54A

Deals with t h e determination of the flow propempties of expansive and unsaturated clays under different corzLitions of stress. By choosing
the moisture content as the dependent variable,
the well known non-linear diffusion equation is
derived. Numerical solutions using a finite element program are presented, and a procedure is
proposed to derive the flow properties of the
clay from the sorption curves. A relationship
is shown between applied stress, moisture diffusivity arzl relative moisture content.

793052 P ~ I L I T T

AND RELATE?D PROPERTIES OF COAL
REFUSE
Chert, C Y; Bullen, A G R; Vitale, J E
Transp Res Rec, N640, 1977, P~9-52

Compressibility, swelling and
consolidation
793056 CONSTANP-RATE-OF-STRAIN AND CON~ROLLED-GRADIEET
CONSOLIDATION TESTINO
Gorm~Lu, C T; Hopkins, T C; Deen, R C
Geotech Test J, Vl, NI, March 1978, P3-15
These two methods are compared with conventional incremental-loading consolidation tests in
an extensive testing l~ogr~mmm on 3 soils.
Their feasibility for routine testing procedures is discussed.
793057 INFLL~NCE OF THE STRUCTURE AND CONSTITUENTS OR

793053 ACTION OF SAND DRAINS IN SOPT SOILS
Moser, M A
Publ Inst Soil Mech Rock Mech Fridericiana
Univ Karlsruhe, N69, 1977, 103P
Reports permeability studies (including the relationahip between void ratio, hydraulic gradient and pore water flow) in a newly developed
apparatus to test the validity of Darcy's law
for a clay soil. The law is found to be only
partially valid and the effect of this on consolidation in the region of a sand drain is
considered. Deformation measurements were made
in a larger apparatus which together with theoretical solutions indicate that samd drains
have limited applicability in soft soils.
793054 FUNDAMENTAL STUDIES OF FLUID FLOW THROUGH A
SINGLE FRACTURE
lwai, K
Ph D thesis, California Univ, Berkeley, 1976 ,
232P
Investigates the applicability of the cubic law
to fluid flow through natural fractures, simulated by mating 2 halves of tension-cracked
cylindrical rock samples. The independent effects of geometric factors such as large-scale
roughness and contact area were also tested.
Results showed that fracture permeability although a unique function of apertures is not a
unique function of stress, but also relates
to stress history. Flow is governed by the cubic law if the aperture exceeds 0.2 mm.
Avail: Unlve~sity Microfilms Ltd, 18 Bedford
Row, London, WCIR 4EJ, UK

793055 FUNDAMENTAL SOLUTIONS FOR FLUID-SATURATED POROUS MEDIA AND APPLICATION TO LOCALISED R ~
PHENOMENA
Cleary, M P
Ph D thesis, Brown Univ, 1976, 320P
The solutions can be used in numerical procedures to solve a variety of consolidation,
plasticity and faulting problems in soil and
rock mechanics. The emphasis is on boundary
integral equations, in real or transformed time.
Avail: University Microfilms s 18 Bedford ROw,
London WCIR ~EJ, UK

PEAT ON ITS BEHAVIOUR (IN FRESH)
Vautrain, J
Bull Liaison Lab Ponts Chaussees, ~ 6 , JulyAug 1978, P7-16
793058 NONLINEAR ANALYSIS OF A SOIL WITH ARBITRARY
DILATANCY BY A FINITE ~ N T
METHOD
Kokushko, T
Soils Found, VI8, NI, March 1978, P73-89
Proposes an analytical technique for materials
with arbitrary dilatant behaviour, in which
the volt,he change of a soll is considered as
two components, consolidation and dilatancy,
and these are computed independently. The analysis is applied to a strip footing and an
embankment.
793059 CC~41mJTATIONALMETHOD FOR CONSOLIDatION C O ~ I C I EET. TECHNICAL NOTE
Sivaram, B; Swamee, P K
Soils Found, VI7, N2, June 1977 , P48-52
793060 CHARACTERISTICS OF PENETRATION RESISTANCE OF A
RECLAIMED SANDY DEPOSIT AND THEIR CHANGE THROUGH
VIBRATORY COMPACTION
Salto, A
Soils FOund, V17, ~ , Dec 1977 , P31-43
793061 EFFECT OF LOADING DURATION ON RESULTS OF ONEDIMENSIONAL CONSOLIDATION TESTS
Murakami, Y
Soils Found, VI7, ~ , Dec 1977, P59-69
793062 SOME ANALYTICAL RESULTS OF A Ir~ANE STRAIN CONSOLIDATION PROBLEM OF A CLAY LAYER WITH FINITE
THICKNESS. TECHNICAL NOTE
Y~chi,
H; Murakami, Y
Soils Found, VI8, NI, March 1978 , P98-I04

Dynamic properties
793063 D~I~RMINA~ION OF BIOT'S PARAMETERS FOR SANDSTONES PART 1 : STATIC TESTS
Yew, C H; Jogi, P N
Exp Mech, VI8, NS, May 1978 , P167-172
Blot's theory may be used to describe the wave
motions in fluld-saturated porous rocks. The
experimezf~al irocedure for determlnir~ Blot's
parameters for four rock specimens is icesented