Dynamics

MCB2043
Revision Questions

Dereje Engida Woldemichael (PhD, CEng MIMechE)
dereje.woldemichael@petronas.com.my

September 2014 Semester

EXAMPLE # 1
Ball bearings leave the horizontal trough with a velocity of magnitude u and
fall through the 70-mm-diameter holes as shown. Calculate the permissible
range of u which will enable the balls to enter the hole. Take the dotted
positions to represent the limiting conditions.
Note the origin of the coordinate system is
attached to the point leaving the trough with
y-direction positive downwards.
Horizontal motion
Vertical motion

A

x

s = ut
h =

1
gt
2

s
2h
g

u=

2

y
C

To fall through the hole, the centre of the ball bearing must be
within the range of points C and D with the limited trajectories
between BC and BD.

D

70 





For trajectory BC s BC =  120 − 2  + 2 =  120 − 2  + 2 = 95 mm




95 × 10 −3
umin = u BC =
= 0.744 m / s
2 × 80 × 10 − 3
9.81

For trajectory BD s BD = (120 +

DEW

B

d

D
d
) − = 145 mm
2
2

20

umax = uBD =

120 −

D

d
2

D
2

sBC
sBD
D
120 +
2

145 × 10 −3
2 × 80 × 10 − 3
9.81

d
2

= 1.135 m / s

1

5 m/s2.EXAMPLE # 2 At the instant shown. there should be no string tension and only the weight of ball is applied in the n direction.7 m/s2. the equation of motion yields ∑F n = mg = ma n = m mg t 2 vmin r n Hence. Determine the relative velocity and relative acceleration of A with respect to B at the instant. the equation of motion is given by ∑F n = T − mg = m 2 vmin =m r n T ( gr ) 2 r Thus the tension in position 2 t mg T = 2 mg = 2 × 0. in order to have the minimum speed. What is the minimum speed v that the ball must have when in position 1? If this speed is maintained throughout the circle. FBD in position 1 From FBD of the ball in position 1. the minimum speed at position 1 v min = gr = 9.981 N DEW 2 .13m / s FBD in position 2 Using the FBD at position 2.81 × 1 = 3. EXAMPLE # 3 A child twirls a small 50-g ball attached to the end of a 1-m string so that the ball traces a circle in a vertical plane as shown.05 × 9. The bicyclist at B is traveling at 8.5 m/s along the straight-a-way and increasing his speed at 0. calculate the tension T in the string when the ball is in position 2. the bicyclist at A is traveling at 7 m/s around the curve on the race track while increasing his speed at 0. Neglect any small motion of the child’s hand.81 = 0. Thus.

f ≤ µsN should hold.62 m = 2 a x 2 × 1 .05 m / s 2 Using kinematic equation x= DEW v 2 − 0 = 2a x x v2 42 = 7 .81 × sin 20 = 335.8 N Assumption of no slip is true (Crate is static) f x (b) Assume no slip for the crate again (θ=20º) θ N Using the similar approach.3 × 947 .6 = 284 .5 Assumption of no slip is false (Crate starts to slip) Thus.8 = 276 . Since µs=0. Describe what happens if (a) θ=15º and (b) θ=20º.25 x θ FBD y f = 253 .5 N mg f = 335 .25 × cos 20 ) = 1. the equation of motion in x and y directions can be changed to ∑F x ∑F = ma x y =0 mg sin 20 − µ k N = ma x N − mg cos 20 = 0 a x = g (sin 20 − µ k cos 20 ) = 9.81 × sin 15 = 253.81× cos15 = 947. Calculate the distance x travelled by the crate when reaching v=4 m/s with θ=20º.05 3 .9 N ∑F N − mg cos 15 = 0 N = 100× 9.81 × (sin 20 − 0. the equations of motion in x and y directions ∑ Fx = 0 mg sin 15 − f = 0 f = 100 × 9.6 N y =0 If no slip. one can find f = 100 × 9.9 ≤ µ s N = 0. 100 kg (a) Assume no slip for the crate (θ=15º) With reference to the FBD of crate.3 × 921 .81 × cos 20 = 921.3 µk=0.3 N = 100 × 9.5 > µ s N = 0 .EXAMPLE # 4 The 100 kg crate is carefully placed with zero velocity on an incline as shown.

The speed of the box at A is vA = 2 m/s. a.Exercise A 2 kg box slides on a smooth ramp from A to B and subsequently undergoes a projectile motion until it strikes the ground at C as shown. Determine the horizontal distance from B to C. Determine the velocity of the box at B using energy method. b. DEW 4 .