Exam 1 Study Guide

Below is a list of the learning objectives for the first 5 chapters of material that we have
covered in our Anatomy class. This list describes the TYPE of information that you are required
to know; it is not a list of specific facts. However, use this list to help you organize your study
materials and focus on the appropriate information.
Exam 1 will be composed of multiple choice, fill in the blank, short answer, and short
essay questions. You will need to bring a full-page, purple Scantron with you to take this
exam. These Scantrons are sold in the Science & Math Lab on the first floor.
You will have 1 hour and 20 minutes to complete this exam.

Chapter 1

Define the characteristics of human life processes and be able to identify examples of each.

Describe the general function of each organ system in the human body.

Distinguish between a symptom and a sign of a disease.

Distinguish between a local and systemic disease.

Describe the main uses of the medical imaging procedures discussed in class.

Chapter 2

Use the terms “intracellular” and “extracellular” to determine the location of a substance or
fluid.

Describe the difference between active and passive transport.

Describe the specific methods of active and passive transport discussed in class, and be able to
identify examples of each type of transport. Transport methods are listed below.
o

Diffusion

o

Osmosis

o

Facilitated diffusion

o

Active transport

o

Receptor-mediated endocytosis

o

Exocytosis

o

Phagocytosis

Describe the structure and function of each of the organelles.

Describe how the size and shapes of cells impacts their function.

2nd. as well as the effects of sunburns on the body.  Identify specific epithelial tissue types from an image using their morphology (appearance). location.  Compare the epidermis to the dermis (i.  List the locations of each specific epithelial tissue type. what structures are present or absent in each? What is the function of these structures)  Compare the papillary layer of the dermis to the reticular layer of the dermis (i.  Explain the anatomical basis for differences in skin color. and 3rd degree burn.  Explain the differences between a 1st. their secretions.  Compare and contrast the glands of the skin (their location. and their general functions). Chapter 5  Name the five layers of cells found in the epidermis.  Describe the differences in the structure and location of mucous membranes and serous membranes.  Describe the differences in the function of mucous membranes and serous membranes.  List the function of each specific epithelial tissue type. and describe the general characteristics of each layer.  Describe the structure.  Explain the function of each of the cell types found in the epidermis. and give the general characteristics of each.  List the function of each specific connective tissue type.  Explain the function of nails.e. and be familiar with important nail structures.  List the locations of each specific connective tissue type. . and function of the five types of cellular junctions.  Explain the growth pattern of hair.e.Chapter 3  Name the 4 basic types of tissues that make up the human body. what structures are present or absent in each? What is the function of these structures)  Describe the structure of hair.  Compare and contrast the appearance and function of the three types of muscle tissue.  Explain the difference in function and abundance of the two types of nervous tissue cells.

 Describe the blood supply and nerve supply to the bones.  List the roles of vitamins. including the specific cell types that take part in this process.  Describe the cellular and extracellular components of bone tissue. and hormones in the bone remodeling process.  Describe the parts of a long bone. minerals.  Explain the effect of exercise on bone tissue.Chapter 6  Describe the 6 main functions of the skeletal system. .  Contrast endochondral ossification and intramembranous ossification.  Compare the structure and function of compact and spongy bone.  Describe the effect of osteoporosis on aging bone.  Explain the process of bone remodeling.