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Stainless Steel

Aluminium
Copper, Brass & Bronze
Nickel Alloys

The information contained herein is based on our present knowledge and experience and is given in
good faith. However, no liability will be accepted by the Company in respect of any action taken by
any third party in reliance thereon.
As the products detailed herein may be used for a wide variety of purposes and as the Company
has no control over their use, the Company specifically excludes all conditions or warranties
expressed or implied by statute or otherwise as to dimensions, properties and/or their fitness for any
particular purpose. Any advice given by the Company to any third party is given for that partys
assistance only and without any liability on the part of the Company.
Any contract between the Company and a customer will be subject to the Companys Conditions of
Sale. The extent of the Companys liabilities to any customer is clearly set out in those Conditions;
a copy of which is available on request.
Weights
All weights shown in this publication are for guidance only. They are calculated using nominal
dimensions and scientifically recognised densities. Please note that in practice, the actual weight
can vary significantly from the theoretical weight due to variations in manufacturing tolerances
and compositions.
Copyright 2002: All Rights reserved: Amari Metals Limited. No part of this publication may be
reproduced, sorted in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic,
mechanical, recording or otherwise without the prior written consent of the proprietor.
Issue No. 2-11/2004

CONTENTS

The Company

2-3

Stainless Steel:
Introduction & Special Products

Rolled Products (Sheet & Plate)

Bar & Sections

Pipe

14

Butt Weld Fittings

17

Flanges

21

Seamless Tube

23

Hygienic Tube & Fittings

25

High Purity Tube & Fittings

26

Screwed Fittings

28

Socket Weld Fittings

29

Structural & Decorative Tube

30

Technical Information

34

Aluminium:
Introduction

38

Extrusions

38

Rolled Products (Sheet & Plate)

42

Special Products

44

Technical Information

46

Copper Alloys:
Introduction & Special Products

48

Brass

48

Copper

53

Bronze

56

Technical Information

58

Nickel Alloys
Stock & Special Products

60

Technical Information

62

General Data
Branches

66

Back cover

Aalco, founded in 1964, is today


the UKs largest independent
multi-metals stockholder, with a
25 million inventory spanning
aluminium, stainless steel, copper,
brass, bronze and nickel alloys in all
semi-finished forms.
Aalco provides customers with a costeffective single source for all their
metals requirements, together with
a comprehensive processing service
offering all stock in standard sizes or
cut to customers instructions as well
as finishing and coating. No order is
too large or too small and Aalco
offers a responsive and competitive
service for supplying anything from
single item orders to major JIT
contracts, tailoring this service to the
individual needs of every customer.
The unique combination of unrivalled
product range, extensive processing
facilities and flexible service makes
Aalco a clear market leader.
Whats more Aalcos exceptional
customer service means that 30,000
customers from every sector of UK
manufacturing and engineering
industry rely on Aalco for their
metals supplies.
With 20 companies across England,
Scotland, Wales & Ireland, Aalco
delivers to every corner of the UK.
Every Aalco branch holds stocks to
meet the immediate needs of
customers in their local area.
This is backed up by bulk stocks
held at a central warehouse.
For a quotation, for further
information, more extensive technical
information, advice on product
selection or to place an order, please
contact your local Aalco branch as
shown on the back cover.

Standard Stock and


Specials
This catalogue is intended to provide
an overview of the product range
together with the essential basic
technical information. Please note
that the sizes shown for each
product are those most widely used
and that many more options are
available from Aalcos 10,000 item
standard stock range.

spanning decoiling, levelling, slitting


and blanking. In addition, Aalco
regularly arranges other services for
customers on a sub-contract basis.
Aalco has developed particular
specialities in four key areas:

Aalco also hold a significant range of


non-standard products as well as
special items for particular industries
and individual customers. In fact
around 40% of the stock at individual
branches falls into this category.

Bar, tube and pipe cutting

Processing Services

Plate processing

Processed metals save time and


money so many customers have
a need for cutting services.
Understanding this, Aalco is
committed to providing an effective
response and has thus made major
investments in a wide range of
advanced processing equipment at
both local branches and central
facilities. Most branches have on-site
bar sawing, protective PVC coating
of sheet and a guillotine. Central
facilities include plate saws,
polishing of sheet & coil and plasma
profiling as well as coil processing

Aalcos plate processing facilities


provide a unique range of possibilities
for cutting stainless steel, aluminium,
copper, brass, bronze and nickel alloy
plate that is unmatched in the UK.
Plate saws handle 4000mm lengths
in thicknesses up to 155mm. Plasma
cutting on air or submerged beds
provides blanks up to 130mm thick,
2000mm wide, 4000mm long. Band
saws cut circles 100mm thick up to
1000mm diameter. Laser cutting
provides a clean, accurate edge for
thicknesses up to 50mm in 2000mm
widths and 4000mm lengths.

For bar, capacity is available to


accurately cut anything from a single
16"/406mm diameter billet to high
volume repetition
blanking. For
tubular products
there is an
equally flexible
range of facilities.
This means
reliable deliveries
of cut pieces
across the whole
product range.

Water Jet cutting provides intricate

detail to close tolerances for


thicknesses up to 100mm in 2000mm
width plates up to 4000mm long.
Guillotining provides cut plates up to
14 metres long, 12mm thick and
2000mm wide. Abrasive Disc cutting
provides a clean, smooth, square-cut
edge on plates up to 75mm thick,
2000mm wide, 4000mm long. In
addition Aalco offer Plate Decoiling
up to 12mm thick and 2000mm wide
to provide plate blanks up to
4000mm long.

Coil processing
Our coil processing services cover
decoiling, levelling, slitting, spool
winding, blanking, piercing, notching
and circling as well as polishing and
protective coating. Aluminium and
stainless steel in thicknesses from
0.1mm to 3.0mm with widths up to
2000mm are processed to close
tolerances on a 22 specialist lines
within a dedicated group facility that
is unequalled in Europe.

Surface finishing
A significant percentage of the
stainless steel sheet used today is
supplied with a polished finish.
Aalco has extensive polishing facilities
providing a range of finishes to meet
every application. This includes a full
range of ground finishes as well as
the premium OPTISHEEN finish.
The unique wet-cut OPTISHEEN
process produces a very consistent
high quality surface meeting the
highest food-industry standards.
Aalco supplies many other surfacefinished products including polished
stainless steel plate, coil and tube,
anodised aluminium sheet and
extrusions as well as various
coloured and/or textured coatings.

Quality
Aalco takes great care when
selecting manufacturing sources for
its products. Every mill is subjected
to careful scrutiny and must meet
a schedule of quality control
requirements. Therefore, all products
supplied by Aalco conform to the
relevant BS or international standard.
A certificate of conformity or analysis
can be supplied on request.
Aalco branches operate a quality
manual designed to ISO9000/2000
requirements. Many vendor
approvals and bespoke quality
control systems are operated
through individual Aalco branches.

People
Exceptional customer service starts
with people. Flexible people, whom
customers can trust and rely upon
to provide quality advice and
informed product knowledge in a
friendly manner.
Aalco attracts, develops and retains
high quality people. Continuous
development of their skills includes
an in-house product-training
programme giving them a complete
understanding of the full range.

This enables customers to benefit


from assistance in materials selection
and choice of the most cost effective
processing options.
Whatever your requirement, in
whatever quantity, it will pay you
to discuss your needs with your
local Aalco branch.

ROLLED PRODUCTS (SHEET)

Stainless steel is not a single specific


material it is the name given to a
group of corrosion-resistant steels
containing a minimum of 11%
chromium varying additions of
nickel, molybdenum, titanium,
niobium and other elements may
also be present. The mechanical
properties, corrosion resistance and
behaviour in service of each type of
steel depends upon its composition
and consequently a carefully
considered choice of steel is vital.
Aalco stocks all of the commonly
required forms of stainless steel
including sheet, coil, strip, plate,
bar and sections as well as a full
range of tube, pipe, fittings and
flanges. In addition to a
comprehensive range of standard
products, Aalco branches stock
industry specific items and customer
specials with numerous specialist
products and alloys satisfying the
needs of a broad range of
industries. Aalco also provides a
complete range of processing
services spanning: bar, tube & pipe
cutting; plate processing; coil
processing and surface finishing.

Sheet 1.4301 (304) 2B Finish EN10088.2-95


Size
(mm)

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

Size
(mm)

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

2000 x 1000 x 0.5

8.2

3000 x 1500 x 1.2

44.2

2500 x 1250 x 0.5

12.8

2000 x 1000 x 1.5

24.6

2000 x 1000 x 0.7

11.5

2500 x 1250 x 1.5

38.4

2500 x 1250 x 0.7

17.9

3000 x 1500 x 1.5

55.3

2000 x 1000 x 0.8

13.1

2000 x 1000 x 2.0

32.7

2500 x 1250 x 0.8

20.5

2500 x 1250 x 2.0

51.2

2000 x 1000 x 0.9

14.7

3000 x 1500 x 2.0

73.7

2500 x 1250 x 0.9

23.0

2000 x 1000 x 2.5

40.9

3000 x 1500 x 0.9

33.2

2500 x 1250 x 2.5

63.9

2000 x 1000 x 1.0

16.4

3000 x 1500 x 2.5

92.1

2500 x 1250 x 1.0

25.6

2000 x 1000 x 3.0

49.6

3000 x 1500 x 1.0

36.8

2500 x 1250 x 3.0

77.5

2000 x 1000 x 1.2

19.6

3000 x 1500 x 3.0

2500 x 1250 x 1.2

30.7

112

Sheet 1.4301 (304) 2R (BA) Finish EN10088.2-95


Size
(mm)

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

Size
(mm)

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

2000 x 1000 x 0.5

8.2

2500 x 1250 x 1.0

25.6

2500 x 1250 x 0.5

12.8

2000 x 1000 x 1.2

19.6

2000 x 1000 x 0.7

11.5

2500 x 1250 x 1.2

30.7

2500 x 1250 x 0.7

17.9

2000 x 1000 x 1.5

24.6

2500 x 1250 x 0.8

20.5

2500 x 1250 x 1.5

38.4

2000 x 1000 x 0.9

14.7

2000 x 1000 x 2.0

32.7

2500 x 1250 x 0.9

23.0

2500 x 1250 x 2.0

51.2

2000 x 1000 x 1.0

16.4

Sheet 1.4401/1.4404 (316/316L) 2B Finish EN10088.2-95


Size
(mm)

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

Size
(mm)

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

2000 x 1000 x 0.7

11.5

3000 x 1500 x 1.5

55.3

2500 x 1250 x 0.7

17.9

2000 x 1000 x 2.0

32.7

2000 x 1000 x 0.9

14.7

2500 x 1250 x 2.0

51.2

2500 x 1250 x 0.9

23.0

3000 x 1500 x 2.0

73.7

2500 x 1250 x 1.0

25.6

2000 x 1000 x 2.5

40.9

2000 x 1000 x 1.2

19.6

2500 x 1250 x 2.5

63.9

2500 x 1250 x 1.2

30.7

3000 x 1500 x 2.5

92.1

3000 x 1500 x 1.2

44.2

2000 x 1000 x 3.0

49.6

2000 x 1000 x 1.5

24.6

2500 x 1250 x 3.0

2500 x 1250 x 1.5

38.4

3000 x 1500 x 3.0

77.5
112

ROLLED PRODUCTS (SHEET)

Sheet 1.4301 (304) Polished 240 grit, white poly coat EN10088.2-95
Size
(mm)

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

Size
(mm)

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

Size
(mm)

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

2000 x 1000 x 0.7

11.5

2500 x 1250 x 1.2

30.7

2000 x 1000 x 2.5

40.9

2500 x 1250 x 0.7

17.9

3000 x 1500 x 1.2

44.2

2500 x 1250 x 2.5

63.9

2000 x 1000 x 0.9

14.7

2000 x 1000 x 1.5

24.6

3000 x 1500 x 2.5

92.1

2500 x 1250 x 0.9

23.0

2500 x 1250 x 1.5

38.4

2000 x 1000 x 3.0

49.6

2000 x 1000 x 1.0

16.4

3000 x 1500 x 1.5

55.3

2500 x 1250 x 3.0

2500 x 1250 x 1.0

25.6

2000 x 1000 x 2.0

32.7

3000 x 1500 x 3.0

3000 x 1500 x 1.0

36.8

2500 x 1250 x 2.0

51.2

2000 x 1000 x 1.2

19.6

3000 x 1500 x 2.0

73.7

Sheet 1.4401/1.4404 (316/316L) Polished 240 grit, white poly coat EN10088.2-95
Size
(mm)

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

Size
(mm)

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

2500 x 1250 x 1.2

30.7

2500 x 1250 x 2.0

51.2

3000 x 1500 x 1.2

44.2

3000 x 1500 x 2.0

73.7

2500 x 1250 x 1.5

38.4

2500 x 1250 x 3.0

77.5

3000 x 1500 x 1.5

55.3

3000 x 1500 x 3.0

112

Sheet 1.4016 (430) Polished 240 grit, white poly coat EN10088.2-95
Size
(mm)

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

Size
(mm)

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

2000 x 1000 x 0.7

11.5

2500 x 1250 x 1.0

25.6

2500 x 1250 x 0.7

17.9

2000 x 1000 x 1.2

19.6

2000 x 1000 x 0.9

14.7

2500 x 1250 x 1.2

30.7

2500 x 1250 x 0.9

23.0

2000 x 1000 x 1.5

24.6

2000 x 1000 x 1.0

16.4

2500 x 1250 x 1.5

38.4

Sheet 1.4016 (430) 2R (BA) Finish EN10088.2-95


Size
(mm)

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

Size
(mm)

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

2000 x 1000 x 0.5

8.2

2500 x 1250 x 1.0

25.6

2500 x 1250 x 0.5

12.8

2000 x 1000 x 1.2

19.6

2000 x 1000 x 0.7

11.5

2500 x 1250 x 1.2

30.7

2500 x 1250 x 0.7

17.9

2000 x 1000 x 1.5

24.6

2500 x 1250 x 0.8

20.5

2500 x 1250 x 1.5

38.4

2000 x 1000 x 0.9

14.7

2000 x 1000 x 2.0

32.7

2500 x 1250 x 0.9

23.0

2500 x 1250 x 2.0

51.2

2000 x 1000 x 1.0

16.4

77.5
112

ROLLED PRODUCTS (SHEET & PLATE)

Plate/Sheet 1.4003 1D Finish EN10088.2-95


Size
(mm)

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

Size
(mm)

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

77.7

Size
(mm)

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

2000 x 1000 x 1.5 (2B)

24.9

2500 x 1250 x 3.0

2500 x 1250 x 1.5 (2B)

38.9

3000 x 1500 x 3.0

2000 x 1000 x 2.0

33.2

2000 x 1000 x 4.0

2500 x 1250 x 2.0

51.8

2500 x 1250 x 4.0

102

2500 x 1250 x 6.0

153

3000 x 1500 x 2.0

74.6

3000 x 1500 x 4.0

147

3000 x 1500 x 6.0

221

2000 x 1000 x 3.0

49.7

2000 x 1000 x 5.0

112
66.4

2500 x 1250 x 5.0

128

3000 x 1500 x 5.0

184

2000 x 1000 x 6.0

98.2

81.9

Plate: Cold Rolled, Descaled ASTM A240, ASME SA 240 Type 1.4307 (304L) and 1.4404 (316L)
EN10088.2-95
Size
(mm)

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

Size
(mm)

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

Size
(mm)

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

4000 x 2000 x 2.0

136.0

3000 x 1500 x 4.0

153.0

4000 x 2000 x 5.0

340.0

6000 x 2000 x 2.0

204.0

4000 x 2000 x 4.0

272.0

6000 x 2000 x 5.0

510.0

4000 x 2000 x 3.0

204.0

6000 x 2000 x 4.0

409.0

2500 x 1250 x 6.0

159.0

6000 x 2000 x 3.0

306.0

2500 x 1250 x 5.0

133.0

3000 x 1500 x 6.0

230.0

2500 x 1250 x 4.0

106.0

3000 x 1500 x 5.0

191.0

4000 x 2000 x 6.0

408.0

CPP Plate 1D Finish ASTM A240, ASME SA240: 304, 304L, 304H, 321, 316, 316L, 310, UNS31803
EN10088.2-95: 1.4301, 1.4307, 1.4541, 1.4401, 1.4404, 1.0095, 1.4462
Size
(mm)

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

Size
(mm)

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

Size
(mm)

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

2000 x 1000 x 3.0

51.0

2500 x 1250 x 6.0

159

6000 x 1500 x 10.0

765

2500 x 1250 x 3.0

79.7

3000 x 1500 x 6.0

230

6000 x 2000 x 10.0

1020

4000 x 2000 x 6.0

408

8000 x 2000 x 10.0

1360

6000 x 2000 x 6.0

612

2500 x 1250 x 12.0

319

3000 x 1500 x 3.0

115

2000 x 1000 x 4.0

68.0

2500 x 1250 x 4.0

106

2500 x 1250 x 8.0

213

3000 x 1500 x 12.0

459

3000 x 1500 x 4.0

153

3000 x 1500 x 8.0

306

4000 x 1500 x 12.0

612

2000 x 1000 x 5.0

4000 x 2000 x 8.0

544

4000 x 2000 x 12.0

816

2500 x 1250 x 5.0

133

85.0

6000 x 2000 x 8.0

816

6000 x 1500 x 12.0

918

3000 x 1500 x 5.0

191

2500 x 1250 x 10.0

266

6000 x 2000 x 12.0

1224

4000 x 2000 x 5.0

340

3000 x 1500 x 10.0

383

8000 x 2000 x 12.0

1632

6000 x 2000 x 5.0

510

4000 x 1500 x 10.0

510

2000 x 1000 x 6.0

102

4000 x 2000 x 10.0

680

Welded Mesh Type 304


Size
(mm)

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

Size
(mm)

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

96 x 48 x 1/2 x 1/2 x 16 swg

6.50

48 x 96 x 3 x 1/2 x 12 swg

11.00

96 x 48 x 3 x /2 x 10 swg

16.00

96 x 48 x 1 x 1 x 12 swg

9.50

96 x 48 x 3 x / x 12 swg

11.00

96 x 48 x 1 / x 1 / x 10 swg

9.00

96 x 48 x 1 x 1 x 10 swg

13.00

96 x 48 x 2 x 2 x 10 swg

7.00

48 x 96 x 3 x 1/2 x 10 swg

16.00

96 x 48 x 2 x 2 x 12 swg

5.00

1
1

ROLLED PRODUCTS (SHEET & PLATE)


Quarto Plate 1D Finish ASTM A240, ASME SA240: 304, 304L, 304H, 321, 316, 316L, 310, UNS31803
EN10088.2-95: 1.4301, 1.4307, 1.4541, 1.4401, 1.4404, 1.0095, 1.4462, BS1501 Pt3: 304S31,
304S11, 321S31, 316S31, 316S11, 310S16
Size
(mm)

Unit Weight
per square metre (Kg)

5
6
8
10
12
15
16
20

Size
(mm)

42.5
51.0
68.0
85.0
102
128
136
170

Unit Weight
per square metre (Kg)

22
25
30
32
35
40
45
50

Size
(mm)

187
213
255
272
298
340
383
426

Unit Weight
per square metre (Kg)

55
60
65
70
75
90
100
125

468
510
553
596
638
765
850
1063

Cold Rolled Tolerances (From EN 10259)


Thickness
T (mm)

Thickness Tolerance
+ or (mm) for given Width

T over

T less than

Up to 1000mm

0.5
0.6
0.8
1.0
1.2
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0

0.5
0.6
0.8
1.0
1.2
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0

0.04
0.045
0.05
0.055
0.06
0.07
0.08
0.09
0.11
0.13

Width Tolerance
-0mm / +mm as shown for given width

Over 1000mm

600mm to 1000mm

Over 1000mm

1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
2.0
2.0
3.0
4.0

2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.5
2.5
3.0
4.0

0.05
0.05
0.06
0.07
0.08
0.10
0.11
0.12
0.15

Length tolerance: 0 / 5mm for a 2 metre long sheet, -0 / + 7.5mm for a 3 metre long sheet, up to 0 / +25mm for a 10 metre long sheet

Hot Rolled Tolerances for Quarto Plate (From EN 10029)


Width (mm)

Width tolerance (mm)

Length (mm)

Length tolerance (mm)

600 to <2000
2000 to <3000
3000 + over

-0 / +20
-0 / +25
-0 / +30

<4000
4000 to <6000
6000 to <8000
8000 to <10000

-0
-0
-0
-0

Thickness

+20
+30
+40
+50

Thickness Tolerance (mm)


Class A

3.0 to 4.9
5.0 to 7.9
8.0 to 14.9
15.0 to 24.9
25.0 to 39.9
40.0 to 79.9
80.0 to 149.9
150 and over

/
/
/
/

+0.8
+1.1
+1.2
+1.3
+1.4
+1.8
+2.2
+2.4

/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/

-0.4
-0.4
-0.5
-0.6
-0.8
-1.0
-1.0
-1.2

Class B

+0.9
+1.2
+1.4
+1.6
+1.9
+2.5
+2.9
+3.3

/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/

Class C

-0.3
-0.3
-0.3
-0.3
-0.3
-0.3
-0.3
-0.3

+1.2
+1.5
+1.7
+1.9
+2.2
+2.8
+3.2
+3.6

/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/

Class D

-0
-0
-0
-0
-0
-0
-0
-0

+/- 0.6
+/- 0.75
+/- 0.85
+/- 0.95
+/- 1.1
+/- 1.4
+/- 1.6
+/- 1.8

Hot Rolled Tolerances for Plate from Coil (From EN 10051)


Width (mm)

Width tolerance (mm)

Length (mm)

Length tolerance (mm)

<1200
1200 to <1500
1500 + over

-0 / +3
-0 / +5
-0 / +6

<2000
2000 to <8000
8000 + over

-0 / +10
-0 / 0.005 x Length
-0 / 40

Thickness

Up to 2.0
2.01 to 2.5
2.51 to 3.0
3.01 to 4.0
4.01 to 5.0
5.01 to 6.0
6.01 to 8.0
8.01 to 10.0
10.01 to 12.5
12.51 to 15.0

