Kaitoukov V.M.

Evolution of Dictate (essays of psychophysiological investigation)

Moscow, Nezavisimaya Gazeta, 19 February 1993, p.8. "Dictate's interests are the Motor Force of History" At the time of total scrambling, shooting, earthquakes and food searching, it looks unbelievable that somebody among us just now can discuss and present in a new light the most important problems of human being. Who are we? If neither economy no people, what else is the motor force of history? What is the role of the intelligence? Why is the criminal world so easily rooting everywhere into state structures? What is awaiting us in the future? Is an intelligent global government suggested by Sakharov feasible? Who of thinkers were not worried sometimes by these questions, but is there anybody who cares for them now? Yes, our turmoil turns out to be just the proper time for these questions. The book of V. Kaitoukov "Dictate Evolution" (essays of a psycho physiological investigation).-(In Russian) (published by a Small Enterprise "Uramos" in Moscow in 1992 on 468 pages with a modest circulation of 2500 books) looks like a powerful stream of fresh wind revealing the global problems of philosophy and raising a hope in strength of human mind. In the present philosophical treatise applying the conceptions of Freud, Tolman, Kierkegaard, Heidegger, L. Gumilev, the author synthesized the human knowledge and the accumulated experience in an attempt to find out a nature and an essence of dictate, to figure out its most important reasons and the most characteristic forms of manifestation. The treatise sheds light on such fundamental questions as: What are the prompting basement and the direct initiation of events? Where are all dictators and executioners of all ranges and under different guises (from Dionysian to Mao Tse-Tung) coming from? Why do "common" in all respect persons at a certain social structure turn to be fierce villains or possessed fanatics? Where (and why) is a mass of butchers and informers, revolutionaries of all kinds, elevated victims and indifferent witnesses coming from? Not less interesting is the question: Why does all of a sudden a certain peace loving nation explosively give birth to a mass of thinkers, or villains, or stoics ready to any ordeals? The philosophical treatise

demonstrates explicitly the everywhere penetrating affect of evolving dictate, its influence (with the most profit to itself) on state ethics and moral, sex and laws, external and internal wars, economy and creative intellect, up-bringing and education. The book of V. Kaitoukov is written not for governing officials (they know quite well the means of their governing). It comes out to be a Promethean fire for orientation in the life of true creators of history, the creative intellectuals, who are called in the book as contradictate passionaries. The last part of the book covering extrapolations and conclusions looks as if not completely fulfilled but the wealthy main content of the book supplies a good material for farther considerations. The value of the book is its positioning a person in the center of attention that allows the author to screen many transit difficulties and problems and extract those permanently repeated in any state and at any time. The book content and the way of its presentation suggest a certain level of readers' education. Not all of the concepts of the treatise are readily accepted but profound consideration of the items and good examples from the ancient and current history conceivably demonstrate the correctness of the main theses suggested by the author. In spite of explicit proving of the concepts, the book seems will not be popular either in this country or abroad. With applications of all possible efforts, the book will be avoided and ignored by those, who are unveiled in the book including big and small dictate hierarchs, conductors, accompanying "gray" people, highly promoted and valued by dictate actressing prostitutes, and so on, and from them the author will not get any gratitude. The logically proved and historically argued answers to many questions on the global evolution for a long time agitating people and an attraction of attention to a row of important problems of human being make the book of V. Kaitoukov highly advisable to everybody, who is searching for a firm foundation in the chaos of life and an intelligent direction of his activity. May be, educated descendants will recollect our days as the time of the first edition of "Evolution of Dictate". Yu. Stoilov Dr. Annotation. Kaitoukov V.M. Evolution of Dictate (essays of psycho physiological investigation). -- (In Russian). S.E. "Uramos", Moscow, 1991, 468-pp. Contemporary people get used to such common words as "dictate", "dictateship", "dictator". However, these concepts have been hiding a very complicated and often tragic history not only of a single person, but of a whole epoch and people. In the present philosophical treatise, the author synthesized the human knowledge and the accumulated experience in an attempt to find out a nature and an essence of dictate, to figure out its most important reasons and the most characteristic forms of manifestation. A great attention is paid to historical chronology. Different factors of socialpolitical, scientific-technological, economic, cultural and psychological characters, are comprehensively analyzed. The book content and the way of its material presentation are supposed to be made for readers with a certain degree of education. However, the author suggests that mastering of global regularities and an essence of historical events will help readers to develop a more objective judgment about features of the contemporary dictateship and to make a more wellgrounded prediction of the future. . Contents ========================================

INTRODUCTION........................................…............3 CHAPTER 1 Chronological history and forms of dictate............22 Tribe and commune..................................…........24 Slavery as an out-of-time form of dictate.............27 Feudalism..................................................….......35 Capitalism.................................................…........40 Extremist state formations..........................….......55 Out-of-state forms of dictate as a manifestation of its generality.........................................…......67 Militant religion as out-of-state form of dictate............................................…....70 Other out-of-state forms of dictate........................72 CHAPTER 2 Determinants of dictate evolution..........................74 Primitive egalitarianism in sociums, sects, movements.................................................…...74 Classical democracy......................................…....76 Structures of dictate and ethnos in evolution.........80 Technology and dictate structures.........................89 Some preliminary conclusions.............................101 Dictate and objective determinants......................107 CHAPTER 3 Basements of dictate: natural scientific arguments, psychology of groups, layers.............................108 Intermediate conclusions......................................121 Natural scientific basement of a psychological model of dictate evolution..................................123 Neuro-anatomical and indirect neuro-structural arguments................................123 Psychology of dictate layers as its evolution basement.....................................................…...128 Layer of negative passionaries and its investitures..............................................…...139 Contradictate passionaries....................................141 Producers.......................................................…....147 CHAPTER 4 Dictate evolution: psychology, forms, layers, tendencies...............................................152 External determinants of dictate evolution: regularities, interconnection, hierarchy, domination .................................................….....155 Evolution of conscious structure or introspection of evolution...........................…......160 Conclusions....................................................….....173 CHAPTER 5 Dictate and state.............................................…....174 Mystical monotheism -- as ideology of state and self-completed dictate form.................................194 Ideology and extremist forms of dictate..................210 Ethics and moral in dictate evolution......................215 Early forms of ethics and moral..............................216 Ethics and moral of producers in evolution of dictate.....................................................…....227 Dictate and sex.............. .................................…....229 Law..................................................................…....248 Dictate determinations: official and unofficial law and arbitrary rule of suppression....................248

Particular conclusions..............................................275 CHAPTER 6 Dictate and war.................................................…...277 Dictate evolution: suppression, main laws and wars........................................................….....293 Dictate and structures connected with war: foreign policy, diplomacy, intelligence departments, secret services......................…......304 CHAPTER 7 Dictate and economy..........................................…..324 Economy: direct and indirect dictate determinations, introspection and objectivities.................................................….......324 Introspection of economy..............................….......330 Extremist form of dictate and economy...................346 Some components of evolving economy in dictate determination.................................…....352 Technology and technological component of production....................................................…...363 Volume of production, character and components of production...........................….....366 Extensive and intensive components of production development, labor productivity in dictate determination................................…........369 Production framing (trade, transport, finances, advertisements, markets) and dictate.......................................................…........371 Conclusion.....................................................….......373 CHAPTER 8 Dictate and creative intellect........................…........374 Creative activity and dictate determinations...........................................….......374 Loyal motivations and kinds of creative activities.......................................….......386 Dictate determinations of different kinds of creative activities............. .......................…........408 CHAPTER 9 Up-bringing and education............................….......433 Teaching: structure, character of knowledge, determinations..............................................….....450 Extrapolations and conclusions...............................458

Introduction Policy. Social system. Social. Despotism, democracy, oligarchy, people . . . There is a great amount of words, books, cruel and pseudo altruist deeds, historical and pseudo historical facts, doctrines, descriptions, chronicles, theories . . . What is staying behind this "history" that is widely exhibited and is ennobled by spiritual duping? There are changes of decorations from Sumers to socialism, of thinkers proving truth and necessity of a current "historical" phase, of a character of power as a system of oppression but a man, a person, its spiritual essence, behavior, motivations have not been changed. The greatest paradox, paradox of all paradoxes, is the fact that, being stable in time, the person, the foundation and the essence of history, socium, progress, revolutions, produces so many changes! The essence of a person, its thoughts, motivations, aspirations, ideals, dreams, creative enthusiasms

-- are the same and are invariable for all periods, for all social realities, and for all systems of oppression. This phenomenon has been reflected in a system of collective memory. The ancient Egyptian fictions found in the "papyrus from garbage(?)" described psychology, behavior, dreams of a person, who lived three thousand years ago. In the essence, the description defers from the current ones only by a character of exposition and a style. The next period, antique epoch, is the period of comedies of Apuleius, Vergilius, Horatius. The medieval novels, European and Eastern (Omar Khayyam, Shi Nayan(?)), Japanese authors, and so on), describe the same deeds, thoughts, dreams, rushes. Philosophical ethical treatises from Aristotle to current authors also testify for the statement. The variations of historical events and ideas and even more variable personal fate, behavior, thoughts are making an illusion of particularity and uniqueness of moments of socium life. However, it is absolutely untrue. A limited number of people's psychotypes governing the main structure of life activity is furnished with some trifle individual features and is influenced by some external factors. Considering history as a consequence of social events, various thinkers have interpreted the primary reason of it in very different ways but they have not touched the main essence of history (of ethnology, sociology and so on), the main question: "Why?". Why were the events going in a particular way and not otherwise? A history essence is not a physical or chemical process governed by some certain reasons. It is a causal result of thinking and a productive (spiritual and material) activity of people and very often of a sufficiently small group of people. So the question of the history's essence should be better logically considered from a psychological and motivation ground both of a person and a group of persons united according to some features in ethnos, nations and states. The questions brought about by such approach to the interpretation of history process are very versatile. What are a prompting basement and a direct initiation of events? Where are all dictators and executioners of all ranges and under different guises (from Dionysios to Mao Tse-Tung) coming from? Why do "common" in all respect persons at a certain social structure turn to be fierce villains or possessed fanatics? Where (and why) is a mass of butchers and informers, revolutionaries of different kind, elevated victims and indifferent witnesses coming from? Not less interesting is the question: Why does all of a sudden a certain peace loving nation explosively give birth to a mass of thinkers, or villains, or stoics ready to any ordeals? Some ideas, however, hypothetical with respect to this problem concerning an ethnos, are present in the book of L. Gumilev "Ethnogenesis and the Earth's biosphere". A conception, introduced by L. Gumilev that determined social motivations and called "passionarity", accounts for many events, but it does not allow to predict the fundamental features of the next historical period. However, L. Gumilev gives some biosphere's factors governing the passionarity development. Besides that, this concept is not related with real characteristic features of a person and to some extent is abstract, artificial regarding the problem of historic evolution, evolution of motive powers of just certain persons under certain conditions. Representation of history as a teleological process governed by different determinants such as: economy laws, fatalities, supreme transcendental powers, is a traditional approach that is a manifestation of a scientific method of coursed determinism. The teleology of history is a disputable matter (with the same success, it is possible to ponder over hostility or friendship of the universe, the space) that is acceptable only in theoretical model approaches that inherently include this conception. To reduce a hypothetical degree, it looks reasonable to apply the Laplace determinism because the amount of real factors of history (as a sequence of events) of different nature: psycho physiology of a person, objective external influences, and so on, is infinitely huge. An analysis of history can be more fruitful and profound, if it is based on sides and features of history that are chronological, regional, subjective and so on, invariant. Such

invariant features are psycho physiological determinants of behavior of both individuals and social group of individuals and a presence in any group with any internal subordination substructure, of some oppression, dictateship of will and correspondingly a presence of subgroups and individuals having different attitude (objective and subjective) to the dictate structure and to dictate carrier, and an evolution (or invariant) of the mentioned features of human civilization. In present treatise, a basic thesis covered comprehensively in the next several chapters is the statement that the two above mentioned invariants, that look very different, however represent two organic components of a united strategy that determines certain historical events. Evolving outwardly, dictate systems are living and are governed by peculiarities of psycho physiology, psycho physiology genotype of people, by those features of psychology, the motivation structure that are conformed, stereotyped for most people. Let us make the last idea more clear. History is a chronological continuum of events attributed to different levels of social hierarchy -- from some persons to the humankind. These events are a causal result of infinitive series of determinants of the whole biosphere, limits of living place, biology of a person, character of a biological function fulfillment, individual psycho physiology, concord motivation of social groups and so on. Let us consider history at each certain moment (historical epoch) as an integral causal result of social hierarchy and an activation of composed components of the prime motor of history -- that is of the humankind as it is a part of the biosphere. The activity (in its broadest sense) of large social groups (an ethnos, a state) is determined by a series of above mentioned factors and it is also a sum of physical and mental activities of all members, comprising the group. A person's activity is governed both by objective, external factors and introspective, internal ones. While the former factors are intrinsically variable and just their variabilities are the main determining reasons for the essence of the evolution, the latter factors (the introspective ones) to great extent are time invariant. Some of the latter factors look as evolving with time but a more thorough investigation shows that they are staying invariable and only a guise, some formal aspects of them are evolving with time. The external factors include total geological conditions of an inhabited area, a level of technology, declared teleological aims of development (they are different for, say, European countries and a Hawaiian island tribe), and also factors governing the biology peculiarities of individuals inhabiting the area, and some others. Sometimes their variations are an initiation basis of some historical events. However, even in this case the objective factor variations affect the history of human socium through the prism of motivations and deeds of an individual, social group, ethnos. The introspective factors-determinants of people's historical activity include: 1) factors connected with physiological features, such as hunger, sexual desires (in all forms), other instincts; 2) factors connected with psychological genotype structure, combination of motivations and notions both inherited and acquired. 3) factors connected with well-acquired social- ethics notions, directly governed in both positive and negative sense by social-political institutes; 4) the dictate system reflected introspectively in somebody's psychic in all forms -- from different kinds of taboo to social systems. As can be seen, the suggested model is a widened consequence of the Tolman motivation model, where the first group of parameters is a development of the Tolman external variables, and the second is a development of the Tolman internal variable, i.e., of the Tolman introspective determinant. The second invariant of real history that is present in any socium is an essential necessity of subordination system, oppression and dictate system in some general form that evolves with time but is invariable in essence. That is a system

of forcing an individual, group, socium, ethnos, nation to a certain way of living, to conformed thinking, behavior, to restrictions of physical and spiritual freedom. The basic thesis of existentialism concerning the evil antagonism between a person and a surrounding universe represents a reason of hedonically determined motivation for a person's self-assigning to dictate (and to ethnos). An individual opposition to the real world is possible only for the persons having strength, wisdom, and life aggression. For the average persons representing a vast majority, it is necessary to have a conglomeration, a functional self-assigning even at the expense of their individual opportunities in the fields of spirit, life, and life conditions. Collectively protected security respective to the external world is a hedonistic side that is as much important as a collective food production, protection from arbitrary rules and nature calamities. The immanent presence of a dictate system in socium results from the following factors: 1. People's unification into collective sociums for common solution of their life problems such as surviving, defense against a strong enemy offensive, food production, and so on, results in a hierarchy in socium. At the first stage of historical chronology, the hierarchy is conditioned by people's differences in physical, psychological qualities, in experience and at the later stages of history by a more complex interaction of many factors of different nature. 2. The integral essence of psycho physiological genotype of the large (and overwhelming) part of people is the important determinant of dictate in socium. It is these conformed motivation and deeds of the people that does form the gist of the actual history. An emanation of hierarchy groups in socium results in a structure of subjective interactions between them based on group subordination and redistribution among them of all social functions such as surviving, defense, food obtaining, burdens of life reproduction, protection from an arbitrary rule of strong people, and so on. As a consequence of the social hierarchy coexistence with the mentioned above (1)(1 -- An analysis of these invariants in connection with social hierarchy and a necessity of dictate system will be presented in several chapters of the book) immanent people's psycho physiological invariants is the necessity of a dictate system. The system secures a social inequality in function distribution and common weal and imposes a certain tenor of life of overwhelming majority of people. The dictate system ensures social functioning as an efficient mechanism at a certain time interval of development of the human civilization and evolves with the development of socium. The evolution does not touch the profound essence of oppression imposed by an individual on another or by groups of people. It touches only a functional construction, a specific temporal form of dictate. A dictate form, its realization at a certain time interval is indicative as an objective factor for characterization of a level of social evolution. The essence of dictate's form evolution is adequate to social evolution. Unlike the Gumilev theory, the analysis of dictate evolution's regularities allows to extrapolate the obtained results of analysis to possible future situations. A non-linearity and a discreet form of human socium evolution have no influence on the gist of dictate evolution, on strict evolutive character of variations of the process. In this treatise, several traditional terms are used with interpretation that is to some extent different to the commonly accepted meanings. Socium is a group, a conglomerate of individuals, united on the bases of fulfillment, solution of some tasks that are vitally important both to the individual and the whole group. Ethnos is a socium consolidated by a formal indication (or indications) that is subjectively determined and is accepted by all (or by majority) of its members. This definition is very much alike to the definition given by L.Gumilev (2)(2 -- Here and further, the reference is to Gumilev L.N. Ethnogenesis

and the Earth's biosphere. 2-nd edition, (-In Russian), Leningrad, LSU, 1989.). State is a socium having a hierarchy structure, officially registered ethic legal, political, moral, and any other standards and a dictate structure secured by some forms of physical compulsion (up to extermination) as well as by forms of spiritual oppression. Dictate is a universal category of an individual and a socium life that unites all the essences connected with functional and structural hierarchy of any human society. Dictate evolves its form with time and is based on immanent brain structures and their motivations. Dictate includes the following components that are comprised in a united form under a certain realization: 1) regulation of area of inhabitation, at the extreme cases even fastening to a place of living (ancient Egypt, slaves, socialism); 2) regulation of way of living; 3) restrictions on level and character of consumption; 4) regulation of personal contacts, at the extreme cases even regulation of opinions, literature and other types of creative activity; 5) regulation of mentality (church, socialism, fascism, some revolutions); 6) regulation of life span (ismailians, sects of all types); 7) regulation of moral ethic standards (simultaneously it is a mean and a tool of dictate). Dictate's form is a concrete temporal historic realization of the total category of dictate corresponding to a certain region, ethnos, period of time. Dictate's ethic is a concrete historic complex of standards, norms, rules, laws, habits, and so on that is governed by dictate's form and composes an organic component of dictate, which influence depends on dictate evolution stage. Taboo is a whole complex of ethic motivation canons that determines a willingly desirable (for the highest layers of the social hierarchy) conformity of socium under any concrete form of dictate. Passionarity is a term completely corresponding to the determination given by L.Gumilev. It is an organic complex of person psycho physiology characteristics determining its social activity and an influence on surrounding people and consequently on character of concrete events. Power (of a state, church, and so on) is a particular manifestation of dictate based on formed ethic legal rules and applying some or other structure of oppression. Hedonism is a motivation category that determines a subconscious teleology, an expedient direction of motivations. The term is adequate to the widened semantic of the Freud "principal of satisfaction" and includes besides hunger, sex, self-preservation such items as alienation from labor, self-preservation, thinking, and so on. Efficiency of oppression is a degree of adequacy of mentally reflected dictate affection on person's motivations. It determines a correspondence of individual aims, motivations, activity to tendencies and tasks of dictate. Efficiency of oppression is reversely connected with the intensity of oppression, with the level of external forced oppression. Technology includes, in contrast to traditional technical pragmatic definition, the total continuum of human intellectual values that is in particular resulted in technical progress. This generalization is valid since philosophy, art, literature, and so on to some or other degree are affecting the progress in any branches of human activity. Contradictateship. Here, the prefix "contra" does not mean a direct antagonism but a restricted introspective non-acceptance, alienation (in different degrees of conscious realizing) of dictate bases. Depending on a level of passionarity, it may be either a passive departure, non-acceptance of external ideology or a creative activity directly antagonistic to introspective dictate category. Interests of dictate (of oppression) represent a reflection in hierarchs'

mind (in terms of functional efficiency of socium and dictate) combined external and infrastructure's factors that are threatening to their hedonistic bases. Hierarchs, due to the maximization of their hedonistic potentials, while gardening them fulfill a role of, as it can be called, affecters, susceptible sensors of the socium and dictate and simultaneously a role of effectors, directors of executive functions. In any socium, dictate realizes itself through deeds, thoughts, motivations, teleological aims of different people having different positions in social hierarchy or, more exactly, a different attitude to hierarchy's structure of dictate. So an immanent feature of dictate is the motivations of oppression and its necessary expediency in different hierarchy's subgroups of a particular socium. With respect to dictate, various groups of socium are defined by their different aims of hedonistic type that determine persons' positions in the dictate hierarchy, their co-participation in strategically determined motivations of a supreme hierarch or a group of hierarchs. In its turn, this level, degree, character of co-participation in dictate structure determines a formal position of each group in the hierarchy staircase. No doubt, concrete motivations, for example, of a supreme hierarch, representatives of the highest layers, a rank and file executor of dictate (laybrother, soldier, hangman) are completely different. It is true of the concrete motivation, because prolonged, vivid motivations of a brutish, illiterate hangman and of a highest hierarch may be absolutely the same. This statement (about motivations) may look as a simplification, vulgarization of the boundless complexity of the social world, unless one takes into account the spiritual conformity of all dictate co-participators and a conglomeration in mass of oppressed of those, who are not pressed into dictate frame of miserable hedonism including the formally indifferent people who are formally and internally do not co-participate in the dictate structure, but due to lack of vivid activity, passionarity they do not oppose the dictate internally, spiritually and materially, actively. It does not mean, of course, an identity of the integral psycho physiological genotypes of different dictate layers. It means a unity of prolonged and concrete (as a consequence of the first) aims and motivations, namely: individual hedonism in all forms from a primitive voluptuousness of brutes to a refined sadism of despots; aspiration for power eventually resulted in hedonism; craving for stability, invariability; subconscious non-acceptance of daily life burdens, and so on. It is namely the motivation stereotype of dictate substructures that secures its trans-national, trans-social, trans-historical stability in spite of the varieties of people and circumstances. An opponent may object that there are not two identical persons and it is their diversity that constitutes the motive force of history. However, the absolute diversity, i.e., an absence of stereotype dominants, is impossible for physiological, neuro-anatomical, psycho social reasons and even if it were, it would result not in a socium, but in a crowd that is not evolving, but is dying and being knocked out. A socium is not an eclectic aggregation, it is a structure of diverse, but layer-similar in their prevailing dominants, persons. Indeed, the existence at different periods of such societies variable in sizes that fall out from dictate structures, such as gymnosophists in India, pirates, anarchists of all kinds, lately hippie, and so on, has no reflections at all on the fate of major part of humankind in a frame of some or other dictate system. Revolutionaries of all times are deliberately not ranked as contradictate sociums, since any group, socium aiming at extermination of a formal dictate structure inevitably has the second purpose of establishing a new form of dictate (including the highest layers of hierarchy) with changed structure, hierarchy, but with the invariable gist, i.e., with dictate, oppression, conformity of life principals, laws, traditions, taboo, and so on. Dictate as an aggregation of all aspects of oppression implies a deprivation

of some or other part of socium and to different degrees (depending on dictate's form) of inherent rights of individual, i.e., a freedom of thinking and creation, a choice of living place and a way of living. The purpose of these actions is a control over ontological and ethical components of life of a major part of socium that provides the highest layer of social hierarchy (or layers) with a possibility to fulfill their own life philosophy, which is always of a hedonistic type but under different guises. The history in its facto-chronological form shows that the development of human socium is internally connected with dictate as well as with hedonism of dictate carriers and of those, who co-participates with dictate directly or indirectly. People's existence requires a material production. Luxurious life of the highest hierarchy layers and the layers providing a fulfillment of hedonistic aspirations (as archeology testifies, the luxury and beauty goods have existed permanently!) determines a necessity of compulsion of socium individuals to production of material wealth, to their defense from encroachments of other ethnoses and negative passionaries of the domestic socium, i.e., a necessity to shift off the unpleasant burdens of life on shoulders of others and to deprive them of pleasant opportunities. In its turn, it determines not only a social hierarchy and not only in dictate but it is also manifested as a hierarchy of ethical values, since the compulsion of a person to labor is connected with an introduction, injection in its mind some elements of the philosophy of asceticism. The presented motivation of a necessity of a permanent dictate may look as a simplification, vulgarization especially from the point of view of socium theories that are based on material production as on foundation and essence of the humankind evolution. These theories regard a necessity of social hierarchy in its evolution as a determinant conditioned by technology progress, by complication of material production involving in its spheres a giant mass of people in their collective employment. Besides changes of the material production structure, the technology progress results in an intensification of dictate means, resources. So technical progress does not change and in principle lacks ability to change all aiming, motivation determinants of dictate carriers, since it touches only means but not the subjective principles. As for the dominated psychology motives, there is no difference between a tribe leader, Egyptian Pharaohs, Sumer tzar, antique despot, medieval monarch and a current bureaucrat of the highest rank. The possibility to give orders undividedly to slaves or tools of production, to troops or carriers of a spiritual dictate (when a religion is a state power), all of these are only means. The essence, the profound psychological, motivation gist is a broad spectrum of egocentric hedonism in the widest universal interpretation. The gist does not depend on particular fluctuations of objective and subjective character conditioned by concrete forms of dictate existence. Such an interpretation of the invariant motivations immediately provokes a question of why does exist at each historical interval a giant variety of life-motivated structures of behavior of individuals such as thinkersstoics, hangmen, dictate conductors, working brutes, rioters, and so on? The question is valid since, as stated above, the realized hedonism to some or other degree is a dominant in a complex of life behavior motivations of a person in the course of history that conditions a necessity (from the point of view of a person's psychology) of dictate existence in socium, i.e., an existence of hierarchy from the highest dictator (whatever he is called) to the immediate producers. However, a possibility of dictate realization with respect to a certain individual, i.e., its place in the dictate structure or, in other words, a degree of person's participation in oppression, is governed by a personal complex of psycho physiological genotype (3) (3 -- The suggested theoretical model does not consider social factors established at a certain period of dictate structure such as power inheritance, social possibilities of certain layers of a hierarchy, and so on. Still, the history testifies that

these factors are not so important as it is used to be conceded.). According to the term introduced by L.Gumilev, the place in a hierarchy is determined by the passionarity of an individual. The essence of passionarity being expressed in settled terms of psychology and psycho physiology, especially allowing for the subconscious nature of the motivating dominants that initiates a strategy of behavior, represents the second not less important side of the presented theory. Dictate, its structure, a concrete type of dictate hierarchy represents the different sides of the main category connected with necessity of oppression of an individual. Dictate is an invariant determined by both the whole complex of psycho physiological dominants of consciousness and objective factors of bio-sphere. It reflects an immanent necessity of compulsion, oppression imposed by one person (group) on another person (group). Dictate structure is a functional complex of those characteristics, factors, substructures that inevitably are present in any dictate hierarchy, irrespective of its concrete realization, and includes: the highest hierarch or a group of hierarchs, i.e., a hierarchy layer that satisfies its strategic hedonistic motivations in the largest possible manner; a layer of dictate conductors that includes bureaucrats, high officials, functionaries of all types, i.e., the layer of hierarchy having comparatively wide abilities to satisfy their hedonism; a layer of hired instruments of dictate that includes army, criminal investigation department, gendarmerie, ideological dictate structures, layer of accompanying dictate structures such as ideology, arts, and so on; layer of directly oppressed, i.e., the layer of producers with inculcated ideology of asceticism; and some less sized layers that will be discussed later. While the first two categories (dictate and dictate structure) are geographical and time invariants, the real dictate hierarchy is an evolving matter that at a concrete period of history is a factor that characterizes and determines many aspects of real historical events: political, ethical, scientific, intellectual, social, and so on up to variations in biosphere and geo-sphere. A degree and a character of direct physical oppression and a level of dictate introspection determine a flexibility of its policy-state realization, i.e., resourcefulness, adaptability of its social activity (conditioned by the whole sum of individuals' passionarities), a resistibility respective to the world external to the socium including biosphere fluctuations, geology- meteorology calamities, conflicts with other ethnoses, and so on. As stated above, a concrete dictate character is determined by a ratio of external and introspective oppression, and so by the immanent level of intellectual freedom that in tern determines a feasible degree, an allowed level for development of an unrestrained intellect of ethnos. There is no necessity to prove the commonplace that both the power and ethnos (socium) functional capability are determined by a level of development (qualitative and quantitative) of intellectual layer of ethnos with its passionarity. Dictate realization in the historic development includes quite concrete phenomena of political, ethical, and in the superlative degree of psychological character. It may be stated that the first two groups of factors are in some or other degree conditioned in a complex way, directly or indirectly, by the third factor group of a psychological character. In other words, all visible, real aspects of dictate are conditioned by the whole sum of psycho physiological complexes, purposes and motivations of different layers of socium. It can be reasoned in the following way. Let us consider external, visible aspects of oppression realized by the humanity in its history that looks as different (4) (4 -- Physical oppression may vary from a kick up to a burning alive but the essence is the same and namely to suppress natural motivations by fear of physical pain or extermination. An ethic's ban may be called taboo, religion's canon or dogma, national community habit or moral law, but its essence is invariable!) but in essence they are very stereotyped.

The oppression aspects may be objectively ranked as direct immediate means of oppression and indirect ones. The first includes realities of physical and introspective oppression, all kinds of taboo from community's bans to the current state systems. The second ones encompass the aspects that are connected with psychological affect on persons, individuals of socium, i.e., propaganda, prostituted art, psycho pharmacology, systems of positive encouragement of loyalty with hierarchy's stimulation of hedonistic motives up to satisfaction of sadist and perverted propensities of a part of dictate executors (hangmen of all kinds). At the first glance, the mostly farfetched, removed from an individual psychology is a whole complex of measures encompassing physical or external compulsion. But is it really so? In the simplest case, there are two participants in a compulsion act called a constrainer and a constrained both with immanent complexes of their psychological motives that are very similar in bases. In order to force the constrained to stint himself in natural motives and purposes determined by a formed genotype and objective conditions, the constrainer applies measures of physical oppression based on the fact that fear of death (pain, discomfort, mutilation . . .) overwhelms in consciousness a force of natural motivations. It is not the means of oppression but a person's realization of feasibility of their application by dictate forces a major part of socium to accept an imposed way of life (5). (5 -- This statement is even more confirmed, when we consider that carriers of dictate (a lesser part of socium) lack an ability to apply a real physical violence to all producers, to the major part of socium without damaging a fulfillment of their own egoistically hedonistic purposes.) Cultural aspects of physical oppression, such as social taboo, jurisdictional and political activity of the state, are only a logically, officially registered completion of the gist of physical oppression that is realized in a list of dyadic theses showing deviations from imposed norms and a corresponding level and a character of physical punishment. Any code of laws carries first of all restrictions opposing natural motivations of individuals. From this point of view, the treatises "Social Contract" by Rousseau and "The Prince" by Machiavelli are nothing more but a Pharisaical dictate-loyal hypocrisy covering the real psychological dictate essence. There is no need at all to reason the psychological foundation of the second group of dictate instruments, since they are directly aimed on suppression of individual motivations that deviate from a desirable (for dictate) conformity, and on inculcation into consciousness, in a complex of realized ethical categories, of a desirable for dictate system of aims and motivations. It is quite natural that any compulsion, as physical as well as introspective, cannot touch the cardinal basements of psycho physiological genotype that has been formed for millions of evolution years. In other words, a dictate rested on conscience categories should inevitably come into antagonism with the motives of a more profound, subconscious plan that dominates in drawing up the prolonged purposes and so should lack vital capacity. However, it is at variance with the history, which in its essence may be regarded as a history of dictate. What is the reason? For explanation, we should consider two possible levels of reasons: one is a possibility that forms of external oppression are based on a stable, evolutionary formed subconscious motivations of individuals composing socium, which are quite conformable and uniform motivations, and another one, when an external physical oppression in its psychological fundamental principles is based on oppression (or stimulation that is also possible) of subconscious aspects of psychology. In the second case, the eventual effect is explosions of the whole socium directed on a dictate liquidation (6) (6 -- What is meant here is the starting ideas of any mutiny directed on destruction but not an application of the processes in their development by carriers of an incoming form of dictate), as in form of

social revolts as well as in form of individual denial of dictate. The essence of subconscious motivations in their interaction with dictate in all forms along with a psychological content of the theoretical L.Gumilev category called "passionarity" that plays an important role in this interaction, will make a content of the following chapters. Introspective means, aspects of oppression according to their definition are instruments of unification, stereotypization of strategic vivid motivations, aims. However, in contrast to physical aspects of oppression, the essence of introspective means is different. They are much more universal, multiple and so much more efficient. As shown above, the essence of physical oppression is reduced to leveling of the immanent to men's genotype motivations by using negative contra-motives such as fear, pain, mutilation, and by extermination of the individuals, who are immune to the previous influences or have managed to overcome them due to more strong behavior purposes and motivation dominants. Since dictate is necessarily striving for a self-prolonged continuation, the number of persons doomed to extermination is somewhat (negligibly) low in comparison with the socium continuum, and allowing for the fact that a disintegration of a certain particular dictate form is feasible, when it does not suit a somewhat large and the most passionate part of socium, we have come to a conclusion that the existence of a certain form of dictate is impossible without a certain form of some or other level of introspective oppression. The forms, the concrete instruments of it are different. They include political, juridical, and so on canons, community taboo of all kinds, forms of education, ideology in a social hierarchy, and so on. The whole complex of introspective means can be ranked in two groups: 1. The means of a prohibitive, restricting character. They encompass the aspects of introspective oppression that are inculcated into people's consciousness as bans of different kinds, i.e., from moral taboo up to state's doctrines that consequently determine a complex of punishments starting from a social and individual rejection, non- recognition and restriction of material provision up to a whole complex of physical measures of oppression. 2. The means of a stimulating, positive character. They include dictate structures as an essence that promotes and stimulates a loyalty to a concrete form of dictate by distributing material aspects of life hedonism and also the structures that promote perception of introspective cannons determining a complex of aims and motivations that secure a conformity of socium spiritual life and safeguard stability of a certain dictate form. The group of introspective means of oppression affects a change, a deformation of psychological psychotype of an individual in a desirable direction applying positive means, i.e., means that use stimulation and are based on the same features of hedonistic essence of an individual as the negative means, but, if it is possible to say, at another their side. Positive means are much more efficient (a detail reasoning will be given in the following chapters) and to such extent that sometimes they suppress the most intense features of psychotype including instinct of self-preservation, sexual, and so on (sects, ismailians, some extremist forms, and so on). Variety of individuals in a socium is so great that always there are persons possessing a resistibility as with respect to the first group of dictate means so well to the second. It conditioned a presence in any dictate system of an organic aggregation of both aspects of oppression. The ratio of the aspects in a stable dictate system is always optimal. An exceeding role of one or another of the oppression aspects results in the structure instability and serves as a sign of incoming substitution. Bright examples are the stable form of patriarchal slavery with balanced physical compulsion and inculcation into individual consciousness of dogmas of family unity and instability of imperial slave-owning (the Rome's decline), capitalism in the developed form and its terrorist extremes as fascism, and so on. All dictate means are implemented by people and in the people's medium,

which encompasses layers of hierarchy having completely different attitudes to dictate and to dictate means. Any system, any socium necessitates a presence of the highest layer of dictate capable in the most complete form to indulge into its egocentric hedonism. The layer comprises not only the highest carriers of a concrete dictate form that often may be only a top of a bureaucracy apparatus implementing the profound dictate essence. The true carriers may be quite different people, for example, priests in temple of Elam and Sumer, regents of suzerain at medieval, the highest layers of big bourgeoisie and managers in capitalism, party leaders in socialism. That hierarchy layer regards the possibility of its dictate as an immanent necessity of socium existence and as a blessing for the oppressed, which is readily confirmed to them by a quite large stratum of spiritually prostituted theoreticians of dictate system. Fulfilling the horrors of dictate only by strange hands, i.e., not encountering personally a necessity of suppression and extermination of certain people, this stratum operates mentally with the distracted, abstract social categories such as people, common weal, loyalty, extermination of evil, and so on veiling by them their own quit primitive life purposes. As for the highest layer of dictate, being itself by the reason, the fundamental base and the initiator of all horrors connected with violence, this layer nevertheless is not identified with them, does not personify the evil of violence but due to indirect involvement in oppression they often appear as a good beginning in socium. A more profound analysis of motivations and an attitude to dictate of this layer of social hierarchy in its evolution will be given in the following chapters. A comparatively small (numerically) group of the highest hierarchs of dictate could never exist if it lacked powerful social layers realizing oppression. Using natural motivations of the layers with quite distinguished hedonistic inclinations, hierarchs involve the members of socium in direct structures of oppression and mold from them nobles, bureaucrats, army, police, hangmen, and so on, whose hands are directly used for oppression of a manproducer. The question is brought about: What psycho genotype features, what purposes and motivations of quit common ordinary individuals are used by hierarchs to transform them in cruel executioner-hangmen, committing mass atrocities? How do they manage to present these terrible unnatural in their essence deeds as quite usual everyday activities? The basic features of the individuals having an average intellect and spiritual grades include egoism (7) (7 -- We cannot help but agree with Montaigne who claimed that egoism is the man's essence and it does not deserve the bad attitude that is hypocritically commonly declared. It is natural and ego does not deserve to be blamed.) with egocentric inclinations, furious striving to outward life wealth, desire and willing acceptance of standards in thoughts, ideals, life criteria. And on the contrary, they exhibit a strong unwillingness to the personal comprehension of the essence of developing events, a propensity to authorization that in extreme cases expresses itself in a complete person dissolving, in a hierarchy admiration up to suppression of the life instincts (8) (8 -- It happens rather rear and only with executors of the lowest level, who are selected from people with the extreme manifestations of all or some of the mentioned above genotype features.). Sadism is seemed (covered, possibly, by cultural depositions) to be in various degrees the basic features of this group psycho genotype during the whole period of dictate evolution. Otherwise it is difficult to explain an excessive level of senseless cruelty and extermination of people, which quite evidently exceeds a degree of a necessary for socium oppression that accompanies dictate reality in its evolution. Especially it is true of extremist dictate systems such as oriental despots, current fascism. There is the second question: How do hierarchs use the psychological dominants of this group to achieve their purposes? The question is not a trivial one, because the number of hierarchs is much less than the amount of executors, the hierarchs are less adapted for suppression, so it looks reasonable and logical for the executors

to use the full power themselves (for example, praetorians in Rome, mamelukes in Osman's Turkey, KGB in socialist countries) instead of being executors. The answer seems to be in a lack of passionarity (in L.Gumilev words), the presence of which either positive or negative makes a person a tyrant or victim, creator or revolutionary, but not a slave, not an executor in their essence and spirit. In other words, the lack of motive force, passionarity makes an individual to be only an executor of dictate's will and nothing more. An encouragement of their hedonistic bases is used by hierarchs as means to support their own power over executors, the power that is mythical, but nevertheless it is as stable as the eternity. Sops to the executors' hedonism are the means of control only when they lack passionarity, otherwise the executor will grab all the wealth by himself. This thesis is confirmed by facts during the whole history, when executorsbureaucrats and soldiers of all epochs, Byzantine eunuchs, and so on while acquiring a passionate sublayer, they got rid of the highest hierarchs and took their places making in that way a transition to a new dictate reality, to a new structure. The lack of passionarity, moving, creative in the broadest meaning energy combined with hypertrophied attributes of mediocre psychotype, can make a completely common, average, ordinary person to be a cruel hangman, who pedantically and willingly, with pleasure fulfills an oppression and an extermination. A presence and characteristics of that layer to great extent depend on those, who are oppressed by dictate structure, i.e., by the essence of characteristic features of an average psycho genotype of suppressed layers. Schematically, the layer of oppressed can be divided on persons directly involved in production of any kind, i.e., producers of all material wealth of civilization, and on people, who produce and preserve an intellectual and spiritual wealth of the humankind. Although the two groups are united by a common fate of oppressed but dictate pressure on them is different, as in character and so in efficiency, due to different psycho genotypes of the sublayers, their stable motivations. The first sublayer is concrete producers, who due to their specificity and destination are united in production societies with a functional aim of production. The production demands a development of practical skills (irrespective of profession whether miners, diggers, and engineers) at the expense of their intellectual, analytical and due to it of the person's individual characteristics. A conformity of motivations and purposes in the layer of oppressed is readily achieved by a combination of physical and introspective methods (in a form of direct propaganda and brain washing). The oppression includes a great portion of physical means, because an introspective component of oppression is based on a necessity of practical development of intellect and because there is a lack of necessity (or less, in comparison with the second group) of an intellectual dictate due to a miserable intellect in the sublayer. For its representatives, the striving to a desirable for dictate conformity results not only from a production activity but also is conditioned by a natural component of psycho genotype, by the immanent determinant, a lack of which results in person's leaving of the structure the most often for a structure of declassed individuals. For this layer, a necessity of dictate is organic and internally acceptable by individuals composing the layer, acceptable due to an internal conformity and to a spirit of slaves that accompanies the striving to conformity. The second sublayer of oppressed encompasses individuals, who due to peculiarities of their spiritual constitution are feeling an organic necessity for creative activity in any form. That layer never includes successful, under given dictate system, scientists, artists, writers, who are fulfilling and producing officious "products" desirable for dictate helping explicitly or secretly to reinforce stability of a certain dictate system. Their big layer, as it will be shown later, is an organic component of an accompanying

layer of dictate, in some sense, a pseudo bureaucratic appendix that is necessarily present and is parasitizing in any dictate system. The second layer encompasses individuals, who have a hypertrophy of creative component and passionarity. Due to these features, they come into antagonism with introspective forms of dictates in all their aspects and eventually with the physical ones. From one side, individuals of the layer are absolutely necessary to the evolving dictate, as namely they increase the intellectual potential that eventually determines the socium evolution. From the other side, the subgroup is the most dangerous to dictate system, because being the object of oppression and accumulating negative to dictate motivations, it simultaneously generates ideas that are destroying the basic foundation of dictate, i.e., the conform-slavery psychology of producers. Physical extermination of this group of individuals, that has been practiced in extremist dictate forms, always results in a weakening of socium with respect to external enemies and geo- meteorological calamities. Belonging to this subgroup of oppressed does not testify for an intellectual mighty of a person, because it encompasses individuals according to inversion of their creative passionarity that entails their subjection to the greatest degree of suppression. Besides some small subgroups that are different at various epochs and do not influence the essence of socium evolution (9) (9 -- They are small merchants and rentiers of all times, lumpen-proletariat, prostitutes, and so on.), in concrete reality a dictate structure contains another subgroup that is not included either in substructure of suppressers or in substructure of suppressed. That dictate subgroup encompasses individuals that produce ideology obsequious to the given dictate form in the fields of literature, art, humanitarian sciences, and so on, parasitizing both on the suppressers and on suppressed, as they do not produce intellectual values that objectively increase integral power of socium but only promote the formation of stereotypes of spirit and thought. As any side in the nature, dictate, as a necessary social form, evolves with time and some objective reasons are governing the evolution. It should be additionally underlined that dictate as an immanent category of social life determined by the very essence of a person is invariant. The only thing that evolves is a form, a concrete reality of oppression. There are many objective reasons of dictate evolution, of spasmodic changes of concrete forms, and they belong to different aspects of human being including production-economic, ethical, technological (along with means of oppression (10) (10 -- Evolution of oppression's means encompasses not only variations of weapons from an ax of a slave-owner to an atom bomb. It includes systems of information, pedagogical means, psycho pharmacology drugs, entertainment as an instrument of inculcation into consciousness, and so on.) and not the least the psychological ones especially as will be shown of dictate hierarchs. The first factor governing the evolution of dictate form is a productioneconomic one. In reality, it represents a big complex of factors connected with production activity of people, with material wealth production from necessary goods up to luxury ones. Variations in the character of production, a synchronization of labor's efforts of a huge mass of people, their involvement in a system of collective functioning individuals result in a necessity of a strict subjection of the whole life style of producing socium to the interests of production, of standardization and stereotypization of the life style, up to restriction of free time, entertainment, and so on. An individual's functioning efficiency of every member of the production system depends both on coordination and synchronization of all workers and on a skill of each of them. That dependence increases with a growing supply of energy to industry. The skill and quality of an atom station manager are much more important than that of ploughman in the medieval. From one side, an individual becomes a multiple element of a giant industry system, and from the

other side, their individual contribution (detached from their human essence) increases. These changes necessitate variations of the oppression gist, resorting to encouragement of pragmatic sides of intellect and to suppression of its other aspects. The second complex group of objective factors of dictate form evolution is a technological character of humankind civilization, i.e., a chronological complication of technology and instruments of production. A producer, who at a dawn of history applied primitive tools and his muscle force, could be forced for action at least on a behavior level and with restricted efficiency. The technology complication results in a necessity (that is hated by hierarch) to increase an intellect of producer as he drives equipment, gauge. So technology complication evolves the necessity of an increase of an introspective component of dictate oppression with an immanent refined suppression of individual features connected with its motivations and purposes, an imposing stereotypization of intellectual interests and efforts. The first two groups governing the dictate evolution determine the third one. An increasing material power of the global humankind influences a level and a quality of tasks that dictate is trying to solve. It is true of the tasks directed outside such as a reconstruction of area of inhabitancy, an exploration of the outer space, a development of more and more powerful weapon systems, and those directed inside themselves, i.e., a complication and refining of methods and means of satisfaction of hedonistic determinants of psychic of dictate hierarchs. Although all this is eventually reduced to the same primitive level of beast's enjoyments as for ancient slave-owners or medieval feudal suzerains, their character and decoration are complicated and are getting to be tremendously more expensive. The most primitive and the oldest known tool of enjoyment, i.e., a refine beautiful woman, is more and more elevated (to some or other evident degree) into a symbol of success in life. She decorates her body with such amount of beauty subjects that she alone necessitates an evolving suppression for the sake of her whim satisfactions. A partly connected secondary factor resulted from the mentioned above is a complication and refining of produced luxury goods needed by dictate that entails an increment in skill and in adequate development of intellect of producers. In its turn, it results in consequences connected with dictate evolution and are analogous to the discussed above. The considered reasons (and some others less defined) determine a dictate evolution that does not coincide with the chronological humankind history. In the treatise, a classification of the main types of dictate systems is suggested according to a balance degree of physical and introspective components of dictate oppression. The terminology is introduced by the author. 1) Primitive-physical dictate, based on an individual suppression with prevailing primitive physical oppression, for example, tribes of primitive communities, sociums of Pacific Ocean civilizations, tribes of the North. 2) Intensive-physical dictate, based on a physical suppression to the extreme degree along with application of quite refined introspective methods, for example, slavery of all times and among all peoples, serfdom in Russia, despots in the East, extremist sect-states such as ismailians. 3) Imposed-physical dictate, based on physical suppression with application of powerful ethic-religion doctrines of rewarding that are characteristic of monotheism, on inculcation into consciousness of mystic components oppressing life's natural motivations, on declared altruism, for example, all feudal systems of Europe, Japan, China, and so on. 4) Imposed-introspective dictate, based on a minimal development of producer's intellect even at the expense of technology progress, an intensive and very efficient inculcation of dogmas, facilitating desirable for dictate conformism, a reduction of share of physical suppression, for example, the Pharaoh Egypt, South-America civilizations of a period before Columbus, state-

religion conglomerations. 5) Total or extremist dictate, based on a combination of intensive physical suppression (up to extermination of the whole sociums) with maximum, at least at the end of the XX-th century, introspective suppression that is forcing everything to serve it through centralized information, ideology, education, canonization of art, sciences, especially humanitarian ones. A direction of all aspects of social life to a single purpose -- to transformation of socium into an effectively controlled conformed subject, for example, fascism in Germany, China at epoch of Mao Tse-Tung, France at epoch of Great revolution and communes, Sicilian tyrannies, USSR under Stalin. 6) Introspective dictate, based on a positive stimulation of subconscious hedonism, at least of a part of primitive aspects of it, for example, capitalism of the XX-th century. A transition from one form to another and an evolution in a frame of a concrete form is reflected at all aspects of social life including material, spiritual, cultural, intellectual, in education, literature, and so on. This treatise was written allowing for the all mentioned features.

CHAPTER 1 Chronological history and dictate forms During development of human's ideas of nature and teleology of historical process, its initiative prompts, concrete reasons and evolution laws, place and meanings of a person in the total process, many theories and points of views have appeared. Some of them regard the history (as a process of social evolution) as a chain of events fatally inevitable and deprived of any expediency. The others introduce some starting points determining the history occurrence such as: a mystic will or Parcaes, a fight of antagonistic beginnings and a derivative of people's productive activity and many others. In some way or other, a role and a place of a person is defined, as well as of its will (1) (1- although this term is treated in various ways, it is indispensably connected with internal, spiritual life of a person, i.e., with its motivations, purposes.) and freedom under constraints of society and the whole humankind, a degree of its influence on an essence of events. Attempts have been undertaken to figure out an expediency of processes governing the social development, its teleology in a progress of humankind. More often, it is thought off as ecological and technological aspects of human civilization, a satisfaction of some hedonistic tendencies (making easier labor, an improvement and an increase of level of satisfaction in the field of positive-sensitive components of psychology, and so on.). Separately to some extent from others, there are theories devoted to introspective teleologies and are inherent mainly to ethnoses in the East. They regard an internal, spiritual excellence of a person as the purpose of evolution helping it to reach a cosmic equilibrium between a person and the universe. An analysis of all or even a part of the main theories concerning the problem is practically impossible due to their giant variety and because it would contain nothing but an introduction of contra-hypotheses, a priori postulated essences that are controversial to the analyzed postulates. The discussion on presence or absence of transcendental effects and determinants of history, or on teleology of human civilization, on favorable or hostile attitude of the universe to a person (2) (2 -- Existentialism proves quit conceivably the negativism of nature with respect to people but it does not prove that the solution suggested by Leibnitz is optimal.) is groundless, since it is based on postulated essences of illogical, irrationaltranscendental and even non-intuitive nature. The postulates themselves always

to great extent determine the gist of the suggested sociological and historical theories. That is a reason why the primary postulates chosen for this work are immanent to a real person and include a structure of his genotype and phenomena of objective character present in bio-sphere. The most traditional and commonly used in historical structures approach is a chronological history-graphic, i.e., a representation of history as an evolution-revolution process developing with time as along of an uninterrupted coordinate corresponding to a certain level of development. Each moment is characterized by a corresponding level of development of certain characteristics and parameters of society that are higher in comparison with the previous moment and corresponds to an accepted teleology of development. The present chapter will be devoted to an analysis of concrete dictate systems that are characterized by: a) concrete level of production-technology aspects; b) level of ethnos development; c) cultural- intellectual level. The purpose of analysis is to show that although dictate as a categorical essence in a concrete form evolves with time, but a spiral of dictate evolution does not coincide or at least not always coincides with other aspects of evolution of human society. And if dictate evolution exhibits general global regularities, then the development of ethnoses and technologies, first, are not a strictly evolution, and secondly, it has concrete differences depending on epoch, region, ethnos, and so on. Revolutionary changes of a dictate form do not always correspond identically to changes of economical, political and other formations. No doubt, all aspects of the humankind development are interconnected but it does not mean that their evolutions are synchronous and are determined by the same factors. For example, a decline of ethnos may correspond (and it often has happened in reality) to flourishing of an intellectual life (the Rome empire in the declination epoch of IV - V cc., Byzantium in XIII c.). An explosive development of ethnic passionarity and ethnic domination happens to correspond to a low (as compared to the surroundings) economic and cultural level (Tatar-Mongols in XII c., German tribes at the period of their conquest of Rome, Arab expansion in VII -VIII cc.). A comparative prosperity of economy and culture may accompany a total disintegration of society (China during conquering by Mongolian, Rome IV - V cc., Greece when it was conquered by Rome). A revolutionary change of a formal structure of political power often reflects only an exchange of decorations under a quit well-formed dictate system, at which a true carrier, a dictate hierarch does not at all identify himself with political leader of society. Yet, the opposite events also may happen, when an ordinary palace revolution turns to be the complete change of dictate form including its immanent hierarchy and structure that in turn results in further variations of other aspects of social life. If we constrain ourselves with the models and theories of chronological historical development based on the mentioned above postulates without taking into account a dictate evolution and its laws, we cannot derive an extrapolation for the appearance of extremist forms of dictate such as antic despots, Mazdak’s followers movement in Iran in VI c., Savonarola, German fascism, (?)Saudelers, Paris commune, and so on, and also religions, sects, a rise of criminals, and so on. The traditional chronological history interprets the humankind development as a progressive movement with time following a development of various aspects of society (economy, science, and so on). The movement is called by a social progress and is directed at an aim (3) (3 -- There are some theories that reject the teleology of history, for example fatalism, anarchism, skepticism, and so on) defined in quit various ways. The progress of evolution with time is traditionally marked with land marks of revolutions, wars, change of formations (more exactly, by their juridical and state-political forming), and so on. However, is this dummy of events so important to history and to introspection, to essence of

an individual? Tribe and commune Primitive tools. Hostile surrounding world full of strong enemies, no shelter from biological and geological calamities. Comparatively small tribes are sparsely distributed over planet united by the aim to survive personally, as a socium, as species, to provide themselves and posterity with food. The necessity to solve the vivid problems and an influence of a structure of psycho genotype determine an appearance of social hierarchy, hierarchy of labor and duty shearing and so hierarchy of subordination. A gathered production of the life necessary material wealth, a collective property on production's means, i.e., the all cardinal features of primitive communism in the tribe community of the objective character do not suggest an immanent necessity to have a social hierarchy and an appearance of the first dictate forms. Joint efforts of individuals in their counteractions against external dangers do not imply an inclusion in the social structure of parasitic predictaters with the first attributive features of dictate structure -servicemen of (ideological) cult, dictate conductors. The functional efficiency is determined by collective efforts in hierarchy of duties but not at all by hierarchy of subordination that always includes individuals, who alienate themselves from production activity. So the reasons for an appearance of the first forms of oppression have another quit the opposite nature connected with cardinal peculiarities, with features of people's psycho genotype that govern a fulfillment of vividly important tasks as for individual so for socium. These features, determining conscious motivations and purposes irrespective of time and region, are non-evolving, conservative. A gregarious essence of a person as a kind of "Homo Sapiens" implies a presence in the structure of his genotype a striving for submission with an evident sadist-masochist coloration and as an ulterior, a suppressed dominant, striving to command with the same nuance. Individuals exhibiting a strong power of vital initiative, aggression, i.e., the "passionated" motors of socium, implement an imperative motivation complex and dominate over other members of tribe. They conquer the components of real hedonism available at that time including the best place in house, the best food, many females. Naturally, other members of the socium, even with a dominated motivation for submission, do not accept internally such division of vital wealth, means of subsistence that is contradicting, coming in antagonism with their personal, individual hedonistic motivations. In simple words, they also wont and regard themselves not less deserving to have the best food, dwelling, females and to keep away from the burdens of provision of vital subsistence weal. The suppression of that dominant brings about a brute physical force. A dictate is fulfilled by an individual having a supremacy in force, fierceness, bestial ruse. In the classification, this form of dictate is called as a primitive-physical one. A complication of socium structure in a primitive commune, an appearance of the first bases of ideology, world outlook, cults results in widening the circle of dictate carriers involving those, who lack physical abilities for suppression but exhibit a high passionarity. They join dictate applying other abilities and inevitably are united in a functional conglomerate with the carriers of physical oppression. A bright example is an (?)ubydcky culture in Mesopotamia with the peculiar concentration of settlements around temples on platforms (temples Eridu, (?)Tell-Uryria). The proper patriarch-family, communekin socium system determines the dictate form having a sufficiently universal, total character in regulation of a way of life for its members and a stereotype of behavior. There is no doubt that a lack of brutal physical oppression for imposition of a life conformism is a reason of appearance of the first systems of social bans called taboo. A part of them was conditioned by a combination of interests

of the dictate system and objective reasons (for example, a prohibition of blood-relative marriage among many tribes to avoid degeneration), the others reflected only dictate carriers' interests, for example, a taboo on some kinds of food consumption for different layers of commune. Family as a primary cell of dictate system in some transformed forms is present practically in all known forms of dictate including the latest (4) (4 -- The social forms that include other marriage unions such as pynayla(?), polygamy, polyandry, change nothing in the essence of subordination relations, as they touch only a sphere of sexual relations). So it looks reasonable to consider the gist of the relationships in family taking into account the fact that the couple marriage is an immanent feature of almost all forms (5) (5 -- For example, the Napoleon code secures with a system of jurisdictional acts the structure of subordination in family. At the most early phases of slavery, family represented a clear undisturbed example of dictate system) of social construction and so dictate forms. Matriarchal as a system of feminist domination resulted from certain objective reasons reveals one of those deadlocks of humankind evolution that happens due to an indeterminacy of the process and lacks an analogy among other kinds of mammals. The male domination in pair sexual contacts of mammals is the principle common feature in biosphere. (6) (6 -- Even if it is not so i.e., a female prevailing takes place in some concrete cases, the essence of conclusion will not be different.). The domination may be coursed by a supremacy of physical force or psycho physiological or functional-social, it is not important. The essence is that in a contact one of the participants is subordinated and another subordinating. Naturally that all the other members of family, on whom hierarch can impose his will, are also subordinated, suppressed. The feature that hierarch here does not self-alienate, does not keep himself out of productive activity is not a principle one as it results from a poor labor productivity, i.e., from a parameter that is variable, evolving. For hierarch, the imposition of his will on family members is possible when he is in full strength and mind. However, old age deprives him of fighting qualities, and a clever hierarch, realizing the necessity of reinforcement of his power in family at least for his life span, introduces some elements of introspective suppression including a family law as a system of customs, taboos, traditions that is pressed, inculcated into conscious of socium members starting just from their birth moment. (7) (7-- The following chapters will show that apology of family, jurisdictional standardization and stimulation of durable, stable family bonds are characteristic of an introspective dictate. Antithesis is manifested in free sexual contacts and corresponds to a comparatively low level of dictate (on Hawaii islands, and so on)). Another aspect of an introspective oppression is an induced by hierarch inspiration concerning a necessity of dictate of elders ostensibly justified by their role as carriers of experience, spiritual, and intellectual values of socium, and thus having the rights to satisfy their requirements at the expense of others. The tendency of dictate development inside family's socium is manifested especially brightly at a stage of intensive commune development, at the edge of its transformation into a form of commune slave-ownership. At this stage, the family form of dictate as a variant of physical dictate becomes a transitional phase to an intensive-physical oppression, i.e., to the form of maximal application of physical oppression, when the main instrument of suppression of natural motivations is the complete deprivation of freedom and life. During transitional period, the oppression methods differ from the intensive ones but they deviate from primitive physical means. For example, the hierarchy of subordination inside Sumer's (?)nome had already included all dictate structures that were developed to one or another degree of formation. Although a commune-tribal character of socium has been preserved, i.e., rank and file producers belonged to the same tribe as hierarchs but there was a hierarchy of labor and consumption, a conformed acketicism of oppressed and hedonism of hierarchs (8) (8 -- What is meant here is a life

philosophy, a system of motivations that in the frame of possibilities was realized in practice.) such as priests (dictate hierarchs), official persons (bureaucrats), monitors, trade-masters and senior workers (dictate conductors), and producers. A commune form of dictate in Sumer nome illustrates the general law of evolution, when a complex balance of physical and introspective oppression is shifted to the side of introspective means. An indication of incoming dictate form may be an increase of a positive introspective oppression level at some parts of socium in the frame of existing politiceconomic system. Here is meant the Sumer nome, where ideology, introspective component of oppression, is coming out in a direct simple form by blessing the dictate structures with religious dogma, since the leader of all cults is also the supreme governor, a hierarch of dictate. Religion, in nowadays understanding, i.e., an organized and well thought out system of views on the universe and social structure was absent among Sumerians. Something that we call the Sumer religion was a rather eclectic, vague conglomerate of views and ideas about world. In other words, introspective component of dictate lacking strict ideal foundation, a sum of ontology ethical bases, injected into conscious of individuals, realized itself mainly in a kind of supreme governor, a dictate hierarch. We can say that in the form of socium under consideration an introspective oppression was realized in the most starting, primitive form. Slavery as an out-of-time form of dictate

