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Calibration is a pre-measurement process.CALIBRATION: The calibration of any measuring instrument is necessary to measure the quantity in terms of standard unit. It is the process of framing the scale of the instrument by applying some standardized signals. generally .

CALIBRATION OF DIAL INDIACTOR In most of the measurements. environmental conditions. If the accuracy is to be maintained. The schedule of such calibration depends upon the severity of use.carried out by manufacturers. it should display an output equivalent to the known measured input near the full scale input value. accuracy of measurement required etc. The accuracy of the instrument depends upon the calibration. As far as possible calibration should be performed under environmental conditions which are very close to the conditions under which actual measurements are carried out. Similarly. the instruments must be checked and recalibrated if necessary. which measures the deviations of a dimension from the standard reference value. it can be easily calibrated. Constant use of instruments affects their accuracy. It is carried out by making adjustments such that the read out device produces zero output for zero measured input. If the output of a measuring system is linear and repeatable. Dial indicators measure the displacement of a plunger or stylus and . Such measurements involve the use of an instrument called comparator. the dimensions to be measured are compared with a suitable reference standard.

setting the main scale zero and the zero on the micrometer drum across the cross line. therefore.e. The comparator. The pointer on the dial indicator should be adjusted such that the zero coincide the bezel. The dial indicator is fixed on the dial tester with the plunger just touching the anvil of the micrometer. i. The comparators however. intervals of the readings to be taken. reference standard to be used etc.  Rotate the thimble of the micrometer in clockwise direction.  Clean the measuring faces of the dial calibration tester. Calibration of a dial indicator involves  Range of the instrument to be calibrated.indicate the magnitude of the displacement on dial by means of a rotating pointer. Note down the readings of the graduated . may sometime indicate faulty readings due to their inherent manufacturing errors or due to the wear of their parts during service. The circular disc of the micrometer is adjusted such that the zero coincides with the cross line. needs to be calibrated periodically.

pdf ” for detailed calibrating procedure. It should be justified. Take the reading in the upward direction from 0. the error for various turns Tabulate the results for justification of dial tester. Since the Dial Tester is used as reference standard. Calculate the uncertainty as per guidelines by National Accreditation Board for testing and calibration Laboratory (NABL).5 mm to 25 mm in a step size of 0. Place the slip gauge between the micrometer head tip and the contact point of the electronic probe. Comment about the capability of the Dial tester for its use as reference standard for calibration. Study the calibration graph and comment about sources of error in the dial indicator under test and its measurement capability. Refer file “ Dial Indicator Calibration Procedure. . the deviations from the actual readings note from the dial tester. Plot a graph of calibration with the dial indicator readings vs. Choose a proper range of the dial tester and check against the slip gauges. Tabulate the results as divisions on the dial gage vs. Repeat the procedure for the range of the indicator.          disc of the micrometer against the cross wire for each interval of movement of the dial gage.5 mm. both in the forward and backward directions.

Refer file “Calibration of gauge blocks by comparison. Refer file “Micrometer Calibration.pdf ” for detailed calibrating procedure of gauge blocks.pdf ” for detailed example pertaining calibrating procedure of micrometer. .