Thickness Tolerance + or (mm) for given width in mm


Up to 1200

1200+ to 1500

1500+ to 1800

Over 1800

0.17
0.18
0.20
0.22
0.24
0.26
0.29
0.32
0.35
0.37

0.19
0.21
0.22
0.24
0.26
0.28
0.30
0.33
0.36
0.38

0.21
0.23
0.24
0.26
0.28
0.29
0.31
0.34
0.37
0.40

0.25
0.26
0.27
0.29
0.31
0.35
0.40
0.43
0.46

BAR & SECTIONS

Round 1.4305 (303S31) Bright drawn EN10088.3-95


Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

3mm

0.06

8mm

0.40

16mm

1.59

0.06

0.56

11

16

1.89

4mm

0.10

10mm

0.62

18mm

2.01

16

0.14

16

0.77

2.25

5mm

0.16

12mm

0.89

20mm

2.48

0.25

1.00

22mm

3.00

6mm

0.22

16

1.22

3.07

0.25

14mm

1.22

24mm

3.57

7mm

0.30

15mm

1.40

25mm

3.88

16

0.39

1.56

4.03

Round 1.4305 (303S31) Smooth Turned/Bright Ground EN10088.3-95


Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

9.93

214

20.3

25mm

3.88

40mm

4.03

1 8

10.6

60mm

22.3

118

5.07

134

12.2

238

22.6

30mm

5.58

45mm

2 2

25.0

114

6.25

178

14.1

258

27.6

1 8

7.57

50mm

15.5

2 4

30.3

35mm

7.60

16.0

36.0

112

9.01

218

18.1

Round 1.4305 (303S31) Rough Turned EN10088.3-95


Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

314

42.9

414

73.4

102

3 2

49.8

4 2

82.3

146

334

57.1

434

91.7

199

65.0

Round 1.4301/1.4307 (304/304L) Bright Drawn EN10088.3-95


Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

3mm

0.06

8mm

0.40

1.56

0.06

0.56

16mm

1.59

4mm

0.10

10mm

0.62

11

16

1.89

16

0.14

16

0.77

2.25

5mm

0.16

12mm

0.89

20mm

2.48

6mm

0.22

1.00

3.07

0.25

16

1.27

25mm

3.88

16

0.39

15mm

1.40

4.03

1
5

BAR & SECTIONS

Round 1.4301/1.4307 (304/304L) Smooth Turned EN10088.3-95


Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(mm)

25mm

3.88

112

9.01

214

20.3

4.03

40mm

9.93

60 mm

22.3

1 8

5.07

1 8

10.6

2 2

25.0

30mm

5.58

134

12.2

234

30.3

1 4

6.25

50 mm

15.5

36.0

138

7.57

16.0

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Round 1.4301/1.4307 (304/304L) Rough Turned EN10088.3-95


Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

36.0

534

134

329

31 4

42.9

146

10

406

31 2

49.8

614

33 4

57.1

612

65.0

634

285mm

512

414

73.4

199

12

585

82.3

185mm

216

340mm

728

712

229

14

796

16

1040

Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

412

172

102

514

110

260

512

123

812

294

1012

441

11

492

Round 1.4401/1.4404 (316/316L) Bright Drawn EN10088.3-95


Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

3mm

0.06

0.57

16mm

1.60

0.06

10mm

0.63

11

16

1.91

4mm

0.10

16

0.77

18mm

2.03

16

0.14

12mm

0.90

2.27

5mm

0.16

1.01

20mm

2.50

6mm

0.23

14mm

1.23

3.09

0.25

16

1.28

24mm

3.60

16

0.39

15mm

1.41

25mm

3.91

8mm

0.40

1.58

4.03

10

BAR & SECTIONS

Round 1.4401/1.4404 (316/316L) Smooth Turned/Bright Ground EN10088.3-95


Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(mm)

25mm

3.91

112

9.08

218

18.2

4.03

40mm

10.0

214

20.4

1 8

5.11

1 8

10.7

2 8

22.8

30mm

5.63

134

12.4

60mm

22.5

1 4

6.30

45mm

12.7

2 2

25.2

32mm

6.40

178

14.2

258

27.8

1 8

7.63

50mm

35mm

7.66

Weight
per metre (Kg)

15.6

2 4

30.5

16.1

36.3

Round 1.4401/1.4404 (316/316L) Rough Turned EN10088.3-95


Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

36.3

51 2

123

81 2

296

31 4

43.2

53 4

135

220mm

307

3 2

50.2

147

332

33 4

57.6

61 4

160

10

409

65.5

61 2

173

11

495

41 4

73.9

201

285mm

515

4 2

82.9

185mm

217

12

590

43 4

92.4

71 4

215

340mm

734

102

7 2

230

14

802

51 4

113

262

16

1049

Round 1.4005 (416S21 QT650) Bright Drawn/Smooth Turned EN10088.3-95


Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

0.24

16mm

1.59

35mm

7.60

6mm

0.22

2.19

1 2

8.78

16

0.38

20mm

2.48

40mm

9.93

8mm

0.40

2.99

1 4

11.9

0.55

25mm

3.88

50mm

15.50

10mm

0.60

3.90

15.6

16

0.75

118

4.94

214

19.8

12mm

0.89

30mm

5.58

2 2

24.4

0.98

114

6.10

234

29.5

1.53

1 8

7.38

35.1

1
5

11

BAR & SECTIONS

Duplex Round UNS31803/EN1.4462 Annealed/Smooth Turned EN10088.3-95


Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

4.03

16.0

36.0

11 4

6.26

214

20.3

31 4

42.3

1 2

9.07

2 2

25.0

100mm

62.0

23 4

30.3

13 4

12.3

Round 1.4057 (431S29 QT850) Drawn/Smooth Turned/Peeled EN10088.3-95


Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

6mm

0.22

2.19

13 4

11.9

8mm

0.40

20mm

2.42

45mm

12.2

0.24

2.99

50mm

15.50

16

0.38

25mm

3.78

15.6

0.55

3.90

21 4

19.8

10mm

0.60

1 8

4.94

23 8

22.0

16

0.75

30mm

5.58

2 2

24.4

12mm

0.87

11 4

6.10

25 8

26.9

0.98

1 8

16

1.23

35mm

1.53

16mm

1.55

1
5

1
9

7.38

2 4

29.5

7.60

35.1

11 2

8.78

31 4

41.2

40mm

9.93

31 2

47.8

Flat 1.4301/1.4307 (304/304L) & 1.4401/1.4404 (316/316L) hot rolled EN10088.3-95


Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

20 x 10

1.58

25 x 15

2.96

60 x 20

25 x 10

1.98

30 x 15

3.56

75 x 20

11.9

30 x 10

2.37

40 x 15

4.74

100 x 20

15.8

40 x 10

3.16

50 x 15

5.93

30 x 25

5.93

50 x 10

3.95

60 x 15

7.11

40 x 25

7.90

60 x 10

4.74

75 x 15

8.88

50 x 25

9.88

75 x 10

5.93

100 x 15

60 x 25

11.9

100 x 10

7.90

25 x 20

3.95

75 x 25

14.8

20 x 12

1.90

30 x 20

4.74

100 x 25

19.8

25 x 12

2.37

40 x 20

6.32

30 x 12

2.84

50 x 20

7.90

11.9

9.48

12

BAR & SECTIONS

Flat 1.4301 (304) 1.4404 (316L) Rolled Edge EN10088.3-95


Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

12 x 3

0.28

75 x 5

2.96

75 x 8

4.74

20 x 3

0.47

100 x 5

3.95

100 x 8

6.32

25 x 3

0.59

12 x 6

0.57

25 x 10

1.98

30 x 3

0.71

20 x 6

0.95

30 x 10

2.37

40 x 3

0.95

25 x 6

1.19

40 x 10

3.16

50 x 3

1.19

30 x 6

1.42

50 x 10

3.95

60 x 3

1.42

40 x 6

1.90

60 x 10

4.74

75 x 3

1.78

45 x 6

2.13

75 x 10

5.93

100 x 3

2.37

50 x 6

2.37

80 x 10

6.32

12 x 5

0.47

60 x 6

2.84

100 x 10

7.90

20 x 5

0.79

75 x 6

3.56

40 x 12

3.79

25 x 5

0.99

100 x 6

4.74

50 x 12

4.74

30 x 5

1.19

25 x 8

1.58

60 x 12

5.69

40 x 5

1.58

30 x 8

1.90

75 x 12

7.11

45 x 5

1.78

40 x 8

2.53

100 x 12

9.48

50 x 5

1.98

50 x 8

3.16

60 x 5

2.37

60 x 8

3.79

Hexagon 1.4305 (303S31) & 1.4404 (316L) EN10088.3-95


Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

.3125

0.43

.710

2.22

1.250

6.90

.324

0.46

.750

2.48

1.300

7.46

.375

0.62

.820

2.97

1.375

8.35

.437

0.84

.875

3.38

1.480

9.67

.500

1.10

.920

3.74

1.500

9.93

.525

1.22

.9375

3.88

1.670

12.3

.562

1.39

1.010

4.50

1.750

13.5

.600

1.59

1.100

5.35

1.860

15.3

.625

1.73

1.125

5.59

2.375

24.9

17mm

1.98

1.200

6.36

2.500

27.6

13

BAR & SECTIONS

Equal Angle 1.4301/1.4307 (304/304L) & 1.4401/1.4404 (316/316L) EN10088.3-95


Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

20 x 20 x 3

0.88

40 x 40 x 3

1.83

60 x 60 x 5

4.58

25 x 25 x 3

1.12

40 x 40 x 5

2.96

60 x 60 x 6

5.40

25 x 25 x 5

1.78

40 x 40 x 6

3.51

60 x 60 x 10

8.69

25 x 25 x 6

2.09

50 x 50 x 3

2.30

70 x 70 x 6

6.35

30 x 30 x 3

1.35

50 x 50 x 5

3.75

70 x 70 x 10

30 x 30 x 5

2.17

50 x 50 x 6

4.46

100 x 100 x 6

30 x 30 x 6

2.56

50 x 50 x 10

7.11

100 x 100 x 10

10.3
9.20
15.0

Square 1.4301/1.4307 (304/304L) & 1.4401/1.4404 (316/316L) EN10088.3-95


Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(mm)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

6x6

0.28

16 x 16

2.02

112 x 112

11.5

8x8

0.51

20 x 20

3.16

40 x 40

12.6

10 x 10

0.79

25 x 25

4.94

45 x 45

16.0

12 x 12

1.14

30 x 30

7.11

50 x 50

19.8

Hollow Bar 304S15 316S31


Aalco stock 160 sizes of hollow bar in the size range 32 x 20 to 190 x 132. For further information please
contact your local Aalco service centre.

14

PIPE

Seamless Pipe ASTM A312, 304L


WALL THICKNESS (mm)
NPS/NB
(in)

SCH
10S

SCH
40S

SCH
80S

0.088

0.119

0.065

0.091

0.083

0.109

0.147

0.113

0.154

1
3
1
3

0.109

0.133

0.179

114

0.109

0.140

0.191

1 2

0.109

0.145

0.200

0.109

0.154

0.218

2 2

0.203

0.120

0.216

0.120

0.237

0.134

0.258

0.134

0.280

0.432

0.148

0.322

0.500

Seamless Pipe ASTM A312, 316L


WALL THICKNESS (mm)
NPS/NB
(in)

SCH
10S

0.049

0.065

0.065

0.091

0.126

0.083

0.109

0.147

0.188

0.083

0.113

0.154

0.219

0.109

0.133

0.179

0.250

1
1
3
1

SCH
40S

SCH
80S

SCH
160

0.088

0.119

1 4

0.191

112

0.109

0.145

0.200

0.281

0.109

0.154

0.218

0.344

212

0.120

0.203

0.276

0.120

0.216

0.300

0.438

312

0.120

0.226

0.120

0.237

0.337

0.258

0.134

0.280

0.432

0.148

0.322

0.500

0.906

15

PIPE

Welded Pipe ASTM A312, 304L & 316L


ASTM A312, 304L

ASTM A312, 316L


WALL THICKNESS (mm)

WALL THICKNESS (mm)

NPS/NB
(in)

SCH
5S

SCH
10S

SCH
40S

NPS/NB
(in)

SCH
5S

SCH
10S

SCH
40S

0.065

0.083

0.109

0.065

0.083

0.109

0.065

0.083

0.113

0.065

0.083

0.113

0.065

0.109

0.133

0.065

0.109

0.133

1 4

0.065

0.109

0.140

1 4

0.109

0.140

112

0.109

0.145

112

0.065

0.109

0.145

0.065

0.109

0.154

0.065

0.109

0.154

212

0.083

0.120

0.203

212

0.083

0.120

0.203

0.083

0.120

0.216

0.083

0.120

0.216

312

0.120

0.226

312

0.083

0.120

0.226

0.083

0.120

0.237

0.083

0.120

0.237

0.134

0.258

0.134

0.258

0.109

0.134

0.280

0.109

0.134

0.280

0.109

0.148

0.322

0.109

0.148

0.322

10

0.134

0.165

0.365

10

0.134

0.165

0.365

12

0.156

0.180

0.375

12

0.156

0.180

0.375

14

0.188

14

0.188

16

0.188

16

0.188

18

0.188

18

0.188

20

0.218

20

0.218

24

0.250

24

0.250

Tolerances
Wall Thickness: The minimum wall thickness at any point shall not be more than 12.5% under the nominal
wall thickness specified.
Length (for cut lengths): -0/+6mm
Outside Diameter: -0.8mm (0.031) and plus the amount shown in the table.
Nominal Pipe Size (in)

8 to 112

112+ to 4

4+ to 8

8+ to 18

18+ to 26

26+ to 34

34+ to 48

Plus Tolerance (mm)

0.400

0.800

1.600

2.400

3.200

4.000

4.800

on O/D

0.015

0.031

0.062

0.093

0.125

0.156

0.187

(in)

16

PIPE

Pipe dimensions and weights per metre ANSI/ASME B36.19M-1985


1

Schedule 5S

Schedule 10S

Schedule 40S

Schedule 80S

Nominal
Pipe Size

OD

in

mm

in

mm

kg/m

in

mm

kg/m

in

mm

kg/m

in

mm

kg/m

0.405

10.3

0.049

1.24

0.28

0.068

1.73

0.37

0.095

2.41

0.47

0.540

13.7

0.065

1.65

0.49

0.088

2.24

0.63

0.119

3.02

0.80

0.675

17.1

0.065

1.65

0.63

0.091

2.31

0.84

0.126

3.20

1.10

0.840

21.3

0.065

1.65

0.80

0.083

2.11

1.00

0.109

2.77

1.27

0.147

3.73

1.62

1.050

26.7

0.065

1.65

1.03

0.083

2.11

1.28

0.113

2.87

1.69

0.154

3.91

2.20

1.315

33.4

0.065

1.65

1.30

0.109

2.77

2.09

0.133

3.38

2.50

0.179

4.55

3.24

1 4

1.660

42.2

0.065

1.65

1.65

0.109

2.77

2.70

0.140

3.56

3.39

0.191

4.85

4.47

112

1.900

48.3

0.065

1.65

1.91

0.109

2.77

3.11

0.145

3.68

4.05

0.200

5.08

5.41

8
4
8
2

2.375

60.3

0.065

1.65

2.40

0.109

2.77

3.93

0.154

3.91

5.44

0.218

5.54

7.48

212

2.875

73.0

0.083

2.11

3.69

0.120

3.05

5.26

0.203

5.16

8.63

0.276

7.01

11.41

3.500

88.9

0.083

2.11

4.51

0.120

3.05

6.45

0.216

5.49

11.29

0.300

7.62

15.27

312

4.000

101.6

0.083

2.11

5.18

0.120

3.05

7.40

0.226

5.74

13.57

0.318

8.08

18.63

4.500

114.3

0.083

2.11

5.84

0.120

3.05

8.36

0.237

6.02

16.07

0.337

8.56

22.32

5.563

141.3

0.109

2.77

9.47

0.134

3.40

11.57

0.258

6.55

21.77

0.375

9.53

30.97

6.625

168.3

0.109

2.77

11.32

0.134

3.40

13.84

0.280

7.11

28.26

0.432 10.97

42.56

8.625

219.1

0.109

2.77

14.79

0.148

3.76

19.96

0.322

8.18

42.55

0.500 12.70

64.64

10

10.750 273.1

0.134

3.40

22.63

0.165

4.19

27.78

0.365

9.27

60.31 0.500 12.70

96.012

12

12.750 323.9

0.156

3.96

31.25

0.180

4.57

36.00

0.375

9.53

14

14.000 355.6

0.156

3.96

34.36

0.1882 4.782 41.302

16

16.000 406.4

0.165

4.19

41.56

0.1882 4.782 47.292

73.88 0.500 12.70 132.082


2

18

18.000

457

0.165

4.19

46.81

0.188

53.26

20

20.000

508

0.188

4.78

59.25

0.2182 5.542 68.612

4.78

22

22.000

559

0.188

4.78

65.24

0.218

5.54

75.53

24

24.000

610

0.218

5.54

82.47

0.250

6.35

94.45

30

30.000

762

0.250

6.35 118.31 0.312

7.92 147.36

Notes
1

Schedules 5S and 10S wall thicknesses do not permit threading in accordance with ANSI/ASME B1.20.1.

These dimensions and weights do not conform to ANSI/ASME B36.10M.

The suffix S after the schedule number indicates that the pipe dimensions and weight are in compliance with this stainless steel pipe
specification, ANSI/ASME B36.19M-1985, and not the more general ANSI/ASME B36.10M-1995 specification.

Although this specification is applicable to stainless steel, quoted weights are for carbon steel pipe and should be multiplied by 1.014 for
austenitic and duplex steels, or by 0.985 for ferritic and martensitic steels.

17

BUTT WELD FITTINGS

Seamless Butt weld fittings ASTM A403, 316L


NPS/NB
(in)

90 LR ELBOWS

90 SR ELBOWS

45 LR ELBOWS

STUB
ENDS

SCH
10S

SCH
40S

SCH
80S

SCH
10S

SCH
40S

SCH
10S

SCH
40S

SCH
80S

SCH
10S

1 4

112

212

NPS/NB
(in)

EQUAL TEES

END CAPS

SCH
10S

SCH
40S

SCH
80S

SCH
10S

SCH
40S

114

112

2 2

18

BUTT WELD FITTINGS

Seamless Butt Weld Fittings ASTM A403, 316L


NPS/NB
(in)

CON RED

ECC RED

SCH
10S

SCH
40S

SCH
80S

SCH
10S

SCH
40S

1 x 12

1 x 34

114 x 1

112 x 12

112 x 1

112 x 114

2 x 2

2 x 34

2x1

2 x 112

RED TEE
SCH
80S

SCH
10S

SCH
40S

SCH
80S

2 2 x 1 2

212 x 2

3x1

3 x 112

3x2

3 x 212

4x2

4x3

6x3

6x4

19

BUTT WELD FITTINGS

Seamless Butt Weld Fittings ASTM A403, 304L


NPS/NB
(in)

90 LR ELBOWS

45 LR ELBOWS

EQUAL TEES

STUB
ENDS

END CAPS

SCH
10S

SCH
40S

SCH
80S

SCH
10S

SCH
40S

SCH
10S

SCH
10S

SCH
40S

SCH
80S

SCH
10S

SCH
40S

1
3

112

212

Seamless Butt Weld Fittings ASTM A403, 304L


NPS/NB
(in)

CON RED

ECC RED

RED TEE

SCH
10S

SCH
40S

SCH
80S

SCH
10S

SCH
40S

SCH
10S

SCH
40S

SCH
80S

1 x 12

1 x 34

1 4 x 1

112 x 12

112 x 1

2 x 34

2x1

2 x 112

2 2 x 2

3 x 112

3x2

3 x 212

4x2

4x3

6x3

6x4

20

BUTT WELD FITTINGS

Welded Butt Weld Fittings ASTM A403, 304L, 316L


NPS/NB
(in)

4 x 12
1 x 12
1 x 34
112 x 12
112 x 34
112 x 1
2 x 12
2 x 34
2 x1
2 x 112
212 x 2
3x1
3 x 112
3x2
3 x 212
4x2
4 x 212
4x3
5x4
6x3
6x4
8x4
8x6
10 x 6
10 x 8
12 x 8
12 x 10
3

CON RED

ECC RED

RED TEES

SCH
10S

SCH
40S

SCH
10S

SCH
40S

SCH
10S

SCH
40S

Welded Butt Weld Fittings ASTM A403, 304L, 316L


NPS/NB
(in)

90 LR ELBOWS

45 LR ELBOWS

EQUAL TEES

STUB
ENDS

SCH
10S

SCH
40S

SCH
10S

SCH
40S

SCH
10S

SCH
40S

SCH
10S

1 4

112

212

10

12

21

FLANGES

Flanges ASTM A182, ANSI B16.5


Type 304L
NPS/NB
(in)

Type 316L

150lb
RFWN
304L

2
4
1
112
2
212
3
4
6
8
10
12
1
3

150lb
RFWN
316L

SCH
10S

SCH
40S

SCH
10S

SCH
40S

SCH
10S

SCH
40S

Flanges ASTM A182, ANSI B16.5


NPS/NB
(in)

2
4
1
112
2
212
3
4
6
8
10
12
1
3

ATSM A182/ANSI B16.5

300lb
RFWN
316L

150lb RFSO
304L
316L

Type 304L & 316L

300lb RFSO
304L
316L

Produced with dimensions to ANSI


B16.5 from forgings to ASTM A182.

