This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
1.1 Solutions of Equations 1.2 Multiplication of Polynomials 1.3 Factorisation
Solve simple linear and fractional equations. Expand products of algebraic expressions. Factorise expressions of the form
, a 2 + 2ab + b 2 and ax 2 +bx + c .
a +b , a 2 x 2 −b 2 x x
1.4 Solving Quadratic Equations 2. SIMULTANEOUS EQUATIONS 2.1 Simultaneous Linear Equations in Two Unknowns 2.2 Simultaneous Linear and NonLinear Equations in Two Unknowns
Solve quadratic equations by factorization. Solve quadratic equations by use of quadratic
Solve simultaneous linear equations in two unknowns either by substitution or by elimination.
Solve simultaneous linear and non-linear equations
in two unknowns by substitution.
New Additional Mathematics Chapter 2 Additional Mathematics Chapter 5
Find the coordinates of the points of intersection of
a straight line and a curve by solving their equations simultaneously.
3.1 Distance between Two Points
Calculate the length of a line segment by using the formula
( x 2 − x1 ) 2 + ( y 2 − y1 ) 2 .
Solve problems on distance between two points.
New Additional Mathematics Chapter 7 Additional Mathematics Chapter 7
Topic 3.2 Midpoint of the Line Joining Two Points
Find the midpoint of a line segment using
x1 + x 2 y1 + y 2 , and solve problems related to the 2 2 midpoint of a line segment.
3.3 Gradient of a Line 3.4 Equation of a Straight Line
Calculate the gradient of a straight line passing
through two points. State the gradient of a straight line from a given equation.
Obtain the equation of a straight line graph in the
form y = mx + c given the gradient, m and the yintercept, c. Obtain the equation of a straight line using y − y1 = m( x − x1 ) given the gradient and one point (x1 , y1) on the straight line. State that the gradients of parallel lines are equal. Solve problems on the gradients and equations of parallel lines and non-parallel lines.
3.5 Equations of Parallel and Non-Parallel Lines
3.6 Equations of Perpendicular Lines
State that the product of the gradients of the
3.7 Perpendicular Bisector 3.8 Miscellaneous Problems
perpendicular lines is equal to −1. (m1 m 2 = −1) . Solve problems on the gradients and equations of perpendicular lines.
Write the equation of the perpendicular bisector of a 3
given line segment and solve problems on perpendicular bisector.
Solve miscellaneous problems on coordinate
geometry including finding the coordinates of vertices of a triangle or quadrilateral, ratio of lengths of sides and area of a triangle or trapezium.
Topic 4. INDICES / SURDS
4.1 Indices (Exponents)
Perform simple operations using rules of
indices. Simplify expressions and write answers as a single term e.g. write
4.2 Simple Exponential Equations
the form of a power of 2. Expand and simplify expressions like
( a 3 + b 3 )( a 3 − b 3 ) .
2 1 1 2
2 3 x −2.8 x as a single term in 4 2 x +1
New Additional Mathematics Chapter 3 Additional Mathematics Chapter 4
Solve simple exponential equations a x = b by using
the same base or index. Solve exponential equations e.g. 2 2 x −3(2 x ) +2 = 0 by using suitable substitution. Define a surd as a root that cannot be expressed as a rational number. Apply the rules of surds a × b = ab and a a = to perform simple b b operations with surds.
http://library.thinkquest.org/C 0110248/algebra/islsurdlaw.h tml
http://www.purplemath .com/modules/radicals. htm
4.4 Rationalising Surds
Know that the product of a surd expression and its
conjugate surd gives a rational number. Rationalise the denominator of simple surds like 1 8 , , by multiplying both numerator and 3 2 denominator with the surd itself.
Rationalise the denominator of surds like
2 3 +10 3 −1
2 3− 2
by multiplying both numerator and
denominator with the conjugate surd of the denominator. Solve word problems involving surds.
Topic 5. LOGARITHMIC & EXPONENTIAL FUNCTIONS 5.1Logarithmic Functions
5.2Laws of Logarithms
Define logarithmic function as the inverse of exponential function. Convert exponential functions to logarithmic functions and vice-versa. Solve simple logarithmic equations such as x = log 2 64 , log x 25 = 2 , etc. by converting to exponential form.
New Additional Mathematics Chapter 3 and Chapter 19 (Graphs of Exponential and Logarithmic Functions) Additional Mathematics Chapter 7 http://www.coolmath.c om/algebra/Algebra2/0 6ExponentialsLogs/07_ whatsalog.htm
State and apply the laws of logarithms to evaluate
5.3 Common and Natural Logarithms logarithmic expressions. Apply the laws of logarithms to solve logarithmic equations.
Define common logarithm as logarithm to the
base 10, written as lg x. Define natural logarithm as logarithm to the base e, written as ln x. Solve equations of the form a x = b by taking logarithms on both sides. Solve logarithmic equations involving common and natural logarithms. Solve exponential equations involving substitution and use of logarithms e.g. 32 x −6(3 x ) +8 = 0 . Solve simultaneous equations involving exponential functions and logarithmic functions. 5.6Application of
Equations Involving Exponential & Logarithmic Functions 5.5Change-of-Base Law
Exponential & Logarithmic Functions
State the change-of-base law log a b =
log c b . log c a
Apply the change-of-base law to simplify and evaluate logarithmic expressions. Apply the change-of-base law to solve logarithmic equations. Solve word problems involving exponential and logarithmic functions.