Historians with traditional point of view regard formations as sequentially changing each other including commune, slavery, feudalism, capitalism, socialism, and so on. In several European countries, it really took place. As for the rest world, the above statement is not everywhere and always true. This fact serves as an additional argument to use the proper dictate as an immanent form of socium that is continuously evolving and due to it containing more information and allowing an extrapolation for investigators (9). (9 -For example: a) Russia after feudalism in X - XIII cc. exhibited typical slavery with some nuances up to XIX c.; b) a mixture of slavery and feudalism features in Arab countries; c) Egypt at the epoch of Pharaohs represented a bureaucratic autocracy and slavery.) The second also equally erroneous is the thesis that regards slavery as a system of the extreme possible oppression. Of course, a restriction of place and way of living, a complete dependence (at least superficially) on the owner's will, brutal systems of physical influence up to death, these all look as a testimony that all awful attributes of dictate are present. However, the same attributes are also present in many other forms of dictate that are additionally reinforced and completed with even more terrible means of psychic dictate. Till the man's mind is free of oppression, it always can get rid of the external compulsion, only voiceless beasts without mind and will to freedom can be safely subject to everything. The essence is in the fact that slavery openly declares and blesses juridically, politically, and morally those brutal principles of men suppression that other dictate systems hypocritically cover with a fig leaf of humanity, erotic norms (10) (10 -The essence of ethic with respect to dictate hierarchy and motivations of layers will be discussed in a special chapter), the common weal and similar inventions of prostituted theoreticians from an accompanying dictate sublayer. The essence of the slavery oppression system, its introspection may be more clearly presented in considering its evolution (trans-nationally), because it lacks a complete cycle at one socium but each of them exhibits one or several stages of the evolution. The most early stage is the slavery in Sumer kingdom, the last one is in Rome at epoch of declination and serfdom in Russia in XVI-XIX cc. Of course, it concerns the evolution of dictate form phases but not of their chronology. Of course, the examples mentioned above represent

only a small part of historical facts but they are seemed to be sufficiently representative. Although slaves, or more exactly, slave women have appeared in historical documents of Lagash (at early dynasty period) but it is an unimportant substructure of socium and dictate form that is characteristic of the period. The oppression is based on methods of a transition-commune form. The main oppressed layer of the socium is not at all the slave women (ngeme) but patriarchally dependent members of god's "home" (temple-town) such as: handicraftsmen, agriculturists, servants, i.e., direct producers, as in many other sociums for all times, because any form of dictate exists only at the expense of direct producers and only due to them. Let us consider a socium construction, especially its structures of oppression in the first despotisms at Between-rivers, i.e., kingdoms of Sumer and Akkad III of dynasty Ur. There are direct producers (gurushes(?)) including field workers, handicraftsmen, servants, even guards, who are dependent, but not yet slaves in common meaning. Yet, they include also slaves ((?)urdu, vardum), who become gurushes when they come into a staff of household. The second big group of producers includes slave women (ngeme), the number of which is quit big. Gurush and ngeme involved in work get a provision (ration), they have no family. The comparison with transitionalcommune socium reveals a restriction of ways of manifestation of the declared principle of immanence and evolution of dictate. A poorly developed armament, a lack (or primitive development) of professionalism of warriors conditions a level of physical compulsion present in the socium. An approximate physical equality with a small preference provided by arms of that time makes natural the fact that the main object of oppression is a comparatively small (and not growing with the development of mentioned factors) mail group of producers and a mach larger part of women, because women, due to lack of physical strength, much easier may be subject to physical compulsion. Development of armament, appearance of professional warriors and guards, creation of the first state and juridical norms and, seemingly, what is the most important, an increase, intensification of an introspective component of dictate naturally produce an increase of number of oppressed up to inclusion in it of all producers of the socium (gurushes and ngemes) and strengthening of the dictate. Producer is deprived not only of the results of his labor for the sake of egocentric- hedonistic hierarchs but he also looses the ability to command his life, at least superficially, in declaration. Producer is left only with a minimum of common wealth, minimum food, primitive shelter enough only for mere existence. Sometimes, when introspective oppression turns to be ineffective with respect to individuals or a part of socium (which is always small), i.e., when conscious is not suppressed by injected slavery norms, dogma, prohibitions, than the compulsion often produces negative excesses such as riots, criminal activity, and so on. At that stage of extreme physical oppression based on death of any producer, who dare to reject stereotype, conformism of spirit and deeds imposed by dictate, the introspective aspect of dictate is not so primitive as it may seem. Even at this early stagy, it includes consecrations and introductions of taboo conserving the official authorities, a normalization of stereotype of mutual relationships and mutual subordination compiled in state laws, a suppression of active spirit's components of passionary producers by providing them constantly with the necessities for surviving. In other words, a dilemma is introduced for the producer, either you have a more or less stable existence that is secured (besides an arbitrary rule of hierarchs) by a system in exchange for loyal thoughts and deeds or, when you reject the dictate stereotype, you get a clash with the engine of suppression (11). (11- Of course, in forms of conscious categories the dilemma is realized by a comparatively small group of socium. For the overwhelming majority of producers, it exists in forms of subconscious, illogical motivations, purposes, wishes, because they accept as the objective ones the major part of

bans and norms pushed into their heads from childhood.) The rest aspects of introspective oppression mentioned above are only a logical decoration, declaration, channel, in which the desired behavior of an individual is directed but the essence of the imposed pressure is namely in that dilemma. From this point of view, political, juridical arguments, basements are used as an official basement of dictate (here, slavery) that at the given moment of socium development is its reality. The religion in that form as shown above is a mystical manifestation, personification, ethical justification of dictate and its necessity. As in any dictate system, its essence consists of a fight of two tendencies in conscious of oppressed individuals: the first is the natural, life determined motivations of egocentric hedonism and the second is motivations imposed by dictate, connected with asceticism, with giving a pleasure up for the sake of hierarchs. At the period of early slavery, a suppression, an introspective injection of loyal stereotypes is facilitated for hierarchs of dictate by a low level of development, a lack of philosophical, ethical and alike theories, of knowledge on the socium essence and an individual gist. At the places, where teaching of introspective character had existed , for example, in India, there was a possibility of analysis (based on different postulates) of an ontological and ethical life foundation and ideology of slavery and introspection of consciousness gave flaw here, at least for a part of socium, and turned out to be inefficient. It resulted in dropping out from dictate system of some individuals and groups that belonged to different layers of hierarchy from producers to proper hierarchs including gymnosophists, anchorites, yogis of India. Let us consider now an example of a hypertrophy of all basements of the slavery oppression in its later version represented by Rome at epoch of declination and by serfdom Russia. The main objective characteristics of the imperial Rome dictate include powerful army units of professional warriors, a state system of detection and supervision imposed by centurions, state inspectors of trade, moral, and so on, a raised to extreme physical suppression (12) (12 - When at an early stage of slavery the price for a slave was high, at the epoch of Rome expansion an untrained slave was sold cheaply, so the main basement for oppression was the extermination, killing of slaves), a well formed dictate hierarchy with political and juridical norms that included all mature layers of dictate. The most important is a creation of means of introspective pressure in a very direct form. They include methods of positive encouragement of active carriers of loyal stereotyped motivations, an encouragement of hedonistic features of psychic genotype of individuals included in the upper layers of dictate system and accompanyings adjoined to it, and also methods of suppression of that type of inclinations among producers applying such frightening things as public execution, crucifixion of disloyal passionaries, and so on. However, just as all methods of negative introspective suppression of strategic motivations, these methods cannot restrain a negative to dictate activity of individuals and the powerful motivations of vivid actions of passionaries among producers, because these methods are only valid among individuals, who are internally ready to slavery, are exhibiting socially- masochistic features of character and a low level of vital aggression, or, in the words of L.Gumilev, are "nonpassionary". The monotheism of Christianity originated at that epoch was created by negative passionaries, by individuals, who dropped out from the dictate system such as active adepts, professional preachers (13) (13 -- A form of rejection of dictate as the essence of socium often represents itself in a religious split or in creation of a new religious cult, for example, Christianity at origination, bogomils, (Mazdak’s followers, orthodox split, catharists, and so on). This new cult has played a great role in developing of introspective oppression in slavery and in the following political forms but not in forms of dictate. The idea of expiation as a cardinal ethical feature of Christianity

with its slavery moral of rewarding for deeds (in spite of its profound philosophical sense) together with the dogmas of mystical faith, mystical fatality of supreme will, passions and all-forgiveness, and to the greatest extent of a dogma of asceticism as an ethical norm and ideal, these all have turned out to be an excellent ideology foundation for introspective oppression. The anthropomorphic carrier of ideas in esoteric interpretation of Christianity for productive layers of socium makes the mysticism of theosophical idea of monotheism accessible and understandable to the main socium layers with an immanently low intellect. The profound, mystic essence of Christianity remaining incomprehensible to the most producers, esoteric, nevertheless assists in inspiration to the majority of the ideas of astrality of the religion ontology. The ethical ideas following from the religion directly correspond to dictate aims, are included organically in its structure and quit successfully resolve the tasks of positive-motivation suppression, much more efficiently than direct negative-motivational methods (14) (14 -- The confirmation of efficiency is seen in the starting Christian sects and to some less degree in Christian states in Europe at the early medieval.) The idea of incommensurability of the waiting eternity filled with rewards for the degree of pious in the earth life (read, the loyalty of determinants and motivations of behavior) and of a short period of existence with temptations of conniving to the immanent hedonism, the idea that appeals to the strongest person's feeling, to the fear of death, turns out to be also an exclusively positive instrument for the suppression on natural motivations of a person. If the dictate form and the social- political formation were corresponding to each other, the slavery, getting such a powerful mean of introspective dictate supplementing the stable and developed to the extreme degree methods of physical dictate, should exist successfully even further. However, the slavery formation disintegrated and its debris were used as a basement to a new feudal society. Does the character of dictate change under this transition? The answer is negative and the argumentation will be given in the next section. Here, we shall consider the reasons of the formation disintegration through an analysis of the dictate form and determining socium features. The power of socium (ethnos, state) to the extreme degree is determined by unidirectional activity and so by motivation of the major part of socium and hierarchs of the political system. This thought with irresistible argumentation is present in the books of giants of human mind such as Aristotle ("Politics"), Plato ("Republic"), Montaigne ("Essays"), Helvetius ("About mind"). It is also supported by theoreticians of Marxism explaining transformations of states and ethnoses by social contradictions. If we throw away the vulgar-economic cover, we shall see that the essence of the social contradictions is just the different directions of motivation-aiming dominants of psychic in different dictate layers -- of hierarchies, conductors of ideas, accompanying sublayers and direct producers. A necessity of surviving of ethnos in the temple-towns of early Sumer and Akkad in the permanently hostile ethnic surrounding conditioned a prevailing of collective labor and militant efforts (and so a subordination to dictate) over natural hedonistic determinants of behavior and actions. At the late epoch of Rome, the same dictate system, although developed up to a hypertrophy of the basic features, turned to be inefficient as a basement of political-economical system due to the following reasons of introspective character. A replenishment of slave-producer contingent with foreign ethnoses introduces a characteristic heterogeneity of motivations conditioned by just variety of ethnoses. A sharp stratification, i.e., an appearance of a huge abyss in satisfaction of cardinal hedonistic motivations between different layers of the political formation ( as a reality of dictate), while the amount of produced material wealth is quickly growing along with luxury goods, results in a growth of antagonism, diversity of motivational, activation, moving motives of the dictate carriers and producers. An improvement of arms, an increase of

professionalism of dictate conductors, a legalization of oppression by the efforts of accompanying layers of socium results in the complete chaotic diversity of motives in the slave society. The growing suggestions of the market of hedonistic weal unattainable to the majority necessitates an increase in the negative passionarity in all forms of dissidence, a criminal activity, and so on. A traditional way suitable for all periods, forms of dictate, political, economical social structures, is a neutralization of negative passionarity by ethnic expansions of various character (aggressive wars, ethnic assimilations, and so on) with the obligatory inclusion in them of aggressive measures. Due to the mentioned above reasons of great negative passionarity, the ethic expansions are often a success (15) (15 -- Conquests of the Rome empire; Mongol conquest of Turkey at epoch of seljuks; Spain and Portuguese expansions in XV -XVII cc. and several other examples), however they induce paradox results. In the wars that are successful for a state or ethnos, the success is reached by pushing an inert mass of ethnos by an initiating activity of the positive passionarity of a high level. Yet, the carriers of this passionarity during war mutually exterminate each other, so they are reduced in number or dissipate their passionarity. In other words, the level of negative passionarity, its share in an integral conglomerate of socium spirit is increased. A growing amount of material weal getting available in socium due to successful war results in even more chaos of moving motivations in society that conditions an increase of the negative passionarity share and enlarging the abyss in hedonistic possibilities discussed above. In stimulating prosperity of material side of socium, successful wars initiate and are a reason of starting stagnation of a socium economic system but not at all of the dictate system that can exist even under total disintegration of the state system and when it is formally substituted for another one distinguished by trifle features of a functional and label character, by titles of conductors and carriers of dictate, and so on. At a stage of ethnos political form disintegration, wars happen to be unsuccessful when a collision takes place with socium having a higher level of positive passionarity. Then, all the features mentioned above manifest themselves in the extreme degree. Unsuccessful wars, especially at the epoch of slavery, are often completed with a total disintegration of state system and sometimes even with perishing of ethnos. That thesis is completely applicable to the epoch of Rome declination. In other words, unsuccessful wars often complete the disintegration started by successful wars. The serfdom in Russia represents the second example of slavery system at the stage of hypertrophy of dictate basic features. Here, we find all external signs of a slavery political system that includes the extreme degree of physical oppression of a major part of producers up to the official right to command their life, a presence of a powerful state machine of oppression, a state system of taboo and a powerful apparatus for injection of ideological foundation of conformity of spirit and stereotype behavior. The apparatus fulfills, just like in the Cesarean Rome, various tasks including a personification of dictate hierarchy as a good and weal beginning for the socium, bringing up a believe in the necessity and justices of the system of official laws (system of taboo), and, what is the most important, believes in the ethical canons and consolations of religion with its modified for mob slavery ethics of reward, passion, fatality, and a dictate as an immanent universum. With respect to the Rome empire, we have here a quit different geography, climate, ethnoses, ways of living and traditions, but the gist of dictate, the essence of relationships in socium differs only by the character of decoration and terminology (under quit identical semantic). Whether tzar or emperor, praetorians or guards, gendarmes or centurions, slaves or serfs, but the essence is the same. As for bureaucrats, according to their slavery gist, they are identical everywhere and always. A hypertrophy of state slavery as a form of

socium existence is a sign that the system is exhausted and an exchange is coming. The Rome empire disintegration and a creation on its debris of other state agglomerations do not at all testify for the change of dictate or at least for a change of formal system of the state economy- political formation. When changes of dictate forms are coming as evolution, the changes of dictate formations, even sometimes marked by revolution turnovers (16) (16 -- The outward social collisions very often are regarded as marks of history. Mush more often, it is not true.) are in reality quit evolutionary processes taking roots and growing from each other. The similarity between slavery of an early formation and slavery of the imperial Rome (17) (17- It is not a single example, but very well illustrate the idea of this work. Similar examples can be found in history of any ethnos.) are only in some details of a principle and formal character but it shows the principle, characteristic features of dictate evolution as a strategic category of socium. The case under considered brightly illustrates an argumentation of the thesis that evolutions of dictate and economic-political system are not adequate. The disintegration of Rome does not at all mean a disintegration of the dictate form existed under that formation (18) (18- In that case, it happened much later. The argumentation of the statement is very comprehensive and will be given later.) A basic and seemingly universal feature of dictate evolution is a qualitative and quantitative increase of introspective oppression that is manifested irrespective of ethical, religion, political, economical and other concrete peculiarities. The quantitative increase means widening of various aspects and methods of both positive and negative motivations in a whole dictate structure. The qualitative increase means a more profound penetration into conscious, psychic of individual of applied instruments of introspective oppression, a degree of organic transformation of strategic motivation components and aims of an individual. For example, the degree of influence of chaotic conglomerate of archaic theosophical ideas and ethnic taboo for Sumers on motivation structures and deeds of an individual was only a prelude of the influence on an essence of deeds of a Roman empire person that was governed by an ideology of state power and even more by religion. There is a cardinal difference between evolution of dictate and evolution of formation resulted from the above consideration. A disintegration, a crash of economical and political formations connected with a collapse of traditional views, purposes, institutions is a reason of creative, intellectual burst. Events reflecting the main turning points of history influence a conscious of creative people and produce a splash of ideas and creations. Besides that, collapse or reduction of efficiency of state institutions fulfilling a concrete reality of physical, external oppression at a certain period results in a release for a short period of spiritual energy of creative passionarities that conditions the intellectual burst. These processes in no way touch the main acting participants of history, i.e., carriers and conductor of dictate and a mass of producers. The collapse of Athens democracy corresponds to a burst of philosophical and artistic mentality, just as it happened at the epochs of the Rome empire declination, disintegration of powerful states of the Middle Asia and East, at Renaissance and bourgeois revolution in Europe -- all the examples confirm the statement made above. As for the evolution of dictate, or more exactly, a dictate form, as was shown above for the first two formations and later will be shown for others, it is accompanied by an increase of introspective organic component of dictate, i.e., by a suppression of the internal, spiritual essence of individual including its motivation, aims, creative, and behavior components. So the development of dictate forms mentioned in introduction is inadequate to the development in time of concrete formations. In a cycle of development of a concrete form of dictate, for example, an intensive-physical one, evolution occurs with a growing internal suppression and so with a reduction of socium creative potential. At a given region of dictate, the evolution of intensive-physical form is not completed with the

collapse of Roman empire or serfdom, but prolongs itself according to the specific laws immanent to it. In contrast to the evolution processes of formations, which are some informal functions of time, the processes of dictate form evolution is revealed with extremely difficulty as a function of conditions and development of internal, introspective world of a person, a world of his desires and purposes, life aims and dominants, ideals and deeds. In other words, there is an internal variable that has connections with the objective world, but is not synchronous with the going external time. So the analysis and extrapolations of the character of dictate evolution can be made only using the evolution laws of the outward visible form of dictate and touching the reasons of the evolution only hypothetically. Feudalism The traditional point of view on an evolution-revolution change of economicpolitical formations claims that their sequence in time is a realization of some teleological processes with the immanent increase of a categorical criterion of teleology of so called "progress" or "progressivity". From this point of view, slavery, in spite of a much higher level of dictate, is more progressive than commune, feudalism is more progressive than slavery, and so on. At such approach, the criterion of progress is an increase of technical, scientific, and technological level of socium, with its detachment from the human basement representing a sum of all individuals with their inherent ideas of weal, happiness, way of life. To some extent, it covers a Europe-centrism of historiography living aside the evolution of people's sociums with other teleology (India, America, Pacific ocean islands). From the point of view of individual fate, spiritual and active behavior of a person, his place in dictate structure, the progress of economic aspects of socium in the primitive feudal society plays no or little role in person's life. As a sign of progress that is commonly used as an argument is the statement about individual freedom of producer that becomes greater in comparison with slavery, i.e., at least, he or she is not sold or bought. Let us consider that thesis by comparing a reality of oppression in the imperial Rome and the early feudal formations in West Europe. Slaves as the main productive force of latifundia were engaged in production of the necessary food products, raw materials for trades such as leather, oil, and so on. Dictate in slavery has a power to force a slave to fulfillment of job that does not require a formation and polishing of intellectual skill of an individual. However, a teleological evolution (19) (19- Its end is not so obvious but requires a consideration in a special work ) at the direction of technological progress requires a development just the intellect (at least, for an increase of trade skills and its necessary modernization) and not the physical power of producers, although, it is also much welcomed by dictate hierarchs. That is why the high technology productions of the vital weal for the dictate carriers are made by formally free producers, handicraftsmen. Of course, their freedom is only formal, as the dictate spreads its influence on an overwhelming majority of socium and, without any exclusions, on everybody involved in production. A peasant under feudalism does not differ at all from a slave on latifundia allowing for his suppression and the place in dictate structure (20) (20 -- Except for some declared features such as not to be sold). He has the same toil, asceticism in life stile, except for some details as, for example, the right to have a family (with the right of the first night left for seignior). As before, he is deprived of the results of his labor and, what is important, he as an individual experiences the same oppression essence of his introspective basement including motivations, purposes, and wishes. There is no difference whether he is an owner of production instruments or a partly owner. It means nothing respective to the essence of his life, life style, character of consumed weal, level of satisfaction of the basic hedonistic motivations. It

is not important whether he posses the tools of his labor or borrows them, or they are hired, when the main result is the same: products of his labor do not completely belong to him, without restrictions imposed by dictate (but the picture of a socium without dictate and with free exchange is an illusion dream, utopia, (?)Rousseauism in its over-utmost version). So regarding feudalism as an economic formation but from the point of view of its connection with dictate concretions, we have come to the conclusion that, in spite of label, formal, political, and so on, differences of the dictate form respective to the main part of producers of that epoch -- to peasants, we have here the same powerful system of physical oppression modernized and reinforced by a development of state-political and ethical foundations, the same introspective oppression of the previous type also modernized by an intensification of influence of positive motivations introduced by growing ideology of the Christian monotheism in its aspect of basing and affirmation of dictate ethic. As for another part of producers, i.e., industrial workers and handicraftsmen, there is a restriction of oppression for them, at least in some aspects, caused by a necessity of their skill development and, as a result, of some sides of intellect. However, dictate, while restricting itself with application of some aspects of physical oppression to this group of producers, compensates it by an intensification of other aspects of oppression (21) (21- A differentiation of oppression methods to various groups is traditional for any dictate form). The introspective component of oppression consisted of a system of spiritual taboo and spiritual transformation of motives with the help of mystic consolation and ousting of the basic motivations is partly reinforced by a system of positive notions that impose to the members of the group of producers an illusion of freedom, social importance, alienation from a common structure of oppression. It was fulfilled in a form of structure- state acts such as an autonomy of trade production centers (i.e., cities), social and property privileges suggested to producers of industrial goods. What has changed in dictate as a categorical essence of socium governing the relationships between dictate hierarchs and producers in their internal, spiritual and integralintrospective basement, foundation? The essence of all positive aspects of introspective oppression is directed only at a single aim -- while losing a small part of alienated in their favor produced common weal, hierarchs of dictate are imposing a necessary for them stereotype of motivations and activations, the conformity that is necessary for a stable functioning of system and secures their domination in socium. Since facing development of technology in socium, hierarchs physically (due to their somewhat small number) lack an ability to consume the all produced weal (22) (22- As shown above, it took place at the beginning of social- technological evolution), they use a part of it (23) (23- The common weal includes not only directly produced goods. With the development of dictate and due to complication of the whole socium, the weal covers all aspects of hedonism including the primitive ones such as women and at a higher level -- such as power, and so on.) to bribe in their favor a part of socium as conductors of dictate as well as those, who indirectly serve hierarchs' hedonistic demands including honored figures of trade, arts, entertainments, and so on. Development of these groups appeared at an early stage of dictate results in formation of stable socium layers that form stable layers of dictate. As mentioned above, their formation is based on a technological evolution conditioned by an intellectual activity of a certain part of socium individuals. Here, we have a philosophical and a historic paradox -- intellectual producers are themselves the reason that facilitates their own oppression. Some feudal carriers of dictate as well as hierarchs of any other dictate forms realizing their burdening dependence on the level of intellectual power of society have to reconcile themselves with the presence of clever people in common structure. Yet, at moments of aggravation of motivation collisions between layers of dictate, hierarchs, realizing the paramount danger of

individuals having an intellectual power and passionarity and due to it dropping out from a number of those, who can yield to introspective oppression, resort to their physical extermination sometimes even sacrificing an integrity of state system and ethnos (24) (24 -- Examples are all extremist regimes, ethnic expansions, and so on). An early stage of feudalism development and the previous, the last stage of slavery were marked by an appearance of a factor of introspective pressure that evolves further during the whole consequent history of dictate. The factor is an inversion, substitution of the highest person' ideals determining his social value in categories of life evaluations by a majority of socium. At the early stages of socium and consequently dictate development, keeping an outward obey to hierarchs, people regarded individuals having qualities of subjective human perfection as the greatest ideals, as carriers and personifications of the antique-Greece "(?)calocagaty" including athletes, philosophers, creators, who represented an incarnation of the objective virtues. The social prestige of these individuals, who undoubtedly fell out of dictate system, was so high that the highest hierarchs rear infringed on them (25) (25 -- At later stages, say in XVI -XVIII cc., the thinkers, who did not serve to dictate, were exterminated either physically or spiritually). Realizing a danger of the phenomenon and quit not groundlessly (26) (26- For example, dropping out of the dictate system including hermits in India and hippies at our time), hierarchs of dictate are deliberately fooling these aspects reducing the cult of physical perfection to professional playing of athletes; philosophy representing the summit of human mentality --to a freak of oddities estranged from reality; the creative spirit -- to a prostituted factor of abstraction and entertainment. Instead of that, a substitution is injected in individual's conscious that regards as an ideal man representing the human dignity such persons as carriers of power, carriers of material weal, political power, or at least individuals serving hierarchies, realizing their hedonistic motivations of a various level of exquisiteness including actors, artists, beautiful prostitutes, and so on. Namely then, not those who were strong and wise turned out to be the heroes but princelings, tzars, and the kings of Arthurs. Let us consider the evolution of the main features of dictate in the frame of feudalism from an early stage of the formation to its maturity in different regions. The basic aspects of feudal oppression at its early stage were analyzed above. A development of state-political forms as in the limits of a single region, a single ethnos as well as in completely different ones has common features, the unity of which is conditioned by an essence of the process determining them, by dictate evolution, which is the categorical, cardinal main essence of any process in socium. Formal variations of aspects of feudal oppression have just the same tendencies as in the previous political formations. An analysis of this phenomenon brings us to a conclusion that a recurrence of characteristic phenomena in a structure of concomitant to dictate state-legal, formal-ethical and other external features is a result and an evidence of the fact that namely the dictate evolution is the reason conditioning their essences. The cycles of variations of the oppression aspects do not obligatory coincide with an evolutive change of dictate forms (more often do not coincide). The processes of development of dictate forms determining the basic features of slavery (an extreme oppression) have alike features with the formed oppression of a mature feudalism. At that stage irrespective of region (Europe, China, India), there is a strategic tendency of centralization of state power in hands of one or few persons. Besides that, the power system, its oppression ability secures a fulfillment of practically any will of a supreme hierarch. There is a direct analogy between Pharaohs of Egypt, emperors of Rome, and from the other side -- European kings, rajas in India, Chines emperors, (?)basilevses of Byzantium. An absolute centralization of power with the necessary superhuman personification of a carrier of power (27) (27- Whatever he is called

either "the Lord's Anointed", "God's Deputy", or " Athon's personification", the essence is the same. The aim is to inspire the lower layers of hierarchy with an idea of a mystic basement of hierarch.) is used as a powerful idea of introspective oppression. A supreme hierarch is represented as a defender and a deliverer of people from any arbitrary rules and any troubles, as a granter of common weal and the weal itself in his face. That idea penetrates and influences peoples' mind so profoundly that all the horrors of oppression more often are not correlated with the supreme suzerain. Suffice it to recollect Jacquerie, uprising of Pugachev and a long row of other motivation bursts of dictate but with a firm believe in a supreme hierarch as a carrier of weal. The conviction of the idea is so great that it is reflected, or better to say, refracted in conscious of the best thinkers (28) (28 -- See "Politics" by Aristotle, "Repablic" by Plato, "Social Contract" by Rousseau, "Essays" by Montaigne and several others), who by no means serves dictate but nevertheless treats suzerain as a common weal and a carrier of weal. Another not less important feature of feudalism evolution connected with the first one is a reduction of arbitrary rules of dictate conductors, a concentration of management of physical suppression in hands of a single person, a regulation imposed on it (to different degrees) by legislative norms and so a reduction of the physical component in the whole structure of oppression. The statement is easily confirmed, when we compare a character of producer oppression by a feudal senior at an early feudalism based on a brutish force and a character of oppression under Louis XV. The comparison with the imperial Rome of IV-V cc. bring us to the conclusion that dictate evolution is going with an increase of introspective component but not always with a decrease of the physical one, more often with a variation of its essence. An increase of introspective component caused by a complication of the feudal social structure comparing to slavery has the other diverse aspects. A tremendous influence on formation of a slave stereotype is performed by a mature mysticism of monotheism. A development of religion as a component of oppression (29)(29 - Of course, it is impossible to reduce the essence of this huge phenomenon of civilization only to a support and co-participation of dictate. At the same time in the mature form, the religion organization represents itself a form of dictate.) not only deepened its mystic foundation, theosophy and methods of influence on human psychic (sublimity of temples, the procedure of preying, rhetorics of ministers, and so on), but also reinforced the formal church organization. Due to such changes, the church deviated from a pure introspective oppression at a time of Rome and assumed a row of functions of physical suppression of the persons, who rejected conformity. The positivism of introspective oppression of natural motivations of producers that characterized the religion of an early Christianity (Islam, Confucianism, and so on) has changed for a negative oppression and injections of dogmas, bans, taboo in conscious of individuals. As a direct instrument of suppression, the religion uses not only outward decorations but also (and to significant degree) its mystic-ethical dogma of requital. As in slavery, wars are used for reduction of negative passionarity of producers. However, in feudalism their influence on evolution of state and dictate forms decreases, because spiritual and often blood relationships of dictate hierarchs and also their pure pragmatic motives reduce the consequences of successful and unsuccessful wars on fates of state and ethnos. Capitalism When slavery and feudalism present evolution phases of the same dictate form called in the classification as an intensive-physical, capitalism from its early phase started in the middle stage of feudalism up to nowadays imperialism represents a completely new form of dictate that is realizing different principles, instruments, forms, state structures, ethical

and motivation foundations. While exhibiting not very cardinal changes in a formal essence of dictate such as its state, jurisdictional, and so on aspects, capitalism conditions a necessity of involvement in production not only hands but thoughts of producers; a necessity to modernize trade skills, means of production and, so a development of science and its adepts, who are so hated but are necessary to dictate carriers. For the first time, the relationships between producers and hierarchs acquire a character of an indirect dictate modified by a hired labor. Even to a greater extent, it influences producers of agricultural goods. In all previous forms of dictate and its outward decorations, a hierarchy of dictate was realized in a quit determined structure with localizations of functions. For example, the Rome emperor is a supreme hierarch, the dictate carriers are state officials, nobilities, regional and military hierarchs, the accompanying layer includes conductors of ideas, owners, traders, art professionals, and so on, executors of dictate are warriors, centurions, criminal department, jurists, and so on, producers are slaves, colons, handicraftsmen. As for capitalism, the structure here acquires very amorphous features. Let us start from the supreme hierarch of dictate. A political head of state system in a socium with capitalist relationships for several reasons in no ways can be a supreme hierarch . First, according to the definition, the supreme hierarch is a structural component of dictate, who personifies the most complete satisfaction of any motivations of cardinal, egocentric-hedonistic type. A political head of capitalist society whatever he called, lordchancellor, president, prime-minister, chairman of assembly, is not more but a member of conductor layer of dictate, i.e., an official, who carries out the same dictate functions in a frame of strict dogmas and regularities (30) (30 -- The term "capitalism" includes here not only sociums with certain economical structures. Marxism that treats socium as a system based on economic structures is suffering from narrow sighting, because it does not explain the reasons of differences between liberal- democratic capitalist states (Great Britain) and extremist regimes with the same economy such as fascism, Chilly, France at the period of Convent, and so on.). In this case, a political head of state is a supreme hierarch only of a structure of dictate conductors, and the degree of his indulging in his own hedonistic motivations, their satisfaction is very poor, because any deviations from dogmas and stereotypes imposed on that sublayer of system by dictate is punished, just like in the previous forms, by an alienation from it and, consequently, from the primitive hedonistic weal that compensates loyalty and conformity. The evidence for that is the fact that the capitalist supreme head's wealth representing a feature of dictate hierarch often is not ranked among those, who belong to a socium layer with the highest possibilities. Under conditions of extremely developed goods-money relationships in capitalism, the satisfaction of any motivations is eventually connected with the amount of the commodity equivalent at the individual's disposal. From that point of view, any official of the apparatus of dictate conductors irrespective of its rang is not a hierarch of the dictate form. The second sign is a contradiction to the following feature. The activation of egocentric-hedonistic motivations to the degree that is characteristic to dictate hierarchs implies the possibility of an arbitrary high level of suppression of other socium layers, alienation of the products of their activity and compulsion of them to satisfy hierarch's wishes. Head of a capitalist state is restricted in his actions by a code of dogmas and regulations of an official- jurist and ethical type to such a degree that allows him to be only an instrument in fulfilling the will of some anonymous hierarch (who will be discussed later). A capitalism's peculiarity is a compulsory change of formal governors that also confirms the statement mentioned above. Presence of some differences in individuals' life philosophy, motives, purposes, even if they are small in comparison with the basic hedonistic foundation, is the reason

why capitalist socium governed by them is not moving continuously and progressively at the direction of objective evolution of the dictate form but with some fluctuations sometimes very considerable in their social respect. The mentioned differences are a new factor in dictate structure in comparison with the sufficiently narrow stereotype of motivations and activations of hierarchs of the previous form (31). (31- Of course, all the mentioned above have no connection with the forms of extremist kind that do not belong to any specific form and are not in the main stream of dictate development such as (?)mazdakits, (?)sarbasars, ismailians, dynasty of (?)Saydellers in Micronesia, Savonarola, Robespierre, Mao.). Variations of details in the state mechanism of oppression while keeping preserved the objective tendency of dictate evolution secure from one side a purposeful search of various efficient mechanisms of conformation, stereotyping of the strategic motivations of individual, and from the other side, they reduce the possibility of formation of a stable negative, opposition complex (32) (32-Here are meant the negative motivations that inevitably arise in conscious (subconscious) of an individual and reject the good sides and the necessity of dictate. They are conditioned by evolving collision of the growing oppression and restrictions of natural motivations) in the main part (because in any socium there are a layer of passionated persons who reject dictate. The form stability depends on their number and passionarity) of producers. Some possibility of penetration in the highest state level of individuals representing different sublayers of dictate hierarchy inevitably results in a presence in their activities of certain peculiarities of the collective psychotype characteristic to their own layers. While taking into account this thesis and before considering other layers of the dictate form in their social relations, let us search for an answer to the question about real dictate hierarch or hierarchs in the capitalist formation. Hierarch, his place and the main functions are quit conservative parameters of dictate system and change very little in essence varying only form, label, and so on. The appearance of capitalism inside feudal society represents the appearance of new socium layers with common subordinations, with immanent suppression, structure, sublayers, and functions. The socium structures include such features as department organizations of handicraftsmen, the official power is in hands of suzerains and seniors, suppressed to the beast level peasants, trading is in hands of professional merchants and appearing unions (Hanse and others). The most thorough analysis of these and other less important social strictures gives no answer to the put question. Some layers vanished with time, others were transformed completely and became unrecognizable, and neither of them corresponds to those basic conditions that correspond to a hierarch, i.e., the stable status and functions, the highest level of possibilities of hedonistic kind, the presence of power that allows subjectively openly or secretly influence the motivations of the society members and so impose an effect on events and the whole history. In the course of time, the production industry is transformed into a giant conglomeration, where both a worker and a manager are only screws in a machine, the official power is also transformed and acquires completely different view and functions. There is nothing in common between a farmer of the end of the twentieth century and a down-trodden peasant of the fourteenth century except for the kind of trade. Commerce, while preserving its essence and functions, got wider and changed a row of its aspects but did not turn to be a dominating feature of society. Yet only one socium's side and structure in the capitalist society has remained to be stable and has functioned stationary through the whole history of capitalism. It is plutocracy, financial oligarchy of the capitalist world that has in its hands the most powerful tool of suppression consisting in the main part of money and in an apparatus for their movement and transformations. Their sums contain the major part of an existing turnover of the goods' equivalent ( more exactly, of universal equivalent for

satisfactions of all aspects of hedonistic basement of human psychotype) that can be transformed in material weal and power, people's deeds and thoughts, quit various sides and objects of a functioning socium. The ability to command, i.e., the presence of objective instruments and levers for satisfaction of life- determining motivations, the possibility of a positive, encouraging control of motivations and purposes gives in the hands of hierarchs much more efficient and powerful mean of physical oppression. Yet, a direct correlation, personification of a dictate hierarch (hierarchs) with financial magnates: bankers, plutocracy on the whole -- is only partly true and does not cover the gist of the question as it always happens with a half-truth. Really, at the first glance, just the bankers at all stages of evolution keeping in their hands the major part of money command the main lever of control. But at different stages of capitalism, the layer of hierarchs variety its number and quality and includes representatives of different layers such as feudal seniors, medieval autocrats, church hierarchs, industry magnates, and so on (34) (34- An increase of the layer of hierarchs having all attributes and possibilities results from the jump in production efficiency of the lowest layers that make it feasible for a lager number of individuals to alienate the common weal for themselves.) This fact shows that capitalism as a form of dictate is not a simple single form. At the early stage of development, capitalism corresponds to the latest phase of the total-physical form of dictate with increasing negative introspection that is characteristic of all declining forms of oppression. At the mature stage, the formed capitalism represents a new form of dictate, an introspective-physical, as it was named in introduction. It confirms again the thesis of a non- synchronize evolution of dictate forms and political-economical formations. Identification of plutocracy with the highest hierarch besides a quantitative enlarging of the category results in several peculiarities. First, a versatile conglomeration of comparatively large layer of individuals possessing the all immanent attributes and prerogatives of the layer that has grown from a previously small group. Staring from the meddle phase of capitalism, the supreme hierarch undertakes a transformation in a comparatively large sublayer. From an autocrat, oligarchy or a small group it grows to a sufficiently large group that alienates itself from production activity and concentrates in its hands the instruments and attributes of oppression, the universal equivalents of the vivid weal. The reason for this phenomenon consists in the fact that organic interrelationships of different aspects of socium functioning, development of its technological industrial side results in production of such amount of weal covering all aspects and levels of hedonism, that it turns out to be unreal and practically unachievable to consume them all by a small group of dictate carriers or even more by an autocrat whatever resourceful he can be. An increase of the volume of produced weal resulted in enlargement and transformation of the layer structure of dictate carriers and in appearance, in contrast to the previous dictate realities, of informal features of belonging to the class (35) (35- In the previous forms the dictate carrier realized its essence as a concrete social-political hierarch such as leader, despot, (?)Caesar, emperor, king, duke and so on.). The features include alienation from labor (that implies an acketicism and deformations of natural motivations), concentration in hands of individual a much amount of universal equivalent (36) (36- This situation is possible under the imposed by dictate carriers an artificial system of barter that includes a universal equivalent abstracted from the real consumers' values, i.e., money.) that secures the individual's influence on production and operation of the formal apparatus, a presence in the social ethics of such components that apply to any aspects, either material or moral, its concrete equivalent ( the most primitive common saying in capitalism: "Everything is on sale"). And, what is the basic, what produces all and any sides of outward features of operating capitalist socium, is the foundation of dictate on a positive oppression, on an

alternative: whether a satisfaction of natural hedonism under loyal stereotyping of the moving motives or an alienation from abundant and versatile (37) (37- The versatility is only in outward. In essence, it is only a formed primitive including the vices resulted from laziness, meals, procedures of euphoria, women, satisfaction of sadistic and other perverse motives) ocean of hedonistic possibilities, if a person chooses a rejection of the conform existence (38) (38- The rejection may be voluntary (anchorites, hippie, to some extant, creators, and so on) or compulsory (a confinement of all kinds, at some stages, sanding in exile to America, Australia) with all its internal and external attributes. A continual group of hierarchs of capitalism has a new feature in comparison with the previous forms -- that is a dynamic structure. Its composition, character, quality and quantity, all of these things are changing, evolving. At different stages, hierarchs include leaders of industry, manufactures, latifundists, and so on, bankers of all kinds, political hierarchs, big rentiers (under any labels) and everybody, who fits to the features mentioned above. Its dynamic consists in a continuous, but not totally complete, variations caused by an appearance of new and disappearance of old members (components) of the dictate layer. A break of masses through the cast barriers into the dictate structure using sexual, intellectual, will, and any other instruments is not a new phenomenon in history, yet, it lacks analogy by the scale and is increasing with the development of capitalism. The first reason for that (as mentioned above) is an increase of productivity and so of the volume of alienated weal. The second is an augmentation of the role of intellect as a purchased mean used in the fight for surviving between hierarchs. This factor is the main reason of changes in the structure of suppressed layer, of producers. Evolution of dictate, like the evolution of any phenomenon, is the process of development and manifestation of its principle features that governs its activations. These features are more completely and brightly exhibited when the process or phenomenon is in full swing. So the cardinal features of a layer of producers in capitalist system are the most clear and conspicuous at the last of its phases, i.e., in the modern capitalism. What features of department handicraftsmen of XIV c. were so bright as to allow to make a prediction that they would be developed and extrapolated in the structures and features of the modern capitalism of the XX-th century? If you do not know the followed history, it is difficult to answer the question. The development of industry in the advanced capitalist hegemony-countries is characterized by several features. They include a modernization of technology, technical, and scientific components of producers' labor that practically excludes a hard toil; a giant growth of power supply to industry; the growth of necessary qualification that includes not only skill, but an intellect of producer; an industrialization of agricultural workers' labor with the resulted consequences, and so on. A cybernetization in industry even more deepens and develops the features, because in order to control a complex automatic machine it is necessary to have a developed mentality. Being the main feature of producer, it changes his attitude to dictate hierarchy and results in the process of dictate introspectivization that has started at the down of human socium development (see the parts "Commune", "Slavery...") and now is hypertrophied into the cardinal dominant of dictate. The prevailing of mental activity of producer over physical efforts in production and an inefficiency of physical oppression as a mean of active deformations of moving motivations (39) (39- The motivations that are of not a negative kind, i.e., prohibitive as in previous forms, but active that are prompting intellect and emotions in a proper direction.) and also a giant growth of volume and quality of produced material weal are the reasons that the main instrument of oppression turns to be a positive suppression of motivations connected with an ability to one or another degree partly satisfy hedonistic

basements of the psychological motives of activity. A direct physical oppression, depending in different degrees on concrete conditions, securing a physical activity, i.e., a complex of purely physical production acts of different efficiency, turns out to be a secondary mean of oppression while the component of "taboo" in it is increased and the direct frightening component of an introspective-penitentiary character is reduced. The mean of oppression turns to be not a forced conformation of those, who do not accept the necessary for dictate stereotype but a positive stereotype formation working out such a system of conscious categories of a cultural-dictate kind that can neutralize the powerful action of natural motivations of a subconscious-species type. In other words, using the social nature of a person, an advanced development of its conscious-logical component of mentality, dictate suggests an alternative that ostensibly corresponds to the hedonistic foundation of an individual but in reality it just as before harnesses him to the chariot of slavery. Either you accept the stereotype motives of producer, made it the foundation of your life philosophy and get as a compensation a possibility to satisfy some of quit primitive aspects of individual hedonism or you can reject the willing doctrine of conformism and chose the way of antagonism with the whole refine, powerful system of dictate that will result in your disintegration (moral or physical) or in a necessity to leave the socium. The theory of surplus value describes only the economic side of the weal alienation by hierarchs without paying attention to the psychological sides that are basic for socium. An injection of conscious dogma and taboo stereotype into producer occurs not only (and in a less degree) through external direct pressure. To much more extent, it is made through declared and real criteria of life prosperity, by suggesting a big, constantly spreading circle of possibilities to satisfy the most refine aspects of hedonism and applying methods of indirect influence such as philosophy, arts, shows. These aspects are reduced to an influence, stimulation of the those hedonistic basement of psychotype or more exactly some of its faces, sides that represent just the object of oppression. It seems as a paradox at the first glance but it is only seems. The determinants of natural psychotype and their subconscious essence are very difficult to subject to suppression of an external type. For some time, they can be neutralized, balanced but their power is irresistible and a break through in the sphere of conscious counteractions is inevitable. It explains the high frequency of social, ethnic, individual, state explosions, revolutions, riots, the plenty of counter-versions of psychotype realizations in the forms of robbery, conquest, and piracy of all kinds. In developed countries, capitalism exhibits a transformation of dictate into introspective form, where, as shown above, an imposed- introspective form of oppression is prevailing that makes it a much more powerful mean of dictate and of the same nature (40) (40- It touches other levels of mind affectation as shown above but of the same essence that includes motivations.) as the opposing it system of motivations of an individual and different social groups. It accounts for the fact that in the developed capitalist dictate, for example in France or the USA, there are no collisions with such high tensions of motivation antagonism that is a characteristic of social explosions of antidictate kind, especially in comparison with the frequency of the same phenomena in France under other dictate forms, say, in a period from IX to XVII cc., when the intensive- physical dictate had dominated. Of course, it does not mean at all that the imposed-introspective dictate of capitalism has completely neutralized the motivation activity of a human psychotype. Just as in other psychological situations of such type (41) (41-A comprehensive analysis with application of some results of classical Freudism will be given in chapter 3.), the conscious aims (according to Freud) are an inevitable yoke, a repression for the subconscious. The breaks of subconscious through in some active forms are inevitable and, having some mass stereotypization and unification, they are manifested in different

forms including those that were met in previous concrete state forms of dictate. A growth of intellect, being necessary for material weal production and surviving, results, besides traditional producers of previous formations necessary to dictate, in new layers of oppressed individuals. These individuals represent the carriers of productive intellect. The development of technology that conditioned and resulted from the science development, opens a way to a giant spreading of the circle of particular sciences and to their objective division on the fundamental and application sciences, or better to say, on cognitive and pragmatic with the inherent specificity of epistemological and practical tasks. At the previous periods, the cognitive and elite science in spite of being the foundation of technology development nevertheless had not challenged direct practical tasks connected with production. It was more a mean and a need of passionary minds to cognize the essence of the universe. Capitalism brings about a cardinal change. The immanent cognitivity of science is preserved but there are also sciences directly serving production, i.e., applied mechanics, economics, science about Earth, and so on. As the carriers of the sciences serve directly to the interests of production, they inevitably and with necessity in the course of time are involved, supplement and verify the layer of producers. The situation is the most brightly exhibited during capitalism hypertrophy at the XX-th c., when the applied science was involved into technology not only functionally but also formally as an organic substructure of economic conglomerations. The eventual foundations of applied science are theories and models of cognitive sciences that forces hierarchs of capitalist formation to stimulate not only applied sciences, that are depended and are enslaved by industry, but to great extent the cognitive sciences alienated from dictate . The surviving of ethnoses, state forms in the frames of global capitalism conditions a necessity of involvement, stimulation, application of some privileges (sometimes even damaging particular dictate's interests) to carriers of fundamental sciences. Because a mind, a mentality becomes the main mean not only of economy but also in the struggle for surviving, the existing passionarity and other aspects of socium also results in deepening, refining, universalization of introspective component of oppression and in that way a cardinal feature of dictate evolution is manifested. Capitalism representing a new form of dictate -- an introspective one, and new social-economical and state-ethical forms in combination with the wealth production that cannot be consumed by only hierarchs, entails cardinal changes in the layer's structure of dictate conductors and in accompanying layers. The more profound reason of the changes is a variation of behavior character of the layer of conductors, which subordinates to their needs formal institutes and socium spiritual life that in turn results in changes of layers and sublayers. The layer of the oppression structure that includes conductors ( and executors) of dictate is changed considerably both qualitatively and quantitatively. Of course, the layer preserves the traditional, attributive components such as jurist, military, penitential, organs of hidden repressions but their functions are also changed due to introspectivization of oppression. In the previous formations, the highest hierarch (hierarchs) of dictate is often personified as a political head of the formation such as a tribe leader, supreme head of temple-town, head of police, despot, tzar, medieval king. Hierarch of formation, as a political head with the self- application of overhuman abilities and functions (42) (42- The most bright examples include an attempt of imposing in the conscious of surrounding people a myth about divine origin of Alexander the Great (Macedonian), the same attempt with Egyptian Pharaohs, oriental despots, and so on containing a religion consecration on behave of God with application to them the divinity of all monarchs.) personifies the common weal and the good almighty, defense of weak people, and so on. An integration of a hierarch of power and a hierarch of dictate in

a single person facilitates an injection in mass's consciousness an idea of blessing of oppression, i.e., dictate in all aspects is exalted in people conscious (introspectively) as good that justifies and expiates all its negative features. Any act of oppression of an individual or a group made with the hands of dictate conductors is consecrated by the name of hierarch and conducted on behalf of his name. Sometimes this mechanism can function even without a hierarch due to a strong injection of the idea. A dispersion of dictate hierarchs in capitalism while abolishing personification of good in hierarch person conditions a necessity of another veil for the everyday terrors of suppression fulfilled by conductors. And it was found and even more efficient than before! Enlarging the layer of conductors and introducing in its members different substructures of state formations with the help of stimulations (or oppressions) of their motivation dominants, dictate presented this conglomerate as a personification of the socium itself including those, whose interests, motives, dominants were only an object of suppression -- the producers. That ideological veil has allowed to use the idea polished by previous forms of personification of good in dictate hierarch modifying it such a way that a personified good was now presented by the socium itself in the guise of "people", "íàðîä", and so on. Semantic of the term in the ideology of any form of dictate is so vague and demagogic that allows its applications for any purposes. The idea had allowed to dictate conductors, or more exactly, to hierarchs using hands of conductors to fulfill the suppression of their producers while consecrating the actions by the name of "people", its weal with different labels such as "progress", "prosperity", "common weal", and so on. It is a convenient and extremely efficient screen, since the idea of co-participation in the dictate power structure, of taking part in the process of formation of this theoretical "weal" of each particular individual is quit well imposed and reinforced in the consciousness of producers (or at any case of a majority of them). Any idea lacking a material incarnation cannot live for a long time, so an incarnation, a concretion of the weal both in capitalism and to much greater extent in extremist forms is claimed to be the destiny of the future providing that the current dictate problems are successfully settled. This is an aspect of introspective modification in functioning of dictate conductors in capitalist formation. The same side of dictate conductors' activation is efficiently intensified using a declared plurality of ideas, thoughts, and functional features of socium. The declared and partly realized plurality is the basement for a compensation of suppressed motivations by the idea of coparticipation, complicity to dictate that is looked like flattering and raising for the oppressed. A combination of these impressed illusions creates a unified illusion of dictate transformation into a generality of individuals, who activate events and the whole history. Dictate seems as if disappeared while transforming into democracy, i.e., into an illusion of governing (of dictate) of majority. The majority is the producers and, being the case, their own dictate would result either in extermination of the parasiting on them dictate system or in an exchange of places between the oppressors and oppressed, i.e., in an role changes of the acting figures of historic performance. A superficial refusal from the formal status allows hierarchs to get a much more powerful introspective mean, because any individual, having a contradictate complex of motivations of sufficiently high level (to transform himself and surrounding people in an active disloyal state), is regarded now by the major part of producers as an enemy not of the dictate system but as their own direct enemy. As the result, the number of active and passive loyal people under capitalist system of state organization and imposed-introspective dictate system turns to be much greater including in the case of hypertrophy of cardinal determinants a substantial part of producers. An analysis of the phenomenon shows that an intellectual elite of socium having positive passionarity cannot be subject to the influence of so simple

ideological modifications. With respect to that sublayer, which is so hated but so necessary, dictate applies another method of external and introspective oppression that consists in suggestion of a superficial freedom of spirit and creation. The mentality, its forms, its concretions are not restricted or are restricted indirectly. However, the efficient introspective covering of an overwhelming majority of capitalist socium along with a low intellect of the majority results in a willing for dictate situation, when a passion thought although not externally suppressed does not prompt a movement of contradictate forces (43) (43- Namely contradictate but not contra-formation forces, since a change of capitalism with another formation is only a substitution of dictate form or only of a label of the same form.) and becomes the destiny of those few, who live in an ivory tower. Besides, these moving ideas such as mazdakism in Iran or anarchism in the later times due to the reasons mentioned above become unacceptable not only to producers in traditional sense but also to an intellectual elite of technocratic type. The second not less important feature of the functional activity of dictate conductor layer conditioned by a strategic introspectivization of oppression is some kind of leveling, smoothing of pure physical oppression, giving up evident forms of frightening, its limitation by some frames of ethic-juridical kind (constitution, laws) and also a dissipation and mutual control at least declarative of different functions and aspects of concrete functional activity of dictate conductors. Of course, there are still remained a juridical and state system of taboo with the accompanying penitentiary system, militaries and policemen, state apparatus. However, their functioning with brutality is made without declaration, not openly, without stressing the factor of intimidation and imposing of negative contra-motivations in consciousness (subconsciousness) of producers but to more extent for suppression, extermination of those individuals of the intellectual elite layer, who are immune to the cardinal introspective component of oppression. An introduction in the everyday life of dictate and a permanent declaration of the term "democracy" and others connected with it is also a mean of introspective persuasion of producers in the presence of a mechanism that restricts and regulates suppression. Some changes take place in the character and scale of applications by dictate conductors of inter-ethnics (inter-states) conflicts such as wars, genocides, and so on for reduction (suppression) of a negative passionarity tension in socium having a contradictate direction. The efficiency of the mass introspective oppression applied almost on the whole socium allows to impose a complex of dogmas and ideas, which is sufficient for rejection from natural motivations in favor of acketicism reaching the level of suppression of self-preservation instinct, to such amount of individuals that a war, in contrast to being a business of some (comparatively small) groups of professional in feudalism, turns out to be a mass slaughters. It is also facilitated by such factors as the growth of labor efficiency that resulted in reduction of a number of producers necessary for production of war means, a steeple perfection of weapons for extermination of people and their works. The modification of tools for murder results in intensification of a character of physical (44) (44- It includes not only traditional arms, tools of torture, and so on, but also other products of technology such as psychophormacopy, means for psychic suppression, and so on.) oppression along with reduction of a number of concrete executors, but from the other side it demands a maximum introspective imposition on dictate conductors of loyal stereotype motivations and activations (45) (45 - In other case, the analogy happened with praetorians, mamelukes and similar groups will take place quite readily and to the extreme degree). Wars of capitalist giants in contrast to the previous formations do not result, if it is an unsuccessful war, in disintegration and collapse of state and dictate forms but only in some changes, reconstructions in the structure of alienation and utilization of the common weal produced by the bottom layers of

socium. Some changes take place (but not always) among concrete executors, dictate conductors but the essence of dictate especially for producers is kept unchanged. It can be claimed with assurance that the above made statement is valid for any war in the frame of capitalism: inter-ethnical (boer war, India-Pakistan, Iran-Iraq), liberation ( war for liberation of the USA, SouthAmerican wars, Africa), utility-aggressive (the First World War), and so on. An accompanying layer of dictate in the capitalist form plays a role that is equal in efficiency and importance to the roles of the main functional layers. This layer deserves more thorough, comprehensive analysis because its role in the whole dictate structure is very important and is inherited in other chronologically later forms of capitalism (46) (46- yet, it does not touch dictate evolution, since some concrete forms are sufficiently short-lived and present the deadlocks of evolution.). The layer is quit versatile and has many functional aspects. Besides adepts of propagandist apparatus, who has completely prostituted their mind and spirit in quit various roles, besides mongrels of creative intelligence, it includes teachers of children and youth, "scientists", who directly serve to military and police apparatus, workers of (formally free) mass media, "creators" of loyal humanitarian theories, theoreticians of jurisprudence, and so on. The motives of faithful service to dictate under capitalist oppression are quit primitive and have very much in common with the motives of any hired hangman, although they are more complex according to the introspective essence. They consist of material aspects of hedonism including luxury, money, thoughts about importance of their complicity in suppression, and also a satisfaction of specific dominants peculiar to socium individuals producing some values in cultural-creative field such as ambition, vanity, craving for fame, which are based on motivation of the commonplace hedonism including the same money, luxury, women, perversions of various kinds. Capitalism has substituted the brutal physical suppression of intellect peculiar to the previous formations that included murder, burning alive, lifelong rotting in gaol, with an introspective suppression that is decent, outwardly is deprived of horror of the previous formations but immeasurably more powerful, since it is based on strategic-vital, cardinal, natural motivations. The dissipating layer of hierarchs concentrates in its hands a huge amount of universal equivalent of material weal that allows them to retain an individual in subordination to their interests and even recruit sincere (but nevertheless corrupt) adepts by a subjective-purposeful distribution of money or an adequate weal. Relationships between the accompanying layer and the structures of direct suppression vary from a simple, direct sale and purchase of individuals ( with their corrupt spirit) to an indirect patronage in a form of charity and also a secret patronage from police service and state apparatus for receiving publicity, fame and adjoined to them weal (47) (47- No prosperity without publicity. This capitalist proverb is a short expression of the above thesis). The structure of the accompanying layer, different variations of features of the involved individuals according to their profound essence, moving motives determining concrete activations of mind, are so stereotyped, conform that do no deserve any more deep analysis. The essence is the same -- whether voluntarily or under duress, following a moral or under pressure (of life circumstances or dictate), the result is a sale of mind, intellect, spirit to the disposal of an introspective component of dictate. It is of interests to consider the layer functions, a character of their influence as on the layers of producers so on the layers of suppressers, and also methods and means of penetration in consciousness, foisting of ideas, accompanying motives helping to stereotypization and necessary to dictate. Corresponding to the demands of introspective dictate, functions of the layer of dictate include the concrete necessary means such as: 1) teaching of youth, i.e., transferring to them the necessary industrial

skills along with injection of necessary ideas plus military training, 2) direct propaganda of ideas as directly connected with rehabilitation and decoration of dictate and its hierarchs as well as those that have a similar indirect connection with hidden application of ideas of chauvinism, ethical integrity, and so on to hierarchs and dictate conductors as the embodiment and carriers of them (for example, "The Prince" by Machiavelli), 3) elaboration of humanitarian ideas, categories, doctrines that not only justify but glorify dictate up to the level of absolute ("The Prince" by Machiavelli), 4) creation of art works such as books, paintings, sculptures, houses, and so on that indirectly- associatively conduct in conscious the ideas necessary to dictate (48) (48- Majestic statues of emperors, warriors, and so on, render mach better help to dictate than ten hangmen. Their availability, possibility to be observed by millions is in contrast to the real art works that are immured in museums. The statues by Rodin are much more dangerous to dictate than a hundred of Marxes.), 5) reduction of passionarity and the level of intellectual inquiries of socium using the injections of ideals and samples of other nature that is not dangerous to dictate (49) (49- Philosopher is not fashionable any more, on pedestal of social success as the symbols of prosperity in life we can see carriers of primitive hedonism such as actors, jesters, beautiful prostitutes, even homosexuals) 6) distraction, transformation (or sublimation in Freud's words) of vivid energy, passionarity of a contradictate kind of the most active (but not the most clever) individuals of socium into other objects of activity such as sport, pioneering in different fields of activity, shows, and so on, 7) satisfaction of various primitive- hedonistic aspects of an individual including sexual, gastronomic, hallucinate, and other with the aim to atrophy, deprive him of disloyal activity, 8) injection into conscious of individuals the ideas of prevailing of material-hedonistic symbols (50) (50- because they are in the hands of hierarchs and give them a possibility to manipulate by the actions of people only under conditions when people are convinced in an absolute necessity of the wealth.) over any others, and some other functions. The consideration of functions of accompanying layer allows us to come to the conclusion that such many-sided versatile attack on consciousness of the oppressed part of socium is conducted with the single aim. The purpose is to hypertrophy some primitive sides of natural complex of psychic (subconscious) dominant by imposing the necessary to dictate ideas in consciousness and motivations in subconsciousness and by using the hypertrophy to suppress those aspects, natural motivations that are disloyal to dictate and on this basement to fasten a producer to a weal producing machine and to a system of defense of hierarchs. These are formal and informal functions of the accompanying layer with respect to producers. Besides that, being a component of dictate controlled evidently or secretly by dictate hierarchs, the layer itself affects hierarchs and dictate conductors because the influence produced by the layer affects the consciousness of all layers of socium. Hierarch, marshal, hangman, and policemen read the same books, see the same paintings, statues, cinemas, and so on, as producers. Allowing for a low or middle level of intellect of the highest layers of dictate, the syllogism is valid that the accompanying layer influences the whole socium (51) (51- Of course, it is except for passionary thinkers alienated from dictate and some other small substructures of socium (as will be discussed further)). The purposeful hypertrophy of hedonism aspects of primitive-brutal type made by the layer affects hierarchs that results in a hypertrophy of overdeveloped hedonism of their dominated motivations and in intensification and refining of hedonistic teleology defining their psychotype. The presented analysis of dictate structure may bring somebody to conclusion on a finite character of evolution and unshakable stability of capitalist system of oppression. Of course, it is far from true. Just like any other socium with an immanent form of dictate, capitalism contains social

components that are in antagonism with dictate beside the main group of suppressed producers. The layer of producers as a substructure of dictate has a row of cardinal features, aspects that are common for the all formations and forms of dictate, so its analysis will be maid separately in a special chapter. In the part "Slavery . . .", a thesis was given concerning peculiarities in suppression of different sexual groups of socium. In capitalism the structure of oppression has changed but the differences also take place although they are conditioned by other reasons. Here is meant not an economical or legal inequality but a difference in the essence of introspective pressure and the character of perception. When in slavery at least at the first stage of its development, woman became an immediate victim and an object of suppression due to her comparative physical weakness, in the period of introspective oppression she becomes the most susceptible and obedient to it due to peculiarities of her psychology. Women are more yielding to suppression due to their peculiarities connected with prevailing of emotional component over logical, more plastic psychic, conservatism and permanent motivational striving to stable forms, cardinal less (in comparison with man) level of passionarity and vivid aggression, heightened level of primitive hedonism, and many other determinants of their moving motives. Under conditions of capitalist formation with dominating introspective component of oppression and those positive-hedonistic aspects discussed above, women due to the peculiarities of psychotype become not only objects of suppression but even adepts and sometimes symbols of a declared life moral, life philosophy. A beautiful woman that does not belong to the layer of hierarchs represents in some sense a reality, a performer, an incarnation of some aspects of the declared to socium partial hedonism. So under conditions of hypertrophy of introspective dictate, woman becomes a personified incarnation of vivid aspirations, vivid activity, and as a result she includes herself into active loyal aspects of motivations and becomes a tool of dictate. The hypertrophy of introspection and the dissipation of the dictate layer result in a situation when the highest layer of dictate with its prerogatives and attributes is as if stepping aside in a shadow while dictate conductors in a form of state apparatus look like having the status (illusive) of the summit of oppression. The absoluteness of state power is accompanied by a transformation of ethnic components, spiritual and objective, into state components that results in a vague shape of ethnoses and in a suppression of formal formations fixed with juridical, political acts and of the ethnos's tendency to a cyclic spreading and shrink. That tendency is stable and is preserved in the following formations and dictate forms. Extremist state formations Extremist state formations represent a realization of an extreme hypertrophy of all aspects, means, instruments of oppression. The orbit of oppression encompasses practically all layers of socium including also an apparatus of dictate conductors and accompanying layers as well as producers, who represent a traditional layer of oppressed. The oppression has acquired features of totality and automation using a powerful apparatus of bureaucracy, police, secret organs of oppression, army, ideology apparatus. The next characteristic feature of such type formations consists in the presence of parastate infrastructures in socium united by an ideological doctrine, which is as a rule throughout demagogic and has no real philosophical foundation. Another characteristic feature of these formations consists in their short life in the historical scale, when compared with such basic formations as slavery, feudalism, and so on. The short duration is conditioned by the proper essence of total oppression, which is imposed also on intelligent side, on spiritual essence of socium and carriers of intelligence that represents the

foundation of socium and state stability. That formation lacks a logical prehistory due to a short duration of existence and also due to the following effects. It is secondary and looks to be a deadlock of evolution, the expenses of evolution. The formation can be met at various stages of dictate and socium evolution. The frequency of its appearance in history increases with the reinforcement of means of physical dictate from weapons to psychotropic means (52) (52- Besides pharmacology, there are psychological, psycho physiological, and so on, means) and means of introspective dictate. Still, its appearance is not connected with any regularities either chronological (if it is regarded as a form of state organization) or social-economical (if it is regarded as form of dictate). A totality of dictate in the formation very often transforms into a genocide as of own socium so of the external ones positioned near or far away. The following examples of the formation can be mentioned belonging to different regions and epochs (53) (53- Of course, the list is not complete but it is representative for the aims of this work.): 1) Government of masdackits in Iran in VI c. 2) Dynasty (?)Saudelers in Micronesia. 3) State of ismailians. 4) Fascism in Germany XX c. 5) France at the end of XVIII c. 6) China at a time of Mao Tse-Tung. 7) Cambodia under Pol Pot, and some others. The ideology laying in the foundation of formations of that type is always sufficiently primitive, demagogic with a miserable philosophy that makes it reachable or be looked like reachable to a major part of producers. It always includes the components that are consonant to dominants of producers' psychotype. The examples are mazdakism, ismailians, Marxism (54) (54- While proclaiming the ideas of formal equality in social life and properties, mazdakism eventually had reduced everything to autocracy and to extermination of dissidents. Ismailians, who proclaimed an extreme radical form of Islam, eventually had come to the same extremist autocracy. Marxism, while having a different ideology, in the reality of socialism eventually has come to the same.), and so on. That formation always contains a layer of ideology adepts, who are the real hierarchs (55) (55- The hierarchs are not everybody of the ideology adepts but only hierarchs of that substructure of socium.) of the dictate form. The layer of adepts also forms structures of dictate conductors and executors. A low intellect and an adherence to miserable doctrine reaching a fanatic level of the most perverse type (56) (56- Ismailians had perfected the degree of fanaticism up to the level of complete selflessness) allow to form executors of such brutality that they are ready to exterminate all dissidents, who disagree with the doctrine or may be indifferent to it. In the frame of the state formation, hierarchs of dictate include the hierarchs of a contingent (party, society, religion sect, and so on) of adepts of declared ideology and also hierarchs of conductors and executors of dictate such as high rank militaries, policemen, ringleaders of secret-guard service and bureaucracy. While formally executing the will of hierarchs-adepts, in reality due to the totality of suppression over whole socium, these persons quite well realize the whole complex of prerogatives immanent to hierarchs of dictate. The demagogue of doctrine is eventually used to the aims of oppression of producers , i.e., to their rejection from the whole complex of hedonistic motivations or from a part of it and as an apology (declared) of asceticism. So in contrast to dissipated hierarchs of capitalism, hierarchs of extremist forms are always distinguished for a vulgar- materialistic, property-hedonistic life philosophy and for the maximum concentration of possible weal in their hands. It is true of Mazdak, Pirys(?) of ismaiIians,

leaders of Marxism in Russia, China, Cambodia, who have declared and imposed in minds an asceticism for the sake of a distant common weal in a form of equality, the next world bliss, or a future golden age of communism but completely rejected this doctrine in application to themselves. A demagogic illusion of oppression in the name of people and for its sake as if it were invented by capitalism really took place at more early formations, for instance, among mazdakits but it was polished to the absolute perfection by socialism, whose hierarchs ( for example in China or Cambodia) have organized a genocide for a considerable part of socium under a rough cover of demagogue about interests and common weal of people, i.e., of those, who have just were exterminated. Clear, there is nothing behind such actions but a necessity to exterminate the most passionated part of socium, who can be an antagonist to the all-around dictate in the most brutal forms. Who is subject in reality to the most severe suppression under these regimes of dictate? Mazdakits have removed scientists and everybody, who could read and write, poets, active individuals. Marxists of all shades have removed intellectuals, persons in other spheres with a high intellect including military, administrative, active, diligence peasants, dealers. As for ismailians and (?)Saydellers, they had lacked an internal intellectual opposition so individuals had been exterminated arbitrary without any special sorting. A reduction of a negative passionarity of socium by brutal physical means, while providing hierarchs with a stability of dictate form, results in reality in the extremely negative consequences to socium in a very shot period, a miserable historic interval. The extermination of passionated individuals reduces not only a negative passionarity (respective to dictate) but the positive passionarity as well with respect to socium, because the inversion of sign is a consequence of motivation dominants that are stimulated or are suppressed by dictate. In turn, it reduces a resistivity of socium to external collisions both of objective and subjective (ideological) kinds that often results in disintegration of state or ethnos. The second consequence of total oppression is a hypertrophy of the structures of direct dictate execution and their transformation into a cycling for itself, self-attendant machine that secures a participation in hierarchy of executors transforming in hierarchs. The transformation is based on a permanent reinforcement of dictate, i.e., on intensification and more frequent actions of functionaries of the layer. In other words, means and tools of dictate's will fulfillment turn out to be a self-determining reason that sometimes happens to be a process growing as an avalanche. The complete difference in directions of interests (objective, vivid) of a socium, ethnos and of the layer results in more weakening of the state form and is a forerunner of an incoming collapse. When in capitalist state formation the hierarchs are individuals commanding and possessing a large ( compared to producers) amount of universal weal equivalent, in the extremist forms hierarchs include everybody, who occupies a place in hierarchy of concrete suppressions starting from a certain concrete level. Hierarchs of an ideological adept layer are also among concrete executors, since they fulfill a direct leadership of all forms and means of oppression. An additional feature of the dictate form is its social reticence, isolation of individuals from contacts with other ethnoses, isolation from external ideas, prohibition of entry and departure. The feature is formally directed on defense of the introspective foundation from external perturbations but it results in a row of consequences negative to dictate. First, the hinders to free outflows of individuals with prevailing negative-dictate ( with respect to a given concretion) dominants prevent a reduction of the negative-motivation continuum. Second, it prevents a free influx of positive- motivation passionarity. Third, it hinders a free convection of ideas, thoughts, scientific achievements that reduces the socium intellectual potential being already too low.

