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Dynamics revision from chapter 12 to chapter 14.

Dynamics revision from chapter 12 to chapter 14.

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MCB2043

Revision Questions

dereje.woldemichael@petronas.com.my

EXAMPLE # 1

Ball bearings leave the horizontal trough with a velocity of magnitude u and

fall through the 70-mm-diameter holes as shown. Calculate the permissible

range of u which will enable the balls to enter the hole. Take the dotted

positions to represent the limiting conditions.

Note the origin of the coordinate system is

attached to the point leaving the trough with

y-direction positive downwards.

Horizontal motion

Vertical motion

s = ut

h =

1

gt

2

s

2h

g

u=

y

C

To fall through the hole, the centre of the ball bearing must be

within the range of points C and D with the limited trajectories

between BC and BD.

70

95 10 3

umin = u BC =

= 0.744 m / s

2 80 10 3

9.81

DEW

D

d

) = 145 mm

2

2

20

umax = uBD =

120

d

2

D

2

sBC

sBD

D

120 +

2

145 10 3

2 80 10 3

9.81

d

2

= 1.135 m / s

EXAMPLE # 2

traveling at 7 m/s around the curve on the race

track while increasing his speed at 0.5 m/s2.

The bicyclist at B is traveling at 8.5 m/s along

the straight-a-way and increasing his speed at

0.7 m/s2. Determine the relative velocity and

relative acceleration of A with respect to B at

the instant.

EXAMPLE # 3

A child twirls a small 50-g ball attached to the end of a 1-m string so that the ball

traces a circle in a vertical plane as shown. What is the minimum speed v that

the ball must have when in position 1? If this speed is maintained throughout

the circle, calculate the tension T in the string when the ball is in position 2.

Neglect any small motion of the childs hand.

FBD in position 1

have the minimum speed, there should be no

string tension and only the weight of ball is

applied in the n direction. Thus, the equation of

motion yields

= mg = ma n = m

mg

t

2

vmin

r

FBD in position 2

motion is given by

= T mg = m

2

vmin

=m

r

n

T

( gr )

mg

DEW

EXAMPLE # 4

The 100 kg crate is carefully placed with zero velocity on an incline as shown.

Describe what happens if (a) =15 and (b) =20. Calculate the distance x

travelled by the crate when reaching v=4 m/s with =20.

100 kg

With reference to the FBD of crate, the equations of motion

in x and y directions

Fx = 0

mg sin 15 f = 0

N mg cos 15 = 0

=0

s=0.3

k=0.25

FBD

y

mg

= ma x

y

=0

mg sin 20 k N = ma x

N mg cos 20 = 0

a x = g (sin 20 k cos 20 ) = 9.81 (sin 20 0.25 cos 20 ) = 1.05 m / s 2

x=

DEW

v 2 0 = 2a x x

v2

42

= 7 .62 m

=

2 a x 2 1 .05

Exercise

A 2 kg box slides on a smooth ramp from A to B and

subsequently undergoes a projectile motion until it strikes the

ground at C as shown. The speed of the box at A is vA = 2 m/s.

a. Determine the velocity of the box at B using energy method.

b. Determine the horizontal distance from B to C.

DEW

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