150lb RFB
304L
316L

300lb RFB
304L
316L

Flanges BS4504 1989


(in)

2
3
4
1
114
112
2
212
3
4
6
8
10
1

304L
316L
PN16/101 RF Slip On PN16/101 RF Slip On

316L
PN16/105 RF Blind

BS4504
This older standard is still commonly
used as it allows manufacture from
bar rather than forgings or plate

22

FLANGES

Plate or Table Flanges BS10 Table E 316L


(in)

Blind

Slip On

2
3
4
1
112
2
212
3
4
6
8

BS10 Table E 316L


Produced to BS10 drilled to suit
nominal bore pipe sizes or O/D tube
sizes. These are not produced from
forgings and are not pressure rated.
They are available in Grades 304,
304L, 316, 316L and 321 in sizes
1
2 NB to 6 NB. Larger sizes up to
24 NB can also be supplied.

Standard BS10 Flanges


Blind
D

E
T
P

Slip-on
E

D
B

T
P

Flanges General Information


A Flange is a method of connecting pipes, valves, pumps and other
equipment to form a pipework system. It also provides easy access for
cleaning, inspection or modification. Flanges are usually welded or
screwed into such systems and then joined with bolts.

Flange Types
Weld Neck
This flange is circumferentially welded into the system at its neck which means
that the integrity of the butt welded area can be easily examined by radiography.
The bores of both pipe and flange match, which reduces turbulence and erosion
inside the pipeline. The weld neck is therefore favoured in critical applications

Slip-on
This flange is slipped over the pipe and then fillet welded. Slip-on flanges are
easy to use in fabricated applications.

Blind
This flange is used to blank off pipelines, valves and pumps, it can also be used
as an inspection cover. It is sometimes referred to as a blanking flange.

Socket Weld
This flange is counter bored to accept the pipe before being fillet welded.
The bore of the pipe and flange are both the same therefore giving good flow
characteristics.

Threaded
This flange is referred to as either threaded or screwed. It is used to connect
other threaded components in low pressure, non-critical applications.
No welding is required.

Lap Joint
These flanges are always used with either a stub end or taft which is butt welded
to the pipe with the flange loose behind it. This means the stub end or taft
always makes the face. The lap joint is favoured in low pressure applications
because it is easily assembled and aligned. To reduce cost these flanges can be
supplied without a hub and/or in treated, coated carbon steel.

Ring Type Joint


This is a method of ensuring leak proof flange connection at high pressures.
A metal ring is compressed into a hexagonal groove on the face of the flange to
make the seal. This jointing method can be employed on Weld Neck, Slip-on and
Blind Flanges.

23

SEAMLESS TUBE

Seamless Tube ASTM A269, Type 316L


O/D
(in)

Wall
(swg) (in)

O/D
(in)

/8

24

18

/2

22

16

/2

20

14

/2

18

12

/2

16

10

/2

14

1 /4

16

11/4

14

/8

22

/8

20

/16

24

/16

22

/16

20

/16

18

/4

22

/4

20

3
3
3

1
1

Wall
(swg) (in)

20

1
3

O/D
(in)

/16

Wall
(swg) (in)

/2

/8

/8

20

1 /4

/8

18

1 /2

/8

16

11/2

/8

14

1 /4

/8

1
1

16

/4

18

/4

16

/16

22

/16

20

/16

18

/16

16

/8

22

/8

20

/8

16

/8

14

/8

16

20

5
5
5
5

3
3
3
3

/8

O/D
(mm)

/8

/8

/8

Wall
(mm)

O/D
(mm)

/8

16

13/4

/8

/4

20

/4

18

/4

16

21/2

/4

14

21/2

/4

12

16

10

/4

/8

Wall
(mm)

O/D
(mm)

/8
/4

16
/4

/4
/4

Wall
(mm)

0.5

14

1.5

25

1.5

1.0

14

2.0

25

2.0

1.5

15

1.0

25

2.5

1.0

15

1.5

25

3.0

1.5

15

2.0

30

1.5

10

1.0

16

1.5

30

2.0

10

1.5

16

2.0

30

3.0

10

2.0

18

1.5

38

3.0

12

1.0

20

1.5

38

4.0

12

1.5

20

2.0

12

2.0

22

1.5

24

SEAMLESS TUBE

Seamless Tube ASTM A269 Type 304L


O/D
(mm)

Wall
(mm)

O/D
(in)

Wall
(swg)

/8

24

/16

22

/4

20

/4

18

/4

16

/16

20

/8

20

/8

18

/8

16

1 /4

18

/2

18

16

/2

16

1.0

1.0

10

1.0

10

2.0

12

1.0

15

1.0

15

1.5

15

2.0

18

1.5

25

1.5

50

2.0

O/D
(in)

Wall
(swg)

/8

20

/8

18

/8

16

/4

20

/4

18

/4

16

/8

18

18

Standard Tolerances for welded and seamless cold finished tube (ASTM A 450/A 450M)
Variations in OD1
Outside Diameter
(OD)
in

mm

Under
in

Variation in tmin2
Over

mm

in

mm

Under

Over

Ovality3
(Thin wall tube only)
in

m
4

<1

<25.4

0.004

0.1

0.004

0.1

20

0.020

25.4

0.006

0.15

0.006

0.1

20

0.020

>1 to
11/2

>25.4 to
38.1

0.006

0.15

0.006

0.15

20

0.020

>11/2 to
<2

>38.1 to
<50.8

0.008

0.2

0.008

0.2

22

0.020

50.8

0.008

0.2

0.008

0.2

22

2.0% of OD

>2 to
21/2

>50.8 to
63.5

0.010

0.25

0.010

0.25

22

2.0% of OD

>21/2 to
3

>63.5 to
76.2

0.012

0.3

0.012

0.3

22

2.0% of OD

>3 to
4

>76.2 to
101.6

0.015

0.38

0.015

0.38

22

2.0% of OD

Notes
1 Includes ovality tolerance except for thin wall tube
2

tmin = minimum wall thickness

Ovality = Difference between maximum and minimum OD


Thin wall tube is defined as that with a wall thickness
t0.020 in (0.5 mm) for any OD,
or t2% of OD if OD 2 in (50.8 mm),
or t3% of OD if OD >2 in (50.8 mm)

Or 2.0% of OD, if this gives a larger tolerance value.

0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5

25

HYGIENIC TUBE & FITTINGS

Hygienic Tube
swg sizes shown are stocked in
grades 304/L and 316/L in descaled
and BA finish and with a polished
O/D. mm sizes available in 316L as
welded, unannealed in both descaled
finish and with a polished O/D.

ASTM A270

DIN 11850

O/D
(in)

Wall
(swg)

O/D
(in)

/4

16

16

11/2

16

11/2

1.5

16

1.5

21/2

16

21/2

1.5

16

1.5

16

2.0

14

Wall
(mm)

1.5

Hygienic (also sometimes called


Sanitary) Tubes and Fittings are
used in environments that require a
clean and sanitary flow of fluids.
Applications include food & drinks
processing, breweries, dairies and
pharmaceutical, medical & biotech
plant. All tubes are produced to
ASTM A270 in stainless steel grades
304 and 316, and are usually
supplied in the annealed condition.
Aalco offer three different external
surface finishes on the tubes:
Descaled, Dull Polished and SemiBright Polished. Bright Polished
can also be supplied if required.
Internally, tubes are bead rolled and
free from crevices and bug traps to
eliminate contamination and
facilitate easy cleaning.

If smaller sizes are required, Aalco


offer a range of cold drawn
seamless tubes with a hygienic bore.
For larger sizes, Aalco offer welded
tubes produced to DIN 2463. Aalco
can also supply Pharmaceutical
Quality tubing to ASME BPE 1997
with a highly polished internal
surface finish of <20 Ra and O.D.
surface finish of <30 Ra.
To complement the hygienic tubes,
Aalco supply a range of welding
fittings to BS4825, in grade 316
stainless steel. The fittings are
supplied with a similar finish to the
tubes with which they are intended
to mate. The range includes:
90 & 45 degree elbows
(1800 available upon request)
Concentric & eccentric reducers
Equal, pulled, reducing & swept
tees
Y-pieces and sprayballs.
Aalco also offer a range of Unions
with which to connect the various
tubes together. The most popular
types supplied include:
R.J.T. (Ring Joint Type): A sanitary
fitting, produced to BS 4825
Part 5, primarily used where
tubes are frequently disassembled
for cleaning.
I.D.F. (International Dairy
Federation): Produced to ISO 2853
and BS4825 Part 4. A crevice-free
fitting used where pipelines
remain permanently in place.

S.M.S. (Swedish Metric System):


A Scandinavian fitting used when
tubes require minimal dismantling.
DIN 11851: Popular throughout
Europe, these can be offered in
sizes compatible with metric and
imperial tubes.
DN: Danish Fittings.
S.R.J.T.: A modified RJT, normally
used with larger tubes.
Clamp: Popular in the U.S. and
increasingly so in Europe, the
clamp union offers a rapid, yet
leak-free method of assembling
and disassembling tubes without
the use of a tool.
All unions except for a clamp union
comprise four parts: a nut, male,
liner and seal. Clamp unions
comprise 2 ferrules, a clamp and a
seal. Blanks are available to suit
union parts if there is a requirement
to close off a pipeline.
To complement the range of
hygienic tube and fittings, Aalco
also supply a range of tube-fixings
with which to support pipe systems,
a range of flanges for connecting
tubes if sterility is less critical, and
a broad variety of actuated and
manual valves and plugcocks.
Fabrication facilities are available
to provide customers with nonstandard and bespoke items.

Hygienic Fittings Type 304L and 316L Sizes 1 to 4


RJT & DIN Hexagon Nuts
RJT & DIN Weld Liners
RJT & DIN Weld Males
RJT & DIN Joint Rings
RJT & DIN Weld Unions
RJT & DIN Blank Caps
RJT Hose Liners
RJT Blank Nut and Chain
IDF Hex Nuts

IDF Weld Liners


IDF Weld Males
IDF Joint Rings
IDF Weld Unions
ISO 90 Bends Polished
ISO 45 Bends Polished
ISO 90 Bends Descaled
ISO 45 Bends Descaled
Bends are available in long and short type

Equal Tee Polished


Equal Tee Descaled
Pulled Tee Polished
Pulled Tee Descaled
Pulled Red. Tee Polished
Pulled Red. Tee Descaled
Hinged Piped Clips

26

HIGH PURITY TUBE & FITTINGS

High Purity tube and fittings are


used in applications where noncontamination and absolute
cleanliness is essential. This includes
pharmaceutical production,
biotechnology and medical &
scientific laboratories as well as food
& drink processing.

All items are in type 316L only and


have been polished to give a high
quality, low roughness surface finish.
Aalco and the Amari group are sole
UK & Ireland distributors for the
EGMO range of high purity
products.

EGMO Limited is well established as


a leading international manufacturer
of high purity fittings for use in
critical applications.

Surface Finish
BPE Surface
Finish Designation

Surface
Finish Code

ID or Product Contact Surfaces


Max. Surface Roughness*

Mechanical Polish & Electropolishing where indicated

OD or Product
Noncontact Surface

SFF1

PC

20

Mechanical Polished

Unpolished

SFF4

PD

15

Mechanical Polished & Electropolished

Unpolished

SFF1

PL

20

Mechanical Polished

Mechanical Polished to 32 Ra

SFF4

PM

15

Mechanical Polished & Electropolished

Mechanical Polished to 32 Ra

PR

10

Mechanical Polished & Electropolished

Mechanical Polished to 32 Ra

*Numbers are in RA micro inches. To convert to R.M.S. finish multiply the RA numbers times 1.11 to get the equivalent R.M.S. number.

Tubing Dimensional Tolerances Tubing specifications, ASTM and Amari

Tubing
Diameter

Gauge
(wall
thickness)

/2

OD dimensional
specification

Length

Wall

ASTM
Spec.

Amari
Typical

ASTM
Spec.

ASTM
Spec.

Amari
Typical

16g
(.065 wall)

+.002/-.008

+.001/-.004

-0 +/1/8

+/-10%

+0/-3%

/4

16g
(.065 wall)

+.002/-.008

+.001/-.004

-0 +/1/8

+/-10%

+0/-3%

16g
(.065 wall)

+.002/-.008

+.001/-.004

-0 +/1/8

+/-10%

+0/-3%

11/2

16g
(.065 wall)

+.002/-.008

+.001/-.006

-0 +/1/8

+/-10%

+0/-3%

16g
(.065 wall)

+.002/-.011

+.001/-.007

-0 +/1/8

+/-10%

+0/-3%

21/2

16g
(.065 wall)

+.002/-.011

+.001/-.008

-0 +/1/8

+/-10%

+0/-3%

16g
(.065 wall)

+.003/-.012

+.001/-.009

-0 +/1/8

+/-10%

+0/-3%

14g
(.083 wall)

+.003/-.015

+.002/-.010

-0 +/1/8

+/-10%

+0/-3%

Standards:
ASTM A-270 316L
ASME B46.1 Surface Texture
ASME BPE 2002

Typical Amari Standard ID


Polish will result in a surface
finish of <20 Ra and OD Polish
will result in a surface finish of
<30 Ra, as laid down by ASME
BPE Table SF-2 SFT1.

27

HIGH PURITY TUBE & FITTINGS

EGMO bio-pharm fittings are


fabricated from stainless steel 316L
(1.4404) for sulphur corrosion
resistance, and for carbideprecipitates-free welds. To ensure
smooth automatic welding, weld-on
fittings are produced from special
316L, specified with a controlled
sulphur content of 0.005<S<0.017.

Only bright annealed sanitary


tubes are used, meeting ASTM
A-270/ASTM A-269 requirements
for minimal ovality. Fractional fittings
are produced from cold drawn
bright annealed seamless material.

Concentric Reducer

90 Bend

High Purity Fittings


Tolerances
Nominal OD Size

/2

/4

11/2

21/2

OD Tolerance

.005

.005

.005

.008

.008

.010

.010

.015

.030

Nominal Wall
Thickness

.065

.065

.065

.065

.065

.066

.065

.083

.109

Wall Thickness
Tolerance before EP

+.005-.008 +.005-.008 +.005-.008 +.005-.008 +.005-.008 +.005-.008 +.005-.008 +.008-.010 +.015-.015

Wall Thickness
Tolerance after EP

+.005-.010 +.005-.010 +.005-.010 +.005-.010 +.005-.010 +.005-.010 +.005-.010 +.008-.012 +.015-.017

Control Portion
Length

.750

.750

.750

.750

.750

.750

.750

.750

.750

Tangent Length

1.500

1.500

1.500

1.500

1.760

1.760

1.760

2.000

2.500

Squareness Face
to Tangent

.005

.005

.008

.008

.008

.010

.016

.016

.030

Off Angle

.014

.018

.025

.034

.043

.054

.068

.086

.135

Off Plane

.030

.030

.030

.050

.050

.050

.050

.060

.060

Product
BioPharm fittings are
produced to ASME BPE
1997 specifications.

Sizes
BioPharm fittings are
available in sizes 1/2
through 6.

Material
All fittings are
fabricated in 316L
Stainless Steel for
superior corrosion
resistance and low
carbide precipitation
at welds.

45 Bend

Blank Cap

Eccentric Reducers

Finish
A variety of
surface finishes
are available.

Tee

28

SCREWED FITTINGS

These are available in Grade 316


in the size range 1/8 NB to 4 NB
in two classifications:

Low Pressure

High Pressure

150lb standard screwed fittings are


manufactured to BS1740 with BSP
thread, male ends tapered and
female ends parallel.

2000lb, 3000lb, 6000lb screwed


fittings are manufactured to BS3799
with dimensions to ANSI B16.11
(except unions) from forgings
conforming to ASTM A182.
The standard thread is NPT.

90 Elbow

Equal Tee

Union

45 Elbow

Half Socket

Socket

Round Nut

Reducing Socket

Hexagon Nipple

Reducing Nipple

Equal Nipple

Cap

Barrel Nipple

Welding Nipple

Square Head Plug

Hexagon Head Plug

Round Head Plug

Reducing Bush

Hexagon Nut

Cross

29

SOCKET WELD FITTINGS

These are available in Grade 316


in the size range 1/8 NB to 4 NB
with pressure ratings 3000lb,
6000lb and 9000lb.

They are manufactured to BS3799


with dimensions to ANSI B16.11
(except unions) from forgings
conforming to ASTM A182.

90 Elbow

45 Elbow

Cross

Full Coupling

Reduced Coupling

Half Coupling

Equal Tee

Union

Cap

30

STRUCTURAL AND DECORATIVE TUBE

Round 304 Welded Mirror Polished


(in)

O/D
(mm)

Wall
(mm)

Weight per
metre (kg)

1.50

0.42

1.50

0.51

1.20

0.44

1.50

0.54

1.20

1.50

1.20

0.63

1.50

0.78

15
5
5
3
3
7
7

(in)

O/D
(mm)

Wall
(mm)

Weight per
metre (kg)

2.00

1.17

1.50

1.00

1.50

1.02

1.20

0.86

0.53

1 4

1.20

0.92

0.66

114

1.50

1.13

28
118
30

32
138

(in)

O/D
(mm)

40

3.00

2.79
1.62

50

2.50

2.99

50

3.00

3.54

1.20

1.49

1.50

1.85

2.00

1.51

2.00

2.40

1.20

1.02

3.00

7.43

2.00

1.01

38

2.00

1.81

1.50

0.88

38

3.00

2.64

212

25

2.00

1.15

112

1.20

1.11

25

3.00

1.66

112

1.50

1.38

75

1.20

0.73

1 2

2.00

1.81

1.50

0.90

Weight per
metre (kg)

1.50

134

25

Wall
(mm)

60.3

2.50

3.59

1.50

2.34

1.50

2.81

3.00

5.69

100

3.00

7.41

O/D
(in) (mm)

Wall
(mm)

Weight per
metre (kg)

2.00

2.40

3.00

7.43

2.50

3.59

Round 316 Welded Mirror Polished


O/D
(in)

Wall
(mm)

Weight per
metre (kg)

O/D
(in) (mm)

Wall
(mm)

Weight per
metre (kg)

1.50

0.90

2
2

1.50

0.42

1.20

0.44

2.00

1.17

1.50

0.54

114

1.50

1.13

1.20

0.53

1 2

1.50

1.38

2 2

1.50

2.34

1.50

0.66

112

3.00

2.64

1.50

2.81

1
5
5
3
3

60.3
1

1.20

0.63

50

2.5

2.99

3.00

5.52

1.50

0.78

50

3.0

3.55

3.00

7.42

1.20

0.73

1.50

1.85

Type 304 and 316 Handrail section, welded, unannealed, dull polished
O/D
(in)

Wall
(mm)

Weight per
metre (kg)

42.40 x

2.5

2.49

48.30 x

2.5

2.86

60.30 x

2.5

3.61

31

STRUCTURAL AND DECORATIVE TUBE

Square 304 Welded Dull Polished


Dimensions
(mm)

Wall
(mm)

Weight per
metre (kg)

Dimensions
(mm)

Wall
(mm)

Weight per
metre (kg)

Dimensions
(mm)

Wall
(mm)

Weight per
metre (kg)

12.7 x 12.7

1.50

0.55

30 x 30

3.00

2.72

70 x 70

3.00

6.53

15 x 15

1.20

0.53

38 x 38

1.50

1.75

70 x 70

4.00

8.45

15 x 15

1.50

0.65

38 x 38

2.00

2.31

70 x 70

5.00

20 x 20

1.20

0.71

38 x 38

3.00

3.51

80 x 80

2.00

4.98

20 x 20

1.50

0.88

40 x 40

1.20

1.49

80 x 80

3.00

7.53

20 x 20

2.00

1.19

40 x 40

1.50

1.85

80 x 80

4.00

9.81

25 x 25

1.20

0.92

40 x 40

2.00

2.45

80 x 80

5.00

25 x 25

1.50

1.14

40 x 40

3.00

3.75

100 x 100

2.00

25 x 25

2.00

1.49

50 x 50

1.50

2.32

100 x 100

3.00

9.53

25 x 25

3.00

2.20

50 x 50

2.00

3.08

100 x 100

5.00

15.30

30 x 30

1.20

1.10

50 x 50

3.00

4.65

120 x 120

3.00

11.8

30 x 30

1.50

1.37

60 x 60

2.00

3.71

150 x 150

5.00

23.0

30 x 30

2.00

1.84

60 x 60

3.00

5.49

Wall
(mm)

Weight per
metre (kg)

10.6

12.3
6.40

Square 304 Welded Unpolished


Dimensions
(mm)

Wall
(mm)

Weight per
metre (kg)

Dimensions
(mm)

Wall
(mm)

Weight per
metre (kg)

Dimensions
(mm)

40 x 40

4.00

4.80

100 x 100

4.00

12.4

150 x 150

4.00

18.6

50 x 50

4.00

5.96

100 x 100

5.00

15.3

150 x 150

5.00

23.0

50 x 50

5.00

7.41

100 x 100

6.00

17.5

150 x 150

6.00

31.2

60 x 60

5.00

8.90

120 x 120

5.00

18.0

80 x 80

4.00

9.81

120 x 120

10.0

36.0

Dimensions
(mm)

Wall
(mm)

Weight per
metre (kg)

Square 316 Welded Dull Polished


Dimensions
(mm)

Wall
(mm)

Weight per
metre (kg)

Dimensions
(mm)

Wall
(mm)

Weight per
metre (kg)

20 x 20

1.50

0.88

30 x 30

3.00

20 x 20

2.00

1.19

40 x 40

1.50

2.72

60 x 60

3.00

5.49

1.85

80 x 80

2.00

4.98

25 x 25

1.20

0.92

40 x 40

25 x 25

1.50

1.14

40 x 40

2.00

2.45

80 x 80

3.00

7.53

3.00

3.75

100 x 100

3.00

9.53

25 x 25

2.00

1.45

30 x 30

1.50

1.35

50 x 50

1.50

2.30

100 x 100

5.00

15.30

50 x 50

2.00

3.08

30 x 30

2.00

1.84

50 x 50

3.00

4.65

32

STRUCTURAL AND DECORATIVE TUBE

Square 316 Welded Unpolished


Dimensions
(mm)

Wall
(mm)

Weight per
metre (kg)

Dimensions
(mm)

