What Would Smoking Cessation Do?
Gairus John C. Boteja
Francisca Burg-Feret
October 29, 2014
NRS. 2177 - Young Families Health
University of New Brunswick – Humber College

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Infants are more likely at risk for the effects of SHS exposure because their bodies are still developing and their breathing pattern is at a quicker rate than adults (Jones and McEwen). Lora. and negative effects on pregnant women (Jones and McEwen. there are still quite a few numbers of people who continue to smoke and make other people exposed to SHS especially at home. Savage. Second-hand smoking (SHS) has detrimental effects to the family and that includes developing childhood asthma.WHAT WOULD SMOKING CESSATION DO? 2 Smoking Cessation Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable death and illness and it is linked to various kinds of diseases including respiratory disease. Blaine. and cancers (Registered Nurses Association of Ontario [RNAO]. smoking . Exposure to SHS increases risk of developing childhood asthma. 2014). and what nursing strategies that can be used to promote smoking cessation. Aronstein. However. Keske. and also other family members such as the elderly. Discussion: Impacts of Smoking Cessation in the Family Smoking is not allowed in many public places. and pregnant women (Reese. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the importance of smoking cessation for family members who smoke at home. Also. social determinants that plays a role in smoking cessation. 2003). cardiovascular diseases. 2012). Geller. and other chronic respiratory diseases associated to smoking. Gandelman. despite of all the negative and long-term effects of smoking. how will smoking cessation impact health of young families that are vulnerable to SHS exposure. family members with preexisting respiratory conditions. there are still many people exposed to SHS and are susceptible in acquiring respiratory problems. most especially children who live with parents who smoke. sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is also known to have link to SHS exposure of the infants and SIDS will give a devastating and emotional distress to the family. respiratory illnesses of other family members. chronic diseases. however. In addition.

and places where other family members who do not smoke are present. Thompson.WHAT WOULD SMOKING CESSATION DO? 3 and exposure to SHS during pregnancy has dangerous effects to the developing infant. Donithan. and has significant effect on cognitive development such as trouble with learning (Butz. they still continue to smoke especially in places where other people are more likely to be exposed to SHS like their own homes and even within their cars. First. Land. Smoking cessation will affect families in several ways. car. People justify themselves by drawing on some conclusions that diseases such as lung cancer is not all the time linked to smoking. 2010). Halterman. Social Determinants Education and literacy is one of the social determinants that affect smoking cessation. unhealthy lifestyle. As what Robinson et al. and genetics and for that reason. However. Bellin. low birth weight. Another social . Smith. Kub. they are not considering to reduce or cut-down smoking (Robinson. Sullivan. Tsoukleris. prevention of SHS exposure through smoking cessation will reverse the detrimental effects of SHS and one way of preventing is by reducing the SHS exposure at home. An individual’s level of education and literacy influences his or her perception and understanding about the importance. but rather to fate. 2012). Smoking cessation will also influence children’s perception about smoking because they will less likely be involved in tobacco use when they reach adolescent years and will prefer to stay in a smoke-free environment when they start living on their own (Jones and McEwen. 2011). Walker. Because of that. (2010) had indicated that there are still vast number of people who lacks understanding about the detrimental effects and the dangers of smoking. Bottorff. It is connected to preterm delivery. benefits and impact of smoking cessation to his or her own family. it will decrease rates of health issues (especially in children and older adults) and other series of complications (in pregnant women and sick family members) that will bring stress to the family.

Also. This apparently causes the child to be more exposed in SHS and become vulnerable to certain respiratory disorders not only to the child. First is by educating the person who smokes in the family about the harm. There are nursing strategies that are useful in promoting smoking cessation in order to reduce and eventually cut down SHS exposure in the family. Butz et al. health risks. Another strategy is by making the families involved in the plan of care by working in collaboration with the nurse in planning and decision-making about how and when to implement smoking cessation. Nursing Strategies Nurses play an important role in promoting smoking cessation in the family. Rees et al. Every person has its own way to deal with the stress and daily pressure they are facing every day that significantly affects their daily health practices.WHAT WOULD SMOKING CESSATION DO? 4 determinant that affects smoking cessation is individual health practices and coping skills. A nurse should emphasize the importance of protecting the health family from hazards that smoking will bring. by educating the whole family about the risks associated with SHS and the benefits of the smoking cessation so that they can act as a support and an encouragement to family members who smoke to reduce smoking. and educating them about the positive impact and importance of smoking cessation so that the he or she will have an informedchoice (Jones and McEwen. (2011) also states that most parents or caregivers do their smoking regimen within a close proximity to the child usually in the living room. . and associated diseases that will be acquired through SHS by giving them reliable and evidenced-based information and resources that he or she can use and rely on such as access to support groups and health team. 2012). (2014) indicates that children from families with low-income that have caregivers that use tobacco aside from alcohol as their comfort measure are at high-risk for SHS exposure. but also to other family members who are susceptible.

and family members in a poor health condition. smoking cessation will also reduce rates of health issues such as respiratory disorders in the family. and good timing on quitting smoking. . Nursing strategies such as educating the family about the risk of SHS and importance of smoking cessation by giving them informed-choice and another nursing strategy by involving the family in the plan of care so that common goal is achieve. and smoking cessation will create a healthy environment that the children will adapt when they grow up. A family can help by establishing a smoke-free environment and setting up smoke-free rules in their houses and cars and becoming a constant reminder about the importance of smoking reduction. and also it is affected by the daily health practices and whether the individual uses smoking as a coping skill and how does this individual perform his or her smoking regimen.WHAT WOULD SMOKING CESSATION DO? 5 Robinson et al. smoking cessation has a huge impact on the health of the family. a nurse should recognize individual’s strength. first it will reduce SHS exposure to the vulnerable members of the family such as children. right reason. (2010) indicated that every individual have his or her own choice. pregnant women. weaknesses. Therefore. The level of education and understanding about the SHS of an individual in the family also affects effectiveness of smoking cessation. In summary. and willingness to reduce or cut-down smoking and collaborate this to the family members so that they would help this individual to progressively workout on achieving the goal of reducing SHS exposure to the family. elderly.

. American journal of public health. doi: 10. M.. doi: 10. Bellin. (2010).. Bottorff.pdf Robinson. Tsoukleris.2011. R.. A... Smith.. M. M... Aronstein. 16(3). Reese.301735 Registered Nurses’ Association of Ontario (2003). (2012).. Blaine.. & Bollinger. K. (2014). V. E.. & Sullivan. Reducing secondhand smoke exposure at home. doi: 10. Journal of asthma. L. A. K. British journal of school of nursing. J. 104(10). V.2105/AJPH. and family dynamics. Kub. Donithan. 449-457. Keske. C. J. & McEwen. Integrating smoking cessation into daily nursing practice. D. 1928-1934. 7(8).576742 Jones. 48. Retrieved from: http://rnao. "Just because you've got lung cancer doesn't mean I will": Lung cancer. Lora.ca/sites/rnaoca/files/Integrating_Smoking_Cessation_into_Daily_Nursing_Practice. 282-301. (2011). 389-393. .. Factors associated with second-hand smoke exposure in young inner-city children with asthma. Geller. Journal of family nursing.2013. Gandelman. M.. J.WHAT WOULD SMOKING CESSATION DO? 6 References Butz... Factors influencing adoption of and adherence to indoor smoking bans among health disparity communities. M. A. Halterman.3109/02770903.. smoking..1177/1074840710370747 .