Concrete forms of oppression can have a different qualitative level and a level of intensity. In archaic extremist forms such as pre-Columbus civilizations in South America, state of mazdakits, state of Saudelers in Micronesia, Japan at epoch of shoguns, in spite on the presence of a necessary introspective dictate, a brutal physical terror, physical extermination of disloyal and even loyal persons (with the aim of intimidation) made the foundation of extreme suppression. In later types of such formations, having a higher degree of economy development and policy-juridical socium aspects, some reduction in cruelty is compensated by a comprehensive, total and all-embracing introspective oppression that encompasses all aspects of spiritual life of socium including philosophy, humanitarian sciences, arts, entertainments, information, character of education, and so on. The exact and natural sciences are deliberately not included in the list, since the formation of global socium with an immanent competition between ethnoses at later stages of development has conditioned a necessity for hierarchs to pay more attention to these brunches of knowledge (57) (57- Another reason is the aim to satisfy different aspects of hedonism more and more perfectly.) and create a certain social status (58) (58Only under duress. History testifies that hierarchs of this form nourish a zoological (intuitively correct) hatred to intellect.) to their leading figures including them sometimes even in a structure of hierarchs. The objective laws of the formation, an extreme unwillingness of access of intellectuals to other ideologies, thoughts, ideas but only to a wretched official doctrine forces hierarchs to completely ignore the fact that suppression of intellect, mentality in any of its aspects always results in reduction of the level and quality of thinking in all other aspects. Thinking in the frame of tough dogmas, going out of which is chastised by all dictate structures, brings about only pitiful intellectual freaks (59) (59- A form of such type always gives birth to many martyrs of mind, individuals of such high passionarity of mind that they are not subject to dictate. Yet, their thoughts are inaccessible to socium and are exterminated together with them.) that in turn reduces the level of other sciences. The reduction is also facilitated by bringing up, teaching that drives in mind of individuals of socium the ideas in the same tough frames, a system of restriction and distortion of information, and so on. These features of the extremist forms are organic, necessary and simultaneously compulsory, since only the most brutal spiritual terror can allow to keep in subordination a socium having a corresponding to the extremist form level of complexity. Whatever are a concrete character of oppression, a concrete stage of development and an epoch of the formation existence, its essence of an allaround, total oppression results in extermination of those socium basements that condition its stability and vividness: its total intellectual level, passionarity, and what is the main, a unidirectionality of motivation dominants of individuals (60) (60 - The statement is confirmed by similar thoughts of Aristotle in "Politics", Plato in "Republic", Helvetius "About mind", and some other giants of thought.) and state (personified in hierarchs). So it results in disintegration under sufficiently powerful external collisions. The peculiarities of the hierarch layer of the formation were shown above. Some additions should be made to that. Non-acceptance, hatred to intellect, basement on primitive philosophical-ideological structures are all but occasional and subjective. That formation in principle can exist only on a basement of primitive ideology that is clear and accessible to people and is injected in consciousness as something their own (61) (61 -- A primitive intellect is a necessity in formation of executors that conditions a primitive level of doctrine accessible to them.) to a sufficiently large group of bottom level adepts (62) (62 - The sublevel of adepts and the level of hierarchs are brightly presented in the book "Nineteen Eighty-Four" by D. Orwell under the names of Internal party and External party.), who are used to create an apparatus of oppression. As the history witnesses, hierarchs, who undoubtedly cannot accept such ideology themselves while declaring it, have very

much in common with the individuals comprising the layers of conductors and executors, the same average or less than average intellect, the same character of motivations, ideals, views, perceptions. The intellect varies from a level of primitive beast to the level of an artful, insidious predator. Motivations are confined in the circle of a monstrous level of egocentrism and hedonism. In sum, it determines a character of life philosophy and an impervious insensibility in perception of somebody else's suffering through the muddy glasses of their own selfishness, self-interest, and other similar "virtues". It is completely true of the highest hierarchs of ideology adepts, who in essence are the real dictators of socium. It is partly true of other sublayers of hierarchs representing quit a mixed conglomerate because sometimes hierarchs are compelled with inclusion in them some individuals of other psychotypes such as generals having a high intellect and passionarity (if there is war), scientists and somebody else (if there are natural calamities). As the danger to socium (more exactly, to hierarchs) has passed, those who were compulsory added to hierarchs are removed. The second characteristic feature of the layer of hierarchs that differs it from other formations is a quick dynamic change (extermination) of hierarchs while keeping untouched the essence and structure of formation. Usually, the changes are made by conductor and executor structures of dictate, which are formally subordinated to dictate but practically, as mentioned above, they are self-regarding. In the concrete extremist formations that have been realized at a later stage of socium technology evolution, the layer of producers has considerable deviations from the traditional ones. As shown above, in some cases and particularly in this one, a consideration of extreme, hypertrophied realities allows to reveal more brightly the cardinal features of an object. Archaic extremist formations had applied primitive technologies and had a small dependence on intellect carriers, so they resorted to direct extermination of thinking passionaries that had allowed them to convert the layer of concrete producers into an uncomplaining mob chanting dogmas of primitive ideology, forced to live under it and so submit to the alienation of weal and renounce from immanent motivations under a fear of the most brutal physical suppression. The technology burst-like jump at epoch of postcivilization has changed the situation. The extremist hierarchs, in spite of their organic non-acceptance, are compelled to cultivate the carriers of intellect (at least those who directly connected with scientific-technical basement of technology), because beside internal opposition they have to think about external enemies, external thread of enslaving that can be based not only at military and ethnic features but also on a supremacy in technology. Hierarchs are trying to reduce the objective and organically very unacceptable necessity applying of complex measures of suppression that include: 1) extermination of those passionated thinkers, whose works directly or indirectly are touching upon the basic interests of official ideology; 2) application of education along with a tough censorship of available information to reduce the circle of ideas, theories, points of view for development and study; 3) announced and declared support of technocracy, its inclusion (at least of the most prostituted parts) in a number of hierarchs with all prerogatives and weal; 4) the measure that seems to be the most important - a creation of the complex that contains an illusion of a social hierarchy according to the degree of education and a real hierarchy according to the degree of property maintenance. It turns out that in this scheme the carriers of technological evolution, a huge mass of real hierarchs of technical evolution are put at the bottom property grade layer of producers that provided with the minimum quantities of living weal and having the lowest social status in ethic system, which is valid as among hierarchs as well as among a major part of socium. The whole amount of measures is only illusory efficient. Socium stability,

its capability to function is determined in overwhelming degree by an essence of collective ethic, public ideals that are realized by some individual as carriers of these ideals (63) (63- For example, in ancient Greece, the public ideal was "(?)calocagateya", whose carriers were philosophers, athletes. The result, as known, was the ethnos prosperity. Almost in all sociums, their declines have been connected with a denial in socium's consciousness of the objective values and with glorifying the false ones such as money, power, and so on. (for a more comprehensive consideration see works Montaigne, Plutarch, Helvetius and others.)), i.e., to great extent by ethics-state acts and also by an interconnection of declared and real, introspective-individual ethics. That connection is confirmed by the experience of history and by analyses of phenomena in works of great thinkers (Aristotle, Montaigne, Plutarch, and others). From this point of view, extremist formations are characterized by a minimum stability and functional life capability especially under hypertrophy of the features considered above in a structure of producer layer. Intellectual component of producers and efficiency of their labor are conditioned completely by the essence of teaching, breadth of available information, freedom of mentality and creation, and what is the most important, by introspective involvement, positive initiation of loyal motivations, shared personal interest in a final product. In the case under consideration, all the features turn to be the most suppressed, are losing potential and, as a result, functional efficiency. The extreme suppression of intellectual basement of socium and state, that causally determines an all-around suppression of its technocratic component, becomes for hierarchs by the very instruments, by which they are digging their own grave. A short life of extremist formations due to the reasons mentioned above is determined by the fact that the development of intellect as an integral public-individual feature of a functioning socium is a universal process. It can be interrupted or decelerated by the measures of suppression (at the degree of intensity that is characteristic of extremist formations) during one or two generations that has been confirmed by history. The layer that is one of the most interesting and possessing some new functional features is the layer of conductors and executors of oppression. At the first glance, is there anything new? There are the same army, apparatus of ideological dictate and censorship of views, penitentiary system, juridical and state apparatus, gendarmes under different names, secret services, and so on. Everything is superficially the same. Some visible difference is only in the way, in which these socium institutes are governed -- not by formal structures of state apparatus but by an apparatus of hierarchy of a layer of ideological adepts. Yet, it is an outward side and it cannot be decisive and cardinal. A peculiarity of the formation consists in the involvement in the structure of oppression of a huge amount of people that is made officially, unofficially, voluntarily, compulsory, due to psychic pathology, under fear of pain or death, and so on. It is not important how people get in, the fact is important that quit ordinary people, producers become in some way or another by direct or indirect hangmen, agent provocateurs, practical killers of other people that differs from them by mind, passionarity, ideals, motivations and by anything else. Any state system, any formation use for suppression besides professional conductors and executors of dictate some other people, whose participation in suppression corresponds to perverse, vicious sides of their psychotypes. However, the extremist form transforms into provocateurs, killers, hangmen, haters of mind the quite ordinary, common, average people and their actions in the field of oppression have surpassed everything known to human civilization. The reason for the actions can be only one and it is connected with the efficient stimulation of those motivations that can be causal prompts at that direction, and an introspective injection of regulations, ideas, motivations activating the behavior at the proper direction while being in consonant with the basic, natural motivations. Extremist dictate solves the tasks mentioned above by applying versatile

and purposeful methods including measures of organization-structural type (for suppression structures), ideological (at the level of conscious dogmas), emotional- introspective (at the level of subconsciousness), information, and so on. The organization aspect includes a creation of a many staged system of observation and control over behavior, thoughts, psychology that penetrates in all socium layers and inculcates in conscious of an individual a firm confidence in existence under a permanent surveillance, control and in inevitable punishment for a disloyalty or inactive loyalty as in thoughts so in deeds. The same system is used for a permanent finding out and extermination of disloyal passionarities. In lacking or having a small number of them, the system conducts a preventive extermination according to any indication or without them (64) (64- Surface it to recollect extermination of intellectuals, then "red guards", and so on in China, or the history of extermination of mazdakits layer after layer, and others). Another consequence of a similar total system is an imposition to all individuals of socium including executors of an idea of the complete defenselessness in front of extermination and a possibility to survive and to get a minimum weal only under organic and unconditional acceptance of all the most primitive and silly dogmas and directives generated by dictate hierarchs. Hierarchs conduct ideological arrangements in close interconnections with organization-structural measurers aimed at psychological deformation of an ordinary person into a zealous executor of dictate's will in any role. As shown above, a declared ideology is always a foundation-stone of extremist regime. Hierarchs justify all terrible realities of extremism by ideology dogmas and notions that are always ideallyfalse and demagogic but are elevated in a mystic- religion rang that stands above any reasons of consciousness. In contrast to a religion that attracts by its consoling mystics and sublimates the basic motivations using its postulates and dogmas, the ideology of extremist dictate is roughly and bloody imposed and is driven in consciousness of individuals and groups. Being true of all layers of socium, it is even more true with respect of conductors and executors of suppression. The layer is governed and directed by representatives of ideology adepts and in essence it consists of a conglomerate of quit ordinary normal people with normal psychology, ideals, and so on (65) (65- The existence of pathological individuals in a layer of executors takes place at any formation but in that case they do not determine the essence of the layer due to their small number inappropriate to the solution of dictate tasks of a big scale.). It means a lack (or a low level) of passionarity, primitive hedonism that determines behavior actions and includes striving to standard in everything (66) (66- That determinant is a basis for stereotypization of extremist, ethical, and other norms and a foundation of conformism of the whole life style.), spiritual passivity, longing to sensible satisfactions, common intellect having no organic necessity and principle desire to solve ontological and ethical life problems, and some others (67) (67- A vivid analysis of the essence of psychic and motivations of an average person has been given in works of French philosophers such as Montaigne, Helvetius, Descartes, Diderot, La Mettrie, and others.). What is the most important is the fact that the lack of passionarity and motivation determinants of a higher order than of natural- subconscious level (68) (68- That is consciously stimulated by an injection of ideology of an extremist dictate), powerful enough for contradictate activations, results in a situation when primitive dogmas of ideology that stimulates above mentioned features of psychotype turn to be sufficient (of cause, in a complex of all other measures) to transform an average person into a hangman, who exceeds in cruelty everything the world has seen. That purpose of ideology, its essence is obvious irrespective of its foundation either on a theory of common weal or ethnic supremacy, on exclusive origin of a hierarch or historical fatality. A characteristic feature of extremist ideology is the presence of a sublimating component (69) (69 -- Which sublimates, transforms natural

antidictate complexes (of contra-subordination).) that affects using dogmas of equality, equal consumption, freedom, common weal, and so on. Another feature of the ideology consists in a tendency (similar to a religion one) to confirm in consciousness of producers (and executors as well) a postulate-notion about a necessity to withstand all burdens of current life for the sake of some future common weal, about a forced non-immanent and only temporal necessity of total dictate (the most frequently in a form of spiritual and physical extermination). These dogmas allow to justify any cruelties, especially when they are combined with a dogma of their fulfillment in the name of "people" and with representing a dictate structure as people and hierarchs and executors as people's faithful servitors. In that case in consciousness of individuals of executive layer, a postulate of an all-around complicity (even a passive one) in an essence of conducting suppression is imposed. Here, a method is used consisted in injection of conscious ideas that stimulates the natural subconscious psychotype of an ordinary person and facilitates his transformation into a hangman and a provocateur. A direct influence on subconsciousness is also used in a complex with stimulation to intensify the necessary activation dominants. The influence is versatile and includes many different forms such as: inspiration of a particularity of hierarchs, which is underlined by luxurious ceremonies, sittings, soviets (always predetermined); application of ethnic and national- chauvinistic motivations; hidden propaganda and furnishing of loyal dogmas and directives under cover of shows, entertainments, arts, literature (70) (70A talented transformation of a butcher into a fighter for common weal by means of arts produces much greater effect than a direct propaganda, as it is based on subconsciousness). That influence is even more strong and inspires even more wild deeds as it is tightly intertwined with ideas, dogmas, and postulates of ideology that are imposed in consciousness as ethic norms and a system of values (71) (71- For example, it is bad to kill as it is but to kill for the sake of people's welfare is a feat. To be a traitor, provocateur is bad but for the sake of people it is possible to betray mother, farther, or anybody. There are may of such examples with the inverted moral (see chap. 4)). Individual's systems of spiritual, introspective components determine his concrete actions (in particular, it is true of conductors and executors of dictate), however they are initiated by an information coming from outside. The character of information to a not less degree determines deeds of a person (72) (72- The same event may be presented by mass media either as a good for socium or as a cause of collapse that respectively determines reactions (sanctioned) of executors.) than the spiritual side of an individual. So a control over information, its representation and splicing are not a less important feature of formation of dictate structure in particular of its the most important component -- of immediate executors. A control over the character and the amount of attainable information (73) (73 -- The level, quality, class of information is varied depending on a layer of dictate, to which it is destined.) is made in divers ways including: censorship of actual information, which is impossible to hide; distraction and ignoring, distortion of thoughts and ideas; tendentious interpretation guided by a dogmatic faith and scholastics; splicing of a negative information on antagonists with a sugary- rosy on itself; idealization and hypertrophy of positive sides of dictate; ranking any information, idea, creation product that exceeds the Procrustean bed of official dogmas as an ideological diversion; police-juridical supervision over available information from foreign sources, and many others. The essence is not in their diversity and amount, they are only means. On the whole, they represent only refinements in an attempt to solve the insolvable task that consists in keeping the minds in a dark pit of ignorance, self-delusion, and imposed false ideas, illusions, in isolation of the minds, who look for knowledge (and therefor dangerous, especially when the knowledge is not pragmatic), from any ideas, theories, views that are at variance with dogmas of official doctrine. An

immanent primitivism of the doctrine, which is its cardinal feature (as shown above), lacks a potential objectivity, a scientific competitive ability at the level of postulates, theories, arguments, and therefor it is in need of isolation from possible ideological attacks, that is the reason for the information barriers. In general, an ideological doctrine of extremism can exist while founded on a faith (but not on mind), on an imposed into heads subjective exclusiveness that is secured by a complex of above mentioned statepolitical arrangements and by isolation of information. Accompanying layers and sublayers of extremism, as in any formation, fulfill the roles of divers purposes connected with the global human culture, science, technological evolution, and so on. However, the character of extremism and ideology dogmas injected in consciousness determine so tightly all aspects of individual's spiritual life especially a creative one that this layer directly or indirectly starts serving hierarch interests. As for those, who has powerful mind, high passionarity and comes in antagonism with dogmas, they are subject to spiritual or physical extermination. While superficially not included in executive structure of dictate, accompanying layers either consciously or not, voluntary or compulsory are actually a component that secures the existence of extremist formations. As all other dictate structures, accompanying layer affects all-roundly, in a complex way the consciousness of the suppressed both at the level of conscious directions, dogmas, categories and at subconscious level. In its structure, the layer contains people fulfilling a concrete ideological dictate such as: scientists creating humanitarian theories that are basing an expediency, a necessity, a progress ability of extremist formation and in this way are developing and creating a coating made of demagogue, lie, and scholastics for covering and furnishing the real essence of governing form; writers, who in their works openly or associatively justify the necessary to dictate ideas of loyalty, asceticism, chauvinism (74) (74- All the ideas that make a basement of official ideology, which is different for concrete forms of extremism, such as ethnical chauvinism, fascism, idealism, unity of mazdakits, and so on); sublayer that creates a halo of social virtue (rewarded either really or on some quit abstract moral basement) around necessary (vivid) aspects of spiritual structure of oppression and includes artists, musicians, poets, composers, actors. Using an entertaining essence of their trade (necessary in functioning socium), they facilitate an injection into consciousness, mind, emotional structures of the notions, dogmas, and ideas that form a resigned producer by using associative, emotional, ethnical basements of his psychotype to intervene into his introspective foundation. In its essence, the presence of the layer in socium is an attempt (quit successful) of intensification of an introspective oppression of nonintellectual part of producers, an addition to direct introspective dictate. However, at the higher stages of socium development, the layer of producers, who are the most successfully affected by introspective oppression in all forms is losing its role in the whole structure of production. In spite of a hierarchs' hatred, technology evolution moves the intellect of producer at the foreground, because it determines a level of development of science (pragmatic), technics, technology. A development of intellect cannot be one-sided, i.e., be developed at one side and be restricted by dogmas, suppressed at other sides. So a refined suppression whatever forms it takes, results again in the same oppression of the group of producers that determines efficiency and power of functioning socium. The speeding-up process of technological evolution involves in its orbit an ever growing volume of an integral, joint intellect . In combination with the previous statement, it determines the fact that the all-round, the toughest, refine oppression inside the formation inevitably results in its economic inefficiency and weakness. This formation can be compared with a vessel having many hoops and being under steadily growing inside pressure. Suffice to one

hoop be broken, as the vessel collapses leaving only debris. Out-of-state forms of dictate as manifestation of its generality Dictate as a general category of functioning socium manifests itself with all of its immanent features and structures in all community forms of people united for a sole purpose. Family, religion community (in all forms), negative-passionarity unions (gangs of criminals, pirates, and so on), political parties, and so on, all of these voluntary, jointly functioning with sole teleology conglomerates of people reveal the same aspects of dictate formations (concrete-temporal realities) that were considered in previous parts of the chapter. According to the common view of philosophers, family is a basement and a cell of society (socium). That statement is even more true than it used to regard. Family is not only a basement of economic, population reproduction, pedagogical, and other formations of socium but it reproduces the structures and all determinants of dictate in its evolving transformations. There are different forms of family, its sexual foundation and moral, juridical norms including: monogamy, polygamy, polyandry, (?)pynayla, hierarchic families with internal gerantoctacy (or juvenocracy), matriclinous family (matrilineal), patriarchal family (patrilineal). However, in their basis they realize the generality of dictate category evolving in form, in human concretions but is invariable in essence. As shown in introduction, dictate as an objective reality and a general category appears and evolves in a functioning socium having united vividly important aims. Family at its early phase represents a micro-socium, a microcosm of humankind that is solving the same tasks of surviving, reproduction, straggle with surrounding, and so on. Sharing of functions in that process conditioned by a psycho-physical difference as between sexes so between young and adult (generations) in family is the foundation for a successful solution of vital tasks, is a basement for a starting appearance of conscious forms of dictate (75) (75- Here, the sides are discussed concerning only the formed customs and taboo in subordination structures, because actual hierarchs having some obligations, rights, and privileges are present in any herd of primates.). The basement for appearance of a hierarchy inside family is connected with a character of activity the most important for a vital task solution and with psycho physiology of different groups in family. For example, prevailing of a natural-vegetable component in food that encompasses gathering fruits, cereals, roots and efficient adaptability of women to the work due to corresponding features in their anatomy and psycho physiology is a basement for the appearance of domestic and social dictate of women and for suppression, infringement of motivation complex of a mail part of family. A hunting character of food acquiring and a higher suitability of men to that activity was a foundation of men's dictate. An intensification of intertribal, interlayer, inter-ethnic conflicts and a leading role in them of men, which secures life and existence of family (tribe, ethnos), entail further humiliation, suppression of women. In the early forms of family, dictate represents all of the realities of primitive-physical oppression. Accounting for a sexual basement of family, hierarchs' motivations include aspects of sexual hedonism with a maximal increase of quantity and quality of another sex persons subordinated to their wishes and will. The tendency of sexual hedonism and seizure in privet use of a large number of she- or he-partners has been revealing both at the early stages of family (matriclinous) and at the later stages (polygamy, polyandry). In more hidden ways, the same sexual enslavement of an opposite sex, a sexual dictate with all realities of oppression of a physical and introspective kind and with contradictate motivations of the suppressed exist in those forms of family that superficially exclude a plurality of sexual objects, i.e., in

monogamies of different kinds. Suppression of the opposite sex presents the most terrible realities including monster's cruelties of matriclinous, horror of barrack-like polygamy (harems), mortal punishment for illegal sexual contacts, and so on. In evolution of family dictate from the early forms of matriclinous to the current European pseudo-monogamy family, the same regularity is observed in transformation of sexual methods and means of suppression that is changing from a direct physical to a refine introspective with involvement in it as conscious dogmas and directives so an influence on subconsciousness (76) (76- It is quit obvious that internally, spiritually family dictate is connected with the social one representing an informal component of the last. Functions of a family hierarch providing him with a possibility to satisfy a part of his hedonistic motives forced him, on a basement of the same injected components, to come in, to be involved in a structure of social functioning and so in the dictate structure.). Just like a social, a sexual dictate is evolving from a roughly-physical through the forms that involve systems of norms and taboo (acts of suppression formalization) to structures of oppression with juridical and religion-mystic (introspective) components. The form of sexual dictate is also evolving and an efficiency and a period of existence of each form is determined by the efficiency of methods and means of suppression. Dictate structures and its carriers' motivations are very much the same as the corresponding evolving components of social forms. When in evolution of state forms the object of alienation (appropriation by hierarchs) is a material weal, then in sexual dictate the same object of alienation is the right of spontaneous sexual contacts, right to free sexual life as the main aspects of vital hedonism, a subordination of sexual rights and interests of one group to another in the family. At the early stages, the suppression is fulfilled by a hierarch (just like in social evolution), then special layers of conductors and executors of sexual dictate have emerged. They include state officials supervising the moral (Greece, Rome), oriental eunuchs, persons that fulfill family supervision such as duennas, companions, mothers-in-law, and so on and also ethic-juridical structures that secure official basement of sexual dictate (77) (77 -- For example, the Napoleon code in the part that is relevant to family, and any other complex of laws on family starting from Sumer Akkad.). In the case under consideration, the suppressed persons are forced to a formal alienation of their sexual rights in favor of hierarchs, i.e., to subordination of their motivations that govern character, intensity, degree of selectivity of sexual life to hierarchs' interests. Judging by the hierarchs' behavior irrespective of their sex, by their striving openly or secretly, formally or really to enlarge the number and to improve the quality (physical) of their partners in sex, it seems that the general dominant to all individuals of both sexes is a yearning for the widest circle of sexual possibilities. A realization (or suppression) of the complex is a motor force of sexual dictate evolution and determines the place of an individual in the sexual-dictate hierarchy. Just like with motive aspects of hedonistic kind that initiate evolution of state formations (as a realization of dictate forms), natural motivations governing an existence and evolution of family-sexual dictate forms have also a hedonistic nature, even the more so, because the object of suppression represents an aspect of hedonism of a primitive level. While state, ethnical, and other social formations represent the examples of unstable, dynamic forms and evolution of dictate in a full form cannot be followed in the fate of one ethnos, family as a sexual-social minimum-populated conglomerate has been existing through the whole history of mankind. Using family as an example, it is possible to follow not only the evolution of forms (that is of interest, but does not reveal the essence) but also the dictate structures that determines the essence of many social processes and phenomena. The motivations of hierarchs of family-sexual forms in socium are realized

with application of various methods described above and include: rough suppression, state-juridical norms, customs, taboo, public and individual moral (78) (78 -- An individual moral is nothing more but a complex of taboo, regulations, and so on alien to the real system of motivations injected in individual's consciousness), complexes of deep-associative ideas and motivations (79) (79- including an idea of beauty (of the opposite sex), an attraction of sex's sides that is not directly connected with physical, a spiritual halo around regulations of sexual contacts, and many others.). A sequence, an evolution of dictate forms of domestic oppression in historical development corresponds to the above mentioned row and exhibits a regularity that is the basic, fundamental. The dictate evolution in its essence is going (here) at the direction of a permanent increase of introspection level -- as in the amount of influence on the gist of prompting motivations so in versatility, variation of aspects and means of influence . The dictate is trying to affect the profound, defended by natural psychology powerful motivation complexes using all possible canals such as physiological (fear of pain, death, vital necessities, hedonism), conscious-stable, emotional, flock-psychological, and even subconscious, hidden-associative ones. Analysis of family dictate presents a bright example of evolution integrity and peculiarity of the process. The results will be used as the examples in the following chapters. Militant religion as out-of-state form of dictate The word "militant" in the heading appears not occasionally. There are religions exhibiting no dictate features. They restrict a sphere of their activity by development of mystic theories without a tendency to develop the material sides with temples, sacrifices, and so on, without a corresponding layer of professional-adepts adjoined to it, without a tendency of a militant expansion (80) (80 -- As a rule, these religions either have a short life or are transformed confirming in that way the principle of a necessary presence of aggression and expansion for progressively-functioning vital social organisms) (such as archaic mystics and out-of-temple Buddhism in India and early Christianity). They lack dictate features because they are not united by a sole external function and so there is no need for a subordination structure. However, spiritual demands are a very insecure foundation for monolithic socium, because they are varying from generation to generation and not establishing a stable hierarchy of functions and rights conformable to tasks. Religion trends that dominate for a sufficiently long period at some region have all the necessary features, structures, functions, and motivations of dictate formations. The external aim of religion in that case is not a propagation of ideas and a development of mystic basements but an expansion, a forced imposition of ideology and eventually a spiritual enslavement of individuals, a confinement of their mentality in a frame of state religion. In the case of expansion, mystic, ontological, ethical and other sides of religion become an ideological basement for socium cementation and its teleology is reduced to an enlargement of mass of suppressed and, correspondingly, to an increase of satisfaction level of hierarchs' hedonistic motivations. In the case under consideration, an introspective component of high intensity has been immanently present in a structure of concrete oppression beginning from the most early stages of dictate appearance. It is accounted for by a specificity of the object of purposeful influence -- the direct spiritual, introspective foundations of a person, who is subject to stereotypization of his mentality, moral, deeds in the frames of religious conformity. Here, a structure of dictate and a structure of corresponding religious organization are identical, i.e., they coincide both in forms and in functions irrespective of what is declared by an official dogma of militant religion, whether it is monotheism, animalism, Zoroastrism, cult of ancestors, and so on, irrespective of a degree of interconnection with the

state apparatus of oppression. So the essence of religion as a form of dictate is the same as in the state formations. Everything is the same: motivations, methods of hierarchs, initiation of conductors and executors of dictate, alienation of natural motivations of the suppressed. A difference not important for the general dictate's essence consists in the following. A state formation appears on a basement of opposition to external perturbations of bio and geospheres and so is evolving (inside a formation or form) at the direction of introspectivization of oppression. A religion form of dictate that consolidates individuals on a basement of a sole introspective ethicontological idea evolves at the direction of intensification both of a depth of introspectivization (81) (81- By deepening theosophical, mystical principles of religion including in it as far as possible empirical and logical components, widening means of affection on psychic (sublimity of temples, services, and so on)), as well as intensification of external side of oppression. Thus, it exhibits a bright example of evolution integrity from the beginning forms (omitting primitive-physical for the reasons mentioned above) to the totalintrospective ones and further. The reason for a long life of militant religions in comparison with state formations is an organic interconnection and interbalance of various structures and aspects of suppression and, what is the most important, an organic combination of introspective and extremist forms of physical oppression for passionaries of spirit. The feature securing a firm basement of religion dictate and making it less dependent than others on external collisions and changes of generations is its foundation on an introspectivizm with the emanation of those basic features of motivations that are the most powerful in a common chore of psychical determinants including fear of death, fear of surrounding, dogma of consolation and fatality (82) (82 -- The feeling of inevitability gives a possibility to avoid a spiritual discomfort resulted from the necessity of action (inconvenience) and from striving to a hedonistic static place (worm paddle) during suppression.), idea of recompense, total harmony, ideas of a reachable perfection, and many many others. Another basement and a reason of religion durability is its foundation on a direct ideological opposition, leveling, sublimation, and other methods of suppression of contradictate activity using similar ideas (applying logic as an additional mean). A physical oppression is used in those sociums in comparatively small scale (83) (83- In spate a traditional overestimation of inquisition's terrors, it should be mentioned that even in the worth period it has extinguished fewer people than the most liberal state.) with respect of minor groups of negatively-passionated individuals. Still, at the periods of ethnical expansions when the religion and state forms are united into a single integrity (Islam at an early stage, expansion of the West-European Christianity, Zoroastrism in Iran, and so on), a physical oppression and extermination made to include other ethnoses in structure of the expanding ethnos by using an injection of religion dogmas and forms, reaches greater dimensions. Yet, in essence, it is not a manifestation of dictate oppression but only an aspect of collisions between various ethnical groups of hierarchs. The principle introspection of religion dictate is confirmed by the historical facts that brightly illustrate the following basic statement of this work: stability, efficiency, universality of a militant religion as a system of dictate is determined by prevailing, principal cardinality of an introspective component (at certain periods of development of various religions). The reverse is also true. Those epochs of concrete religion development that are characterized by an intensification of external attributes of physical oppression correspond both to weakness, reduction of influence on individuals and, what is the most important, to a reduction of number of the sincere, disinterested adepts, i.e., a reduction of the integral intellectual and passionate power. There are many examples in Christianity of various epochs including epochs of mind obsession and epochs of inquisition and mind suppression, Islam, Zoroastrism, quit different religion

sects, and so on. It is not an occasional phenomenon but a manifestation of the general strategic regularity of dictate evolution as categorical as well as concrete. Other out-of-state forms of dictate Dictate as a general category of functioning socium is relevant to all sociums with a vital teleology and so it is realized not only in formations mentioned above but in any groups or societies united with a sole aim. In an overwhelming majority of cases, these groups are realizing all principles and structures of dictate but they are unstable, unsteady, and short lived, so the laws of evolution have no time to manifest themselves in concrete individual's motivations and activations, an organic complex of which determines the historical process. The bright examples of these dictate groups are the criminal communities of various types including common bands and gangs and up to pirate consortiums and criminal unions of the type of Chinese triad and Sicilian Mafia, different secret political societies and parties, ethiccognitive societies of a type of priest's unions, church orders, mason community, and so on. They all have the structures, ideologies, layers that are quit similar to the same features of state and reveal nothing new besides variations of concrete ideas, people, structures that present no interest from the point of view of the dictate evolution investigation. An analysis of the groups only confirms the conclusions made in analysis of state formations and presents an evidence of their universality with respect to any sociums with the immanent dictate. Since these actual results are a basement for the following constructions, the additional arguments only increase the postulate foundation of the work. When these groups are considered together irrespective of chronology and concrete realizations, it is easy to see, by analyzing the sides that are connected with dictate realities, that some of them are conditioned exclusively by a physical suppression securing a single-mindedness of functions, others by a different level of complexes of introspective and physical oppressions, the third by prevailing of an introspective component of oppression and a character and a level oppression are not cardinally changed due to their short life. Criminal bands represent the all dictate structures and a primitive-physical dictate. Triads, Mafia, secret political parties have a complex of all components of dictate. Church orders, masons, and so on exhibit prevailing of an introspective component. That gradation of the gist of oppression corresponds directly to the efficiency of dictate and causally to the existence period of socium (group). Clearly, an intensification of introspection in a structure of oppression directly results in strengthening of dictate, increase of its efficiency and vitality and so in strengthening of vitality and activity of a whole socium as in structures so in functioning. Chapter 2 Determinants of dictate evolution An analysis of formations as concrete forms of dictate presented in the previous chapter brings us to conclusions about an immanence of dictate in a socium having an arbitrary single-mindedness and structure. The conclusion looks irrefutable, however, there are theories of socium that deny the postulates, so, before an analysis of dictate structure evolution, we will consider these theories of unstructured dispersive-egalitarian socium. Strictly speaking, the variety of these theories is not large and includes a primitive egalitarianism in different concrete forms, a democracy both in classical form (Pericles) and in form of communism (1) (1- Here, the semantics of the term

follows the definition given by classics in its ideal interpretation in XIX c. but by no means the realities of socialism in any country, because socialism in the treatment of Lenin and his followers is a dictatorship, so it has a structure.), an anarchism and an abstract theoretical search of social Utopians of all varieties and levels of thinking. All of these unsuccessful theoretical and practical realities have the same essence that consists of a non-acceptance of dictate and a foundation of their external lines on different antitheses of dictate and in using in some or other semantics the terms "egalitarianism", "equality", while a quit different sense is applied to the term and to the corresponding phenomenon in socium. Antagonists of dictate in their theories and in always unsuccessful practical attempts have been treating all possible variants of equality in the field of property, policy, social-economy, rights, sexual, mythical, and any others. The subjective non-acceptance of nightmares of dictate especially of its radical forms instigates the minds of not very high level to attempts to create positive antitheses, examples of which are presented below. Primitive egalitarianism in sociums, sects, movements Contradictate complexes, non-acceptance of dictate by intellectual passionarities of all times are the reason that creates theoretical structures and practical attempts to instill in socium various forms of equality that reject some or other aspects of dictate, of suppression. At early stages of socium development, which are characterized by a lack or a weak development (by dictate organs) of an ideological basement of dictate and so by an absence of correct theoretical contradictate schemes, trends have appeared that in general can be called as a primitive egalitarianism. Egalitarianism is a phenomenon that belongs to all nations, times, places and enumeration of its realities adds little to the analysis of its essence. Bright examples are presented by egalitarian sects and movements of an anti-papist kind in catholic brunch of Christianity, orthodox sects (such as bogomils) and with some limitations social formations like a state of (?)sarbedars in Iran and a lodge (sect) Arioy(?) in Polynesia. A consideration of ideology's peculiarities and realities of one or another egalitarian sect is of interest for a concrete-chronological history but is useless for this work. The essence of all these primitive ideological social formations is the same and consists in declaration and sometimes in fulfillment of an equality of socium members in spheres of policy, rights, property, and what is the most important in spheres of duties and opportunities. The duties include the necessary to socium but objectionable to individual aspects such as labor, burdens of bringing up children, defense, and so on. The opportunities include possibilities of hedonistic type that are a manifestation of the basic motivation complexes of a person's psychic and are desirable and are prompting a person even to a fulfillment of duties. The equality in these spheres implies a lack of necessity to suppress individuals that is adequate to a lack of necessity to suppress their motivation complexes. In its turn, it determines a lack of necessity in oppression realities, i.e., dictate structures and eventually a dictate structure on the whole as an element of socium structure. An organization, a structure is always connected with hierarchy -- in the particular case of duties and opportunities, of rights and responsibilities, of production and consumption. Equality is a synonym of a lack of structure, socium amorphism. That simple thesis is a basement of all subsequent forms of egalitarianism with all thinkable refinements in basing, postulates, and concrete essence of formations that realize the principle of egalitarianism. As mentioned above, the primitive egalitarianism implies an equality of all vital manifestations irrespective of any concrete limitations of an objective or subjective character. The equality in labor, military duty, food, property, sexual life,

shelter, and so on, in everything irrespective of mental, physical, motivational, physiological, and so on differences of individuals. All of this is irrespective of a role, a character of services, an importance of individual activity for fulfillment of vital necessities of socium. An idler, athlete, genius, brave man, coward, hard-working, creator, perverter, -all are equal in everything irrespective of whatever it can be. A lack of the equality in any component is a basement for the following inequality in all others. Even if the inequality takes place only in one of the components, for example, in sexual, it will be a basement for the appearance of motivations of suppression, some structures of suppression and dictate structures on the whole. Socium's interests, its capability for surviving, expansion, technological evolution are determined by its ability to stimulate the most gifted physically, mentally, and so on, members of socium to the uttermost, to the best from the socium's point of view, applications of their talents. Since any socium (ethnos, nation, and so on) is functioning being surrounded by hostile ethnoses and in circumstances of a permanent struggle with nature, such stimulation is the only basement for an expansive prosperity of socium. Moreover, socium is interested in spreading of genes of the most valuable individuals in the sphere of sex. This global law of life, that is manifested in nature using natural selection, in the world of human socium is fulfilled by a social-sexual stimulation: by an encouragement of the strongest, the most brave, and so on persons by a love of the best women and not only qualitatively but also quantitatively. The best hunter of a tribe always has many women. A more strong person is in need of a more share of food, a more brave deserves a more share of spoils, and so on. In other words, inequality is laying in the biological foundation of man and a deviation of human civilization from some immanent features of biosphere even if it changes this inequality than only to the side of prevailing of not the most valuable individuals. An inequality of individual's possibilities conditions the necessary inequality of individual consumption, i.e., a declared monotony of an egalitarian socium in reality has principle gradations. An inequality of consumption is the basement for further deepening of inequalities in hedonistic components of life and for an appearance of all dictate structures described in chapter 1. Primitive-egalitarian sociums exist only then and only for such period until they come across with structurally-dictate sociums reviling in this way their inefficiency and unnatural basement. The examples are presented by religion sects of an egalitarian type and by ethnic collisions. History testifies that in ethnic collisions, a winning ethnos has a structure (a real one but not a declared-formal) that has been more clearly realized and is functionally expedient. The thesis can be even more argued when we compare destructive egalitarian sociums with structural sociums of dictate. Classical democracy The term "democracy" is made so trite by ideology theorists of dictate of all periods and concretions that it is necessary to make some elucidations. In the context of this work, term "democracy" is used in its primary semantic meaning "people-power", i.e., a direct and immediate solution of all socium tasks by all individuals composing it. Here, principals of democracy elaborated by Pericles are realized including equality in voting, equality in front of law, decisive right of majority, care for all members of socium, election of (immediate) functionaries of power, direct accountability of functionaries to people's meeting. Here, the level of (?)contradictateship, lack of structure, egalitarianism is much lower. In essence, it is an intermediate stage between a real equality and a commonplace dictate. The cardinal feature of dictate, that consists in a suppression of hedonistic motivations on the bases of alienation by hierarchs in their favor of a produced

wealth, in classical democracy is only disguised by an assignment a charitable help from a state to the most wealth-deprived layers of socium and by a substitution of the property-motivation equality for some imitation that is called political equality and here certainly a thesis is declared about the adequacy, the identity of the two absolutely unequal status. That comfortable screen for disguising the real essence is widely used also by other pseudoegalitarian unstructured sociums that are in reality only a form of dictate . A variation of egalitarianism had turned into reality as the Athens democracy of Pericles due to the fact that either consciously or not Pericles and his companions were governed by an idea of structure necessity in an expedient socium functioning in a surrounding of competing sociums and hostile biogeosphere. Being an eclectic mixture of ideologies and essences both of dictate and egalitarian systems, democracy inherits all their negative features. An analysis of democracy, or more exactly, of its negative features, of a lack of vitality was a subject of consideration of such giants of thought as Aristotle ("Politics"), Montaigne ("Essays"), Helvetius ("About mind") and others and very little can be added to it. Their unanimous rejection of democracy as a social system brings us to several conclusions partly based on arguments of these philosophers. Democracy as a system of a formal predominance of majority is in essence a system of suppression of the most thinking part of socium, its intellectual basement. From an intellect's point of view, the main mass of suppressed is much closer to hierarchs, conductors, executors than to intellectuals. It seems to be the reason that conductors and executors of dictate (and often hierarchs themselves) are usually recruited from producers and very rear from intellectual-passionary layer of creators. That feature of antiintellectuality of democracy (2) (2- The confirmation can be found even in the first Athens democracy that expelled or killed such thinkers as Anaxagoras, Phidias, Socrates) together with principles of majority are the reasons that demos become a mean of demagogy and eventually the end of democracies of that kind becomes a predecessor and the basement of the most terrible autocracies with the organic hatred of plebes to thought and to its carriers. The bright examples are presented by Athens after Pericles, power of Savonarola, French Republic in XVIII c. The sequence of examples can be prolonged but even these are quit obvious. The declared anti-dictate idea at least with respect to the previous formations is a characteristic feature of the theoretical communism that has adopted basic principles (declared) from the classical democracy but has perverted the basement of egalitarianism even more in its motivation-property foundation. Besides a declaration of egalitarianism, this social phenomenon has nothing in its structure of a real contradictate structurelessness and egalitarianism. The embodiments of the phenomenon (if we wander from their ideological camouflage into cloths of egalitarianism) are an end product of a short lived democracy that sometimes takes place at a moment of social collisions accompanying an exchange of formations. Short lived realizations of declared principles of egalitarianism are always changed for the most radical forms of autocracy having all immanent features of this extreme form of dictate. There are plenty of conformations in history including Savonarola, Robespierre, Mao Tse-Tung, Pol Pot, and so on. The next most logical form of an unstructured egalitarianism is anarchism. As a social theory, it is not new by essence but it has been formed as an evident system only by theorists of XIX c. such as (?)Elize Rekly, Bakunin, and others. A contradictate egalitarianism and destructuring of socium as means of a person rescue from dictate, from suppression of his motivating, mental freedom and freedom of actions are well described and from the point of view of dictate antagonism they are irrefutably argued (3) (3 -- Of course it is true, when we take into account only negative sides of dictate and put aside the objective necessity for socium to have structures, hierarchy and dictate as the

immanent features of a functioning socium.). The basic thesis that "any power is evil" is impeccable from the point of view that any system of dictate suppresses a major part of socium. A complication of socium technological base is a foundation of dictate and so, from the point of view of a contradictate passionary, technics should be destroyed. That thesis is also impeccable (unless we take into account the necessity of a hierarchy consolidation of people and a technology modernization for efficient counteraction of human socium to perturbations such as biosphere fluctuations and geo and cosmos calamities). Individuals involved in a technological cycle, due to minimum or lack of passionarity naturally striving to a stable conservative life and stimulated hedonism, can not come forward as destroyers of dictate structures. So negative passionaries should come forward in this role as they have high tension of passionarity and contradictate complexes of motivations at least to the existing forms. In other words, it should be active declassed elements of socium. However, these elements according to their structure and essence are apt to herd in forms of gangs, bands, and other sociums that realizes one or another form of dictate. So far, in spite of an attractive logic in the declared and real essence, anarchism due to a causal connection of contradictate structurelessness and anti-technology is a lifeless, dead in berth theoretical idea (4) (4- All of these, of course, does not cover the whole content of anarchism but in the context of the work namely these features are of interest) at least with respect to the civilizations of a European, technocracytechnological type. The consideration of theories of egalitarian socium having no structure will be incomplete, unless we recollect Utopian theories of contradictate thinkers of various epochs. They include theoretical ideas of (?)mazdakits, (?)khyrramit, (?)sarbedars (5) (5 -- They are of interest only in a theoretical plan, since their realizations just as many other contradictate theories had resulted in dreadful forms of dictate.), theories of Campanella, Sen-Simon, Fourier, More, and many others. An exposition of the theories and their peculiarities is not interesting, since they all are the variations of a single basic idea of a contradictate egalitarianism refined to one or another degree. The powerful mind and a poetic accounting of the points of view on the problem allowed Nietzsche to irrefutably prove a lack of vitality of egalitarianism ("So Zarathustra told", the chapter " About tarantulas") - "So I am saying using a symbol. You, the preachers of equality, who course trembling of the sole! To my mind, you are tarantulas and the hidden revenges... You, the preachers of equality! A weak madness of a tyrant is crying in you about "equality". Yours cherish desires are hidden in words on virtues in this way... These are people of bad kind; butchers and blood-hounds are seen in their faces... I do not want anyone identifies and mixes me with these preachers of equality. To my mind, it is lustful to say: "persons are not equal". And they should be unequal! Let them use thousand of bridges and trails striving to the future! Let it be growing hostility and inequality among them -- my great love forces me to say that! Good and evil, wealth and poverty, high and low, all the names of values should be weapons and the crying feature that the life should permanently overcome itself! Struggle and inequality are present even in beauty just as well as in war and in power; that is what he teaches us in the clear symbol!" This citation has left little to be treated and shatters many theses of a state dictate without formations and the egalitarianism theories described above. All possible versions of fulfilling equality to socium members in hedonistic potentials and activity, equality of motivation-realization, mental, they all encounter an insurmountable obstacle of objective laws of biological, social, technical, ethical character. These laws that are realized both out of man in the objective world of biosphere and geosphere and in

the subjective introspective world of motivations, mentality, consciousness determine an immanent necessity of hierarchical structures in socium, an evolving system of subordination. Structures of dictate and ethnos in evolution Socium is versatile. In its functioning, all possible ethnic, dictate, technological, and so on aspects are influencing each other. Dictate as a cardinal structure of functioning socium experiences in its evolution an influence of some factors and determines other, which in turn influence the essence of evolution. As shown above, evolution of dictate structure is a necessary feature of socium to withstand external forces, natural calamities. It is logical to assume that at a given stage of development namely a character of external forces determines the main features, structures, forms of dictate. For example, if a socium is living under optimal bio and geological conditions and is experiencing a pressure from external sociums hankering after this natural welfare, it should inevitably acquire a hierarchy similar to an effective militant organization that exceeds in quality its neighbors. In the opposite case, the socium will be destroyed by socium-antagonists. The same factor will dictate a character of technology development that in turn will influence dictate evolution. The mutual overlaying of factors is very complicated, so they will be considered separately. Another example is the case when severe existence conditions result in a hard struggle for surviving and in absence of aggressive neighboring ethnoses. Such external media does not demand a tough dictate hierarchy and a connected to it immanent necessity of unidirectionality of activating motivations for members of socium in their common struggle with nature. In turn, it determines also a character of technology and its influence on the dictate structure. As the first example, we can regard ethnoses of Mesopotamia, East, France at all epochs, as the second we can recollect Chukchi, eskimos, mountaineers of Himalayas. External factors certainly determine subjective sides of a whole socium indirectly through evolving dictate and motivations connected to it. However, as they are connected with a basic essence of cardinal vital motivations that will be considered in the next chapter so an analysis of the factors will be given in the following chapters. Here, we will consider external factors with adjoined structure-social aspects determining dictate evolution and in turn determined by dictate such as ethical, technological, state, and so on. What is an ethnos and what distinguishes it from other ethnoses, what factors of external, natural, internal kinds are the reason of its appearance, existence and subjective self- assignment of socium members to this particular ethnos? An influence of external perturbations, their character from on side determine the presence of evolving dictate structure that gives a structural organization to amorphous socium and from the other side result in appearance or in stimulation of features of a whole-social and individual kind that are both strengthening dictate and opposing it. These features determine an attitude of socium to surrounding sociums both on the whole and individually, i.e., ethnically. The ethnos's stile of life, relationships in families, system of taboos, faiths, character of production, militarization, state structures, and so on , its attitude to certain ethnos, all these features have direct connections with dictate concretions. Language, cloth, customs, folklore and other similar features determining ethnic attaching and having no direct correspondence with dictate structures are the basement that is used for a subjective assignment of an individual to the given ethnos. Socium goes into external conflicts both as a state (i.e., dictate concretion) and as an ethnos. However, a collapse or an assimilation of one of these aspects does not obligatory result in vanishing or assimilation of another. It looks

doubtless that an expansion of ethnos is firmly connected with the efficiency of suppression in the frame of a given concrete-time form of dictate, which is a basement of motivation, intellectual, passionary power of socium and ethnos. While dictate represents a category and a structure that is foisted upon producers, i.e., upon the main mass of socium, ethnos, ethnic belonging is a category of self-assignment that determines an assignment of an individual to a given socium. A subjective voluntariness of ethical belonging, motivations connected with ethical self-determination of an individual are the factors that dictate uses for a formation of stereotypes of co-participation and cosubordination. Evolution of an ethnos in all its phases influences evolution of dictate and an intervening of social motivations connected with ethical components of socium and motivations of a hierarch layer of dictate may be very complex. The influence of ethnos genesis on dictate depends: on a phase of ethnos evolution including origin, passionary expansion, inertia, stagnation, obscuration; on ethnic components composing hierarchy layers; on ethnic compatibility and assimilation ability of the layers that oppose dictate and separately of the layers of producers and contradictate passionaries; on concrete features of ethnos genesis; on a degree of ethnos isolation; on a character of assimilation-ethical connections; even on a character and a structure of symbol system of relations (language) and on a large number of other characteristics of ethnos. In essence, all ethnos features as aspects of functioning socium in one or another way are connected with dictate evolution. The genesis phases of ethnos characterize its resistance, functional-structural stability with respect to influence of different, hostile ethnoses, i.e., a socium efficiency respective to a kind of external perturbations, an opposition to which represents the very teleology of socium and dictate. An ascent or decline of ethical activity of socium is related with a level of positive passionarity, with a total heat of biosocial activity of the whole socium that in turn characterizes a level of single-mindedness of motivational determinants of socium layers mainly hierarchs, producers and accompanying layer (6) (6- Because this layer is forming a model basement of socium and of dictate ideology.). A level of passionarity from one side determines and characterizes a stage of ethnic genesis, and from the other side a stage of dictate evolution. A prevailing of ethical motivations over individual-hedonistic, egocentric ones is a component of an introspective dictate, and a development of the component characterizes a dictate efficiency. It should be stressed here that it is namely efficiency, but not intensity, a totality of oppression. An intensity of external oppression both physical and introspective witnesses a weakness of a given form of dictate, its inability to conform, to stereotype motivational dominants of a vital kind. In other words, phases of ethnos corresponding to a prosperity of ethnic motivations (7) (7- Sometimes, it can be at a phase of expansion but not always, because an expansion is often connected not with ethnos (or dictate) power but with weakness of opponent), condition a presence in it of an efficient form of dictate. A full ethnos prosperity, that implies expansion, quantitative, and regional spreading or prevailing technology development, growth of wealth volume acquired by various ways, always results from a variation of both a total passionarity of socium (ethnos) and a character of conscious aims and subconscious dominants. A bias of individual aims to egoism and egocentrism at the expense of social interests, striving to primitive hedonism that starts in the highest layers of socium (8) (8 -- As they have more opportunities to satisfy hedonism. An accumulation of wealth in ethnos results in a situation when lower layers also acquire the same opportunities.), a sharp stratification of socium intellect (9) (9 -- A division on a small group of elite thinkers and a not perceiving their thought mob of producers and hierarchs, who subjectively are self-alienated from thought.) as a consequence of "hedone" cult

(named after ancient Greeks goddess), reduction due to mentioned reasons of efficiency of dictate ideology that cemented ethnos, introduction of alien elements (10) (10- It is not only individuals from an alien ethnos but also some elements of culture, world outlooks, systems of taboos, and so on destroying an integrity of ideology and life style of expanding ethnos) in ethnos structure, all of these results in intensification of external form of oppression and characterize a zenith of ethnos in its expansive phase. The second factor of ethical expansion is widening of inhabited area that is inevitably connected with ethical conflicts including aggressive wars, ethic genocide and assimilation of alien ethnoses. For a regional expansion, it is necessary to have powerful professional military units, whose members are excluded from producers and become either conductors or (in the case of the highest officers) hierarchs of socium. A reduction of producers by removing as a rule of the most valuable men at a given level of technology development (11) (11- There is a common opinion that war stimulates applied technology development. However, it touches mainly military aspects of technology, besides that war physically destroys a great amount of means of production and producers (own and alien)) implies a further reduction of a non-alienated wealth share left to producers (12) (12 -- A wealth acquired in the course of expansion war is appropriated by hierarchs and servers as a mean for growing hedonistic aspects of motivations. Executors, warriors, and so on, have very little share of that wealth ( shearing of prey in ancient Rome, among pirates, Turkish mamelukes). It in turn determines an intensification of external forms of oppression such as physical and negative-motivational that in turn reduces the influence of the most powerful mean of oppression -positive-motivational stimulations, an involvement in structure of a conformity of motivations and purposes loyal to dictate. These factors and factors connected with technological evolution and spiritual aspects (13) (13 -- The influence of these factors on a variation of dictate structures is versatile and complex so they will be considered in the following parts of the chapter) are the reason of both a dictate form variation at that stage of ethnogenesis and its structure and, of cause, functions of its composing layers and components. A necessity of an authoritarian form of dictate during expansion (analogous to a military form that is the main at that time) results in changes in structure and in ideology of socium. The classical democracy in Athens was transformed during wars practically in the autocracy of Pericles with all its virtues. The same is true of Rome at the epoch of imperial conquests, of bourgeois revolution in 1793 year that due to wars resulted in a bringing into power of Napoleon, and so on. The necessity of power centralization as a form of dictate even accounting for all shortcomings of the formation (autocracy, oligarchy, and so on) is resulted from the fact that as history witnesses only one-man-power is a basement for efficient, successful wars. Before considering general determinants in their evolution and dictate structures, we will analyze a causal connection of another important phase of ethnos evolution, a phase of obscuration (in words of L. Gumilev) with dictate evolution. An obscuration phase is not the final, because ethnogenesis is not always ended with ethnos collapse. From the point of view of dictate evolution consideration , it is one of the most informative and important phases as it is connected with deformation of psycho genotype of all layers of dictate and first of all of producers. A passionary activity at the highest form of the phase of ethnical expansion with accompanying to it peculiarities of dictate concretions, at the phase of obscuration is exchanged for different features. A reduction of a total passionarity of ethnos, i.e., shortening of the active and activating the other part of ethnos component results in an increase of a passive, loyal and even more than loyal component. On the other hand, a considerable social sublayer appears on the gray background of a monotonous loyalty (better to say, a malignant tumor) of those, who are average in

moral but lack of any social or individual virtues of creative or productive kind while being apt to an energetic consumption. At epoch of passionary bursts, these individuals do not survive due to the lack of ability to competition. However at epoch of ethnos obesity, at post-expansive period, they do not only survive but become the suitable conductors and executors and replenish accompanying layers of dictate due to peculiarities of their psychotype that is gray, passive, and primitive hedonistic , i.e., they form the main structures of dictate. An absence of real external enemies who either were suppressed or assimilated in the course of expansion and an increase of internal wealth result in a situation, when dictate is not facing the tasks that demand individuals gifted intellectually, spiritually, physically and so the dominating positions in socium are occupied by midiocres. They lack of passionarity (completely) and of any social virtues but have a hypertrophied primitive hedonism, so on getting a dominated position in dictate (ethnos), they introduce in spiritual life of socium the main dominant that is so willing to dictate and consists in stereotype and conformity. Being gray, they elevate that quality to the necessary component of socium life. A domination in dictate structures of suppression allows them to exterminate individuals, who do not fit the elevated by them frames of miserable conformism. The moving motivations of their deeds that often exceed all imaginable degrees of terror are a profound hedonism along with instinctive non-acceptance of the individuals, who by their qualities exceed a gray level of mob, and an intuitive understanding of a death danger to their existence from creators, intellectuals and passionaries. Lacking competition abilities, this human mildew is forming the detachments of the most malicious butchers of mind and creativity. Under other conditions, when ethnos (and correspondingly, dictate) is in need of a moving power to withstand external perturbations, this human mildew is doomed to perish as individuals and due to a minimal possibility to reproduction. Yet at this phase, they are not only survive but get a possibility of sexual expansion, of widening their sexual potentials. Using this side of hedonistic basement of motivations, they get a possibility to impose in motivation structure the conformist basic features. The total stereotypization resulted from the injection of gray component inevitably touches the creative and intellectual layers of socium that conditions from on side a decrease of mobility, adaptation ability of ethnos due to reduction of intellectual potential of socium, from the other side it results in unification and impoverishment of ideology that cements an amorphous conglomerate of people in organic, efficiently functioning unity. A miserable ideology of the phase inevitably comes in contradiction with natural realities, so it inevitably needs a powerful apparatus of driving it into consciousness, in structure of motivations and conscious aims. An impoverishment of ideology has another side especially at a time of obscuration that consists in reduction of a powerful argued ideology of the epoch of prosperity (and even of expansion) to a scholastic one on bases of primitive dogmas. It conditions a necessity to raise it in a rang of being not an ideology but a mystic revelation personified in a hierarch (priest, emperor, leader, and so on). The raising ideology to the level of religion results in a necessity of structural changing of many components of dictate including its conductors, accompanying layers, spiritual censors, teachers, and so on. Consideration of ethnogenesis is not reduced to only these phases. They are connected with others, which are comprehensively and argumentatively analyzed in several works, for example, "Ethnos and biosphere" by L. Gumilev. Phases of ethnos are so smoothly transit one to another that in general it is very difficult to divide them just like dividing two mutually diffusing substances. So in this work we are considering the phases that to the highest degree influence a character of dictate evolution, its structures (14) (14 -- A disintegration of ethnos after obscuration phase results in situation, when socium and dictate in a concrete form represent the social

objects staying only because there is nobody to assimilate them or exterminate (Greece, Rome). Ethnos as the most lasting form of socium presents an opportunity to consider an evolution of dictate, at least a sequence of its several forms. It is not an evolution of external aspects of dictate that we are talking about but its motivation basement, dominants of a psychotype of dictate layers in its development, the concrete historical examples with accounting of those ethnical variations of structures corresponding to the phases of ethnogenesis that were analyzed in the previous parts. There are many examples of long-living ethnoses such as China, India, Iran, Greece, Rome, and others. A consideration of ethnogenesis of any of these ethnoses and causally connected with them evolution of dictate structures would be informative for the aim of this work, since their ethnogenesis is governed by the same laws and phases. The ethnogenesis of Iran and Rome can be taken as the concrete examples. History of Iran ethnos has spanned a great interval that seems to be the longest among known. However, it is full to such extent of dead locks, brunches that the main tendency of evolution is somewhat shaded, veiled. The history of Rome is less extensive but the phases of ethnogenesis that are of interest with respect to the considering problem are expressed more clearly, distinctly. So, as mentioned, the transition phases of ethnogenesis such as ethnical stagnation, static ethnos, memorial phase, mummification, and others (in words of L. Gumilev) will not be considered, because the task of the whole ethnogenesis analysis is beyond the scope of the present work. We will consider only the main tendency of ethnogenesis influence on evolution of dictate forms. So, let us review the origin and blossoming of Rome ethnos. At a region of seven hills, a state of robbers has come into existence as an ethnic system. Being surrounded by hostile and very martial ethnoses of (?)sumnits, (?)lookants, and others, the ethnos could survive only due to presence of a high passionarity level, of a high tension. The psychotype of the main part of socium corresponded to this demand that was facilitated by measures on keeping alive the most passionary part of ethnos without wasting it in wars, free-lancing, emigration. The single functional aim directed on ethnical surviving with a high level of passionarity has resulted in creation of a corresponding formation of the Rome republic (15) (15- An account of concrete data on the Rome republic and a chronological historiography are not presented). An accordance of ideology declared by hierarchy to realities (that cemented socium), minimal (necessary) component of physical and negative-motivational suppression, comparatively small unbalance of realization-motivational abilities of all dictate layers (16) (16- That resulted in a material-hedonistic leveling, in a reduction of gulf between hedonism of producers and hierarchs), lack of a sole system of spiritual oppression in a form of state supported monotheism, ethnical uniformity of socium, single-mindedness of moving motivations of the main part of ethnos (socium), all these factors and some others have conditioned a prosperity of the ethnos, a stimulation of passionary persons and a determination of their influence on balanced, harmonious individuals. A passionarization of socium has two aspects that are contravening one another. From one side, they are a basement of solution of socium cardinal functional tasks and a base for passionarity overheating that is a foundation of a next phase, of ethical expansion. From the other side, a passionarization being a certain characteristic of dictate (17) (17 -Conditioned, as shown above, by external and internal tasks of socium) in its turn determines the dictate character. A high level of passionarity implies a high degree of suppression in any kinds including direct physical, negativemotivational, regulating, and so on. In other words, passionarity being a necessary determinant of socium surviving and prosperity turns out to be an obstacle for dictate evolution to the side of its strengthening, i.e., to an increment of possibilities for hierarchs to alienate a hedonistic wealth in their favor. Not only a socium gets tired of activity of passionaries (L. Gumilev),

although certainly it takes place and represents a determinant of dictate in motivational complexes of the average (harmonious, in words of L. Gumilev) individuals of socium. However, the main motivation determining a tendency of passionarity in socium, an extermination of its carriers and an increase of dictate possibilities is the basic, cardinal purposes of psychotype of dictate hierarchs and of suppressing layers. The tried and tested mean of passionarity reduction -- is conquest wars, with dissipation of passionaries, lowering of influence of passionary motivations, raising the level of hedonism for all layers. So, ethnic expansion starts. Most likely, hierarchs hardly consciously get rid of active passionaries. More likely, an experience tells them that the active sublayer, its energy needs an exit and in a lack of cataclysms there is one of few possibilities superficially useful to socium, it is conquests. Here, everything is enticing for hierarchs including an increment of material wealth and amount of dependent producers, killing or weakening of passionaries, widening of dictate possibilities, strengthening of suppression apparatus of army, criminal search, and so on, and concentration of power inevitable in war up to autocracy. All that had happened at epoch of the Rome ethnical expansion. There were extensive conquests, wealth, powerful army and bureaucratic apparatus inside country, impetuous growth of hedonism but at the same time there were an increment of slavery, a growth of individualistic tendencies, of egoism, a decrement in a level of social and moral rewards for civil virtues (of passionaries). There was a growing stereotyping of hedonistic world perception, spiritual conformity, deeds, striving of individuals. There were Rome's legions in Africa, Spain, Asia, Britain, Gaul, great wealth and crowds of slaves were driven into Rome. Yet, what were the consequences and what were their influences on dictate structures? A dissipation of passionaries and lowering of passionarity level resulted in spreading of a number and in increase of influence of passive, gray individuals. Being slaves in their spirit or in the best case passive perceivers of dictate, they accept realities of oppression much better, loyally (for dictate) perceiving them as inevitability and good. Factors of slavery that became a foundation of production also facilitated the spirit deformation, since an individual while using, suppressing slaves turned himself into slave by spirit. Due to generality of dictate, in a country of slaves all are slaves from top to bottom. A lack, or better to say, lowering of a number of passionaries reduces a necessity of positive oppression and increases other aspects of dictate of physical, introspective-negative kinds, and so on. An intensification of the latter aspect of oppression results in changes of dictate structures including: strengthening of suppression and executors' apparatus (officials, army, criminal search), a state-sanctioned system of social casts appears (nobles, riders, plebes, and so on), the state religion is imposed as a mean of negative-introspective suppression with inevitable eventual personification of a mystical beginning in dictate hierarch, an ideology is injected into consciousness of individuals that includes dogmas of mystic predetermination of existing realities of dictate. The essence of dictate as the structure for alienation of wealth to hierarchs and for realization of their hedonistic motivations is a basement for deepening the processes of a motivation-hedonistic and concrete-property stratification of ethnos, for an increase of amount of suppressed producers (not only due to growing number of slaves), an increase of potentials and concretions of hierarchs. An increase of stratification and diverse directions in motivations result in a turn, inversion of passionarity sign of a part of passionaries, i.e., in appearance of a negative passionarity of socium that also corrupts ethnos. Summing up, it is possible to say that a dictate form materialized in a given socium and determined by many reasons is changing as described above at that stage under influence of factors connected with ethnogenesis.

Dictate is losing its efficiency but increases an intensity of oppression in an attempt to compensate for a decrease of introspective single-mindedness of motivations of socium layers. The intensification of oppression induces an increase of contradictate motivations as of individuals so of an active part of socium. Besides usual negativization of passionarity, these tendencies get forms of social collisions. Here, the phenomenon is facilitated by the most brutal suppression of slaves gathered from defeated ethnoses at minimum of introspective component of dictate (18) (18- Since introspection is hindered by differences in customs, religions, life aims of representatives of various enslaved ethnoses. It hinders injection of aims, dogmas of dictate into consciousness of the suppressed slaves.). Revolts of slaves at the epoch of Rome's expansion became the common life events. Hardening of suppression connected with the necessity of hypertrophy of apparatus and means of suppression even more reduce both life capabilities, adaptive ability of ethnos and dictate efficiency. The hypertrophy of the apparatus in passing the following phases of obscuration acquires a character of a self-valued dominant. It transforms from a mean of suppression into a hierarch. The epoch of caesuras in Rome has turned to be a beginning of ethnos obscuration. The centuries that followed Caesar were characterized by moving of the whole ethnos passionary layer into army that carried on wars against alien ethnoses and civil wars. Besides passionaries, civil wars also resulted in perishing of producers. The army stopped to be a mean of security for ethnos and auto-domination, it was alienated from ethnos and its interests. The lowering of ethnos passionarity demanded the army to be remaned by provincials (L. Gumilev) having fighting efficiency (passionarity). An ethnic diversity resulted in varieties of motivations that were eventually reduced to a primitive hedonistic egocentrism, to a degeneration of the layers responsible for ethos functioning. The most brightly it was manifested at the epoch of "soldier-emperors". The continuous violent changes of hierarchs connected with bacchanalia of cruelty and assassinations, struggle for power, meanness, perfidy, and all vices of primitive hedonism resulted in extermination of passionaries in Rome and prevailing in social, motivational, spiritual aspects those features and motivations that make a prosperous ethnos to be a rotting ruin. "Rome ethnos had died and rotted before perishing from an intrusion of barbarians... Nothing could help to restrain the process and save the country, neither a bureaucratic genies of Diocletianus nor a political resourcefulness of Constantine, nor the military talents of Theodosius" (L. Gumilev). It should be added, that ethnical disintegration could not also be prevented by an addition to traditional slavery methods of some introspective dictate methods, in particular of powerful mystic dogma of monotheism in reality of Christianity that became the official religion. Monotheism in conjunction with some other features of the period characterizes a transitional interval to other dictate form (see chap.1). Since a new form had not reached a full power of prosperity, it could not safe the ethnos from collapse (19) (19 -- A more comprehensive analysis of these phases of the Rome ethnos can be found in the mentioned above work of L. Gumilev). A change of dictate forms is not connected directly with ethnogenesis, which only through a complex interaction and (?)inter-influence with other forms of an external and introspective kind affects structures of dictate and experiences its influence. An obscuration phase of ethnos under a quite concrete form of dictate results in an increase of oppression, in intensification of means and methods with a simultaneous decrease of their efficiency. In turn, it determines changes of dictate structures to the side of hypertrophy of layers of conductors and executors of dictate with a corresponding reduction of a role of accompanying layers that secure the basement of introspective oppression. In the case of extreme manifestations of the tendency, executive structures either themselves become hierarchs or promote them including even the highest hierarchs. In summing-up, it is possible to say that ethnogenesis phases proceeding

in the frames of concrete dictate forms are a group of factors affecting dictate structures and a relative weight of different components in the whole structure of oppression. A peculiar feature of that mutual affections is a universality, its independence of ethnical, regional, temporal features of ethnos existence. Technology and dictate structures Socium technology as a sum of means, instruments, individual skills in production of material wealth including applied cognition structures and the whole global continuum of intellectual values is a category that is self-sufficient, self-perfecting. Its evolution is prompted by an energy of introspective kind of positively passionated creators and to a very small degree is governed by external reasons and objective necessity. The theories of an objective causality of technology hardly can be regarded as argued. If an external, objective necessity had determined the technology evolution, than the level of evolution would be greater at the places, where the necessity is higher, i.e., under severe conditions of the North, mountains, and so on, The history witnesses the opposite. Technology is evolving under a temperate favorable climate and geological conditions that allow to exist without a special necessity to modernize means and methods of production. Sharp changes, leaps in technology development during dangerous periods for socium such as cataclysms, wars, and so on, are not determined (directly) by these factors, but by a change in attitudes to creators (passionaries) of technical evolution -- a necessary, forced stimulation of technology passionaries by hierarchs of dictate. So even here, the basement for evolution is not an objectivity, but motivations of various layers of dictate, which are not moving the evolution, but are only encouraging creators. Another factor proving the self-containing of technology evolution at least at the phase of its steep progress (starting approximately from V-VI cc. BC) is its separation, alienation from concrete producers, because technology is standing on a basement of cognitive science, the science that cognizes fundamental laws of nature. The creators of cognitive science in their essence are passionaries of knowledge and are not at all the producers. Being a self-containing, self-sufficient category that is immanent to evolving socium, technology affects many of its sides including an evolution of dictate structures. The level of technology development to great extent determines a character of ethnic and state prevailing and not only in a military-expansive aspect. Of course, a bronze sword gives advantages over a stone ax, a chariot and a bow over an unmounted sword-bearer, an atom bomb over a flint gun. However, not only these features determine the reason of prevailing, because a connected with the level of technology efficiency of goods' production has several other aspects. The amount of wealth manufactured by a producer, i.e., the efficiency of labor, directly conditions the number of individuals that dictate can alienate from a wealth production and used in an apparatus of oppression. The same parameter determines the number of producers alienated from production of a necessary for life wealth to production of some by-products such as weapons, luxury goods, equipment for cognitive science, and so on. In other words, a level of technology determines the socium's possibilities to support nonproducing out-of-dictate passionaries including creators and scientists, who directly mould the basement, foundation of technology, i.e., the growth of technology speeds up with an increase of efficiency that in turn is determined by technology. The induced by technology evolution possibilities for enlarging of apparatus of oppression and an avalanche-like growth of a number of out-of-dictate creators-passionaries necessary to dictate to support a level of ethnic ability to competition, in combination determine quantitative and qualitative deformations of dictate, of its forms and structures.