Topic 5.7Graph of Exponential & Logarithmic Functions
Resources/Activities Use Graphmatica software or graphic calculator to investigate the graphs of exponential and logarithmic functions.
Draw the basic graph of exponential and logarithmic functions, y = e x and y = ln x. Explain the characteristic of the two graphs. Recognize that since y = ln x is the inverse function of y = e x , thus the graph of y = ln x is the reflection of the graph of y = e x in the line y = x. Sketch or draw the graph of exponential and logarithmic functions and use it to solve equations graphically.
6.1 Introduction to Functions
Understand the terms function, domain, range
(image set), one-one function, inverse function and composition of functions. Use the notation, f : x → lg x, (x > 0) [read as ‘f maps x onto lg x’] , 1 f(x) = sin x [read as ‘f of x is equal to sin x’], f − (x) and f 2 (x) = f(f(x)).
New Additional Mathematics Chapter 9 Additional Mathematics Chapter 2
6.2 Composite Functions
6.3 Inverse Functions
Form composite functions. Know that fg ≠ gf , f 2 ( x) ≠ ( f ( x )) 2 . Explain in words why a given function is a function
or why it does not have an inverse. Find the inverse of a one-one function and of a composite function. Use sketch graphs to show the relationship between a function and its inverse.
http://www.coolmath.c om/algebra/Algebra2/0 5InverseFuncs/02_oneto-one.htm Use Graphmatica software to investigate the relationship between a function and its inverse. Use Graphmatica software or graphic calculator to observe the relation between of graphs of y = f(x) and y= f(x) .
6.4 Absolute-Valued Functions
Understand and use the relationship between y =
f(x) and y = f(x) where f(x) may be linear, , quadratic or trigonometric. Solve absolute-valued equations. Sketch the graphs of the absolute-valued functions.
Topic 7. FACTORS OF POLYNOMIALS 7.1 Polynomial Identities
Recognise polynomials and know the terms:
coefficient, constant term, degree of a polynomial and polynomial identity. Find unknowns in an identity.
7.2 Remainder Theorem
Find the remainder when a polynomial f(x) is
divided by (ax+b) using long division, then use the −b ). Remainder Theorem to evaluate f ( a Evaluate unknowns using the Remainder Theorem.
New Additional Mathematics Chapter 5 New Additional Mathematics Chapter 6 http://www.purplemath .com/modules/polydiv3. htm
7.3 Factor Theorem 7.4 Solving Cubic Equations
Determine if (ax + b) is a factor by testing if
f( −b ) =0. a
Find one factor for f(x) by trial and error. Find the other factors either by long division or by inspection. Solve f(x) = 0 and if the resulting quadratic factor cannot be factorised further, then use the quadratic formula.
8. QUADRATIC EXPRESSIONS AND EQUATIONS 8.1 Maximum/ Minimum Value of a Quadratic Expression
Write f: x → ax2 + bx + c in the completed square form f:
x → a(x – h)2 + k.
Find the maximum or minimum point of the
New Additional Mathematics Chapter 4 Additional
f: x → ax2 + bx + c by using the completed square form
Mathematics Chapter 3
or any other method. Sketch the graph of f(x) and describe the properties of the parabola. Determine the range of f(x) for a given domain.
Topic 8.2 Roots of a Quadratic Equation
Resources/Activities http://www.coolmath.c om/algebra/Algebra1/1 1Quadratics/07_introgr aphing.htm to ...Quadratics/17.... Use Graphmatica software or graphic calculator to investigate the coordinates of the maximum or minimum points in relation to the values of h and k in the function f: x → a(x – h)2 + k. http://www.purplemath .com/modules/ineqqua d.htm
State the conditions with respect to the discriminant
b 2 −4ac for a quadratic equation ax2 + bx + c = 0 to
have (i) two real and distinct roots, (ii) two real and equal roots, or (iii) no real roots. Determine the nature of the roots of a quadratic equation. State the conditions when a given line (i) intersects a given curve at two points, b 2 −4ac > 0 , (ii) is a tangent to a given curve, b 2 −4ac = 0 , or (iii) does not intersect a given curve, b 2 −4ac < 0 . Solve problems related to the condition that b 2 −4ac = 0 given that the roots of the quadratic equation are real and equal or that a line is a tangent to a curve.
8.3 Quadratic Inequalities
Find the solution set for quadratic inequalities. Solve quadratic inequalities formed using conditions related to b 2 −4ac ≥ 0 (when the roots are real), b 2 −4ac > 0 or b 2 −4ac < 0 .
Text books 1. New Additional Mathematics (Ho Soo Thong & Khor Nyak Hiong) 2. Additional Mathematics (H H Heng, JF Talbert)