The research process is start with the situation analysis and formulation of hypotheses selecting from among various methods of research scope of the study, data collection, data analysis and suggestion & solution. Finally it ends in a research report. RESEARCH PROCESS FLOW-CHART Situation Analysis

Formulation Of Hypotheses Significance Of Problem Scope Of The Study Data Collection Data Processing Data Analysis Suggestion And Solutions Report writing Verification and predictions

Situation Analysis: a project process involves the following steps:
1. Recognition of a need - to me it means that the functional requirements have been clearly defined and stated;

2. Generate ideas on how to fulfill the need; 3. Develop viable concepts based on generated ideas; 4. Perform design based on the concepts; 5. Implement the design. And the problem solving steps in the situation analysis are 1. Organize the knowledge about the system/situation; 2. Develop a functional model of the system/situation; 3. Analyze the model for problem solving ideas

Research Hypotheses: Formulation of hypotheses is the important step in
the process of formulating the research problem. Formulation of hypotheses plays an important role in the growth of the knowledge in the every field. Formulation of research hypotheses: To formulate a research hypothesis we start with a research question and: 1.

generate operational definitions for all variables, and formulate a research hypothesis keeping in mind
 

Expected relationships or differences Operational definitions


Hypothesis can also be classified in terms of how they were derived

Inductive hypotheses - a generalization based on observation

Deductive hypotheses - derived from theory


A hypothesis can be directional or non-directional.


Hypotheses can also be stated as research hypotheses (as we have considered them so far) or as statistical hypotheses.


The statistical hypotheses consist of the null hypothesis (H0), the hypothesis of no difference and the alternative hypothesis (H1 or HA) which is similar in form to the research hypothesis.

Research hypotheses Significance of the problem : The research should be defined and pointing
out its core nature and its importance. The issue related to the problem may also be confirmed. This statement gives direction to the research process

Scope of the study : A complete study of any problem is well near nonmanageable would involve an vast mountain of data therefore the scope and dimension of the study should be encircled with reference to the tropical scope ( Like breadth and depth, geographical area, period etc.) the purpose of this limit is to make study manageable in the terms of the researcher’s aim, interest etc.

Data collection : Data refers to a collection of organized information,
usually the results of experience, observation or experiment, or a set of

premises. This may consist of numbers, words, or images, particularly as measurements or observations of a set of variables. Five basic steps are outlined below that will help determine what data to collect: 1. Find out what happened, and be as specific as possible. At what level in the overall system, product, or process was the event discovered? 2. Method of detection. Internally? Externally? 3. Find out when the event happened. During testing? During production run? 4. Find out if there is a similar event in historical records. If the answer is "yes," it could save time by eliminating some data collection. 5. Find out if there have been any recent changes. Check vendor materials, test conditions, etc. How will data be collected and reported Data may be collected by either manual or automatic means. Most test results or observations are recorded manually on forms customized to collect specific information then input into a computer database. Data is sometimes taken automatically through the use of electronic devices that send information directly to a database. The automatic data information gathering technique is usually desirable where continuous monitoring is necessary. There are no standards for how to record or store data. When data is input into a computer, manually or automatically, both retrieval and use become obviously better. There are many software packages on the market that can be readily tailored to fit specific needs.

Data processing :

Data processing refers to a class of programs that organize and manipulate data, usually large amounts of numeric data. Accounting programs are the prototypical examples of data processing applications. In contrast, word processors, which manipulate text rather than numbers, are not usually referred to as data processing applications.

Data analysis: Data analysis is the process of looking at and summarizing
data with the intent to extract useful information and develop conclusions. Data analysis is closely related to Data mining, but data mining tends to focus on larger data sets, with less emphasis on making inference, and often uses data that was originally collected for a different purpose. Some people divide data analysis into exploratory data analysis and confirmatory data analysis, where the EDA focuses on discovering new features in the data, and CDA on confirming or falsifying existing hypotheses. Data analysis assumes different aspects, and possibly different names, in different fields.

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