Evolution of technology has another aspect that is important for the present theory. Technology evolution is directly connected with changes in the character of labor, with its becoming more intellectual. A medieval handicraftsman, whose individual skill has determined a quality and a quantity of produced goods, cannot be subject to the same dictate as an agricultural slave of Sumer. The tendency of a growing dependence of produced material wealth, quality, quantity, on producer's individual quality became even more clearly expressed with the increase of intellectualization of production in XIX - XX cc. Intellect as a socium's component, being so antipathetic to hierarchs but necessary and stimulated under duress to one or another degree, becomes with technology development by the factor that determines a power and efficiency of state and dictate form. The necessity to stimulate development of an integral intellect, in the first place of passionary scientists and creators, results in very radical changes in structure of oppression, in its forms at the direction of the most refine introspectivization. Technology of a mechanical kind needs very few creators, an artificially-energetic one (steam, electrical energy) needs a more number, an atomic-cybernetic technology needs so many alienated from production passionary thinkers not only for practical sciences but also for ones not directly connected with production (humanitarian, philosophical, biological), that dictate, in order not to lose possibilities to realize its functions, is forced to change completely its structure. Let us make more concrete the last general statement using the following example. Evolution of technology -- is a continuous uninterrupted process for the whole history of mankind, as well as evolution of dictate. While dictate has been evolving in different ethnoses and regions having concrete variations, deviations from general regularities (20) (20 -- Evolution of dictate is a universal category for socium. Still, its concretions can be different depending on bio- and geo-conditions, lasting period, genotype of individuals, and so on.), technology in its evolution process has been exhibiting cardinal features of civilized universality, generality. Using the evolving technology as a continuous correlator, it is possible to follow the evolution of dictate structures in its causal relations with technology. Evolution of dictate in frames of an ethnos is a short lasting process in comparison with evolution of technology. Let us consider these processes for illustration of correlative-causal connections of technology and dictate structures in the frames of more lasting object such as the West-European superethnos. A mutual penetration of technological achievements of different components of the super-ethnos and comparatively high synchronism of dictate evolutions allow one to consider the character of mutual influence of the categories during a sufficiently large period that includes changes of dictate forms and variations of oppression structures in a concrete form. The WestEuropean ethnos is considered in the context of the present work covering a rather wide period and scale from antique Greece to capitalism of XX c. accounting for technological inheritance of ethnoses included in the super-ethnos. The West-European super-ethnos is an heir of culture and technology of peoples of East and Egypt including Sumerians, Babylonians, hetaeras, Egyptians. At the beginning of its existence, military technics and technology of arms had been developing (heavy armed hoplits appeared), organization, auxiliary technics such as ram (?)thriers, throwing and wall-breaking machines. Knowledge had been perfecting including the philosophy that experienced unprecedented blast, the applied mathematics that originated in Egypt, the first sprouts of chemistry had appeared. The structure perfected and a total system of exchange appeared based on a universal-goods equivalent -- of money. Trade was growing with navigation and money exchange and not the last place in the trade was sheared by luxury and comfort goods and woman's beauty goods. These features of technology had a direct influence on dictate character, its forms and concretions, immediately being reflected on introspective essence of

oppression at a given stage of dictate evolution. A development of military technics and organization along with strengthening of conducting apparatus (bureaucracy as it will be called later) results in following changes of structures and forms of dictate: The number of people decreases that is necessary for a concrete mainly physical suppression because structures of formal-introspective dictate with immanent to them aspects of technology are developed weakly. It means that the number of people forced to fulfillment of declared asceticism, to stereotyping of all sides of their life, to production activity, exceeds greatly the number of people fulfilling the functions of compulsion. Slavery becomes profitable for hierarchs of dictate and gets a status of the main structure of material wealth production with all peculiar attributes of the formation (see chap.1). Development of military technics as an aspect of technology conditions a development of ethnical expansion (together with the factors inherent to ethnogenesis only), at least to a possibility of expansion of a comparatively small ethnos into regions with much larger ethnoses. The bright examples are campaigns of Philip Makedonian and then Alexander The Greate. The variations of dictate's aspects determined by ethnic expansion have been analyzed in section "Structures of dictate and ethnos". It is proper to remark here that the dictate features that are changing during expansion are manifested brightly in the examples mentioned above. Suffice it to recollect the character of the Alexander autocracy to the end of Persian campaign and the variations of injected ideology (21) (21 -- The history of the Alexander campaigns is widely known so they are not described here), resulted from a hypertrophy of autocracy that was conditioned by the expansion. On summing up, it is possible to say that development of military aspect of technology is a basement (it is a strategic rule) for intensification of physical oppression inside socium and of ethnic expansion (at a proper phase of ethnogenesis) outside it. Further analysis will confirm the generality of the conclusions. The next aspect is a progress of science from philosophy to applied one. Interconnection of philosophy and dictate is so obvious that does not need any argumentation. It does not mean that philosophy is always a positive foundation of dictate, not at all. It can be an ideological antagonist to dictate but anyhow philosophy is connected with it. Of cause, it can touch not all aspects of philosophy as a science about general, for example, ontology, epistemology, and other its sections but, for example, ethic is directly connected with the essence of dictate ideology, with a positive or negative attitude to it, with passive perception or active non-acceptance, alienation from dictate. A quick development of philosophy cannot be directly connected only with dictate evolution, just like to search for the reasons of unprecedented intellectual eruption in any other external to it factors. This question is extremely complicated and is not considered here. However, undoubtedly that ethics of practically all philosophies of that period from deistic to orthodoxy-materialistic reflects a character of attitude to dictate. An importance of that idea for analysis of a total technology influence on dictate evolution is determined by the fact that the philosophy was a single structure, a monolith of science and included all scientific principles. A radical fulfillment of the phenomenon -- was demonstrated in a philosophy trend, followers of which were called Pythagoreans. The idea of asceticism, of alienation of producers from hedonistic aspects of life that is so dear to hierarchs and is a fundamental stone of any dictate ideology, being refracted in minds of thinkers, is transformed into forms of ideas of ascetics, cynics, and even stoics. An immanent contradictateship as a feature of any passionary mentality (22) (22- A basement of dictate is introspection, i.e., suppression of mentality freedom and its confinement into frames of dogmas that are necessary to dictate including an

injection into consciousness of dogmas and aims helping to form persons loyal to dictate. So quit natural that real philosopher is always an antagonist to dictate, to its concretions, at least in his mind) has developed the idea (by hypertrophying of its features that were in contradiction with dictate interests) to a stage when it directly opposed dictate's interests . This thesis is illustrated by the presence of contradictate ideas in philosophical structures of skeptics, Leucippus, Democrites, Heraclitus, Anaxagoras, Anaximander, or at least of indifferent motivations ((?)grammatics, Pythagoreans). The presence of so powerful ideology opposing an inculcation of loyal notions into consciousness of producers conditioned a necessity to restrict an access of producers (23) (23 -- In reality, the great ideas of philosophers were attainable only for a small group of socium and reached the consciousness of a majority only in a simplified and distorted form) to philosophy, as well as non-acceptance of it by power holders and intensification of a forced inculcation into consciousness of dogmas of religion in a form of dictate-reflected essence of it -- in a form of hierarchy of pandemonium. As the realizations of the approach were a state punishment for an insult and distraction of faith as in the cases of Anaxagoras, Socrates and many others. Ideology of a religion kind that is based not on a sincere, personal believe, i.e., on a restricted complex of individual-immanent ideas, but on a complex of forced dogmas that are inculcated, injected by dictate structures and by physical suppression of dogmas, is an inevitable sign of a weakness of introspective foundation of dictate and a basement for strengthening of external suppression structures at the expense of introspection. A substitution is taking place of a positive involvement for a negative compulsion. This profound influence of a philosophical aspect of a technological side on dictate evolution determines an evolution of all structures of oppression and the form on the whole. Natural and applied scientific aspects of antique world technology had also a peculiar effect on dictate structures, its components. Development of sciences resulted in an enlargement of a number of socium members possessing an intellect and knowledge, because sciences had a direct practical application and facilitated a technology modernization on the whole, widening of inhabit area , trade, and accompanying aspects such as navigation, ship building, increase of knowledge amounted in symbol systems and handed over from generation to generation. The presence of a considerable sublayer of socium having such qualities resulted in an increase of level of involvement motivations, since intellect is less affected by external, physical suppression. There are two tendencies that look as if excluding each other and are determined by an evolution of scientific basement of technology. They are an intraspectivization of dictate and an increase of physical oppression. It is a paradox only at the first glance, because a development of technology determines an integrity of development of the two oppression components to the side of intensification and making them more versatile as directly so through social means. This feature of technological determination of dictate evolution is the general one and its influence at all stages of socium development is growing with acceleration of technology development irrespective of epochs and regions. That tendency is facilitated besides technology by other objective and subjective factors of a functioning socium and represents a fundamental feature of dictate evolution. A development of goods-money relationships and communications with other states also had a determining affection on dictate structures of ancient Greece. All the main necessary to life products including food, instruments, weapons, clothe, and so on, are made domestically, because the volume of transported goods could not be large. However, striving to profit that is one of many faces of total hedonism prompts a part of people to trade by the things that satisfy refine-hedonistic motivations of hierarchs and the highest conductors of

dictate. They include a useless luxury, attributes of snobbery and vanity, among which a considerable place is occupied by cosmetics and woman's beauty things, and so on, as the highest objects of primitive hedonism. An increase of amount of useless for socium life things in import and export connected with luxury and hedonism results in alienation of a part of producers from production. Trade and adjoined aspects of activity such as transport, guarding, selling, accounting, and so on, also divert a part of producers. On the whole, it results in situation, when the left part of producers has to make more wealth per a unit of time or to spend more time at work. The first can be done using a progress of technics or an increase of suppression, the second only by an increase of suppression. At the stage of socium evolution under consideration, a progress of production technics is at minimum, the main energy of production is a muscle force of animals and people, so an attainment of purposes as in the first and so in the second cases is secured by an intensification of dictate in a frame of a concrete formation and also of immanent means and methods of oppression. As in the analysis in section "Slavery", a character of labor in the formation determines an efficiency of that dictate form without any cardinal transformations. This statement is also true of the further formations . In the previous chapter, it was shown that the early feudalism is a reality of the same dictate form only with some changes of formal labels. Correctness and argumentation of this statement are determined by the factors presented in that section and in the first chapter. Cardinal changes in a structure of correlative relations between technology evolution and dictate are coupled with cardinal changes in a structure of technology determinants including science, technics, energetic. A beginning and the early period of feudalism in the West-European super-ethnos are characterized by a lack of new features of technology. There is the same muscle energy as a producing mean, the same technics, a science is developing extremely slowly, the same organization of production, the same military technics. Figuratively saying, the mile stone in technical revolution of the super-ethnos was the first gun shot. A cumbersome and inefficient in military respect bombard and an appearance of many-masted sailing vessels (later) have marked a new stage in evolution of technology and dictate. Then, a new form of production organization has appeared including shops, new forms of trade (Hanse), new ideas in science and technics. There is a direct evidence of a cardinal change, an evolving jump of technology that has determined many changes in the West-Europe socium structure. Greek fire (wildfire), bombard, culverin, musket, and so on, have changed the arms qualitatively. Physical strength of a warrior stated to lose its decisive role in a battle. Bullet can hit from afar and also the better the gun the longer the distance. Technology of arms production became a decisive factor and this tendency was preserved in the later times. In contrast to a cold arms of the previous epoch, firearms demand a more complicated production, a more fine technology. As the result, first, production united a great number of people, second, it allowed to reduce a number of conductors and executors of dictate. A small, well-organized army with firearms is capable to suppress a huge mass of producers. The third not less important aspect of strengthening of armament is an increase of possibilities of ethnic expansion described in the previous section. Appearance of big sailers and development of firearms have widened an area of ethnic expansion to the dimensions of the globe. As can be expected, these factors just like at the previous stages of technology evolution should result in intensification of external, physical dictate, in strengthening of physical oppression. It has really happened but with some additions. Other factors of technological evolution have started to play a role in the course of progress. An origination of alchemy gave a prompt to development of a system of knowledge on substance structures. Science branched giving birth to mechanics, astronomy, new

mathematics, to developing of medicine with rudiments of psychology, and as a crown of knowledge, a philosophy development gets a new push. As usual, it started from giving a meaning to philosophy problems based on natural science, then it came to giving a new sense to ethical, epistemology, ontological aspects of being. Complication of technics and its production structures, development of science and increasing number of its adepts, development of philosophy with immanent contradictateship (24) (24 -- Here is meant a philosophy created by passionary thinkers, a product of a creative mind of real philosophers, but not of ideological adepts of dictate that are a composite part of an accompanying layer of dictate.) gave birth to an opposite tendency connected with intensification of introspective oppression having a considerable component of positive involvement. The first tendency -- an intensification of external, physical oppression -- is resulted in spreading of suppression apparatus: a reinforcement of monarch absolutism, army, bureaucracy apparatus, juridical and penitential systems. The second dominating tendency -- strengthening of an introspective component of oppression -- is resulted in raising of religion into rank of official ideology of dictate. It is accompanied not only by intensification of its influence on consciousness of producers but also by guarding, protection of its dogmas, purposes, ideas from negative influence (25 ) (25 -- From penetrations of ideas that reduce or exterminate the influence of mystic religion dogmas on people's consciousness and include not only ideas of science but also church-reforming.) using means of traditional physical oppression such as inquisition, religion militant orders, religion wars. In this aspect, introspective dictate of church is accompanying physical dictate of state. A personification of suzerain as an embodiment of will of a mystic beginning of being, as a chosen one by god and as a conductor of his will and application of dictate realities to mystic will in suzerain (26) (26 -- A trick that is used by autocracies of all periods. However, here it is conducted with means of such power as the religion of mystic monotheism -- Christianity.), conducted with the help of religious instillation, represents also a powerful mean of introspective dictate. Development of religion as a mean of introspective dictate (27) (27- Turning off mystical, ontological, and so on, features of religion, which are autonomous with respect to oppression functions.) in conjunction with form's concretions and utilization of state forms of injection and protection of ideological dogmas, results in appearance of centralized autocratic system of religion of a state type with all shortcomings and advantages that are characteristic of system. Concentration of production, conditioned by a necessity of its complication, in its turn determines a necessity of unification of motivations of trade group members with the aim of concrete production, improvement of trade skills, development of labor means and perfection of produced goods. The necessity of unification determines an intensification of motivations of involvement, positive stimulation (28) (28 -- It touches only industrial workers, since at a given stage agricultural components of technology due to their conservatism are involved only at a miserable degree in the process of evolution.) of producers. The means are versatile: increase of producer's interest in the product of his labor, in its quantity and quality that is facilitated by a system of shops, foremen with their privileges, increase of formal social status of handicraftsmen, limitation of dictate suppression in comparison with agricultural producers. So a division of production on a purely physical labor of a peasant and a qualified labor of handicraftsman due to technological evolution results in modification of oppression structures with respect to a character of production activity represented by especially physical oppression for agricultural and introspective-physical for industrial producer. For all this, evolution of technology of industrial production with an inevitable growth of producers' qualification, i.e., of an intellectual component of production, leads to a progressive intensification of an introspective component of dictate both

positive-motivational and negative-repressive. The next stage of evolution with cardinal new features of technology is connected with the appearance of new sauces of energy such as steam and then electricity. Substitution of a muscle productive energy with artificial sources, that many times increases power consumption, also increases proportionally the previous tendencies in dictate evolution. However, agricultural producers are also involved in the orbit of evolving changes of oppression character and dictate structures and their conservatism is destroyed by introduction of complex agro-systems, mechanisms and chemistry. A possibility of alienation of even more people from a concrete production, growing possibilities of expansion (29) (29 -- At that period, expansion of the West-European superethnos took place at the expanse of other continents. The super-ethnos made the whole world by the area of its expansion.) due to improvements of weapons, transport, military organization, growing number of scientists of all professions, transformation of a technical perfection into a determining factor of state power, as well as other factors of technological evolution of the West-European superethnos at that stage resulted in an increase of early appeared tendencies. Besides transformations of dictate structures analyzed in the previous chapters, dictate introspectivization has reached a cardinal new level in quite various realities and the growing scale of wars increases mainly not due to ethnical collisions but as a mean of extermination of passionarities. From one side, passionary creators (of a positive kind) are a basement for technological evolution and power of composing ethnoses, from the other side, the growing intellectual balance of the super-ethnos and the whole mankind cannot be onesided, technical. It includes also an inevitable growth of many contradictate passionaries (30) (30 -- At that time, the most radical form of contradictateship has appeared - anarchism), whose ideas may be ruinous for dictate. As a weapon for neutralization of growing contradictate passionarity of a producers' rising intellect, dictate uses the same hedonism that is moving by all layers of socium. The increase in power consumption and the complexity of technology (necessary in an open socium) result in such escalation of production efficiency and total volume of produced wealth that dictate represented by hierarchs, conductors, accompanying layers cannot consume all of it even accounting an explosive growth of refinements and wide varieties of their hedonism satisfactions. A considerable part of wealth is left for producers and a satisfaction of some aspects of their hedonism turns out to be the chain that fastens the producer much stronger than any compulsions to a production machine with the immanent conformity and stereotypization of all aspects of his being. In other words, evolution of technology results in a situation, when traditional aspects and methods of dictate with respect to producers are gradually substituted by methods of involvement, coparticipation that are characteristic of relations between hierarchs and layers of conductors, executors, and accompanying. The transformation reinforces dictate structure, increases its efficiency on the bases of consonance, unidirectionality (at least, partly) of hedonistic motivations of all layers of socium (31) (31 -Of cause, it is difficult and even silly to compare levels of hedonism satisfaction of the opposite layers of dictate and characters of its refinement. Differences in levels of hedonism are a reason of a growth of contradictate motives.). At that situation, conductors and executors of introspective oppression become the dominating structures of oppression. They are directly forming subconscious and conscious purposes, motivations, dogmas of loyalty according to a conform stereotype of dictate way of life, of being. The main stress, accent of any activation of these layers is made always on stimulation in consciousness of producer of the hedonistic motivations of a simplified, shortened kind, the hedonism oriented on objects and subjects of a primitive-life plan suggested by dictate. The satisfaction of these motivations is elevated to a rang of the sense of being. The contradictateship of a passionary mentality feels intuitively a danger of that truncated-sanctioned hedonism and leads to its negation (Rousseau, Thoreau,

anarchists). Non-acceptance of primitive hedonism is a motive feature of real passionarity. There is a paradox (seemed), when dictate declares an ideology of hedonism, which is always denied by it with respect to producers, and at the same time contradictate mentality proclaims asceticism, which is always elevated by dictate to a rang of virtue for producers. In reality, there is no paradox, only a change of accents, means of dictate, a substitution of direct oppression with an involvement, positive stimulation of loyalty (32) (32- Positive stimulation that is accompanied by injection of dogmas , teaching of stereotypes, is always more efficient than a negative prohibition, punishments for disloyalty.). The second aspect is a variation of the scale and the essence of wars at the stage of technological evolution of the West-European super-ethnos. The traditional aims of wars: solution of ethnical conflicts, mean of expansion of an efficiently evolving dictate, are preserved but wars acquire an unusual scale of global conflicts. The scale enlarging is determined by dimensions of ethnical and dictate expansion and due to technological evolution encompassing the globe. There are new basements, reasons for wars that results in the consequences to dictate that were absent at the previous periods. Technology evolution at a phase of application of artificial energy (XIX - XX cc.) with a giant growth of labor efficiency and volume of produced wealth, gives birth to a problem of their consumption and induces state collisions over sale markets, i.e., a factor of state economic struggle appears (including wars) for the sociums that consumes goods of regional production. Successful wars for the possession of sale markets result in the creation of state conglomerates of metropolises with an immanent form of dictate and colonies with other dictate forms induced by dictate of the metropolises . At that epoch, the West-European super-ethnos exists in surrounding of ethnoses having various levels of technology and mainly less developed. An interest in selling goods in less developed counties implies a metropolis's hampering of technology development of these regions and a compulsion of them to consume namely its goods. An absence of dictate's interest in motivations' unidirectionalities with producers of these regions results in some gradation of oppression structures of super-ethnos dictate with respect to infrastructures of production and producing layers of the less developed regions acquiring of status of colonies. An imposition of a nominal, completely external dictate entails a row of consequences as to ethnogenesis (see work of L. Gumilev) as well as to dictate genesis both directly and indirectly through ethnogenesis. Development of structures of physical dictate destined for colonies results in a situation, when an efficient introspective infra-dictate is adjoined by an alien physical one, whose structures are hypertrophied to such degree that they are striving to mono prevailing (33) (33 -- At that phase, the most successful, efficient progress is reached by the states that lack colonies, i.e., which realize principles of introspective dictate in a refined view, such as the USA, Sweden.) as in the cases of the Franco mutiny in Spain, the Algerian revolt in 1960. From this point of view, the destruction of colonial system is a consequence of action of laws of both technological evolution and (not to the last degree) of the general principle of dictate evolution in the direction of introspectivization. Inefficient dictate forms are disintegrating under the influence of both of integral- motivation internal forces of ethnos and of external with respect to dictate forces. The next stage of technological evolution as a determinant of dictate represents a phase of industry intellectualization that started in the middle of XX c. That epoch is characterized by very versatile innovations in science, technics, technology. Yet, all of them excluding informational automates are determinants of intensification of already existed tendencies of dictate evolution. The appearance and wide applications of informational automates entail a lowering of (qualitative and quantitative) not only physical but also of unqualified labor demanding small expenses of intellect. From the other side, spreading of informational automates resulted in a wide development of means for

sublimation of natural hedonism of producer and in further refining of hedonism of suppressing layers. Cheapening of the price, mass production, variety of technical means of sublimation and connected possibilities of injection in consciousness of dogmas and purposes of loyalty make them an indispensable instrument of oppression for dictate. The motto of the Rome plebes "bread and shows" (as a price for loyalty) has not lost its validity and may be changed into "shows and bread". Bread or, in a figurative meaning, the necessary for life food, shelter, woman is secured to producer (34) (34- To producer, i.e., to an active member of socium but not to a lumpen.) by increased efficiency of labor and volume of wealth. However, the level of hedonistic realities, luxury of hierarchs of that epoch is so high that contradictateship would crush them, if there were no means of introspective involvement, positivemotivational suppression and hypertrophy of sublimation means. Cinema, television, newspapers, radio, tape-recorders, and so on, having a directed influence they use the fine mechanisms of interactions of subconscious (natural-motivational) and conscious that have been analyzed by Freud and his followers (35) (35- A more comprehensive analysis will be in chapter 3), the mechanisms that substitute a reality of objective world with illusion ideas and schemes. Some preliminary conclusions Technology as an aspect of socium existence represents a continuous process, i.e., a chain of interconnected and sequentially determining each other essences and events, since any technology stage is a consequence of previous discoveries, thoughts, actions, creations. Saying in mathematical language, technology is a continuous, spontaneous process, a process of sudden discoveries and creations. Considering with the example of the West-European super-ethnos the determination of dictate evolution and variations of oppression structures coursed by technological evolution, we have revealed the strategic tendency of a basic introspectivization of structures and a character of oppression. This strategic component is so weighty on the background of all other determinants considered above that provides a uniform character for the whole process of dictate evolution. Dictate and objective determinants In previous sections of the chapter, structural determinants of an internalsocial (ethnical) and a combined internal-external (technological) kind were considered. Here, we will consider determinants that are exclusively external with respect to socium and dictate. They include objective determinants that define the presence and necessity of dictate in socium. Both ethnogenesis and technology while in their evolutions affecting infrastructure of dictate at the same time experience an influence of these factors that are accompanying evolution of dictate of neighboring ethnoses, which are developing not synchronously with the ethnos. Due to a combination of occasional jumps of the factors (ethnical and technological) and a non-coherence in developments of global community sociums, evolution acquires a complicated character with blurred main tendencies and regularities. Being objectively independent of the socium with all its functional activations, external factors (36) (36 -- Ethnic pressure of neighboring ethnoses is an external determinant just like geological calamities of biosphere evolution.) determine a strategic character of dictate evolution, its cardinal features, parameters, determinants. The external determinants of structural evolution of dictate can be divided conditionally into several independent groups: 1. Factors connected with natural evolution of biosphere at a socium inhabitant area. 2. Factors connected with deformation of biosphere of inhabitant area conditioned by socium activity: a) variations of geology and biocenos of inhabitant area due to development

of technology; b) the same things but resulted from technological expansion of neighboring sociums (37) (37 -- There are many historical arguments (in the following sections). A modern one is changes of the Oceanic sociums caused by technological expansion of the West.). 3. Social-ethnical factors: a) connected with differentiation of ethnogenesis processes of neighboring sociums; b) connected with differentiation of social-political- ideological structures of neighboring sociums. As shown in the previous sections, these factors work often in combination, in dialectic connection with each other and with the object of influence, i.e., with dictate structure. However, due to difficulties of their consideration in organic interconnection, the analysis of their causal determination of dictate evolution will be conducted with separation of principle tendencies of affection and evolution. 1. Evolution of biosphere and dictate structures. In that subsection, the factors of evolving biosphere will be considered that are not products of human activity (i.e., they do not include cultural erosion of soil, desert coming caused by deforestation, swamping and salting of soil due to agricultural transformations). There is an infinitive number of the factors including variations of temperature regime (ice-age or worming periods), variations in population (or complete disappearance) of animals or fishes, variations in relief of inhabitant area caused by, say, an eruption of volcano, raising or descending of sea level, offense of desert or its retrieve and widening of domestic regions, many years of drought or an increase of precipitation, and so on. There are many variants but the essence is the same (in the context of present work) that includes a change of life style stereotype, the stereotype that is a foundation of dictate conformism. Any changes of inhabit environment deteriorate a material basement of existing socium due to deviation from a usual continuum of way of life. An adaptation to new conditions of inhabit, when technology is developed weakly (epoch of early sociums), conditions either variations of character and structures of oppression in frames of a certain form of dictate or a transformation of dictate form. An influence of the external factors of that group (and not only of these ones) on dictate transformation often occurs not mainly in a form of direct determination but indirectly through ethnical factors (39) (39 -A comprehensive and argued analysis of mutual determinations of these features of evolution is given in the mentioned book of L. Gumilev). The affections of the factors on dictate evolution were analyzed in previous sections. As far as intermediate stages of dictate transformations are very inertial, so under sufficiently quick changes of biosphere their direct determination of dictate evolution starts to play an important role. Deterioration of geological and climate conditions, variations in flora and fauna of a region result in reduction of socium food resources. The reduction is not compensated by technological or other infrastructure factors and conditions both ethnic-expansion and variationdictate consequences. The same situation happens in the cases, when natural phenomena reduce inhabitant area, amount and quality of cultivated area, epidemic cattle-plague, and so on. Under deterioration of material foundation of a functioning socium, basic motivations of the highest layers of dictate hierarchy stay unchanged, and because material wealth is not enough for a positivemotivational involvement of producers, physical dictate is used with corresponding reduction of introspective component. It in turn results in corresponding variations of dictate structures and sometimes even dictate form. Under conditions of worsening of material base, reduction of the whole sum of produced wealth, irrespective of level of socium development, technology and other aspects of socium, the process take place of intensification of gradations connected with realizations of possibilities of hedonistic moving complexes of

motivations, deepening of abyss between a quantity of wealth alienated by hierarchs and the share of it consumed by producers, differentiation of hedonism of hierarchs, conductors, executors and asceticism of producers. The chain of differentiations results in an increase of contradictate passionarity as well as in intensification of oppression. The expression "bad times for people" has the second main meaning -- bad times for socium are the bad times for producers. A prolonged influence of biosphere's changes in combination with a low level of passionarity that does not allow to compensate the negative moments in the way of ethnical expansion (39) (39 -- Lowering of passionarity facilitates this tendency also as a factor of infrastructure that reduces the general ability of contradictate potentials and activations), may result in a change of dictate form and often for a physical or extreme one. The second moment determining a directed deformation of dictate by evolving factors of environment is the fact that dictate immanence in socium on the whole is necessary for a functional consolidation and unidirectionality of individual activations in a struggle for vitally important aspects of a person and socium being. Complications of the conditions during the task solving caused by natural influences, result in the necessity of raising consolidation factors at a reduced sum of wealth, i.e., in a dictate intensification. It is possible to list many historical examples confirming the statement such as China at III - II millenniums BC or more exactly the territory of modern China at those epochs, since there was yet no China as it is. Everything was different at that period including climate, flora, fauna. Development of socium of inhabited people was governed by natural factors such as water element, giant river floods covering fields with huge sediments of silt and sand. Under pressure of element, a part of ancient inhibitors of China retreated into mountains, other part united for a struggle against floods. The struggle demanded their unification in frames of tough organization that evolved in a despot form of dictate (40) (40 -- O. Lattimore. Inner Asian Frontiers of China. NY., 1940). Another example, not less illustrative, is a history of migration of nomad tribes of Asian steppes in III XIII cc. Although many historians deny a connection of periodic drought of steppe and ethnical expansions of the tribes but a relationship is certainly present being not direct but indirect. Expansions of nomads had occurred at the periods of spreading of their inhabitable areas in steppes but dictate deformations, changes of dictate structures that entailed phenomena influencing ethnogenesis and determining possibilities of expansion, took place in previous epochs. At the periods that were characterized by shrinking of inhabitable area of nomads and worsening of climate, nomads were forced to consolidate for surviving. In their sociums deprived an ability of expansive aggression, internal restrictions (i.e., dictate structures) were reinforced, the power was centralized in hands of tribe leaders (41) (41 -- As any immanence of psychotype, passionarity affects social life that in its turn is stimulated or suppressed by socium or more exactly by dictate), and only on that basement in subsequent more favorable phases of geobiocenos and ethnogenesis they transacted to a phase of ethnic expansion. Drying in of Sahara at the end of IV millennium BC connected with changes of cyclone direction to the North, had caused the ancient inhabitants of Sahara to migrate in a swampy valley of Nile, where wild predecessors of wheat and barley were growing. Neolithic tribes mastered agriculture and started systematic cultivation of flood-lands of Nile. The process is finished by unification of Egypt under power of Pharaohs (L. Gumilev). 2. Cultural-technological deformation of geobiocenos and dictate structures. Man intervenes in his surrounding world with changes and transformations for his purposes and often for achieving aims not connected with real vital requirements. From the early days of humankind up to the present period, this intervention has been always accompanied by such deformations of geobiocenos that in a closed cause-and-effect cycle affect social structures being the reasons of deformations. Multiple examples of

such interventions and deformations with respect to analysis of ethnogenesis are given in the work of L. Gumilev. The character of geobiocenos deformations conditioned by technology of civilization especially sensible at the last years can be quit various from swamping of cultivated area and its erosion, salting of ground, changing in river bed, variations in ecological balance of animal and vegetable worlds, up to variations in atmosphere . It goes without saying that the scale of the deformations is growing proportionally to increasing possibilities of technology and consumption of power in the global socium. However, at all epochs the consequences of technological deformation of geobiocenos for a structure of a concrete form of dictate are always considerable. For example, in 582 BC Nebuchadnezzar singed a peace with Egypt and got married czarevna (?)Nitockris, who brought with her a suite of educated Egyptians. According to their project, an irrigation system was built that was supposed to increase considerably the area of irrigated grounds. Yet, it resulted from one side in unforeseen salting of ground and from the other side in a necessity of huge labor expenses to keep the net in working conditions. Consequences of the "technological" epopee had been manifesting more than a thousand years later. Arabs in VII - IX cc., having an unlimited source of working power, forced black slaves (zingy(?)) to gather salt around of Babylon ruins and remove it. Deprived of a hope for deliverance, in 869 year the slaves rose in rebellion. As a result, for some period (up to 883 year) they had created a new infrastructure of dictate inside the region embraced by uprising. Besides that they had weakened the existed dictate structure of caliphate to such degree that for some period a new extremist form of dictate appeared (42) (42 -- It had resulted in the situation, when governors were established by freelances-turkmens, who suppressed by force their employers). There is an infinitive amount of such examples. In essence, technological deformations of geobiocenos represent a variant of natural evolution of dictate determinants but they occur with higher velocity and with a more quick manifestation of causal (for dictate structures) consequences. One of the variations of technological deformations of geobiocenos is a technology invested from outside that influences the environment and indirectly dictate structures. That deformation takes place, when there are contacts of sociums having quit different levels of technology. The contact provokes not only ethnical expansion but also a forced deformation of geobiocenos of inhabitant area of socium with less developed technology. It entails variations of dictate structures conditioned not by internal organic reasons but by external, enforced ones. Here, external influences -- both ethnical and technology-deformation -- affect dictate infrastructures in a complex way as, for example, it happened in the conquest of South America, Great Britain expansion in India, European expansion in Oceania. In the most cases, an injected technological deformation is accompanied by imposing of the dictate form that is a more tough variant of domestic oppression -- more often in a form of a colony or as a dependent, subordinated subject. 3. Factors connected with ethnogenetic and social deformation of contacted sociums. An influence of these factors on dictate structure evolution cannot be reduced only to ethnical collisions that entail destruction of dictate infrastructures on the whole or deformations of its substructures. An external influence on ethnos is mainly determined not by a power of expansionists but by a weakness of ethnos subject to pressure. When an ethnos is strong inside, i.e., when it is in a phase of ethnogenesis that secures its stability, then a presence of ethnic antagonists conditions an internal consolidation, intensification of introspective component of dictate and unidirectionality of moving motivations among a major part of socium. Argumentations of the statement can be found in historical examples. Expansion of Rome that was accompanied by deformation (complete or partial) of domestic dictate forms in Gaul, Syria, Britain in I century BC, was successful at the

places, where resistance was extremely weak. At the same time, collision with powerful Chinese empire (Talas(?), before 36 BC.) ended by defeat of Romans. On the other side, an existence of powerful ethnic antagonists (Urary(?)) resulted in unity of (?)Mannis (Many(?)), who were subject to a pressure from Urary. They organized a new form of dictate consisted of oligarchy headed by a tsar. The same situation with the same consequences was observed in Sparta at antique period. So a direct ethnic pressure in a form of expansion of ethnoses (in their corresponding phase) leads to different consequences depending on own phase of ethnogenesis including disintegration of dictate form with imposing of the forms of an expanding ethnos, accumulation and disappearance of ethnos, strengthening and consolidation with inevitable centralization of dictate. External factors of a social kinds determining as dictate presence so deformations of its structures can be not only of ethnical, or more exactly, ethnogenetic character. In other words, not only differentiation of ethnogenesis phase of neighboring ethnoses is a reason of collisions determining deformations. An integral complex of social, political, ideological components of dictate in a contact of two or several ethnoses determines a possibility of appearance of external pressure in various forms including economical, political, ideological, in a form of expansion, assimilation, hybridization. An influence of these factors on dictate infrastructure can have a much more complicated character then in the case of ethnic pressure. Surface it to recollect a political competition of Athena and Sparta that resulted in coming into power in Athena (for a short period) of an oligarchy named a Soviet of four hundreds. History presents many examples confirming the statement that political, economical, ideological contacts of sociums with sharp differences of those factors inevitably lead to dictate changes in them. An argument in favor of the statement is the fact that sociums with extremist forms of dictate always at all epochs have tried to reduce to a minimum the contacts of their socium members with other sociums in these fields. Conclusions The conducted analysis shows that socium and structures of dictate at any given historical period are subject to influence of a superposition of factors of objective, external, and subjective, individual and also of social kind. Some of them have a quit define tendencies of their influence on dictate evolution as, for example, technological evolution, others have more complicated character with less defined tendencies of their influence on evolution exhibiting temporal jumps and regressions. An analysis of general tendency of dictate evolution in its profound essence can be conducted only accounting for a superposition of the considered factors that are external with respect to an individual and those introspective, psychological basements and determinants that are the foundation both of dictate presence and of its concrete character. Chapter 3 Basements of layers dictate: natural-scientific arguments; psychology of groups and

Civilization, socium, dictate, individual. State, policy, economy, production, individual. Global, social, collective, individual. Other logical chains can be mentioned that are aimed at a comprehension of humanity being and the basement of all of them is a man, a unit encompassing cosmos. His thoughts, ideals, purposes, creativity of a few and a primitive hedonism of a majority, all this, which is a characteristic from the beginning and making a basement of existence, has been staying unchangeable for millenniums. This basement has been coated with a cultural layer consisted of variable norms,

dogmas, bans, ideas, and symbols. These aspects are alien and quit often are created and conditioned by dictate. Not "dream of mind creates monsters of consciousness" (F. Goya. "Dream of mind".- Capriccios) but a necessity of suppression, a profound essence of dictate appeared together with flocks of mammals creates those freaks of psychology and those "summits of spirit" that are regarded as mankind's achievements. They include concepts of justice, honesty, moral, good, courage, common weal, self-sacrificing that are very suitable for dictate hierarchs and intensively proclaimed by them and their apprentices, but which almost never become a foundation, dominants of their own activations. An introspective, profoundly-psychological essence of dictate, preliminary features of which were presented in the previous chapters, stratifies an individual attitude to dictate into two basic components. The first is a subconscious complex of motivations of universal-hedonistic type moving a man and determining his vital activations and, the second, is a conscious-subconscious complex of motivations of quit various natures such as injected by dictate, opposing, assimilating, suppressing motivations of the first complex in order to make a conform stereotype of thinking, dogmas, purposes, and eventually a way of life. An interpretation of dictate evolution as a process of antagonism of these two complexes of motivations even at the first glance reveals its psychological roots in the classical theory of Freud and his followers in a part, where an interconnection is considers between conscious, subconscious, and unconscious as Id, I, super-I (Id, Ego, super-Ego). Interpretation of the problem is also explicitly connected with ideas of Plato ("Republic"), Aristotle ("Politics"), Kierkegaard (1) (1- See "Either/or", "Fear and trembling", "Fear to death", and also works of later existentialists in a basic aspect that is connected with ontology of individual existence.), Heidegger. In the present work on the whole and in this chapter in particular, ethical ideas are reflected of ancient Stoicism, for example, of Epictetus. "Man cannot be a master of another man, since his masters are fear, sorrows, external signs that he is afraid. He, who disdains corporal, does not afraid tyrant, he is really free, because nothing and never can bind his will. Freedom is attained not by satisfaction but by extermination of wishes. Attaining wealth, a man becomes a slave." The citation gives a base to the claim that the ethical side of dictate and its introspective essence were clear to thinkers of the most early formations. Some statements of Stoicism will be also cited further. Psychologism of history is not new but it usually considers variations of mass psychology or individuals (more often of the outstanding ones) as determinants and an essence of historical events. In present work, this method is not used in principle, since it presents an attempt to combine in a unity the immutable essences activating invariants of mentality and the infinite variable external world (2) (2 -- As mentioned above, the work of L. Gumilev "Ethnogenesis and biosphere of the Earth" composes a methodological unison with the present work.). It is difficult to deny the truth, reality, presence of invariants of individual psychology that determine basic activation manifestations (even if they are postulated a priori) at least for the main layers of socium that always necessary present in it structures: dictate hierarchs, dictate conductors, accompanying layers of dictate, negative-passionary layers of dictate, producers, out-of-dictate layers of creators and thinkers, contradictate infrastructural conglomerates. Some of the layers represent an incarnation of an objective necessity of socium and dictate existence, the others result from a contact of dictate and the basic determinants of individual psychology, of its motivation-activation basement. Construction of a model of historical evolution of mankind inevitably entails an integration of several essences starting from ontologicalexistential aspects of individual being to objective conditions of surrounding nature including psychology and physiology of individuals and social groups. A psycho physiological essence that was introduced by L.

Gumilev and called by him as passionarity is a very fruitful theoretical finding (3) (3- The "Occam's razor" is not applicable here, since an attempt of explanation of historical determinations using only objective or subjective factors has not allowed to create universal theories of socium evolution.) that gives a possibility to comprehend the most important phenomena of functioning socium. An appearance of the essence in this work results from an attempt to impart to it a real basement and to transfer it from a rank of theoretical, abstract ideas into a rank of natural-scientific, psychological, really reflecting motivations, vital notions of a man, i.e., functioning of his organ of mentality in connection with socium. A shortcoming of the theoretical constructions of L. Gumilev made on the basement of this essence is a postulation of it only as an immanent aspect of individual psycho physiology having an ability of a qualitative variation, and determination of historical events by an integral continuum of the essence in socium. Filling of the theoretical abstraction with its natural-scientific content and representation of it as a function of a large number of variables of subjective, objective, subjective-objective kind in its bilateral connections as with a proper man so with dictate in its physical and introspective incarnation, increases a cognitive and objective value of this category. The statement of the problem in such aspect demands a determination of the essences of individual's psycho physiology that are basic, principle, and determining his strategic vital manifestations (4) (4 -In general outline, these essences are presented in previous chapters), and determination of them in those terms and conceptions of science on mind, mentality, psychology that have a sufficiently settled arguments both empirical and analytical. From the previous account, an idea may arise that passionarity and the Freud libido are identical but it is not true, at least not completely true. Libido in its classical treatment presents a cardinal feature of passionarity that includes also several other components of quite various natures considered below. Being the most important component of a complex determinant of a person's activity, i.e. of passionarity, libido as an essence of Id imparts to passionarity its the most important features such as: limited continuum, subconsciousness, ability to transformation (sublimation), cardinality as an activating dominant, individual variations. For argumentations and completeness of further constructions, let us introduce several definitions of that component of passionarity (5) (5 -- All the definitions and interpretations are given in accordance with works of Z. Freud "Ego and the Id", "Totem and taboo", "Introduction into psycho analysis".) and of some connected with it theoretical structures of the Freud psychology. An objective essence of individual psycho physiology conditioning a united organization of spiritual, motivational aspects is designated as "I" of an individual. "This I is related with an idea that it has domination over incentives to movement, i.e., over carrying-out an excitement into external world. Id is a spiritual instance that controls all particular processes. . . This I also produces a supplanting, due to which certain spiritual incentives are subject to exclusion not only from consciousness but also from other fields of values and activities. These incentives excluded in analysis by supplanting starts to oppose themselves to I. . . " And further: "It is not difficult to be convinced that I is only a part of Id transformed under direct influence of external world. . . I tries also to help to external world influence on Id and assists in fulfillments of tendencies of the world trying to substitute the principle of enjoyment that undividedly rules over Id by a principle of reality. Perception has the same meaning for I as inclinations for Id. I is an embodiment of what can be called mind, reasonableness. . . A great functional meaning of I is expressed in the fact that under normal conditions I rules over intentions to movement. . ." (6) (6- Freud Z. "Ego and the Id".). Departing from the traditional treatments (of ontological kind) of that Freud's category and considering it in the context

of considered problem, it is quit clear that the Freud I is in its essence the conservative censor of life-providing motivations of hedonistic type, which are not manifested in conscious activations but are moving them. This is the very component, to which all actions of introspective dictate are eventually addressed, applied. An introspective foundation of external (physical) manifestations of dictate suppression is based on the very this component of functioning mind. Actions of frightening as a reality of perception become those censors of the Id's activations that are disloyal, contradictate. Namely to this activation of individual are addressed aspects of oppression as a physical one so as a primary introspective that are based on realities of external world such as a tenor of life, customs, taboo (of not ideally-mystic character), i.e., on introspections that are causal consequences of concrete perceptions but not the results of rational, ideal activations that represent the highest component of mind. "I seems to be form, to be separate from Id not only under influence of conscious perception but being also affected by another factor. The own body, first of all its surface is the place that can be a simultaneous source of both external and internal perceptions. . . Here, feeling of pain seems also to play a role." (7) (7Ibid.). Conflicts between the censor I and subconscious basement at some stage of intensification of dictate pressure of a negative-prohibitive kind (taboo) would inevitably result in subconscious break through, unless there were a complex influence of other components including super-I and Id. Over-I (SuperI) is, if it could be told, a censor of a higher rank. "From the beginning, psycho analysis has been ascribing to moral and aesthetics tendencies in I intentions of supplanting . . . All that biology and the fate of humankind have created in Id and fix in it, all of these is accepted in I as a form of ideal. . . Those in a individual spiritual life that has belonged to the deepest layers become due to creation of ideal I (super-I) the highest property of human soil in a sense of our estimates. . . It is easy to show that the ideal-I corresponds to all demands claimed for the highest beginnings in a man. . . An opinion of own insufficiency of I in comparison with its ideal induces a humble religion feeling that is used as a basement by passionate believers. Then in the course of development, the role of farther passes to teacher and authorities, precepts and bans are preserving their strength in ideal I fulfilling in that capacity of conscience a moral censorship. Religion, moral, and social feeling are the main content of the highest person" (8) (8 -- Of the highest hierarchy of cultural values). It is difficult to add anything to this detailed definition of the highest component of psychology, psycho genotype that is used as a basement by dictate in realization of introspective oppression and in which even stages of inculcation of negative purposes, motivations composing the basement of dictate are given. Canons of a loyal moral, dogmas of virtue and common weal, ideological doctrines from religious to communist-egalitarian, all the aspects of spiritual life of an individual connected with relationship of a man and socium in the context of dictate immanency with all its attributes are realized by this very substructure of psychotype. Super-I is the individual-psychological foundation, on which a negative-motivation component appears of all and any forms, a component of hedonism restriction and compulsion to asceticism to the benefit of hierarchs and the highest layers of dictate. The profound foundation of individual psychics and motivations determining basic vital activations is named by Freud by the symbol Id). The very this structure realizes a basic complex of hedonistic type motivations that determine the main vital manifestations. Unconscious psychic fields, in which this complex penetrates, are designated by word "Id". While motivations and countemotivations immanent to an individual and determined by I and super-I have a structure being worked out collectively, socially determined or externally, objectively determined, then Id having a universal essence, an essence of a general stereotype, at the same time determines the very principle

individuality of generated actions, the individuality that opposes itself as to socium so to other individuals of socium. In essence, Id is a basement of individuality of hedonist-egocentric kind and due to it a basement for contradictate motivations and activations of individuals and groups. Before turning to analysis of psychological basements of dictate, it is necessary also to give expanded treatments of hedonism, sublimation, passionarity, libido, accounting the context of work that suggests a more wide semantics of the terms, which are usual for psycho analysis and are applied mainly as a tribute to tradition. The term "hedonism" met often in the previous sections is used not quite in direct meaning (named after Hedone, the goddess of sensual satisfaction) of the word and is a broadening of the term of "principle of enjoyment" used by Freud. Hedonism in the interpretation used in present work implies a complex of all aspects of sensual enjoyment, satisfaction of vital requirements in food, shelter, defense against external enemies and troubles, inclination to comfort, striving for avoiding labor and necessity of personal participation in wars, ethnic collisions and for security, stability of way of life, denying changes and, what is the most important, striving to shift off the realization of these aspects on other shoulders, i.e., a contraposition of the complex of individual enjoyment to social asceticism. The domination of hedonism of Id in the whole structure of motivations of mammals is illustrated by an experiment with stimulation of a center of enjoyment of rats. The gist of experiment is like the following. A rat pushes a pedal and gets a pulse into electrodes implanted into a center of enjoyment. In the result, rats had been pushing the pedal continuously refusing from food up to the lethal end. Hedonism in that interpretation as an immanent feature of an overwhelming majority (10) (10 -- Since there is a small group of individuals not affecting dictate evolution but determining an evolution of thought, technology, for example such as Epictetus and Seneca, whose hedonism is so sublimated in creation that it rear reduces their motivations) of global socium is a category, socialindividual concretions of which are evolving with technological power of socium and possibilities of dictate. The evolution of the hedonism occurs differently for various dictate layers and various dictate forms, namely progressively for the highest layers and the highest forms of dictate and regressively for producers (the main oppressed group). The list of features of vital individuals' hedonism presented above clearly shows that this side of functioning mind, thinking, psychics, should be regarded as a sphere of subconscious (of unconscious in the Freud terms), i.e., the activations induced and determined by them break through of subconsciousness and hardly realized logically or in images. Even if a person feels a conscious striving to comfort, as it often argued both by a moral and different theories, the actions, mind concretions are a result of subconscious activity. The thesis is present in work of Freud as a "principle of enjoyment": "Sensations accompanied by feeling of enjoyment contain nothing prompting to action, on the contrary, sensations of displeasure contain this feature to the highest degree. They impel to changes, to perfection of movements" (11) (11- Freud "Ego and the Id"); in other words, a powerful moving moment, motivation is a striving to satisfaction. to enjoyment, more widely to hedonism. The second aspect of hedonism in that treatment is its direct connection with libidos (more widely, with passion) aspects of a psychotype. A degree of displeasure of oppressed hedonism is a measure of power of moving motivations, i.e., eventually, an aspect that determines a level of individual and, as a consequence, of collective passionarity (libidos in a wide treatment) is a deficiency of individual hedonism. From the other side, dictate in its essence is a social frame that in one or another degree restricts possibilities of hedonism of various dictate layers. There is a similar idea

of Freud: " Our culture is general is built on a suppression of passions (of hedonism.- V.K.). Every person waives a part of his dignity, his power, aggressive and vindictive inclinations. . . He, who can not due to his stubborn organization to suppress passion, comes out against society as a criminal (a negative passionary. - V.K.), as a renegade, unless his social place (in dictate hierarchy.- V.K.) and outstanding abilities allow him to promote. . ." (12) (12- Freud S. "Cultural sexual moral and current nervousness"). In other words, socium as a conglomerate of individuals having a unidirectionality of their motivations is an essence restricting hedonism of individuals. The power of socium depends on form, level, character, intensity of these restrictions that are imposed by I and super-I on that aspect of activity of Id. Another aspect of interconnection of hedonism and libido (passionarity) is related to forms of their sublimations. Desublimated libidos determines a causal hypertrophy of hedonism, and at the same time a sublimation of libido (inversion, transformation of passionarity) in the structure of Id determines a level of hedonism satisfaction and eventually a place in dictate hierarchy. The sublimation of these components is a function of I and super-I, i.e., of the components that are determined by external expediency and criteria of a cultural plan, i.e., by the very components, at which all actions and introspection of dictate are directed. A ring appears of effect and cause, initiations, concretions and activations -- mutually entangled in introspection 13) (13- As a category that describes all profound psychological sides, aspects of dictate's essence as a general category of socium) hedonism and libido (passionarity) determine a form and a character of dictate structures (14) (14- I.e., a ratio of different structures and layers of oppression, a level of satisfaction of their hedonism and as a consequence of that an efficiency of dictate.) that directly or indirectly through accompanying, out-of-dictate and contradictate layers influence an essence and an intensity of inverse sublimations of these categories. The second aspect of a psychotype determining a place of individual in hierarchy of dictate is an integrity of psychology components of a sadisticmasochistic kind. A presence in an intricate complex of actuating motivations, determining individual's thoughts, striving, actions, of sadistic and masochistic components of different intensity can hardly be doubted. The questions mentioned in the very beginning of introduction that are to some extent pathetic have a very profound sense. Dictate is combined not only with suppression (with all its immanent cruelties), not only with wars but what is the most important with a huge mass of producers, soldiers, hangmen of all ranges, who make dictate real and get for that quit a small hedonistic compensation, which is so small that hardly can explain their co-participation in dictate structure. A level of hedonism realized due to arbitrary circumstances determines only the main structures of dictate but a stability of system to great extent depends on a psycho genotype predisposition of dictate layers' members. For example, a mass of producers with a high level of aggression and prevailing in a structure of individual psychotype of sadistic components hardly can be hold in subordination by hierarchs under any refinings, any intensity of suppression. From the other side, a dictate conductor with masochistic dominants will not be an effective mean of dictate. Fear of death intensified by transformed libidos aspects of psychology is a powerful foundation of a vital aggression of a sadistic kind that is invested in Id and sublimated (to one or another degree) by categories injected by dictate into I and super-I. Prevailing of sadism in innate psychotype of an individual intensified by the above mentioned mechanism results in a formation of individuals and groups that are necessary for creation of layers of oppression's conductors. The psychological predisposition of functionaries of oppression to sadism is a basement for an increase of

efficiency of their influence on suppressed layers that to one or another degree determines an efficiency of existing concrete form of dictate. Individuals having weakened the mentioned above tendencies in psychics and a prevailing of striving to death in masochistic form (quit often it is so deeply unconscious that the breaks through into consciousness have a transformed form and often it is difficult (or impossible) to find out the sources) comprised a basement of another layer that is immanent to any dictate form -- of producers. They encompass not only individuals, who directly connected with production but also all of those, who secures dictate stability to external influences including soldiers (when they are used against external enemies), scientists, doctors, and so on. This psychotype inevitably implies weakening, lowering of level and intensity of libido that besides being a stimulator of mentioned above countratendenses (of sadistic-masochistic kind) is a stimulator, initiator of a vital activity, ability to function. A reduction of influence of aggressive component and prevailing of masochistic component result first of all in possibility to impose asceticism on producers and also determine those external, realized features (transformed unconscious) of psychotype that determine their place in dictate hierarchy such as: activation indecision, lack of thoughts, lack of initiation, striving to stereotypes, to conformity, lack of realization of individual being, lack of creative basement, primitivism, truncated hedonism, and so on. " The most of people prefer to work hard, beyond all measures only to spare themselves from the necessity to think" (T.A. Edison). These features are partly determined by a striving to stereotype, conformity, a conscious foundation of which is complicated, deep, and versatile. That thought in developed form is expressed by M. Heidegger: "Man is building his behavior on a base of conventional. They say so, do so, think so. . . It is better to grovel on the ground like a worm than to fly in the sky as a bird. . . He does not want to see anything besides an every day experience." A Chines captain of VI c. (?)Syn-Tsy expressed the thought that is quite in consonance with that statement: "If soldiers know much, they will have their own thoughts and it will be difficult to drive them like sheep without information on where to and what for." So attribution to the dictate layers of conductors and producers is conditioned by a sum of two components, one of which is a complex of external influences and the second is much greater and is connected with a psycho genotype structure in a form of some variations (of Id (15) (15 -- In concretions of Id, there are two main tendencies of aggression , sadistic and masochistic, since masochism is an aggression with reverse sign, directed on itself.), I, and super-I) The question that arises by itself is - What gives birth to dictate hierarchs, i.e. what peculiarities of psycho genotype similar or opposite to the mentioned above (16) (16 -- Taking into account that these components of psychic to some or other degree are immanent to all individuals) make an ideological, motivation, activation foundation of hierarchs? When belonging to the two mentioned above dictate layers exhibits some regularities in the psychotype peculiarities, hierarchs as a layer of dictate represent a mixed conglomerate of all possible genotypes. It is difficult to find the dominants of psychology that differentiate individuals of the layer from other dictate layers because it includes both sadists of very radical kind such as Nero, antic despots, Ivan the Terrible, (?)Saudelers and masochists of paranoid kind such as Hitler, Stalin, current mediocrities, and so on. The history of evolution of that dictate layer demonstrates practically the whole palette of human's psychologies except for one psychotype that is cardinally different of any others, which are included or more exactly are self assigned to dictate structure. This type -- out-of-dictate creators -- will be considered later. Consideration of history in the aspect of hierarchs' psychotypes brings us

to a paradoxical conclusion: at epochs when the principle of hierarch's heredity is violated, the layer of dictate is mainly formed not from representatives of conductors and executors of dictate as it can be expected but from producers. Conductors of dictate become hierarchs only at epochs of ethic disintegration or at a preliminary stage of state collapse (17) (17- Praetorians and soldiers' emperors of Rome, shah Reza in Iran, mamelukes, military dictatorships in South America, and so on.) and under other circumstances it happens only as exclusions. This statement can be conformed by many historical arguments that cove not only epochs of revolutions and riots but also stable periods of history. Any fact, aspect of co-participation of an individual in dictate hierarchy has psychological roots, basement and this is also true of the phenomenon under consideration. An explanation is in a complex of sadistmasochists tendencies in their interconnections with hedonistic basement that was described above for these layers of socium and dictate. Prohibitive aspects of dictate for producers, taboo introduced in consciousness with the help of physical and introspective means and methods are only an additional instrument of conformation and stereotypization of motivations. The basement is an involvement in unified structure with hedonistic teleology, initiation of individual's self-assignment to dictate structure that is stimulated by a possibility of satisfaction on his hedonism on a primitive level. Those features of producers mentioned above are only a frame, faces of this basement. We can not help but cite thoughts of Epictetus: "A slave never wants freedom for everybody. He needs slavery only for others". Nobody is free (spiritually) in dictate structure: all are slaves in it from hierarchs to lumpen namely due to unity of a motivational dominant based on hedonism. As it happens in many phenomena of being, extreme cases are united and producers with their miserable hedonistic basement become emperors of hierarchs with the same basement but with larger potentials. Slaves become tzars introducing their slavery moral in socium foundation. Of great importance for dictate existence is an accompanying layer called so for its formal non-involvement in dictate structure. It does not produce, suppress, maximize its hedonism, but its individuals realize (or help to realize, depending on dictate form) several functions of introspective suppression in particular ideological ones connected with influence on I, super-I and subconsciousness. Individuals of the layer are in some sense creators (18) (18 -- Although being prostituted by dictate, they generate some spiritual products including ideology, arts, and so on), so they immanently should have a passionarity transformed in creation. Presence of the component in conjunction with creative talent makes a man a creator. However, a creator of what and how? Structure of Id is stable and an influence of I and super-I on it is manifested only in stimulation or suppression of consciously exhibited activations that present a basement of psychology and mind. So belonging to the structure seems to be determined by the ratio of the last two components of consciousness. Dictate realities concretized in social, economical, cultural, and so on structures and eventually in collective psychology are reflected in individuals' perception (of this layer in particular) as an objective reality with immanent laws (19) (19 -- With laws in general, but what is more important, with regularities of satisfaction of hedonism corresponding to "principle of enjoyment" of subconsciousness.) and relationships. Prevailing of the component while having minimal punishing function of super-I with respect to loyal to dictate activations connected with prostituting of passionary activations results in a situation, when existing reality of dictate become initiators of spiritual prostitution of the layer individuals acting to please their hedonism of Id. Repressive function of super-I, although not strong enough for prevailing of the highest aspects of spirit in passionarity, results in their collisions and become a reason of inferiority in creation activity suitable only for fooling of producers,

conductors and other layers of dictate including the accompanying layer itself. Sometimes influence of perception (indirectly, through I) on motivation essence becomes so strong that touches subconsciousness. In that case, acts of creation become not simple a loyal hack-work (necessary, for example, in creation of ideology) but works of art. However, they never reach the level of real philosophy, which is a product of the highest tension of creative passionarity that cannot be straitened by frames of a miserable ideological base of a concrete form of dictate (20) (20 -- The level, tension of philosophical thought is often regarded as connected with objective reasons. However, they only initiate what is present and produce nothing new, i.e., surrounding conditions only facilitate (or not) manifestations of philosophical passionarity.), i.e., ideology-moral taboo transformed in super-I. Works of this kind serve as a direct instrument for imposition, injection of spirit stereotypes in consciousness and even in subconsciousness of suppressed including not only dogmas of ideology and legislative taboo and encouragements but also transcendental ideas of spirit, perception, moral, beauty, expediency, wealth (21) (21- Sometimes it influences up to such incredible degrees that in perversive perception of producers the killings, bloodshed, treachery, lie, hunger, deformity, privation is presented as weal, as a manifestation of humanity, beautiful, good.). Since a complex of sadistmasochistic components of the layer does not play a decisive role in selfassigning to dictate structure and sublimation of libido (passionarity) has an especially creative character, so a causal reduction of a level and intensity of hedonism of Id determines an immanent reduction (or a lack, in some cases) of contradictate passionarity, an increase of a role of conscious, injected aspects of psychological loyalty and self-assignment to a concrete form and structure of dictate. Besides especially creative beginnings of an individual, his dominating belonging to the layer is determined by a ratio of I and super-I. The role of I was discussed above. In the case of correspondence of an individual to the functions of the layer, his super-I (the highest aspects of censorship of mind's structure) should have a structure, i.e., a complex of dogmas, notions, motivations, moral that corresponds to the maximal level of loyalty to dictate from the point of view of hedonistic requirements of hierarch. In other words, a derivative of personal activity, a manifestation of personal concretions should become a determining component of activity. Besides that, this determination should vary with variation of stimulation of I (22) ( -- In the case when realities of dictate and its external determinants are varying during the whole active life of an individual), i.e., super-I of an individual, who is functionally optimal for the layer should have a sufficient flexibility, or more exactly, amorphism (23) (23 -- It accounts for periodic extermination of ideological adepts of extremist forms (mazdakism, Mao Tse-Tung, Robespierre)). It means that the internal variable (according to Tolman) and combined determinants of activity to great extent are determined by a structure and a character of perception and by a character of perceived objectivity. For individuals of the layer, an external objective expediency of motivations determines eventual activations as directly through hypertrophied I, so indirectly trough deformation and plasticity of super-I that both fulfill a complex censorship of a partly sublimated hedonism of Id. The next group of socium that is necessary for evolution of dictate and socium itself can be called contradictate or contradictate-passionary. Although the term "contra" is present in the definition but this group is as immanent to any dictate structure as producers and hierarchs. This contradictate group should not be mixed with other groups that are motivationally oriented on actions connected with a forcible change of state formation such as revolutionaries, rioters, and so on, whose members usually are negative passionaries having a hypertrophied hedonism and a middle or low intellect, who are as much the slaves of spirit as the most obedient producers but with

powerful strive, with powerful moving motives for their own hedonistic prevailing in socium. These groups will be considered later. As for contradictate passionaries, they have peculiarities of psycho genotype, those motivation dominants that bring an individual to a self-assigning to the group irrespective of dictate form or epoch of evolution. Contradictate passionaries are a comparatively small group of socium individuals that does not profess consciously or subconsciously hedonism as a single and a prevailing determinant of vital activities. The group (but not a layer of dictate as it is out-of-dictate according to the spirit), while not determining the concrete individual and social aspects of evolving socium, generate ideas of individuals, which change face of civilization. Individuals of the group are creators of the highest level, passionaries of spirit of the highest tension. These summits of mind, spirit, passionarity (always sublimated) are the motive force of civilization in all its aspects and, due to being out-of-dictate and completely denying dictate stereotype, they can inspire members of the slavery structure of dictate with admiration (to those who think), astonishment ( to those who have primitive hedonism), perplexity, rejection, hatred. They are a personification (negative) of the life philosophy that is antagonistic to overwhelming majority and due to it is rejected by the majority. They include gymnosophists, Socrates, Diogenes, ascetics, mystic hermits of all times, fanatics of cognition and faith, theoreticians (but never practices) of egalitarianism, those who were buried in oblivion (24) (24 -- In majority of cases, recognition, i.e., encouragement of hedonism of a creator by hierarchs, means his prostitution in favor of dictate requirements; fame often (but not always) is connected with leaving the group and with self-assignment to dictate.) and occasionally became famous (Rodin, Hemingway, and so on), artists, writers, scientists. The highest censor of consciousness, super-I, of these individuals is reaching an unprecedented power due not only to psycho genotype peculiarities but also due to the titanic power of hedonism of Id that is sublimated by intellect of super-I into manifestation of genius of creative mind. Their I with the immanent criteria of an external adequacy, expediency to reality, adaptation has a minimum influence (or lack at all) on the results of functioning of mind, mentality, because it is suppressed by hypertrophied super-I and a creative structure of psychotype that is a product of a hypertrophy of sublimated hedonism and intellect. A deep subconscious character of motivational dominants of the group's persons makes powerless traditional methods and means of introspective compulsion and involvement. Requirements of a powerful intellect to activity so strongly sublimate a hypertrophied hedonism of Id that individuals of the group are practically completely alienated from external attributes of hedonism even sometimes, in the case of mystical accentuation of mind, in the most radical form (for example, gyimnosophists or ascetics). Depending on character of dictate , its form, stage of technology development and power of external deforming determinants, an attitude to this group varies from physical extermination to liberal connivance of the activity and ever to posthumous glorifying when such individuals are not dangerous to dictate and their works can be misinterpreted. At a period of dictate form flourishing (25) (25 -- More often, it is an autocracy or an oligarchy under a guise of democracy) with a low level of technology (at a level that exclude a necessity of development of a collective intellect of socium for the purposes of competition.) the contradictate passionaries are exterminated (Anaximander, Socrates, cyniks, Bruno, Copernicus, and others). A development of technology determines a necessity in powerful ideas and not only in concrete sciences, so individuals of the group become necessary or tolerable (Kierkegaard, anarchists, Nietzsche, Goya, Bosch, Rodin, and others). The attitude seems to be determined by external, visible and in the first place understandable even to average minds contradictate face of these individual's works. Complexity,

ability to be understood only by an intellectual elite makes them less dangerous to dictate in hierarchs' eyes. Contradictateship of Goya or Epictetus is more reticent than of anarchists or Solzhenitsyn, so the attitude to them is also differentiated. A sublimation power of hedonistic basement of Id is very big and a tolerance of hypertrophied mentality corresponds to it, so sadistmasochistic components of motivational determinants are leveled and their influence on structure of motivations become minimal, that becomes another reason of the absent of self-assigning to dictate, alienation from it. The basement of dictate -- an introspective suppression -- does not work. So it is left only either to exterminate or, not paying attention, to tolerate their presence due to the necessity as it is confirmed by the above mentioned examples. None of dictate systems can manage without presence in it of negativepassionary (in words of L. Gumilev) individuals, who represent some transformation of contradictate passionaries. While powerful intellect of contradictate passionaries sublimates not less powerful hedonism of Id, a shortage of intellect of negative passionaries combined with a comparable (by power) hedonism of libido-passionary kind results in transformation of the censor of super-I along with a change of weight of I in a whole structure of motivational determination. A perception combined with I of an individual, being a structure of reflection in consciousness of dictate realities, results in a reduction of moral censorship of super-I and becomes a reason for transformation of sublimated activations of libido (passionarity). In other words, passionarity is transformed from a determinant of social benefit, weal into a determinant of individual benefit at the expense of social (and consequently, of dictate). In the layer, a sadist character of motivations prevails, i.e., an aggression is directed outside at other individuals of socium. The whole complex of it: hypertrophy of a hedonistic basement of Id, enlargement of the weight of external perception and I as an arbiter of expediency of external aggression and reduction of moral criteria -- results in appearance in structure of such negative passionaries as: criminals of all kinds, lumpen, prostitutes, and so on. An existence of the layer has a foundation not only in differentiation of psychotypes but also in social sphere. Just the presence of the very layer was a prompting pulse that initiated an appearance of suppression infrastructures, penitentiary systems, which later were regenerated into systems of total suppression. In a more simple form the thought is present in many theories and works (Plato, Aristotle, Epictetus, Machiavelli, Rousseau, Montaigne, Helvetius, and others). Intermediate conclusions From the previous section, a reader could draw a conclusion that real structures of concrete, historically known dictate forms, present social constructions manned namely according to the above mentioned psychological determinants, peculiarities of psychotype. If it were so, dictate system would present a realization of principle of social-dictate expediency (27) (27 -The essence of the principle will be discovered in the following sections.) and be a concretion of maximum efficiency, metaphysically stationary. However, dictate layers are not uniformly-gray, monotonous in their psychological coloring structures with the standard features of psychotype mentioned above in the previous section. Interconnection, interaction, mutual influences of psychological motivations of socium individuals in frames of realities of all dictate aspects results in the fact that dictate layers are often realized as conglomerates of psychotypes different from the optimum described above. The reason is that dictate layers are formed not according to the principle of functional self-assignment together with principle of socialdictate expediency but according to objective, natural-social realities of dictate existence. There are many historical examples

confirming the statement. Conversion of producers into slaves by selling of individuals, who were previously free, under all cruelties of slavery rear resulted in dictate collisions just due to the correspondence of psychotypes of producers-slaves to a necessary stereotype. The situation had changed when prisoners of war were converted into slaves. Presence among them of a significant sublayer of passionary, aggressive individuals with powerful hedonistic motivational foundation resulted in situation when social collisions inside dictate structures occurred more often and more severe in their consequences for dictate. Suffice it to recollect rebellions of (?)zingy, Spartacus, and so on. Non-adequacy of individuals' psychotype comprising dictate layers does not obligatory result in social collisions. However, it determines efficiency, stability of a given dictate form, period of its existence. For example, there is a dictate structure that is realized in state laws, combination of ethical and moral norms (28) (28 -- Norms that are really present in socium but not those that are declared by demagogic ideology of dictate.) of socium and results in a situation, when assigning to accompanying layer is connected with a high level of satisfaction of hedonism and with proximity to hierarchs. Besides that, the structure in this hypothetical case is of a such type (29) (29 -- For example, under hypertrophy of bureaucratic apparatus) that functioning of its elements (officials, individuals) is activated not according to objective criteria but arbitrary from the point of view of dictate interests. It results in situation when worthless ideologists and creators of introspective oppression lack ability to make efficient ideological foundations of dictate and a unbalance, deviation between life realities and ideology is widening. An influence of introspective component is reduced, which have to be compensated with intensification of physical suppression. Eventually, it increases a divergence of motivations of socium individuals and dictate and reduces vital abilities of dictate form. There are many examples of that in history of any ethnoses from ancient times to the present moment. The content of the given section -- analysis of stereotypes of psychology of individuals of various dictate layers -- is used as a basement of the following analysis of psychology of socium groups, dictate layers in their interconnection with the general process of dictate evolution. Natural-scientific foundation of psychological model of dictate evolution