Wall
(mm)

Weight per
metre (kg)

Dimensions
(mm)

Wall
(mm)

30 x 30

3.00

40 x 40

3.00

50 x 50

3.00

Weight per
metre (kg)

2.72

50 x 50

4.00

5.96

100 x 100

3.00

9.53

3.75

60 x 60

3.00

5.49

100 x 100

5.00

15.30

4.65

80 x 80

3.00

7.53

Square 430 Welded Dull Polished


Dimensions
(mm)

Wall
(mm)

Weight per
metre (kg)

Dimensions
(mm)

Wall
(mm)

Weight per
metre (kg)

25 x 25

1.20

25 x 25
30 x 30

Dimensions
(mm)

Wall
(mm)

Weight per
metre (kg)

0.92

30 x 30

1.50

1.37

32 x 32

1.50

1.47

1.50

1.14

32 x 32

1.20

1.20

1.10

1.20

40 x 40

1.50

1.85

Rectangular 304 Welded Dull Polished


Dimensions
(mm)

Wall
(mm)

Weight per
metre (kg)

Dimensions
(mm)

Wall
(mm)

Weight per
metre (kg)

Dimensions
(mm)

Wall
(mm)

Weight per
metre (kg)

20 x 10

1.50

0.44

50 x 30

2.00

2.40

80 x 60

2.00

4.38

30 x 10
30 x 15

1.20

0.71

50 x 30

1.50

0.76

50 x 40

3.00

3.61

80 x 60

3.00

6.53

3.00

4.08

100 x 40

1.50

3.29

30 x 20

1.50

1.14

40 x 15

1.50

1.25

60 x 20

1.50

1.85

100 x 40

3.00

6.53

60 x 30

1.50

2.09

100 x 50

2.00

4.68

40 x 20

1.20

40 x 20

1.50

1.10

60 x 30

2.00

2.80

100 x 50

3.00

6.95

1.37

60 x 30

3.00

4.13

100 x 60

3.00

7.53

40 x 20
50 x 25

2.00

1.84

60 x 40

1.50

2.32

120 x 40

3.00

7.43

1.20

1.41

60 x 40

2.00

3.08

120 x 60

3.00

8.12

50 x 25

1.50

1.75

60 x 40

3.00

4.65

120 x 80

3.00

9.53

50 x 25

2.00

2.31

80 x 40

1.50

2.80

150 x 100

5.00

18.80

50 x 25

3.00

3.75

80 x 40

2.00

3.71

50 x 30

1.50

1.85

80 x 40

3.00

5.49

33

STRUCTURAL AND DECORATIVE TUBE

Rectangular 304 Welded Unpolished


Dimensions
(mm)

Wall
(mm)

Weight per
metre (kg)

Dimensions
(mm)

Wall
(mm)

100 x 50

3.00

6.95

120 x 60

4.00

100 x 50

4.00

9.09

120 x 60

5.00

100 x 50

5.00

120 x 80

3.00

100 x 60

4.00

120 x 80

4.00

12.4

100 x 60

5.00

12.3

120 x 80

5.00

15.3

100 x 80

4.00

11.0

150 x 50

3.00

120 x 40

2.00

5.00

150 x 80

3.00

120 x 40

3.00

7.43

150 x 80

5.00

120 x 60

3.00

8.24

150 x 100

4.00

15.4

11.3
9.81

Weight per
metre (kg)

Dimensions
(mm)

Wall
(mm)

Weight per
metre (kg)

10.6

150 x 100

5.00

18.8

13.0

150 x 100

6.00

22.6

200 x 100

3.00

11.1

200 x 100

4.00

18.5

200 x 100

5.00

22.6

200 x 100

6.00

27.1

10.7

200 x 100

8.00

34.3

17.4

250 x 150

8.00

47.1

9.34

9.53

Rectangular 316 Welded Dull Polished


Dimensions
(mm)

Wall
(mm)

Weight per
metre (kg)

Dimensions
(mm)

Wall
(mm)

Weight per
metre (kg)

Dimensions
(mm)

Wall
(mm)

Weight per
metre (kg)

30 x 15

1.50

0.76

60 x 30

1.50

2.12

100 x 50

2.00

4.61

40 x 20
40 x 20

1.50

1.35

60 x 40

2.00

3.08

100 x 50

3.00

6.83

2.00

1.84

80 x 40

2.00

4.98

120 x 80

3.00

9.53

50 x 25

1.50

1.75

80 x 40

3.00

5.49

120 x 80

4.00

50 x 30

2.00

2.45

12.4

Rectangular 316 Welded Unpolished


Dimensions
(mm)

Wall
(mm)

Weight per
metre (kg)

Dimensions
(mm)

Wall
(mm)

Weight per
metre (kg)

Dimensions
(mm)

Wall
(mm)

Weight per
metre (kg)

60 x 40

2.00

3.08

100 x 60

2.00

4.98

120 x 80

4.00

12.4

60 x 40

3.00

4.65

100 x 60

4.00

9.81

150 x 100

6.00

22.6

60 x 40

4.00

5.60

120 x 80

3.00

9.53

160 x 80

3.00

11.1

100 x 50

4.00

9.09

34

There are five classes of stainless


steel: Martensitic, Ferritic, Austenitic,
Duplex and Precipitation Hardening.
Martensitic types may be
strengthened and hardened by heat
treatment, but the Ferritic steels,
which in general have lower carbon
and higher Chromium contents, do
not respond in this way.
Ferritic stainless steels contain
chromium usually in the range
11 to 18%. They are magnetic,
have moderate corrosion resistance
and are not susceptible to stress
corrosion. Austenitic stainless steels
contain nickel as well as chromium,
and are sometimes referred to by
the generic title 18/8, i.e. 18%
chromium, 8% nickel, although the
actual composition may vary widely
from these figures. They are nonmagnetic and cannot be hardened
by heat treatment, although they
strain harden rapidly when cold
worked.
All stainless steels except hardened
Martensitic steels are ductile and
therefore can be formed, but the
Austenitic types are outstanding in
this respect. They are also amongst
the most highly corrosion-resistant
materials available to the designer
and engineer. Duplex stainless steels
combine the optimum properties
of austenitic and ferritic types.
They contain 18 - 26% chromium
plus 4.5 to 6.5% nickel and have
good resistance to stress corrosion
cracking. Precipitation hardening
stainless steels may be martensitic,
semi-austenitic or austenitic.
They combine the heat treatability
of normal martensitic grades
with the corrosion resistance of
austenitics. They are available in bar
form for the production of heavy
duty engineering components.

Specifying finishes for


stainless steel flat
products (sheet and plate)
Introduction
Surface finishes for stainless steel
sheet (coil, strip) and plates, are
specified in EN 10088-2:1995.
'Stainless steels Technical delivery
conditions for sheet/plate and strip
for general purposes.
The standard identifies both ex-mill
hot and cold rolled finishes and
special finishes, as value added
finishes to achieve specific aesthetic
effects.
Most of the finishes available have
a surface that provides a high
standard of corrosion resistance, up
to the limit of the compositional
potential of the particular grade.
The coarser finishes may limit the
corrosion resistance of the steel in
severe applications, where the
particular grade is operating in
conditions close to the limit of its
corrosion resistance.
In numeric or quantitative terms this
is very difficult to define and is often
a matter of judgement.

EN 10088-2 surface finishes


Table 6 of EN 10088-2 defines
finishes for both
Ex-mill Hot Rolled Finishes (1)
Ex-mill Cold Rolled Finishes (2)
Special Finishes
The definitions of surface finish do
not attempt to express surface finish
in terms of the surface topography
achieved in terms of Ra values.
The standard uses a coding system
based on the manufacturing
process.
A full definition is shown in the
standard, with appropriate notes in
terms of:
Type of process route
Surface finish
To precisely define a special finish
for a particular application where a
specific aesthetic texture or
appearance is required usually
involves close consultation with
specialist finishers, as surface
characteristics can vary.
Once the grade of finishing grit has
been defined, the final acceptance
of special finishes is often done by
using reference 'swatch' samples.

35

Ex-mill hot rolled finishes


Finishing Process Route

Notes

Market Terms

1D

Hot rolled, heat treated, pickled

Most common hot rolled finish available. Most corrosion resistant


hot rolled finish specified.

Softened and
descaled

1C.

Hot rolled, heat treated, not descaled

Surface covered with mill scale. Finished parts may be suitable for heat
(oxidation) resisting applications as supplied, but should be descaled to
optimise corrosion resistance.

Not commonly
used

1E

Hot rolled, heat treated, mechanically


descaled

Free of mill scale by shot blasting or grinding. This finish can also limit
the crevice corrosion resistance.

Not commonly
used

Finishing Process Route

Notes

Market Terms

Cold rolled, heat treated, pickled,


skin passed

Most common cold rolled finish available. Non-reflective, smooth finish,


good flatness control. Thickness range limited by manufactures' skin passing
rolling capacity.

2B

2D

Cold rolled, heat treated, pickled

Thicker sheet size ranges. Smoothness not as good as 2B, but adequate
for most purposes.

2R

Cold rolled, bright annealed (BA)

Highly reflective 'mirror' finish, very smooth. Often supplied with plastic
coatings for pressings. Manufactured items usually put into service without
further finishing.

BA

Ex-mill cold rolled finishes

2B

2D

2H

Cold rolled, work hardened

'Temper' rolling on austenitic types improves mechanical strength.


Smoothness similar to 2B.

Not commonly
used

2Q

Cold rolled, hardened and tempered,


scale free

Only available on martensitic types (eg 420). Scaling avoided by protective


atmosphere heat treatment or descaling after heat treatment.

Not commonly
used

Aalco finishes
Product

Name of Finish

Sheet, Plate, Tube

Dull polished, 180 grit

Sheet, Plate, Tube

Dull polished, 240 grit

Sheet and Tube

Polished, 320 grit

Sheet and Tube

Optisheen polish, Satin polish plus variants

Sheet and Tube

Bright polish

Sheet and Tube

Mirror polish

Note: Finishes can be subjective and agreement between Aalco and the customer is needed, often by using samples.

36

STAINLESS STEEL GRADES

EN

BS

AISI

Obsolete
En No.

Composition Guide
C

Cr

Ni

Mo

Typical Mechanical Properties (Rolled Products)


Others

Proof Strength
0.2% Nmm2

Tensile Strength
Nmm2

Elongation
%

1.4000

403S17

410S

0.08x

12

220-250

400-600

19

1.4002

405S17

405

0.08x

12

0.2 Al

210-250

400-600

17

1.4003

0.03x

11

0.5

250-320

450-650

18-20

1.4016

430S17

430

60

0.08x

17

240-280

430-630

18-20

260-280

450-630

18

230-240

420-600

23

1.4113

434S17

434

0.08x

17

1.4509

0.015x

18

Nb, Ti

1.4510

430Ti

0.05x

17

0.6 Ti

1.4511

430Nb

0.05x

17

0.6Nb

230-240

420-600

23

1.4512

409S19

409

0.03x

11

0.5 Ti

210-220

380-560

25

1.4521

(444)

0.025x

17

0.6 Ti

1.4006

410S21

410

56A

.08-.15

12

400-450

550-850

12-20

1.4005

416S21

416

56AM

.08-.15

12

.35xS

450

650-850

12

1.4021

420S29

420

56B

.16-.25

12

450-550

650-950

10-15

1.4028

420S45

420

56D

.26-.35

12

600

740-1000

10-15

1.4029

416S37

416

56CM

.25-.32

12

.35xS

1.4057

431S29

431

57

.12-.22

15

1.4104

416S29

416

56BM

.10-.17

16

0.4

.35xS

1.4112

440B

.85-.95

17

1.0

0.1V

1.4125

440C

.95-1.2

17

0.6

1.4594

460S52

0.7x

14

1.5

1.5Cu

500

650-850

10

900 max

12

900 max

12

700-1000

930-1270

10

1.4749

446

.15-.20

26

0.2N

1.4301

304S31

304

58E

0.07x

18

210-260

520-750

45

1.4303

305S19

305

0.06x

18

11

200-250

500-650

45

1.4305

303S31

303

58M

0.10x

18

0.35xS

190-230

500-700

35

1.4306

304L

0.030x

18

10

200-250

500-670

45

1.4307

304S11

304L

0.030x

18

200-250

500-670

45

1.4310

301S21

301

0.05/0.15 17

250-280

600-950

40

1.4311

304S61

304LN

0.030x

18

0.22xN

270-320

550-750

40

1.4372

201

0.15x

17

4.5

6.5Mn

330-380

750-950

40

1.4401

316S31

316

58J

0.07x

17

11

220-270

520-680

40

1.4404

316S11

316L

0.030x

17

11

220-270

520-680

40

1.4406

316S61

316LN

0.030x

17

11

0.22xN

280-330

580-780

40

1.4432

316S13

316L

0.030x

17

11

2.5

220-270

520-700

40

1.4435

316S13

316L

0.030x

17

13

2.5

220-270

520-700

40

1.4436

316S33

316

58J

0.05

17

11

2.5

220-270

500-730

40

1.4438

317S12

317L

0.030x

18

13

220-270

520-720

35

1.4439

0.030x

17

13

0.22xN

270-320

580-780

35

1.4541

321S31

321

58B

0.08x

18

0.5Ti

200-250

500-720

40

1.4550

347S31

347

58F

0.08x

18

0.5Nb

200-250

500-720

40

1.4567

394S17

304Cu

0.04x

18

4xCu

1.4571

320S31

(316Ti)

0.08x

17

11

0.5Ti

220-270

520-690

40

1.4539

904S13

0.020x

19

24

2xCu

220-270

520-730

35

1.4547

0.020x

20

18

1xCu

300-350

650-850

35

1.4529

0.020x

19

24

1.5xCu

300-340

650-850

40

1.4833

309S16

309

0.15x

22

12

1.4841

314

0.20x

25

20

2.0Si

1.4845

310S24

310

0.10x

25

20

1.4878

321S51

321H

0.10x

18

0.6Ti

37

SELECTION GUIDE

Type

Description

Typical Usage

Martensitic Stainless Steel: Magnetic. Moderate corrosion resistance. Non-formable, poor ductility. Poor weldability.
Hardenable by heat treatment. Generally a bar specification
410

12% chromium.

416

Free machining form of 410.


Sulphur bearing. Available in bar form only.

420

Heat resistant.

431

17% chromium. 21 2% nickel. Available in bar form only.

Pump and gas turbine parts,


general engineering
Knife blades, valves.

Ferritic Stainless Steel: Magnetic. Chromium steels. Immune to chloride stress corrosion cracking. Good formability and
ductility. Weldability reasonable in thin sections but poor in thicker sections. Moderate to good
corrosion resistance. Cannot be hardened by heat treatment. Used in the annealed condition.
Generally a rolled flat and tube product.
430

17% chromium.

Sinks, decoration, automotive trim,


washing machine drums.

434

17% chromium, 1% molybdenum. Resistant to atmospheric


and pitting corrosion.

Automotive trim below the waist


and wiper blades.

409

12% chromium plus titanium. Weldable up to 2.5mm thick.

Automotive exhaust systems.

4003

Modified form of 409 weldable in heavy section.

Structural, bulk handling chutes and


hoppers, bulk railway wagons,
transport, mining.

Austenitic Stainless Steel: Non magnetic. Chromium/Nickel steels. Easily fabricated and formed. Excellent weldability.
Excellent corrosion resistance. Cannot be hardened by heat treatment. Can be hardened by
cold working. Normally used in the annealed condition. Suitable at high and low temperatures.
Sheet, plate, bar and tube products.
301

17% chromium, 7% nickel.


High work hardening rate. Formability.

Structural, springs, wheel covers,


wear plates.

302

18% chromium, 9% nickel. Good formability.

Similar to 304.

303

Free machining form of 302.


Available in bar form only.

304

18% chromium, 9% nickel. Good formability.

Sinks, architecture, automotive exhausts,


cutlery, holloware and flatware,
water tubing.

304L

Low carbon form of 304.

Brewery, dairy, food and pharmaceutical


production plant.

304DDQ

Deep drawing quality 304.

Sinks, holloware.

305

18% chromium, 12% nickel. Good formability.

Eyelets, spun parts.

309

23% chromium, 14% nickel. High oxidation resistance.

Similar to 310.

310

25% chromium, 20% nickel.


Very high oxidation resistance.

Furnaces, heat exchangers, metallurgical


plant. Service temp. up to 1100C.

316

17% chromium, 11% nickel, 2.5% molybdenum.


High corrosion resistance.

316L

Low carbon form of 316.

316Ti

316 with addition of titanium to improve high-temperature


properties and weldability.

Chemical and petrochemical process plant


architecture, brewery plant.

317

Higher corrosion and creep resistance than 316.

317L

Low carbon version of 317 for improved weldability.

321

18% chromium, 10% nickel plus titanium.

325

Free machining form of 321.


Sulphur bearing. Available in bar form only.

347

18% chromium, 10% nickel plus niobium.


Resistant to sensitisation and hot concentrated nitric acid.

Chemical and petrochemical process plant

Chemical and petrochemical process plant


Heating elements, aircraft parts, chemical
and petrochemical process plant.

Process plant, aircraft parts.

Influence of an alloy element on:

Cr

Ni

Mn

Si

Cu

Mo

Se

Ti or Nb

Corrosion Resistance

Mechanical Properties

Resistance to High Temperature

Machinability

Weldability

Cold Workability

Beneficial

Detrimental

38

ALUMINIUM EXTRUSIONS

Aluminium is the worlds most


abundant metal and is the third
most common element comprising
8% of the earths crust. Its
incredible versatility makes
aluminium the most widely used
metal after steel, with world
production around 20 million
tonnes per annum. The versatility
stems from a unique combination of
properties that combine lightness,
strength, durability and corrosion
resistance with good thermal and
electrical conductivity. A wide range
of alloys is available to exploit these
properties to the full.
Aalco stocks all of the commonly
required forms of aluminium
including sheet, coil, strip, plate,
shate, treadplate, patterned sheet,
tube, bar, sections and freemachining rod. In addition to a
comprehensive range of standard
shapes and sizes, Aalco branches
stock industry specific items and
customer specials with numerous
specialist products and alloys
satisfying the needs of a broad
range of industries. Aalco also
provides a complete range of
processing services spanning:
bar, tube & pipe cutting; plate
processing; coil processing and
surface finishing.

Round Bar
Dia
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

4
16
3
8
7
16
1
2
9
16
5
8
16mm
11
16
3
4
20mm
13
16
7
8
1
118
114
1516
138
35mm
1716
112
158
134
178
2
218
214
238
212

0.09
0.13
0.19
0.26
0.34
0.43
0.54
0.54
0.65
0.77
0.85
0.91
1.05
1.37
1.74
2.15
2.37
2.60
2.61
2.84
3.09
3.63
4.21
4.83
5.49
6.20
6.95
7.75
8.58

1
5

Dia
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

258
234
3
314
312
334
4
414
412
434
5
514
512
534
6
612
7
714
712
8
812
9
912
10
12
13
14
15
16

9.46
10.4
12.4
14.5
16.8
19.3
22.0
24.8
27.8
31.0
34.3
37.8
41.5
45.4
49.4
58.0
67.3
72.2
77.2
87.9
99.2
111
124
137
198
232
269
309
352

Machining
We stock aluminium round bar in three machining alloys:
Alloy 6082 T6 Machines well and, with chip breakers, produces swarf
in short tight coils.
Alloy 2011 T3/T6 Often referred to as FMA (Free Machining Alloy),
this is produced especially for use on automatic lathes. It offers
exceptional machinability at high speeds and forms fine chips which
are easily removed. It is particularly suitable for components with
complex, detailed or extensive machining and can often replace free
machining brass without tool changes.

All products supplied conform to


the relevant EN/BS, ISO standards.

Alloy 6262 T9 This may be used in place of Alloy 2011 in applications


requiring higher corrosion resistance and better anodising response.
It has excellent machinability and surface finishing characteristics.

