14.

For the curve
Solution:

2
Given x  2c y  c 

x 2  2cy  c
Differentiating with respect to "x" we get

dy
dx
dy x
 -------------(1)

dx c
dy
0
 0

dx0,c  c

2 x  2c

Differentiating (1) with respect to "x" we get

d2y 1

dx 2 c
d2y
1

 2
dx 0 ,c  c
3

  dy  2  2
 
1  
  dx  
The radius of curvature is  
d2y
dx 2

1  0 


3
2 2

1
c

3

1
12
 c

1
1
c
c

 The radius of curvature is c .
16. Find the envelope of the family of Straight lines y  mx 
Solution:

1
m
my  m 2 x  1

Given y  mx 

m 2 x  my  1  0
Which is a quadratic equation in the parameter m we get

A  x, B   y ,C  1
The equation of envelope is B 2  4 AC  0

Y 2  4X  0

1
m

Y 2  4X Which is the envelope of the family of the straight lines y  mx  1 m 18. C  2 2 The equation of envelope is B  4 AC  0 y 2  8x  0 Which is the envelope of family of straight lines y  x  2  . Solution: Given y  x  2    x  y  2  0 2 Which is the quadratic in parameter  A   x . B  y . Solution: Given x  y sin   a cos Squaring on both sides x  y sin  2  a cos 2 x 2  y 2 sin 2   2 y sin   a 2 cos 2   0    2 xy sin   x  x 2  y 2 sin 2   2 y sin   a 2 1  sin 2   0 a 2   y 2 sin 2 2   a2  0 Which is the quadratic in parameter sin  A  a 2  y 2 . Find the envelope of family of straight lines y  x  2  . C  x 2  a 2 The equation of envelope is B 2  4 AC  0    4x 2 y 2  4 a 2  y 2 x 2  a 2  0 4 x 2 y 2  4 a 2 x 2  4 x 2 y 2  4a 4  4a 2 y 2  0  4 a 2 x 2  4a 4  4 a 2 y 2  0  4 a 2 x 2  4a 4  4a 2 y 2  4a 4 4 Dividing by  4a we get 2 x y2  1 a2 a2 x2  y2  a2 Which is required envelope. 19. Find the envelope of x  y sin   a cos . where  is a parameter. B  2 xy .  is parameter. .

20. C  y 2  b 2 The equation of envelope is B 2  4 AC  0    4x 2 y 2  4 x 2  a 2 y 2  b 2  0 4 x y  4 x y  4a y  4 x 2 b 2  4a 2 b 2  0 2 2 2 2 2 2 4a 2 y 2  4 x 2 b 2  4a 2 b 2 2 2 Dividing by 4a b we get 2 x y2  1 a2 b2 Which is the envelope of family of straight lines y  mx  a 2 m 2  b 2 . B  2 xy . m is parameter Solution: Given y  mx  a 2 m 2  b 2 y  mx   a 2 m 2  b 2 Squaring on both sides  y  mx2   x a 2m2  b2    2   a 2 m 2  2 xym  y 2  b 2  0 Which is the quadratic in parameter m 2 A  x 2  a 2 . Find the envelope of family of straight lines y  mx  a 2 m 2  b 2 . .