Before going to psychology of layers, dictate groups in their interconnection and their evolution and to dictate evolution as a whole, it is appropriate to consider the foundations of the model of socium evolution with accounting for particular models, theories, empiricism from concrete sciences connected with a man, with his mentality. An argumentation of a model only with reasons of psychological or introspective-philosophical kind, in spite of all their attraction and applicability, has a shortcoming that it is a derivative of rational, without of any trustworthy empiricism, because a treatment of historical events as in any other rational theory may be very different depending on a structure of postulates and an essence of a model of historic genesis. Basing only on psychological rationalism results in a closed ring of speculative ideological structures, speculative items -- rational postulates, rational models, rational extrapolations. Neuroanatomical and indirect neurostructural arguments If we accept as a postulate a wide spread point of view on structural causal determination of psychological activation, i.e., a structural dislocation (to one or another degree clearly determined) of psychological functions in human's brain, than the arguments in favor of theoretical statements

considered above (30) (30 -- In essence, they are the applied variations of combined statements of Freud, Tolman, Kierkegaard, Heidegger and to less degree of L.Gumilev.) should be looked for by analyzing brain structures of mammals having various levels of complexity of social behavior (31) (31 -- Accounting for united genetical and consequently, psycho genotype basements of mammals' psychology in their evolution from tribe to human society.). Animals having gregarious way of life always exhibit developed to some or other degree dictate relationships in a flock's infrastructure. Experiments of J.B.Calhoun (National institute of Mental Health) with rats conducted (in a scale of a big population) under conditions connected with external perturbations have shown astonishing results especially from this work's point of view. A complicated hierarchy was organized among rats that included: hierarchs satisfying their demands in food and females; suppressed with a minimal dose of their demand satisfaction; a group of negative-passionary rats with all attributes of criminal behavior including thefts, robbery, killings, eating of other rats. Hierarchic structures of other mammals especially in a close proximity to man, for example, monkeys also exhibit a row of dictate features. So the presence of dictate in socium is connected with brain structures, functioning of which in some sense is uniform for all mammals and is not connected with the highest aspects of brain activity such as logical mentality, aspects extrapolating experience in associations, creation, and so on. However, it is possible to tell about unification only in a general consideration because the complexity of human socium is comparable with nothing and the highest aspects of mentality as shown above play a very important role in evolution of dictate and socium. A stability of gregarious relationships of the lowest mammals seems does not depend on variations of external perturbations and is accounted for just by a lack of the highest aspects of mentality, psychology. In other words, appearance of dictate is conditioned by the psychological reasons, motivations that are immanent to all mammals in their social contradictions (and producing them mentality structures) but dictate evolution is determined by an interconnection of external perturbations conjugated in consciousness and by those essences of mind that are cardinal for dictate appearance. Rats and monkeys lack the acts of self-sacrifice for the highest ideals, dogmas but they have a powerful charge of hedonism -- the psychological foundation of any dictate. Anatomic differences of mind structures of various mammals in evolving row are given in the following works: The Brain. Scientific America(?), 1979; Metaphorical Brain. Arbib M.A. Wiley and son, 1972. Abstracting from pure quantitative measures of brain, it is necessary to mark two main structural tendencies: 1) appearance and hypertrophy (in human) neocortex; 2) enlargement of a sensor projection of brain structure in the whole structure. Along with this, there is also a comparatively conservative structure that is related neither with sensor nor with regulatory (homeostatic) functions of brain -ancient cortex. For further analysis, it is necessary to consider another fact related to structural-functioning peculiarities of mammals' brain. Damages of various sections of neocortex, as clinical practice shows, result in disappearance, leveling of some aspects of function-psychological kind relevant to the highest aspects of thinking such as: prolonged extrapolation of motive-behavior acts, estimate and self-estimate of objects and introspections, realizing of motivational initiations, and so on. Instead of these, a feeling of the whole comfort and satisfaction appears with lack of sense of antagonism to objectivity, discomfort, displeasure, which are the motive determinants of behavior. So neocortex as a brain structure, undoubtedly, localizes those aspects of its functioning that connected with the Freud rational component of psychotype - with super-I, with the highest censor of moving motivations. This fact together with the empirically trustworthy fact of evolution hypertrophy of sensor sections of brain allows to dislocate a structure of I

that is directly connected with perception of realities of objective world with an estimate of expediency of motivations, in a continuum of brain structures connected with sensor perception. The description of structures and interconnections of concrete brain structures related with perception is given in work of Milner, Physiological psychology and in mentioned above work of Arbib. The structural determination and dislocation of the Freud components of psychology and their following evolution are sufficiently weighty arguments that empirically confirm the objectivity of these psychological, rationally introduced essences. A correspondence of subconsciousness, introspectively-deep motivational foundation of Id to the ancient cortex, I to the sensor and sensor-motor brain structures and super-I to the neocortex has a sufficiently firm foundation (see, for example, The Brain. Scientific America(?), 1979. works of Milner, Shagas(?), (?)Tomar, and others). While statements of W. Hoyt(?) and M. Feyrtag(?) in work "Organization of Brain" (see book "The Brain") undoubtedly truly reflect a place of neuroanatomical models in the whole structure of cognition of mentality (32) (32 -- " Paying attention only to connections inside brain, namely to origination and purposes of various systems of fibers, we can create only ruff draft. . . In this way, we completely miss an item, over which human has been pondering for millenniums, a mysterious essence of brain".), which considerably reduce the values of such arguments, nevertheless, the empiricism of the arguments, statements increases the value of theoretical, rational structures that lay in foundation of the work. The anthropological factor -- an enlargement of neocortex in the process of evolution of man-likes and (?)pre-men -- is the second argument in favor of determination of dictate evolution (but not of its presence) by the development of neocortex as a place of dislocation of super-I, of the highest censor, especially when we consider that fact together with the consequences of neocortex pathology discussed above. In other words, namely collisions of the highest aspects of consciousness, perception and subconscious hedonism determine the motivations of individuals and stereotypes of groups that determine dictate evolution. A reduction of influence, determination of motivations of super-I (neocortex) results in disappearance of especially human form of dictate -in disappearance of intention to actively oppose to external factors but not to behave abnormally as it was described in the experiment with rats. A determination of motivations by structures of expediency with respect to objective realities, by structures of adaptations of behavior acts that are functionally located (33) (33 -- Here, as before, location does not means a physical positioning. In semantic, it is closer to the sense that this structure determines mainly those aspects, functions, motivations, which are considered.) in the ancient cortex, and by subconscious hedonism results in appearance of reflector arcs, activational concretions of a motivation basement connected with passive or instinctive reaction on an external perturbation such as: to run away, to fight with competing male, to snatch food, to change an inhabitant area, and so on. Preliminary dominants, preambles of a structural organization of brain and its causal (according to the postulates presented an the beginning of the section) activations, as shown by the above mentioned experiments on behavior of animals, are a presence of subconscious activations of the ancient cortex, the developed structures of perception including structures of sensor associations and extrapolation potentials, and a necessary differentiation of characteristics of vital aggression, of domination of individuals in socium (flock) for the people having a form of desublimated libido (passionarity) as a functional aspect of the ancient cortex. These characteristics of brain are peculiar to mammals at the stage of evolution, at which a tendency to gregarious way of live appears, i.e., to such form of socium that implies an existence of primitive forms of dictate. A development of brain, which is a product of all aspects of mentality and psychic, results in development of those its structures that realize new functions, activations, new psychological concretions

and namely from this period a phase of dictate evolution starts as a form of people's socium. Let us consider another sum of empirical data relevant to brain functioning in the context of the work. The question concerns a structural determination, an adequacy of brain structures and functional activations connected by affecteffect acts, i.e., connected directly with perception structures, external relations and objects and with a level of expedient behavior. It is established by many researches that a part of brain functions is sufficiently strictly structurally localized and another part has quit vague structural positions. At the first glance, these facts may look as not relevant to the essence of psychological determinants of dictate and socium evolution but it is not so. The functions of brain that exhibit a sufficiently clear location-structural determination are connected with perception and generation of reactions on external perturbations, on objects and relations of external world, which are not connected with cultural, social, ideological, and so on problems, i.e., with the highest subjective determinants of behavior (35) (35 -- One of the highest components of "internal variable" according to Tolman). They include vision, hearing, somatosensory and other sensor structures of brain. Another structure corresponds to those sides of man's life that are connected with culture and mentality. It is a cortex, subcortex, and so on. A determination, structurally-localized positioning of the sensor brain functions that directly fulfill acts of perception and connected to them acts of expedient behavior is the reason that teaching, adaptation to external objects and relations represent a finite continuum of reactions - stereotypes, reflector acts similar to the mentioned above. A finiteness of continuum of simple reactions on affecter actions determines the fact that a minimization of motivational determinations by the highest censor of combined cultural aspects of thinking results in domination of those aspects that directly reflect external objective essences and relations regarding them as the only group of essencesdeterminants. Of cause, it takes place in an ideal case, when subconsciousness, Id (the ancient cortex in functional activations of a hedonistic-libidos kind) is little active, i.e., when a subconscious determination of moving motivations is neutralized, leveled by actions of internal and external factors, mainly of dictate kind. A lack of structural localization, of essential determination of the highest human functions of mentality, brain, thinking is the reason that imposition, injection of cultural dogmas, purposes, theories in consciousness with the help of teaching in various realities (37) (37 -- Here, teaching has not only traditional meaning but includes individual's comprehension of relations of objective world, development of individual's associations, abilities to generalizations, and so on.) results in different reactions. As the reactions are a product of introspective determinants (in stereotyped external conditions), so a dissipation, varying-individual stochasticity of structures producing these highest determinants are conditioned by forming of those variants of psycho genotypes that serve as a foundation of dictate in socium and its evolution. If we accept as real, as correspondent to real situation, the theory of gestalt-perception (Wertheimer) (38) (38 -First, the theory of image perception well agrees with many structural theories (nets, complete associations, and so on), second, it is doubtful that theory of atomistic perception can be applied without introduction of additional essences such as the highest coordinator of a mystic kind or somebody alike.), i.e., perception of external objective world as a whole thing (Gestalt) with immanent features and relations, then it results in interpretation of reactions on affective influence as probable reactions that are adequate to associations determined both by a character of affective essences and to much great extent by a condition of reacting brain, i.e., by introspective structural determinants. That statement can also be regarded as an argument of an experience character in favor of psychological foundation of the present work. Neuro physiological empirical arguments confirming psychological foundations

of the work are conditioned by a character of neuron and secretion activity. As the first factors, we can rank, for example, the processes activated by hypothalamus, which, besides regulatory processes of salt, water exchange, and so on, determine a sense of hunger, and together with limbic system influences emotions and motivations of a person. An established by experience localization of mediators in brain tissues, for example, of monoamines: noradrenalin, dopamine, (?)serotine, plays an important role from this work's point of view, since, for example, noradrenalin neurons turn out to take part in functioning of the center of enjoyment, in regulations of mood. From the other side, some aspects of brain activity, its peculiarities, motivations are determined by an influence of hormones of an external kind with respect to brain, such as testosterone that besides many other functions determines a level of aggression. A bilateral regulation of behavior structures by endocrine factors testifies that the main life-securing structures of behavior as well as hedonism (enjoyment), passionarity (libido) are served by subconscious activity of brain, because the hormonal activity we consciously feel only at a final stage as wishes, feelings, emotions sometimes with conscious categories accompanying them. Cardinal subconscious motivations passing into consciousness are stimulated further or are suppressed by a center of consciousness. Aspects of censorship, undoubtedly connected with figurative and logical thinking, are the very thing that differs the profound essence of a human socium from a socium (flock) of animals. A structure of dictate in flock is determined by external and subconscious dominants of individual such as: comparative sizes, force, level of aggression (level of testosterone) and represents a primitive of physical dictate. A development of thinking (not of its apparatus but its products: thoughts, images, categories, and so on, which are necessary to socium for its vital provisions (39) (39 -- For example, a necessity to defend those individuals, who are weak by body but clever from arbitrary actions of the strong ones results in a system of taboo, customs, laws, regularities of majority.)) entails a complication of relations and a deviation from the primitive dominants of dictate. The presented above brief analysis of empirical results arguing the basic psychological statements of the work allows us to say that the postulated essences and the theoretical constructions on their basements have not only the rational, introspectively speculative but also the naturally-scientific foundation. The next step anticipating a cognition of direct dictate evolution will be an analysis of psychology of social groups comprising dictate structures and being composed of separate persons unique in their individualities. Psychology of dictate layers as its evolution basement A thesis was mentioned above briefly that an individual's stereotype immanent to a dictate layer represents the variant of psychotype of dictate layer that secures the most efficient functioning of the dictate layer and of the whole form in favor of socium and hierarchs. According to the Maslow theory confirmed by a large amount of experimental data a dominating psychotype comprises about 5% of the mammal population volume as among rats so among people. At a phase of dictate formation, of its prosperity, a major part of these 5% is absorbed by the dictate layers that are directly connected with fulfillment of dictate including conductors, executors, accompanying layers. At a static dictate phase (40) (40 -- An analogy between phases of dictate and ethnogenesis has a more profound meaning than a simple similarity. The two forms of socium are based on self-assignment, both are determined by similar introspective essences but their genesis may be asynchronous.), when belonging to suppression layers, connected with satisfaction of hedonism to greater degree than among producers, becomes a cast attribute not connected with a functional adequacy of an individual: at that case cast is inherited, a conglomeration occurs in dictate layers of individuals

with various psychotypes. Individuals having psychotype of producers penetrate into layer of executors, the dominated, passionated individuals with a powerful libido-hedonistic basement of motivations -- in producers, the untalented individuals with a primitive hedonism of a utilitarianmaterial kind - in accompanying layer. As for hierarchs, they are composed of anybody from slaves by psychology to possessed maniacs and pathologic sadists. Instead of a functional unidirectionality of motivations conditioned by similarity, by stereotype of the main (41) (41 -- Of course, not all concrete vital actions but only the main, strategically vital activations of individuals.) motivations of layer psychotypes, a continuum of layers is transformed into a sum of motivations (in each layer and in a whole dictate structure) of quit different directions. A real socium is transformed into a structure that is introspectively very complicated without brightly expressed, right away clear laws of psychological determinants of evolution of dictate and socium. However, it is a superficial conclusion. The essence of introspective foundation of dictate evolution genesis is accounted for by the above described psychology stereotypes of dictate layers together with some laws of groups', collectives' psychology. The data of the Maslow experiments and of the theory will play not the last role here. Even in the case when the 5% of dominating individuals are evenly distributed, dissipated over all layers, i.e., if we suggest that 5% of each layer will be dominating (that can be after a prolonged evolution and a mixture of genofund that result in the even distribution), than the influence of these dominating persons on structure of layers, their motivations, on deformation of their collective actions will be different depending on a phase of dictate evolution, structure concretions, and so on. Let us consider structural changes of a motivational basement of layers in connection with diffusion of other psychotypes (42) (42 -- The dominating individuals are introduced as the main determinant, since passive individuals are only a material for processes of socium but are not an initiating essence.). Since hierarchs determine an efficiency of dictate form at an extremely small degree (43) (43- Or at a great degree but for a short period of their own life that objectively plays no role in the total process of dictate evolution), so we will start consideration of these group introspective deformations with a layer of conductors and executors of suppression. Let us suggest that due to numerical prevailing of producer layer at an epoch of static stage of dictate a layer of conductors in a process of mutual dissipation, diffusion is formed at the expense of producer layer, i.e., is replenished by individuals having a stereotype of psychotype, motivation-determination basement that is characteristic of individuals of the very forming layer. It means that the layer of dictate conductors includes in that case individuals having low passionarity, regressive libido dominant, lack or low level of intellect (compare to creators or accompanyings), domination of I, formation of super-I mainly by realities of external world, by realities of suppression, a minimal component of super-I in essence of sublimated libido, a domination of masochist component in complex of dominants. As the list of the main dominants of producer stereotype shows, there are no dominants that would come in antagonism, contradict to the purposes of the suppression layer. Some of them reduce a functional efficiency of that element of structure, others are indifferent to its aim destination but they are not in antagonism with its functional expediency. From the other side, the share of dominating individuals that due to social diffusion are invested in a layer of producers due to peculiarities of their psychotype turns to be a character of the group's dominant, a dominant of the group behavior. "There is no need to have many zealots, their role is to lead behind them slaves submissive as sheep" ((?)Syn Tsy). The dominating individuals irrespective of factual belonging determined by social, political, ethical, or any other reasons are the carriers of such

amount of psycho motivational dominants that make them a motive force initiating and increasing efficiency of any dictate layer. This factor of group psychology -- psycho motivational initiation of functional activation of dictate layers by dominating individuals -- is negated or minimized in those dictate forms, where the determining factor of individual belonging to a layer is a case, i.e., a belonging from birth to some or other cast, social layer, dictate layer. These casts should not be associated with the tradition meaning of "classes" as elements of infrastructure of socium economical life (according to Marx). Inherited military casts of Prussia, estates of ancient Egypt, trading estates of all times, informal casts of extremist forms being not classes from any point of view represent at the same time closed forms of layers and sublayers of dictate. In that case due to a numerical prevailing of producers, the major part of dominating individuals is left in a layer of producers. Having no ability to exhibit their main feature connected with striving to domination, to social and hedonistic prevailing (as in the case when they become conductors) and using subconscious complex and sublimated-conscious plan, they transform their aggression, domination into forms connected with various realities of a negative passionarity: criminal, socially inverse, rebellion. That transformation gives birth to big criminals, organized crime, piracy, revolutionaries (44) (44 -- Irrespective of declared ideology of all those "revolutionaries", who do not belong to contradictate individuals, i.e., who pursue the aim to establish a new form of dictate headed by them, of cause.) of all kinds, among women they become feminists, apologists of perversions and deniers of family's forms of dictate (45) (45 -- Their number is less, because as shown above women due to peculiarities of their conservative psychotype to greater extent are introspective adepts of dictate.). Another factor of producer investment in the layer of conductors in an introduction into the whole psycho motivational conglomerate of the layer of those peculiarities of psychotype that are connected with striving to stereotype, lack of initiative, orientation on structures of expedient behavior in accordance with objective relations reflected by perception (by I). Introduction of these features in structure of oppression results in reduction of efficiency of layer functioning, because the complex of producers' features implies a striving to subordination that represents a transformation of masochist component of motivations. A lack of contradictions between producer's psychotype and the functional purpose of conductor layer does not reduce the fact of non-correspondence, inadequacy of producer's psychotype and those of conductor of suppression. A tendency of the initiative individuals of dominating kind to a passive fulfillment of other's will results in bureaucratization of the structure and at a stage of hypertrophy to self-containing, functional self-sustaining of the layer. At that stage, for dictate the layer becomes a "thing-in-itself", because they start to function only in their own favor irrespective of a favor of dictate on the whole and of their own predestination. In that case, an outcome of evolution is often a change of dictate form or a cardinal change of structure. From the other side, a prevailing in the layer of dominating investitures and consequently a level of their determination of functional activity of the layer depends on a phase of dictate genesis and a concrete form of dictate. So there is a closed ring or better to say a chain reaction of psychological reasons and consequences: objective determinants together with introspective aspects of dictate are a reason of existence of a concrete dictate form and a phase of its genesis, which in its turn determines a structure of concrete institutes of oppression, a degree, a level of dictate introspection. The later determines both a degree of dissipation of dominating individuals in layers and a level of their influence on functional processes in the dictate layer -- on determinants of efficiency. Let us consider other variants of dissipation, mutual diffusion of dictate layers. An accompanying layer being itself a necessary structure of

oppression with corresponding features of psychological involvement, loyalty of spirit (at least in behavior, in declaration), and others while being invested in the layer of suppression introduces trifle changes in an essence of functional activities and collective psychology of the layer. In contrast to producers, this layer is numerically small and a number of investiturespassionaries, dominating individuals introducing their influence in continuum of moving motivations of the layer (46) (46 -- In accordance with dictate interests (hierarchs), i.e., in accordance with maximum efficiency.) is miserable. A stereotype of psychotype of the layer individuals is of such kind that it can change nearly nothing in an essence of collective activations of that dictate structure. In many formations, a continuum of executors contains the individuals, who according to their psychotype are ranked as negativepassionaries. There are many examples of serving to dictate of persons with criminal inclinations but the essence is not in that. It is completely unnecessary for a person to be a criminal in order to be ranked as a negative passionary. External circumstances, retaining motivations can in a certain situation retain a person from criminal activations, so his negative passionarity stays as a psychological potential. In other circumstances: in wars, in mutinies -- these factors stop to retain and individual turns to be either an accidental negative passionary or what happens quit often to be among adepts of dictate oppression structure. Such outcome has deep consequences for a structure deformation and an activation of that layer and especially to the essence of its motivational stereotype. An infiltration, diffusion of passionaries of producer layer, who at epochs of stormy social, ethnical, and other collisions transfer from negative passionaries into functionaries of suppression layer, results in the consequences that are determined by peculiarities of psychology stereotype, peculiarities of motivational complex. In the first turn, it is a primitive hedonism of a material kind, a low intellect without any creative initiations, a tendentious striving to external and internal spiritual uniformity and due to it a rejection of non-standard, non-confined by the frames outlined by a primitive live imagination that includes a striving to slavery subordination in combination with a tendency to domination (47) (47 -- It was well marked by Nietzsche: " Those who cannot be subordinate cannot rule".). An infiltration of a large contingent of negative passionaries in the layer of suppression results in domination or at least in sufficient influence of a complex of their motivations on the whole activations of the layer. A slipping down to physical forms of dictate, often in a form of the most terrible physical and moral terror, is a direct consequence of such a process. Antic tyrannies, mazdakism, Savonarola, Robespierre, revolutions (successive riots) of all colorations are the bright examples of the statement. Structures of suppression are transformed into self-content, self-aiming essences also under influence of other aspects that are characteristic of a psychotype of the infiltrate. A lack of intellect, more exactly, a minimum or a lack of hedonism sublimation into creative activities results in gigantic possibilities of imposition into structure of consciousness ( of I and super-I) of simple dogmas of dictate (48) (48 -- It is especially typical of epochs of social and ethnical collisions, since ideology of adepts of social transformations is always based on a primitive egalitarianism of hedonistic needs: bread, ground, equality, and so on (always false).), that together with the inversion of sign of highly passionated individuals is the reason of appearance of zealots of suppression. Fanatic adepts of declared ideology being invested in a structure of suppression result in the situation, when, first, its functioning turns to have a character of a total terror, and second, a self-containing, self-sustaining of the layer is established. In that case, an activation of oppression is teleologically alienated from an expedient foundation of existence of dictate and hierarchs that results in a

sharp reduction of efficiency of oppression (it should not be mixed with intensity!) as an instrument of dictate and socium functioning. It happens due to a decrease of a component of motivational involvement and to an increase of a component of external suppression. With growing of technology, of intellectual-technical basement of socium, an action of the factor increases and investments of negative passionaries in the layer of suppression during external collisions result in a quick collapse of dictate structure and of socium as a whole (49) (49 -- Quick according to the historical categories that vary). Social or ethnic collisions result in an explosive character of such diffusions that is the reason of synchronous investments of a large (in comparison with the level of passionarity that is necessary for influence on mass) contingent of negative passionaries. At quiet periods of history, the diffusion has a character of a slowly evolving process and invested individuals make not so powerful influence on eventual activations of the layer. Even if that results in alike eventual introspective and functional deformations, it happens in a much less, smoothed out form. In that case, activations of the layer present an example of an averaged-expedient functioning that is determined to significant extent by a form, a structure, and a stage of dictate genesis. While an accompanying layer produces at a mutual diffusion a minimum influence on the layer of suppression, contradictate passionaries do not influence it at all, because a psychotype structure of the socium layer is principally antagonistic to the necessary stereotype (at least, in the main determinations) of individuals of suppression layer. Let us consider another socium group fulfilling a monofunctional participation in suppression. It is an accompanying layer composed from passionaries of a low tension, who sublimate a part of their passionarity in a loyal-prostituted creation with an immanent creative component of mind. The layer fulfills, makes objective introspective realities and instruments of introspective suppression and represents by itself a structure, which importance and necessity are increasing with a growing efficiency of dictate in general and a component of motivational involvement in particular. In other words, tendencies of the global socium evolution condition a growing necessity in the dictate layer that in turn determines a necessity of forming the layer from individuals who, first, correspond to its functional predestination and, second, are guided (due to any intentions) by loyal to dictate motivations. The second item is as important as the first one, because a creative (quasi) essence of the group implies a high level of motivational involvement of individuals of the layer. This situation even more strong at those stages of dictate genesis, when a suppression of highly intellectual producers demands a deep penetration in consciousness, injection of ideas and motivations not only in I and super-I but imposition of transcendental categories of a loyal to dictate coloration in section of beforeand sub-consciousness. For example, producers being soldiers (during counteractions against external influences) sacrificing themselves represent a realization of penetration of instruments of suppression in their subconscious, irrational concretions into very these levels of mind (50) (50 -- Because super-I of producers as a representative of the highest censor cannot be well developed due to a weak development of an abstract thinking in general and prohibitions are coming from I or are transcendental.). Due to natural social conditions, a diffusion of individuals in accompanying layer takes place from all dictate layers: conductors, producers, contradictate passionaries, and often even from hierarchs (51) (51 -When they create own ideology or change a mystic foundation of dictate (Ikhnaton, Mazdak, Lenin, Mao, Savonarola, and others) that results in the consequences that are very profound and unexpected for an introspective foundation and for external realities of dictate. Individuals of the layer are very often, due to social reasons and co-participation in (pseudo) creations in those forms that

are loyal to dictate and so have a great publicity (more exactly, they are widely imposed into consciousness by propagandistic apparatus belonged to dictate), are surrounded by an aureole of intellectual elite of socium. The aureole together with dictate encouragement is a foundation of a high position in hierarchy of socium and dictate and the level is growing with importance of the layer in general. Due to it, passionary individuals from producers and conductors and the less passionary from contradictate layer penetrate the accompanying layer. The degree, intensity of penetration of talented, passionary individuals from one side characterizes an efficiency of dictate form and its introspection, and from the other side is one of determinants (and not the last in importance) of these two features of dictate. Let us consider one example connected with history of Confucianism in ancient Chine. Confucius (K'ung Futse) seems to be one of the most great individual of accompanying layer, one of the highest ideologist of dictate of all times. Dogmas of hierarchical subordination: in family, administration, social, state embodied in a system of formed ethical norms including a mystic essence of the highest hierarch (and all of these in a structure of argued teaching on a general well-being!) make Confucianism to be a willing ideological foundation practically of any dictate form. Such a brilliant substantiation of dictate and such perfect methods of injection into consciousness of socium should have made Confucianism to be a basement of official, declared ideology of China. However, it was not always so. Reining of Shih Huang Ti was characterized by a power centralization, uniformity, bureaucracy, by the cruelest terror, suppression in the most terrible forms. Confucianism was even not welcomed but was exterminated; its adepts were slaughtered and buried alive. Introspective forms of oppression were reduced to taboo, determined by an external suppression. As any regime of oppression of such kind, it turned to be endurable and disintegrated in a short period. It was replaced by dynasty Han. In raining of emperor Wu Ti, Confucianism became the official religion and individuals of accompanying layer (of that time), having the highest passionarity and intellect, could on passing a system of exams obtain not only a high social position but also a high official rank. The empire had been flourishing, economy had been developing as well as army and socium. There is no doubt that not only the above mentioned aspect determines a dictate and socium prosperity, although raising of a level of oppression introspection is a main determinant of progress. An attitude to the layer, its social status determines infiltration in the layer of passionary minds from other layers. As its functioning efficiency is a direct product of a creative continuum of the layer, so the above mentioned feature looks as the main one. However, layers diffusing their representatives into accompanying layer also inject some of psychological peculiarities of their motivational stereotype. Producers. Social collisions connected with deformation or replacement of dictate form result in a physical extermination of a major part of accompanying layer. Invested producers besides of necessary functional abilities (present to one or another degree) introduce in motivational-psychological continuum of the layer such features as prevailing of censorship of I over all sublimative activations, introspective rejection of a new and organic striving to gregarious stereotype, belittled-material primitive hedonism, and to less degree some other determining motivational determinants. Let us start from the first aspect. Censorial dominant of I over creative sublimative activations without influence of social-cultural determinants of the highest censor of super-I results in a situation, when objects of creation represent the products that reflect existing realities in categories of individual expediency in accordance with a perception of these individuals, i.e., in loyal to dictate reflections in terms of I, and minimization in its content of determinants of super-I reduces an influence on consciousness of suppressed, since a share is reduced of the universal out-of-time

ethical and ontological categories and dogmas that make positive the essence of introspective oppression. Realities of a concrete dictate form, i.e., its external manifestations, reflection of which is an essence of creation of these investors, always induce a negative attitude of majority of suppressed. A lack in the products of creation of ideological components connected with the highest aspects of mind results in a motivational antagonism between a declared ideology (that is a product of investitures) and a character of perception of producers. It happens because producersinvestitures and pure producers are similar in their psycho motivational stereotype and perceive a world of dictate through a prism of expedient motivations of I; investitures are loyal to dictate in their creation and in terms of perception, in realities they declare dictate, oppression as a weal without any veil of the highest categories of being and consciousness. As for producers, they perceive oppression as act of violation over them and it is very difficult to present oppression (in its external forms) in their eyes without a veil of the highest categories as a weal. This is the very reason of antagonism and a reason of ideology discrepancy in all its forms. Besides that, evolving socium and dictate imply also an evolution of means of introspective oppression, in particular of those that are produced by accompanying layer. Variation of means of affection on conscious and subconscious motivations should touch both its essence and its forms. The second antagonism between determinants of consciousness of investitures and functional needs of the layer appears that reduces an efficiency of dictate and is connected with organic rejection of a new, striving to spiritual stereotype, to conservatism that is resulted from a low intellect and a weak creative sublimation. A worship to dogmas, holy things, bugaboo, prophets, and so on, to standards of thought and spirit introduces in a structure of outcome products of the functioning layer the same components. In the course of time, discrepancies of objective world realities and declared dogmas reduce an efficiency of introspective penetration in consciousness and oppression on the whole. An example is presented by a character of affection on consciousness of all orthodox state religions lacking transformations with time. A presence in consciousness of investitures of such powerful determinant as a primitive materialistic hedonism results in declaration of that determinant in creation products of the layer. At epochs of a quite life of socium, this fact is a reason of egoistic self-prevailing of motivations, of striving to individual-material prevailing that superficially does not worsen a socium durability. However, at moments of collisions the tendency is weakening a durability of dictate and socium to such extent that often results in collapse of both. Contradictate passionaries. This layer of socium, more exactly sublayer, is small in volume but its influence on all processes of dictate and socium evolution is immense. As any conglomerate of people, it includes all gradations of creation determinants -- from giants of thought and spirit to a level close to one of accompanying layer. Under some conditions, for example at a high social and spiritual stimulation by hierarchs of active thought (52) (52 --As at epochs of enlightened hierarchs (Ulagh Bek, Louis XIV or declarative hierarch-patrons (Dionysios).) passionaries of low level at a scale of contradictateship sometimes transfer into accompanying layer. An immanent creative component of the psychotype accompanied by powerful sublimative activations results in such realities that present an ideological (conscious and subconscious) foundation not only of a given concrete dictate form but of many of those that followed. An attitude to the sublayer, to the ingredient of accompanying layer, presents an indication of dictate efficiency. Besides the mentioned above example with Confucius and Confucianism, we can recollect Plato and his loyal-dictate creations - "Republic" and "Laws"; Plato did not win the recognition in his native land at a period of democracy disintegration and was liked by Sicilian tyrants. The influence of given

investitures of the layer is not restricted by creation of introspective ideology; it includes a development of deep, marvelous ethical ideas and aesthetical canons and dogmas, works of art. A creation of loyal (introspectively, spiritually) to dictate works by a talent, that introduce in consciousness ideas and emotions of beauty, good, weal, spiritual virtues such as courage, altruism, generosity, and so on, associatively, subconsciously is connected with a concretion of dictate transferring, applying to it these the highest categories of mind. That associative appropriation, a transfer of categories, emotions, images results in formation in consciousness of suppressed of so powerful structures of super-I that are able to suppress many, the most powerful natural motivational determinants such as self-preservation, hedonism. A bright example of that is given by a complex of ideals of ethical kind united by a category "(?)calocagaty" of antique Greece at the epoch of prosperity: realization of ideas, dogmas, images associated with the category in marvelous works of art and connected with all of these a level of efficiency of introspective dictate that allowed not only to dominate ethnically but to work out so powerful structures in introspection of individuals that acts of self-sacrifice at that time were not something unusual (53) (53 -According to contemporaries, at that time in fight Greeks died with a smile that struck and surprised their opponents.). Hierarchs. At some stages of dictate genesis, under certain conditions (usually at epochs of social, ideological, ethnical collisions), people appear, who are the accompanying actually, but for various forms create and are ably to propagate an ideology that becomes later by an official, declared ideological basement of a dictate form. It may be a new ideology-theoretical system as well as a compilation of known dogmas and ideas or a cardinal replacement of an old theory's decorum. Among the examples are Mazdak, Mohammed, Savonarola, French revolution of 1793 year and Robespierre, Pharaoh Ikhnaton, Mao Tse-Tung, classical fascism in Italy and its wild German concretion, and so on. Conjunctive-demagogic ideas often serve as a basement of these theories with some veil of egalitarianism and with absolutely necessary component of personification of an apostle of ideology (usually it is an individual of accompanying layer) with application to him features of mystical infallibility. As shown before, it is one of the most suitable screens for authoritarian tyranny of extremist character. While in traditional accompanying structures the acts of creation are immanent sublimative activations of to one or anther degree powerful hedonism (libido), hierarchs being in a hypostasis of accompanyings and having the same basement of creation can represent by their psychotype essence all dictate layers: contradictate passionaries (often) (54) (54 -- Mazdak, Savonarola, and others), negative passionaries at the second stage (because upheavals are always connected with negative passionarity respective to dictate), hierarchs as a result (in a case of successive upheaval) -- but in their internal essence they always behave as if being accompanyings. It happened so because their psychotype is not typical of hierarchs with their dominant of hedonism in refined form without any transformations and sublimations of I and super-I. In essence, they are not hierarchs invested in an accompanying layer (of an incoming dictate form) but individuals of an accompanying layer, who due to social collisions are happened to come, to be invested into hierarchs. It looks as a possible explanation of the fact that during existence of such forms of dictate ideology and its propagation in socium in all form -- from direct dogma injection into consciousness to subconscious forms -- become one of the most cardinal sides of social life if not the main, and its official institutes and carriers get the highest social and dictate status adjoining a layer of the highest conductors. It is true not only of state formations but also of others: parties, gangs, and so on. Negative passionaries and conductors (adepts) of dictate. A difference of

these two layers is only in a direction of their activity, in a sign of motivations. A structure of motivations, their subconscious and conscious basement for stereotypes of the layers is identical, yet external social conditions determine their concretions, loyalty or negativism with respect to dictate. In changing of conditions, for example, during variations of structures or a replacement of dictate forms, an inversion of the sign often takes place, and conductors become negative passionaries and vice versa. Investment of individuals of these groups, the dictate layers due to peculiarities of their psychotype results in negative consequences for efficient functioning of an accompanying layer. A lack of creative talent, a low level of creative sublimation of hypertrophied hedonism by structures of conscious censorship, an egocentrism with a significant sadist component these are the qualities immanent to given investitures and which can only negatively influence an efficiency of the layer activations. It should be mentioned that in reality investments of individuals of the two layers under consideration into accompanying layer take place not as often and intensively as of others; more exactly, it takes place when accompanying layer due to external circumstances or peculiarities of a concrete dictate form acquires a high social and dictate status, i.e., when a hypertrophy of material possibilities of hedonism satisfactions occurs, for example, during the described above extremist and total-introspective forms of dictate. Layer of negative passionaries and its investitures This layer is a vessel for collection of individuals of other layers. In contrast to the layers of hierarchs, producers, and so on having in their foundation an inherited continuity, the layer of negative passionaries is formed only from adult individuals of other layers and due to it represents the most plastic, adaptive structure of dictate. Determinants of forming and development (or regression) of the layer have both internal -internal social and objective-natural, and introspective components. Objective concretions of dictate in cultural, social, intellectual, legislative, penitential, and other spheres of socium are reflected in consciousness and are collided with introspective, psychological, motivational determinants of an individual (in his consciousness) and when an antagonism and a sufficient level of motivations are present it results in a self-assignment of an individual to negative-dictate passionaries. Introspective dominants immanent to the self-assignment include: minimum censorship of super-I, hypertrophy of hedonism in active desublimated form and determination of activations mainly by egocentric hedonistic basement of Id of subconsciousness with some participation of a censor of reflected-objective expediency of I. There is a similarity with psychotype of hierarchs, so in a lack of possibilities of being invested in hierarchs and having a sufficient level of passionarity an individual passes into negative passionaries (55) (55 -- At other circumstances, beneficial to the determinants, these individuals transit either in hierarchs or in the highest conductors (revolutions, organized criminals, and so on.). A character of an investing layer plays no role here - all layers deliver investitures in that layer of dictate under various conditions. In the result of successful revolts and a complete change of dictate functionaries, the most passionary individuals of layers with maximum satisfaction of hedonism transit into negative passionaries - contra-revolutionaries, bandits, and so on. At quite epochs of dictate evolution, most of investitures are coming from producer layer at the account of its most passionated individuals. A great influence is imposed by a dictate structure and its attitude to passionary individuals with unsatisfied hedonism. Conquest or civil wars, ethnic expansion (for example, conquest in South America) absorbs many passionaries from low levels of dictate hierarchy giving them a possibility to satisfy their hedonism during conquest or eventually loose, diminish a level of

personal passionarity. Non-expanding ethnoses at some stage of evolution accumulate a charge of negative passionarity and it acquires features of infrastructure in a form of organized crime, rebellion organizations, simple criminals. It can be said in general that while investitures of other layers result in deformations (more often negative) of an immanent stereotype of motivations of concrete layer individuals, the layer of negative passionaries is a causal consequence of investments of other layers of socium and dictate. In other words, only variations, mutations of individual psychotypes of other layers stimulated or negated by dictate objectivity give birth, configure and determine an evolution of the layer. In historical retrospective, evolution of that dictate layer reveals some interesting regularities. One of them is an adjoining of a state-bureaucratic suppression of dictate forms having a prevailing introspection with different concretions of negative passionarity. Let us consider the statement using historical argumentations. The reason seems to be in the fact that hypertrophy of introspective structures of oppression result: first, in functional weakening of physical dictate structures, and second, in developing of a system of common norms, dogmas, views that retain, weaken possibilities of physical dictate. It conditions a necessity to use for the aims of suppression of a part of negative passionaries. There are many historical facts such as a state piracy of all times -- from ancient to the European global expansion and applications of gangs and crime societies for the aims of suppression - ancient Iran, China, current history of capitalist hegemons, facts of concrete inward growing of a layer of negative passionaries into a structure of hierarchs -- the USA at the end of twentieth century. On the other side, in the case of prevailing of physical oppression a reverse process takes place. Physical pressure on consciousness, creation of prohibitive structures in motivational complexes in combination with a powerful hedonism, characteristic of potential negative passionaries of all layers, results not in a willing stereotype (on fear foundation) but in a growing motivational antagonism, a different direction of motivations of dictate and an individual (a potential negative passionary). Passionarity and motivation antagonism induce a rapture of hedonism into initiative activators of action, behavior, in a direction opposite to dictate interests -- which are always connected with wealth alienation. Both dictate and negative passionaries to satisfy their hedonistic dominants use the same instruments, more exactly, an instrument - an individual alienation in their own favor of materials and other wealth produced by others. On that encroachment upon their fundamental interests, dictate replies by an intensification of those instruments of oppression that has at hands -- by a physical suppression that in turn increases both an intensity of negative motivations and a continuum of individuals involved in the layer and not only from producers. In history, the phenomenon is realized as a growth (abnormal) of crimes and as a social unrest completed by a spontaneous riot (there is a lot of them in history of each ethnos) and as a spiritual and social rejection of dictate (religion and mystical sects of all concretions). A conclusion can be drown from above that negative passionaries are a layer, existence and plasticity of which is determined by a presence of its potential components (in a sense of necessary psychotype) in all layers of socium, and is realized accidentally under influence of objective features and characteristics -- structural, functional, subjective, and so on, peculiar to a given concrete form of dictate. A character of the layer and its co-participation in a general dictate functioning can be used as an objective estimate of a degree of dictate introspection and of a level of motivational involvement and consequently, of a phase of dictate evolution. Contradictate passionaries

While negative passionaries are a product of dictate, of its structure and concretions (56) (56 -- Negative passionaries of a criminal kind reveal themselves in experiments with rat socium made by Maslow.), contradictate passionaries are an immanent, universal and invariant feature of socium -from a flock to a highly organized state. Genius individuals are present in each conglomerate of mammals that is especially well revealed in a flock of our neighbors in evolution scale, of monkeys; suffice it to recall well-known experiments with monkeys conducted by French investigators on atolls of the Pacific ocean. A genial, outstanding mentality connected with developed apparatus of the highest censor results in appearance of this small layer of individuals. A geniality of creation is connected with the total sublimation of hedonism of Id and due to it a determination of behavior structures by subconscious hedonistic motivations is at minimum or absent. Minimization of that basic component -- a hedonism of motivations that is a foundation of any suppression, of any dictate form, is the very reason why this layer is called a contradictate one (57) (57 -- Another word "out-of-dictate" may be more correct. However, all people in some way or other are connected with socium, dictate, so a term "contradictate" will be used.). Individuals of the layer motivationally alienate themselves from dictate, i.e., they do not assign themselves to a structure of a concrete dictate form. Namely this component of alienation is a basement of self-assignment to the layer but not an accepted by socium, glorified by dictate creative activation of an individual. Glory and popularity of a creation are a consequence of loyalty to dictate and of understanding by crowd that is not always a sign of a genial spirit. A contradictate person is a man, who invented plough and water wheel, it is Leucippus and (?)Kanada, gymnosophists and mystics of India, alchemists of medieval, mathematicians and star-counters of ancient Egypt, Nietzsche and Kierkegaard, Socrates, Diogenes, Anaximander, Bosch, Rodin, and many, many others, known and more often, immensely more often, individuals unknown to mankind and have not been understood by it (59) (59 -- Acknowledgment, fame, continuity of the fame in generations are not the signs of a spiritual and mind greatness: Confucius, Plato, Machiavelli, artists, musicians (especially) -- with all strength of their mind are not more but dictate adepts, individuals of an accompanying layer.). In the cases when their creative activity is not connected with material world, with the world of fight and production, their works are products of a genial reflection of realities of a surrounding world, socium, dictate - marvelous products of philosophy, art. A connection with dictate is restricted by the very this reflected-introspective form (59) (59 -- Here is meant a spiritual, introspective connection but not a provision with means of life that demands some co-participation in a life of socium.) without those components of hypertrophy of material-hedonistic reflections in consciousness that determines a co-assigning of other layers. The very this feature -- an inborn psychotype of contradictate passionary determines both a character of collective psychology and investiture deformations. Although, it is not completely correct in this case to tell about collective psychology and investitures, because individuals of the group are not united in functioning, their activations in structure of socium have a (strictly) individual character. As for investitures, this term is appropriate here only with an opposite sign, i.e., alienation of individuals from the layer due to dictate pressure or objective natural factors as a consequence of the very inborn psychotype. None of external factors can configure a contradictate passionary, they can only suppress (at some cases) its motivational foundation. Let us consider factors that condition a presence and an intensity of the alienation. A contradictateship of a passionary of mind and spirit in its deep foundation is a reflection of dictate concretions (all of the aspects, direct and indirect) in a consciousness of a thinker. A character of reflection, its introspective essence that preludes the acts of creation is determined by a structure of a complex of the highest

censor of super-I -- a complex of ethical, aesthetical, ontological, and other ideas, dogmas, taboo, points of view. So the first factor is a concrete form of dictate, under which a passionary makes his creations. The second connected with the first is a force of pressure on contradictate passionaries from structures of oppression, since an ability of contradictation to dictate is determined by an inborn level of passionarity and at some sufficiently high level of oppression a passionarity of a concrete individual may turn out to be insufficient for an active antagonism. Another factor connected with the first two is a character and essences of a super-I structure inculcated in consciousness by organs of bringing up and education. Yet, an action of the factor is somewhat reduced by the fact that a high level of mentality and passionarity make contradictate passionaries extremely insensitive, stable as to injection of loyal dogmas and ideas and so to censorship of I reconciling with perceived( reflected) reality. Let us analyze a concrete character of deformation of the psycho motivational foundation by each factor using historical data and considering psychological determinants of that out-of-dictate layer in historical retrospective. Dictate forms, a phase of genesis, an essence and means of oppression govern many features of a functioning socium both social and individual. Contradictate passionaries make no exception. As shown above, there is a connection between levels of physical and introspective in oppression structures for negative passionaries. The same factors determine and deform a layer of contradictate passionaries. When physical dictate prevails in the whole sum of oppression means, it implies a complete neglect of motivations of suppressed and a determination of their actions using negative taboo and physical punishment, i.e., infringement, humiliation, suppression of an individual hedonism. Repressions in spiritual media and consequently in behavior affect besides (not through) structures of the highest censorship by passing through I on subconscious hedonism. But, as shown above, the foundation of psycho genotype of contradictate passionaries is based on repudiation from strategically-vital hedonism and on minimization of censorship of I and with domination to the extreme degree of super-I' structures and a sublimated hedonism in a form of creation and passionarity. So a physical dictate having a minimum level of introspection does not touch a basement of motivational complex of the layer and its activations (60) (60 -- Besides that, at epoch of a physical dictate a suppression is directed exclusively on producers.). Slavery of ancient ethnoses is the brightest example. Ancient Rome and Greece, Iran, China and before that Sumer, Elam, Akkad present examples of creative activity of contradictate passionaries. Philosophers, mathematicians, sculptors, and so on, whose works were not an apology (explicit or covered) of dictate, worked at these epochs and gave a powerful push to socium evolution. Still, only physical dictate of slavery was added by introspective components, for example, in Athens at epochs of the (?)Ephialt and Pericles times, it resulted in deformation of the layer and its activity. Bright contradictate passionaries, Anaxagoras, Socrates were exterminated and spiritually deformed creators of accompanying layer had appeared such as Iktin(?), Callicrates, Phidias, and then Plato. Let us consider a second case, when an orthodox prevailingintrospective dictate takes place. The aiming object, the purpose of suppression is the same basic, deep hedonism of subconsciousness but a suppression is conducted indirectly through I and in a developed form mainly through categories and aspects of super-I. An investment of loyal dogmas, taboo, ideas and eventually a transformation of motivations at all levels of consciousness is secures by affection (at this form) on the very structure of super-I. Being an object of introspective suppression, this structure of mind represents simultaneously a structure that cardinally determines an essence of activations of the layer. This is the main feature of psycho genotype deformation that initiates alienation of an individual from the layer.

Transformation of negative taboo in prevailing component of positive-motivational involvement results in a situation, when sublimate-creative motivations of hedonism (libido) get a hedonistic encouragement, a stimulation and a reflective tie appears between creation and hedonism (of arbitrary concretions) that is inevitably associated with the dictate generating the concretions of hedonism. At some, quit certain mutually determined levels of passionarity, creative sublimation of hedonism in refine form, structures of I and super-I in a complex that determines activations, a situation may result when contradictateship (motivational) decreases and hedonism starts to prevail (encouraged by dictate) in combination with a loyal creative work. In that case either consciously or not, with comprehension of their actions in conscious categories or creating loyal work sincerely, subconsciously, a contradictate passionary prostitutes his essence and functional predestination in a structure of socium and dictate. Of cause, the alienation of contradictate passionaries enforces, cardinally improves functioning of the structures that provide an introspective suppression and increase a dictate efficiency on the whole but negative aspects of the deformation appear. A contradictateship, or more exactly, an out-ofdictatorship, alienation of motivations and creative works from dictate interests are a reason and a foundation of a free flight of spirit, of a creative work. New ideas in science and philosophy, new technics, novelty in literature and art -- all of these are a product of activity of contradictate passionaries and very these aspects of socium are a foundation of its evolution. So, an enforcement of dictate at the account of alienation of a part of the layer (which is already small) for the mentioned above reasons results in a prolonging weakening of a creative component of spiritual continuum of socium and, consequently, in slowing down of evolution. An example is given by spiritual expansion of Christianity in Europe from its appearance to the Renaissance epoch. Let us consider the second aspect determining alienation of an individual from the layer. It is a direct pressure, spiritual repression of contradictate passionaries, which takes place in all dictate forms having a significant component of introspection and is a characteristic in an extremely-radical, orthodoxy concretion of totally-introspective and especially of extremist dictate forms. While a totally-introspective form is characterized by hypertrophy of all aspects of introspective suppression both of negative-motivational and positive-involving, extremist forms are characterized by a gigantic hypertrophy of intensity and means of spiritual suppression of a negative-motivational kind that directly conjugate with a physical suppression in the extremist, terrible forms. The essence of motivational deformations determined by a positive-motivational involvement has been analyzed above. Let us consider now the deformations, the motivational basement that are determined by a common component to these dictate forms of introspective suppression, by negative-motivational. That component of dictate is connected with an injected influence both on a structure of I in a form of external influences and (to much greater extent) on a structure of super-I in all forms of spiritual dictate: state-legislative, juridical, ethnical, cultural, ideological, ethical, and even mystical (61) (61 -In a form of religion, mystic dogmas and revelations (in sects), in a form of personification of ideological foundation in a leader with application to him of an immanent infallibility, and so on.). On the other side, it creates in consciousness of an individual a structure of ideas, a category of expediency of motivations (for satisfaction of hedonism) in a concrete perception of dictate realities as a basement of socium; on the other side, it creates in consciousness of an individual a powerful barrier of norms, dogmas, ideas, faith preventing raptures of natural dominants of subconscious including those sublimated in a creative work. As dogmas, ideas, and so on, injected in a structure of super-I have a loyal to dictate character (in terms

of categories of dictate efficiency and dictate interests) and a basement of activations of contradictate passionaries is a passionary sublimations of dominants of Id (hedonism, libido), so antagonism of these components in consciousness is inevitable. Ethical and aesthetical dogmas, virtues and norms even in the case, when they superficially correspond to traditional human ideas (62) (62 -- The ideas and dogmas by themselves also have a sufficiently relative character. Ideas of ethics as state norms vary strongly depending on different factors such as social, dictate, collectively-psychological. For example, in Russia in XI c. a strong warrior being offended by a prince did not revenge himself and did not suppress himself in favor of socium (as a moral of the next epochs regards as a necessity) but simply changed his master and went to another one revealing a cosmopolitism that is blamed at other times. A giant list and analysis of arguments of ethical relativity (relativity of regional, ethnical, chronological kinds) are presented in works of French thinkers: Helvetius ("About mind"), Mountaigne ("Essays"), Voltaire, Didro, and also of Nietzsche ("Thus spake Zarathustra") and others.) of courage, kindness, generosity, and so on -- under more thorough analysis reveal features of loyalty to dictate, or more exactly, reflect dictate interests with respect to introspection of a suppressed person. Courage is ranked as a value only in the presence of expediency and profit for dictate but not in the case, when it opposes an individual to dictate. Generosity is good but not with respect to a dictate enemy. The list of pragmatic estimates of the truth of ethical, aesthetical and other components composing a complex conglomerate of the highest censor - of super-I can be prolonged. A tendentiousness of criteria, norms, ideas injected in consciousness is a consequence of official ideology, i.e., of a complex of ideas, postulates, theories of various natures but having a common feature, a dominant -- a conforming dogmatism aimed at stereotypization of spirit and thought. Of course, for a contradictate passionary all of these cannot be put in a frame of any dogmas (63) (63 -- It is difficult to imagine, for example, Nietzsche declaring his thoughts in a frame of dogmas that were proclaimed (by dictate) as a final truth.). An introspective antagonism between these factors in introspection of contradictate passionaries determines causally a negation, alienation from both of dogmas of official ideology and of its products -ethical and other norms composing a basement of an inculcated loyal-dictate censor -- structures of super-I. Negation of loyal dogmas, purposes, virtues, understanding of their loyal expediency and relativity result in creation of their own, individual ethical values and dogmas (that often have an individually-egoistic coloration deprived at the same time of sadistaggressive features) connected with a remaining continuum of desublimated hedonism of subconsciousness of Id. Namely this -- an individuality of ethical dogmas and norms, laying in a basement of negation of a basic structure of motivations, injected in consciousness of suppressed (motivational acceptance of asceticism that alienates wealth of hedonism in favor of hierarchs) is the very feature that makes out-of-dictate passionaries of spirit to be contradictate. In other words, a creative work of the highest mentality and spirit of a person is a basement of contradictateship, its potential. As any conglomerate of individuals with similar features, the layer of passionaries includes a wide scale of their cardinal determinants -- of creative potential and passionarity. An opposition of the above mentioned aspects -- of internal dominants of psychotype and an injected structure of superI -- in common conditions, i.e., at some average level of introspective oppression, results in formation of individual's super-I unconnected with criteria of dictate. However, an increase of intensity and variety of suppression methods may result in some part of the layer, having less level of dominants in motivations, in prevailing in consciousness of a structure of loyal super-I. For example, at moments of ethnical over-stresses, at epochs of social and ethnical collisions, intensity of injection of loyal

dogmas in consciousness is used to be so high that results in alienation of some, comparatively small number of individuals of the layer in other layers, more often in an accompanying layer. Sometimes the same factors of introspective pressure result not in pushing out of natural dominants but in annealing of influence of super-I at all. In that case, an activation of contradictate passionaries is determined by desublimated hedonism of such power that they are invested either in hierarchs or in negative passionaries of the highest hierarchy. Examples of the first part: Plato, Archimedes, Confucius, Thomas Aquinas, Einstein, and many others; examples of the second: Villon, Alcibiades, Pissarro. As shown in the previous sections, the main factor that for a long time determines a strategic growth of an introspective component of dictate in its evolution is a development of technology, which itself is a product of activity of contradictate layer. A ring of consequences and reasons is formed -- contradictate passionaries initiate an evolution of technology that conditions a growth of dictate introspection that results in an alienation of the layer. A conclusion suggests itself that an eventual effect of the ring of consequences is a retardation of technology evolution but it does not take into account a consequence of technological evolution. It is just the following: evolution of technology, of all its scientific and technical aspects increases a period of life span and a continuum of the global human socium. As the Maslow experiments show, share of individuals composing the layer is stable, independent on the size of population, i.e., an alienation of individuals from the layer of passionaries is balanced, compensated by a growth of a continuum of the layer and by preservation in the layer of the most valuable, from the global-human teleology point of view, individuals. Producers Producers as a necessary basement for existence and functioning of socium is composed from individuals to one or another degree corresponding to a stereotype described at the beginning of the chapter. However, a volume of the layer and a historically formed variety of psychotypes invested in it and deforming its stereotype and its function-social fundamentalism -- all of these factors are a reason that the layer while perceiving initiative moments produced by other layers (64) (64- Suppression is produced by conductors, technology and contradictate ideas by contradictate passionaries, hedonism by negative passionaries, ideology by accompanyings.) transforms them in a social activity and eventually in an evolution process. It should be underlined that namely in socium evolution determined by evolution of dictate -- as directly so indirectly through other factors but not in revolutions and social collisions (65) (65 -- Product of activity of negative passionaries.). This layer is inadequate to the concept of class of proletarians or peasants, which are widely treated by Marxism. The layer includes everybody, who directly or indirectly is bind as with production of material weal so with provision of other vital requirements of hierarchs. It includes workers, peasants, merchants, soldiers, servant men, administrative-industrial apparatus, scientists, engineers, architects, doctors, and others -- who fulfilling necessary functions of socium are alienated from possibilities of satisfaction of hedonism (to different degrees). Self-assigning to the layer is a consequence of correspondence of an individual psychotype to the stereotype of the layer. Stationary, static, invariability of the largest layer of socium means a socium death, because invariability of life is a metaphysical abstraction. However, the layer is permanently changing, collective motivations are changing, tendencies, activity, actions. It is secured by constant investments in the layer and by a generation outside it. Invested deformations of motivational basement of the layer have a complicated character that is different from the all considered above. Investment

of individuals in the layer is made by all dictate layers from hierarchs to accompanyings (66) (66 -- It is not relevant to contradictate passionaries but in essence they are out-of-dictate.) depending on concrete historical conditions, events, prevailing determinants of socium evolution. Wars, social upturns, revolutions mix all layers and the largest and the most suppressed layer serves as a reservoir for those, who have lost their step in hierarchy of socium and dictate. Economic fluctuations: crises, individual bankruptcies, also replenish the layer. An often and very intensive factor is an authoritarian dictate with accompanying revelry of arbitrary rules in acts of suppression, with forced labor as a measure of punishment of the highest layers of a previous form of dictate or state. Examples of that are: the suppression of nobles by Ikhnaton, by Sicilian tyrants, Mazdak and by others with application of both a physical extermination and a forced assigning of hierarchs to producers. The same phenomenon takes place at some later periods. A hypertrophy of introspective component and development of a penitential system result in transition of a part of negative passionaries (having a low passionarity) in the layer of producers. The same events and factors in various historical concretions bring conductors in the layer of producers and individuals from an accompanying layer. At the same time, a reverse process takes place -outflows of the most passionary individuals with the stereotype of producers in other layers as it was shown in the previous sections of the chapter. So, there are two processes -- an outflow of passionary producers and an influx of passionary individuals from other layers having different structure and different dominants of psychotype. It represents a determinant of the layer evolution. The second determinant is a peculiar character of deformation of psychotype of proper producers. The peculiarities of psycho genotype of the layer individuals necessary for its efficient functioning (they are described at the beginning of the chapter) determine a great stability of its stereotype against an influence of investitures. It results from the fact that a hypertrophy of any of psychotype determinants causally conditions a rejection from self-assigning to it and a transition in another layer. For example, intensification of an aggressive component of a sadist nature results in a transition in executors (of the lowest rank); hypertrophy of hedonism - in conductors and sometimes, as shown above, even in hierarchs; alienation from stereotype in combination with aggression - in negative passionaries, and so on. So stereotype of an average individual of the layer is stationary but it contains the very features that determine variations of its activity; however, the variations are a result of action not of its motivational individual complexes but exclusively of external passionarity. A lack of initiative, striving to stereotype, conformity, to a flock existence and thinking in conjunction with a masochist component of psychotype result in the situation, when the above mentioned first factor -- contrary fluxes of passionarity -- becomes an external determinant of deformations yet not of a motivational (stable) system but of activations as a consequence of manifestation of characteristic features of its psychotype. In that case, external investitures of passionarity become a choosy developer that puts forward as motivational dominants the aspects of psychotype necessary for activations of producers in a needed direction of activity and accessible to influence of investitures. For example, a negative passionary appeals to hedonism of producers making accent on an ethical injustice in wealth shearing and it is a very effective appealing. Irrespective of ideological camouflage of their own hedonistic motivations, a motto of negative passionaries: "Smash riches and take their place" is in so good accord with the essence of slavery psychotype that at presence of external conditions securing an introspective action of these determining initiations it can brink into action producers and change a state structure; examples are given by coming into power of Dionisian I, Mazdak, all riots and revolutions. It happens when negative passionaries transform into revolutionaries, rioters. At their concentration in a

criminal world, banditry, mass crimes grow (France XIII-XiV cc., Persia in epoch of disintegration of Sassanids empire) and under certain conditions a deformation of ethical basement of behavior takes place (for example, social non-resistance appears to thefts, drinking, robbery). Investitures of contradictate layer appeal to dogmas of super-I, brake ideological basement of introspection and activate producers at the direction of contradictateship (molokans(?), splitters in Russia, albigensians, and so on). Passionaries of a layer of conductors at some moments of ethnical collisions exhibit the same cruelty that has taken place in history of each nation and was exhibited by producers, i.e., by individuals, who under usual conditions have no propensity to cruelty and sadism due to peculiarities of their psychotype. Extremist forms of the phenomenon are: Mongol expansion (67) (67- Their head is an individual with all features of a negative passionary of a criminal kind), fascism, Japanese genocide in China in 30-40 years of XX c., Turkish genocide of Armenians. Let us consider a profound introspective essence of the phenomenon, because external factors, external passionarity, and so on -- are only a prelude, preliminary determinants of motivational activations of layer individuals. The striking features of motivational dominants of producers are the following: weakness and averaging of all dominants, weakness of super-I, of hedonism and passionarity. In essence, there is no dominant that prevails over others and secures a stable tendency, directionality of motivational activations so peculiar to other layers. A comparative weakness of sublimated essence and a weakness of sublimative determinants of consciousness together determine a motivational indifference of a stereotype of the layer that results in deformational shifts of activity tendencies determined by an external passionarity. A weakness of their own censor is a reason of easiness of penetration of alien determinants as determinants of motivations and activations. In other words, an external tendentious passionarity turns to be an initiator that moves the indifferentbalanced static complex of motivations of producers in a state corresponding to prevailing of a dominant. Although, the complex itself stays to be stationary, an injected passionarity behaves as an additional weight determining a tendency and expediency of motivational complex of an individual. The tendency is governed by a structure of dominants of the highest investitures: by hedonism and negative passionarity of some, contradictateship, alienation from dictate interests of others, and so on. A structure and a form of dictate, as a consequence of an integral introspection of individuals, of a continuum of individual movements and motivations, in their evolution determine a character of infrastructural migrations between layers and eventually configure an external determinant, a total motivational and activational essence of a layer, of producers in particular. Prevailing of negative, prohibitive forms of suppression result in a growing antagonism between passionary of individuals of layers and requirements of dictate, i.e., in increase of layer migrations and in a growth of the effects mentioned above. A growth of divergence of motivations of individuals and a necessary stereotype results in dropping out of passionary individuals from hierarchical dictate structure and, as a consequence, in an increase of passionary investments (in layer of producers) with a psychotype that deforms (in a way described above) a continuum of psycho motivations of the layer. On the whole, dictate itself, its structure, a level of negative suppression, intensity of means composes the basement that causally determines its disintegration. A dictate form contains its death in the act of its birth. A positive involvement while prevailing in structures of oppression can smooth, level to some extent (sometimes considerably) these processes of investments and deformations of the producer layer affecting them through the same factors that determine these processes under negative-motivational oppression. For example, extremist forms of dictate use the oppression of a total-negative kind with maximal intensity and variety that results in an intensive intermix of layers and in a powerful process of exclusion

from layers and investments in layers, particularly in the layer of producers. The process is so powerful that extremist forms are an example of the extreme unbalance and divergence of motivations of individuals, their functional unfitness to dictate interests. It conditions an extreme short period of life of the form in comparison with others: from several generations to less than a generation. Examples are given in previous chapters: (?)Saudelers in Micronesia, Sicilian tyrants, fascism in Germany. There was no form of dictate in history with prevailing of positive involvement (cardinal) but a tendentious approaching to it is: catholic church hierarchy as a form of out-of-state dictate and the current capitalism in the USA, Great Briton, and other technologically developed countries. The above mentioned factors are facilitated by the fact that a positivemotivational involvement of producers besides reduction of invested deformations by individuals of other layers results due to weakness and primitivity of subconscious hedonism in stimulation of the very this cardinal dominant of motivations. A satisfaction of at least partial, truncated hedonism of producers that is immanently present in a positive-motivational oppression conditions a reduction of negative to dictate motivations (that are already comparatively weak due to the structure of psychotype), i.e., a reduction of possibility of an active antagonism. According to Freud, a reduction of level of an unpleasant (of a negative suppression. - Author) decreases a motivational determination of activity with hedonistic tendency. So structural features of socium, an existence in it of dictate is determined by a joint existence in it of individuals having layer-differentiated psychotypes and evolution of dictate is determined by an interconnection of external institutes of dictate and an introspective continuum of intermixing dictate layers. Chapter 4 Dictate evolution: psychology, forms, layers, tendencies History of the global socium of people is clearly divided on several giant epochs determined both by strategic regulations -- by evolution of socium and by its immanent foundation -- by dictate. The first is an epoch of a gregarious and primitive-commune existence of people lasted for hundreds thousand years. There is a primitive labor not demanding a unification and leaving man defenseless in front of nature, struggle for surviving when only brain is the most highly organized instrument of adaptation to nature, of existence in a quickly changeable external world. Technology is in the very beginning, means of labor are extremely primitive, a settled agriculture and cattle-breeding are absent. A cruel struggle for surviving and orientation on an expedient behavior in a varying external world develops structures of It and I as dominants of activations. Structures of super-I of an injected cultural kind are in a rudimentary state, because individuals producing a complex continuum of super-I are objectively in a state, when they cannot realize their predestination, their psycho genotype peculiarities and dominants. A lack (or nearly a lack) of both external determinants of ethnical, technical, and so on kinds and internal ones determined by introspective collision components of consciousness and subconsciousness determine an extremely retarded character of evolution of socium and dictate. That epoch of human history is often called as pre-(or before-) civilization. Approximately 9 - 10 thousand years ago, a tempo of evolution had stared to accelerate. An appearance of settled agriculture and cattle-breeding, a development of instruments of labor, an appearance of rudiments of knowledge on surrounding world, i.e., all components of technological evolution result

in a situation, when a person produces or can potentially produce more amount of life supporting products than he consumes. Dictate structures, a process of their evolution gets a powerful push to development, because there is an excess of material wealth and so an excess of time (free from a direct procuring of living at least in a part of socium). A possibility appears for a free, creative functioning of brain and the first structures of super-I appear as believes, mystic, taboo, customs. Conglomerates of people are formed on the basis of self-assigning -- primitive ethnoses. History of humankind has started as of organized global socium that brought an appearance of a sign system of collective memory, cities, states, technology in its current form, wars and genocide, art, ethics, moral and all other aspects of what is now called by civilization. According to tradition, we call this period as a civilized epoch or civilization. The XVII c. signified a beginning of formation of science as a system of collective knowledge into organized essence that with time is transformed by efforts of contradictate passionary-thinkers in the main motive force of technology evolution. To the end of the XX c., this factor has resulted in a situation, when civilization comes to a turning-phase, to a phase of transition into next epoch of evolution of the global socium -- which is usually called by postcivilization. Due to development of technology, few active individuals provide all people's requirements in food, shelter, clothes. A significant part of socium is free for other activity and at a corresponding development of forms of dictate -- for idleness that causes an expansive growth of a layer of hierarchs and layers providing dictate vital activity. A hypertrophy of technology and a development of creations in all aspects determine a development of structures of super-I of the most retarded individuals and result in collisions, in powerful antagonisms in individuals' introspection, of dictate interests with all aspects of stereotypization of motivations and subconscious dominants of individuals. This is a reason of intensive evolution of dictate and of a manifestation of its strategic tendencies and regularities. Let us enumerate the peculiarities of external and introspective dominants of the epochs that allow to reveal the regularities, which will be analyzed in the chapter. 1. Precivilization (barbarism). There is a low level of technology: primitive instruments of labor and trades, lack of science, of labor organization, skills and handicrafts. Ethnoses and other conglomerates of individuals are also absent. Culture, art, literature either has not yet appeared or is in a rudimentary state. An individual labor is prevailed: hunting, fishing, and so on. Moral, taboo, customs are in rudimentary state. In consciousness of individuals, a primitive hedonism dominates that is restrained by a censorship of external expediencies of I. Dictate has a form of a primitive physical suppression in flock that is based on a physical domination. 2. Civilization. A technology is developing including: instruments of labor, organization of production, special skills and trades, rudiments of science, weapons, and so on. A part of people gets free from a direct production of vital wealth. Dictate forms appear, develop and are replaced. Ethnic national and state structures appear as well as culture, art, cognitive science. Taboo, customs, religion, moral, ethics, aesthetics are raised by people at an unusual height. Structures and variety of components of super-I become extremely large being transformed in a significant part of socium into a prevailing dominant of consciousness, into the highest censor of motivations and activations. A structure of introspective collision becomes extremely complicated (in comparison with a primitive adaptation) that is determined by external factors and a structure of mentality in general. Dictate evolves both regionally, inside ethnoses and in the global socium. A complexity of determinants results in complexity of strategic laws of evolution and of local varying fluctuations from the general laws and tendencies.

3. Postcivilisation. Its general features and regularities are not yet clear because the XX c. is a transitional epoch to the phase and so laws, tendencies can only be extrapolated from general laws of evolution of socium and dictate and from processes taking place at the transition phase. Technology becomes the main external dominant performing a giant leap in all its components, a qualitative leap but not an evolutive one. Namely due to the qualitative, revolutionary change of technology, this stage, the present time, is a phase of transition into a new epoch of socium genesis. All factors of technology including: science in all its aspects, technics, instruments of production, weapons, organization of production with information technique of all kinds, transformation of labor itself --are changing qualitatively. Culture, science, creative activity are not only developing, they become accessible to everybody. Ethnical and state antagonisms are smoothed giving place to ideology-state collisions. Dictate forms are evolving at the direction of prevailing of introspection (1) (1- If the process is considered globally irrespective of regional fluctuations) but fluctuational concretions of extremist regional variations are becoming more frequent. Technical, practical possibilities of injection in consciousness, into I and super-I, of various ideas, dogmas, notions are becoming indeed infinite. Simultaneously, a level increases and a character of possibilities to satisfy desires of all members of socium at least in a primitive-material sense is changing qualitatively. Sexual moral as an aspect of hedonism is transforming. The brief, of cause, simplified listing of external and internal aspects of individual and social life of the epochs underlines only the features that are cardinal (in the light of the topic under consideration) and gives an opportunity to reveal the regularities, which are strategic for evolution of dictate determinants, of its forms and structures. The character of external and introspective determinants was considered in the previous chapters, here we will consider them together with hierarchical interconnection and a level of their determination of both a process of dictate evolution and strategic regularities and characteristics of the process. External determinants of dictate evolution: regularities, interconnection, hierarchy, domination The main problem of the coming analysis is connected with an objective consideration of the question: which determinants and how do define strategic laws of dictate evolution, which are deviations from the basic tendency and also what are forms, character, chronology, regularities of the fluctuations. The strategic regularities are immanently invariant, independent of region, chronology and ethnos. As for fluctuations, they have a character of particular-specific or strategically periodical depending on an essence of external determinants and a character of their introspective collisions with an essence of motivation complexes of individuals and dictate layers. A main tendency or a strategic regularity (regularities) must have such features as concretization and tractability through the whole human history (2) (2 -- For example, classical theory of Marxism with its immanent determination of history by a struggle of classes cannot explain processes at epoch of precivilization (having no classes), does not explain evolution of religious conglomerations.), causal determination of the main aspects of socium functioning irrespective of fluctuations (during sufficiently large intervals), applicability to all forms of social life (not only to state life) and at all epochs: so, it should have extrapolation characteristics, i.e., it must provide us with an ability to extrapolate events, the history in its strategic development. External determinants of dictate evolution scrutinized in the second chapter have a very different nature. They include objective natural factors of physical, ethnic genetic and socially-state kind that at different

epochs determine both an appearance and evolution of concrete realities of dictate; they include technological factors that directly or indirectly determine evolution of dictate during the whole history of mankind -- from a stone scraper to atom bomb, factors connected with ideological antagonism of states and out-of-state dictate forms at later epochs of history, and some others analyzed before. In the second chapter each factor was analyzed separately and many aspects determining dictate evolution and feedbacks were shown. However, in reality in historical concretions all the aspects of socium life are existing synchronously and a prevailing at each moment of history of a concrete factor is conditioned by a variety of interconnected and interdetermining reasons (3) (3 -- In some cases, a basic determinant of concretion is conditioned by natural factors (Ancient China, see chap.2), in another -- by ethnic, in the third -- by ideological. Yet, these determinants of a concretion that lasts short and is not universal (in comparison with the global history)), so applying the Laplace determinism, it is possible to regard the short-living temporal concretions as products of stochastic superposition of factors. In the light of that, it is necessary to mark out several characteristics of determines that are principle, cardinal in dictate evolution as in general so in particular concretions. Natural factors (4) (4 -- See chap.2 for analysis of all factors) of all kinds in essence are a determinant of dictate appearance in socium and are acting for the whole history. Any of these factors is extremely long in duration and due only to this it can claim to be a strategic determinant. But, is it true? As have been shown, the factors are acting synchronously and their determination may be cophasal or anti-phasal, i.e., the superposition can be as their sum and so their difference. Natural evolution factors and calamities affecting human community and deforming dictate are meeting an antagonistic influence of technological factors opposing them (sometimes adding them). With time, especially with enter into the epoch of postcivilization with its powerful development of science and technology, technics and energy consumption, consequences of natural factors are sharply reduced if not physically but so at least by their influences on dictate evolution. Migrations of bed of the river Huang He under poor development of technology of ancient China results in a complete deformation of dictate form; having a level of technology of postcivilization (5) (5 -- An antagonism of the factor is not only a direct consequence of technology evolution but also indirectly through others -- ethnical, demographic, and so on), it can result only in several changes of regional economy leaving untouched basements of dictate form. In other words, these factors in their evolving determinations pass three phases that correspond to the epochs of human civilization: precivilization, civilization, postcivilization. At epoch of precivilization, natural factors in essence are the main and the only determinant of dictate evolution; an extremely slow character of evolution of the factors in the lack of others accelerating or slowing down an evolution of dictate determines a slow character of the process. Natural calamities at that phase result either in socium extermination or in regional migrations but not in deformations of dictate form. At epoch of civilization, an evolving character of natural factors is combined with influence of other factors that were absent at epoch of precivilization: technological, ethnical, state, and so on. A strictly evolutionary character of natural factors (leaving alone calamities) superimposed with other factors, which actions have not only evolving, linear, but also a periodical, cyclic character. The superposition results in very complicated concretions of dictate evolution at the epoch: changes are observed in forms, structures, realities, state institutes; regular processes are interrupted or are regressing (under influence of unimportant factors that suddenly become dominant ones or acquire a stagnate character). In comparison with the previous epoch, a quick development of other factors is observed except technology (6) (6 -- Namely this peculiarity should be underlined, because

the essence of that determinant in the strategy of evolution is a dominating one as it well be shown later.) that is slowly evolving. Together with a character of naturally evolving processes, it results in two possible alternative conclusions. First, the processes determining a dictate evolution besides of natural and technological ones are the reason of particular, fluctuating concretions of evolving dictate. The second possible conclusion: natural factors at epoch of civilization are losing their causal determination of a linear evolution of dictate as it was at the previous epoch, i.e., an affection of the factor as a dominant is leveled by superposition of other factors. It looks as if in reality there is no alternative but an adjoined existence of both causal consequences. Actions of natural factors are leveled by technological, ethnical, and other factors (7) (7 -- Examples are: ethnical expansive migrations of nomads at epochs of drought of steeple, technological deformation of dictate in medieval and nowadays, state-ideological collisions producing new forms of dictate -- Islam and Halifax, fascism in Germany, and so on.) and a superimposed conjugation of determinants is varying in a continuum of components in each particular case and various factors and a combination of factors get a character of dominant of evolution. It is completely unimportant how these factors (dominants) are acting -- whether directly or indirectly through other aspects of functioning socium. Linear, evolutive determinants of dictate, for example technology, at the first stages of the epoch have a small role, a small influence on dictate evolution in a total sum of factors-determinants, so other factors having a character of periodicity, cyclization of functional action, get a great influence. Ethnic factors of appearance period and a development of ethnoses, acquire a character of a dominant of evolution and causally a character of dictate, becomes cyclical, spirally-progressive. An appearing form of dictate, for example a physical dictate, has an organic component of positivemotivation suppression as a basement but further the form evolves at the direction of a growth of negative-introspective and physical components of suppression with a strategic tendency of negation of introspective suppression -- up to complete disintegration of a given form of dictate and its replacement with a new one. A change of dictate form is not obligatory connected with a forced disintegration of a previous form as it happens in the case of state formations. More often, it occurs assimilatory with a growth of one form from another. The next form of dictate at its appearance has also a significant component of positive-motivational suppression dominating at a given stage but its introspective component is significantly greater than at the beginning of the previous cycle. Evolution of the form is also going at the direction of a physical suppression reaching a moment when the component becomes a cardinal dominant of evolution. There are two processes taking place at a given epoch: a linear growth of an introspective positive-motivational suppression (a dominant) and a cyclic intensification of a physical negativeintrospective component. So on a linear character of dictate evolution determined by evolution of natural factors and appearing technology, cyclic factors determining cyclic recurrence of evolution are imposed and often are prevailed over it. Of course, a cyclic character of evolution depends not only on variations of external determinants and leveling of natural factors but also on a complication of individual's introspection. However, a qualitative cyclization of external determinants nevertheless determines a cyclization of dictate evolution. Other factors: state, political, economical, ideological -- are responsible for particular fluctuations of dictate (Sicilian tyrannies, Macedonian expansion, mazdakism, and other extremist forms of dictate). The third phase -- postcivilization due to its peculiarities enumerated at the beginning of the chapter reduces the influence of several components, a

conglomerate of determinants of external kind and pushes a front the technological determinants. As shown in the previous chapters, they determine not only a dictate evolution but also a dictate expansion of a socium with prevailing technology, i.e., an imposition a dictate form characteristic to socium with a more high technology on sociums with lower level of technology. Cyclic external determinants while not disappearing completely from a structure of socium functioning are deprived of the level of determination, of the level of influence on dictate evolution that they have at epoch of civilization. Natural factors, as evolutive and so calamities, are also losing their importance due to a hurricane-like development of all aspects of technology. So, technology comes forward as a main determinant, a dominant of evolution conditioning namely those features of dictate that were analyzed in chapter 2, i.e., a prevailing of an introspective form and means of suppression. So irrespective of an infinite external variety of events, motivations, individuals, states during all evolution of socium in all its aspects, there is a strategic tendency of determination of dictate forms, the tendency that determines a dominant progress of an introspective essence of oppression. The oppression is oriented on stimulation, encouragement of positive, loyal to dictate motivations, on involvement of the suppressed into a conform structure of spiritual life of dictate securing an efficient functioning of an organically necessary structure of socium -- of dictate. At some stages of evolution, this strategic tendency may be shaded, leveled by particular, stochastic superimpositions of their numerical factors slowing down or blocking for sometime an action of strategic determinants. However, the global regularity of evolution determinants does not vanish due to it and in some time it again takes the place, the level, which is characteristic to it. There is an inevitable question: when, at which particular circumstances, where and due to what factors the fluctuation distortions of the strategic determination of dictate evolution discussed above are manifested? The strategic determination and the corresponding process of evolution are a consequence of collision of external determinants and introspective structures of individuals' motivations and, so external aspects determine variations of introspective conscious structures and the whole dictate form. This logical, historically expedient process of evolution has been taking place at many regions starting from a cradle of mankind -- from Between-river, Egypt, India, and so on and completed by Europe. From the other side, in regional sociums having a distorted due to arbitrary reasons sequence of formations and technology evolution (8) (8- Due to ethnical collisions, being far from historical centers of evolution or due to peculiarities of ethnical psycho genotype.) resulted as a rule in lagging behind in the first turn in technology development, a situation may result when minor factors become dominants of evolution. Lagging behind in a level of technology and in other evolution aspects together with ethnical overheating and caused intensification of infrastructural antagonisms in a continuum of social introspection result in reinforcement of a layer of negative passionaries as revolutionaries of all kinds. It produces dictate collisions, riots and extremist forms of dictate. Fascism in Italy became possible only at the epoch of decline, of transition in a second-grade state with a weak technology and then it really had happened. The same is true of mazdakits, (?)Saudelers, Savonarola, Russia, of the Jenghiz Khan Mongolia, and others. That phenomenon is always a short-living according to a historic scale and not only due to an introspective non-correspondence that to the greatest degree is characteristic of the form. Strategic determination of dictate evolution especially at the last phase of civilization and at the transitional to postcivilization having a domination in them of technological determinants eventually results in prevailing of dictate forms corresponding to the more late stages of technology evolution. Besides the main aspects, a developed technology allows to

alienate from production a great number of people particularly for wars, for creation of a new weapon that directly determines both state and dictate prevailing of the socium having a more high level of technology. For example, any ideological and other factors cannot safe a modern China in a conflict with the USA. Even more, an introspectiveness of dictate corresponding to sociums with a more high level of technology results in a situation, when passionarity of individuals of creative kind and of a part of contradictate passionaries acquire a form of a concrete creative work including works necessary to dictate that in turn reinforces the factors of prevailing shown above. So fluctuational concretions of dictate taking place at distortions of an expedient evolution of functional aspects of socium are the deadlocked brunches of the strategic global process of dictate evolution and do not influence the whole history of global socium and dictate. What influence on the history of global dictate was made, for example, by structures of dictate in empire of Inky, Maya, Saudelers, Mazdak, fascism? No influence. These dictate forms were eventually crashed by the sociums that realized a normal, stationary process of dictate evolution and have left no traces in the following dictate forms except for some traces of ethic presence (sometimes in an assimilated form). Evolution of conscious structures or introspection of evolution

