ALVERO, Maria Mirella M.

The Apostle’s Creed affirms
God as the Almighty Father, Creator
of all things, with the divine Sonmade-man
the Holy Spirit, thus presenting the
Holy Trinity. By proclaiming belief in
“God, the Father Almighty,” the
Creed lifts us out of ourselves and
centers us on the one God who is
love, and not on our meager selves.
God enters our lives in our
experiencing: our own inner search
for meaning and happiness; the
beauty and goodness of nature and
our family, friends and neighbors
around us; our Filipino history and
culture; and especially, God’s public
Revelation in salvation history as
recorded in the Old and New
Testaments, and climaxed in Jesus
God revealed Himself through
the Salvation History. First, He
made a Covenant with the Israelites
through Moses, so Yahweh revealed
Himself as the One God who is Truth
Second, through his
personal knowledge and intimacy,
Jesus, the only begotten Son, taught
us that God is our Father. Moreover,
the Father and Christ are present to

us by sending their Spirit into our
There is also the Holy Spirit
who completes the Blessed Trinity,
which started with our Baptism in the
name of Father, Son, and Holy
Spirit; continues in every Christian
prayer begun with the “Sign of the
Cross,” marked by our “Glory be. . .”
and is strengthened in our Eucharist
or thanksgiving to the Father,
through memory of His Son’s
Passion, Death and Resurrection,
made present through the power of
the Holy Spirit.
By calling God as “Father”, it
tells us that God is personal, close to
us, not an impersonal force, distant
and far off. He cares for us even with
motherly love. God the Father
therefore is not a patriarchal or
Rather, He is a God who welcomes
and celebrates the return of every
son or daughter who was dead and
has come back to life, who was lost
and is found.
By calling Him “Almighty” we
affirm that God is all-powerful, first
as Creator, able “to do all things” and
Ruler of
as Love shown in Christ’s Cross and
Resurrection, subjecting all other
powers to the ultimate sustaining
presence of His love.

unifying center. God freely creates out of sheer love. He is the maker and final goal of everything that exists. hope and sacrifice arise from the world’s sufferings and evils. and final goal of all things. Angels played an active role in the Old Testament. purpose and destiny. . CHAPTER 7 To “create” means to put and keep something in existence. all things visible and invisible. much evil in the world. At every moment of their existence. Each divine Person in the Blessed Trinity is active in the one divine creative act. The truth of creation means that God’s loving creativity builds into each of us a meaning. generosity. God continues to create and to sustain in existence the whole world and everything in it. built-in stability. the Son. in the power of the Holy Spirit. in the life of Jesus and of the Church. truth and goodness. results from the kind of limited universe in which we live. who serve God as instruments of His Divine Providence for us. God is Creator because He puts and sustains everything in existence. forgiveness. God is the ultimate origin and source. Being created means all things are equal in being totally dependent on God for their very existence. Moreover He calls each of us to personal responsibility in solidarity with others for the common good of all and of the earth itself. God continues to sustain and care for everything He created with special Providence in drawing sinful mankind back to Himself through the redemptive sacrifice of Christ and the grace of the Holy Spirit. Much courage. This is because. to share His own divine life and goodness. especially physical evil. and therefore not to be feared or worshipped. angels. He creates through a simple act of His divine Word. Creation is the first step in God’s plan of salvation for all through Jesus Christ. Christ’s Paschal Mystery shows how God draws out of the depths of evil the victory of the Risen Christ and His transforming love.We might be confused God allows so much evil and suffering. God is personally present and sustaining each of us now in our daily lives. Also. Scripture affirms that God’s creation includes pure spirits. God entrusts each human being to the guidance and protection of a guardian angel. with their own laws and values. but respected for their own God-given. which nothing can take away from us.

