# INTRODUCTION Recently fuzzy logic has found increasing applicability in the field of vehicle control.

Applications include automatic transmission, engine control, cruise control, antiskid braking, and air conditioning, among others. This application note focuses on automatic transmission control. AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION : BASIC MODEL A basic automatic transmission system is shown in Figure 1. Fuzzy logic is employed to infer the best gear selection. The four fuzzy inference unit inputs are sensor based signals from the car itself. Using throttle, vehicle speed, engine speed, engine load, the fuzzy inference unit determines a shift, i.e., gear number, for the car. Figure 1 Automatic Transmission System

Definitions of Input/Output Variables To create a fuzzy inference unit, we first need to define labels (membership functions) for input and output variables. Examples of such labels are shown in Figures 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6. The output variable Shift uses singleton membership functions because the TVFI (Truth Value Flow Inference) method is the preferred method of defuzzification. Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Rules Using labels as defined above, we can write rules for the fuzzy inference unit shown in Figure 1. Rules embody the knowledge base required for decision making. They are represented as English like if-then statements. For example, the following is a rule: IF Throttle Vehicle_Speed Engine_Speed Engine_Load Shift is is is is is Low and Low and Low and High No_1 2 3 4 5 6 Labels and Membership Functions of Labels and Membership Functions of Labels and Membership Functions of Labels and Membership Functions of Labels and Membership Functions of Throttle Vehicle_Speed Engine_Speed Engine_Load Shift

THEN

We can write many such rules to cover the different situations encountered in transmission of power to wheel. The totality of such rules constitutes a fuzzy inference unit for gear selection in an automobile. AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION : MODIFIED MODEL The performance of the above automatic transmission model is not very good. The gear shifting procedure is implemented without taking into account the driving environment. We, as humans, drive in different "modes" depending on road conditions. For example, we sometimes drive at a constant low gear when negotiating a windy mountainous road. This avoids unnecessary gear shifting, which can add to engine wear and make for a less than smooth ride for passengers. With this in mind, a modified transmission system is shown in Figure 7. We have added an extra input, mode, to the fuzzy inference unit to influence gear shift behavior. This new driving mode can be inferred by fuzzy logic(FIU B) as well. Figure 7 Figure 8 Modified Automatic Transmission System Fuzzy Inference Unit for Driving Mode

Figure 8 shows a fuzzy inference unit for inferring driving mode. To create an FIU, we develop rules such as the following: If Vehicle_Speed Variation_of_Vehicle_Speed Slope_Resistance Accelerator Mode Vehicle_Speed Variation_of_Vehicle_Speed Slope_Resistance Accelerator Mode is is is is is is is is is is Low and Small and Positive_Large and Medium then Steep_Uphill_Mode Medium and Small and Negative_Large and Small then Gentle_Downhill_Mode

If

The driving mode output of FIU B can then be further used to affect the gear shifting procedure. For example, if mode is Steep_Uphill_Mode, a downshift is necessary in order to obtain greater engine power. If mode is Gentle_Downhill_Mode, we also need a lower gear than would be the case for a flat smooth road. The lower gear provides engine braking power. Typical gear selection rules could look as follows: If If Mode Shift Mode Shift is Steep_Uphill_Mode then is No_2 is Gentle_Downhill_Mode then is No_3