Square Bar Alloy 6082-T6


Size
(in)

4
16
3
8
1
2
5
8
3
4
7
8
1
1
5

Weight
per metre (Kg)

0.11
0.17
0.25
0.44
0.68
0.98
1.34
1.75

Size
(in)

114
112
134
2
212
3
312
4

Weight
per metre (Kg)

2.73
3.93
5.35
6.99
10.9
15.7
21.4
28.0

39

ALUMINIUM EXTRUSIONS

Box Section Square 6063-T6 or 6082-T6


Size
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

2 x 12 x 16 swg

0.20

112 x 112 x16 swg

0.64

2 x 2 x 14

3.06

4 x 34 x 16 swg

0.31

112 x 112 x10 swg

1.23

212 x 212 x10 swg

2.12

1 x 1 x 16 swg

0.42

134 x 134 x10 swg

1.45

3 x 3 x10 swg

2.57

1 x 1 x 10 swg

0.78

2 x 2 x16 swg

0.87

4 x 4 x10 swg

3.47

1 4 x 1 4 x16 swg

0.53

2 x 2 x 10 swg

1.68

4 x 4 x 4

6.56

114 x 114 x10 swg

1.00

Box Section Rectangular Alloy 6063-T6 or 6082-T6


Size
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

112 x 34 x16 swg

0.48

3 x 1 x10 swg

1.67

4 x 134 x10 swg

2.45

1 2 x 1 x 16

0.52

3 x 1 2 x10 swg

1.90

4 x 2 x10 swg

2.56

112 x 1 x10 swg

1.00

3 x 134 x10 swg

2.01

6 x 2 x10 swg

3.40

2 x 1 x10 swg

1.22

3 x 2 x10 swg

2.11

6 x 3 x 8

2 x 112 x10 swg

1.34

4 x 1 x10 swg

2.12

10.8

Channel Available in one or more of the following alloys 6082-T6, 6063-T6, 6063A-T6
Size
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

8 x 38 x 116

0.11

114 x 114 x 316

1.10

2 x 2 x 316

2 x 2 x 16

0.14

1 4 x 1 4 x 4

1.41

2 x 2 x 14

2 x 2 x 8

0.27

1 2 x 2 x 8

0.49

2 4 x 1 4 x 16

1.43

8 x 58 x 116

0.19

112 x 34 x 18

0.60

212 x 1 x 18

0.93

8 x 8 x 8

0.36

1 2 x 1 x 8

0.71

2 2 x 1 4 x 16

1.52

4 x 12 x 18

0.44

112 x 112 x 116

0.49

3 x 1 x 18

1.04

4 x 4 x 16

0.24

1 2 x 1 2 x 8

0.98

3 x 1 2 x 8

1.26

4 x 34 x 18

0.49

112 x 112 x 316

1.36

3 x 112 x 316

3
1

5
5

3
3

1.83
2.40
3

1.84

8 x 8 x 8

0.52

1 2 x 1 2 x 4

1.74

3 x 1 2 x 4 x 16

2.66

1 x 12 x 18

0.38

134 x 1 x 18

0.76

3 x 2 x 18

1.48

1 x 4 x 8

0.49

1 4 x 1 4 x 8

1.09

3 x 2 x 16

2.17

1 x 1 x 116

0.31

134 x 134 x 14

2.07

3 x 2 x 14

1 x 1 x 8

0.60

2 x 2 x 8

0.60

3 2 x 1 2 x 4 x 16

2.90

1 x 1 x 316

0.86

2 x 34 x 18

0.71

4 x 2 x 18

1.69

1 x 1 x 4

1.10

2 x 1 x 8

0.82

4 x 2 x 4 x 16

3.66

118 x 118 x 18

0.68

2 x 1 x 316

1.22

5 x 2 x 14 x 516

4.24

1 4 x 2 x 8

0.44

2 x 1 x 4

1.52

6 x 2 x 4 x 16

4.53

114 x 34 x 18

0.55

2 x 112 x 18

1.03

6 x 3 x 14 x 38

6.23

1 4 x 1 x 8

0.66

2 x 1 2 x 4

1.97

6 x 3 x 8 x 2

114 x 114 x 116

0.39

2 x 2 x 116

0.64

8 x 3 x 38 x 12

114 x 114 x 18

0.76

2 x 2 x 18

1.26

Dimensions are in the order: base x leg x base thickness x leg thickness

2.84
1

9.78
11.5

40

ALUMINIUM EXTRUSIONS

Tee Section Alloy 6082-T6 or 6063A-T6


Size
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

4 x 34 x 18

0.30

112 x 112 x 316

0.92

2 x 2 x 316

1.25

1 x 1 x 18

0.41

112 x 112 x 14

1.20

2 x 2 x 14

1.64

1 4 x 1 4 x 8

0.52

2 x 1 x 8

0.63

3 x 3 x 4

2.51

112 x 112 x 18

0.63

2 x 2 x 18

0.85

Dimensions are in the order: cross piece x upright x thickness

Equal Angle Available in one or more of the following alloys 6082-T6, 6063-T6, 6063A-T6
Size
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

2 x 12 x 116

0.10

114 x 114 x 316

0.76

2 x 2 x 14

2 x 2 x 8

0.19

1 4 x 1 4 x 4

0.98

2 x 2 x 38

8 x 8 x 16

0.13

1 2 x 1 2 x 16

0.32

2 2 x 2 2 x 8

1.06

8 x 58 x 18

0.25

112 x 112 x 18

0.63

212 x 212 x 316

1.58

4 x 4 x 16

0.16

1 2 x 1 2 x 16

0.92

2 2 x 2 2 x 4

2.08

4 x 34 x 18

0.30

112 x 112 x 14

1.20

3 x 3 x 18

1.28

1
1

5
3

1.64
2.38
1

8 x 8 x 8

0.36

1 4 x 1 4 x 8

0.74

3 x 3 x 16

1.91

1 x 1 x 116

0.21

134 x 134 x 316

1.09

3 x 3 x 14

2.51

1 x 1 x 8

0.41

1 4 x 1 4 x 4

1.42

3 x 3 x 8

3.69

1 x 1 x 316

0.59

2 x 2 x 116

0.43

4 x 4 x 14

3.39

1 x 1 x 4

0.76

2 x 2 x 8

0.85

4 x 4 x 8

114 x 114 x 116

0.27

2 x 2 x 316

1.25

6 x 6 x 12

114 x 114 x 18

0.52

5.00

10.0

Unequal Angle Available in one or more of the following alloys 6082-T6, 6063-T6, 6063A-T6
Size
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

4 x 12 x 116

0.13

134 x 1 x 18

0.57

3 x 1 x 18

0.85

4 x 2 x 8

0.25

2 x 2 x 8

0.52

3 x 1 x 4

1.64

1 x 12 x 116

0.15

2 x 34 x 18

0.57

3 x 112 x 18

0.96

1 x 2 x 8

0.30

2 x 1 x 8

0.63

3 x 1 2 x 16

1.40

1 x 58 x 18

0.33

2 x 1 x 316

0.92

3 x 112 x 14

1.86

1 x 4 x 16

0.18

2 x 1 x 4

1.20

3 x 2 x 8

1.07

1 x 34 x 18

0.36

2 x 112 x 18

0.74

3 x 2 x 316

1.58

1 4 x 2 x 8

0.36

2 x 1 2 x 16

1.09

3 x 2 x 4

2.08

114 x 34 x 18

0.41

2 x 112 x 14

1.42

4 x 1 x 18

1.06

1 4 x 1 x 8

0.47

2 2 x 1 x 8

0.73

4 x 2 x 8

1.28

112 x 12 x 18

0.41

212 x 112 x 18

0.85

4 x 2 x 14

2.51

1 2 x 4 x 8

0.46

2 2 x 1 2 x 16

1.25

4 x 3 x 4

2.95

112 x 1 x 18

0.52

212 x 112 x 14

1.64

6 x 3 x 38

5.63

1 4 x 4 x 8

0.52

41

ALUMINIUM EXTRUSIONS

Flat Bar Alloy 6082-T6 or 6063-T6/6063A-T6


Size
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

8 x 14
2 x 18
1
2 x 316
1
2 x 14
1
2 x 38
5
8 x 18
5
8 x 316
5
8 x 14
5
8 x 38
5
8 x 12
3
4 x 116
3
4 x 18
3
4 x 316
3
4 x 14
3
4 x 38
3
4 x 12
3
4 x 58
7
8 x 18
1 x 116
1 x 18
1 x 316
1 x 14
1 x 516
1 x 38
1 x 12
1 x 58
1 x 34
114 x 18
114 x 316
114 x 14
114 x 38
114 x 12
3
1

0.16
0.11
0.16
0.22
0.33
0.14
0.20
0.27
0.41
0.55
0.08
0.16
0.25
0.33
0.49
0.66
0.82
0.19
0.11
0.22
0.33
0.44
0.54
0.66
0.87
1.09
1.31
0.27
0.41
0.55
0.82
1.09

Size
(in)

114 x 58
114 x 34
114 x 1
112 x 18
112 x 316
112 x 14
112 x 38
112 x 12
112 x 58
112 x 34
112 x 1
112 x 114
134 x 14
134 x 38
134 x 12
134 x 34
134 x 1
134 x 114
2 x 18
2 x 316
2 x 14
2 x 38
2 x 12
2 x 58
2 x 34
2x1
2 x 114
2 x 112
212 x 316
212 x 14
212 x 38

Weight
per metre (Kg)

1.37
1.64
2.19
0.33
0.49
0.66
0.98
1.31
1.64
1.97
2.62
3.28
0.76
1.15
1.53
2.29
3.06
3.82
0.44
0.66
0.87
1.31
1.75
2.19
2.62
3.50
4.37
5.25
0.82
1.09
1.64

Size
(in)

212 x 12
212 x 34
212 x 1
212 x 112
212 x 2
3 x 18
3 x 316
3 x 14
3 x 38
3 x 12
3 x 58
3x1
3x2
312 x 14
312 x 12
4 x 18
4 x 316
4 x 14
4 x 38
4 x 12
4 x 58
4 x 34
4x1
4 x 114
4x2
5 x 14
5 x 12
6 x 14
6 x 38
6 x 12
6x1

Weight
per metre (Kg)

2.19
3.28
4.37
6.56
8.74
0.66
0.98
1.31
1.97
2.62
3.28
5.25
10.5
1.52
3.04
0.87
1.30
1.75
2.62
3.50
4.37
5.25
6.99
8.74
14.0
2.19
4.37
2.62
3.93
5.25
10.5

Tube Available in one or more of the following alloys 6082-T6, 6063-T6, 6063A-T6
Size
(in)

8 o/d x 16 swg
2 o/d x 18 swg
1
2 o/d x 16 swg
1
2 o/d x 10 swg
5
8 o/d x 18 swg
5
8 o/d x 16 swg
5
8 o/d x 10 swg
3
4 o/d x 18 swg
3
4 o/d x 16 swg
3
4 o/d x 10 swg
7
8 o/d x 18 swg
7
8 o/d x 16 swg
7
8 o/d x 10 swg
1 o/d x 18 swg
1 o/d x 16 swg
1 o/d x 10 swg
1 o/d x 316
118 o/d x 18 swg
118 o/d x 16 swg
118 o/d x 10 swg
114 o/d x 18 swg
114 o/d x 16 swg
114 o/d x 12 swg
114 o/d x 10 swg
3
1

Weight
per metre (Kg)

0.11
0.12
0.15
0.26
0.15
0.20
0.35
0.19
0.24
0.44
0.22
0.29
0.53
0.25
0.33
0.61
0.83
0.28
0.37
0.70
0.32
0.42
0.65
0.79

Size
(in)

114 o/d x 316


138 o/d x 16 swg
138 o/d x 10 swg
112 o/d x 18 swg
112 o/d x 16 swg
112 o/d x 10 swg
112 o/d x 316
112 o/d x 14
158 o/d x 16 swg
158 o/d x 10 swg
158 o/d x 316
134 o/d x 16 swg
134 o/d x 10 swg
178 o/d x 10 swg
12932 o/d x 7 swg
2 o/d x 16 swg
2 o/d x 10 swg
2 o/d x 316
2 o/d x 14
214 o/d x 16 swg
214 o/d x 10 swg
212 o/d x 16 swg
212 o/d x 10 swg
212 o/d x 316

Weight
per metre (Kg)

1.08
0.46
0.88
0.38
0.50
0.96
1.35
1.71
0.55
1.05
1.48
0.59
1.14
1.23
1.65
0.68
1.32
1.86
2.39
0.77
1.49
0.86
1.67
2.38

Size
(in)

212 o/d x 14
212 o/d x 38
234 o/d x 10 swg
3 o/d x 16 swg
3 o/d x 12 swg
3 o/d x 10 swg
3 o/d x 316
3 o/d x 14
312 o/d x 16 swg
312 o/d x 10 swg
312 o/d x 14
4 o/d x 16 swg
4 o/d x 12 swg
4 o/d x 10 swg
4 o/d x 14
412 o/d x 10 swg
412 o/d x 14
5 o/d x 10 swg
5 o/d x 14
512 o/d x 14
6 o/d x 10 swg
6 o/d x 14
612 o/d x 14

Weight
per metre (Kg)

3.08
4.36
1.84
1.03
1.65
2.02
2.90
3.76
1.21
2.37
4.46
1.38
2.23
2.72
5.15
3.07
5.83
3.43
6.52
7.21
4.13
7.90
8.58

42

ROLLED PRODUCTS (SHEET & PLATE)

Sheet Alloy 1050-H14


Size
(mm)

Plain or PVC coated on one side.

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

Size
(mm)

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

2000 x 1000 x 0.5

2.71

2000 x 1000 x 1.5

2500 x 1250 x 0.5

4.23

2500 x 1250 x 1.5

2000 x 1000 x 0.6

3.25

3000 x 1250 x 1.5

2500 x 1250 x 0.6

5.08

2000 x 1000 x 0.8

4.34

2500 x 1250 x 0.8


2000 x 1000 x 1.0
2500 x 1250 x 1.0
3000 x 1250 x 1.0
2000 x 1000 x 1.2

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

2000 x 1000 x 2.5

13.6

12.7

2500 x 1250 x 2.5

21.2

15.2

3000 x 1500 x 2.5

30.5

3000 x 1500 x 1.5

18.3

2000 x 1000 x 3.0

16.3

2000 x 1000 x 2.0

10.8

2500 x 1250 x 3.0

25.4

6.78

2500 x 1250 x 2.0

16.9

3000 x 1000 x 3.0

24.4

5.42

3000 x 1000 x 2.0

16.3

3000 x 1250 x 3.0

30.5

8.47

3000 x 1250 x 2.0

20.3

3000 x 1500 x 3.0

36.6

3000 x 1500 x 2.0

24.4

4000 x 1000 x 3.0

32.53

10.2
6.50

8.13

Size
(mm)

4000 x 1000 x 2.0

21.73

4000 x 1250 x 3.0

40.66

2500 x 1250 x 1.2

10.2

4000 x 1250 x 2.0

27.17

4000 x 1500 x 3.0

48.80

3000 x 1250 x 1.2

12.2

4000 x 1500 x 2.0

32.60

4000 x 2000 x 3.0

65.0

3000 x 1500 x 1.2

14.6

4000 x 2000 x 2.0

43.40

Sheet Other Alloys


Size
(mm)

Plain or PVC coated on one side.


Alloys 5251-H22

3103-H14

2000 x 1000 x 1.0

2500 x 1250 x 1.0

2000 x 1000 x 1.2

2500 x 1250 x 1.2

4015-H12

3000 x 1500 x 1.2


2000 x 1000 x 1.5

2500 x 1250 x 1.5

3000 x 1500 x 1.5

2000 x 1000 x 2.0

2500 x 1250 x 2.0

3000 x 1250 x 2.0

3000 x 1500 x 2.0

2000 x 1000 x 2.5

2500 x 1250 x 2.5

2438 x 1219 x 2.83


2000 x 1000 x 3.0

2500 x 1250 x 3.0

3000 x 1250 x 3.0

3000 x 1500 x 3.0

Stucco Sheet Alloy 1050-H14


Size
(mm)

6082-T6

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

Plain or PVC coated on one side.


Size
(mm)

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

2000 x 1000 x 0.5

2.71

2000 x 1000 x 0.8

4.34

2500 x 1250 x 0.5

4.23

2500 x 1250 x 0.8

6.78

2000 x 1000 x 0.6

3.25

2500 x 1250 x 1.0

2500 x 1250 x 0.6

5.08

2500 x 1250 x 1.2

8.47
10.2

43

ROLLED PRODUCTS (SHEET & PLATE)

Shate Alloy 5251-H22


Size
(mm)

Some sizes available in Alloy 6082-T651 and/or 1050A-H14

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

2000 x 1000 x 4.0


2500 x 1250 x 4.0
2000 x 1000 x 5.0

21.7
33.9
27.1

Size
(mm)

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

2500 x 1250 x 5.0


2000 x 1000 x 6.0
2500 x 1250 x 6.0

42.3
32.5
50.8

Plate Alloys 6082-T651, 5083-0/H111, 6082-T6


Size
(mm)

2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500

x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x

1250
1250
1250
1250
1250
1250
1250
1250
1250
1250

x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x

4.0
5.0
6.0
8.0
10.0
12.0
15.0
16.0
20.0
25.0

Weight
per plate (kg)

5083-0

33.90
42.34
50.78
67.81
84.68
101.56
127.18
135.62
169.37
211.77

6082-T651

6082-T6

We have extensive in house plate


sawing facilities that enable us to
supply your requirements cut to
size from the above stock range
and also stocks of plate up to
6 thick.

Plate Alloys 6082-T651 and 5083-0/H111


Thickness

Unit weight
per sq metre (Kg)

8mm
10mm
12mm
15mm
16mm
20mm
25mm
30mm

21.7
27.1
32.5
40.7
43.4
54.2
67.8
81.3

Thickness

Unit weight
per sq metre (Kg)

112
40mm
134
2
214
60mm
212
234

103
108
120
138
155
163
172
189

Thickness

Unit weight
per sq metre (Kg)

70mm
3
80mm
90mm
4
5
6

190
207
217
244
275
344
413

Whilst most plate, particularly above 12mm thick, is sold in cut pieces, we stock full plates in sizes 2500mm x 1250mm.

5 Bar Treadplate Alloy 5754-H111


Size
(mm)

2438
2500
3000
2000

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

x
x
x
x

1219
1250
1500
1000

x
x
x
x

2.0
2.0
2.0
3.0

16.8
17.6
25.3
16.7

Size
(mm)

2438
2500
3000
2438

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

x
x
x
x

1219
1250
1500
1219

x
x
x
x

3.0
3.0
3.0
4.5

24.8
26.0
37.5
37.6

Rice Grain Treadplate Alloy 5754-H111


Size
(mm)

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

Size
(mm)

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

2500 x 1250 x 1.2

11.4

2500 x 1250 x 2.5

22.4

2500 x 1250 x 1.5

13.9

2500 x 1250 x 3.0

26.6

2500 x 1250 x 2.0

18.1

Size
(mm)

2500
2438
2500
3000

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

x
x
x
x

1250
1219
1250
1500

x
x
x
x

4.5
6.0
6.0
6.0

39.5
50.6
53.2
76.6

44

SPECIAL PRODUCTS

The sizes shown for each product in


this brochure are those most widely
used. Many more options are
available from Aalcos 10,000-item
standard stock range.
In providing customers with a costeffective single source for all their
metals requirements, over 50% of
Aalco sales comprise non-standard
products. This covers a significant
range of non-standard products as
well as special items for particular
industries and individual customers
in fact around 40% of the stock at
individual branches falls into this
category together with a
comprehensive processing service
offering items cut to customers
instructions as well as finishing and
coating. The full range of processing
facilities is outlined on pages 2 & 3
of this brochure. In addition, Aalco
regularly arranges sub-contract
processing using a range of
approved suppliers.
Amongst the industries served by
Aalcos speciality product ranges are:
Building Painted Sheet &
Extrusions, Patterned Sheet &
Treadplate
Road Transport Sections,
Castings, Plate & Shate, Patterned
Sheet & Treadplate
Road Signs Sheet, Blanks,
Painted Sheet, Extrusions
Marine Sections, Plate, Sheet,
Treadplate, Transition Joints
Aerospace Extrusions including
large sections in high strength
alloys, Plate
Holloware Deep Drawing
Quality Sheet, Circles & Rings
Process Plant Pipe, Butt Weld
Fittings & Flanges, Treadplate

Aluminium Extrusions
Aalco are the UKs largest purchaser
of aluminium extrusions with an
annual spend in excess of 25
million representing around 11,000
tonnes. This gives Aalco unrivalled
purchasing power and sourcing
expertise, which is shared with its
customers.
As a major customer of many
leading extrusion mills Aalco has
access to the widest possible range
of alloys, shapes and sizes. In depth
knowledge of each mills particular
specialities means Aalco customers
are assured that their extrusions will
be sourced from the most costeffective source.
The stock range includes special
alloys, shapes and sizes for many
industries including building, marine,
road transport, signage, leisure &
sporting goods, engineering and
aerospace.

These benefits include time saving,


reduced costs, flexibility, the
possibility to make regular changes
in scheduled quantities, keeping
abreast of technology changes,
assistance with design and technical
issues, all without sacrificing choice
or quality. Whats more Aalcos
purchasing power means all this can
be achieved at a very competitive
price.
The processing services provided for
aluminium extrusions include:
Cut lengths Single Pieces up to
16/406mm diameter through to
High Volume Repetition Cutting
Prefabrication Drilling,
Notching, Punching & Bending
Finishing Anodising, Painting/
Power Coating, Polishing,
Chromating
Protective Coating or Sleeving

A particular skill is the sourcing of


bespoke extrusions, designed for
individual customers from single
shapes to full suites. Many
customers have found major
benefits in sourcing from Aalco
rather than direct from the mill.

Special Packaging including


Kitting

45

SPECIAL PRODUCTS

Aluminium Plate

Service

Aalco stocks the widest range of


thicknesses and alloys, including
marine and aerospace grades,
backed by extensive processing
facilities, including:

The most comprehensive stock


range; the highest investment in
processing equipment; local
branches nationwide; helpful,
friendly, knowledgeable staff and
the industrys biggest fleet of
delivery vehicles It all adds up to
unbeatable service.

Plate Cutting Rectangles,


Angular Shapes, Circles & Rings
all carried out on the most
modern machinery with fully
automatic operation through a
programmable electronic control
system and air-flotation beds to
avoid scratching.
Plate Processing Routing,
Drilling, Surface Machining,
Surface Finishing
Pre-Fabrication & Welding

Aalco has maintained market


leadership over many years through
an absolute dedication to flexible,
responsive customer service
A service level that is continuously
monitored and improved through
key performance indicators.
Thats why for reliable, on-time
delivery of exactly what you want,
when and where you need it,
whether its a small one-off item or
a complex JIT contract, Aalco is the
obvious first choice.

46

Aluminium Alloy Groups

Aluminium can be easily formed by


all the main production processes
and all alloys are easily formed,
welded and joined. It can be
extruded into the most complex of
shapes allowing screw fixings, snap
fit jointing and attractive design
features. It can be drawn to achieve
the most exacting of tolerances
and to specific levels of hardness
for the most critical of applications.
Then finally it can be hot or cold
rolled to provide a multitude of
thicknesses and widths from
cooking foil to heavy plate.
Aluminium can be surface rolled to
give many attractive, decorative
and functional patterns. These
include popular patterns such as:
stucco, checkmate, treadplate and
many more. Aluminium responds
well to a variety of finishing
methods; painting and anodising
are the two most popularly used.
Each provides an attractive and
highly durable finish. These
processes can be applied either as a
post manufactured operation or as
an integrated part of the semis
production process.
Aluminium is available in a range
of alloys giving properties suitable
for an ever-increasing number of
applications. Major recycling
programmes make a significant
contribution to the preservation of
the environment. Only 5% of the
energy required to smelt primary
metal is used when recycling,
which also avoids the problems of
waste disposal and dumping.
Whilst contributing significantly
to protecting the environment,
aluminium maintains a leading
position in terms of material
selection by being the most cost
effective solution for many
industrial and consumer
applications.