The indwelling Holy Spirit in the baptized makes them adopted sons/daughters of the Father. The Church clarifies that we do not inherit Adam’s personal sin. and incorporates them into his Body the Church.CHAPTER 8 The Bible teaches that sin and evil come not from God who created everything good. hope and love. One kind of sin is the “Original sin”. sanctifying presence. . so through one man’s obedience all shall become just” The Church clarifies that we do not inherit Adam’s personal sin. God’s saving. Genesis narrates the primordial account of the “originating sin” of Adam and Eve and its consequences for them as well as in the spread of evil in order to account for the evil which we all experience today. Paul teaches us. but its consequences. into the sinful condition in the world with our weakened human nature resulting from his sin. coheirs with Jesus Christ. that is that as members of the human race. the essence of which is the privation of sanctifying grace. within the Christian community of parents. Original sin essentially consists in the privation of sanctifying grace. but from the willful disobedience of man who abused his God-given freedom at the dawn of history. that is that as members of the human race.” or the actual sinful state into which we are born. and the inner effect of disordered desires we all experience within us. Baptism is to grace a child with the gift of the Holy Spirit. which can refer to two things: the first is “originating sin” which brought evil and brokenness into the world. into the sinful condition in the world with our weakened human nature resulting from his sin. St. we are born deprived of sanctifying grace. but its consequences. Baptism “takes away original sin” by bringing to the baptized the gift of the Holy Spirit. we are born deprived of sanctifying grace. the condition in which all human beings are born. sponsors and neighbors. and the other one is “originated sin. to effectively symbolize the Christian atmosphere needed for growing up as a disciple of Christ in faith. “just as through one man’s disobedience all became sinners. and some of whose consequences are evident in the outside sinful situation (sin of the world).

The Church has adopted the Psalms. the prayers Christ used. CHAPTER 10 The thirst for a personal relationship with Christ our Savior and for Christ the Liberator among the oppressed and exploited indicates a strong yearning for Christ among many Filipinos today. It provides the background for interpreting our own experience as well as the words. ever-deepening personal relationship with the Jesus of the Gospels. and repentance arising from the deepest longings of the human heart and drawing on God’s saving acts among His people. They constantly call for conversion of heart worked within His people by God Himself. . They express total personal commitment to God. whose commandments are meant to liberate His people. and presence of Christ our Savior. and the Writings. Salvation is not a material thing. “knowing Christ” means being committed to him. The Covenant Law was God’s great gift to His people. Moreover. the Savior of His people. but a spiritual reality only gradually understood through its promise. The Wisdom books remind us how to be faithful to God in daily actions and events. offering them a special vocation and way of life as a community heritage. The Law reveals a God for and with His people. example.CHAPTER 9 The Old Testament gives us the living Word of God that brings God’s promise of salvation to us. The messianic prophecies foretell a Messiah King who brings salvation to his people precisely as a “Suffering Servant. Getting to know Christ is a gradual. life-long. thanksgiving.” They call the people to radical conversion. to express the New Covenant created by the Triune God. despite their infidelities toward Him. to turn back to Yahweh’s Covenant by renouncing evil and doing justice. the Prophets. God’s Promise of salvation is found in all three parts of the Old Testament: the Law. The Psalms are song-poems of praise. lament. being his disciple. present to us now in multiple ways as the Risen Christ. in daily obedience to His Law. The prophets interpret the present situation as viewed by God.

Jesus proclaimed the “Kingdom of God. the “one mediator between God and men”. power because he claimed a unique filial relationship with God. in order to know in faith that “Jesus Christ is Lord” God the Son became one of us for our salvation. the only Son of the Father. but not yet realized fully. ever at the Father’s side. it is important to know the historical life and work of Jesus through constant contact with the Gospels. support it by signs and wonders. especially by working for justice and peace. Jesus saves by making it possible for us to work throughout our lives against sin. the “Beloved Son” of the Father and filled with the Holy Spirit. for loving service of one another. of what he knew personally. and Mary’s complete gift of self to . the God-man. the spiritual root of all the evils which we experience. full of grace and truth. perfectly fulfilled the task of a prophet to proclaim the Word of God. that is: to save us from the slavery of sin. He is: truly human.” Father. because he taught only what he heard from his Father. one. Therefore. because he spoke in his own name. and seal it with his own blood. liberating them from sin. Mary is the mother of God because she is the mother of Jesus. He calls us to embrace and exercise his liberating grace in all our moral actions. The Gospels clearly teach that Mary was chosen by God to conceive and bear a son. like us in all things but sin. Truth and the Life. authority. his “Abba. God’s eternal Word. to actually share His divine sonship with us. as it will be at the end of time. Her virginity manifests both God’s free initiative in effecting the Incarnation of His Son. from what he did and continues to do. Sacred Scripture grounds three fundamental truths about the person of Jesus.We come to know whom Jesus is. to be our model. This “Kingdom” summarized all the blessings of God’s presence among His people. He cannot be divided. Jesus. who has revealed Him to us. Jesus. Jesus preached and taught with: certainty. Through the miracles. truly divine.” already present and “at hand” through him. as the Way. Jesus called all to faith in Him and to discipleship which consists in following him in building the Kingdom through loving service of others. to reveal to us God’s unending love for us. who will be called Son of the Most High.