In consideration of evolution of structural determinants of consciousness (9) (9 -- Since subconsciousness structures -- hedonistic It of an individual is stable, constant and invariable chronologically, regionally, and ethnically.) and in their dictate functionality, we will use a division of history of the global socium on the same three epochs that were selected in consideration of an external determination of dictate evolution. Peculiarities of the conscious structure, more exactly, peculiarities of domination of consciousness structures in determination of motivation complexes were considered at the beginning of the chapter. Here we will only summarize the conclusions. Epoch of precivilization -- is characterized by an orientation on structures of perception; dominants of expediency of activations prevailed with the aim of surviving, preservation of species, adaptation to external world, i.e., corresponding to structures of I but among creative individuals a development of structures of super-I began. Epoch of civilization. All aspects of super-I are developing both as of a contradictate-creative kind and so of a loyal-injected. Powerful introspective barriers are introduced to sadist, aggressive-individual's motivations. Mystical-ethic and philosophical ideas acquire a status of dictate ideologies injected and imposed to the suppressed. In consciousness of individuals and groups, introspective conflicts of consciousness structures, of mind result in formation of layers and socium groups having dictate-oriented motivations and functions, in social and motivational collisions and in speeding up of evolution of socium and dictate. In spite of external fluctuations and variations, an evolution of spiritual life entails a growth, an expansive spreading of possibilities and means of introspective suppression. Postcivilization and transitional period. While preserving tendencies being dominated in the global socium during the last thousands of years, postcivilization is an epoch of hypertrophy of those dominants and introspections that are present today. An introspective suppression is widening its power to such extent that can touch even subconsciousness and give an illusion of hedonistic satisfaction (see the previous chapters). The brief schematic summation of introspective aspects of dictate in evolution reveals a clear regularity. Starting from on-cliff drawings of precivilization to a global television, video tape recorders and all giant variety of means of introspective affection of the end of XX c., there are two

processes: an intensification of activity of creative mentality of contradictate passionaries (continually and expansively) and spreading of a ring of means, instruments and a volume of introspective suppression. In other words, there are regularities -an evolutive growth of introspectiveness of both a dictate suppression and a contradictate (out-of-dictate) thinking determining an evolution of technology. At the first glance, such a scheme has nothing general, theoretically valuable for explanation of the variety of history that takes place, for example, at epoch of civilization. A reader can come to such conclusion if one has missed a term "global" with respect to dictate and socium. Namely the globalism, the theoretical universality of notions and ideas are the aim of the work. As for the historical hurricane of civilization, the above mentioned notions are completely applicable to it accounting for the fact that these laws are realizing not in the global socium but in a region, ethnos, nation, state asynchronously with the same processes in neighboring and far removed human conglomerations. The asynchronism is the very reason of different collisions because a synchronous development would result in creation of a united system of global dictate that would integrate organically and expansively all lesser substructures of the planet socium. The two correlators suggested above, more exactly, two sides of the same phenomenon in an organic conjunction determine an essence of the united strategic process of dictate evolution: evolution of its introspection from primitive bans, negative taboo injected in I up to complex doctrines of an ethic-mystical kind composing a basement of loyal super-I and in the highest manifestation, to structures and dogmas, injection of which results in positive-dictate, loyal motivations and eventually in motivational involvement, in individual motivational self-assigning to dictate, to its form and concretions. The fundamental law of dictate evolution can be formulated more laconically in the following way: dictate evolution is a development and deepening of its introspective basement reflected in variations of external forms and methods. A progressive growth of dictate introspectiveness is realized as in intensive so in extensive concretions. It is reflected not only in spreading of external, instrumental means of influence on motivation of individuals but to much greater extent in a depth of penetration into consciousness (I and super-I) and in utilization of activations of subconsciousness, in direction of its activations in a necessary, loyal-motivation to dictate way. A depth of penetration of oppression means into structures of consciousness and a level of power of loyal structures in introspection together with a level of positivity of activations of It determine a stage, a phase of dictate evolution. The low of dictate evolution in its introspective treatment is a particular case of a common law of nature respective highly organized mammals that secures co-participation, self-assigning of an individual to a hierarchic structure due to introspective involvement, encouragement of hedonism. Individuals also come to that essence due to evolution yet not of a socium but a biological one. The restrictions imposed on an individual by a teleology of species, kin that suppress or reduce its individual freedom are compensated in a hedonistic way. For example, all the burdens connected with berth and bringing up posterity, which takes a long period for mammals, an individual accepts to oneself being stimulated by a sexual enjoyment. A necessity of physical efforts, a labor becomes a voluntary chose because the endocrine systems were developed in organism during evolution that generate hormones inducing a euphoria in the result of not too heavy labor. The differences of evolutive positivation of motivational involvement in dictate structure are only in a form, means, methods because socium is only a particular aspect of the biological life. Caused by civilization distortions of this basic law of dictate evolution determined by superimpositions of many factors immanent to a concrete epoch reduce nothing in its strategic and principle meaning and only slow

down or neutralize its action for a short period. An entering of socium into epoch transitional to postcivilization results in leveling of consequences, of factors deforming of the basic law of evolution of ethnic, state-ideological, and so on kinds. As a consequence, it is easy to mark the following regularity of realization of the basic law of dictate evolution. At the first epoch, precivilization, natural factors conditioning a presence and a linear evolution of dictate experience a negligible influence of deforming side-line factors. At the epoch of civilization, nonlinear, stochastic, cyclic factors become equal to the main ones or even to be prevailing determinants of evolution, which cannot deny the basic law but can complicate or distort its action at concrete intervals of history. A transition to postcivilization levels the deforming factors and realizes a strategy of the basic law and of the main factors and, in consequence of it, linearize the process of evolution in concretions of history. A role of the main determinant -- an external at that stage, is played by technology that substitutes and adds natural factors. In other words, the strategic, basic law of evolution in social and historical concretions realizes a dialectic evolving spiral of socium and dictate development -- a circular return to the beginning but at a higher level, namely at a level of introspection of dictate. A producer of precivilization was positively-motivationally involved in a structure of dictate form on a basement of subconscious hedonism, because his alienation from dictate, consequently, from socium meant his death. A producer of postcivilization is also positively involved in a dictate structure but on a basement of gigantic growth of technology and so a volume of produces material wealth; the last gives an opportunity to hierarchs partly to encourage hedonism of other layers while transforming an individual into a particle, a microscopic element of technology and economy. Let us expose more widely, specifically an action of the basic law of evolution by considering historical facts and an evolution of layers. An existentially-negative, repressive nature of primitive man determines a necessity of its unification into a socium with a hierarchy of duties and, as a consequence, with a hierarchy of possibilities, which are not arbitrary but namely the possibilities of satisfaction of hedonistic needs. The best food, the best female, the best place in home -- it is a prerogative of the most strong male, who in a course of socium evolution becomes a head, leader, hierarch. A functional inequality of individuals in social opposition, in resistance to nature pressure inevitably determines an inequality in consumption of the minimum of wealth that is produced by socium of precivilization. If a man had been so adjusted to surrounding world and had its own ecological niche as the other gregarious mammals and had been adapting to variations of the surrounding nature with the help of external constitutional mutations, than at that stage dictate evolution would stop and Homo sapience would not take his place on the Earth. However, a man is adapting himself to surrounding world actively using the highest instrument that he was provided for by nature -- the mind, mentality. Due to it, a pure physical prevailing (hedonistic) of a male-gorilla in a human socium cannot last long and is added during evolution by other factors. Not the most strong but the most wise individual having a life experience becomes a leader, who fulfills dictate as by applying physical suppression by other's hands (of conductors) so by using negative motivation bans restricting arbitrary rule of strong males such as customs, taboo, dogmas, mystical and ethical norms, fulfilling of which is secured as by common moral and so, to much larger degree, by conductors and an appearing accompanying layer of sorcerers, magicians, shaman. A character and methods of resistance to external factors influencing human socium and dictate determine a low level of introspective oppression, since the main character of producer's labor does not demand intellectual efforts and is mainly connected with physical labor in hunting, fishing and gathering cereals. The physical character of labor of the suppressed besides just psychological aspects of suppression has another peculiarity that is very

important for individual and socium and concerns of a neuro humoral aspect of functioning of human organism. In man, an amount of several hormones (having various aspects of action), for example of testosterone (10) (10 -- A hormone that affects a protein metabolism, i.e., controls ability to an intensive physical labor: besides that, it determines a sexual activity and a level of aggressive behavior.) due to hard physical labor is reduced that in turn reduces both a level of vivid aggression and an organic striving to hedonism, to one of its forms -- sexual enjoyment. In other words, a character of labor facilitates a strengthening of introspective basements of dictate analyzed in the previous chapters. A stability of technology, i.e., of the sum total of cognitive, creative, technical aspects of socium that directly influence a character of material wealth production and stabilize introspective antagonism in consciousness, is a reason of a huge duration of existence of that dictate form as a stage of evolution. The same factor -- a low level of technology (opposing to natural factors) -- determines also such aspects as minimum of contradictate-creative concretions due to a lack of possibility to alienate a part of wealth for that activity, a lack of state, juridical, military, and so on formations as well as other factors (external determinants of evolution) introducing cyclic and sporadic fluctuations in dictate evolution. Results of contradictate creative work, although being minimal, determined by structures of psychotype of the layer, being accumulated evolutionary as an inheritance of skills, instruments, knowledge, result in the epoch of civilization. At that stage of technology evolution, a transition to agriculture and cattle-breading allows to produce an excess of material wealth that makes a part of socium free of productive labor; these individuals get a possibility to realize peculiarities of their psychotypes, which are different from a psychotype of producers, as hierarchs, conductors, accompanyings. In that case, technology is a factor determining a transition to a new phase of evolution of global socium and dictate -- to civilization and to its development. A concretization of psychotypes of individuals in dictate layers, a complication of both an objective structure of socium and dictate and introspective, spiritual life of socium, an appearance of conglomerates of people having a total sum of motivations of a strategic kind (life securing) opposing (or integrating) themselves motivationally of functionally to other conglomerates of socium infrastructure, to other dictate layers -- these all are not a complete numeration of factors that are additive and are summing with the main factor determining a strategy of dictate evolution -- with technology. Plasticity, variability of the whole efficiency of this continuum of factors, its dependence on regional, chronological, social-ethic, and some other up to purely accidental determinants complicate a process of evolution as in particular region so in connection with others due to an asynchronous evolution of particular factors mentioned above. Under some concrete conditions, ethnic factors are coming at forefront of determination, especially in regions, where many different ethnoses are in contact, under others -- state, under third -- a total sum of these and other factors (see chap.2). However, in any case these factors are a reason that changes a character of evolution, deviations, fluctuations from this (in the literal sense "standard") process that is determined by technology evolution. The deviations may be as positive, accelerating evolution, for example at a phase of ethnos raising and so negative, slowing down an evolution. In spite of a seeming accident of choosing as cardinal determinants of various factors, this process has a strictly determined causal connection with aspects and structures of socium, dictate and individual. Eventually, this cardinality to one or another degree is connected with the same external determinants and introspection of individuals as an evolution of socium representing a general category. Very bright examples are given in work of L.Gumilev in the case, when ethnogenesis prevails as a determinant. An introspective structure of both individual and socium is getting more

complicated, more exactly, namely this complication together with evolution of external determinants (11) (11- Technology being a cardinal determinant is itself a product of spiritual activity of a psychotype -- of contradictate passionaries.) are a basement of evolution of dictate and socium. In essence, the question is: How is the basic low of evolution (as an organic-integral category) realized in one of fundamental elements of its structure -- in individual introspection of a man? Potentials of the basic low of evolution determining a character and an intensity of evolutive changes are realized in concretions of activations (motivations, actions of people) differently depending on an object of influence, i.e., a concrete individual with a concrete psycho physiological genotype. Dictate evolution realizing in differentiated psychotypes of socium members is a causal determinant of socium stratification, of appearance of a functional and hedonistic hierarchy in socium and dictate. So a concrete action of the low of dictate evolution as a versatile process of introspective suppression and contradictateship should be considered differently with application to concrete layers of dictate, to concrete psycho genotypes of individuals. Let us start from the highest layer -- from hierarchs. The layer motivational dominant is a hypertrophied hedonism that is combined depending on concrete historical conditions to some or other degree with passionarity of an aggressive-sadist kind. Prevailing of these dominants conditions the fact that dictate evolution being adequate to evolution of its introspective component, in essence, is miserably reflected in variations of introspective aspects of the layer individuals. Hedonism with a characteristic to hierarchs of sufficiently low level of censorship of super-I represents the determinant of psychological activations that is not deformed (or deformed to a small degree) by dictate evolution, by its external factors or by motivational investitures. A hierarch of a primitive flock, tzar of Sumer or Elam, Egyptian pharaoh, Sicilian tyrant, Chines emperor, king of medieval Europe, hierarch of capitalism -- all of them have identical stereotypes by the essence of their deep motivations, by the vivid motivation determinants, by their attitude to other layers, and integrally, profoundly-fundamentally -- by possibilities of satisfaction and by a degree of completeness of hedonism satisfaction. The dull cannibal (?)Saudeler, multi millionaire of nowadays, prince or enlighten monarch, Savonarola, Mazdak, and so on -- have the same essence of their life philosophy, of conscious motivations and subconscious determinants, although a declared, superficial side of activity may be different. It takes place because an affection of evolutive essences on dictate introspection, from one side, is a realization of concrete needs of the layer, is a product of determinants and motivational complexes, and from the other side, is fulfilled directly through structures of its I and super-I. A structure of super-I in that case (in consciousness of hierarch) is a reflection through a prism of dominated hedonism of external realities securing an individual hedonistic prevailing, i.e., any essence of super-I in one way or another is connected with the expedient actions that secures own individual domination. Changes, deformations, concerning of that dominant (of I) by a structure of moral-ethical kind do not take place in realities of consciousness since the structure is principally weak in the layer and is suppressed by powerful dominants of hedonism. A teleology of an immanent presence and a character of the layer determine both its introspective essence and its static, stability during evolution. Those social restrictions of dictate that appear in the course of evolution and ostensibly restrain, deform a character of hierarch functioning, represent only a variation of a formal side of oppression and concern variations of a form and an introspective basement of other dictate layers, determined by evolution. The next layer in dictate hierarchy is conductors and executors of suppression. Individuals of the layer directly fulfill suppression and due to

it they are present in any dictate form just as hierarchs and producers. The layer has been evolving for the whole history of replacing dictate forms and evolutions of introspections. The layer fulfills a suppression in reality, i.e., hierarchs using peculiarities of a psychotype of the individuals selfassigning themselves to the layer, realize direct functions of suppression. As an essence of suppression both introspective and formal (as a consequence of introspective) changes according to the basic law of evolution, so dictate evolution in its strategic introspection must produce a direct influence, determine a development of both a psychotype of the layer and an introspective component (injected) of consciousness. The basic law of dictate evolution determines a strategic character of evolutive growth of introspective oppression, a shift of suppression accent from a pure physical to a prevailing introspective with penetration into deep layers of subconsciousness. A physical character of the early forms of oppression suggests a low level of components of censorship in super-I connected with the highest ethical and moral dogmas of a humanitarian kind and plasticity, minimal resistance to injection of loyal dogmas combined with passionarity in a form of sadistic aggression and a necessary level of primitive hedonism. This complex gives an opportunity of an optimal fulfillment of suppression to centurion, legionnaire, administrative of Rome, executors of will of hierarchs-priests in city-temples of Mesopotamia, and so on. A rough suppression implies rough instruments -- there are no needs in creative searches, in various instruments and means of suppression, in development of introspective means of loyal dogma injection in consciousness. The further course of evolution determines an expansive growth, a prevailing the very these components of suppression directed at suppression of motivational basement of antagonism to dictate. Dictate evolution in its external form is chronologically accompanied by an appearance and a development of state, state laws and ethics, a religion with its powerful mystic-ethical basement, moral as a total sum of common human ideas, dogmas, norms, customs that regulate as out-of-low people's relations so notions about spiritual and humanitarian values and also ethics, art, literature, science, and so on. Even a superficial glance at these external attributes of socium evolution reveals their direct connection with dictate and their application or an ability of application completely or partly in dictate favor by functionaries of a conductor layer. Evolution in introspective basement determines a shift of functions of conduction and execution of suppression, sharing of them between a layer of conductors and an accompanying layer. Introspection of suppression in evolutive development does not at all exclude a presence in its structure of negative-motivational, prohibitive aspects realized by bureaucratic, military, police apparatus, by organs of jurisdiction, and so on. A phase of evolution determines a level of prevailing over activations of these structures of a motivational suppression of a positive-involving kind produced to a greater extent (in comparison with conductors) by individuals of accompanying layer. In other words, in spite of motivational deformations of the layer, its fluctuations connected with particular-historic determinants and other minor factors, dictate evolution lead to a progressive continual and functional reduction of the layer with transition of a part of its functions to other layers, for example to an accompanying one. There is the following effect of dictate evolution as the general category in a particular application to a layer of conductors: a preservation of qualitative character of functional activations of the layer with a reduction of social and functional continuum of the layer. The preservation of a qualitative invariability of layer activations (just like of the previous layer, considered above) is a causal consequence of a motivation stereotype of accompanying layer irrespective of invested deformations.

From the other side, the law of big numbers together with the results of analysis of population hierarchies of mammals (Maslow) brings us to the conclusion that percentage stability, invariability of structures of socium hierarchy should entail an evolutive growth of the layer continuum. It is true, if we do not consider a difference of human socium from populations of other mammals -namely, a level of development of its mentality, of an introspective essence determining a concrete character of dictate evolution. An introspective character of the dictate evolution law encountering a continually-population growth of hierarchy results in frequent processes of an individual and functional investment into other layers with a transition of functions of psycho genotype dominants into a whole structure of introspections of these layers. In other words, there is a numerical reduction of an individual continuum of layer and investments into other layers (discussed in the previous chapter) and a transition of a part of functions of introspective suppression of a positive kind to an accompanying layer. It is possible to trace the process using historical factology. The epoch of primitive physical dictate -- development of Sumer, Akkad, Ur -- is connected with prevailing of a direct physical suppression by administration and militaries. The same form but at a later stage -- hellenism and ancient Rome -then a part suppression functions (in their motivational basement) transfers to other functionaries: religion-mystic, loyal creators of ethic and aesthetical dogmas and canons and so on, i.e., to representatives of an accompanying layer. The process is growing with appearance and expansion of Christianity as an ethic-mystical ontology of being with immanent-loyal basement (in Europe) and with appearance of Islam in the East, Confucianism in China and similar by basic teachings in other regions. A development of loyal (and also contradictate) creative work: literature, painting, architecture (not in the last turn the castles of hierarchs and temples) sculptures, music leads to development of all-social and all-human ideas on virtues, canons of moral, ethics, and so on, which immediately are utilized by dictate to its purposes. It even more facilitates the evolution process of introspection of suppression and of transaction of a part of functions connected with it to accompanying layer. An architect of an impressive temple or a hierarch's castle, a creator of hymn or statue elevating the terrible figure of an emperor, a Doug, or a condottiere makes a much greater contribution to the total sum of influence of a layer of the suppressed than all hangmen of the epoch especially at a presence of such dominant as technology evolution. The process acquires a character of dominant prevailing at epoch of transition to postcivilization characterized by a gigantic development, hypertrophy of mean of affections on consciousness both qualitative and extensive. Layer of conductors with respect to a total socium population is constantly regressing (12) (12 -- A permanent factor governing the regress is a rapid development of quality and power of weapon, i.e., of means of direct physical suppression.) and transition of functions of introspective suppression is constantly enlarging an accompanying layer. Peculiarities of the layer psychotype -- an aggression of sadist kind and a low level of determinations of super-I -- are a reason of easy injection of loyal ideas in structures of super-I and this phenomenon progresses according to the low of dictate evolution determining a growth of volume and quality of introspective suppression. It determines a hypertrophy of loyalty of the layer individuals. As a consequence of that, executors and conductors of antique are replaced by fanatics of later epochs having a hypertrophy of loyal structures of super-I: inquisitors, Gestapo, and so on. Accompanying layer as a conglomerate of creative-loyal individuals due to its functional predestination and structure of psychotype is the most bright indicator and a concrete illustration, a reflection of the basic low of dictate evolution. An introspective-dictate direction of the layer activity according to the law of evolution is growing both continually (in comparison with other layers outstripping an extensive growth of socium) and functionally. An adequacy of

predestination, a teleology of the layer and a profound, fundamental essence of dictate evolution is the reason that a chronology of dictate evolution is a chronology of an extensive numerical growth of the layer, of its contribution and importance in the whole structure of oppression, an enlargement of variety of functions (cinema, television, and so on) while preserving completely both a character of potentials and activations and psychological structures of motivations, domination and production. There is no need to illustrate the statement since all the history of mankind irrespective of region and ethnic differences is its integral illustration and argument. In other words, in that case also there is a quantitative and formal variation of structure and functioning of the layer without changes of its profound basement and teleology. Negative passionaries represent the layer that directly entails, induces a level of negativity of introspective dictate, a character and a level of combination of components of involvement and prohibition in a whole continuum of methods and instruments of oppression. As mentioned above, the basic low has the main tendency of intraspectivization of oppression complicated by a superposition of fluctuated determinants. In the case of presence of only the strategic tendency, i.e., a linear evolution of introspection to the direction of positive kind of oppression, the layer of negative passionaries would have a permanent tendency of a motivational alienation as it was analyzed in the previous chapters. However, it does not happen because in distinction from the others the layer is not inheritable, permanently-individual but has a concrete-temporal completion, i.e., its deformations, enlargement or reduction reflect to the first turn concrete social, historical and natural determinants. Intervals of history with bright realization of the strategic tendency of intraspectivization of oppression are the epochs, when negative passionaries are alienated and invested in other layers. Reasons for that may be quit versatile but they are obligatory of an introspective-ethical kind -- patriotism, ethnical expansion, and so on. Examples are presented by cooperation of antique states and pirates (of the same ethnos) at moments of repulsion of external expansions, state piracy in Briton, France, Spain in XVI - XVII cc., and so on. In any case, whether for a short or long period, the basic low of evolution determines an alienation of individuals of the layer, although the phenomenon can be leveled by sporadic events, social peculiarities, peculiarities of a hierarch, ethnic phases, cyclic exchange of dictate forms at epoch of civilization, and so on. In essence, a state of the layer is a consequence of antagonism of negative passionarity (a dominant of the layer individuals) representing in the essence a motivational transformation of hedonism and a character of suppression inherent of a given form of dictate. A positive involvement, i.e., an injected invasion through structures of I and super-I and directly into sphere of subconsciousness of hedonistic basement of motivation potentials, is a process of formation of associative arcs bonding external and internal hedonistic aspects and realities of dictate necessities. A stimulation of hedonism results in the inversion of a sign of passionarity at least of the part of layer that is characterized by a comparatively low level of passionarity. An intensification of positive motivational involvement characteristic of the basic law of evolution determines a progressive involvement of the layer individuals in a structure of supporting layers of dictate and vice versa, an intensification of negative- motivational suppression destroying positive-hedonistic associative-reflex arcs results in growing of negative motivation to dictate. Summarizing, it is possible to say that variations of continuum and level of passionarity of the layer are the indicators of a character of oppression in a given region-historical reality (13) (13- Sometimes, this picture is complicated by such factors as ethnic investments of the most passionary (negatively) individuals of neighboring ethnoses or due to peculiarities of socium formation from individuals of just negative-passionary kind (the USA, Australia, South America, and so on). The layer that produces a material basement of socium and dictate and is affected by all concretions of suppression directed on it is the layer of

producers. It reveals the most clear reflection of the law of dictate evolution. Being a direct counteragent of technological determination of the evolution process and a composing part of its technical-economical component, the layer evolves as if in two plans that are independent from each other but are supplemented to each other in the whole process of socium evolution. The first process, aspect is an intellectualization of labor described in the previous chapters as a materialized essence, the resulting effect of technology. Determined by contradictate passionaries, an evolution of technology makes a dominating influence on dictate evolution indirectly through a variation of a necessary character of material production. In their turn, requirements of evolving dictate due to the basic law of evolution make functionaries of oppression to change a character of activations to the direction of a positivemotivational introspection. In other words, two independent dominants are affecting consciousness of an individual-producer and determining the same final effect: a necessity of motivational involvement for efficient labor at a high level of intellectual content of production determined by technological evolution; and a positive-hedonistic involvement with the same aim determined by the basic law of dictate evolution; all of these eventually results in the same effect, in intensification of the evolution process. Here, technology as a determinant plays a two-sided role -- affecting an introspection of an individual directly and indirectly through the process of dictate evolution realized in forms, structures, events. A linear character of evolution process would determine an evolution of producer layer just in this way. However, realities of history are more complex, so let us consider an action of the law of evolution at the epochs discussed above: precivilization, civilization, postcivilization. A slow going dictate evolution at epoch of precivilization conditioned by superposition of natural determinants and a slow evolving technology is as if a prelude to a real evolution process of the layer, because neither dictate nor the layer of producers has yet a strict structure. In essence, hierarchs of the epoch are those only in a sense of appropriation of a part of hedonistic wealth but do not alienate themselves from production (i.e., gathering food) and guarantee of security. On the contrary, hierarch, i.e., the strongest male, is the most strong weapon of socium in a struggle against external factors. Strictly speaking, an evolution of the layer begins namely from the appearance of labor as a process of influence on an environment (agriculture, cattle-breeding), i.e., with change of a technology level and connected increase of a volume of produced material wealth as a basement for existence of all parasitic structures of socium and dictate: hierarchs, conductors, accompanyings, and so on. An action of the law of evolution at the epoch as described above conditions a character of evolution of the layer of producers. Being a consequence of the basic law, the strategic tendency determines the main regularity of evolution of producer layer: a technologically determined intraspectivization of labor and suppression. As for concrete structures and dictate basement at the epoch, they depend on complex interactions of ethnic, ideological, natural, subjective, and some other factors. This is an explanation of the fact that actions of the basic law of evolution are clearly revealed at prolonged historic intervals and short historic periods exhibit concretions of dominants of a quit various nature. Let us look, for example, at a period from VII-IX to XX c. in West Europe. In general, it confirms the basic law but particular intervals of the period in different regions present concretions determined by quit various factors: Hanse, Venetian republic, Savonarola, French revolution and the following epochs, Bulgaria and Greece of the epoch of being conquered by Turks, Christian sects. The same statements are applicable to any other regions and sociums having a sufficiently long chronological evolution. The epoch of postcivilization and its transitional period, characterized by coming to a forefront as a basic dominant of socium (global) the technology, presents the most bright, logically regular concretization of the basic law of evolution with respect to the layer of producers with the all mentioned above immanent essences

and factors. Contradictate passionaries due to their alienation, removing from dictate -in motivations, spirit, potential and accidental -- is an independent layer with respect to dictate in a process of its dialectic evolution and simultaneously the initiative determinant of technology evolution. It is true of the whole layer but accidental factors of a positive-motivational involvement described in the previous sections and chapters and connected with the strategic tendency of suppression (as a consequence of the basic law) result in a partial alienation of the least passionary individuals of the layer having some plasticity of structures of super-I with respect to dictate's inculcations into consciousness. In other words, dictate evolution determines only some quantitative continual changes of the layer leaving untouched the functional and introspective basement and teleologism. Conclusions The basic law of dictate evolution with its introspective essence, tendencies and concrete-temporal fluctuating realities determines both a strategic character of suppression evolution and external concretions of socium existence (economic, policy, culture, ethics) and simultaneously in a very specific way affects structures, layers composing a basement of its own existence. Considered layers of dictate with immanent psycho genotypes in a course of evolution show a principle peculiarity connected with the ability to stable preservation by a majority of individuals of each layer of psychotype peculiarities important for efficient functional activations of layer continuum. Investment and deformation-evolutive changes of motivational stereotypes are the reason, a cardinal determinant of infrastructural motivational and activational collisions, i.e., eventually of continualintrospective determinants of dictate evolution as a whole. So we can say that dictate as a category and materialized social essence and evolution of dictate as objective teleological processes are determined by a presence of external determinants, immanent to individual structures of thinking (mind, consciousness, and so on), layer-dictate psycho genotype stereotypes subject to dynamic shifts and deformations that results in social-dictate infrastructural collisions. Dialectic hierarchic manifestation, activation of these structures and factors are the reason of dictate evolution, i.e., of a social essence determining to some or other degree all aspects of socium existence. The next chapters will be devoted to analysis of a character of determination by dictate of various sides of socium life. Chapter 5 Dictate and state State (1) (1- Here, the term "state" has a wider meaning than usually. It includes any formal social or political hierarchy of dictate formed by rights, customs, taboo, ideology, i.e., along with traditional state it is a community, tribe, ethnos, religions conglomerate, and so on.) is an external form, a social materialization of the general category of dictate. It is a complex of external (with respect to a concrete individual) structures that reflects, realizes dictate layers with appropriation to them concrete functions, rights, duties, advantages and official status. An expedient adequacy of rightful and willed appropriation of corresponding aspects of state power to dictate layers according to the criteria of maximal efficiency of suppression (and functioning of dictate and socium) is an index of dictate progressive value of a state. The adequacy is conditioned by several factors both of a principle character determined by a level of dictate genesis and of a formal, concrete-social character (eventually also determined by dictate genesis). An invective shift of dictate layers often results in such state

fluctuating forms (that are always historically short-lived), where a decisive role is played by an individual will, arbitrary rule of individuals or groups of selected layers and quit not always of hierarchs. Nero, Sulla, Sicilian tyrants, mazdakism, epoch of soldiers' emperors of Rome, Savonarola, mamelukes, fascism in Germany, Mao - this is a wide of complete list of possible examples. The situation is usually conditioned either by externally determined fluctuations of dictate evolution or, more often, by entering of a concrete dictate form and consequently of a state into a phase of obscuration and disintegration. So far as all the social including evolution of dictate is an integral product of individual activity determined by mentality and motivational essence of concrete individuals so adequacy of state-functional aspects to layers of dictate hierarchy depends to great extent on correspondence of a continuum of formal state factors and essences to motivational stereotypes and functional teleologism of dictate layers. A dissonance between declared principles of state, its legislative and political basement and expediency of functioning of state structures (structures of suppression) and also of real social situation and motivations of individuals is a measure of efficiency of state form, its adequacy to requirements of evolving dictate irrespective of whether the dissonance is a consequence of dictate genesis or of some subjective reasons. The problem of adequacy of state teleology and individual motivations (2) (2 -Although not in a general case of evolving dictate, its stratified structure with immanent psycho genotypes, i.e., with gradation of the correspondence.) was discussed indirectly by many philosophers: Epictetus, Seneca, Plotinus, Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Augustin, Thomas Aquinas, Montaigne, Helvetius, Nietzsche, Heidegger, and others. These men of great intellect with a characteristic magnificence analyzed various aspects of the problem including ethical, functional, ethnogenesis, and so on, and their arguments and conclusions will be used in analysis in the chapter. Since state power is a material form of a concrete dictate, so the second aspect of analysis in the chapter will be a determination by dictate evolution (as a general category introspective in its basement) of concrete structures, factors and institutes of state including ideology, ethics and moral, administrative hierarchy and military structures, legislative norms and penitential system, level of arbitrary rule and structures restricting it, and so on. An internal, deep foundation of a state, its basement in people's consciousness and in external form is presented by ideas and principles that found its necessity and expedience and justify in introspection of the suppressed a necessity of hedonistic alienation. Of course, a hierarch of flock or a leader of primitive tribe while settling a concrete dictate structure may not declare and present for the whole community judgment the main ideas of his own prevailing. Still, they are present -- the ideas of a moral right of a strong man on prevailing in hedonism, on an expediency of his own domination, and so on. A degree of correspondence of the ideas to realities of objectivity, a logic of their concretions, a symbolic formulation and other aspects -- these are the questions relevant already to a form, to the next phase of dictate evolution. The essence is in the fact that any dictate in a form of state has in its foundation some ideas and principles being injected into consciousness of the suppressed with an aureole of necessity, expediency, common weal, ethical beauty. Still, real, deep motivations of state (dictate) are invariant from the first steps of mankind (3)(3 -- This very basic statement of the work has been analyzed and argued in the previous chapters.), although ideas and principles composing its basement have been varying and evolving with dictate. A dissonance between an introspective dictate essence, its hierarchy of motivations and suppression in concrete state forms and realities of life and between a declared ideology -a complex of basic ideas and principles -- is one of the main factors conditioning a presence of introspective collisions and an appearance

due to it of contradictate and negative motivations and a reduction of efficiency of oppression, of dictate (and state). Let us consider the statement in the light of evolution of introspective component of dictate and historic realities of state power. An introspective gist of dictate as a category and a real essence is an organic conglomerate of hedonism of hierarchs of positive-motivated layers and a repression of external dominants and motivational complexes of the suppressed determining level, intensity and direction of their production efforts. A unipolarity, minimization of the above mentioned dissonance is conditioned, first, by correspondence of a declared sum of principles and ideas to necessities of dictate, i.e., to hedonism of the highest layers of hierarchy and to dictate potential to withstand against external deforming factors, and, second, by its satisfaction of a structure of conscious dogmas, criteria, notions and subconscious motivations, instincts of the suppressed -- of producers. Leader of a flock -- the strongest male while appropriating to himself the rights and functions of a hierarch and providing himself with hedonistic prevailing (food, shelter, females) takes upon himself the functions of main support, defense, food obtaining. Here, the real and injected indirectly (not declared consciously) in consciousness of the suppressed dogma of physical domination and so of a hedonistic prevailing responds, from on side, to interests of hierarch and, from another side, to a structure of conscious determinants of motivations of the suppressed, since in introspection an alienation of a part of hedonistic wealth is compensated by a higher level of protection from external factors. It is an aspect of hedonism, since the male's power, his aggression, fighting qualities and, the most important, motivational direction of activations are a weighty factor in securing surviving of an individual, flock and posterity. In lacking factors determining a disharmony and introducing in it some evolutive determinants (4) (4 -- First of all, it is a technology evolution, determined by contradictate passionaries and also external factors and connected with these two groups consequent factors.) such state power can last very long, during an interval of existence of concrete spices of highly progressed mammals. A civilization has started and at its very early stages the previous position changed completely; gerontocrasy of tribe communities determines the inversion of the above mentioned harmony of ideology and concretions into an internally antagonistic system of taboo and customs directed on restriction of an arbitrary rule of strong individuals, creation of socium hierarchy and on motivational-activational concretions of elite, dominating persons. Ideology of early stages of community-tribe forms of socium represents a sum of ideas and principles aimed on protection of elderly, women, children from an arbitrary rule of the strong; the ideas and principles are fixed in a system of nonwritten right and are secured by gerontocrasy as carriers of collective ideology and memory. A functional aspect of prevailing of the strongest in a flock, which is socially-expedient and so introspectively compensating a hedonistic domination, at this stage is divided. A functional expedient domination of a strong is alienated from hedonism since hierarchs of tribe not at all are the most valuable individuals in provision of functional-vivid concretions of socium. At the stage, ideology of state is losing its bio-social foundation and starts to acquire aspects of ethical, loyaldictate, conjunctive-demagogic kind immanently inherent also to all following state forms. A complex of ideas and norms lying in the basement of commune-tribe state represents a sum of spiritual, introspective essences, which potential-activational predestination is to compensate a hedonistic inequality in consciousness of socially valuable suppressed individuals . An uncompensated dissonance has appeared as an introspective collision between declared ideology (as a kind of customs, taboo, beliefs, early ethics) and a character of hierarchic possibilities of hedonism satisfactions, which is not compensated by a collective

necessity. This is only a beginning phase of the process of an evolution determination by dictate of introspective collisions between a state ideology and external concretions reflected together in consciousness of individuals. Further dictate evolution results in appearance of a new form -- a slavery having a strict determination of hierarchy layers and differentiation of functional and hedonistic potentials of individuals. The previous epochs represent just a prehistory of dictate and state. An appearance of the early slavery states in Mesopotamia determines a beginning of such aspects of state power (a dictate concretion) as an officially declared ideology, laws, structure of state power (of dictate), and so on. Ideology of slavery includes several principal components inherent to the all following forms of state ideology and conditioned by a development, evolution both of dictate directly and indirectly through it by some external determinants such as technology, ethnic, and so on. An aspect of socium that cardinally determines dictate evolution of state ideology is an appearance of collective memory -- writing, from ideographical to symbolic one that allows to preserve ideas and transfer them from generation to generation missing subjects-carriers. Due to it, from one side, stable complexes of ideas appear as basements of ideology fixed outside consciousness of individuals and, from another side, it facilitates a conservatism of ideology and an appearance of dialectic conflicts between varying socium, dictate and a static, conservative ideology of state power. All numerous factors-determinants of ideology make contributions in continuum of ideas-basements of state power and accompanying layer of dictate appearing on arena of history become a materializer that makes a concrete ideology of state power. It evolves from priests of town-temples and loyal creators of first states of Sumer and Akkad to a gigantic conglomerate of individuals of the layer nowadays. At early stages of slavery, the function of the layer is fulfilled by priests of town-temples and loyal creators. The essence, psychotype of the dictate layers determines a gist of ideas, their formation and attitude to state power. A religiousness of individuals of that epoch is an immanent feature as well as their sociability: religion as a system of ontological, ethical, mystical, and so on ideas tied in an eclectic conglomerate is organically connected with state system not only in a formal way (since hierarch of town-temple is also an ideological hierarch) but also with the help of ideas. Due to that unity, religion becomes an ideal justification, a lawyer of existing order, giving an expedient teleology to it using arguments of ontological, ethical, and mystical kinds. Religion, as dictate ideology, consecrated first of all community-social, ethnic, dictate, and, as a wreath of a form, state essences of socium. More over, it came forward as a cementing beginning, similar to ethnic self-assigning, by alienating from performance of religious cults of slaves and aliens (5) (5 -Ranking to a cult of the most suppressed producers of socium is inevitably connected with presence in structure of a state ideology, in that case of religion, of components of masochist-mystic kind tied with dogmas of ethic, recompensation, virtue, and so on, inherent to the later forms of religious ideology. A religious cult presented the essence, the beginning that united members of socium having a common wealth, opposing it to external natural forces and other sociums. This peculiarity of religious ideology of an early slavery is well combined with a tolerance to alien ideologies -- to religious cults. The cults of (?)Enke in (?)Eredy, (?)Enlil in (?)Nippyr, (?)Dingimah in Adoba, (?)Ngatumdy in Lagash, (?)Inana in Uruk, and so on, well coexist at the same chronological intervals of history. That peculiarity is easily accounted for by the fact that the religion of early slavery did not contain (in its basement) features of a direct ideological suppression, introspective injections of loyalty but only

features of a social conglomeration, of state-ethnic co-assigning. As for suppression, it has features and dominants of a direct forced influence, physical compulsion without weighty features of introspection. A presence of features such as a motivational state-ethnic self-assigning, social conglomeration and a lack of features of direct motivational suppression, of injected-instructive dictate -- is a reason of a social and dictate (and so, formal state) positivity, progressiveness of state ideology of the epoch. Roots, psycho physiological basements of this idyllic harmony are determined by the following factors. A starting phase of technology development and connected to it by bilateral ties a continuum of contradictate passionaries having a low quality and minimal volume, determines a low level of motivations of super-I structures. It in turn entails a prevailing of I structures and hedonism of It, i.e., structures of external expediency of a primitive hedonism, which are stimulated by a co-participation to a concrete socium, and so to a corresponding declared ideology in a form of a concrete cult. An absolute acceptance of religious categories and dogmas (6) (6 -- To reach atheism in its very early form -- of antique philosophy, mankind had have to pass thousands of years of evolution of socium, dictate and mentality.) associated with the highest hierarch of dictate -- the highest priest of temple-town together with hedonistic-positive involvement, co-participation in a concrete cult (as shown above) determines a lack of motivational dissonance and an acceptance by an individual of declared ideology (in that rudimentary form as it was), and consequently an introspective perception, self-assigning to dictate of the suppressed -- of producers. Namely this feature -- a lack of repressing ideophobic state power to antagonists, a high level of toleration to alien cults is one of the reasons of involvement without an introspective-injected suppression. The second easing the same effect not less important feature of character of dictate determined ideology is a lack in cultures of the given epoch of a harmonious system of loyal-dictate ethical and ethic-ontological dogmas and points of view characteristic of ideologies and religions of the following epochs. An eclectic complexity of rather vague notions and ideas explaining an external world conditions the fact that the ideology of dictate epoch under consideration - a cult ideology - in not an instrument of suppression but as an ideal basement of a form of state power realizing dictate at a basement of positive-hedonistic involvement. Summarizing, it is possible to say that at a given stage of development of dictate determined ideology of objective conditions of socium, i.e., a dialectically interconnected complex of external determinants and all aspects of functioning socium correspond to a dictate introspection in consciousness of individuals, more exactly, a level of dissonance in their consciousness is comparatively low for determination of negative to dictate motivations. The next cardinal factor determining a character of dictate influence on state ideology, its efficiency, a degree of its acceptance by individuals at all epochs is a presence of other ideas and ideologies, an extent of their accessibility to socium individuals. A collision in consciousness of individuals of ideas of different directions, of efficiency and level of intellectual power and adequacy to realities of being results in deformation of introspective-injected determinations of a loyal-dictate kind, in introduction in the structure of super-I determinations of a negative and contradictate kind and so in appearance of motivational dissonances entailing a lowering of level of ideological involvement, lowering of efficiency of state system (form of dictate). A presence at that epoch of formally different ideology-cults -- which are very similar according to their essence and ideological content -- due to an amorphous eclecticism of dogmas, mutual toleration does not result in the above mentioned effects. A comparatively small continuum of contacting sociums and an approximate uniformity of stages (phases) of their

ethnogenesis determine a uniformity of ideological basement of declared ideology and so levels possibilities of its external inversion. One more factor determining an activity and efficiency of declared ideology, i.e., its adequacy to realities reflected in categories of consciousness at all epochs of dictate evolution and concretely at the considered epoch of early slavery is an ideological succession, an extrapolative logic of evolving sequence of ideologies without introduction of sudden changes in a structure of introspective determinants and dogmas injected by dictate. Social collisions in a form of revolutions, ethic expansions, stateideological antagonisms entailing illogical jumps, qualitative, principle deformations of ideological basements (but not of forms as they are secondary) result in softening of ideological injected structures of consciousness that block breaking into motivations of contradictate and negative dominants. Producers, contradictate passionaries, accompanying layers at the epochs of ideological bursts in their majority preserve a conservatism of psychology stereotype and new by ideas, by dogmas ideologies can touch these psychotypes only superficially. A restricted acceptance of a new ideology as a structure of conscious determinants of I and super-I is possible only for a small part of hierarchy having a plastic, reacting on conjuncture-concrete ideological complexes, consciousness that results in deformation of psychotypes (described in chap.3) and so in alienations from and investments to dictate layers. As for a majority of individuals, in their consciousness negation (principle) of dogmas of loyalty to dictate and to its concretions -to state form and an intensive inculcation of new dogmas and ideas result only in subconscious (and conscious) feeling, in an idea of relativity of ideology in general, in subconscious nihilism, in reduction of effect of ideology as an aspect of state power. As a result, it increases a continuum of layers functionally antagonistic to dictate and state and decreases loyalty, conformism, unidirectionality of motivations of functional dictate layers. At the epoch under consideration, something hardly can be told about a succession, because as state power so ideology are in an embryonic stage. A succession is present in a sense that an essence of religious cults of towntemples is a logic development of those subconscious natural-biological ideas taking place in an unformed ideology of flock and tribe. Ideas of divinity of nature, a dying and resurrecting god, and others represent a mystic reflection in consciousness of infinite mysteries and essences of surrounding nature without introduction of subjective components connected with man, i.e., namely those essences that determine a character of ideology in flock and tribe. This fact determines and accounts for both the described above self-assigning to a cult (ideology) and a hedonistic in its basement positiveness of motivations of loyal-dictate kind. The next cardinal factor of dictate determination of state ideology efficiency is a presence and a level of development of infrastructure sources generating ideas and ideologies principally different from an officially-declared state ideology. As these generators are always conglomerates of contradictate or rear negative passionaries, so the factor is directly determined by a level of positive-motivation involvement in dictate structure, by a level of state attraction and encouragement of intellectual elite. An influence of ideas generated by contradictate intellectuals is stronger as it is in a harmony accord with the basic subconscious motivations of It. So a presence of infrastructure generators of contradictate ideas and dogmas immanent to developed sociums determines a motivational dissonance in introspection of the suppressed as a result of superposition of antagonistic ideologies. A completely physical character of suppression of the epoch, a weak development of layer of contradictate passionaries (both qualitative and quantitative), a lack of formed complete ideology of oppression as a state's one -- all these factors are the

basement and determinant of a low level, unimportance to social-dictate of dissonance between a declared ideology as a basement of state and reflected realities of objective world. Another predestination of state ideology is a decoration, substitution or camouflage of ideological basement of dictate in a form of state power by dogmas, ideas, motivations of ethical kind in a form of patriotic, ethic, chauvinistic, and so on psychological structures. The motivational dissonance discussed above can for a time be leveled by powerful motivations of collective-ethnical kind based on positive-motivation (hedonistic inside) selfassigning to ethnos. A transformation of hedonistic--gregorian ethnic motivations into loyal-state, loyal-dictate ones leveling a profound contradictate passionarity of individualism represents in its essence a concretion of the Freud substitution, of a cardinal mechanism of a psychic adaptation. Namely of an adaptation, since the mechanism at a given concrete case (socium) is a prevailing feature of an individual having a low level of motivational, intellectual, passion power and a plastic consciousness (producers, accompanyings, conductors). At the stage under consideration, evolution of state power determined by dictate, its ideological basement, ethnos, ethnic motivations are in a rudimentary state, so the above mentioned mechanism stays idle and there is no need in it yet. At that stage, ideological basements of state reign undividedly in consciousness of individuals. Passing by some intermeddle stages, let us consider the epoch of antique Hellinism. It is epoch of large ethnic conglomerates: Egypt, Persia, Greece, China, India, later Rome. Philosophical, theological, ethical teachings appear and are developed mutually influencing each other, a system of collective memory is being developed from hieroglyphic writing to context-symbol signs, all of this is a result of activity of contradictate. New features of state power appear: legalized hierarchy of administration, legislation and courts, penitential system, professional army, and others. A complication of state power (concretion of dictate) requires (and in its turn determines) a change of principle, ideological basements of state -- their formation into a logic, organic system of ethic-philosophical essences that unite a state (dictate) and common weal (hedonistic continuum). The system is accepted as an official ideology, measures are undertaken for its guarding and conservation, preservation from external deforming influences. In essence, ideological basements of state as a social form of dictate are an ethic proof of necessity and expediency of namely a given, concrete dictate form and so they reflect, to one or another degree transformeddecorated, the main features of the form. A developed slavery as a form of dictate is characterized by such features as presence of the highest autocrat (or, before, oligarchy), layer of hierarchs, tough physical suppression with growing component of introspective suppression (its character will be discussed later), powerful processes of ethnogenesis with some specific features (7) (7- Ethnos was formed as a prevailing conglomerate with respect to aliens. Those who did not belong to the ethnos (Egypt, Athens, Rome, and so on) were mainly the suppressed, persons of lower level with respect to ethnos-dominant.), hedonistic (potential), social, functional and also legislative stratification of socium. A presence of powerful external determinants of dictate, natural and ethnical, determines a necessity of efficient dictate unifying individual motivations to withstand against external perturbations, and so on. These features are directly or indirectly (associatively) reflected in ideology of slavery, in ideologies of state basement of the epoch. A main factor of ideological basement of state at the epochs is an accepted from previous epoch of state power religion, a mystic-ontological ethic of state power, which in spite of appearance and development of philosophical, abstract ideologies still is a cardinal instrument of dictate (8) (8- Due to the

same absolute, total religious feeling, since a few skeptics and atheists of Hellinism have appeared only later and most often were rejected by socium (Diogenes).). Let us consider the main features of state religions of different states of the epoch. In Egypt, state religion, its notions and hierarchy of pandemonium directly depend on a Pharaoh establishing a cult of Amon, Aton, animalist gods Apis, (?)Socnebtyunis, and others. Ptah directly reflects a structure of extreme centralization of state, of autocracy in orthodox form - in Pharaoh power. A promotion of one of the mentioned gods as the highest hierarch of Egyptian pantheon and association of Pharaoh with him as his human hypostasis (or a direct pointing of that) of mystical essence and will is an invariable religious component of ideology. A lack or a low level of rational knowledge and ideas attainable by suppressed layers is the reason of more deep influence on them of religious aspects of state ideology. Inclusion in it of features of mystical predetermination and expediency using an association of pantheon hierarchy -is only one superficial feature of dictate determination of ideology. A lack of rational knowledge on surrounding world (9) (9- At least, of relativistic experience knowledge supported by accepted social authorities of intellect, by commonly attainable logical theories.) and an absolute introspection of religion impart to powerful manifestations of nature, natural calamities suppressing by their power a people's consciousness, making them helpless in front of elements, a character of mystical-supremacy, divinity. Hedonism of It together with helpless consciousness entails an introspective submission, an internal acceptance of existing order of the world and itself as an object subordinated, helpless and, together with associated representations of natural-pantheistic hierarchy in social media, -- a transition of these notions in a field of infrastructure-dictate relations. A concrete representation of hierarchy pantheon is only a mean for solution of social-dictate collisions. For example, replacement of the supreme hierarch of pantheon of Amon-Ra for Aton was only an ideological screen in a struggle with large ancestral nobles (10) (10 - Especially when we account that besides the official religion there were many regional pantheons and hierarchs.). Memorials of Egyptian written language reached nowadays from the Rosette stone to " Book of dead" and "papyruses from garbage" have no evidence of a presence of complete, logical, philosophical, ethical teachings and theories. Those rudiments of theoretical notions on man present, for example, in "Book of dead" have a brightly expressed theology-mystical, religious roots and besides that they hardly could have been attainable by a wide circle of people from suppressed layers. A powerful ethnic pressure on socium of Egypt was a reason (11) (11- As shown above, powerful external ethnic collisions increase a social-dictate role of professional worriers and at some stage an efficient form of dictate in socium opposing alien ethnoses turns to be a form similar to a military one - to hierarchic autocracy.) that ideology was reduced to a religious-mystic intensification in introspection of individuals of categories of necessity and expediency of the very concrete dictate form - the autocracy of Pharaohs. The next region - Iran at epoch from Achaemenids to Sassanids -- -is characterized both by development of a physical dictate and a mystic-ethical ideology of Zoroastrianism from the early stages to formation into dogmatic religion and by appearance of contradictate theories such as manichaeism. Zoroastrianism with its supreme mystical hierarch - Ahura Mazdah at an early stage of development gets on with a cult of more ancient gods of natural-element's pantheon: Mitra, (?)Anakhita, and so on. A duality of good and evil carrying superficially a charge of contradictateship was not understood, was adopted by dictate and rejected by it. The reason was a lack of necessity in ideological basement, of introspective substantiation of its necessity and expediency for socium. A development of dictate from physical suppression in town-temples to

slavery state with an immanent extension of physical repression of the suppressed and with centralization of power structures (12) (12- The maximal level of physical suppression is always connected with state autocracy.) is a basement and a determinant of evolution of state ideology to the direction of personification of a hierarch of mystical pantheon in a hierarch of dictate. Starting from the times of Magian-priests, Zoroastrianism has been not only transformed into official religion ideology of state, its ideological content has been changed also. Well beginning, the good in incarnation of Ahura Mazdah is associated with hierarch of dictate, tzar who acquires the features of an incarnated common weal, a well teleological expedient essence not only immanent to socium being but also having a mystic-divine basement, aureole. Power and fatality of nature negative to a subject reflected in a pantheon of element's mysticism are added at the given stage of dictate evolution not only by an associative incarnation of a pantheon hierarch in a hierarch of dictate. A complication of structure and instruments of suppression entails also an appearance in religious (in its basement) ideology of ideas of an ethic-ontology kind loyal to dictate. Being contradictate at a moment of appearance, these ideas then are adopted to introspective necessities of suppression and become a beginning embryo of a powerful ethnic (ontological) complex that makes a basement of introspection of any following form of dictate. Categories of ontological duality of (?)Mazdeits besides association of the weal with autocrat introduce in consciousness of individuals the ideas of personal virtues, dignity and socium weal. At epoch of early Sumer, ethic of sociums of Elam, Akkad, Ur while corresponding to dictate structure did not regulate a violence with respect to alien individuals. Killing of a captive was a norm, since the suppression lacked necessary means for keeping a slave under subordination. A development of suppression's means resulted in slavery and ethic norms immediately appeared of non-acceptance of killing as captives so the lowest members of socium that were then fixed in state legislative acts. Evolution of dictate and connected alienation of a part of hedonistic wealth and also a necessity (for hierarchs) of defense of their individual hedonistic prosperity necessitate an introduction in state ideology, invested in consciousness of individuals as a complex of ethical norms and virtues, such notions as self-sacrifice, courage (for opposing of ethnic and state antagonists), state patriotism, and others. Dictate evolution results in an appearance of social-dictate collective ethics, at the beginning as customs and rules of encouragement of carriers of loyal virtues (13) (13 -- -Encouragement always has a hedonistic basement, stimulates deep layers of subconsciousness creating in this way the most stable motivations. Women, fame, wealth and again women -- there are many examples in works of Montaigne, Helvetius, and others.) executed under supervision of gerontocrasy of a tribe and which then were transformed into an ideological basement of loyal creative works, literature, ethics, laws. Collective systems of memory are developing - a written language is the basement for a loyal socium ethics, which will then conjugate with religious ethics. From the moment of appearance, written language, written works have included two flows: creative works of contradictate passionaries attainable to mind of a small group and so rendering negligible a direct influence on collective ethics and loyal to dictate acts of creative works. "Book of the Dead" -- is an example of the most early work of the first group, while "(?)papyruses from garbage", Avesta -- are examples of the second. Ideological basements of state in the course of evolution of dictate while preserving religious components (and widening them) to greater extent orient on structures of collective ethics with all their immanent features. The most bright examples are China and antique Mediterranean (Greece and Rome) starting from VIII-VII cc, BC. A religious component of state ideology in these regions differs qualitatively but preserves the basic features described above. A spontaneous burst of contradictate creative works in

antique Greece having called forth a great number of giants of mind resulted in a situation, when a stability of religious basement of state power being characteristic of Elam, Sumer, Egypt started to wash away. There are many reasons for that as of objective-social (determined by dictate introspection) so of subjective-creative kind. A development of technology, sea navigation, appearance of beginning sprouts of natural knowledge, increase of armament and social-ethic consolidation of activity resulted in appearance in people's consciousness (at least in a part of them having mind, intellect) of the first gleams of atheism, non-acceptance of mystic-ontological basement of religion and causally of its ethical component. Namely that period is marked by the appearance of teachings of (?)Kanada, Leucippus, Democrites, Anaximander, Anaxagoras, skeptics carrying in them a charge of a contradictate atheistic kind. A development of dictate-determined creative works -- from on-wall apologies to hierarchs to marvelous art works in Greece and Rome, besides injection of loyal to dictate ideas of an ethic-aesthetic kind, injects in consciousness of individuals (especially with accepting genotypes) ideas of real aesthetic, greatness of man and his works, of his power and mind. Sculptors, architects, writers of Greece and Rome have elevated these ideas to such heights of creative concretions that it inevitably entailed lowering of potentials of religious ideas. Grown on that basement ethical dogmas of Hellenes being conglomerated in a category "(?)calocagaty" have a double essence -- a loyal-dictate and an objectivelyvirtue. A combined action of factors while reducing an efficiency of religious determination in structure of state ideology, results in an appearance of motivational dissonance between injected in mentality structure (all structures of mind) ideological dogmas as determinants of motivations necessary to state and reflected in the mirror of new acquired categories of thinking objective realities of dictate. Besides the above mentioned, at that epoch a strategic process started that has been continuing for the all following history of mankind, The category "calocagaty" and connected ideals and virtues combining a perfection of all aspects of individuals have an absolute, objective and not bound to dictate, moreover, opposed to it essence. However, evolving dictate in a concretion of state power utilizes that category, the result of activity of contradictate passionaries, in its pragmatic aims. It is conducted using the same trick that was used by dictate in utilization of Zoroastrianism, i.e., by transition of a sphere of action of the category, a personification, identification of teleology of its carriers with the expediency of functioning dictate. Virtues and ideals of the category are not only recognized but are even elevated, glorified by state ideology only when they are applied in favor of dictate and socium. Killing in favor of dictate is a fit, but in somebody own interests (different from dictate) is a crime. Courage in repulsion of external aggression is good, courage in opposition to dictate is evil, and so on. Any essence, any act of creative work and spirit is accepted by state ideology and glorified even with particular contradictate essence when it can be used, prostituted by dictate. A person even at the very early age carries in its consciousness the categories of good, evil, beauty, force, and so on. These categories are organic and alienated from social (14) (14- In their basement but not in conceptions that are perverted and pragmatized by dictate with the help of collective ethics.), dictate, state power. Their utilization by dictate is a cardinal essence, a basement of state ideology (prolonged also in the following state forms) and is the main reason of appearance of a motivational dissonance reducing injected introspective bans, dogmas, criteria. It is connected with dictate necessities. Prostituting by dictate of objective-invariant ethical categories and application of them in their pragmatic aims are necessitated by desire, first, to neutralize negative hedonistic determinants (breaks through of subconsciousness) and, second,

to make a hedonistic stimulation of carries of applied virtues. A presence of these components in structure of state ideology reduces to a minimum a motivational dissonance and so negative to dictate motivations. For example, in Greece at a time of Pericles governing an application and development for the aims of dictate of those discussed above human virtues were encouraged by stimulation of hedonistic basements of individual. A winner of Olympic games, philosopher, brave warrior, a carrier of ethical virtues -- they all are elevated and rewarded and in that way a passionarity of outstanding individuals is directed in a channel of loyal to dictate activity. However, that situation carries an organic structure determining a presence of introspective antagonism. Its essence is in the following. A state ideology in any of its speculative concretions and any methods of prostitution of spirit in each concrete case represents a conservative, static complex of some ideological dogmas of a loyal-dictate orientation. The static, stability of the ideological system is connected with the stability of system of state power (dictate), since it represents an introspective, mental reflection in a loyal-positive form of dictate realities. Sharp variations even of some formal structures of ideology result in weakening of introspective foundations of dictate (15)(15 -- The exchange in Egypt of pantheon's hierarch of Amon-Ra for Aton resulted in weakening of state and ethnical structures of socium and in increased pressure of hettes; variations of Christianity (heresies) weakened the church as a whole (its ideological-introspective influence) and dictate.). From the other side, those individuals of socium who are carriers of realities of declarativeprostituted by dictate spiritual and physical virtues, being outstanding subjects, they have a propensity to individual, to individual thinking, activity, ethics, and so on. A resourceful creator, outstanding military leader, philosopher, and others, due to a contradictateship cannot regulate their activities. A structure of motivational determinants of these individuals is principally wider of a circle inculcated by state ideology dogmas. As a result, an activational continuum of socium includes a considerable component of activations of a negative-dictate kind produced by carriers of the very dogmas and virtues that are utilized by state ideology. The phenomenon necessitates a repressive suppression by dictate as a state form of those individuals that results in a conflict in consciousness of structures of super-I injected by dictate ideology and structures of an expediency to external world (I) reflecting, associating interconnections of virtues and their repressive suppression. Most of all, that peculiarity is characteristic of dictates of an extremistautocratic ( or oligarchic) kind, at which a primitive ideology is the most important component of suppression and it always includes the discussed above categories connected with spiritual-thinking invariants. That phenomenon of evolution also takes place at the epoch under consideration. Blossoming of contradictate creative works in all forms, a prosperity of free thinking and so an evolution technological determination of dictate results in advanced dictate forms with structures, whose predestination and functionality will stay invariable for the all following history. These directly attributed to suppression structures determine a double attitude of loyal ideas of basic ideology (personified in loyal creators) to contradictate thinking as an eventual creator of all conceptions. First, it is application, utilization, prostituting of contradictate ideas and using their power for aims of dictate and, second, rejection of them up to physical extermination of carriers and creators of the ideas. An interconnection of contradictate ideas and their carriers with loyal-dictate ideology at that stage of dictate evolution is determined by a chronological correspondence of ideas of contradictate passionaries to dictate needs and by an essence of proper ideological basement of creative works of contradictate mind intelligence. Let us compare, for example, the fates of mazdakism, works of Confucian,

philosophers of Greece. The first of them at a stage of appearance was not accepted by dictate and was utilized as an official dogma only later passing a considerable time. The seconds in their basement were to such extant adequate to dictate introspection that the teachings of the thinker were completely accepted by autocrats of China. As for works of Greece philosophers, they were so free, full of unrestrained thought and not adequate to needs of introspective oppression that they in principle could not be accepted by dictate, were alienated and the basement of ideology was a religion and emotional-associative reflections of contradictate ethics not connected with works of Anaxagoras, Eratosthenies, Aristarchus, (?)Filolay, Anaximander, Leucippus, Democrites, Aristotle, and others. The absence of Plato in the list is not accidental because his treatise on ethic-dictate essences is a sample of loyal-dictate creative work. A structure of concrete state forms at the epoch is presented mainly by autocracies. Even in the case when it is formally a democracy, oligarchy or republic, realities of dictate, of suppression are conducted by the highest hierarch (hierarchs) of state (but it is not always adequate to hierarch of dictate). It is does not matter, how it is called -- whether strategist, consul, tyrant, -- the essence is in the fact that concretions of dictate are coming from one person and suppression is personified with autocrat. So a suppression treated by the suppressed as an evil, in that case (of a radicalphysical dictate) as a gigantic evil personified in autocrat is a reason that state in introspection of the suppressed becomes a carrier of evil (16) (16 -- It is a cardinal difference from the previous state forms, for example, town-temples Sumer, which in consciousness of individuals embodied the well, in spite of all terror of physical suppression, and initiated self-assignment because an alienation from dictate meant a hunger or a violent death.) that results in another collision between injected by state (loyal-dictate) ideology and structures of external expediency. As shown above, a necessity of autocracy is conditioned by a high tension of ethnic collisions being resolved in a military way that resulted in centralization of dictate structures similar to the military ones. The same determinant -- ethnogenetic collisions -- gives birth to a possibility of conscious pressing out of negative with respect to official ideology ideas and motivations with the help of essences of an introspectiveethnical kind. Methods of state ideology (of accompanying layer of dictate) are very simple but effective and efficient that determines their prolong application up to nowadays although ethnic motives, their weight in motivational determination in the process of evolution has been considerably reduced. They are reduced to the following: an ethnic essence is applied to dictate interests, more exactly, to vivid requirements of dictate and structure of suppression and negative motivations are directed into a channel of opposition to alien ethnoses. The opposition may have a form of ethnic expansion (regional), assimilation or ethnic discrimination in a frame of a state. There is plenty of examples in the history in all countries and at all epochs. The ethnic screen of dictate motivations in state ideology of various state forms may have an ideological, legislative or collectivepsychological character that determines dictate abilities in realization of the second positive-dictate aspect of the trick -- imparting to dictate concretions a status of a necessary collective, ethnical weal conditioned by a necessity of ethical opposition. The demagogy and hypocrisy of that dictate trick were analyzed and described by many philosophers (see, for example, "Candide" by Voltaire, and others) but efficiency of that very primitive trick has been staying practically invariable. The ethnic motives may be substituted for religious, cultural and others but the essence is the same. An effective power of the trick is also accounted for by the fact that negative to state ideology ideas and motivations are pressed out in consciousness by unification of two powerful (hedonistic in their

basement) motivation complexes of self-assigning: self-assigning to dictate and self-assigning to ethnos (17) (17 -It does not include of contradictate passionaries, since a hypertrophy of mentality is a basement of cosmopolitism.) -- determinants of positive-dictate motivations. The power of produced contradictate ideas and motivations immanent to contradictate passionaries and a lack of them among the main mass of the suppressed are the reason of a differentiation of susceptibility of loyal-dictate state ideology including the above mentioned surrogate screens of suppression. At the considered epoch of dictate evolution, the achieved level of technology from one side allows contradictate passionaries to exist in socium structure and, from the other side, determines for state and dictate a necessity of their presence caused by ethnical collisions. At the epoch, ethnic and state collisions more often are ended by perishing of one of domestic forms of dictate (18) (18 -- It is not characteristic (but may happen) for the following forms of state collisions, when hierarchs composed an international consortium.) because socium viability and resistivity is determined both by a phase of dictate evolution and its features , in particular, an integral power of contradictate passionaries and attitude to them by structures and ideology of dictate (state). Ideas of contradictate passionaries, alienated from loyal-dictate ideology, penetrate into consciousness of an intellectual top of the suppressed (without of forced injection as in the case of loyal ideology) and determine a non-acceptance of loyal ideas having any coloration. Here in an introspective, ideological, motivational continuum of socium, a new powerful effect has appeared - a layer-differentiated susceptibility of official state ideology as a dominant that is completely different from, say, Sumer. In combination with effects of ideological pressing out of negative motivations in the suppressed , it results in development of powerful introspective motivational conflicts between I and super-i, between It and I, between super-I and It and so in motivational and ideological negativism of a subject to an inculcated ideology. An aspect of external kind determining the above mentioned effects is connected with a huge development of means and instruments of influence of official ideology and also of a layer of contradictate passionaries. Written language, literature, theater, painting, sculpture, philosophy evolves to a new level, when they are transformed from being attributes of the highest hierarchy layers to essences of a social spirit commonly attainable to citizens. Education to one or another degree touches the main layers of socium hierarchy influencing those structures of super--I that prevail as the highest dominants of consciousness. Creative works of the epoch irrespective of degree of their utilization by dictate exhibit examples of marvelous blossoming. Never even at later epochs, there was such a great amount of giants of thought, spirit, creative passionarity. It witnesses that contradictate passionarity is not subject to spiritual and external repressions as it happens at epochs of creative work suppression (extremist forms, orthodox theocracy, and so on). It is accounted for by the fact that the basements of vital dogmas and determinants, vital philosophy loyal to dictate at the epoch of blossoming of Hellinism (19) (19- And also of Rome, Persia, and so on, although these forms are not chronologically coincided as a consequence of asinchronism of ethnogenesis of these ethnoses.) organically include and are supported by the essences and categories that are basic for creative works of contradictate passionaries. These are categories of beauty, good, selfsacrificing (but without essences of self-cognition leading to orthodox contradictateship), ethnic and cultural consolidation on a basement of cultural prevailing, categories of perfection of body and spirit (with insignificant addition of state expediency, teleology of its presence and development, perfection) and many others having an objective, dictateinvariant basement and alienated from notions of the highest value of being --

from a person-individual as a carrier and a criterion of any being. These notions are summarized and adjoin the above mention category of "(?)calocagaty" that is a very convenient screen for dictate ideological injection and this aspect -- a unification in ideology of categories of individual teleology of all-around perfection of a man and dictate interests (under a guise of interests of socium, state, or ethnos) has been always used by the most effective forms of dictate and in a demagogic- hyperbolized shape -- by extremist forms. Art, philosophy, architecture is irreplaceable instruments for that side of dictate injections and great creative works being contradictate in their basement (20) (20- Contradictateship of great creative works is determined by the fact that perception of the highest beauty is an immanent characteristic of consciousness. Creative works of great contradictate passionaries elevate beauty and mind of a perfect man and so proclaim as the highest values, ontological and ethical summit of being, life of an individual but not political or ideological doctrine that is completely unacceptable to dictate.) are kept as such only in consciousness of individuals having a powerful intellect that allows to alienate and separate objective categories of individual perfection and teleologism of dictate. It is relevant even to such works as sculptures of Phidias and Myron, philosophy of Epictetus and Aristotle, works of Lucian and Seneca leaving alone quite loyal to dictate works such as the statue of Zeus in Athens, Parthenon or pyramids representing the acts of creation directly connected with the religion-cult side of ideological basements of dictate. As shown above, evolution of dictate at epoch of civilization has a cyclic character fluctuating from a linear one (determined by technology) due to influences of factors connected with ethnogenesis asinchronism of the global socium. At a certain stage of development, ethnogenesis of infrastructures of ethnos results in prevailing of individual motivations in consciousness of people at expense of social, dictate (21) (21 -- See chapter "Phases of stagnation and obscuration" in the mentioned book of L. Gumilev.) causing a transformation of determinations of creation of contradictate passionaries (who are also changing with evolution), motivations of the suppressed, i.e., to a break of the syllogistic bonds (in introspection of individuals) between an individual perfection and teleology of dictate while integrating perfection and individual weal. The universality of dictate determination of social life is manifested also in a structure of evolutive variations of materialized acts of creation -irrespective of a character of attitude of their carriers to dictate. A bright contradictateship of creators at epoch of Hellinism blossoming, an objective value of ideas they realize has been exchanging in the process of evolution of strategic determinant of dictate for creative works of Cesarean Rome, i.e., for loyal-dictate creations of slavery spirit. Flourishing of a concrete dictate form is connected with unanimity of motivations of social continuum and with hedonistic encouragement (at least, with a loyal acceptance of their necessity) of contradictate passionaries, i.e., creators. A decline of a form is most often connected with authoritarianism of dictate, direction divergence of motivational continuum and suppression, and often with physical extermination of contradictate passionarities. These determinations with application to ideology take place at the epoch under consideration. Another aspect of hypertrophy of creative instruments -- is an ethical one, since art besides an aesthetical aspect is always connected with ethics of mankind and of a particular person. Ethics as a whole is not considered here (22) (22 -- Ethics as a complex of ideological and religious aspects of relations between people in dictate determination is a subject of a separate chapter.) as a cardinal aspect of functioning socium and dictate but only ethical components of creative works as a characteristic of a state ideology. A material implementation of ethic ideas both contradictate and loyal included

in a structure of state ideology may be as a direct logical one, for example, in literature, philosophy, architecture so based on indirect-associative perception associating internal ideas with social concretions such as sculpture, painting, architecture. Ethics can argue an expediency, necessity and good of dictate subordinations in a concrete state form as a logic-philosophic teaching. However, from the other side, pyramids of Cheops, status of emperor inspiring people with an idea of superhuman, subconscious prevailing, grandeur of a hierarch of dictate, serve to the same aim. Since they appeal to subconscious, illogical categories and structures of consciousness, so loyal-ethical inspiration, injection will be more significant, when loyal-dictate creative works are more perfect. That side of ideological basement of state as other social-individual essences evolves according to dictate determination. The epoch under consideration presents bright examples of a determined evolution of ideology ethical component and its material concretions. Blossoming of a state form is connected with efficiency of suppression, i.e., with a presence of positive--motivational hedonistic involvement and so with significant conformity of motivational continuum of socium. Such structure of a psycho social continuum results in the situation, when ethic ideas materialized in creative work of great contradictate passionaries are associated, personified with state, dictate, socium and are organically included in a structure of state ideology or in the case of indirect association (sculpture, painting, literature, and so on) are encouraged and propagated by state. A lack or a low level of subconscious-hedonistic dissonance in consciousness of individual between dictate injected categories and dogmas of consciousness ( and so of ethics) and hedonistic basement of individual results in the situation, when perception (aspect of I) does not carry components of a negative non-acceptance, counterversive to ethic injections of official ideology (including ethics). In terms of Tolman, an internal variable has a positive sign and injected ideas are perceived and included in a system of motivational determinants but are not rejected, alienated introspectively. The situation is changed when dictate form as a state comes into epoch of disintegration, decline of efficiency of suppression that is connected with presence of a divergence of individual motivations and interests of dictate. A presence of negative dominants in consciousness of large groups of socium conditioned by subconscious hedonism of It results in variations, inversion of the perception character and in appearance of structures of rejection of injected ethic categories and dogmas. The second aspect of a dictate form disintegration is an intensification of external forms of suppression directed against all suppressed layers and to the greatest degree against contradictate passionaries exterminated spiritually and physically. A reduction of creative continuum of socium caused by extermination of contradictate passionaries results in appearance in ranks of creators of prostituted talents from accompanying layer with corresponding changes of the creation character. Works glorifying mind, strength, beauty of man -works of Phidias, Myron -- are substituted for works glorifying hierarchs and executors -Nero (Xenofor), Caligula, Augustus, warriors and military triumphs. The same change is observed in other manifestations of creative passionarity. Even philosophy -the summit of manifestation of contradictate passionarity of creators -- evolves in the dictate determination from the grandeur of free spirit of Anaxagoras, Anaximander, Epictetus, skeptics, Democrites, Aristotle to the loyal dictate philosophy of Seneca and Suetonius. Mystical monotheism -- as ideology of state and self-completed dictate form Let us consider an appearance and development of several kinds of a mystical monotheism having similar ontological, mystical, ethic positions:

Taoism, Christianity, Judaism, Islam. Although chronologically they are scattered and formally very different, it is not reflected on their ethical side and on dictate utilization of these ideological structures. The power of their influence on mind of the suppressed, on their self-assigning to dictate is so high that in process of evolution the systems have transformed into selfcompleted systems of dictate of a theocratic kind. In these religious teachings, all their aspects are so organically bonded that the needs of introspective oppression are served as by ontology so by mysticism and ethics of the religions. Ideology of these religions immanently includes dogmas of a voluntary asceticism combined ideologically with some ideas of egalitarianism. In the most orthodox way, this side is expressed in Taoism but it also composes a part of ethic-mystical basement in Christianity and in the rest teachings. A conscious association of superficially contradictate ideas of egalitarianism (23) (23- Egalitarianism is present at early evolution stages of these religions. Mature forms includes more weighty components such as mystical, mystic-ontological and loyal-dictate ones.) with voluntary asceticism is a powerful instrument for injections of ideas basic for introspective foundation of dictate -- of a voluntary alienation of wealth in favor of dictate hedonism. In origination of the religions, asceticism and egalitarianism are treated as a basement and an instrument of self-perfection. A combination of the ideas of self-perfection and egalitarianism makes them attractive to passionary individuals and asceticism not only accepted by them voluntarily and organically as a mean of achieving of the aims but also is transformed into the most wild forms of an evidently masochistic kind. An inversion of aggressive-sadistic component of intellectual passionaries into a masochistic of some or other degree of intensity, i.e., a combination of wealth alienation with satisfaction (more likely, with sublimative transformation) of subconscious hedonism -- a combination of such looking like incompatible, contradictory categories of introspection of individual on a basement of powerful loyal-dictate injected dominants of super-I. Nevertheless, this combination results in an unusually high level of efficiency of ideological suppression and ideological dictate. Fits not only of martyrs of church but also of a huge mass of religious fanatics witness for that. Categories of ontological and mystical character are organically connected and multiply intensify of the ethics of asceticism, selfimproving, individual weal (as aspects of adjoining to the highest virtue). Dogmas of reward being present in all these religious have such powerful influence on consciousness of individuals (especially in a complex with ethic dogmas), because they are based on a mystical foundation of everlasting spirit and on tearing away by mind, pushing out of consciousness using the dogmas the horror of inevitable death. Ontological incommensurability of categories of eternity, bliss as a reward for fulfillment of ethic postulates and a short-lasting life hedonism makes asceticism and self-submission up to the extreme masochism not only acceptable for an individual but ties it by strong associative bonds to the deepest layers of subconscious hedonism. Moreover, the mystic essence of ontological structures, basing of ethics on transcendental essences of universum makes religious doctrines even more monumental, ground in people's consciousness. A combination of a loyaldictate injected ethics and universal categories of being, eternity, immortality, spirit in religious structures results in appearance of reflected associative bonds of that kind in consciousness of the suppressed and attaches to religious (and connected to it social) dictate aureole of an overhuman, transcendental-mystical fatalism, of a category of an integral weal immanent to universum. That very efficient ideological essence of religious suppression has been highly estimated by hierarchs of dictate and at a certain stage of evolution has been used by them for attaching to social dictate (personified in hierarch) of a mystic aureole of the highest essence, transcendental and fatalistic. In that way, a character of manifestation

of the highest, god's will was added to realities of suppression. That ideological essence is used by Christian monks, by Caliphs of Arabs and hierarchs of Judea. In spite of considerable differences in the chronology and of external dogmatic variations, these mystic-ethic monotheistic ideologies are characterized by unification of an ethnogenesis process. Appearing on a basement of ideas of egalitarianism, reward and self-improvement in the media of the suppressed, these religions were like a social pump concentrating negative passionaries with an intellect level higher than a vegetable primitive that is characteristic of adepts of petty criminal. From one side, adepts of the religions, for example, Christianity or Islam, are taken from layers contradictory to dictate and decreasing its efficiency and level of motivational self-assigning of social continuum, and from the other side, transformation, conversion of these highly passionated and often talented people in adepts, conductors of religious dictate results in a sharp qualitative increase of efficiency of introspective suppression in a structural frame of religious (theocratic) form of dictate. Evolution of the phenomenon resulted in the consequences common for evolution of any dictate form -- in reduction of efficiency of introspective suppression and dominants of self-assigning, in shift of center of gravity of suppression to the side of spiritual and physical suppression, dogmatization of ideological postulates and forced inculcation of them into consciousness that conditioned a stagnation and disintegration of a religious form of dictate. At epoch of appearance and development of these religions, for example Christianity, ideology in the region of West-European superethnos to great extent is based on ideas of Christianity using ideas and ethical, mystical, ontological dogmas as organic components. However, ideology is wider than these components. That epoch is a prolongation of the previous to Christianity epoch of stormy ethnical collisions, which were simultaneously the collisions between dictates and often resulted in disintegration or full collapse of one of opposing dictate forms. A disintegration of dictate form in a certain ethnos is always connected with an increase of differentiation of a level and character of hedonistic possibilities, with their reduction for the major part of the suppressed. It results, from one side, in intensification of ethnic motivational dominants and, from the other side , in presence of motivational determinants of self-assigning to dictate and voluntary submission to dictate; both have a subconscious hedonistic basement that determines the dictate existence in general. An infringement, reduction of hedonistic potentials and activations by alien ethnoses and by dictate forms determine an appearance in ideological structure of powerful, efficient components of a positivedictate kind having in the basement ethnic, national, political or other nature. The evidence of the first three is clear, as for the ideological dominant, examples may be given by dictate structures of mazdakism, (?)Hyrramits, Christian religious sects and heresies -- catharists, albigenses; by Islam as an ideology of theocracy of Caliphs and by sectarian variations of Islam, for example, ismailian. Dictate as a functional, organized expediency of socium, ethnos in the process of ethno genetic collisions acquires features of a social well reflected in ideological basement. In that case, dictate determination of ideology is so strong that adepts of loyal creative activity include not only individuals with genotype adequate to accompanying layer but also some creators of an immanently contradictate kind, who under action of the above mentions factors are alienated from the layer of contradictate passionaries (Plato, Seneka, Confucius, and others). A determined by dictate evolution of ideology with similar tendency touches all aspects of creative activity that acquire features of loyalty to dictate. Some aspects of the process were discussed above. A shift of accent of creative activity from singing

praises to an individual, his beauty, strength, mind -- irrespective of social virtues necessary to dictate, to praising an ideological cult of hierarchs' overpower and socially necessary virtues, namely socially and ethnically (not principally cosmopolititan as before) expedient virtues. "(?)Kiropedia" -- is an example of the first aspect, "Anabasis" -- of the second one even if we leave alone the meaning that it concerns vernal soldiers-hirelings. Another aspect of determination of introspective basement of dictate -concerns a character of state ideology. Its the most socially perceived form is an entertaining art: theater, music, choreography, vocal. Few people study philosophy or history (especially at this epoch), much more love painting or sculpture (24) (24 -- It mainly concerns contradictate creative works, because acts of loyal creative activity indirectly affect consciousness of many through their advertisement by dictate and indirectly through a common opinion (to great extent being created by dictate).) but everybody entertains. Spectacles, music, singing, dancing, while entertaining they affect consciousness of most even of the individuals with the lowest level of development of super-I structures. Their action is directed as at conscious structures of super-I (theater) so at subconscious, emotional ones -- music, ballet. Due to technology evolution as a determinant of dictate in socium, people appear, who are alienated from production of material wealth for hierarchs and from other layers of suppression and are engaged in satisfaction of direct hedonistic motivations. An increase of a number of the people leads to attainability to all members of socium (for example, the (?)teoricon in the Pericles Athens). An influence of these concretions of ideology, as of any others, on consciousness of the suppressed is a consequence of conglomeration, superposition in consciousness (and subconsciousness) of individuals of injected dogmas and purposes, in particular emotional and connected with structure of super-I, an adequacy of aspects of I and objective realities, of an adequacy of dominants of consciousness and effectual influence of arts of these kinds, and so on. Evolution of dictate, its form -- from an appearance with an immanent efficient introspective suppression up to decline and disintegration -- is accompanied by a reduction of socially significant, necessary to dictate essences, connected with different variations of individual asceticism and connected essences and by an increase of level of individual-egoistic dominants of consciousness with hedonistic basement. That character of dictate evolution of conscious dominants determines an evolutive character of an internal essence of given aspects of formation of mind's ideological structures necessary to dictate. A strict character of a dance, based on customs, ethnical mode, cult aspects always having a group character (implying a co-participation of individuals in action) that corresponds to the epoch of blossoming of Hellenism in Rome evolves in a sight of a kind "wasp dance" or pseudo-east dances of the imperial period of Rome with direct individual-hedonistic tendency. A high level of unification of motivations in socium characteristic of a blossoming dictate form is the reason of exalt by dictate of objective-human criteria, norms, creative works, categories. The creative works of Polyclitus, Myron, Praxiteles, Scopas, Lysippos are an example of grandeur of human spirit irrespective of attitude to dictate. The same things happen in respect to the considered aspects of ideology. Theater of Athens, music, poetry, dances are free to significant degree of a direct pressure of dictate (25) (25 -- It is a manifestation, an aspect of the general tendency of dictate attitude to contradictate passionaries and an evolution of the tendency that was discussed in the previous chapters.) and due to it they become a field of activations of creative spirit of contradictate passionary that completely determines a character of creation, its adequacy to external objective realities of the world and socium, a level of creative realization, talent - they all together determine a level of affection, injection into consciousness of the suppressed. Works of Etil(?), Sophocles, Euripides, and even of comedy-

writer Aristophanes, painter Apollodorus according to their ideological basement and artistic level are completely different from works of Menander, (?)Gerond, Apollonius, Callimachus, Theocritus of Alexandria, whose creation works carries roots of egocentrism and superficial loyalty to dictate , on which the art has grown of imperial Rome. A decline of dictate form is always connected with reduction of positiveintrospective components of suppression with prevailing of a negativemotivational, repressive dictate in the first turn influencing contradictate passionaries. The given factor and a growing motivational dissonance of a social continuum determine changes of these aspects of ideology. An intensification of changes in an essence and forms of socially reachable kinds of arts is facilitates by the fact that a disintegration of dictate form (state form) is preceded and accompanied by an increase of external ethnic influence and very often from the side of conquered ethnoses. A penetration of alien ethnic groups besides purely ethno genetic aspects is reflected in these arts, since conquered ethnoses very often have passed the phases of raising and inertia (L.Gumilev) and are in a phase of either obscuration or disintegration with corresponding character of art and entertainments. A composition of all these dictate determinants determine a character, essence, form of arts under consideration -- an intellectual humility, primitive-hedonistic direction, lowering of level of socially significant ideas and increase of level of individual-hedonistic, loyal-dictate (very often personifying dictate as the social good in a hierarch or other layers of suppression), deviation from glorifying universal human categories and corresponding erection on a pedestal of the highest values of socium of interests of the highest layers of dictate with their to one or another degree covered hedonistic basement. A growing level of hierarchs' hedonism and of the highest layers of suppression entails an increase of a social level, status of producers of concrete hedonistic servants: prostitutes, actors, singers, and so on. Hedonism in conjunction with servants' loyalty to dictate results in the situation that existed in Rome at the Cesarean epoch, when actors were approached to hierarchs (Nero, Sulla) and when incomes of actors, musicians, singers, courtesans and even gladiators exceeded incomes of patricians, i.e., of hierarchs and members of the highest suppression layers of dictate. Such a position, i.e., a level of hedonistic possibilities organized by dictate to these art workers implies a complete loyalty, a lack of contradictate motivations and activity and determines a character of creative works. So that epoch is characterized by an appearance and presence of all aspects and forms of ideology, which are present in all following forms of state power. External forms and instruments are varying but the essence of ideologies undergoes only the changes determined by a cyclic character of dictate evolution at epoch of civilization. At that epoch, an ideology of state power is not formed into a concrete complete complex of dogmas, categories, notions, instruments and methods. This structure is characteristic of either a high level of dictate development or its extremist forms when due to specificity of suppression the ideology has some peculiarities (26) (26 -- The essence of ideology of extremist forms is considered at the end of the section). The ideology of epoch under consideration includes components that will be preserved by ideological basements of the following state forms. It contains a complex of social norms and customs, collective ethical essences, religion in its ethic-dictate part, theoretic basis (most often a philosophical) of common weal, teleological expediency of a given state form and all aspects of influence on mind's structures using indirect methods: literature, art, architecture, music, and so on. As shown above, all these aspects have a dictate determination and being in their basement the acts of outof-dictate activity of socium, they in a process of dictate evolution in a form of state power acquire features of an immanent component of a state

ideology basement and evolve with it. An evolution stage of the components determines their efficiency in supporting an existing concrete form of dictate and suppression in frames of a given form, a basement of which is ideology. A further evolution of an introspective-physical dictate form irrespective of a region results only in superficial, formal or quantitativelevel variations. As for the West-European superethnos, after disintegration of the Rome empire as a state form that did not resulted in ethnic and formal dictate disintegration, evolution of dictate, more exactly, of its introspectivephysical form is reduced to slow variations of superficial forms of state power and structures of suppression. A separation of slavery and early feudalism may be relevant from a political, formal-state point of view but it does not correspond to reality from the point of view of dictate evolution as a category of social being and a concrete form of socium existence. An introspective basement of relations between layers of dictate and functional teleology of layers is not changed (27) (27- It is as a general tendency leaving alone fluctuating variations conditioned by ethnogenetic and other collisions discussed above.). The essence of the basic category of dictate is not changed also preserving the layer-dependent possibilities of hedonism satisfaction, hedonistic potentials of suppressing layers and layers of the suppressed. It is difficult to find differences even in formal infrastructures of dictate, if we leave alone tricky interweaving of formal semantics of labels and terms. Serf, villain, producer of feudal in those categories of dictate that were discussed above have no difference from producers of slavery. The main feature - level of alienation of material wealth from producers - is increased since the dictate form is coming to regular finish. When slavery of early Sumer (Akkad, Elam, and so on) is perceived as the good (28) (28 -- Argumentation of the statement is given in chaps. 2, 3.) inducing positive-dictate motivations of self-assigning on a basis of encouragement of subconscious hedonism, it is characteristic of early medieval to have an intensification of all aspects of suppression as introspective so physical that is inherent in general to last genesis phases of a dictate form. The intensification is realized as in external forms of suppression so in all structures of state ideology discussed above. Unity of the dictate form, in frame of which evolution is considered of dictate-determined state ideology, chronological and regional unity (for the West-European superethnos) determines a character of evolution of politicalethnic, socially- ethnic, religious, conscious and subconscious aspects of an ideological basement of state. Religious components of ideology: ontological, mystical, ethical, and also experiencing an evolutive hypertrophy externalritual, dogmatic ones -- acquire an importance of the first grade , a hierarchical priority in the whole structure of state ideology. That prevailing of religious components has an orthodox-dictate determination. Obscuration and disintegration of dictate form (any) are connected with reduction of a positive-motivational involvement and with increase of a negative-introspective suppression in a form of arbitrary repression in the case of rejection or self-alienation from practiced dogmas of ideology. Christianity (29 ) (29 - It is also true of Islam, Judaism, and so on.) at that epoch (approximately up to X - XIV cc.) acquires all features of a dogmatic ideology and simultaneously all structures, layers, aspects of a selfcompleted form of dictate. Several factors determine the high level of influence, suppression that is inherent to Christianity (equally to Islam, and so on). It is a powerful ideological basement that includes ontological, mystical, ethical sides and affects consciousness of a major part of socium individuals attracting powerful minds even with a high level of passionarity. Not only Augustin, Thomas Aquinas but even philosophers such as Scott, Occam and others reinforced ideological basement of Christianity by power of their minds and in this way its influence of socium. From the other side, Christianity as a dictate form had

immanent features that at the considered epoch secured its external and introspective domination in Europe in spite of plenty contradictory ideological and religious trends. A strict hierarchy, a vast number of passionated adepts (monks, members of religious orders, and so on), a high level of motivational involvement (30) (30- -- Charles Lee in "History of inquisition" convincingly proves the thesis that an effective mind from any social layer could reach the highest levels in church hierarchy.) -- these features of Christianity based on a powerful, attractive ideological foundation were the basement of Christianity prevailing both as ideology and as a dictate form. These factors were so strong that a repressive suppression of physical kind has appeared only at the end of the pointed epoch, when the level of ideological influence of Christianity has been reduced as in its domination in formation of structures of super-I and so in the level of motivation self-assigning. These features of Christianity and the essence of ideology determined the place it occupied in the whole structure of state ideology. Ideas in the basement of Christianity especially ethical ones are applied, interpreted according to needs of introspective suppression (in a frame of social dictate) and concrete state structures and its hierarchs get an applied status of materialized mystic will for strengthening interaction of dictate and Christianity; at some stage at least superficially, state structures acquire a character of the West-European superethnos with the highest hierarch: a personified and materialized super will -- Papa. A religious component of state ideology at the epoch representing also a variant of dictate reveals features inherent to both of them. Introspective collisions of mind's structures conditioned by injected ideology (here, by religious component) have an evolving character of some other kind than in the previous formations. When in the previous epoch introspective-ideological collisions are caused by antagonism between a level of hedonism encouragement, determined by self--assigning to dictate, and by hedonism of individual egocentrism sublimated into passionary activity, in that case it is a collision between hedonism of It and injected by powerful factors in structure of super-I (by factors abstracted from the objective world and its reflections in I). Such a collision does not reach a level necessary for breaking into activations, when injections in super-I compensate dissatisfaction of hedonism that organically connected with a harmony of super-I and I reflecting ideas and passionarity of their carriers. Developing as a dictate form, church reveals all features of the general category. In that case, the most important is a sharp evolving differentiation of layers (by the levels of attainable hedonism) with corresponding differentiation of material aspect of hedonism that results in collisions of I and super-I and in weakening of censorship of It. Ideological influence is reduced, introspective suppression is weakened even among carriers of Christian ideology, passionarity of adepts is lowering and another factor of dictate evolution comes into action -- the very influence of ideology. An influence of ideas on super-I is supplemented by external forms of suppression that results, from one side, in appearance of particular structures of external suppression -- inquisition and militant orders and, from the other side, a union takes place (sometimes, as in Judaism and Islam, a conjunction) of church dictate and its social form. Appearing as an ideology and being adopted in that reality for dictate purposes, Christianity has transformed into a specific form of dictate and that process is inevitably connected with a reduction of the level of its ideological influence. An external suppression intensifies a determination of motivations by unsatisfied hedonism and lowering of a level of determination by injected structures of super-I -- by the product of loyal (here, Christian) ideology. At the given stage partly due to injection of Christian ethics (of its dictate-loyal sections), partly due to powerful negative-motivation

barriers in consciousness determined by a high level of physical suppression, the state ideology includes also components of ethno social kind, i.e., a loyal social moral, a tenor of life, and so on. A composition of these essences of ethnical, state-political, religious kind makes a basement of that component of ideology, which is not concretized in material, objective form but nevertheless is included in all ideological structures, ideological basements of state. They are adjoined by components of a cultural kind (nonreligious) injected in super-I and of irrational kind injected in subconsciousness. The essence of the components to significant degree remains similar to the previous epoch. So at this stage of evolution, state ideology has the same dictate determination and reveals the evolution tendencies that are adequate to the dictate-evolutive ones described in the pervious chapters. At epoch of civilization, another form of dictate takes place -- an introspective one that has appeared inside introspective -physical suppression and exists up to nowadays, i.e., up to the transitional stage to postcivilization. That form of dictate realizes completely different, special methods and instruments of suppression that condition a presence of peculiarities in ideology and in its evolution (as chronological so dictate). Evolution of that form has a tendency to increase an introspective component of positive-hedonistic kind with reduction of components of external and negative-motivational type that is completely not characteristic of the previous forms. That tendency acquiring a character of the main feature takes place starting from the first trade guilds and manufactories to the current industry. A producer is not forced by methods of external suppression but is involved motivationally by partial (at a primitive level) satisfaction of some aspects of hedonism. A stake on hedonism, on subconscious aspects of mind with the immanent "principle of enjoyment" determines a character of injection in super-I and ideological stimulation of primitive-material aspects of hedonism. The stimulation of hedonism and at its basis a motivational involvement (instead of repressive suppression) resulted, from one side, in a stormy progress of socium and its technological basement and, from the other side, in a tendentious reduction of motivational introspective collisions (31) (31- Of course, it concerns the main mass of producers. Technological process and entailed demographic growth result in increase of absolute number of negative and contradictate passionaries that introduces a dissonance into introspection of socium.) since the level of asceticism applied to producers is reduced and simultaneously a level of negative prohibitions and restrictions inculcated by dictate into all structures of mind is lowered. A stimulation of hedonism in course of evolution becomes a cornerstone of state ideology and in combination with the principle of free competition (read -- in pursuit of hedonism satisfaction) compose its basement. A stimulation of hedonism represents a versatile and complex process that includes factors affecting both conscious and subconscious mind structures. When at early stage of the form a stimulation of hedonism included an increase of level of material well being, some degree of freedom from a common suppression (32) (32- Industrial workers are meant, who are the stems of a new form in a frame of formal domination of an old one. It happens due to technology domination in evolution .), a presence of some rights leveling dictate influence, then the further evolution results even in ranking of some part of producers among hierarchs and in appearance both of material and instrument-ideological possibilities of an influence aimed at intensification of primitive aspects of hedonism of all producers including agricultural workers. The latter is very important, since agricultural workers for a long time due to alienation from the strategic determinant of evolution -- technology, remain the most conservative element of socium and dictate. Entrance of civilization in the epoch transient to postcivilization results in hypertrophy of the tendency of hedonism stimulation and methods and

instruments of affection. The aim is served by many factors: spectacles and entertainments with their growing versatility, propaganda of hedonism of hierarchs, attainability (at least, not restricted by state norms as before (33) (33- In all forms, including physical dictate, these restrictions have a legal character: restriction in move, shelter, clothes and even in a character of food as, for example, in Japan.)) of all aspects of hedonism, possibility of practically a complete freedom from system of dictate at a corresponding level of success in chase of prosperity irrespective of an inborn place in hierarchy. Extreme degree of satisfaction of stimulated hedonism (possible in the case of high passionarity of an individual), of course, removes an individual from a number of producers and invests him in hierarchs. Using hedonism as a support in ideology has several positive features for dictate connected with influence on the most powerful, fundamental structure of mind. One of them -- is an initiation of hypertrophy of individual, egocentric motivations, which with present powerful motivations of self-assigning make an ideology of the dictate form highly efficient and so the suppression itself and the whole dictate form. The second consequence of this combination of factors is the fact that passionary intellects due to a lack (or more exactly, lowering of a level) of direct physical suppression rear get in ranks of negative passionaries remaining either contradictate (and in this hypostasis help to technology evolution and to dictate) or are invested in loyal-dictate layers. A conformation of that is in the history of sociums, where evolution went regularly without extremist collapses at epoch of transition to postcivilization. At that period, the main factors and essences of the dictate form evolutively reveal themselves as dominants and there were no significant collisions of negative-passionary kind analogous to the events that often took place at the previous epochs. There is nothing at all similar to Spartacus or Gaucherie, Wat Tyler or revolution of 1917 year. Paris commune according to the essence and concretions is a short-lived fluctuation of extremist kind with all its characteristic features and conditions of appearance. Another aspect of hedonistic egocentrism of that form ideology is a positive to dictate factor: in spite of plenty of external, formal unions (parties, societies, and so on) in strategic vital concretions of mind and motivational activations of individual egoistic-hedonistic categories prevail, which are absolute dominants for majority of the suppressed, although ideological-ethic creative works of contradictate mentality are present and get a powerful development. A powerful state ideology with its various forms, attainability and, the most important, with motivational accord with the most powerful producer of motivations -- with hedonism of It opposes not less powerful but less attainable and mach less consonant to primitive hedonism of producers creative works of contradictate humanitarians appealing to categories of super-I. These creative activities are connected either with suppression or with sublimation of hedonism of It (that implies a presence in consciousness of some structures for such realization) and result in inevitable defeat of contradictate passionaries, in prevailing in consciousness of producers of categories and determinants of official ideology. An introspective character of dictate with structures of suppression based on appellation to the most deep layers of subconsciousness directly determines other aspects of ideology, ideological creative activity of individuals not ranking among contradictate passionaries. It is relevant to creation acts influencing as structures of I, super-I so of It. An appearance of printing and resulted increase of attainability of system of collective knowledge, from one side, accelerated evolution of contradictate thinking but, from the other side, immensely increased possibilities of state ideologists. At epoch of transition to postcivilization, this process increased immeasurably: telephone, radio, television, cinema, theater, video, and so on, gave to dictate and to its ideologists

instruments of all-around influence on mind of the suppressed. Let us start a consideration of the above mentioned dictate determinations from philosophy, so far as philosophy represents an integralspeculative structure of comprehension of objective world summarizing both knowledge and methods of thinking. In the highest its works, philosophy is a product of activation of contradictate passionarity but in spite of motivational alienation from dictate introspection individuals of the layer are not isolated from socium and either accepting or not ideology of dictate they nevertheless perceive it while being in a sphere of its influence. Refines, diversity of methods, influence on all structures of mind with minimization of negative component -- and all of these are in a degree unusual before this epoch (especially at the stage of transition to postcivilization). These factors are the very reason that even powerful minds (34) (34 --References only to West-European names is given because Asia, Africa, and South America due to ethnic and specific dictate factors have not reached the stage of evolution corresponding to introspective form of dictate.): Spencer, Kierkegaard and others -- experience a clear influence of dictate ideology and only such giants of mind as Nietzsche in creative work of mind are free from any influences. It is also relevant to loyal-dictate philosophers, individuals of accompanying layer, whose creative works represent attempts of ethic, ontological, logic character for justification of dictate expediency, its representation as a teleological social weal, because they in one or another degree are based on ideas of great thinkers. For example, the theosophy of medieval has borrowed ideas of Aristotle, then of Th. Aquinas, Bacon, D. Scott, Occam, Berkeley and up to neoplatonists and neo-thomists of nowadays. Similarly, the philosophy of considered period (up to transition to postcivilization), often inheriting features of previous epoch, at a stage of appearance and symbiosis with state formations of previous dictate form includes the following strategic directions: theosophical and others connected with theosophy ideologically, methodologically, though postulates; philosophy of rational thinking connected with natural sciences; a direction not connected with the first two and shifting field of investigation to problems of ethics and transcendental aspects of being and mind. The first direction, in spite of the presence in it of giants of passionary thinking, directly serves theology, strengthens ideological basement of religion -- of components of dictate and dictate form itself. The second direction, in spite of seemed contradictateship, is a factor of progressive evolution of socium technology, i.e., eventually is an indirect determinant of dictate evolution (indirectly through technology). The third direction in comprehension of ethics as an aspect of socium and man being in works of its outstanding adepts (Voltaire, Diderot and others) uses an nonorthodox methodology and point of view of antique philosophy, particularly of skepticism (Pyrrhonics), Stoic and others in application to conditions and problems of their epoch. The final result of creative works of these thinkers, more exactly, one of its aspects consists in the fact that alienation and skepticism in consideration of ethical problems, in particular, of dictate ones, resulted in appearance in structure of social consciousness of a relative point of view on ethic and dictate dogmas, i.e., in deviation from the consideration of ethic (loyal-dictate) values as common to all mankind, universal. The relativity of proper values of ethic and moral conceptions led to a search for the essences, which are objective determinants and categories of various aspects of mind, in particular, ethics and eventually it turned to be the reason of cognitive, epistemological kind that conditioned an appearance of philosophy of irrational, transcendent-essence character connected together particular-ethic, individual-human and ontological categories of being. Of course, the appearance of such giants of mind as Nietzsche, Kierkegaard, Freud cannot be reduced to dictate determinations. Being in their

basement contradictate, alienated from introspection of social dictate, they create being influenced by introspective dominants of their own individual mind of genius, but no mind can be renounced from an external objectivity influencing to one or another degree a character of its creation works as directly so indirectly through the system of all-human memory. In that way dictate influences the given aspect of social thought as a whole and adapts it to own purposes (at least, partly) in state ideology. A character of dictate of the epoch influences strongly philosophy that is concentrated in an ideological structure of philosophy teachings and in the essences and structures, that represent a subject to consideration and to which philosophy appeals and which it influences. Except for some sections of theosophy devoted to transcendental essences, the whole philosophy of previous epochs (and of dictate forms) and also of a period of appearance of the considered form in structures of a state adequate to introspective--physical form -- the whole philosophy irrespective of the object of its analysis is indivisible in its cognitive and methodological basement. These are a logic having roots in works of Aristotle, rationalism, tendency to construction of logical models on a basement of formed methodology -- from postulates to conclusions made from constructions, application in constructions of essences of a sensitive-empirical and rationallogical kind, analysis of mind's structures (in consideration of an individual) and some other characteristic features of philosophy of that period that are in one or another way are connected with appellation to consciousness, rational aspects of mentality. With the beginning of postcivilization, with the Europe transition to a stage of refined introspective dictate, the socium gets free from the tethering conservative state forms that entails a logical hypertrophy of features of introspective suppression. A shift of suppression's center of gravity on subconsciousness, on hedonism of It has a natural reflection in structures of state ideology and indirectly in philosophical teachings: in object of consideration, methodology, essence of theory; attention is accented on subconsciousness, on ties of ontological and ethical categories, on analysis (intuitive) aspects of being, which the previous thinkers ranked as incognizable. A difference of creative works of Kierkegaard, Spencer, Freud, Nietzsche, Bergson and later philosophers of the XX c.: Spengler, Young, Heidegger, Merleau-Ponty, Weber and others - from Locke, Leibnits, Descartes, Voltaire is determined namely by evolution of dictate and introspective suppression reflected in a character of contradictate creative works. In ideological sphere of introspective dictate of the postcivilization epoch, there are features not characteristic of the previous epochs. While before postcivilization, theories in some or other way have dominated in a whole structure of ideology ( for example, religion in the middle of century), now in spire of a stormy development of ideological teachings there is a dictate toleration to any philosophical teachings even to negative--dictate and extremist kinds. Although philosophy in one or another way influences other sides of social creative works, nevertheless ideology is more oriented not at it but at other kinds of creative activity: literature, video and audio, radio and television broadcasting, and so on. An explanation to that seems to be in a gigantic jump of development of forms, methods, instruments, volume and so of a level of influence on the suppressed. Music, printing works (not philosophy) can affect consciousness of many more individuals than philosophy due to intellectual attainability by majority and a lack of efforts for perception, i.e., in that case even injections of ideology are combined with a connivance to hedonism. A development of music as a mean of influence on subconscious structures of the suppressed is determined by the same dictate determinants as the considered above aspects of ideology. An evolution of that aspect of ideology acquires a regulative character at the epoch of transition to postcivilization, when all aspects and determinants of an introspective dictate form appear. Ritual, cult, entertaining music is developed and music of classical forms appears that appeals to conscious images

and subconscious associations affecting emotional and imagination structures in a tendency necessary to dictate . Then opera, operetta, salon music has appeared with the obvious hedonistic tendency in combination with spectacle of the same tendency. Jazz and nowadays music of the XX-c. having African roots with its deepsubconscious, hedonistic content are using the previous forms. A simple numbering of sections of musical creative works points at their direct connection with a character of dictate evolution. An intensification of influence on hedonism of the suppressed directly determines a character of musical creative works and a utilization by dictate of the creators and their works. It is eased by the fact that creators of this aspect of socium spiritual life are ranked among an image-emotional kind of thinkers, which is a determinant both of a comparatively low intellect and a low level of contradictate passionarity. It facilitates to hierarchs their withdraw from contradictate passionaries (to number of which they rear belong) and injection in their consciousness the motivational determinants of self-assigning to accompanying layer. It eases a direct application of the creators for the aims of introspective suppression and it is not indirectly as in the case of contradictate passionaries-philosophers but directly as individuals of dictate structure, who self-assigned themselves to it on a basement of stimulated hedonism. The next aspect of ideological basement of socium and state -- are imitative arts in all forms: painting, graphics, sculpture. A basement on introspective suppression with the stress on hedonistic structures of It determines both the highest manifestation of contradictate creative activity in their ideological essence (more often, indirectly) and (to much greater extent) acts of loyal creation activity. A superficially indifferent to dictate creative activity of the Renaissance epoch is in its essence loyal to dictate, since its is based on exalting of those features of loyal to dictate aspects of an individual that for the first time have appeared at epoch of antique introspective-physical dictate. That feature, i.e., a repetition, reviving of a concrete character of dictate determinations of creative activity, is a consequence of identical conditions of manifestation of dictate determinations -- -in the first case it is a transition from a physical-social to introspective suppression, in the second -- from an imposed-physical church type to introspective-physical social (with tendency to pure introspective) suppression. Creative works of great creators of the epoch are an apology of a man in his social and individual essence (35) (35 -- The list of names would be a traditional one. The essence of concretions was shown above in the analysis of antique ideology.). The shown above dictate evolution results in determinations of creative activity, the essence of which is more clearly revealed at the epoch of transition to postcivilization with its orthodox manifestation of all strategic tendencies and determinants. A subconscious-hedonistic basement of dictate introspection both directly and indirectly through structures of spiritual continuum of socium determines the creative activity of even such contradictate creators as Bosch, Goya, Rodin, Dali: in spite of all depth of their contradictateship, their creative works carry a seal of repressed subconsciousness. This very factor determines a suppression of all trends in arts, literature, painting and sculpture that appeal to subconsciousness -- from early impressionists to subjectivists and structuralists. As for a loyal art, being reinforced by new forms such as cinema, television, show, video it directly and openly declares and elevates on pedestal of the highest human values the essences that are connected in one or another way with hedonism -- with hedonism of mind, subconsciousness, motivational dominants, material implementations, ideals of super-I (36) (36- An elevation of social status of hedonism's servants (especially of hierarchs) such as actors, people of art, prostitutes of the highest level, and so on is a concrete consequence.). A tended minimization of negative suppression and a hypertrophy of positive hedonism result in the situation in structure of variable hedonism of ideology when its influence on consciousness of the suppressed acquires a high level and generality. An integral introspection of socium, its spiritual continuum

is so saturated with the spirit of hedonism conglomerated with a loyalty to dictate, hedonism is encouraged and stimulated by all structures of social ideology to such degree that it results in wanted transformation of motivations not only of producers but also of a part of socium having powerful negative to dictate factors of psycho genotype -- -of negative passionaries and some part of contradictate passionaries. Evolution of dictate with the strategic tendency to positive-hedonistic suppression determines a transformation not only of a loyal-dictate component of ideological basement of state but of the whole continuum of socium ideology by creating in it an atmosphere of the spirit based on hedonism in various hypostasis. The stimulation of hedonism entails a necessity of a material basement for its satisfaction, because in the opposite case a stimulated and not satisfied hedonism sublimates powerful negative-dictate motivations. In its turn, it conditions a necessity of technology progress -- of the material determinant not only of dictate but also of industry that determines a stimulation by dictate of technology producers -- contradictate passionaries. a development of that layer, from one side, results, as shown above, in dictate and ethnic prevailing (37) (37-- The process has a complicated, mutually interviewing and mutually determining character.), but from the other side -- in an increase of a component they introduce into ideological continuum of socium. A stimulation of hedonism including the one of contradictate passionaries accounts for the fact that although their ideological, creative, mental concretions acquire out-of-dictate, pushing aside features but not the features of negative antagonism to introspective aims of oppression, of non-loyalty. That coloration is also not characteristic of ideological continuum of socium of the previous forms. Orthodox contradictate individuals having an extremely high level of hedonism sublimation and due to it not susceptible to its stimulation under these conditions - in bacchanalia of hedonism - are invested in carriers and generators of an idea of complete rejection of hedonism and its material aspects in the most radical form -- of the idea that rejects teleology of evolution and dictate, of technology and socium. The first steps in this direction were made by J.J. Rousseau and the epoch of transition to postcivilization, that clearly exhibits all characteristic features, gave birth to anarchism in all forms not only as a political and ideological trend but in literature, art, music, and so on. Ideology and extremist forms of dictate Extremist forms of dictate as sporadic fluctuations of strategic process of evolution have so peculiar structures, determinants and consequently ideologies that it is necessary to segregate their analysis into a separate section. An ideological basement of that state and dictate form is conditioned by both a direct dictate (form) essence and the concrete structures of objective and social kinds that precede, determine and accompany an appearance and existence of this fluctuation of the general law. An ideological continuum of the dictate form includes both a state ideology of an unusually high intensity of injection (compare to other forms (38) (38- As shown above, the ideology of that form represents an organic and the most important characteristic of suppression and has several peculiar features.)) and an objective-social ideological component that is often antagonistic to the state component. A level of collision tensions, of antagonism between them varies in a very wide interval depending on a stage of evolution of the dictate form, which is always historically short-living. An extremely high level and monstrous forms of the all-encompassing suppression, a low level of the strategic determinant (technology) compared to other contemporary, synchronous dictate forms, a necessity of a primitive, orthodox ideological basement of state (more often, of a declared egalitarian character) and another features described in the previous chapters (39) (39 --These and all others mentioned before features are superficial,

formal materializations of an introspective essence -- including a determined level of technology, rejection of a positive-hedonistic suppression and so basing on a negative-introspective suppression in the extreme orthodox form of totality.) determine an ideology of the form. A stereotype, uniformity of the main features of introspective-psychological basements unites in one group such dictate formations as Sicilian tyranny, tyranny of Pisistratus, state of (?)Zingy, mazdakism, state of (?)Saydellers, ismailian, Florence of the Savonarola epoch, the Mao Tse-Tung China, regime of Pol Pot, fascism in Germany, Christian militant orders and sects. The psychological basement determines also a stereotype of ideology, in spite of differences in declared and objective essences, dogmas, ideas, forms. The main features of ideology of extremism are: 1. Presence of a tough orthodox monodogma determining the whole building of ideology. 2. A strict censorship of information and a legislative ban of alien ideologies and of any non-loyal information in general. 3. An immanent personification of ideological dogmas and application to them over-social, prophetic features of the highest revelation in combination with features of a universal social weal, of a general one and individual. 4. An immanent presence in various degrees of demagogic variations of egalitarianism. 5. Basing on intellectual essences borrowed from theoretical constructions of big thinkers and reduced to a primitive level. An application of the essences is always picked, eclectic without general structure of the theory and simplified to the vulgarity that is possible to inculcate into consciousness of the suppressed creating an illusion that they understand and organically accept it. 6. As the most cardinal feature, an ideology of extremism includes (on a basis of self-seizure by it of essences of a teleological social weal) a selfapplication by its carriers and adepts of the highest (objective?) ethical values with a consequent transition of them on an essence and structures of dictate (on determinants of ideology). 7. A connected with the previous feature of a peculiarity of an extremist form ideology is based on associative and often on quit determined (of cause, false and demagogic) ties between nightmares of suppression, that is to the highest degree characteristic of the form, and interests (weal) of socium, on conduction of a suppression in favor of hierarchs on behalf and in favor of people. Pisistratus, Mazdak, Savonarola, Robespierre, Mao -- -all these and other hierarchs of extremism have used this trick of ideology often as a basement of ideology in general (40) (40 -- Not only of ideology but also of laws, ethics, penitential system, and so on, i.e., of all other aspects of state.). 8. The previous aspects determine the component of ideology that directly influences structures of I and It. A hypertrophy of that components is pursuing an aim to high degree distort perception, subjective reflection of the objective world, a character of subjective-hedonistic, individual determination of reflection in order to obtain a possibility to conduct the most horrible acts of suppression without an appearance of dangerous to dictate negative motivations in social continuum. Being realized in dogmatic works, in arts, in injections in social moral, that component includes a hypocritical state optimism and a transformation of the Christian dogma of a humble acceptance of burdens of current life in favor of the future (which is, of course, bright and excellent) and a false beauty of state encouraged literature, especially that praises loyal-dictate essences, and direct propaganda (41) (41 -- For example, a contract information is used: only black events for antagonists and only joyful news in own state, and so on.) and others.

9. A utilization of ethnic, chauvinistic and alike motivations with a transition, application of the essences of motivations to dictate in its state reality. 10. Besides egalitarianism of a social-political kind (point 4), ideology of extremism includes a dogma of individual-biological egalitarianism that accounts for all human differences by objective external determinants. Aims of that ideological trick are versatile and are suggested for a white washing of various aspects of suppression (42) (42- See: Nietzsche "So was told by Zarathustra", Montaigne "Essays", Helvetius "About mind", "About man".). In essence, it is a vulgar paraphrase of ideas of philosophers of a "tabula rasa" trend -- of Locke and the followers. 11. Tended strivings to a primitive formation of all aspects of being and mentality: ontological, epistemological, ethical and, consequently, of ideology, i.e., of a combination of ideas lying in the basement of state. A reduction (a reflection) of realities of being allows to reduce it to some primitive essences that can be easily injected in consciousness and look superficially clear, so they are readily absorbed by consciousness of the suppressed, at least by a major part of them. These and other less important features compose a basis of extremist ideology (43) (43 -- Every concrete form of extremist dictate can include not all these aspects. It depends on dictate necessity and a phase of social-dictate evolution.) that being in indissoluble bond with the highest level of external suppression facilitates an existence of a given dictate form (which, as mentioned, is always a short-lived one). An ideology, especially its aspects vitally important to the form, is so organically interwove with structures of suppression that there is no need to tell about dictate determination of state ideology, otherwise it will sound here as a reduction of a real level of interconnection between these essences of socium. Ideology becomes a self-containing essence and an organic structure of suppression and not of indirect one but of direct suppression. Dogmas of ideology are not injected (using objective structures of mind) as before but are imposed, forced to injection in structure of motivational determinants irrespective of acceptance or non-acceptance. A confession, of a demonstrative-zealous kind in its loyalty, of official ideology dogmas becomes a basement of existence in general and of physical being in particular. It is not an activational loyalty that is demanded from the suppressed as in the previous evolution forms but an absolute, unconditional, blind and mindless acceptance of all aspects of official ideology as a basement of vital motivations. Summarizing, it is possible to say that extremist form of dictate with its peculiarities described in the previous chapters not only determines an essence of ideology but absorbed it as a dissipative organic component of a whole dictate and of suppression in particular. A level of suppression of that ( inefficient, in principle) dictate form is so high that it (form) cannot imagine its existence without of an all piercing ideology as a basement, justification of necessity, an organic component of dictate. The totality of ideological penetration, its repressive-negative character, an inculcation but not convincing, an orientation of demagogic, false essences but not on real structures of mind condition a presence in consciousness of individuals of some antipode-essences to official ideology, i.e., of a personal individual ideology that is antagonistic to an official one exhibited superficially. In essence, there are two ideologies present in extremist concretions: an official total one that is obligatory to confession, and a real introspective that is different from the official. A negative suppression in combination with ideology of the same trend results in natural suppression of hedonism of It that in its breaking through in consciousness is sublimated in determinants of negative to dictate motivations. An alienation from dictate interests results in concentration of individual motivations on a proper individual giving rise to motivational dissonance that is

progressing with dictate evolution and, with an accompanying intensification of a suppression, a significant part and a basement of which is composed of the same ideological repressive suppression. The doubled realities of ideology entail a doubled moral, ethics, laws, and so on, i.e., to existence in socium simultaneously of a declared and accepted under repression moral and a real hidden moral that determines many aspects of reality. The same is true of other aspects of state power. The mentioned above peculiarities of ideology of extremist dictate that are a basis, a reason and an initiative essence determined by dictate and also determine (at least partly) a complete motivational alienation practically of all dictate layers from its interests. It reduces an efficiency of suppression, in particular, ideological, and eventually increases negative to dictate motivational dominants giving birth to the process. The process evolves progressively as in a device having a regenerative (positive) feed-back up to a quick collapse (in the scale of history) of a whole formation. In that form, there is a violation of the general law of dictate evolution formulated above, since a short-lived existence, objective conditions of appearance and its negative-dictate essence (ideology, in particular) contradict to evolving growth of a positive-motivation suppression along with intensified growth of a physical suppression. In other words, a character of ideology is an evidence that extremist form of dictate is an occasional fluctuation from the general, global process of evolution of socium and dictate. However, an intensification of ideology factor at epoch of postcivilization and a more frequent appearance of extremist fluctuations may be regarded as a manifestation of a general tendency of a growing role of ideology as a determinant of dictate evolution replacing an ethnical one and resulted in spiral-periodic deviations from the general technologically determined linear dictate evolution. That phenomenon will be considered more thoroughly in chapter on extrapolation. Ethics and moral in dictate evolution Ideology of state power as a concretion of dictate in its evolution is connected with such socially-individual essences as ethics and moral (44) (44 -It is only a particular manifestation of the general law of determination by dictate of all aspects of functioning socium.). In a process of development, ethics and moral are determined as directly by dictate (categorically and concretely) so indirectly -- by ideology of state, its objectivity and a level of introspective adequacy. In their turn, ethics and moral due to immanent belonging to super-I and their involvement in structure of conscious motivational determinants have a significant influence on a character of evolution processes in socium, on level of suppression efficiency and on other aspects and structures of a concrete dictate form. Both ethics and moral as essences and categories have a nature that is to great extent relativistic. Relativity of these aspects of socium does not need an additional argumentation, since it got a powerful confirmation in works of strong minds: Aristotle, skeptics, stoic, Epictetus, Montaigne, Helvetius, existentialists, Nietzsche, and others. Analyzing and arguing an immanence of a relativistic nature of moral and ethics, these thinkers presented as a determinant of relativity ethnical, geographical, biological and political peculiarities of socium. It is possible to consider these determinants separately and to show that even if they influence structures of moral and ethics they behave as secondary derivative determinants. Biological, geographical, and so on factors determine ethnogenesis and ethnical isolation of a particular socium, i.e., indirectly through ethnical determinants they influence dictate evolution and eventually namely this global essence of functioning socium determines an essence and concretions of ethics and moral. Being the injected components of motivational conglomerate of

consciousness, these determined by dictate essences have their own teleology conditioned by a functional predestination of an individual in dictate structure and so have a varying content depending on which layer of dictate with its immanent destiny their influence is directed. Ethics and moral of professional hangman is different from ethics of producer of the lowest rank (in overwhelming majority (45) (45 -- Investments in layers and alienation of individuals from them result in mutual penetration of different psychotypes but functional efficiency of a layer is possible only when a major part of its individuals meets motivation stereotype (more exactly, a moral-ethical one).), and the same aspects of hierarch are completely different from any other layer of dictate. Besides that, dialectics of dictate evolution determines that these essences of consciousness also evolve according to direct dictate determination reflecting concrete necessities of efficient dictate suppression. Ethnogenesis as an external determinant of dictate at a stage of civilization, besides indirect control through dictate, directly influences an essence of ethics and moral. An antagonism of ethnoses at a stage of civilization results in gradation of these essences on introversive and extroversive, i.e., those relevant to own ethnos and to alien (46) (46 -- The stronger antagonism of ethnoses the more powerful this gradation of determination. Killing of a tribe's man is a grave crime, killing of an alien is a fit. Violence, robbery, extermination, and so on -- all objective formations of moral aspects get differentiation depending on these factors.). Lowering of a level of determination of dictate evolution by ethno genetic factor results in reduction of direct and indirect influence of the factor on evolution of moral and ethics and in appearance of global norms, dogmas and structures of these essences. Powerful motivations of ethnical self-assigning opposing an individual of a given ethnos to other ethnoses and determining a differentiation of ethics and moral turn to be all-powerful and suitable instruments in formation of conscious structures necessary to dictate, in particular of those under consideration -- ethical-moral ones concretizing activations using these motivations with hedonistic, subconscious basis. Still, human consciousness (of the suppressed) is not a passive clay that dictate can form by injection in it necessary determinants-essences. Norms and dogmas of ethic-moral (a loyal-dictate complex injected in consciousness of the suppressed by dictate interact if not with conscious essences of mind (socially acquired) then in any case with various to some or other degree sublimated essences, aspects of hedonism of subconsciousness -- of It. The interaction has a wide gradation: from a loyal compatibility, when there is an adequacy of injected in super-I ethic-moral dogmas to essences of I and It, - up to direct antagonism in lack of the adequacy. Depending on a character of the pointed interconnection, injection of moral-ethical dogmas either is used being absorbed in an applicative way by consciousness, or is deformed or even rejected by consciousness. In the last case on the background of declared ethics and moral, there is a real and much more effective common moral appeared and its antagonism with officious results in lowering of dictate efficiency. Early forms of ethics and moral A straightforward and simple dictate of a primordial flock based on direct individual physical suppression conditions moral-ethic sides of social life. A declared right of the strongest as a basis of ethics has at a given stage of socium and development no antithesis, since it completely corresponds both to interests of dictate and even to interests of the suppressed. A right of the strongest and aggressive, an immanence of social and hedonistic inequality, a lack of any conscious dogmas (ethical) restraining an arbitrary

rule and activity of the strongests - it is not a complete (47) (47- Because a complete list is difficult to compile due to a lack of concrete arguments and facts representing socium life at that epoch.) list of moral features dominating in a flock (49) (49 -- Moral and ethics are not always presented in a kind of written and non-written codes. They can exist as individual motivational determinants.) exhibit a direct link (having no needs in additional argumentation) with dictate essence and type of suppression that is characteristic of this form of dictate and is fixed in it in an unwritten form, is accepted by everybody and is rejected by nobody. A narrowness and singularity of ethics and moral, a lack of introspective, hidden alternatives are a reason of a long existence of the form (49) (49 -- Of cause, it is a secondary, indirect reason, since the main determinant (external) of dictate evolution and so of all its aspects is a technology -- the product of activity of contradictate passionaries.). A lack of alternatives, objective (concerning biosphere and socium) adequacy, acceptability and totality of inclusion, of influence -- these features are also a reason of efficiency (dictate) of these state aspects with dictate determination. An evolution of dictate historically led to formation of new structures and forms of suppression and to a new state formation corresponding to that dictate form - to slavery. A complication of the form and a growth of varieties of structures of socium, dictate, state power result in the case under consideration in an appearance and development of new aspects and structures of ethics and moral. A social-dictate singularity of moral and ethics and their organic continually-social absorption by all individuals of socium are disintegrating. Instead of that a differentiated gradation of these essences appears determined by various factors: ethnic, dictate-hierarchic, structural-state and others. Strengthening of the factors connected with ethnogenesis and an intensification of antagonism of ethnoses that implies a concrete-dictate antagonism determine a necessity for hierarchs to inject in consciousness of individuals such moral dogmas, which would allow to increase a fighting efficiency of ethnos to maximum and at the same time should be unacceptable with respect to individuals of own socium (50) (50 -- Striving and wishes to kill aliens reinforce stability of a dictate form in collisions but they are unacceptable with respect to own ethnos. It is an example among of many.). Inside that ethic concretion, there are evolutive variations determined by dictate evolution. Co-assigning to cult (see chap. 3) and killing of a major part of captured aliens fixed in ethic and moral norms corresponding to and determined by interests of dictate hierarchs (for example, at early stages of the form development in Akkad, Sumer, Elam) in the course of dictate form evolution are replaced by their conversion into slaves. At the beginning, mainly women are converted into slaves (51) (51 -- At a given level of development of suppression means, they could be suppressed more easily), then also men that immediately finds a reflection in variation of ethic and moral norms: a negative attitude to killing, social and legislative blame of those norms and dogmas that were generally accepted at previous stages of evolution and met hierarchs' interests. Evolution of dictate, conditioning a reflected in structures of mind of hierarchs a necessity of conversion ethic strangers into slaves, entails a necessity of a presence in ethic continuum of socium of components of social and individual supremacy of the socium members over others and also of injection of an idea of a secondary grade, a destination of being in the lowest, slavery level for members of alien ethnoses. That combination of norms with ethic determination has taken place in the all following formations and forms and so there is a necessity of a more thorough analysis of its introspective bases. The doctrine of ethnic supremacy is adequate, consonance to basic potentials and concretions of hedonistic basement of It. Injected in super-I, ethic and moral dogmas of this kind allow to justify a hedonistically determined striving to shift actions connected with oppression of hedonism to shoulders of the suppressed -- of slaves and to avoid introspective collisions between hedonism of It and ethic-

moral essences of super-I. That trick of dictate is superficially simple (claiming strangers to be a half-man gives a logical right on his corresponding treatment) but in reality it has deep roots in introspective-motivational basement of individual. The stability of mind structures and of psychotypes of layers together with mentioned above accounts for the effectiveness of this method of suppression in all epochs. Of course, this method of formation of necessary moral and ethics structures is valid for individuals having a sufficiently low determination level of motivations of super-I and a low level of hedonism sublimation in creative activity, i.e., for all layers of dictate except contradictate passionaries. Individuals of namely this layer never have been among supporters of nationalism opposing it with all-human cosmopolitism and namely they already rejected at the considered stage of dictate evolution, at slavery - the moral and ethic connected with ethnic and human prevailing but rejecting at the same time an egalitarianism. At the given period, a layer-dictate differentiation of ethics and moral norms has appeared as a declared so as a real one. A concretization of layer structure of dictate necessitated a layer differentiation of ethics and moral according to expediency, teleology of each concrete layer. Hierarchs, satisfaction of whose hedonism is a dominant that initiates evolution, confess ethic-moral complexes corresponding namely to this teleology. Moral of the layer at the given stage as declared so as a real one completely corresponds to dictate necessity and is determined by it. The moral includes such features as proclaiming of an overhuman essence of hierarchs' appearance (that gives a right on alienation of hedonistic wealth): superhuman, universal and absolute character of power as a manifestation of god's will and often a personification of god's features in hierarch (52) (52-Empire of Inks, Pharaohs of Egypt, Chines emperors, and later shoguns in Japan.) serving to the same aim; appropriation to aspects of satisfaction of hedonism of hierarchs features of mystical acts, mystery; appropriation to acts of primitive hedonism of features of state-social weal (53) (53 -- Brides of Sun among Inks, public sexual acts of hierarchs in Polynesia and in Indochina.); identification, personification on the whole of social weal and egocentric hedonism of hierarchs; absolute immanent dogma of basic individual, political, legislative, hedonistic prevailing of hierarch over separate individuals of socium. This complex of ethic and moral dogmas is a conscious frame of hedonistic dominant that determines an ability of hierarchs to initiate all the horrors of suppression in name of satisfaction of individual hedonism. Evolution of dictate at epoch of civilization is conditioned by the superposition of two tendencies, of two determinants: technology with a slow evolving growth of positive-introspective suppression and ethnogenesis with a growth of physical suppression. The growth of physical suppression is adequate to a primitive psychotypes of hierarchs and does not demand from them thinking efforts including moral-ethic ones. An autocracy, absolute hierarchy as the most abandoned at the epoch is connected with alienation of a moral of hierarchs from all-human, social moral and with appropriation to hierarch's will aspects and essences of the highest moral and ethics. A growth of positive-motivational suppression determines a necessity of unification of moral and ethics aimed to level an antagonism (with hedonistic determination) in consciousness of the suppressed. At epoch of developed introspective suppression, the phenomenon gets a big weight in social continuum of spiritual essences and willy-nilly, really or declaratively, hierarchs are forced to accept moral and ethics that dictate applied, injected in socium and often this acceptance has a demonstrative-orthodox character. The later is eased by the fact that at that epoch a moral being hedonistic in its basis becomes similar for hierarchs and producers. From the other side, layers of hierarchs during the epoch of civilization are formed not only of individuals with adequate psychotype but equally often of investitures with quit various psychotypes introducing elements of individual moral characteristic of a layer-generator. To the greatest extent, it is characteristic of a determined moral of hierarchs of extremist forms. Still, the hierarchs' main

essences remain unchanged due to the layer teleology and a necessary of individual consciousness adequacy to it. That feature to a less degree is concentrated in inherited hierarchies that reduces an effectiveness of hierarchs and to a higher degree at a sporadic replacement of hierarchs. Teleology of a layer of conductors and executors of dictate in the course of social-dictate evolution is different from a hierarchs' one that conditions also a difference in confessed and declared moral (54) (54 -- At a stage of slavery, dictate secures its existence using a physical suppression that conditions a minimal level of introspective components of conviction that in turn results in lack of antagonism of declared and introspective-confessed morals as it happens in other forms. Lowering of a level and a primitive formation of hedonism, prevailing of sadistic component, subordination external and spiritual, necessity and ability to acts of suppression determine an ethic-moral conglomerate of features helping to concretization of the layer teleology. Necessary components of an ethic-moral structure of super-I providing an efficient correspondence to the layer teleology include such essences as real (or declared) believe in ideological dogmas of a given concrete formation, dogmas of subordination and rejection from own will (on a powerful hedonistic basis (55) (55 -- A gradation of the rejection is very wide; from a simple fulfillment of a will of hierarch and apparatus of suppression to a complete rejection from individual motivations (ismailian, missionaries-fanatics of all times, and so on.)), introspective self-alienation from motivations of the suppressed, a stable motivational complex of disgust to a regular productive labor (56) (56 -- Helvetius says: "A person agrees three months per year to suffer fear, burdens and adversities only not to work for all year". The psychology of warrior-professional of slavery epoch includes that complex as a basic determinant since labor is extremely heavy.) (also based on hedonistic features of It) egocentrism with a bright sadistic coloration. Additionally, on the background of these real components of ethics and moral, there is a declared (and often organically accepted) ethical dogma (powerfully injected by dictate) of an identity of social weal and all horrors and nightmares of suppression (57) (57- They are very high at the given epoch as a low level of influence of technical determinant and a primitive physical dictate completely depreciate a life of the suppressed in eyes of hierarchs and conductors of dictate.) -- a result of activity of the very this layer. Here, even physical dictate with respect to producers results in appearance of dualism of ethics and moral: declared, dictate-injected and introspectiveindividual, layer-dictate ones. The first is a consequence of direct ideological injection of dictate in consciousness. The second is an indirect consequence of dictate influence realized through determined, formed and concretized by dictate peculiarities of a layer psychotype of people; it happens by applying an intensification of their already powerful basis of motivational complex by structuring of an ethic-moral censor of super-I. An effectiveness and efficiency of dictate-determined ethics and moral is determined by the fact that its organic acceptance or at least a demonstrated declaration of its acceptance as a complex of conscious determinants by conductors is encouraged by dictate that uses an external material stimulation of hedonism: by suggestion of power, money, luxury, women. The most beautiful woman is suggested to a brave warrior, harem to a military leader, and so on, up to Rome triumphs, dictate status of administrators, spies (58) (58 -- A formal creation of this category of conductors is dated back to the earliest stages of socium development (Egypt, Assyria, Babylon, and so on.). A general and invariable with time determinant of the ethics (declared) is an association of ethic-moral essences, positive from dictate's point of view for its aims and needs, with categories of common social weal. The second, more real (as it is relevant to a consciousness of concrete individuals in dictate hierarchy) ethics and moral is determined by a joint superposition of essences in consciousness defined by dictate-layer teleology, layer-dictate psychotypes of individuals, introspective collisions between

declared ideology, ethics, moral, -- and by objective-social essences of functioning socium, motivations conditioned by a hedonistic differentiation in stratified dictate hierarchy, and so on. A simultaneous presence of these variations of ethics that is immanent to the whole socium and in particular to introspection of the layer under consideration results in a conflict in consciousness of conductors (may be not always realized, on a level of realizedmotivational). It in turn lowers an influence and a level of determination of a dictate ethic-moral component that reduces a loyal to dictate motivation of the layer activity. A reduction of ethics influence reduces a level of loyal-dictate censorship (that is to great extent conditioned by ethic-moral categories of consciousness) and increases a level of the second ethics component of the layer. With joint efforts (breaks through) of hedonistic motivations of structures of It, it results in strengthening, concrete definition of ethics of negative-dictate, egocentrichedonistic kind that entails the most negative consequences for dictate as a whole and for the considered form in particular. That thesis has confirmations in history of any slavery dictate form: Sumer, Egypt, Iran but the most brightly in history of Rome (59) (59 - It is not in the last turn due to a large volume of historical and literature information about these formations that have reached us and it does not reject the statement with respect to any others.). Unification of ethics and moral of the early Rome at epoch of ethnic raising is replaced by ethics of the Cesarean Rome with growing prevailing of egocentric ethics that at epoch of soldiers' emperors makes an ethic-moral determination of loyal motivations completely negative (with respect to hierarchs of dictate) . Since contradictate passionaries to great extent are resistive to external injections in consciousness, are introspectively alienated from ethic-moral determinations due to an individual character of creative psychotype and negative passionaries are alienated from these aspects due to their layer teleology, so we have left to consider ethic-moral peculiarities of producer and accompanying layers. Accompanying layer is a social conglomerate of individuals necessary in dictate structure for creation of attractiveness using influences on consciousness and subconsciousness of the suppressed in a loyal to dictate sense. Ethics and moral concretions to great extent are a result of namely this layer activity. A general layer differentiation of the epoch under consideration had led to a formal definition of the layer: from priests, gerontocrats, keepers of customs to creators of loyal arts, writers, and so on at a later period of slavery, for example, in antique Greece or the Cesarean Rome. Individuals of the layer posses features determining peculiarities of their layer ethics and moral. The first feature was mentioned above -- it is a production of all declared and a part of objective-introspective ethics, the second is a presence of creative ability, potential conditioning the peculiarity of psychotype, perception, introspective resistance. Efficiency of ethics as a whole both of declared and individualintrospective, depends on a dictate-determined, positive-motivated by dictate compatibility of these features that determines a potential productivity of the layer. A possibility of efficient (with the aims of suppression) and talented influence on formation of moral-ethic structures of super-I is connected with a presence of sublimated (to a degree that is significantly less comparing to a powerfully sublimated hedonism of It for contradictate passionaries.) hedonism and (to one or another degree) intellect, i.e., an immanent ability to analytic (critical) perception of the surrounding world. It means a conscious, although often pushed out, understanding of relativity, demagogy, speculatively (in a narrow pragmatic sense) of a dominating in socium ethics and moral (61) (61-- That feature is similar to an analogous one of contradictate passionaries but for layer of contradictate passionaries a non-acceptance of introspective repression is a motivational dominant that is absent in the layer of accompanyings). A necessity (layer-teleological) to create the essences that reflect and propagating a loyal ethics and moral in combination with the above mentioned reason results in a situation, when real moral and ethics of the accompanying

layer is based on hedonistic egocentrism and introspective non-acceptance of produced (by individuals of the vary layer) ideas and principles of moral and ethics, i.e., while demonstratively exhibiting themselves as adepts of declared ethics, they introspectively confess an ethics of a narrow-pragmatic, egocentrichedonistic kind. The prostitution of declared ethics determines conjunctivedictate variations of these essences depending on needs and concretions of dictate both inside a frame of a given form and formation and at collision changes of an ethnical and state character. Being the producers of loyal to dictate ethics and moral dogmas, being informed on a process of their creation, accompanyings cannot accept their own creative work namely due to peculiarities of, although prostituted but nevertheless, creative passionarity (62) (62 -- Of cause, it is relevant to individuals possessing a sufficient level of talent. Untalented persons accept everything connected with satisfaction of hedonism). Non-acceptance of official moral and ethics and confessing of egocentrism, hedonism, and so on by creators of official moral results in an appearance of another dissonance, more exactly, antagonism in the social-dictate ethics and moral. It is conditioned by the fact that the main vital activations are determined by introspective-applying ethics and moral (at least, partly) but not by external-declared ones. A dissonance between reflected in I suppressed vital activations of accompanyings (with the above mentioned determination) and produced by them declared dogmas evolve according to a direct determination of dictate. A priest of town-temple in Sumer (Akkad, Ur, and so on (63) (63 -- In other words, at the most early sage of slavery that includes components of dictate of the previous form.) being a producer and carrier of ethic-moral aspects of state power and simultaneously a hierarch of dictate due to a small continuum of socium, to an early stage of dictate stratification (i.e., a conglomerated uniformity of socium (64) (64- At least comparatively to the following stages of the form when layers have been formed both externally and introspectively.)) present by himself an example of dictate determination of ethic-moral aspects of socium. At some stage of technology evolution (of the main dictate determinant) killing of the captured and raping women were a norm of moral because it corresponded to interests of a given concretion of dictate. Development of dictate form (in its technological determination) led to slavery, i.e., to a physical dictate suppression of producers. Then killing of a captured, a slave was taken out by dictate from a category of social virtues and later they were banned in written dogmas of moral and ethics and in legislative norms declared and established by hierarch, who in that case was their initiator. That potential and activation unity of hierarchs and accompanyings in the case of their physical combination is brightly exhibited in a structure of such forms of dictate as empire of Inks, Maya, in a religious dictate (ismailian, early Islam and Christianity, and so on.). Evolution of dictate is accompanied by an increase of a level of feasibilities and an essence of satisfaction of hierarchs' hedonism, who sublimate the introspective creative essences necessary for functioning of accompanyings (65) (65 -- A bright illustration of the thesis is presented by moralistslegislators as heads of early Rome and Greece: Lycurgus, Solon, Cato, Romulus and others and emperors of an epoch of decline: Nero, Caligula and others.) that causes such functions as production of ethics and moral to be alienated and appropriated to a layer of hirelings-accompanyings. The second reason of that layer appearance is a dictate necessity of an increase of level, quality and versatility of injection means of declared norms; literature, arts, philosophy, legislation, and so on demand versatility and an increase of a number of producers having immanent features for this activity. It results in an appearance of creators-specialists with psycho motivational stereotype of an accompanying layer. Unity of moral and ethics in early socium and an adequacy to objective, external respective to a concrete individual realities have been replaced by a differentiated moral corresponding to a developed social-dictate hierarchy of civilization epoch. A generation of all aspects of loyal-dictate ethics and moral