1XXX
2XXX
3XXX
4XXX
5XXX
6XXX
7XXX
8XXX

Aluminium of 99% minimum purity


Aluminium-copper alloys
Aluminium-manganese alloys
Aluminium-silicon alloys
Aluminium-magnesium alloys
Aluminium-magnesium-silicon alloys
Aluminium-zinc-magnesium alloys
Miscellaneous alloys, e.g. aluminium-lithium alloys

Temper Designation for Aluminium Alloys


Alloy F: as fabricated

Alloy O: annealed (wrought alloys)

Non-heat treatable alloys


Alloy

H1
H2
H3

Work-hardened only
Work-hardened and partially annealed
Work-hardened and stabilized by low temperature
treatment

Alloy

HX2
HX4
HX6
HX8

Quarter-hard
Half-hard
Three-quarter-hard
Full-hard

Degree of
cold working

Heat treatable alloys


T2
T3
T4
T5
T6
T9
T651*

Cooled from an elevated temperature and naturally aged


Solution heat-treated, cold worked and naturally aged
Solution heat-treated and naturally aged
Cooled from an elevated temperature shaping process and
artificially aged
Solution heat treated and artificially aged
Solution heat-treated, artificially aged and cold worked
Solution heat treated, stress relieved by stretching and then
artificially aged

* Example of 3 digit number which denotes special tempers achieved


by variation treatment.

Designations & Chemical composition of selected


Aluminium Alloys
Alloy Designation
Current

Previous

Composition

AA1050A

Al 99,5

S1B

Al 99.5

AA2011

Al Cu6BiPb

FC1

Al 5.5Cu 0.4Bi 0.4Pb

AA3103

Al Mn1

NS3

Al 1.2Mn

AA4015

AA5083

Al Mg4,5Mn0,7

N8

Al 4.5Mg 0.7MnCr

AA5251

Al Mg2

NS4

Al 2.0Mg 0.3Mn

AA5005

Al Mg1(B)

N41

Al 0.8Mg

AA5454

Al Mg3Mn

N51

Al 2.7Mg 0.8MnCr

AA5754

Al Mg3

AA6063

Al Mg0,7Si

HE9

Al 0.7Mg 0.4Si

AA6082

Al Si1MgMn

HE30

Al 0.9Mg 1.0Si 0.7Mn

AA6262

Al 1.0Mg 0.6Si Pb

AA7075

Al ZnMgCu1.5

Al 5.6Zn 2.5Mg 1.6Cu

Al 2Si 1Mn FeCuMgZn

Al 3.1MgMnCr

47

Mechanical Properties of selected Aluminium alloys


Alloy

AA1050A

AA2011
AA3103
AA4015

AA5083
AA5251

AA5754

AA6063

AA6082

AA6262
AA7075

Temper

Proof
Stress 0.20%

Tensile
Strength

Shear
Strength

Elongation
A5

Hardness
Vickers

(MPa)

(MPa)

(MPa)

(%)

HV

H12

85

100

60

12

30

H14

105

115

70

10

36

H16

120

130

80

H18

140

150

85

44

35

80

50

42

20

T3

290

365

220

15

100

T6

300

395

235

12

115

H14

140

155

90

46

45

105

70

29

29

45

110-150

20

30-40

H12

110

135-175

45-55

H14

135

160-200

H16

155

185-225

H18

180

210-250

H32

240

330

185

17

95

0/H111

145

300

175

23

75

H22

165

210

125

14

65

H24

190

230

135

13

70

H26

215

255

145

75

80

180

115

26

46

H22

185

245

150

15

75

H24

215

270

160

14

80

H26

245

290

170

10

85

100

215

140

25

55

50

100

70

27

85

T4

90

160

110

21

50

T6

210

245

150

14

80

60

130

85

27

35

T4

170

260

170

19

75

T6

310

340

210

11

100

T6

240

290

T9

330

360

105-145

225-275

150

65

T6

435-505

510-570

350

160

48

BRASS

Copper and the copper alloys are


some of the most versatile materials
available and are used for
applications in every type of
industry with world consumption
now exceeding 14 million tonnes
per annum. Besides good
conductivity the properties include
strength; hardness; ductility;
resistance to corrosion, wear and
shock; low magnetic permeability;
an attractive range of colours
together with ease of machining,
forming, polishing and plating.
Over the years a number of
materials have been developed
giving combinations of these
properties that are optimum for a
very wide variety of applications.
Aalco stocks all of the commonly
required forms of copper and
its alloys including sheet, plate,
machining rod & hollow rod,
flat bar, hexagon bar and tube.
In addition to a comprehensive
range of standard sizes, Aalco
branches stock industry specific
items and customer specials.
Aalco also provides a complete
range of processing services
including bar, tube & pipe cutting
and plate processing.

Rod CW614N/CZ121M
Free Machining Brass 3 metre lengths BSEN 12164
Dia
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Dia
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

0.07

26mm

16

0.15

1 16

4.86

4mm

0.11

28mm

5.23

5mm

0.17

11 8

5.45

32

0.21

30mm

6.01

4.50

6mm

0.24

13 16

6.07

0.27

114

6.73

7mm

0.33

1 16

7.42

32

0.34

138

8.14

9
5

16

0.42

35mm

8.18

8mm

0.43

36mm

8.62

32

0.51

1716

8.90

9mm

0.54

112

9.69

11

0.61

40mm

10.7

10mm

0.67

158

11.4

13

32

0.71

11116

12.3

15

32

0.95

134

13.2

16

0.82

1 8

15.1

12mm

0.96

50mm

16.7

1.08

17.2

13mm

1.13

21 8

19.4

1.22

2 4

21.8

14mm

1.30

60mm

24.0

16

1.36

23 8

24.3

15mm

1.50

21 2

26.9

17

32

1.63

65mm

28.1

16mm

1.71

25 8

29.7

21

32

17mm
11

16

18mm

1.86

2 4

32.6

1.92

38.8

2.04

31 4

45.5

2.16

31 2

52.8

32

2.22

3 4

60.4

2.42

68.9

32

2.62

41 4

77.5

2.67

41 2

87.2

23
3

25

20mm

2.84

130mm

108

22mm

3.23

140mm

129

13

16

3.30

155mm

155

29

32

3.52

180mm

210

15

16

3.79

205mm

280

24mm

3.84

230mm

352

25mm

4.17

255mm

433

4.31

*Bars over 3 inches in diameter may vary in length.

49

BRASS

Rod CW606N/CZ131 Riveting Quality Brass 3 metre lengths BSEN 12164


Dia
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Dia
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Dia
(in)

16

0.15

9mm

0.54

5mm

0.17

0.61

0.27

10mm

32

0.34

16

16

0.42

1.08

1
9
5

Weight
per metre (Kg)

1.68

2.42

0.66

3.30

0.82

4.31

Rod CW602N/CZ132 Dezincification Resistant Brass 3 metre lengths BSEN 12164


Dia
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Dia
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Dia
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

1.08

4.31

1716

16

1.36

1 16

4.86

1 2

1.68

118

5.45

158

11.4

2.42

114

6.73

178

15.1

3.30

138

8.14

17.2

1
9
5
3
7

8.90
9.69

Rod CW721R & 722R/CZ114M High Tensile Brass/Manganese Bronze 3 metre lengths BSEN 12164
Dia
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Dia
(in)

16

0.15

0.27

13

8
16

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Dia
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

2.42

15 8

11.4

16

2.83

134

13.2

0.61

3.30

17.2

0.82

4.31

21 4

21.8

1.08

1 8

5.45

2 2

26.9

16

1.36

114

6.73

234

32.6

1.68

1 8

8.14

38.8

16

2.03

11 2

9.69

68.9

3
1
3
7
1
9
5

11

Alloy Designation
Previous Designation

New Designation

BRASS

Previous Designation

New Designation

BRONZE

CZ121

CW614N

CA104

CW307G (near equivalent)

CZ124

CW603N

PB102

CW451K (near equivalent)

CZ122

CW617N

CZ131

CW606N

COPPER

CZ108

CW508L

C101

CW004A

CZ106

CW505L

C102

CW005A

CZ112

CW712N & CW712R

C103

CW008A

CZ114

CW721R & CW722R

C106

CW024A

CZ132

CW602N

C111

CW114C

CZ130

CW624N

*Bars over 3 inches in diameter may vary in length.

50

BRASS

Hexagon CW614N/CZ121M Free Machining Brass 3 metre lengths BSEN 12164


Size AF
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size AF
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size AF
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

0.193

0.22

1.86

114

7.42

0.248

0.29

16mm

1.88

32mm

7.54

5mm

0.18

17mm

6mm

0.26

11

0.30

7mm

2.13

1.300

8.03

2.24

1516

8.29

18mm

2.37

138

8.98

0.36

0.710

2.39

36mm

9.54

16

0.46

19mm

2.66

1.480

10.4

8mm

0.47

2.67

11 2

10.7

0.324

0.50

13

16

3.14

15 8

12.5

0.67

0.820

3.19

41mm

12.4

10mm

0.74

22mm

3.56

1.670

13.2

11mm

0.89

3.69

13 4

14.5

0.445

0.94

0.920

16

0.91

15

12mm

1.06

1.19

13mm

1.24

0.525

1.31

14mm

16

4.02

1.860

16.4

4.17

46mm

15.6

24mm

4.24

50mm

18.3

4.75

2.050

19.9

1.010

4.84

2.2

23.0

11 16

5.36

60mm

26.4

1.44

1.100

5.76

21 2

29.7

16

1.50

11 8

6.01

65mm

31.1

15mm

1.65

30mm

6.63

2 4

35.9

0.600

1.71

1.200

6.84

42.7

16

Angle CW624N/CZ130 12 foot lengths BSEN 12167


Size
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

2 x 12 x 18

0.30

112 x 112 x 1 8

1.97

2 x 2 x 3 16

4 x 4 x 8

0.94

1 2 x 1 2 x 16

2.89

2 x 2 x 1 4

1 x 1 x 8

1.29

1 2 x 1 2 x 4

3.77

2 2 x 2 2 x 4

6.43

114 x 114 x 18

1.63

2 x 2 x 1 8

2.66

3 x 3 x 1 4

7.71

1
3

1
1

1
1

3
1

3.99
5.14
1

Square CW614N/CZ121M Free Machining Brass 3 metre lengths BSEN 12164


Size
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(in)

0.09

16

0.19

4
16

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

2.14

13 4

16.8

3.08

21.9

0.34

4.20

2 4

27.8

0.54

5.48

21 2

34.0

0.77

1 4

8.57

2 4

41.5

16

1.05

11 2

49.4

1.37

1
3
1
5
3
7
1

12.3

51

BRASS

Tube CW508L/CZ108 Half Hard 5 metre lengths BSEN 12449


Size
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

8 o/d x 20 swg
8 o/d x 18 swg
1
2 o/d x 20 swg
1
2 o/d x 18 swg
1
2 o/d x 16 swg
5
8 o/d x 20 swg
5
8 o/d x 16 swg
3
4 o/d x 16 swg
3
4 o/d x 20 swg

0.21
0.27
0.29
0.37
0.48
0.37
0.62
0.75
0.44

3
3

Size
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

4 o/d x 18 swg
8 o/d x 20 swg
1 o/d x 20 swg
1 o/d x 18 swg
1 o/d x 16 swg
1 o/d x 10 swg
114 o/d x 16 swg
11 2 o/d x 20 swg
11 2 o/d x 18 swg

0.58
0.52
0.59
0.78
1.03
1.91
1.30

3
7

1.19

Size
(in)

112 o/d x 16 swg


112 o/d x 10 swg
134 o/d x 16 swg
2 o/d x 20 swg
2 o/d x 18 swg
2 o/d x 16 swg
2 o/d x 10 swg
212 o/d x 16 swg
3 o/d x 16 swg

Weight
per metre (Kg)

1.57
3.03
1.85
1.22
1.60
2.12
4.13
2.67
3.22

Plate CW712N/CZ112 Naval Brass BSEN 1653


Size

2.5m
2.5m
2.5m
2.5m
2.5m

Weight
per plate (Kg)

x 1.25m
x 1.25m
x 1.25m
x 1.25m
x 1.25m

x
x
x
x
x

3mm
5mm
6mm
10mm
12.7mm

79.2
132
238
396
503

Size

2.5m
2.5m
2.5m
2.5m
2.5m

Weight
per plate (Kg)

x 1.25m
x 1.25m
x 1.25m
x 1.25m
x 1.25m

x
x
x
x
x

16mm
22mm
25.4mm
32mm
35mm

422
580
670
845
924

Size

2.5m x 1.25m x 40mm


2m x 1m x 45mm
2m x 1m x 51mm
2m x 1m x 65mm
2m x 1m x 76mm

Weight
per plate (Kg)

1056
1188
862
1098
1284

Can be cut to size on plate saws.

Flat bar CW614N/CZ121 Free Machining Brass 12 foot lengths BSEN 12167
Size
(in)

8 x 1 8
8 x 3 16
3
8 x 1 4
3
8 x 5 16
1
2 x 1 8
1
2 x 3 16
1
2 x 1 4
1
2 x 5 16
1
2 x 3 8
5
8 x 1 8
5
8 x 1 4
5
8 x 3 8
5
8 x 1 2
3
4 x 1 8
3
4 x 3 16
3
4 x 1 4
3
4 x 5 16
3
4 x 3 8
3
4 x 1 2
3
4 x 5 8
1 x 1 8
1 x 3 16
1 x 1 4
1 x 5 16
1 x 3 8
1 x 1 2
1 x 5 8
1 x 3 4
3
3

Weight
per metre (Kg)

0.26
0.38
0.52
0.63
0.34
0.50
0.69
0.83
1.03
0.43
0.86
1.29
1.71
0.51
0.77
1.03
1.28
1.54
2.06
2.55
0.69
1.03
1.37
1.72
2.06
2.74
3.45
4.11

Size
(in)

11 4 x 1 8
11 4 x 1 4
11 4 x 3 8
11 4 x 1 2
11 4 x 3 4
11 4 x 1
11 2 x 1 8
11 2 x 3 16
11 2 x 1 4
11 2 x 3 8
11 2 x 1 2
11 2 x 5 8
11 2 x 3 4
11 2 x 1
13 4 x 1 2
2 x 1 8
2 x 3 16
2 x 1 4
2 x 3 8
2 x 1 2
2 x 5 8
2 x 3 4
2x1
2 x 11 4
2 x 11 2
2 x 13 4
21 2 x 1 8
21 2 x 1 4

Weight
per metre (Kg)

0.85
1.71
2.57
3.43
5.14
6.85
1.03
1.54
2.06
3.08
4.11
5.15
6.11
8.23
4.75
1.37
2.06
2.74
4.11
5.48
6.79
8.17
11.0
13.75
16.3
19.0
1.71
3.43

Size
(in)

21 2 x 3 8
21 2 x 1 2
21 2 x 3 4
21 2 x 1
21 2 x 11 4
21 2 x 11 2
21 2 x 13 4
21 2 x 2
3 x 1 8
3 x 1 4
3 x 3 8
3 x 1 2
3 x 5 8
3 x 3 4
3x1
3 x 11 2
3x2
4 x 1 8
4 x 1 4
4 x 3 8
4 x 1 2
4 x 5 8
4 x 3 4
4x1
4 x 11 2
4x2

Weight
per metre (Kg)

5.08
6.86
10.02
13.6
17.03
20.3
23.73
27.2
2.06
4.11
6.17
8.23
10.2
12.2
16.5
24.7
32.9
2.74
5.48
8.17
11.0
13.6
16.3
21.9
32.7
43.9

52

BRASS

Sheet CW508L-H095/CZ108-H/H BSEN 1652


Size

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

Size

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

Size

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

2m x 1m x 0.45mm

8.00

8 x 1mm x 1.2mm*

25.00

4 x 2 x 12 swg

16.70

4 x 2 x 26 swg

2.90

2m x 1m x 1.2mm*

20.30

2m x 1m x 3.0mm*

50.70

2m x 1m x 0.55mm*

9.30

4 x 2 x 18 swg

7.54

2.5m x 1.25m x 3.0mm

79.21

4 x 2 x 24 swg

3.45

4 x 2 x 16 swg

10.00

4 x 2 x 10 swg

20.40

2m x 1m x 0.7mm*

8 x 1m x 1.5mm*

31.00

2m x 1m x 4mm

67.60

4 x 2 x 22 swg

4.40

2m x 1m x 1.5mm*

25.30

2m x 1m x 5mm

86.00

8 x 1m x 0.9mm

19.00

2m x 1m x 2.0mm*

33.80

2m x 1m x 16

80.00

2m x 1m x 0.9mm*

15.20

4 x 2 x 14 swg

12.60

2m x 1m x 14

107.00

2m x 1m x 2.5mm*

42.25

4 x 2 x 0.9mm

11.80

5.65

* These sizes are also stocked bright polished and plastic coated one side.

Rod CW712R/CZ112 Naval Brass 3 metre lengths* BSEN 12163


Dia
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Dia
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Dia
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

0.27

3.28

17.2

0.61

4.31

21 2

26.9

1.08

1 4

6.73

38.8

1.67

112

9.69

68.9

2.42

1 4

1
3
1
5
3

*Bars over 3 inches in diameter may vary in length.

Sheet CW505L-H055/CZ106 70/30 Soft, Spinning Quality BSEN 1652


Size

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

Size

2m x 1m x 0.45mm

8.0

4ft x 2ft x 22 swg

2m x 1m x 0.55mm

9.30

2m x 1m x 0.9m

4ft x 2ft x 24 swg

3.45

4ft x 2ft x 20 swg

2m x 1m x 0.7mm

11.8

2m x 1m x 1.2mm

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

4.40
15.2
5.65
20.3

Size

4ft x 2ft x 18 swg

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

7.54

2m x 1m x 1.6mm

27.0

4ft x 2ft x 16 swg

10.00

2m x 1m x 2mm

33.83

53

COPPER

Tube CW024A/C106 Half Hard 6 metre lengths BSEN 12449


Size
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(in)

4 o/d x 20 swg

0.14

4 o/d x 18 swg

0.17

8 o/d x 20 swg

0.22

8 o/d x 18 swg

0.29

2 o/d x 20 swg

0.30

2 o/d x 18 swg

0.39

2 o/d x 16 swg

0.50

8 o/d x 20 swg

0.38

1
1
3
3
1
1
1
5

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

8 o/d x 18 swg

0.50

1 o/d x 20 swg

0.63

4 o/d x 20 swg

0.46

1 o/d x 18 swg

0.83

4 o/d x 18 swg

0.61

1 o/d x 16 swg

1.08

4 o/d x 16 swg

0.79

114 o/d x 16 swg

1.37

8 o/d x 20 swg

0.54

1 2 o/d x 16 swg

1.66

8 o/d x 16 swg

0.94

2 o/d x 16 swg

2.24

8 o/d x 18 swg

0.72

21 2 o/d x 16 swg

2.81

Flat Bar CW004A/C101 Hard Drawn High Conductivity Radius edge 4-4.2 metre lengths BSEN 13601
Size
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

2 x 18

0.36

114 x 1 4

1.79

21 2 x 3 8

5.38

2 x 16

0.54

1 2 x 8

1.08

21 2 x 1 2

7.18

2 x 4

0.72

1 2 x 16

1.61

3 x 4

4.31

8 x 18

0.45

11 2 x 1 4

2.15

3 x 3 8

6.46

4 x 8

0.54

1 2 x 8

3.23

3 x 2

8.61

4 x 316

0.81

11 2 x 1 2

4.31

80mm x 10mm

7.12

1
1

5
3

4 x 4

1.08

40mm x 5mm

1.78

100mm x 6mm

5.34

20mm x 5mm

0.89

40mm x 8mm

2.85

100mm x 10mm

8.90

20mm x 6mm

1.07

40mm x 10mm

3.56

100mm x 12mm

20mm x 10mm

1.78

50mm x 3mm

1.34

4 x 1 4

25mm x 3mm

0.67

50mm x 5mm

2.23

4 x 8

25mm x 5mm

1.11

50mm x 8mm

3.57

4 x 1 2

25mm x 6mm

1.34

50mm x 10mm

4.45

120mm x 6mm

25mm x 10mm

2.22

50mm x 12mm

5.35

120mm x 10mm

1 x 1 8

0.72

2 x 1 8

1.44

5 x 1 4

1 x 16

1.08

2 x 16

2.15

5 x 1 2

1 x 1 4

1.44

2 x 1 4

2.87

150mm x 6mm

1 x 2

2.87

2 x 3 8

4.31

150mm x 10mm

30mm x 3mm

0.80

2 x 1 2

5.74

6 x 1 4

30mm x 5mm

1.34

2 x 4

8.61

6 x 1 2

17.2

30mm x 6mm

1.61

60mm x 6mm

3.20

160mm x 10mm

14.2

30mm x 10mm

2.67

60mm x 10mm

5.34

200mm x 6mm

10.2

1 4 x 8

0.90

2 2 x 4

5.59

200mm x 10mm

17.8

114 x 3 16

1.35

10.6
5.74
8.61
11.5
6.42
10.7
7.18
14.3
8.02
13.4
8.61

54

COPPER

Sheet CW024A-H065/C106 Half Hard BSEN 1652


Size

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

Size

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

2m x 1m x 0.55mm

9.79

4ft x 2ft x 18 swg

2m x 1m x 3mm

53.4

4ft x 2ft x 24 swg

3.64

2.5m x 1.25m x 1.5mm

41.7

4ft x 2ft x 10 swg

21.5

2m x 1m x 1.5mm

26.72

2m x 1m x 4mm

74.0

4ft x 2ft x 16 swg

10.6

4ft x 2ft x 3 16

31.5

2m x 1m x 2mm

35.6

2m x 1m x 5mm

89.0

4ft x 2ft x 14 swg

13.2

2m x 1m x 6mm

106.0

2m x 1m x 2.5mm

44.5

2.5m x 1.25m x 8mm

235.0

2m x 1m x 0.7mm
4ft x 2ft x 22 swg
2m x 1m x 0.9mm
4ft x 2ft x 20 swg
2m x 1m x 1.2mm

12.5
4.63
16.0
5.95
21.4

7.94

Size

Sheet CW004A-H065/C101 Half Hard BSEN 1652


Size

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

2m x 1m x 0.9mm
4ft x 2ft x 20 swg

16.0
5.94

Size

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

Size

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

1200 x 600 x 1.6mm

10.2

4ft x 2ft x 10 swg

21.5

2m x 1m x 2mm

35.6

2m x 1m x 4mm

74

2m x 1m x 1.2mm

21.4

1200 x 600 x 2mm

12.8

2m x 1m x 5mm

89

2m x 1m x 1.5mm

26.7

2m x 1m x 3mm

53.4

2m x 1m x 6mm

106

Plate CW008A/C103 M (As Manufactured) BSEN 1652


Size

Weight
per plate (Kg)

Size

Weight
per plate (Kg)

Size

Weight
per plate (Kg)

3m x 1m x 6mm

128

3m x 1m x 20mm

355

3m x 1m x 51mm

907

3m x 1m x 10mm

213

3m x 1m x 25mm

452

2m x 1m x 65mm

1157

3m x 1m x 12.7mm

339

3m x 1m x 32mm

889

1m x 1m x 102mm

907

3m x 1m x 16mm

427

3m x 1m x 40mm

711

Can be cut to size on plate saws.