Mary was given by Christ on the Cross to be the spiritual mother in grace of all his disciples.God. At her death. and c) empowering us to share in his redemptive work. It is the Father who sends His only begotten Son to redeem us from our sins. and to give meaning and purpose to our lives through the fellowship inspired by the Holy Spirit. and to overcome our sinfulness and its effects in the world. Christ’s redemptive Death is different from all others in that its effect is: a) universal. Both graces are not exceptions separating Mary from us. . otherwise known as Immaculate Conception. touching all. died. Christ died because of our sins. which we know as Assumption. Thus he made possible our own repentance and sacrifices.dying to rise to new life and Christian discipleship: Christ saved us not by the physical sufferings taken separately. Christ redeems us in two basic acts: He removes our subjective guilt by bringing us God’s pardon and forgiveness. Jesus freely and consciously went to his death to fulfill the mission he had from his Father. but privileges of perfection and completion that enable Mary to fulfill her unique role in God’s plan to save all through Christ. Chosen to be the Mother of Jesus our Savior. she was taken up body and soul into heaven. and He restores the objective moral order broken by our sins through his loving act of reparation. CHAPTER 11 The Cross is the symbol of Christ’s Paschal Mystery . Jesus could take away “the sin of the world” as the “suffering Servant” foretold by the prophet Isaiah. was crucified. The Creed describes five acts of Jesus’ redeeming sacrifice: he suffered. reaching to eternal life. the one Mediator. b) eschatological. to share in his redemptive work. Mary was conceived in her mother’s womb “preserved free from all stain of original sin”. and descended to the dead. was buried. He saw himself fulfilling the Old Testament prophecies by “giving his life in ransom for the many”. Because of his corporate solidarity with us sinners. Besides being the virgin mother of Jesus. but by his perfect love for his Father and for us which was expressed in his sufferings and death for us.

except the Father. When He descended to the dead. Son and Spirit. and authentic hierarchy of values in everyday life. the most significant event of the Christian Faith.” . confirmed Jesus as the “only Son of the Father”. The Ascension means that the Risen Christ ascended to heaven to take his place at the right hand of the Father. and account of the early Christian community’s experience of the Risen Christ’s presence in the Holy Spirit. and that he is truly the Savior of all. in its: Easter proclamation and apostolic mandate. extending to all who had died before him. is a work of the Triune God: Father. It is useless. narrative of the tradition of the empty tomb. including even those who have never heard of his “Good News. this means that Christ really and fully entered into the human experience of death. and for Christ’s continued mediating on our behalf as well as for grounding our hope in our own future resurrection. The Risen Christ will come again at the Parousia to judge the living and the dead. The New Testament testifies to Christ’s Resurrection in four ways. to speculate on this “when. fulfilled the Old Testament prophecies. The Ascension is a salvific event for us since Christ’s return to the Father was necessary for sending the Spirit among us. our faith is worthless Christ’s resurrection is not simply a “fact” of information. descriptions of the Risen Christ’s appearances to his disciples. If Christ is not risen. Jesus leads us to: basic trust in God as our heavenly Father. together with the Incarnation. therefore.Thus our redemption. that his salvific ministry is universal. deeper. namely. It is the central Gospel message itself. acceptance of others as His beloved children. and will be the principle and source of our resurrection. like our creation and sanctification. Christ’s Resurrection is not only the proof of the Gospel message. enabled Christ to share his new life with us as adopted sons and daughters of the Father.” CHAPTER 12 The Risen Christ is the key to our salvation and all authentic knowledge of God. but rather. Christ clearly affirmed that no one knows this. It confirmed all Christ had done and taught during his public ministry. more authentic selfrespect.