DURATION , EFFECT AND ACCESSORIES OF PENALTIES

PENALTY
DEATH (repealed)
DEATH when not
executed by reason of
commutation or pardon
(repealed)
RECLUSION PERPETUA

DURATION
Indivisble

Perpetual absolute
disqualification (PAD)

Effective during the
lifetime of convict and
even after the sentence

Perpetual special
disqualification (PSD)

Effective during the
lifetime of convict and

EFFECTS

ACCESSORIES
(1) Perpetual absolute
disqualification (PAD)
(2) Civil interdiction for
30 years from sentence
(1) Perpetual absolute
disqualification (PAD)
(2) Civil interdiction for
life

Indivisible ( 20 years and
1 day to 40 years)

Effects of PAD for public
office:
(1) Deprivation of public
office and employments,
even if by election
(2) Deprivation of right
to vote or be elected
(3) Disqualification for
the offices or public
employments & for the
exercise of any rights
mentioned
(4) Loss of right to
retirement pay or
pension for any office
formerly held
Effects of PSD for public
office, profession or

even after the sentence

calling:
(1) Deprivation of office,
employment, profession,
or calling affected
(2) Disqualification for
holding similar offices or
employments perpetually
Effects of PSD for
exercise of suffrage:
(1) Deprivation of right
to vote or be elected to
any public office
(2) Cannot hold any
public office during
period of disqualification

Reclusion temporal

12 years & 1 day to 20
years

Prision mayor

6 years & 1 day to 12
years

Temporary absolute
disqualification (TAD)

6 years & 1 day to 12
years

(1) Perpetual absolute
disqualification (PAD)
(2) Civil interdiction for
duration of sentence
(1) Temporary absolute
disqualification ( TAD)
(2) Perpetual special
disqualification (PSD) of
suffrage
Effects of TAD for public
office:
(1) Deprivation of public
office and employments,
even if by election
(2) Deprivation of right
to vote or be elected

Temporary special
disqualification (TSD)

6 years & 1 day to 12
years

(3) Disqualification for
the offices or public
employments & for the
exercise of any rights
mentioned
(4) Loss of right to
retirement pay or
pension for any office
formerly held
Effects of TSD for public
office, profession or
calling:
(1) Deprivation of office,
employment, profession,
or calling affected
(2) Disqualification for
holding similar offices or
employments during the
term of the sentence
Effects of TSD for
exercise of suffrage:
(1) Deprivation of right
to vote or be elected to
any public office
(2) Cannot hold any
public office during
period of disqualification

Prision correccional

6 months & 1 day to 6
years

(1) Suspension from
public office, profession
or calling
(2) Perpetual special

disqualification (PSD) of
suffrage, if the duration
of imprisonment exceeds
18 mos.
Suspension

6 months & 1 day to 6
years

Destierro

6 months & 1 day to 6
years

Arresto mayor

1 month & 1 day to 6
months

Arresto menor

1 day to 30 days

Civil Interdiction

Effects of Suspension
from public office,
profession or calling or
right of suffrage:
(1) Disqualification from
holding such office or
exercising such
profession or calling or
right of suffrage during
the term of sentence
(2) If suspended from
public office, offender
cannot hold another
office having similar
functions during the
period of suspension
Prohibition to enter w/in
25-250 km radius from
the designated place
(1) Suspension of right
to hold office
(2) Suspension of the
right of suffrage
(1) Suspension of right
to hold office
(2) Suspension of the
right of suffrage
(1)Deprivation of rights

Bonds to keep Peace

of parental authority or
guardianship of any ward
(2)Deprivation of marital
authority
(3)Deprivation of right to
manage his property and
of the right to dispose of
such property by any act
or any conveyance inter
vivos
Depends on discretion of (1)Offender must
court
present 2 sufficient
sureties who shall
undertake that the
offender will not commit
the offense sought to be
prevented, and in case
the offense be
committed they shall pay
the amount determined
by the court
(2)The offender must
deposit such amount w/
the clerk of the court to
guarantee the said
undertaking
(3) The offender may be
detained , if he cannot
give the bond, for a
period not to exceed 6
months if prosecuted for
grave/less grave felony ,

or for period not to
exceed 30 days for light
felony