Round Bar CW114C/C111 Hard BSEN 12164


Dia
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Dia
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

1.13

3.45

1.76

4.51

2.54

1
5
3

55

COPPER

Round Bar CW004A/C101 Hard Drawn High Conductivity 4-4.2 metre lengths BSEN 13601
Dia
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Dia
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Dia
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

0.28

25mm

4.39

45mm

14.1

16

0.44

4.51

50mm

17.4

0.63

1 8

5.71

18.0

10mm

0.70

30mm

6.32

214

22.8

12mm

1.01

1 4

7.05

2 2

28.2

1.13

138

8.53

234

34.1

1.76

1 2

10.0

40.6

16mm

1.79

40mm

11.2

314

45.3

20mm

2.80

1 8

11.9

3 2

55.2

2.54

134

13.8

72.2

3.45

1
5

3
7

Sheet CW024A-H040/C106 Soft Spinning Quality BSEN 1652


Size

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

2m x 1m x 0.55mm
4ft x 2ft x 24 swg

Size

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

9.79

4ft x 2ft x 20 swg

3.64

2m x 1m x 1.2mm

2m x 1m x 0.7mm

12.5

4ft x 2ft x 18 swg

2m x 1m x 0.9mm

16.0

2m x 1m x 1.6mm

7.94
28.5

Si

Cr
Zr
Zn

21.4

STRENGTH

Al
P

5.95

Mn
Ni
Fe

Sn

CORROSION
RESISTANCE

COLOUR
Zn

Sn

Si

Sn

Cu

Ni

As
Mn

Zn
Pb

Te
S

MACHINABILITY

WEAR
RESISTANCE

Al
Sn

Cd
Ag

Al

Ni

Si

Fe

56

BRONZE

Drawn Rod PB102 BS2874


Dia
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Dia
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Dia
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

1.12

11 2

10.0

212

28.0

1.75

15 8

11.8

234

33.9

1
5

2.52

1 4

13.7

40.4

3.43

17 8

15.9

31 4

47.6

4.48

17.9

31 2

54.9

11 8

5.68

21 8

20.4

71.7

1 4

7.01

2 4

22.7

13 8

8.48

114

Rod CA104 Aluminium Bronze BS2874


Dia
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Dia
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Dia
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

0.96

35mm

7.31

60mm

21.4

1.5

11 2

8.66

65mm

25.2

20mm

2.39

40mm

9.55

70mm

29.2

2.95

45mm

12.0

34.7

3.85

15.4

3 2

47.2

32mm

6.11

55mm

18.0

61.6

Hexagon NES 833 PART 2 Aluminium Bronze


Size AF
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size AF
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Size AF
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

1.07

1.010

4.36

158

11.3

0.600

1.54

11 8

5.41

1.670

11.9

0.710

2.15

1.200

6.17

1.860

14.8

0.820

2.87

1.300

7.24

2.050

18.0

3.62

1.480

9.36

2.220

21.1

0.920
15

16

3.76

Plate CW451K/PB102 Phosphor Bronze BSEN 1652


Size

Weight
per plate (Kg)

Size

Weight
per plate (Kg)

3m x 1m x 6mm

159

3m x 1m x 16mm

425

3m x 1m x 10mm

266

3m x 1m x 20mm

531

3m x 1m x 12mm

319

3m x 1m x 25mm

664

57

BRONZE

Rod SAE660 Continuously Cast Bearing Bronze


Dia
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Dia
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Dia
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

1.13

134

13.9

72.4

2.55

18.1

41 2

91.6

3.46

2 2

28.3

4 4

102

4.52

234

34.2

113

7.07

40.7

163

31 2

55.4

222

1
3

1 4
1

112

10.2

Hollow Bar SAE660 General Purpose Bearing Bronze


Dia
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Dia
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Dia
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

2 o/d x 1 i/d

13.6

31 2 o/d x 11 2 i/d

45.2

43 4 o/d x 11 2 i/d

91.9

2 2 o/d x 1 i/d

23.8

3 2 o/d x 2 i/d

37.3

4 4 o/d x 2 i/d

83.9

21 2 o/d x 11 2 i/d

18.1

4 o/d x 1 i/d

67.9

43 4 o/d x 3 i/d

61.3

2 4 o/d x 1 i/d

29.7

4 o/d x 2 i/d

54.3

5 o/d x 2 i/d

95.0

23 4 o/d x 11 2 i/d

24.0

4 o/d x 3 i/d

31.7

5 o/d x 4 i/d

40.7

3 o/d x 1 i/d

36.2

41 2 o/d x 11 2 i/d

81.4

6 o/d x 2 i/d

3 o/d x 1 2 i/d

30.5

41 2 o/d x 2 i/d

73.5

6 o/d x 4 i/d

3 o/d x 2 i/d

22.6

4 2 o/d x 3 i/d

50.9

7 o/d x 5 i/d

145
90.5
109

Machining allowance on the outside diameter + 1mm on the inside diameter.

Grade 2 Rod NES 833 PART 2 Aluminium Bronze


Dia
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Dia
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

Dia
(in)

Weight
per metre (Kg)

0.54

13 4

11.8

31 2

47.2

0.96

1 8

13.5

3 4

54.5

1.50

15.4

61.6

3
1
5

2.17

2 8

17.4

4 2

78.0

2.96

21 4

19.5

43 4

86.9

3.85

2 8

21.7

11 8

4.87

21 2

24.1

51 2

116

11 4

6.02

25 8

26.5

139

13 8

7.28

234

29.1

189

8.66

34.7

246

31 4

40.7

1 2
1

15 8

10.2

Hard Sheet CW451K/PB102 Phosphor Bronze BSEN 1652


Size

Weight
per sheet (Kg)

1200 x 600 x 1.6mm

10.0

1200 x 600 x 3mm

19.0

96.3

58

Material Selection Criteria


Some of the criteria commonly considered
in the selection of copper and copper-based
alloys are shown below:

A large number of copper alloys


have been developed for a wide
variety of applications. A range of
brasses based on alloys of copper
and zinc offer properties such as
high corrosion resistance, high
tensile strength or suitability for
hot-stamping whilst free machining
brass sets the standard of
machinability by which all other
metals are judged.
Bronzes and gunmetal based on
alloys of copper and tin offer a
combination of properties such as
high strength, hardness and wear
resistance. Copper-nickel alloys
offer a combination of seawater
corrosion and erosion resistance
with good strength and ready
formability.

Material Properties
Strength (tensile, proof or shear)
Corrosion resistance
Ductility
Hardness
Thermal conductivity
Impact resistance
Electrical conductivity
Fatigue resistance
Magnetic permeability
Effect of temperature on properties
Wear resistance
Tolerances on dimensions
Consistency of properties
Material specifications
Production Considerations
Machinability
Formability
Availability
Initial cost
Ease of joining
Ease of finishing
Value of process scrap
Quality assurance

Brass
best machinability
hot formability
castability
ductility
strength

turned components
stampings
large water fittings
pressings, lamp caps
valve stems

Beryllium Coppers
strength, fatigue
resistance,
conductivity

springs

Phosphor Bronzes (5% tin wrought)


strength, fatigue
springs
resistance,
conductivity
Phosphor Bronzes (higher tin cast)
strength, hardness bearings
valve fittings
Leaded Bronzes
castability,
machinability
Gunmetals
castability and
strength

bearings
valve fittings

heavy duty valves

Nickel Silvers
oxidation resistance, contacts,
strength
springs, cutlery

Marketing Considerations
Appeal to user
Packaging costs
Lifetime reliability
Total cost
Unforeseen problems
Total lifetime costs (and residual value)
In comparison with most other materials
copper and its alloys score well when the
above are considered. Because of the many
years of experience of usage that are
available, the likelihood of unforeseen
problems is remote.
In this brochure you will find material of all
types with a balance of these properties to
suit most applications. Choice of alloy type
may be helped by use of the following
examples of a few of the many
combinations of properties and applications
of copper-based materials.

Aluminium Bronzes
strength, excellent seawater valves
corrosion resistance and pipefittings
heavy duty bearings
gear selector forks
Copper-Nickel Alloys
resistance to
seawater pipelines
marine biofouling
splashzone
and corrosion
protection
Copper-Chromium Alloys
conductivity, high
resistance welding
temperature
electrodes,
strength
rotor bars
Those who are already familiar with
aluminium and its alloys will have
recognised that many of the properties
possessed by both metals are similar. The
major differences are:
Copper and Copper Alloys

Copper
highest conductivity
of any common
metal

electrical
conductors

excellent ductility

heat exchangers

excellent corrosion
resistance

water tubes
roofing

Better machinability
Stronger across range
Easier to join
Some alloys have a better combination of
properties
Twice the conductivity
Aluminium and Aluminium Alloys
Lighter
Can be anodised

TOUGH
DUCTILE
BRASSES

NAVAL
BRASSES

HIGH TENSILE
BRASS
(MANGANESE
BRONZE)

ALUMINIUM
BRONZE

CZ108

CZ112

CZ114

CA104

GENERAL
COPPER

C101

C106

PHOSPHOROUS
DE-OXIDISED
NON-ARSENICAL
COPPER

LEADED
GUNMETAL

SAE660

C102

PHOSPHOR
BRONZE

PB102

CZ106

TURNING AND
RIVETING
BRASSES

CZ131

CZ122

STAMPING
BRASSES

TURNING
BRASSES

CZ121

CZ124

Type

Alloy

This is phosphorous de-oxidised non-arsenical copper in


tube form or sheet

Besides being the basis of all brasses and bronzes listed above
moderate copper is an engineering material in its own right.
It exhibits high electrical and thermal conductivity and along
with high ductility and impact strength can be a very useful
material.

This product continuously cast, is an ideal medium hard


material with reasonably high abrasion resistance and
moderate emergency running properties.

Phosphor bronzes are alloys of copper and tin. Good corrosion


resistance approaching that of aluminium bronze. The high
fatigue strength of these alloys can be very useful.

These are basically alloys of copper and aluminium with


significant additions of both iron and nickel. They then display
high mechanical strength and excellent resistance to corrosion,
abrasion and shock loading.

Tin again is added to protect against corrosion in marine


and mildly acidic environments. It also raises the strength.
Aluminium and silicon both produce an oxide film which
affects its appearance and wear resistance.

By adding tin to duplex brasses the resistance to corrosion


and dezincification is much increased particularly in salt water.

High purity cold forming brasses are recommended where


severe bending or riveting properties are required.
They machine at slow speeds only and very light feeds.

These brasses are necessarily a compromise as high


machinability coincides with low ductility and vice-versa.
Therefore copper is kept over 60%, lead is lower by 1%
than turning brasses and impurities are controlled.

In this group the lead content is restricted to maintain


machinability yet impart greater ductility. These
characteristics combine to create the standard hot forging
and stamping brass.

Lead is added to brasses to improve machinability


and, being virtually insoluble, exists as small particles
distributed throughout the alloy. These low shear strength
particles act as chip breakers CZ124 has a higher copper
content and is more ductile.

Description

This data is for general reference only; check specific literature for conditions and recommendations.

COPPER

BRONZE

BRASS

Product

Tubes

Rods
Sections
Sheet
Strip

Rounds
Hollows

Rounds
Hexagons
Strip, Sheet

Rounds
Hexagons
Squares
Flats

Rods
Sections
Hollows

Rods,
Sections
Sheet, Plate

Rods, Coil
Sections
Sheet, Strip

Rods
Coil
Sections
Hollows

Rods, Bars
Sections
Hollows

Rods, Bars
Sections
Hollows
Tubes

Wrought
form

Gas Industry
Refrigeration
Building

Electrical, Domestic Appliances


Automotive
General Engineering
Cold Formed Parts

Locomotive Bearings
Coupling Rod Bearings
Sliding Bearings and all Bushes

Process & Chemical Applications


Gears, Worms, Bushes
Aircraft & Marine

Engine Components
High Temperature uses
Valves & Pumps

Architectural
High Strength Components
Process & Chemical
Valve & Fittings

Process & Chemical Industries


Heaters, Marine Industries

Electrical components
Building industry, Nails, Chains
Screws, Scientific, Automotive

Fasteners
Rivets
Automotive Engineering
Domestic Appliances

Sanitary Industry
Valve Bodies, Fittings
All suitable stampings

Zn

99.85
Min

99.9
Min

83

95

80

57

61.5

.75

25

Bal

Bal

30

70

Bal

Bal

Bal

Bal

1.5

Mn

10

Al

Bal

.75

Fe

1.2

Sn

Si

Nominal Chemical Composition %


Pb

63

62

58

High speed machined components 58


in all general applications CZ124
particularly suited to thread
61
rolling.

Industries and Applications

Cu

Ni

Annealed

Half Hard

Continuously
Cast

Half Hard

Drawn

Drawn

Extruded

4 H

4 H

Drawn

Extruded

Drawn

Drawn

Metallurgical
Condition

220

280

340

650

750

500

350

450

450

380

380

400

410

Tensile
Strength
N/mm2

45

220

155

560

430

250

130

350

350

210

200

180

200

45

10

18

15

15

30

25

25

25

25

20

20

45-60

95-105

68-90

210-240

210-300

140-175

100-140

130-160

130-160

110-130

90-110

110-140

130-150

Proof
Elongation Hardness
Stress
% on
VPN
2
0.2% Nmm
5.65 SO

Examples of Mechanical Properties

59

60

NICKEL ALLOYS

Aalco provides its customers


with access to the UKs most
comprehensive nickel alloy stock
range. The range, outlined in this
section, also includes duplex and
super duplex stainless steels and
titanium. In addition, as described
below, Aalco offer a comprehensive
range of in-house processing
facilities, supported by a network
of carefully selected and approved
sub-contractors. As with all
products, Aalco provides a fast,
flexible and reliable service with an
unrivalled level of technical service
and support.

Corrosion Resistant Alloys

Heat Resistant Alloys

MONEL ALLOY

400

INCOLOY ALLOY

DS

MONEL ALLOY

K500

INCOLOY ALLOY

800

INCOLOY ALLOY

825

INCOLOY ALLOY

800HT

INCOLOY ALLOY

925

INCOLOY ALLOY

803

INCONEL ALLOY

625

INCONEL ALLOY

600

INCONEL ALLOY

725

INCONEL ALLOY

601

INCONEL ALLOY

718

NIMONIC ALLOY

75

INCONEL ALLOY

X750

ALLOY

660/A286

Compatible welding consumables for MIG, TIG and MMA processes are
also available.

Product Forms
Strip

Billet

Sheet

Square

Plate

Hexagon

Tubing

Rings

Pipe

Forgings

Wire

Flanges/Fittings

Rounds

Customised products and services


In addition to the many standard stock sizes, Aalco also offers a service for
specials and/or non-standard items that may arise. Using proven out-workers
and numerous international producers, Aalco can source and then customise to
provide exactly the product, alloy and form you require, no matter how large
or small. Service facilities include:
Bar sawing
Shearing
Plasma cutting
Forging
Machining
Heat treatment
Testing
Plate Saw

61

STOCK SIZE RANGES

Sheet/Strip

Tube & Pipe

0.002 to 0.25in (0.05 to 6.4mm) thick.


Up to 60in (1500mm) wide.
Coil or cut flat lengths.

Seamless Tube
0.125 to 4.0in (3.28 to 101.2mm) outside dia.

Seamless Pipe

Plate

0.5in to 10.0in (12.7 to 254mm).

0.1875 to 0.4in (4.8 to 102mm) thick.


Up to 96in (2440mm) wide.
Up to 360in (9140mm) long.

Welded Pipe

Rod and Bar Products

Fittings and Flanges

Hot Rolled Rod in Coil

Fittings

0.217 to 1.03in (5.5 to 25mm) dia.

Elbows, Tees and reducers 180 return bends and


forged outlets.
Manufactured in accordance with ASTM B366.
Tolerances & Dimensions (as applicable) to: ANSI B 16.9.
ANSI B 16.11, ANSI B 16.28, ASNI 16.25, MSS SP43.

0.5in to 24in (12.7 to 610mm).

Cold Drawn Rounds


0.375 to 4.0in (9.5 to 102m) dia.

Cold Drawn Hexagon


Flanges

0.50 to 3.875in (12.7 to 98mm) across flats.

Manufactured in accordance with ANSI B 16.5, BS 1560.

Rounds

The stock range is further enhanced by modern, highly


productive processing equipment ensuring customers of
a cost effective service.

0.375 to 10in (9.5 to 254mm) dia.

Billet (RCS)
4in to 12in (101.6 to 305mm).

ALLOY

Plate

Sheet

NICKEL 200

MONEL Alloy 400

Sheet
in Coil

MONEL Alloy K500

Bar

Billett

*
*

INCONEL Alloy 600

INCONEL Alloy 601

INCONEL Alloy 625

INCONEL Alloy 718

INCONEL Alloy X750

INCOLOY Alloy 925

Hexagon

Pipe

Tube

*
*

Fittings

Flanges

*
*

INCOLOY Alloy 800/800HT

INCOLOY Alloy 825

INCOLOY Alloy DS

C-276 Alloy

*
*

A286 GRADE 660

*
*

6 MOLY

UNS 31803 (DUPLEX)

UNS 32760 (SUPER DUPLEX)

TITANIUM 1,2

T309

T310

T321

17-4 PH SS

*
*

*
*
*

62

NICKEL ALLOYS FAMILY TREE

MONEL 450
Cupro 107
FERRY

MONEL
R405

Cu
MONEL
K500

INCO
HX

Al, Ti

S
MONEL
400

Mo
INCO
25-6MO

Fe
Mo

Mo
INCO
G3

INCOLOY
800, 800H
DS

Fe
Cr

Cr Fe

INCOLOY
925

Cr

INCONEL
690

INCONEL
625

Ti

PRECIPITATION
HARDENABLE

NICKEL
200-201

Al Ti

Mo

SOLID
SOLUTION

Co Fe

Cu
Mo
Cu

INCOLOY
825

NILO K

INCONEL
725

Mo W

INCO
C276

INCONEL
600

Nb

Ti Al
Nb
INCONEL
X750

Mo
INCONEL
706, 718

63

NILO
36-50

Fe

DURANICKEL
301

Fe

Al, Ti
Cr

BRIGHTRAY
B, F, 35

BRIGHTRAY Al, Ti
C, S
NIMONIC 75

NIMONIC
80A

Co

NIMONIC
90

Mo

Y2O 3
Al
Cr

INCONEL
601

INCONEL
MA 754

Cr

INCONEL
MA 758

NIMONIC
105, 115, 263

Cr, Al, Mo, Co


INCONEL
617

Fe

Additions
INCO
A286

Fe

= Iron

Cr

= Chromium

Al

= Aluminium

Ti

= Titanium

Mo

= Molybdenum

Co

= Cobalt

= Tungsten

Cu

= Copper

Y2O3 = Yttrium Oxide


Nb

= Niobium

= Sulphur

64

NICKEL ALLOYS SELECTION GUIDE


ROOM TEMPERATURE

ALLOY
Nickel
200/201

MONEL
alloy
400

BASIC
COMPOSITION %
Ni 99.6
C 0.08

Ni 66.5
Cu 31.5

MONEL
alloy
K-500
INCONEL
alloy
600

Ni 65.5
Cu 29.5
Al 2.7; Ti 0.6
Ni 76.0; Cr 15.5;
Fe 8.0

INCONEL
alloy
601

Ni 60.5; Cr 23.0,
Fe 14.0, Al 1.4

INCONEL
alloy
617

Ni 52.0; Cr 22.0,
Co 12.5, Mo 9.0,
Al 1.2

INCONEL
alloy
625

Ni 61.0; Cr 21.5;
Mo 9.0, Nb + Ta 3.6

INCONEL
alloy
718

Ni 52.5, Cr 19.0,
Fe 18.5,
Mo 3.0,
Nb + Ta 5.1
Ni 73.0, Cr 15.5,
Fe 7.0, Ti 2.5,
Al 0.7, Nb + Ta 1.0
Ni 32.5, Fe 46.0,
Cr 21.0

INCONEL
alloy
X-750
INCOLOY
alloy
800
INCOLOY
alloy
800 HT

Ni 32.5, Fe 46.0,
Cr 21.0, C 0.08,
Al + Ti 1.0

INCOLOY
alloy DS
INCOLOY
alloy
825

Ni 38, Fe 40,
Cr 18, Si 2.2
Ni 42, Fe 30,
Cr 21.5, Mo 3,
Cu 2.2

INCOLOY
alloy
925
INCO
alloy
C-276

Ni 42, Fe 32,
Cr 21, Mo 3,
Cu 2.2, Ti 2.1
Ni 57.0, Mo 16.0,
Cr 15.5, Fe 5.5,
W 3.8

