You are on page 1of 17

2014-15

WILDLIFE
SANCTUARIES
OF INDIA

HARSHVARDHAN
PRATIHAR
XII-C

acknowledgement
It gives me immense pleasure to express my
gratitude to my biology teacher Mrs. SONIA
SHARMA for her guidance, support and
encouragement throughout the duration of the
project.
Without her motivation and help, the successful
completion of this project would not have been
possible .

Harshvardhan Pratihar
XII-C
.

Certificate

This is to certify that Harshvardhan Pratihar,


a student of class XII-C of Tagore Public
School has successfully completed the research
project on the topic Wildlife Sanctuaries Of
India under the guidance of Mrs. SONIA
SHARMA.
This project is absolutely genuine and does not
indulge in plagiarism of any kind. The
references taken in making this project have
been declared at the end of this report.

__________________
(Subject Teacher)

__________________
(Principal)

INDEX
1 INTODUCTION
2 ESTABLISHMENT OF WILDLIFE
SANCTUARIES
3 WILDLIFE SANCTUARIES OF
INDIA
A) Some of the famous wildlife
sanctuaries of India
B) Tal Chhapar Sanctuary
C) Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary
D) Ranthambor National Park
E) Bharatpur Bird sanctuary

INRTODUCTION
A wildlife sanctuary is a space that is set aside
exclusively for the use of wild animals, which
are protected when they roam or live in that
area. They are also referred to as wildlife
refuges in some areas. Typically, a sanctuary is
created through a government mandate that sets
the space aside for the use of animal protection,
and rangers or other government employees
may patrol the area to ensure that no one hunts
or otherwise harasses the animals.

ESTABLISHMENT OF
WILDLIFE SANCTUARIES
There are a number of reasons to establish a
wildlife sanctuary. In many cases, a government
creates one for the purpose of protecting
endangered species with a limited territorial
range. Since it is not always possible to relocate
animals or breed them in captivity, protecting
their natural habitat can be very important.
Endangered species are typically closely
monitored, and if their populations grow while
under protection, some specimens may be
captured for breeding in conservation parks to
ensure that the species survives.
A sanctuary may also be established for the
purpose of maintaining biodiversity, or
preserving a nation's unique natural
environment. For example, several rainforest
countries have wildlife sanctuaries that are

intended to preserve the rainforest as well as the


creatures in it; since these conditions could
never be replicated somewhere else, it is
necessary to preserve them where they are.
Many nations also recognize the value of their
natural environment and the local wildlife, and
as a result they have made the establishment of
sanctuaries a priority.

Typically, human access to a wildlife sanctuary


is restricted. If people are allowed on the site,
they must be escorted to ensure that they do not
disturb the animals or damage the environment.
Biologists and other researchers may work at
the refuge to learn more about the animals that
live there, but they also tend to adopt a minimal
interference approach, to keep the animals as
wild as possible.

Some sanctuaries also offer wildlife


rehabilitation. In these instances, the refuge
agrees to take in injured and abandoned wildlife
and nurse it back to health before releasing it
into the sanctuary or sending it to another
location. Since the goal is often to keep the
animals as wild as possible, a number of
techniques are used to prevent the animals from
becoming too familiar with humans, such as
using puppets for feeding so that the young
animals do not learn to associate humans with
food.

WILDLIFE SANCTURIES
OF INDIA
India has 515 animal sanctuaries, referred to as
Wildlife sanctuaries (IUCN Category IV
Protected Area). Among these, the 41 Tiger
Reserves are governed by Project Tiger, and
are of special significance in the conservation of
the tiger. Some wildlife sanctuaries are
specifically named Bird Sanctuary, e.g.
Keoladeo National Park before attaining
National Park status. Many National Parks were
initially wildlife sanctuaries.
Wildlife sanctuaries are of national importance
to conservation, usually due to some flagship
faunal species, are named National Wildlife
Sanctuary, like the tri-state National Chambal
(Gharial) Wildlife Sanctuary for conserving the
Gharial.

Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary


Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary
Sunderbans Tiger Reserve
Thattekkad Bird Sanctuary
Valley of Flowers
Bandhavgarh National Park
Bandipur National Park
Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary
Chilka Lake Bird Sanctuary
Corbett National Park
Dachigam National Park
Dudhwa National Park
Eravikulam National Park
Gir National Park
Hemis High Altitude Park
Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary
Kanha National Park

Kaziranga National Park


Keoladeo National Park
Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary
Mahim Nature Park
Manas National Park
Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary
Nagarhole National Park
Nagarjunasagar Wildlife Sanctuary
Nandankanan Zoo
Panna National Park
Pench National Park
Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary
Rajaji National Park
Ranthambore National Park
Renuka Wildlife Sanctuary

Tal Chhapar Sanctuary


It is situated in Rajasthan. It is known for black
bucks and is also home to a variety of birds. It lies
on the way of the passage of many migratory birds
such as harriers. These birds pass through this area
during September. Birds commonly seen in the
sanctuary are harriers, Eastern Imperial Eagle,
Tawny Eagle, Short-toed Eagle, sparrow, and Little
Green Bee-eaters, Black Ibis and Demoiselle Cranes,
which stay there till March. On the other hand,
skylark, crested lark, Ring Dove, brown dove and
blue jay are seen throughout the year.

Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary


Serene and tranquil, nestled at the foothills of the
Western Ghats in Kerala, Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary
spreads across around an area of around 750 sq. km.,
and is home to elephants, tigers, nilgiri tahrs and
nilgiri langurs. Apart from this several endangered
birds along with the elusive Malabar hornbill bird are
also found here. This park is known for its picturesque
beauty and enchanting views. It just works its magic
on you.

Ranthambore National Park


Located in the Sawai Madhopur district of Rajasthan,
Ranthambore is another major attraction of India. As
every place of Rajasthan, this park is also captivating.
There is a magnificent fort belonging to the 10th
century inside this park. A diverse range of flora and
fauna this park is mostly of deciduous forest so that
spotting tiger, sambar, sloth bear, hyena, leopard and
panther is relatively easy. Many times in safaris, one
can catch glimpses of tiger cubs.

Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary


The famous Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary also known as
Keoladeo Ghana National Park is situated in
Rajasthan. Bharatpur bird sanctuary is one of the
best bird sanctuaries in India and one of the finest
bird parks in the world. Apart from the Great Thar
Desert, Big forts and beautiful lakes, Birds of
bharatpur sanctuary are one of the major tourist
attractions in Rajasthan. Thousands of rare and
highly endangered birds come here during the winter
season. The bharatpur bird sanctuary is paradise for
the bird lovers to watch some of the most exotic
birds in the world.

SUMMARY
Wildlife Sancturies are really an important aspect in
keeping the wildlife safe and secure. Generally it is
seen that in recent years many of the scarce species
are on the verge of extinction. Indian tigers are left
in just thousand, in numbers. They are facing a fear
of getting extinct. Indian government is trying very
much to keep this awesome species alive and be
large in numbers.
Bio diversity comes instantly to mind. We need to
study the existing life forms to determine their
benefits to mankind before we lose them forever.
The loss of only one species in an area could mean
the collapse of an entire eco system. The wildlife is
not ours to dispense of, it belongs to future
generations as well as our own. Please lets keep the
magic that is nature alive and well so that we might
get to share it with our descendants.

BIBLIOGRAPHY
http://www.mapsofindia.com/maps/wildlife/
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wildlife_sanctuaries_of
_India
www.thrillophilia.com/blog/top-10-wildlifesanctuaries-in-india/
www.thewildlifeofindia.com/wildlifesanctuaries.html
india.wikia.com/wiki/Wildlife_sanctuaries_of_
India