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Original Title: Response Spectra

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Structural Mechanics Laboratory

IGCAR, Kalpakkam

INDIA

Email-allwayzitzme@gmail.com

1. Introduction

In the context of seismic analysis and design of structures, various earthquake data may be

required depending upon the nature of analysis being carried out. The most common way to describe a

ground motion or earthquake data is a time history record. Time history is a record of time vs.

acceleration values at the respective time. The records can also be of velocity, or displacement.

Generally, the directly measured quantity is the acceleration and the other parameters are the derived

quantities.

A response spectrum is simply a plot of the peak or steady-state response (displacement,

velocity or acceleration) of a series of oscillators of varying natural frequency, that are forced into

motion by the same base vibration or shock. The resulting plot can then be used to pick off the response

of any linear system, given its natural frequency of oscillation. The response spectrum of an earthquake

is the most favored seismic input for earthquake engineers. There are a number of response spectra

that are defined for representing the ground motion, such as, displacement response spectrum, pseudo

velocity response spectrum, absolute acceleration response spectrum, and energy spectrum.

2.1 Displacement Response Spectrum

A displacement response spectrum is the plot of maximum displacement of a single degree of

freedom system (SDOF) to a particular ground motion as a function of the natural frequency and

damping ratio of the SDOF. Derivation of the displacement response spectrum forms the basis for

deriving other spectra.

The time response of a linear SDOF system to a given ground acceleration is governed by the

differential equation:

(2.1.1)

Where m is mass of SDOF, u is the displacement relative to the ground, is the ground acceleration; c,

k are damping and stiffness of SDOF respectively. Eq. 2.1.1 can be written as follows

2

Where

(2.1.2)

To get the response of SDOF system, equation (2.1.2) is integrated w.r.t time for a given

damping, for a given seismic input once natural period of vibration is known.

If the response for different SDOF systems is calculated , maintaining the damping ratio and

varying the natural period of vibration, and represent the maximum value of each response against the

http://sites.google.com/site/kolukulasivasrinivas/

natural period of vibration, we get the Displacement Response Spectrum of the given seismic data for a

particular damping ratio.

The pseudo-velocity and pseudo-acceleration are given by:

;

(2.2.1)

(2.2.2)

The respective plots are called pseudo-velocity and pseudo-acceleration response spectra.

In the present code EL-centro earthquake data for one minute is taken and its various response

spectra are plotted. Eq. (2.1.2) is solved for response using ode45 present in MATLAB. The relative

damping is taken as 2%. Following are the various plots obtained using the code ResponseSpectra.m.

of 5s to El Centro ground motion

http://sites.google.com/site/kolukulasivasrinivas/

http://sites.google.com/site/kolukulasivasrinivas/

http://sites.google.com/site/kolukulasivasrinivas/

http://sites.google.com/site/kolukulasivasrinivas/

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