INCO
alloy
A286
NIMONIC
alloy
75

Ni 25.5, Fe 56,
Cr 15, Ti 2.1,
Mo 1.5
Ni 80, Cr 19.5

NIMONIC
alloy
80A

Ni 76, Cr 19.5
Ti 2.4, Al 1.4

NIMONIC
alloy
90

Ni 60, Cr. 19.5,


Co 16.5, Ti 2.5,
Al 1.5

Tensile
Strength
1000 psi
(MPa)
55-80
(380-550)

SPECIFICATIONS & DESIGNATIONS


UNS NO2200 (Nickel 200)/UNS NO2201 (Nickel 201/BS
3072-3076/ASTM B (ASME SB-) 160-163/ASME Code Sec.
III, VIII, IX/AMS 5553 (201)/DIN 17740, 17750-17754/W.
Nr. 2.4060 (200), 2.4066 (200), 2.4061 (201)

Temper
Annealed

UNS NO4400/BS 3072-3076 (NA13)/ASTM B (ASME SB-)


127, 163-165, 564/ASME Code Sec. III, IV, VIII, IX/AMS
4544, 4574, 4575, 4675, 4730, 4731, 7233/DIN 17743,
17750-17754/W. Nr. 2.4360, 2.4361/QQ-N-281/AFNOR
NU30
UNS NO5500/BS 3072-3076 (NA18)/ASME Code Sec. VIII/
AMS 4676/DIN 17743, 17752, 17754/W.
Nr. 2.4375/QQ-N-281.
UNS NO6600/BS 3072-3076 (NA14)/ASTM B (ASME SB-)
163, 166-168, 564/ASME Code Sec. I, III, VIII, IX/AMS 5540,
5580, 5665, 5687, 7232/DIN 17742, 17750-17754/W.
Nr. 2.4816/AFNOR NC 15 Fe
UNS NO6601/ASME Code Sec. VIII/AMS 5715, 5870/DIN
17742, 17750-17752/W. Nr. 2.4851

Annealed

70-90
(480-620)

Aged

140-190
(970-1310)

Annealed

80-100
(550-690)

Annealed

80-115
(550-790)

UNS NO6617/ASME Code Sec. I, VIII

Annealed

110
(760)

UNS NO6625/BS 3072, 3074, 3076 (NA21)/ASTM B


(ASME SB-) 443, 444, 446, 564/ASME Code Sec. I, III, VIII,
IX/AMS 5581, 5599, 5666, 5837/DIN 17744, 17750-17752,
17754/W. Nr. 2.4856/AFNOR 22 D Nb
UNS NO7718/ASTM B 637, B 670/ASME Code Sec. I, III/
AMS 5589, 5590, 5596, 5597, 5662-5664, 5832/W.
Nr. 2.4668/LW Nr. 2.4668/AECMA Pr EN 2404, 2407,
2408
UNS NO7750/BS HR505/ASTM B 637/ASME SB-637,
Code Sec. III/AMS 5542, 5582, 5583, 5598, 5667-5671,
5698, 5699, 5747, 5749, 7246/AFNOR NC 15 Fe T
UNS NO8800/BS 3072-3076 (NA15)/ASTM B (ASME SB-)
163, 407-409, 564/ASME Code Sec. I, III, VIII, IX/AMS
5766, 5871/S. E. W. 470/W. Nr. 1.4876

Annealed

135
(930)

Aged

196
(1350)

Aged

162-193
(1120-1330)

Annealed

75-100
(520-690)

UNS NO8811/ASTM B (ASME SB-) 163, 407-409,


564/ASME Code Sec. I, VIII/W. Nr. 1.4876/BS 3072,
3074, 3076 (NA15H)/S. E. W. 470

Annealed

65-95
(450-660)

BS 3072-3076 (NA17)

Annealed

UNS NO8825/Bs 3072-3074, 3076 (NA14)/ASTM B


(ASME SB-) 163, 423-425/ASME Code Sec. I, III, VIII,
IX/DIN 17744, 17750-17752, 17754/W. Nr. 2.4858

Annealed

87
(600)
85-105
(590-720)

UNS NO9925

UNS N10276/ASTM B (ASME SB-) 574, 575, 619,


622, 626/ASME Code Sec. I, III, VIII, IX/DIN 17744,
17750-17752/W. Nr. 2.4819
UNS S66286, ASTM A453, A638, ASME SA 638, BS HR51,
HR52, HR650, SAE AMS 5525, 5726, 5731, 5732, 5734,
5737, 5858, 5895, AFNOR Z3 NCT 25, W. Nr. 1.4980
UNS NO6075/BS HR5, HR203, HR403, HR504/DIN 17742,
17750-17752/W. Nr. 2.4951, 2.4630/LW. Nr. 2.4630/
AFNOR, NC 20T/AECMA Pr EN 2293, 2294, 2302,
2306-2308, 2402, 2411
UNS NO7080/BS 3076 (NA20), HR 1, HR 201, HR 401,
HR 601/ASTM B 637/DIN 17742, 17754/W. Nr. 2.4952,
2.4631/LW. Nr. 2.4631/AFNOR NC 20TA/AECMA
Pr EN 2188-2191, 2396, 2397
UNS NO7090/BS 3075 (NA19), HR 2, HR 202, HR 402, HR
501-HR 503/AMS 5829/LW. Nr. 2.4632/AFNOR NCK 20TA/
AECMA Pr EN 2295-2299, 2400, 2401, 2412, 2669, 2670.

Aged

176
(1210)

Annealed

115
(790)

Aged

150
(1050)

Annealed

110
(750)

Aged

180
(1220)

Aged

170
(1175)

65

MECHANICAL PROPERTIES
Yield Strength
0.2% Offset
1000 psi
(MPa)
15-30
(100-210)

Elongation
%
55-40

Hardness
Brinell
90-120

25-50
(170-340)

60-35

110-149

110-150
(760-1030)

30-20

265-346

30-50
(210-340)

55-35

120-170

30-60
(210-340)

70-40

110-150

51
(350)

58

173

75
(520)

45

180

171
(1180)

17

382

115-142
(790-980)

30 -15

300-390

30-60
(210-410)

60-30

120-184

20-50
(140-340)

50-30

100-184

32
(220)
35-65
(240-450)

61

50-30

120-180

118
(810)

24

60
(415)

50

184

100
(700)

25

35
(240)

40

170

115
(780)

30

Wrought Ni-Cr alloy strengthened by age-hardening. Creep-resistant alloy for service


at temperatures to 1550F (845C). Gas-turbine blades, rings and discs; die casting
inserts and cores; bolts, nuclear boiler tube supports; piston-engine exhaust valves.

110
(750)

30

346

Wrought Ni-Cr alloy strengthened by addition of Ti and Al. Age-hardened and creepresistant alloy for service at temperatures to 1690F (920C). Turbine blades and
discs, hot-working tools, and high-temperature springs.

DESCRIPTION MAJOR APPLICATIONS


Commercially pure wrought nickel, good mechanical properties, excellent resistance
to many corrosives. Nickel 201 has low carbon (0.02% max.) for applications over
600F (315C). Food processing equipment, chemical shipping drums, caustic
handling equipment and piping, electronic parts, aerospace and missile components,
rocket motor cases, magnetostrictive devices.
High strength, good weldability, excellent corrosion resistance over wide range of
temperatures and conditions. Valves, pumps, shafts, marine fixtures, fasteners,
electrical and electronic components, processing equipment, petroleum refining
and production equipment, feedwater heaters and other heat exchangers.
Age-hardenable version of MONEL alloy 400 for increased strength and hardness.
Pump shafts, doctor blades and scrapers, oil-well drill collars and instruments,
electronic components, springs, valve trims, fasteners.
High nickel, high chromium content for resistance to oxidizing and reducing
environments; for severely corrosive environments at elevated temperatures.
Furnace muffles, electronic components, chemical and food processing
equipment, heat treating equipment, nuclear steam generator tubing.
Excellent high-temperature properties, resistance to oxidizing, carburizing, and
sulphur-containing atmospheres. Heat exchangers, heat-treating baskets and
fixtures, radiant tubes, thermocouple tubes, furnace muffles and retorts,
combustion cans, aircraft engine parts.
Excellent cyclic oxidation and carburization resistance and good stress-rupture
properties. Aerospace and engine components, after-burners, flame holders,
spray bars, combustion can liners, turbine seals, heat-treating equipment, nitric acid
catalyst supports, reformer tubing.
High strength and toughness from cryogenic temperatures to 1800F (980C), good
oxidation resistance, exceptional fatigue strength, and good corrosion resistance.
Chemical and pollution control equipment, ash pit seals, nuclear reactors, marine
equipment, ducting, thrust reverser assemblies, fuel nozzles, afterburners, spray bars.
Excellent strength from 423F to 1300F ( 253C to 705C). Age hardenable and
may be welded in fully aged condition. Excellent oxidation resistance up to 1800F
(980) Jet engines, pump bodies and parts, rocket motors and thrust reversers,
nuclear fuel element spacers, hot extrusion tooling.
Age hardenable alloy with good corrosion and oxidation resistance. Excellent
relaxation resistance. Gas turbine parts, steam service and nuclear reactor springs,
bolts, vacuum envelopes, extrusion dies, bellows, forming tools.
Strong and resistant to oxidation and carburization at elevated temperatures.
Resists sulphur attack, internal oxidation, scaling and corrosion. Heat exchangers,
process piping, carburizing fixtures and retorts, heating element sheathing, nuclear
steam generator tubing.
Similar to alloys 800 and 800H with better high-temperature strength.
Higher design strength values for use above 1150F (620C). Chemical and power
plant super-heater and reheater tubing; steam-methane reformer pigtails, headers,
and furnace tubing; process piping.
Good high-temperature strength and resistance to oxidation and carburization.
Heat-treating furnaces and equipment.
Excellent resistance to wide variety of corrosives. Resists pitting and intergranular
corrosion. Pickling tank heaters, pickling hooks, spent nuclear fuel recovery,
chemical tank trailers, processing equipment, sour well tubing, hydrofluoric acid
production, pollution control and radwaste systems.
Age-hardenable alloy provides high strength up to 1000F (540C). Comparable to
alloy 825 in corrosion resistance. Oil country tubular products, tool joints, surface
and downhole hardware, fasteners, shafting.
Outstanding corrosion resistance in reducing and oxidizing environments.
Maintains corrosion resistance in welded joints. Excellent resistance to pitting and
stress-corrosion cracking. Widely used in severest environments in chemical
processing, pollution control, pulp and paper.
An age-hardenable alloy for high mechanical properties. The alloy maintains good
strength and oxidation resistance up to 700C. An alloy that is extensively used as
stud bolts and fasteners in the aerospace, oil-field and petrochemical industries.
An 80-20 nickel-chromium alloy with controlled additions of titanium and carbon.
Aircraft gas-turbine components needing resistance to oxidation and scaling
combined with medium strength at high temperature.

66

GENERAL DATA

Corrosion Susceptibility of Metals


Most susceptible
to corrosive attack
(less noble)

Least susceptible
to corrosive attack
(more noble)

Magnesium and its alloys


Zinc and its alloys
Aluminium and its alloys
Cadmium
Mild steel
Cast iron
Stainless steel, 13% Cr, type 410 (active)
Lead-tin solder, 50/50
Stainless steel, 18/18 type 304 (active)
Stainless steel, 18/18/3% Mo, type 316 (active)
Lead
Tin
BRASSES
Gunmetals
Aluminium Bronzes
Copper
Copper-nickel alloys
Monel
Titanium and its alloys
Stainless steel, 18/8, type 304 (passive)
Stainless steel, 18/8/3 Mo, type 316 (passive)
Silver
Gold
Platinium

Conversion Factors
Inches x 25.4 = Millimetres

Foot Pounds x 0.1382 = Kilogram Metres

Metres x 3.2808 = Feet

Ounces x 28.3495 = Grams

Kilometres x 0.62137 = Miles

1 tonne per square inch x 15.44 = Mpa

Miles x 1.60934 = Kilometres

1 Mpa x 0.0648 = Tonnes per square inch

Pints x 0.5679 = Litres

1lb per square inch = 0.0068895 Mpa

Litres x 0.22 = Gallons

KSI x 6.894 = Mpa

Gallons x 4.4561 = Litres

9.8 mpa = 1kg per mm2

Square Metres x 10.7639 = Square Feet

N/mm2 = Mpa

Kilogrammes x 2.2046 = Pounds

per Foot x 3.2808 = per Metre

Imperial Tons x 1.016 = Metric Tonnes

1 ngstrom unit = 1/1000 of a micron

Kilograms Force x 9.80665 = Newtons

1 micron = 1/millionth of a metre

Pounds Force x 4.448222 = Newtons

1 micron = 1/1000 of a mm

Pounds per Foot x 1.4882 = Kilogrammes per Metre

1 thou = 25.4 microns

Kilograms Force x 0.9807 = Bar


Bar x 14.5038 = Pounds Force per Square Inch
Kilograms per Square Metre x 0.2048 = Pounds per Square Foot
Kilograms per Square Metre x 9.80665 = Newtons per Square Metre (Pascal)

67

GENERAL DATA

Imperial Wire and Sheet Metal Gauge


No.

Imperial Standard (swg)


ins
mm

No.

Imperial Standard (swg)


ins
mm

No.

Imperial Standard (swg)


ins
mm

0.324

8.23

10

0.128

3.25

20

0.036

0.914

0.300

7.62

11

0.116

2.95

21

0.032

0.813

0.276

7.01

12

0.104

2.64

22

0.028

0.711

0.252

6.40

13

0.092

2.34

23

0.024

0.610

0.232

5.89

14

0.080

2.03

24

0.0220

0.559

0.212

5.38

15

0.072

1.83

25

0.0200

0.508

0.192

4.48

16

0.064

1.63

26

0.0180

0.457

0.176

4.47

17

0.056

1.42

27

0.0164

0.417

0.160

4.06

18

0.048

1.22

28

0.0148

0.376

0.144

3.66

19

0.040

1.02

Formulae for Calculation


All weights shown in this publication are theoretical weights for guidance only. They are calculated using nominal
dimensions and scientifically recognised densities. The formulae used are shown below together with the densities of
the alloys. Please note that in practice, the actual weight can vary significantly from the theoretical weight due to
variations in manufacturing tolerances and compositions.

Form

Dimensions
in mm

Weight for Alloys


of Density
p Kg/dm3

Round

Diameter = d

0.00078540 d2p

Kg/m

Hexagon

Width across flats = f

0.00086603 f2p

Kg/m

Square

Side = a

0.00100 a2p

Kg/m

Flat

Width = w
Thickness = t

0.00100 wtp

Kg/m

Angle/Tee

Leg lengths = L1, I2


Thickness = t

0.00100 (L1 + L2-t)tp

Kg/m

Channel

Leg lengths = L1, I2


Base = B
Thickness = t

0.00100 (B + L1 + L2-2t)tp

Kg/m

Plate/
Sheet

Thickness = t
Length = L
Width = w

tp
0.000001 Lwtp

Kg/m
Kg/Sheet

Strip

Width = w
Thickness = t

0.100 wtp

Kg/100m

Pipe/Tube
(Round)

Outside diameter = D
Inside diameter = d
Wall thickness = t

0.0031416 (D-t)tp, or
0.0031416 (d+t)tp

Kg/m

Square/
Rectangular
Tube

Sides = a1, a2,


Wall thickness = t

0.001 (2a1 + 2a2-4t)tp

Kg/m

Wire

Diameter = d

0.78540 d2p

Kg/Km

68

GENERAL DATA

Density

Melting
Temp C

Thermal
Conductivity

Electrical
Resistivity

UTS

Proof
Stress

Elongation
%

Typical
Youngs
Modulus
GPa

Aluminium pure

2.7

660

201

2.65

105

85

68

Aluminium alloy

2.7

660

184

3.7

310

260

68 to 89

Brass CZ121

8.5

954

110

6.33

400

190

20

103 to 120

Copper C101

8.9

1083

385

1.67

360

280

15

128 to 131

Iron

7.8

1537

80

9.71

210

120

40

152 to 183

Lead

11.3

327

35

20.65

20

60

16 to 18

Nickel alloy
(Nimonic 105)

7.9

1327

12

132.0

990

800

180 to 234

Stainless Steel
(18CR/8Ni)

7.9

1527

150

70

570

215

30

205 to 215

Mild Steel

7.8

1427

63

12

690

350

20

196 to 211

Tin

7.3

232

65

12.8

25

20

60

44 to 53

Metal

69

GENERAL DATA

Chemical Elements
Aluminium Al

Iron Fe

Selenium Se

Arsenic As

Lead Pb

Silicon Si

Boron B

Lithium Li

Sulphur S

Cadmium Cd

Manganese Mn

Tellurium Te

Carbon C

Molybdenum Mo

Tin Sn

Chromium Cr

Nickel Ni

Titanium Ti

Cobalt Co

Niobium Nb

Zinc Zn

Columbium Cb*

Nitrogen N

Zirconium Zr

Copper Cu

Oxygen O

Hydrogen H

Phosphorus P

Densities

Comparative Densities
Density
Kg/dm3

Aluminium

* The American designation for Niobium

2.70

Stainless Steel

Material

Stainless Steel

Density
Factor

1.000

Stainless Steel Ferritic

Ferritic/Martensitic

7.75

and Martensitic

0.977

Austenitic

7.92

Mild and Carbon Steel

0.994

Copper

8.90

Low Alloy Steel

0.987

Brass

8.47

Aluminium

0.341

Bronze

8.89

Copper

1.134

INCOLOY Alloy 800

7.95

Brass

1.066

INCOLOY Alloy 800H

7.95

Aluminium Bronze

0.970

INCOLOY Alloy 825

8.14

Titanium

0.571

INCOLOY Alloy 903

8.14

Lead

1.440

INCOLOY Alloy DS

7.92

INCONEL Alloy 600

8.42

INCONEL Alloy 601

8.06

INCONEL Alloy 617

8.36

INCONEL Alloy 625

8.44

INCONEL Alloy 690

8.19

INCONEL Alloy 718

8.19

INCONEL Alloy X-750

8.25

MONEL Alloy 400

8.83

MONEL Alloy K-500

8.46

Nickel 200

8.89

Nickel 201

8.89

UNS 31803

7.80

17-4 PH

7.75

BRANCHES
ABERDEEN
41 Castle Terrace
Aberdeen AB11 5EA
Tel: 01224 596611
Fax: 01224 596622
e-mail: aberdeen@aalco.co.uk
BELFAST
The Belfast Metal Centre
McKinney Industrial Estate
54 Mallusk Road
Newtownabbey BT36 4PX
Tel: 02890 838838
Fax: 02890 837 837
e-mail: belfast@aalco.co.uk
BIRMINGHAM
Shelah Road
Halesowen
West Midlands B63 3PH
Tel: 0121 585 3600
Fax: 0121 585 6864
e-mail: birmingham@aalco.co.uk
CHEPSTOW
Avenue West
Newhouse Park Estate
Chepstow
Monmouthshire NP16 6UD
Tel: 01291 638 638
Fax: 01291 638 600
e-mail: chepstow@aalco.co.uk
DYFED
Units 3-4
Capel Hendre Industrial Estate
Ammanford
Carmarthenshire SA18 3SJ
Tel: 01269 842044
Fax: 01269 845276
e-mail: dyfed@aalco.co.uk
GLASGOW
117 Clydesmill Place
Cambuslang Investment Park
Glasgow G32 8RF
Tel: 0141 646 3200
Fax: 0141 646 3260
e-mail: glasgow@aalco.co.uk

HULL
Saxon Way
Priory Park West
Hessle
Hull HU13 9PB
Tel: 01482 626262
Fax: 01482 626263
e-mail: hull@aalco.co.uk
LEEDS
Unit 1, Revie Road off Elland Road
Leeds LS11 8JG
Tel: 0113 276 3300
Fax: 0113 276 0382
e-mail: leeds@aalco.co.uk
LIVERPOOL
207 Great Howard Street
Liverpool L5 9ZH
Tel: 0151 207 3551
Fax: 0151 207 2657
e-mail: liverpool@aalco.co.uk
MANCHESTER
Express Trading Estate
Stone Hill Road
Farnworth
Bolton BL4 9NN
Tel: 01204 863456
Fax: 01204 863430
e-mail: manchester@aalco.co.uk
NEWCASTLE
First Avenue
Team Valley Trading Estate
Gateshead
Tyne & Wear NE11 0NU
Tel: 0191 491 1133
Fax: 0191 491 1177
e-mail: newcastle@aalco.co.uk
NORWICH
Roundtree Way
Mousehold Lane
Norwich NR7 8SR
Tel: 01603 787878
Fax: 01603 789999
e-mail: norwich@aalco.co.uk

NOTTINGHAM
Harrimans Lane
Dunkirk
Nottingham NG7 2SD
Tel: 0115 988 2600
Fax: 0115 988 2636
e-mail: nottingham@aalco.co.uk
SLOUGH
Unit 2, 552 Fairlie Road
Slough Trading Estate
Slough
Berkshire SL1 4PY
Tel: 01753 619900
Fax: 01753 512227
e-mail: slough@aalco.co.uk
SOUTHAMPTON
Test Lane
Nursling
Southampton SO16 9TA
Tel: 02380 875200
Fax: 02380 875275
e-mail: southampton@aalco.co.uk
STOKE
Unit F, Forge Way
Brown Lees Industrial Est
Biddulph
Stoke-on-Trent ST8 7DN
Tel: 01782 375700
Fax: 01782 375701
e-mail: stoke@aalco.co.uk
SWANLEY
Units 6 & 7
Pedham Place Industrial Estate
Wested Lane
Swanley
Kent BR8 8TE
Tel: 01322 610900
Fax: 01322 610910
e-mail: swanley@aalco.co.uk