by an accompanying layer is inevitably connected (66) (66 -- At least, for creative, valuable for dictate individuals of the layer.) with an appearance in introspective continuum of the layer of motivational antagonisms, collisions between reflected in I together with a censorship of super-I external realities and determined by hedonism of It sublimated manifestations of an integral mind. Evolution of dictate connected with a growth of hedonism of the highest layers and with suppression of producers determines an intensification of the collision that is a reason of motivational self-alienation of the most creative part of the layer from dictate interests and its transition into other layers -- of negative passionaries (early Christians, sects, parties, and so on) and of contradictate passionaries. The given process causally determines lowering of influence of ethic-moral systems on basic motivations of individuals of suppressed layers that inevitably entails an intensification of injection of loyal dogmas of ethics and moral. It in turn transforms an essence of moral of a continuum of accompanying layer. Motivational loyalty and activation unidirectionality (according to dictate interests) are replaced by corruption, prostitution of spirit and alienation from declared moral generated by the layer. This process has taken place for all duration of dictate evolution with a tendency of progressive growth conditioned by enlarging of a number of the layer individuals, since development of technology allows to alienate from a direct production a growing number of individuals. Ethnic determinants of dictate evolution determining cycles of civilization epoch due to their superposition either intensify or weaken the process at concrete chronological intervals of evolution. The global dictate evolution strengthens a role, meaning and social status of accompanying layer (67) (67 -- In strategic determination of the process by technology and due to strategy of a process of intensification of introspective, positive suppression in the course of dictate evolution.). Before starting an analysis of dictate determined evolution of ethics and moral of producers, i.e., of the main suppressed layer, let us consider the process in layers of negative and contradictate passionaries exhibiting very peculiar features. A powerful sublimated hedonism combined with creative activity of contradictate passionaries determines a non-acceptance of injected moral. It happens on a basis of intellectual understanding of speculatively, relativism and miserable, prostituted pragmatism of these dictate-social categories. Individuals composing a nucleus of the layer at all chronological intervals do not accept loyal ethics and moral and due to it at some stages of dictate evolution of civilization epoch they are subject to direct physical extermination as carriers of a strange, alien moral. Especially often it happens at epochs of ethnic arising, tension, when ethic passionarity is superimposed on dictate-loyal motivations of the main mass of socium. The technologically determined tendency of evolution leads to development of contacts (motivational and activational) of contradictate passionaries and concretions of dictate as a causal consequence of growth of positive-hedonistic aspects of suppression. A cyclic growth of external suppression at epoch of civilization leads to a reverse effect - to a growth of negative motivations and activity of contradictate passionaries and so, of an introduction by them in ethic-moral continuum of socium of negative to dictate ideas and dogmas. A motivational psychotype of negative passionaries conditions some different reaction, different attitude to an injected moral. A low level of intellect and creative component helps to injection of loyal dogmas in structure of super-I but a gigantic hedonism (similar to hedonism of hierarchs) together with prevailing of I, i.e., with orientation of dominants on a correspondence, adequacy to external, reflected world is a basis and a determinant of introspective collisions, resolved by mind (of individuals of the layer) in favor of hedonism. In reality, it is a collision of an injected moral and a reflected real one, i.e., of an objective-social moral conditioned by activity of a whole social continuum of a given dictate form. A motivational stereotype of the layer is conservative,

stable at all epochs of spiral development of civilization and its dictate determination represents a periodic process corresponding to turns of dictate evolution of civilization period. A growth of suppression, an increase of introspective side of external dictate being reflected and collided in consciousness with motivational dominants of psychotype of the layer increases a connection of I - It, i.e., reduce an influence of structures of super-I that include as a basis an ethics and moral loyal in its essence to dictate. It results in an appearance of prevailing of negative-dictate and at some extreme level of suppression -- of negative-social dominants of activity. In a phase of appearance and blossoming of a dictate form, i.e., at the beginning of a sequent turn of dictate evolution that is characterized as shown above by an efficiency and a positive-hedonistic component of suppression, ethics and moral of dictate due to their adequacy to external realities are organically accepted by a part of negative passionaries and convert them in specific conductors of dictate. Blossoming of dictate at the epoch is often combined with ethnical raising of socium and positive motivations connected with ethnogenesis are associated with dictate and due to their localization (correspondence) in super-I strengthen action of the application effect of loyal ethics and moral up to a transformation of negative passionary in a courageous soldier sacrificing himself in dictate interests. There are many examples: growth of piracy and robbery, upheaval of (?)zingies, gladiator in Rome, epochs of the cruelest suppression at times of decline of Persia , Rome, and so on. There are opposite examples connected with Spain conquistadors, state pirates of Great Briton and France, men blazing trials and Cossacks of Russia, and many other examples of history. An introspective absorption of ethics and moral by the layer varying according to turns of dictate evolution of civilization epoch is combined with the strategic character of evolution determination of the aspects conditioned by technological factors of a functioning socium. A strategic increase of a positivehedonistic component of suppression connected with technologically determined evolution results in leveling of an antagonism with dictate while preserving motivational negativism. In other words, motivational negativism of a hedonistic kind with respect to dictate-loyal activity in forms of producer, conductor and accompanying dictate structures starts to integrate with activation, accidental compatibility in a whole continuum of objective manifestations of socium. It is immanently determines an application, a presence in structure of motivational dominants (at least, partly) of norms, dogmas, ideals of a loyal ethics and moral. The later in turn determines a gist of ethics and moral characteristic of the layer and their deformations according to dictate evolution. Examples are like these: functional conglomeration of a criminal part of negative passionaries with hierarchy of dictate in countries with minimal fluctuations of dictate evolution (69) (69 -- The USA, West Europe.) and more frequent substitution of hierarchs by negative passionaries in many countries (70) (70 -- China, South America, Africa after getting independence.) at the epoch transient to postcivilization. Ethics and moral of producers in evolution of dictate The main layer, i.e., the layer, on which at all epochs and under all dictate forms a suppression is mainly directed, is a layer of producers. A continuum of the layer varies with the evolution of the main determinant of dictate evolution - of technology. Technology determines both a dictate evolution and a character of producing activity of the layer being thus a universal determinant of evolution. Dictate evolution is submitted to the basic law of an increment of a positive-hedonistic motivational involvement. At the same time, a character of labor of producers has a stable trend (through the whole history) to a growth of intellectual component. Peasants and craftsmen of ancient times are replaced by engineers, shop craftsmen, teachers, and so on of a middle stage of civilization and further by highly skilled workers, farmers, agronomists, scientists, and so on at the transitional period (to postcivilization). A superposition of the two factors determines a strategic character of

evolution of moral-ethical aspects of suppression. The strategic character of evolution is influenced by some variations of these aspects due to actions of the second determinant of dictate evolution -- ethno-genetic one that gives to the whole process a more complex and sometimes a mach more complex character. Let us consider an evolution of these aspects in a chronology and accounting for a separate determination by the above mentioned factors. An early epoch - there is a flock, then a tribe and an appearance of civilization. There is no state as a form of dictate and so a lack of all its institutes of suppression. Motivations of protection, security accompanying a dictate self-assigning compensate a damage caused by hedonistic alienation of producers. A dominated in socium loyal ethics and moral (non-written, of course), i.e., a component of super-I, is harmonically combined, adjoins with dominants of I. That double complex does not suppress a hedonism of It but accompanies it, is combined with it. Necessary to dictate components of ethics that are voluntarily accepted by producers such as hedonistic self-alienation and asceticism of all levels, acceptance of a will of hierarchs, a restriction of own freedom, and so on are organically acceptable to the layer and do not introduce in its introspective continuum collisions, antagonisms resulted in breaking through of subconsciousness and so of negative to dictate motivations. Simplified ethics and moral are adequate to objective realities of being of the early forms of dictate. Besides that, a character of labor of producers does not determine a presence and development of intellectual sides of producers' mind that are directly connected with structures of super-I. Evolution of dictate at epoch of civilization causally determents a comparatively high level of positive-hedonistic motivational suppression as a superposition of influence of two factors - of technological and ethno genetical ones (at a phase of arising). A suppression is realized both by external, negative realities and positive, introspective ones. A combination of the factors and their ratio reflected in consciousness of producers determines as an essence of really accepted (conscious) dogmas of ethics and moral so a level of introspectiveconscious conflicts, antagonism between really professed and injected moral and ethics. A variation of the ratio between the components during a turn of evolution determines a moral of the layer, the moral that is really accepted by individual and is included in structure of motivational determinants of super-I repressing hedonistic It. The main feature of suppression during a turn (determined by ethno genetics) of evolution revealed in the previous chapters is a growth of external and reduction of a positive-motivation suppression. Realities of external suppression directed on producers and reflected in their consciousness as a negative -motivation, banning dogmas result in a tripled introspective conflict connected with all structures of mind. First, intensification of a direct pressure on hedonism of an individual, alienation of a growing amount of hedonistic wealth increases a pressure of It on restricting, loyal-dictate structures of I and super-I coursing powerful breaks through that are concretized as a negative or contradictate behavior including individual, mass, external and mental acts. Second, a reflection of realities of suppression touches first structures of I and their predestination -- an optimization of activity corresponding to objective world and to individual (71) (71 - Eventually, the criteria of functioning of I have also a hedonistic nature. The similar statements are present in early work of Freud "Sexual revolution and society".) categories and at a sufficiently high level of external suppression results in an appearance of motivational pressure on loyal, restricting structures of super-I that include as a main component ethicmoral dogmas. Third, the intensification of external dictate results in an appearance in introspective continuum of dictate and socium of powerful ideological forms produced by activity of contradictate passionaries and becoming negative with intensification of external suppression, i.e., ideas and dogmas of ethic-moral kind appear in conscious continuum of producers that are different from a loyal conglomerate of super-I and are necessary for an efficient

suppression. A complication, a superimpositional concretion of these two aspects of negative-dictate determinations results in alienation from dictate's ethics, in individual orientation and egocentric direction of motivations of producers, who are the carriers of necessary to dictate virtues including diligence, mind, courage, and so on; dominants negating a loyal moral appear in a complex of motivations or adding a declared moral with a really acceptable, really professed by producers moral -- always of an egocentric kind. The process is getting a steadily growing weight in every sequent turn of dictate evolution at epoch of civilization, since a growing level of intellect of producers, a spreading of the layer in quality and quantity entails a development of mind, brain of individuals; all aspects of mentality are developing including those relevant to the gist of super-I. To the dictate determination of ethics and moral of producers (direct), a factor is added connected with indirect influence of dictate through essences of ethno genetic and state kinds. A complication of a turn of dictate evolution is connected with a stage of obscuration and decline of ethnos that is characterized by an ethnic and state expansion; it is inevitably connected with wars taking place at a background of decline of ethnos and dictate form, i.e., of reduction of motivations of self-assigning to these forms of social being. A reduction of domination of a complex of self-assigning motivations connected in a very direct, necessary way with intensification of the same factors that were considered above. So, there is a continuum of various ethic-moral norms and dogmas in socium according to a layer teleology and a character of determinations of dictate evolution. Sexual moral as a very important aspect of moral is considered separately, since that side of person's life is so organically connected with motivational hedonism (as a category of intellect), is so versatile and all-around in its influence on psychology of people and indirectly on an essence of dictate. This is one of the main aspects of hedonism and an instrument of suppression; a special section is devoted to analysis of evolution of this factor. Dictate and sex A sexual side of individual's life and of a functioning socium is so important for understanding of essence of socium and dictate evolution that its analysis and its interconnection with dictate evolution are considered separately. Sex of a person represents a many-sided essence that is much wider and more universal than a simple hedonistic compensation for fulfillment of functions of mankind prolongation. It is a mechanism of a barrier, of pushing out of existential depression, fear of existence. Past coitus omne animal triste - it is not a simple vulgarism of a primitive mind, it is a quintessence of a collective wisdom that has noted that satisfaction of sex (in psychological and physiological ways) reduces (causally) a determined by the component level of motivations of an individual . A thesis of existentialism on an ontology of antagonism of a person and an objective world cannot be rebuffed (as it is impossible to rebuff a thesis of person mortality). There is no political system that would allow to get rid of a fear of death, illnesses, decrepit old age and only sex is a real force opposing these powerful ontological motivations, a hedonistic barrier and a compensation. That determines (as well as a hedonism of sex, i.e., a hypostasis of It) a role of sex and an attitude of dictate to it. Sex in all its mighty is versatile in a continuum of social and individual life of a person: it is an object of a considerable (72) (72- If Freud is right, than of an overwhelming part of life activations in general) part of its vital strivings, it is a mean of managing of people and direction of their motivations, it is a mean of formation of a necessary to dictate introspective dogmas and customs and in essence, it is one of the main, if not the main, hedonistic determinant of motivations of It, an incarnation of a "principle of enjoyment" in the highest to a person form. Let us look at the beginning of evolution when there is a physical dictate

in flock and tribe. What a dictate prevailing of hierarch of the form is reduced to? It is a larger and better part of food and sexual domination in socium. Slavery is characterized by the same feature but to a higher degree surrounded by technology determined attributes: luxury, arts, and so on, i.e., at a more refined level. The following forms introduce nothing new in the essence varying only means of realization -- from capturing women by military force and forming of harems (Asia, Inks, Zuluses, and so on) for a personal possessing to buying and selling of the best (superficially) women, i.e., a creation of collective harems of higher qualities and quantities. An appropriation of the right of sexual domination by hierarchs and surrounding them layers of suppression is an absolute and immanent feature of all forms of dictate, which could not be realized, if it were not based on principle features of psycho genotype both of the suppressed and women. Before we start the analysis, it is necessary to made several notions on peculiarities of psychotypes of women. The notions are based both on historical facts and on the latest data of natural sciences and have no intentions of any lowering of the sex: it is not at all a manifestation of a male chovinisme. Biology has come to a firm conclusion that an activity of male's beginning and an acceptability, passivity of women are genetically determined. In other words, woman is a propagator of new features of genotype and due to it she is responsible for reproduction. A cycle of mammal's reproduction and of man in particular is rather long and occupies a significant part of individual's life. During the cycle, i.e., pregnancy and bringing up a child, a woman needs in stationary, enough quantity of material wealth, protection -- in preservation of a current order of things (73) (73 -- One of the main arguments is a lack of women among contradictate passionaries because negative passionaries are only antipodes to hierarchs.), so in dictate. Her mentality (structures of I) is dominated by conservatism. The second basic feature important for our analysis has a hedonistic character but hedonism here is at a sufficiently low level, it is primitive materialistic. Its essence is in the following. A place and a role of woman in a patriarchal society are of such kind that they dictate her a necessity of parasitism with an application as an instrument of attraction of external attributes of sex. It conditions a requirement to support in a fitted form woman's body and at a corresponding level -- of all that surrounds woman; with development of civilization, a price of these requirements is growing fabulously. For woman, striving to an increase of a level in hedonistic hierarchy of socium is directly connected with primitive hedonistic essences that eventually are a mean and a purpose of parasitic strivings. That feature of the psychotype, its influence on a gist of motivational conglomerates is intensified by the fact that in a structure of dominants of woman's mind an emotional dominant prevails but not a logical determinant, i.e., there is a prevailing of internal variables (Tolman) determined by structures of I and indirectly by It but not by the highest dogmas and determinants of super-I. It is connected with another characteristic determinant - a lack or in the best case a low level of creative motivations. In concrete creative fields: philosophy, arts, literature, cognitive sciences - woman at all times and all forms of dictate (74) (74- -Even at matriarchy, i.e., possessing a maximum of external, objective potentials) never rose higher than loyal-dictate works. At epoch of civilization, parasitism of women in dictate structure has versatile forms -- from various kinds of prostitution (stateregulated, anarchic, hetaerism, and so on) to a legislative monogamous marriage that in combination with stereotypes mentioned above determines an attitude of carriers of sex to dictate in its evolution, because a widened but primitive hedonism as a motivational dominant unites, creates a unidirectionality with teleology of hierarchs and dictate (75) (75 -- Namely that, since irrespective of an ethno genetically determined phase of evolution in a cycle of epoch of civilization, the teleology of dictate gets to be more and more alienated from a teleology of socium adjoining only interests of hierarchs.). Due to the reasons,

woman subconsciously, motivationally is loyal to dictate (hierarchy) and readily plays all roles: as a symbol of success and an object of hedonism, reward for loyalty to dictate and as a mean of influence on structures of mind with the aim to inject loyal dogmas of a primitive hedonistic kind. Harem of an oriental despot, the most beautiful woman to courageous warrior in antique world, (?)houries in an earth paradise for ismailium, refined (and highly paid) hetaeraes and courtesans (76) (76 -- The best examples of women' creative work -- are associations and reminiscences connected with intimate life, i.e., with the same primitive hedonism.), and so on - all these represents the very symbols and objects of striving that are a powerful instrument of dictate for injection of necessary dogmas and motivational purposes. All kinds of marriage, arts and entertainment with erotic coloration from an ancient "wasp dance" to nowadays sex-bombs of cinema and variety are servicing to the same aim -- to injection of a truncated hedonism and to stabilization, conform transformation of activations and motivations of the suppressed. Hedonism of hierarchs determines their desire to appropriate the most large possible number of women (77) (77 --The statement is valid irrespective of regions and epochs. Medieval senior having a right of the first night and president Kennedy have realized their possibilities not less diligently than a Persian Shah or Tartars Khan.), hedonism of women attracts them to meet desires of hierarchs (78) (78 -- Socium is versatile and although a variety of women' psychotypes is less than among men there is at any epochs women opposing these tendencies. Here we talk about dominating phenomena in socium.); hedonism of hierarchs dictates a stable marriage to the suppressed -and hedonism of women responses to the same, since a stability of being and protection provided by marriage are an hypostasis of external hedonism. When there is a lack of stable marriage relations in a society in any form - as monogamy, polyandry (79) (79 -- In those sociums, where a woman-hierarch realizes dictate of a high efficiency, polyandry always dominates. It presents another argument in favor of the considered thesis.) as, for example, in society of (?)arioes in Polynesia, than a hierarchy of dictate is absent; more exactly to say a reverse: a lack of dictate hierarchy and so a lack of hierarchy (and prevailing) of hedonism determines an instability of marriage relations. These sociums in spite of their high efficiency with respect to external perturbations are short-lived. It is accounted for by the fundamental statement that a stability of dictate and socium is determined by a presence in it of a functional and structural hierarchy: hierarchy of functions, hedonism, rights. There are examples from history: a huge duration of epoch of Jews' existence with a stable family and short-lived (?)Arioes, Christian sects and many other sociums professing promiscuity. Having considered the introspective basements of connection of a sexual side of society life and dictate, let us proceed the analysis of an essence of dictate determination of evolution of that aspect of socium. Epoch of civilization has come with its ethnic conflicts and a progress of technology that allows to hierarchs to alienate from production also a part of women mostly suitable for satisfaction of hierarch's hedonism. Besides the hierarchy of dictate and hedonism, a hierarchy of possibilities appears connected with satisfaction of sexual requirements of individuals and corresponding to a layer hierarchy of dictate. The hierarchy, due to its material-hedonistic, objective essence, induces an appearance in introspective continuum of socium of a conglomerate of motivations connected with hedonistic pretensions on possessing of women as of the highest reward. Obtaining a woman (or women) in any form: as a reward for courage of military man, diligence and zeal of producer, pitilessness of conductor, and so on -- becomes a powerful instrument of suppression. A prevailing of a socium over surrounding is connected with capture of women (and at early stage with extermination of sexual competitors -- alien men), i.e., with enlargement of a continuum of material hedonism, which just as a continuum of material wealth cannot be (due to objective biological reasons) consumed by hierarchs and so a part of it is spent on stimulation of loyal motivations of hedonistic basement of It. Plutarch, Tacitust, Montaigne, Helvetius and many other

authors give historical examples of efficiency of this instrument of suppression. A courageous warrior of an early period of civilization, i.e., a warrior coming in direct contact with an opponent, besides physical qualities should have a big aggressiveness of psychotype that is to great extent connected with a quantity of sex hormone present in organism. In the light of the fact, it is clear why sexual stimulation of a loyal warrior makes him valuable for dictate. The same thing also efficiently affects producers of material wealth. Here, a sexual stimulus (as in a kind of one or several wives) is combined with another aspect of hedonism -- with stability and protection of being and sex. Diligence and loyalty of suppressed layers are stimulated by quantity and, the most important, quality of women used by dictate for these aims. Quality of sexual stimuli: beauty, skill in sex, luxury of surrounding -besides a direct hedonistic encouragement pursues an object of application, appropriation to a chic female a symbol of social status, a position on a ladder of social and dictate hierarchy, providing an individual with a feeling of prevailing over surrounding persons through domination over unattainable for them women (80) (80 -- The essence remains invariable at all periods - irrespective of name of the sexual symbol: concubine, hetaere, aristocratniss or cinema-star.). It is surprising to see that the giants of mind mentioned above have accepted the essence of the phenomenon as a moral weal, a virtue and have not discerned in it, from one side, an instrument of dictate and, from the other, a compulsory (and often a voluntary) prostitution of women of all sexual levels. Here, prostitution is used as a term in its direct and wide sense -- it is a usage of sexual essence for obtaining material wealth with alienating from production activity. Only presence of a voluntary, motivated sexual partnership without accompanying pragmatic aspects does not transform that act in prostitution. A similar thesis is present in works of several philosophers: Helvetius and others including Marx and Engels. An application of woman as a sexual symbol, a stimulus and reward and also as a criterion of social status, forcing her to sexual activity according to dictate's needs (often according to direct state's needs) results in corresponding changes in structures of motivations and moral (sexual, in particular) of all layers of dictate and of the very instrument of sexual suppression - of women. Hierarch (even a sexually disabled impotent) keeps a staff of the most beautiful concubines often picked up from virgins -- as a symbol of social mighty and an object of envy and strivings of surrounding people. Incas, Maya, Zulu, Persians, Arabs - all ethnoses, all hierarchies have these institutes. Greeks, Romans substitute stable harems with an institute of a high rank prostitution reachable for hierarchs and conductors and allowing to widen a circle and variety of sexual opportunities in comparison even with the biggest harem. Intensification, elevation of status of the symbol is connected with an increase of luxury that surrounds women from a sexual circle of hierarchs. A combination of a pure sexual symbol with material aspects of hedonism surrounding of concubines of hierarchs is connected in its turn with dictate evolution both directly (with a phase of dictate genesis) so indirectly though evolution of technology. The phase of dictate evolution at epoch of civilization is characterized by a growth of external suppression and a reduction of a positivemotivational pressure, i.e., by lowering of level of motivational self-alienation of the suppressed from hedonism. In other words, appropriation of vital-hedonistic wealth by hierarchs entails an application of a more intensive suppression and claims of the suppressed for hedonistic wealth of socium, including a sexual one, is stopped by a whole machine of suppression. Motivational claims of the suppressed for sexual wealth, i.e., pretensions on rights of hierarchs, imply a penetration in media of the suppressed of ideology and moral (including a sexual one) of hierarchs (81) (81- In extreme manifestations of the principle, the suppressed are invested in a layer of hierarchs ( for example, an epoch of Mamelukes sultans, epoch of soldiers' emperors in Rome, state of (?)zindgy in Persia, and so on). It results in a

situation, when sexual moral of hierarchs starts to prevail in the whole socium, i.e., a striving to appropriation of the most large possible number of the best women. An instability of a standard sexual moral and of a basement of stable marriage results in prevailing of sexual moral of prostitution of the highest layers among the other part of women. So the beginning of a spiral turn of dictate evolution at epoch of civilization determines a stability of sexual moral with the structure that is necessary for efficient suppression in all forms of dictate. Evolution in every turn entails a reduction of influence of dictate dogmas on sexual moral of the suppressed and in intensification of sexual moral, customs and activity usually named as depravity (82) (82 -- It is a norm of hierarchs' sexual moral and life.). There are examples from any times and any regions of the world: ancient Greece with strict customs at epoch of forming and with revelry at epoch of decline, ancient Rome from appearance to empire, Persia, Egypt, and all state forms of the following epochs. Technology evolution -- as a determinant of continuous evolution (83) (83 -- The strategical process, a superposition of which with the ethno genetic determined cycles at epoch of civilization makes a basement of dictate evolution.) being a basis of the spiral of development determines a growth of positive-hedonistic components of suppression. Since, with technology evolution a level of luxury of prostitutes (under any label) serving the highest layers of hierarchy increases, i.e., a level of material hedonism accompanying the business grows, so it is natural due to peculiarities of a psychotype of the suppressed that motivational attraction, social and moral status of this category of women also grows. A prostitute serving a king; a married lady having an adultery with a dictator; an actress having lovers from the highest layers of hierarchy, -- in eyes of socium they are not the infringers of dominating (injected) moral, are not deserved to be blamed but on the contrary, they are envied, admired, imitated, worshipped. In the case of women-hierarchs, the same is true of men-prostitutes (84) (84 -- The same is true of hierarchs-homosexuals both women and men.): Catherine II, queen (?)Obeyra (Montaigne "Essays"), and so on. From one side, a growth of volume and a variety of material wealth serving hedonism of hierarchs (determined by evolution of technology) intensified the tendencies analyzed above but, from the other side, a level and volume of wealth spared by dictate to suppressed layers is also growing. That fact together with a growth of positive-hedonistic motivations is a reason of reduction of volume of sexual weal appropriated by hierarchs. Besides that, evolution of technology is a basement of a global growth of human population due to reduction of mortality, victory over some external factors, increase and improvement of food, and so on. In other words, hierarchs and layers of suppression have no physical ability to alienate a significant part of women in their use. A bourgeois of XVIII c. has the hedonistic possibilities of a sexualsatisfaction kind that are very little different from possibilities of middle layer producers especially when we compare it with antique epoch, say, in South regions (Asia, Africa, and so on). Dictate evolution at epoch of transition to postcivilization with its prevailing technological determinant even more intensifies these processes. However, dictate cannot give up such a strong and suitable instrument of suppression that influence the deepest, powerful dominants of subconsciousness. Means and essences used as sexual stimulus of loyalty, sexual-motivational component of suppression are quit various. The most bright illustrations are presented by the first quarter period of XX c. Categories of women appear representing a sexual symbol, a summit of sexual strivings, a personified incarnation (and declared attainable) of a sexual dream. Actress, movie-star or a star of pornography, queen of beauty or a chic prostitute -- the essence is the same, namely to personify in eyes of millions of the suppressed a deity sex, a reward for loyalty and self-assigning to dictate. A venality of the symbol is declared and underlined -- all details of intimate (always venal) life are widely discussed in public press. Some of the most known sex-symbols have started their

carrier as primitive prostitutes or in pornopictures: May West, Marilyn Monroe... A circle of to one or another degree venal sex of the highest rank exhibited publicly as a hedonistic summit of being is widened greatly and is accompanied by a gigantic level of injected propaganda that inculcates persistently by all means in consciousness of the suppressed two simple ideas: the highest categorical character of sexual hedonism incarnated in a sex-symbol and a possibility of obtaining, its potential public attainability. Beautiful woman's body is around of an individual everywhere -advertisements, cinema, variety, literature, entertainments influence consciousness directly and associatively. The influence is eased by the fact that this essence adequately responds to the most powerful instincts of a man. Accompanying layer is very resourceful in pursuing the aim by applying: direct propaganda of sex-idols, stimulation of necessary emotional structures, association of sex-symbols with categories of beauty, expediency of being, life ideal; idealization both of the symbol and its life; accenting attention of luxury surrounding the symbol. The same aim is served by invested moral of sexual allallowing, by elevation to a pedestal of the highest aim of life a magnificent bed with beautiful female skilled in sex. The power of this instrument of suppression and organic easiness of injections of the above mentioned essences are accounted for by the fact that these dogmas, from one side, are organically adequate to subconscious hedonism of It and, from the other side, they strengthen the existential barrier, psychological barrier in front of a horror of death and nonbeing. It is characteristic and simultaneously an argument in favor of the statement that individuals having enough power of mind and fearless spirit to realize the essence of termination of being do not need an existential barrier in mind, alienate both from sex in any hypostasis and from dictate (gymnosophists of India, religious anchorites in all countries, and so on.). Let us further consider an evolution of real sexual moral and activity of various dictate layers depending on dictate determined introspective dominants of individual motivations and interconnection, deformation by dictate forms of an attitude to sex and to objective sexual moral. Chronologically an appropriation of sex is realized in various ways: 1. Direct physical compulsion and rape. 2. State compulsion with a partial hedonistic compensation. 3. Direct buying and selling. 4. Combined buying and selling using material and dictate resources of state. 5. State-bureaucracy buying and selling with application of factors of socialdictate status, involvement of prostitutes in the highest layers of bureaucracy, state guardianship and protection. Each type of dictate appropriation is characterized both by an instrument of compulsion of women and by their reaction and an introspection of sexual moral of socium as a whole. A direct physical compulsion and a violence characteristic of primitive forms of force dictate imply an appropriation of women by a hierarch in his favor using physical compulsion, physical domination in socium. A status of property: being a wife, a concubine, and so on -- of the strongest male provides a woman with a confidence in her security and protection of posterity and joining to the best part of material wealth of socium. From one side, this physical compulsion is almost always a violence, from the other side, it is adequately corresponds to hedonism of subconsciousness, i.e., to the most powerful dominants of motivation. At epoch of physical dictate, when practically defenseless person opposed both the nature and hostile neighbors, the second component was so important that negative motivations connected with compulsion were leveled or had insignificant influence on vital activations. A weak level of dogmatism of super-I and a lack of ideas connected with couple marriage, personal love, the highest ethic values (that are so weighty at next epochs) help to accept violence, compulsory that are reflected in consciousness, in I of women as an immanent necessity of being but not as a negative act disgusting to person's nature and offending it.

In consciousness of other males of socium, a sexual domination of hierarch determines a natural sexual envy, desires to retrieve women restrained by physical fear, negative motivational barrier (see chaps. 2, 3). These motivations are partly compensated by the same hedonistic complexes of protection as among women of socium, since hierarch not only dominates in sex but he is the first who meets enemy, obtains food and is the strongest fighter and hunter of socium. So in spite of direct physical compulsion in sexual life, physical dictate determines a harmonic adequacy of introspective dominants of behavior of socium individuals and dictate determinants of sexual moral and behavior. An evolution of physical dictate and a transition to introspective-physical kind of suppression change also a character of sexual appropriation. Basing of hierarchs not on their own valours but on a formed apparatus of suppression state apparatus, army, and so on is the reason for using these structures of suppression as an instrument of sex appropriation, of sexual prevailing in socium. Women are a military prey, women are a contribution of conquered ethnoses; the best women of domestic socium appropriated by force comprise a circle of female intended for satisfaction of hierarchs' hedonism and are used by them as a reward to conductors, warriors and others for loyalty and zeal. A beautiful woman (but from harem of power holder) is suggested to the best warrior, harem to a commander but from the same source. Slaves' women of Greece and Rome, harems of Persian, Arab, Zulu, Inks, Maya and any other power holders are an illustration of any ethnoses of that period not chronological but a dictate-evolution one (85) (85 -- As shown in chap. 3, 4, genesis of dictate is globally asynchronous and does not coincide with chronological history of mankind.). A woman appropriated by hierarch obtains at least at a period of blossoming of her qualities (beauty, temperament, womanhood) a status of the approached to circle of hierarchs. The approaching is not relevant to functional and rights prerogatives but only opens an access to material-hedonistic possibilities of the highest layers of dictate: to superficial luxury of life, alienation from production labor and self-defense, co-participation in orgies of hedonism. Ethical dogmas of contradictate passionaries of high level and power of intellect of that epoch do not have a success among women as far as they demand an infringement of primitive hedonism that is immanent to women of all epochs and nations that determines a lack or a low level of essences restricting hedonism of It connected with super-I. In other words, hedonism encouraged by dictate makes women not only loyal but highly diligent adepts of realities, in particular in a form of state power (86) (86 --- There are not negative to dictate social actions of women at this epoch, what is not characteristic of other epochs with suppression of women's hedonism.) and sexual moral. Moreover, initiated by dictate applications, appropriation to sex, to women a status of value, reward gives them an opportunity to raise a status, price of their individual love in opposite to the previous epoch, when love was taken by force. Body of woman, her skill in sex becomes a weapon in live struggle for hedonistic prosperity and the more luxury in her surrounding the higher status is acquired by its owner. A compulsion by state implies as a minimum a state's tolerance to all kinds of sex as refined so pervasive. It is impossible to use a woman as a sex challenge cup while imposing on her an ascetic moral. A resigned and positivemotivational acceptance of imposed by force sexual partners is immanently connected with presence in consciousness of a sufficiently light, amoral attitude to sex. It accounts for a high status as of concubines of hierarchs so of free trading prostitutes of a high rank and for social and dictate acceptance of sexual perversions as among women so among men. The statement is illustrated by homosexuality and Lesbianism of antique Greece, Saturnalias and festive occasions of Kind Goddess in ancient Rome and hetaerism in Greece and by scope of prostitution in Rome. The most illustrative fact -- is a wide general temple prostitution, when a venal, mercenary sex is not simply tolerated by dictate (in that case by a religious one) but directly is used in favor of dictate's interests.

As was told, the state acceptance entails a positive declared sexual moral. Still, objective, real social moral of sex is also tolerable, positive to prostitution and perversions. Apuleius, Lucian, Martial and other authors of the epoch, while reflecting its social moral, describe these essences not only with sympathy but attach to them an aureole of the highest human values. A state stake on sex results in such consequences as representation of a hermaphrodite as the super creature since it possesses a double sexual ability to enjoyment. Of cause, the highest layer of dictate accepts positively the situation that provides them with opportunity of widening of circle and variety of sex, possibilities to alienate in their favor women whether she is a slave, captive, a wife of producer, or a prostitute. Harems of the East or slaves and prostitutes of the West -- the essence is the same: alienation of sex by state, so, enlarging of possibilities of some at the account of others. The others in the first turn are producers with an imposed on them ethics and moral of asceticism. As they have to reproduce themselves and as it is impossible to deprive them completely of sexual life, a coupled marriage appears, a monogamy that makes of sexual opportunities of a producer to be kept at a minimum and attaches, conglomerates sex as an aspect of hedonism with functional natural aims of sexual relations. It is characteristic and at the same time regular that at a period of appearance and formation of dictate structure as state's concretions, i.e., at a period of intensive external influences and efficient suppression inside socium, an ascetic sexual moral dominates even in layers of suppression and often it is fixed in legislative norms and ethic customs. Then with a form evolution, when an efficient suppression is substituted for an intensive one, i.e., when a need has appeared in loyal-motivated layers of suppression, a sexual hedonism in the layers becomes more intensive and is encouraged by hierarchs. However, at all stages a destiny of the suppressed is remain to be an asceticism including a sexual one, at least the very this feature is the most desirable to dictate. Producer sublimating its hedonistic potentials in labor, in war, in guarding a wealth of hierarchs these are a destiny of the layer that is optimal for dictate. At the beginning of evolution, when hedonism of hierarchs and suppressing layers in a kind of sexual activity is not manifested so widely and actively, collisions in consciousness of the suppressed between hedonism of It, injected ascetic structures of super-I and reflected in I essences of objective dictate are not manifested so powerfully to neutralize a restricting influence of super-I and to result in a sexual activity rejecting asceticism. At that time, marriage relations are firm, a sexual life of producers in kept in a strict frame of traditions and customs, sexual dissoluteness, debauch and perversions are blamed by both of official, declared and by objective, social morals. There are enough examples in antique history in Athens, Sparta, Rome and others at epochs of their appearance and formation. A reduction of efficiency of suppression that is objectively determined by dictate genesis decreases positive-motivation dominants in consciousness of the suppressed, i.e., an influence of namely the structures of super-I that determine ascetic sublimation of producers' activations. A reflected in consciousness of individual growth of external hedonism of hierarchs and conductors also helps to level sublimating structures of super-I. An evolving growth of active hedonism of producers has started and a disintegration of sexual moral (transformation). Marriage relations are not firm, change of partners becomes a usual thing, prostitution blossoms in low layers, social moral becomes tolerable to adultery, prostitution, perversions. Scale of sexual dissoluteness and adaptation, listlessness of social sexual moral are a characteristic sign of disintegration of any form of dictate in general and of the considered in particular. Greece, Rome, Persia, Tatar-Mongol state -- ethnoses of that epoch of dictate evolution confirm the statement. A physical dictate is substituted for an introspective-physical and for introspective, i.e., such structures have appeared that along with external suppression include introspective positive-hedonistic motivational essences that

evolve intensively and extensively. Levers of suppression and material wealth of a whole socium are concentrated in hands of hierarchs. A further evolution leads to separation of formal power and state resources and hierarchs having a prevailing continuum of hedonistic wealth. A sexual component of social being of dictate, its essence has a small variation during these modifications corresponding to the third and fourth type of sex appropriation. "Deer-park" of Louis XIV as well as similar hotels of other hierarchs has been formed using both direct instruments of suppression and material resources of state. The most bright examples are provided by history of Italy, Great Briton, France, Russia, Turks, Persia: family of Borgia, Edward II, Louis XIII, Louis XIV, Ivan the Terrible, Catherine II, supreme governors of the East (87) (87- The same may be in less scale was made by other hierarchs revealing a less sex diligence but the essence is the same.), who had huge harems, -- they all secured a satisfaction of their wide sexual appetites using two instruments -- power and money, forcing and buying, negative and positive hedonistic dominants (88) (88 -- Of course, it is relevant not only to suzerains, the highest hierarchs. The same is true of the whole layer of hierarchs and of the highest conductors, executors, accompanyings.). The positive hedonistic instruments include not only material aspects (as a universal equivalent -- money) but also essences connected with ranking to the highest layers of hierarchy, social and ethical status, and so on. These essences are sufficiently weighty: a status of concubine of a Son of Sun or mistress of a king or a duke is sufficiently high in a structure of real social moral to make this busyness quite attractive in ethical sense. Development of technology entails a presence in hands of hierarchs of giant (comparing to the previous epochs) material resources and means of suppression. A level on material stimulation of sexual partners of hierarchs grows to such height that makes it impossible to withstand, since stimulations of a primitive hedonism (89) ( 89 -- Here, a primitive formation of hedonism, a simplification of its powerful subconscious essence is reached by an injection of corresponding purposes as objective realities and by influence upon structures of I.) is fulfilled with state resources. In sum, if we leave along external attributes, we have a state prostitution, i.e., acquiring of sex with the help of state power. The high social status of extra-prostitutes cannot help influencing objective social moral, in the first turn, a moral of women. Here, moral of women is affected by several factors. From one side, it is factors of social status and material-hedonistic principles that were discussed above. However, from the other side interests of dictate demand an injection of ascetic moral, minimization of sexual requirements, a firm monogamy marriage (90 ) (90 -- It cannot be regarded as occasional that one of the most intensive, orthodox forms of dictate -- a religious one -- prescribes these dogmas in the extreme degree -- rejection from sex at all even in a form of marriage.). A state non-acceptance of prostitution appears in general, dictate persecutions of careers of sex. In order not to lose own sexual interests, hierarchs create a segregation based on hypocrisy that cannot be understood only by producers due to their immanently low intellect. The essence of segregation consists in the fact that prostitutes of plebes as carriers of unwonted moral are ranked as criminal negative passionaries and are subject to state prosecutions. As for prostitutes of the highest layers under various labels: mattresses, he- and she-favorites, actresses, and so on -- they are ethically alienated from their selling-sexual essence and due to it achieve the status mentioned above. Power of dictate, aureole of over-human, over-social of hierarchs in associative form is transferred, clearing up extra-prostitutes in public opinion of the main mass of socium. A prostitute defiling naked in front of French or British court has an immensely higher status than her trade maid making the same in a pub in front of plebes. A collision of these two objective aspects of social moral at the considered epoch having a material formation in structures of social life and state power results in collisions in consciousness of women. From one side, there is a

hedonistic stimulation on reaching a high stage of corruption, from the other side, state-legislative and declared-ethical negative attitude to prostitution reflected in negative notions of super-I (91) (91- Due to its high ability to various penetrations, consciousness of producers is easily attainable for any persistently injected by dictate dogmas.) -- adjoining of these determinants leads to coexistence in consciousness of the two morals: a demonstrative, declared by dictate and a real one determined by the most powerful dominant of mind -- by hedonism of subconsciousness. Sanctimony, hypocrisy, secret depravity, adultery (quite abandoned and singed the praises by arts), sporadic prostitution of married and non-married "decent" women, a furious envy to luxury of extra-prostitutes, selling of virginity - all of these and many other phenomena controversial to declared sex moral are blossoming in full swing and determine a real sexual moral of socium. Penetration of motivation of direct selling of sex (in any form) in continuum of objective moral of socium has far reaching consequences. When in previous forms, sex was captured, conquered, was used as a reward, and so on, i.e., eventually sexual prevailing was connected to one or other degree with individual virtues ( mainly according to dictate-pragmatic criteria), here at the considered forms sex get a direct material price that during evolution became more and more concrete. This fact is reflected objectively in consciousness of men. As a quantity of money belonging to a person (as an equivalent of material wealth) becomes a single, strengthening with time criterion of value of a sexual partner so namely they become an object of sublimated activations of producers. It is a proper place here to make a digression. At antique epoch of early medieval, i.e., with powerful ethnic collisions, a presence of money was not a guaranty of hedonistic prosperity due to namely mentioned above factors, because their owner might be killed, town could be conquered, kingdom might be taken away (92) (92 -- Montaigne told: "Only at a threshold of death , it is possible to say: "I am living well"".). Due to necessity of satisfaction of hedonistic strivings, woman had to take into account personal virtues of a male. With strengthening of apparatus of suppression and structures of state power, a value of these factors lowers and a single one becomes the most weighty -- money. With transition to a total-introspective dictate namely the quantity of money determines a belonging to hierarchs, i.e., the two aspects of buying-selling discussed above conglomerate in one. At these conditions, even a tested instrument of dictate - monogamy, couple marriage acquires a character of a variety of prostitution making in that way the corruption of sex as a universal social-dictate category. Social, introspective, state realities of a total-introspective form of dictate appear inside a previous to epoch of civilization form - in introspective-physical. Due to it, its evolution at early stages is determined by the fact that in reality hierarchs of dictate are personified by functionaries of the highest layers of the namely previous form and appropriation by them of sex and sexual moral corresponds to social and hedonistic potentials and concretions of the form. A development of total-introspective form entails social, state and introspective changes of socium analyzed in the previous chapters. A suppression based on positive-hedonistic determinants of motivations of the suppressed has changed not only a character and methods of sex appropriation but also a circle of individuals adjoined to a widened sexual hedonism, i.e., structures of the highest layers of dictate form has changed with an immanent hypertrophy of sexual potentials. In the previous form, a circle of individuals adjoined to sex appropriation determined by a character of suppression included (93) (93 -- Besides hierarchs of the given form) the highest administrators, officials, generals, careers of a cult, and so on, i.e., those people who fulfilled a direct leadership of external suppression and an imposition of introspective dictate dogmas. Intensification and then prevailing of introspective essences and instruments in structure of suppression result in development of an accompanying layer and of that less significant before structures as guard, police, secret

organs, and so on. A strategic stake on hedonism widens an accompanying layer involving resourceful, intellectual individuals from contradictate passionaries and producers with developed hedonistic determinants (94) (94 -- Deformations of layers, determinants and introspection were considered in chap. 3). Using their necessity to dictate and due to hedonistic determination of their activity and common social injected hedonistic moral, accompanyings naturally raise their claims on co-participation in sexual domination in socium. Loyal writers, painters, sculptors, actors, scientists, philosophers, and so on, who were before alienated from the possibility of sex appropriation and belonged to producers or contradictate passionaries now become adjoined to sexual hedonism due to material stimuli, by which dictate encourages their loyal activity. A personification of loyal accompanyings - creators of hedonistic ideology, ethics and moral of the form, as hierarchs of sexual appropriation being reflected in consciousness of suppressed individuals leads to an objective intensification of dogmas of loyal-hedonistic (and sexual too) moral, since declared dogmas are combined with realities. The current stage of that form of dictate development shows that demonstrative sexual anarchy or movie-stars, variety, television, Bohemia on the whole specially exhibited and encouraged by dictate determines a natural envy and a desire to imitate (95) (95 -- A basis of these, at the first glance prosaic and having no attitude to dictate, feelings is connected with deep hedonistic determinants of It and dictate stimulation, injection of positive dogmas in super-I and indirectly in I that helps the breaks through of hedonism in concretions of activity.), striving to realization of a similar sexual moral and concretions of sexual life. An elevation by dictate of idols from a circle of accompanyings to pedestal of the highest human virtues with proclaiming (as by dictate so by a loyal moral of accompanyings) of hedonism as a whole and a bed with a beautiful and skilled woman in particular -- as the highest value and the sense of life results in release of sexual motivations and activations from a press of external suppression by transferring sex in that way into a selling essence. Possessing of the later in any form and quantities is suggested as a reward for loyal activity -- indirectly through the general equivalent (including sex) -- through money. A development of structures of external suppression: police, guard, censorship, secret organs -- results in injection of their highest rank into conglomerate of sexual hierarchs. Here, a character of sex appropriation is a little bit different from a simple selling. In distinction from direct external suppression of previous forms that were natural and need no moral justification due to their objective essence, an external suppression here either has a veil of a moral and legislative necessity or is realized secretly without presentation for public discussions. A sexual appropriation here is fulfilled using both money and secret levers of suppression and in the last case womencarriers of corrupt (in any form) sex are often included in structures of secret suppression. Summarizing, we can say that realities of being and suppression and sexual moral declared and objective ones give to women of this dictate form a powerful lever, a mean of penetration in the highest layers of hierarchy. Movie-star, actress, prostitute, a wife of plutocrat (as a particular case of wholesale prostitution) -- these carriers of corrupt sex use it as a mean for penetration into the highest layers not only of hedonistic hierarchy but also of hierarchy of suppression. Sex becomes an important feature of functioning dictate not only in introspective-hedonistic hypostasis but as a direct objective essence of social being having material, monetary and dictate values. At all epochs, sex was for women (at least for females with high positions) a mean of breaking through of casts', dictate-layer's barriers. When in physical forms of dictate, it gave them a possibility of obtaining mainly hedonistic prerogatives, here using sex they get dictate, layer-hierarchy prerogatives connected with an attitude to suppression (96) (96 -- An argument in favor of the statement is a concentration in hands of women (young widows) of an increasing amount of money inherited and obtained using sex.) since from an outcast,

hypocritically disguised aspect of life sex becomes a proclaimed and declared essence of life. An intensification of sexual-hedonistic component of super-I results in strengthening of hedonistic barrier of existence, i.e., feelings, external aspects and essences suppress breaks through of contradictate dominants arose due to collisions with existential motives. Leveling in consciousness of the dominants directly or indirectly connected with realization of ontological truth of finite being, of a place in surrounding world always leads to a hypertrophy in consciousness of the weight, meaning that hedonism has as a whole and sex in particular that in turn increases a level of dominant motivations of selfassigning to dictate. Another important feature of sexual moral of the epoch of totalintrospective dictate is its conformity, unity for all layers of dictate. It is a direct consequence of the character of suppression of the form having several positive features from an efficiency of suppression point of view. Uniformity of sexual moral as a part of hedonistic moral of socium injected by dictate results in the situation when a declared object of motivations, vital activations -sexual domination and sexual hedonism -- become an objective essence of socium in its concretions and introspections, in its integral continuum. A lack of stratification, differentiation of moral causally leads to uniformity of motivations (at least of the significant part that is connected with sex and determined by it) of the suppressing and the suppressed, to leveling of hedonistic dissonance in introspective continuum of socium and so, to an increase of efficiency of suppression on the whole. The XX c. represents examples of connections between repressions of sex and inefficiency of suppression (97) (97China, Japan at epoch of Tenno(?), USSR, and others.) and in opposite, between a free sexual moral and efficient suppression (98) (98 -- Scandinavia after 60-th years, the USA, and others), - of course, in a frame of the namely considered form of dictate. It the total dictate evolution, a special place is occupied by such fluctuating form of dictate as an extremist one. Peculiarities of the form, its illogically, determining specific suppression, condition also a specific sexual moral and sexual life of socium. Intensification of suppression and its elevation on an unusual height being aimed namely on hedonism of It of individual-producer is inevitably spread onto sexual moral and concretions of sex. Sex repressions, injection in moral-ethic continuum of socium of dogmas of sexual asceticism, depravation of sex of its enjoyments, vital essence, association of sex with disloyalty and so on, represent various sides of one -- of a super intensive suppression of hedonistic introspective essence of human sex (99) (99 -- In distinction from a purely reproductive sex of lower animals) as an antithesis of loyal asceticism of the suppressed. A wise intention of dictate to intensify loyalty by suppressing sex as an important part of existential barrier lowers that barrier and decreases its resistance to penetration in active consciousness existential motivations, i.e., namely of those that are the most powerful motive, initiator of contradictate potentials and concretions. Here, when the level of sublimating activations of an individual is low, there are motivation vacancies in consciousness, a psychological vacuum -- a volume for existential melancholy that inevitably results in dropping out of an individual from a loyal part of producers -into negative passionaries, in lumpen, and so on. Sex in extremist forms loses its function as a hedonistic reward, compensation for loyal activity and so as an object of buying-selling as a part of integral hedonism. A super suppression of sex in the form leads to declared acceptance of sexual asceticism by all dictate layers -- from hierarch to producer. However, when to some or other degree it is natural for producers, for hierarchs and layers of suppression it contradicts principles of dictate existence as a category and an essence. The later naturally causes an appearance of gradations of sexual moral and essences and a powerful antagonism in introspection and activity of socium. A lack or a low level of direct selling of sex (100) (100

-- Prostitution as a trade is always subject to legislative prosecutions in the frame of the form at least externally, since it is an aspect of social hedonism.) implies an immanent presence in socium structure of other instruments and means of alienation and appropriation of sex. It includes a direct compulsion of women by power and secret organs (101) (101- A hypertrophy of which makes them one of the most powerful forces of compulsion of the suppressed.) and mainly state-bureaucratic selling and buying of sex using factors of social--dictate status (102) (102 -- Connected with public and hidden material-hedonistic prevailing), involvement of prostitution (in any form and under any sign-board) in the highest layers of bureaucracy and dictate, state guardianship and protection of loyaldictate prostitution by institutes of extremist dictate. Application to prostitutes of a socially high status connected with legislative material prevailing in socium is an instrument of sexual compulsion and simultaneously a hedonistic encouragement of prostitutes in hypostasis of state officials (including guarding, secret police, and so on), dancers, later mannequins, actresses, and so on. A formal absence, legislative rejection and declared-social non-acceptance of prostitution by this form of dictate are a manifestation of the strategic feature of its ideology -- of demagogy, since prostitution of women with the aim of sexual domination of hierarchs and conductors is fulfilled by state means and at state account being assisted by its ideological foundation - by vulgar egalitarianism. Of course, it does not mean a complete alienation of the suppressed from sex as in some Oriental countries. The alienation takes place in a form of imposing on the suppressed an ascetic sexual moral, a compulsion of them to a strict monogamy, hypertrophy of reproductive function of sex, i.e., declaration of the namely features that are not connected with hedonism. At these circumstances, women lose all aspects immanent to them before as carriers of sexual hedonism such as: sexual reward and stimulus of loyalty, object of buying-selling, sexual symbol of dictate-social dominating, socialontological meaning of being, and so on. At that form, women become a voiceless and deprived of rights element of a total machine fulfilling sexual whims of hierarchs namely due to inclusion in the structure of functioning socium and dictate with some hedonistic compensation of sexual loyalty (examples: ismailian and China at epoch of Mao; here, a gist of sexual component of social being corresponds to namely this stereotype). At that form of dictate, women quit organically are included in structure of dictate (103) (103 -- An external compulsion, from one side, to one or another degree, is adequate to masochistic dominant of the most women, from the other side, its negative sides are compensated by a material hedonism and a guarantee of protection.) but layer gradations of moral, in particular, of sexual one, lead to appearance of introspective collisions of a sexual type determining contradictate motivations. From one side, an imposed by dictate sexual asceticism (in a form of orthodox monogamy, lowering and spitting on sexual joys, and so on) is not accepted as it is by subconsciousness of It; from the other side, a reflected in consciousness presence in objective world of luxury, chic females, prostituted sex in a beautiful wrap but reachable only for hierarchs -- these are the very features that are characteristic of all extremist state forms of dictate -from state of (?)Zindgy, Ismailian, (?)Saudelers to France after 1793 y., Russia and China of the XX c., and so on. A many-sided introspective conflict on a ground of sex induces an appearance of heterogeneous sexual moral: a sexual hedonism of hierarchs and conductors with a component of sadistic compulsion of women camouflaged by a revelry of women's hedonism on a basis of primitive, pragmatic materialism, declared asceticism and an objectively professed hedonism of the suppressed deprived of loyal-dictate motivations, more exactly, negative to dictate. Power of sex as a dominant of It at that situation becomes a factor destroying a loyal introspection of dictate and eventually the dictate form itself.

Law Dictate determinations: official and unofficial law and arbitrary rule of suppression In that section we shall analyze a strategic character of dictate determination of law, i.e., a causal connection of dictate evolution and an essence of law forms. A variety of temporal and regional law structures is extremely great so we will analyze only the variations that are of interest from the strategic process's point of view. A step by step chronological analysis of the processes in each particular ethnos is also impossible for the amount of material, so we will investigate knotty points of dictate evolution and corresponding law codes, structures, law, character of arbitrary rule and penitential system. Applying the suggested theory and methodology, an erudite reader will find confirmation for presented lower strategic determinations by dictate of essences and forms of law in any concrete case: legislation, penitential system, level of arbitrary rule of any state at any epoch. The most simple for dictate way of suppression -- is a completely unrestricted external and introspective repression of any potentials and concretions of disloyalty. Yet, this method meets a resistance of person's mind and of the whole suppressed socium because association of negative aspects of suppression: punishment, killing, and so on -- with a concrete will of concrete individuals leads to formation of negative images in reflections of these individuals in consciousness of the suppressed and then by association of the whole system of suppression, form and concretion of dictate and then to actions negative to dictate. A suppression needs (continuallyintrospectively) a consecration of its nightmares, in application of categories of predestine, immanent-organic necessity, quintessence of human wisdom, good teleology and on the whole -- a category of socium common weal (or of the main part of it). To talk about realities of these essences is as senseless as to discuss whether dictate is a good or negative event in general. Law is the same immanent side of social being as dictate, as various psychotypes of layers, as mortality of an individual at the end. Some analogies -a constatation of existential antagonism of an individual and universum - are not an attempt to apply to that essence a character of a negative or positive category. It is a matter of fact just as there are no positive mathematical equations or negative atomic structure of a substance. Physical dictate needs neither a law nor a penitential system since both of the essences are concentrated in an individual-hegemone, in his will and deeds that are very subjective and are based on his physical and psychological concretions. A lack of development of ethical components of super-I conditioned a lack of necessity of introspective justification of suppression motivated exclusively by hedonism (hypertrophied) of It. An appearance of the first aspects of introspective, motivational suppression entails an appearance of law -- from customs, community taboo to a strictly formed code of laws. Customs and taboo of community and tribe directed on introspective suppression of motivations different from a loyal stereotype eventually serve the aims of dictate suppression and have an objective status of internal-social law consecrated by the highest wisdom of gerontocrasy and associated with total wisdom of the oldest of current and previous generations. An appearance of state formations with formed structures, i.e., with sharing of functional and, the most important, of hedonistic possibilities of individuals implies a presence of introspective components of suppression. It entails a necessity of a formed law as a mean to legalize an external suppression and reflectively-consciously -- an introspective suppression. Being a reflection of concrete needs of dictate, law -- official (laws and customs, taboo) and unofficial (arbitrary rule of hierarchs, subjective will of the highest layers of dictate) is a causal product of an essence of given concrete dictate form; its components are an official embodiment of means of efficient solution of dictate vital tasks.

Theoretical constructions of giants of mind of previous epochs: Plato ("Republic"), Aristotle ("Politics"), Machiavelli ("The Prince"), Rousseau ("Social Contract") and some others (104) (104- Including fruits of fantasy deprived of philosophical basement (More, Owen, Fourier).) with all their witty and intuitive guesses are no more as artificial constructions, social artificial structures deprived of a basement of objective-social and individual type that may provide them with a character of theory reflecting objective essences and relationships of human community and due to it they would have features of extrapolation, foreseeing of the future. There is a common feature in the basement of these treatises -- a lack of those objective essences that condition a presence and a necessity of state and laws and evolution of the structures. Law-makers sometimes they are hierarchs, sometimes conductors and accompanyings - never made any "collective agreement", they only legalized concrete needs of official suppression in a code of regulations, laws applying various camouflages: given by god, will of a personified highest mind, will of the supreme race (Inks), very different variations on a topic of people's will and democracy, and so on. Sometimes, laws are directed on restriction of will and arbitrary rule of the highest layers of socium but it only seems to be in a contradiction with the previous statement since an arbitrary rule and will-claiming of autocrat or oligarchy not at all always respond to tasks of efficient suppression; moreover, as analysis in previous chapters has shown, a subjective will-claiming of a hierarch as a basement of suppression in the most inefficient form of suppression for a sufficiently long period. Namely dictate, as it is treated in the work, is the objective essence, is the determinant that conditions a gist of law and its evolution. It should be mentioned here that law is tightly connected with ideology of state form in its evolution as both of these components of socium are directed on realization, injection of similar or identical introspective essences. When ideology is based on categories relevant to all-human virtues, on prostituting of ontological truth, ethics, and so on for injection in super-I of loyal dogmas and purposes, law serves for injection in the same structures of mind of loyal ideas of over-human, everlasting predetermined , immanence of social good of suppression. The essence is the same, so there is similarity in determination of law, its adequacy to practical needs of suppression. Let us start the analysis of dictate determinations of the oldest among reaching us codes of laws of Sumer, Akkad, Ur, since a structure of the preceding to these states social forms is in great extent hypothetical (105) (105 -- Such as preceding cultures of China, Indonesia, Near East, South Europe and Africa.). An appearance of formed state structures and so of law is known to us from an early Sumer state of a proto-writing period. Characteristic features of dictate (a beginning of a physical form) at the epoch are the following (106) (106 -- For a more thorough analysis, see chaps. 1 - 3.): low level of technology and so means of suppression; lack or a low level of development of state structures and so introspective structures of suppression; commune character of being; emanation of specialized groups of socium -- producers, warriors, and so on; appearance of administration alienated from production -- of hierarchs of socium and cult. Law in a formed type as it takes place in more late and developed sociums -- inherited when there is a system of collective memory, legislative norms, dogmas, notions, - at this epoch only starts to appear and includes mainly ethnical customs, structures of gerontocrasy, and so on. Small abilities of external, physical suppression (107) (107-Military skill is rudimentary, weapons are choppers, darts, daggers, maces, a lack of organized army - all of these by an efficacy are not higher than a crowd of producers with means of labor.) in a frame of appearing physical dictate, as was shown in chats. 1 - 3, is sufficient mainly for such objects of suppression as women and children (108) (108 -- It has been shown in chaps. 1 - 3 that the reason of that not only in physical supremacy of men but also in structures of psychotypes.). Due to it, unwritten law (in a kind of commonly accepted customs)

regards killing of almost all captive men and violence over captive women as acceptable, necessary and expedient (109) (109 -- That is completely unacceptable for law of other dictate forms and is regarded as a crime). It is introspectively accepted by those, who are the objects of violence, i.e., the phenomenon acquires features of a commonly accepted internal law (110) (110- Because that concrete law is accepted, accounted by all members of socium (excluding, perhaps, contradictate passionaries), even by those, who lives violating it, since a negative passionary accounts a possibility of punishment, i.e., an action of law). A commune character of production is in a contrast with an emanating layer of hierarchs and it conditions a legislative basis of property on earth, products, metal. Hierarchs appear in town-temples as well as injected categories associating a commune property, a commune right on hedonistic wealth. The law is formed in commonly accepted structures. All these aspects of dictate-determined state power become more and more concrete, formed according to evolution of the dictate form. Evolution of the strategic determinant of dictate -- of technology, as shown, results particularly in development of means of suppression that in turn entails variations of law as in essence so in form. State (temple) professional military detachments are created that included a heavy and light infantry and charioteers. These detachments had an organization structure, were good trained in military skill and were supplied with defense equipment (cloaks with copper plates, shields) and uniformed armament. Strengthening of military structures of suppression, an appearance of state hierarchy - a military governor with a layer of conductors (detachments and clients) from one side and the suppressed (community) from another side result in dictate necessity of inclusion in continuum of suppressing essences of introspective instruments and methods. The introspection of suppression (in a positive-motivational aspect) implies a presence in structure of state power of some elements different from a will of hierarch, from negative-motivational means of physical suppression, namely - a form of law. Illustration is given, for example, by evolution of dictate and law in Lagash starting from XXIV c. BC. At this epoch, a right on earth possessing had appeared -- at the beginning as ethnic customs and traditions, then as a formal law: temple's or priests' (state) earth (asa/g-pig-ena) was cultivated by temple hired workers and products were used for temple needs (state, dictate): earth given for use to producers (asha/g-cyr, asha/g-shykum), conductors, military; earth lent for a part of products get from it ( asha/g-nam-yry-lal). In distinction from a physical appropriation of material wealth, here we can see essences of an introspective, positive-hedonistic suppression, stimulation of motivational dominants of self-assigning to dictate and co-participation in functioning, since the law gives a producer some guarantee of obtaining a part of wealth of his production and this part is determined by law but not by arbitrary will of a hierarch. This introspective-dictate determination of law is fixed in regulations of Ur-inimgine (2318 y. BC) where a restriction on physical suppression is directly reflected at the end of text: "He concluded this precept with Nin-Ngipsy in order a strong person makes no harm to orphan and widow". In this, the most ancient of rights regulation laws are established against killing, theft, robbery, and so on, i.e., namely against the actions that are characteristic of primitive-physical dictate. The reason for that is not in some "collective agreement" representing artificial theoretical structures but in the fact that a complication of structure of dictate and socium connected with appearance of dictate hierarchy of hedonism determines a necessity of a positive-motivation involvement of individuals in these structures, i.e., a necessity of motivational compensation for alienation of hedonistic wealth by hierarchs. Under conditions of powerful external influence on socium (here, it is Lagash) of ethno genetic kind, of struggle with nature, and so on, a hierarch being simultaneously a law-maker was obliged to control a fulfillment of his laws and to keep of his arbitrary rule at a minimum level. In opposite case, an

appearance of negative motivation collisions in introspective continuum of socium would reduce its integral passionarity, unidirectionality of motivations (potentials) and so, activations that lower a stability of dictate, its ability to resist to external perturbations and be adopted to them. Such a situation had been kept for a long time: in Sumer, Akkad, then in Ur, Babylon and then in Egypt up to approximately of pre-Hellenic period (111) (111- Here, of cause, we discuss a strategic character of evolution of dictate determined law but not of various fluctuations caused by concrete ethnical reasons.). Greece, then Rome at the South of Europe, Persia, China represent examples of a developed form of introspectivephysical dictate with characteristic peculiarities of suppression and respectively of law and arbitrary rule. As an example of a concrete determination by dictate of an essence and a form of law, of interconnection of peculiarities of suppression and structures of laws, we will consider an evolution of law in antique Rome. The essence and character of "tzar laws" are known fragmentary and we will start an analysis from laws of XII tables (451-450 y. BC). The epoch is characterized by an organic complex of transient-physical and introspective-physical dictate, community and slavery, gerantoctacy and paternalism in conjunction with socium separation on patricians and plebes, slaves, and so on. Presence of agriculture, i.e., a necessity of an expedient continuous labor, determines a dictate requirement in involvement of a producer in a common structure or in forcing him. From one side, it conditions a co-participation of Rome quirites in use of hedonistic wealth (here, food) and a corresponding right on earth reflected in laws of XII tables, from the other side, there is slavery including a paternalistic right on children up to selling. Motivational stimulation of quirites to productive labor is impossible without legislative guarantees of the state securing for quirites a preservation of earth and products. It conditions laws on protection of lots, boundaries, protection from damages. In particular, there were bans on works that hinder draining of raining water, on planting trees making shade on the earth of neighbor, on cutting somebody trees and vineyards, and so on; all the bans were accompanied by prosecution measures. We also see here laws against theft. A co-participation in consumption of hedonistic wealth, needed for motivational involvement of a free part of producers (quirites) in dictate structure is causally connected with state (dictate-law) guarantees of sanctity of property under fear of punishment that is reflected in laws. Punishment is very severe: for crop theft, arson of building or seeds the blamed was crucified or burnt alive. A theft was killed and a slavetheft was thrown down from a Tarpey(?) cliff. Along with this, dictate evolution intensifies a state power in all aspects that conditions a dictate necessity to increase a responsibility of officials, since under conditions of powerful ethnic collisions a corrupt bureaucratic apparatus would be an inefficient instrument in fulfilling of suppression. It entails laws on punishment of judges, arbiters convicted by evidence in bribery, quirites deviating from military service. A stratification of socium and an appearance of dictate layers with immanent hedonistic possibilities, a necessity of preservation of the stratified structure conditions an appearance of laws prohibiting mixed marriage between patricians and plebes; in that way, possibilities of a powerful force of cast (dictate-layer) barrier breaking -- of sex are leveled. Since a layer of hierarchs at the stage of development of suppression lacks sufficient abilities of authoritarian willed suppression - there is no police, guard, military power is not subordinated directly to hierarchs, lawful system is alienated from a will of a concrete hierarch (or hierarchs) due to remnants of commune traditions, paternalism, so a willed arbitrary rule has a small weight in a structure of rightful activity of socium. As a confirmation, there is a law about unjust judges, whose role most often was played by hierarchs. A further evolution of dictate in Rome has the following strategic directions: intensification of state (republican) institutes (as a dictate form), development of slavery, intensification of suppression (both of external, physical

and introspective), increase of ethno genetic external factor (perturbations). These factors determine a necessity of strengthening of the aspects of suppression that are connected with authoritarian side of power, state (112) (112- Due to decrease of efficiency of suppression and immanent increase of its intensification and due to growing of ethnical, external (with respect to the dictate) perturbations and beginning of ethnical expansion, a stratified structure of dictate is formed having special functions and possibilities of hedonism, i.e., of a state and so all of its structures. It is a side of the general law of dictate evolution.). Court as a mean of realization of legislative basement is transformed into state organ (113) (113 -- Questiones perpetuael in connection with the Calpurnia? law , trial of Sulla - questiones de falso, de parricido, de sicarus.). Legal procedure passes into hands of senators, riders and later - of erary(?) tribunes, i.e., mainly in hands of hierarchs and conductors. It results in appearance of a willed arbitrary rule in realization of official-law actions and an objective gradation of law with respect to individuals from different layers. Moreover, formation of a layer of dictate hierarchs (here, they are also conductors) results in multiplication of sources of laws, since laws come not only from the highest hierarchs. Edicts are produced by praetors, edils, counsels, tribunes, courts. An increase of suppression introspection creates dogmas of over social, over human law, of its predestine for socium. Formation of a dictate structure even at early stage of the process at division of quirites on honestiories and humiliories directly influences gradation of rights in front of court and gradation of punishments (114) (114 - A plebeian was not able to suit a highly positioned person for fraud (dolo malo), decurionis and the first persons of a town could not be sentenced to death or to exile without nomination of emperor and so on. Common people were punished by throwing them to animals, burning, castigation, nobles were punished much easier. Corporal punishments and tortures were applied only with respect to slaves and humiliores. Dictate and social prevailing of hierarchs including emperor are secured not only by traditional instruments of suppression but by an essence of law that in particular identified and associated a hierarch and his property with state, state property (or in other words, state and its interests with a person and interests of emperor). A complication and differentiation of law determined by a character, essence and evolution of dictate condition an appearance of a special sublayer of accompanyings, i.e., individuals grounding and treating law: law experts, legal advisers and juridical schools. A formation of dictate structure with its hedonistic basement determines legal duties of the suppressed (in particular, slaves) in securing of hedonistic wealth of hierarchs including their safety. Cilanian(?) senatus-consult issued by Augustus claimed that in a case of killing of an owner, all slaves being with him under the same roof or at a distance of call, i.e., who have had a possibility to help but did not come, were subject to torture and death. With growing intensity of suppression that is characteristic of every turn of evolution of dictate form, action of the Cilanian senatus-consul spread and included other categories of suppressed producers: little slaves, slaves of relatives living together with killed person, emancipated slaves. An evolving character of intensification of suppression is connected with shaping of state structure in a pyramid form. A decline of form corresponds either to an autocracy or, more rare, to an oligarchy. That fact is reflected in evolution of law that is gradually concentrated in hands of the highest hierarchs. To III c. it was prohibited to owners to execute, to put in gladiators, to put slaves for ever into ions, and so on. The function of legislative punishment was taken into hands of state represented by court fulfilling a realization of law, i.e., eventually an emperor, who concentrates in his hands military means, penitential system, legislative structures. The concentration growths and becomes radical at the Cesarean epoch and epoch of "soldiers' " emperors, i.e., at epoch of ethnical and state disintegration. Alienation of

court-legislative structures from will of hierarchs of dictate gradually decreases and becomes minimal as, for example, it happened under governing of Nero. A disintegration of dictate form with an immanent reduction of efficiency and with a growth of intensity of suppression makes law, legislation, courts, and so on, only obedient instruments of autocrat's will and of his accompanyings. Only those legislative norms and regulations are fulfilled that do not contradict to interests and will of autocrat, i.e., eventually to his hypertrophied hedonism. Nero, Caligyla, and others present bright examples of the statement. An arbitrary rule, a disdain of hierarchs to law at that epoch being reflected in structures of I of the suppressed induces a reaction extremely negative to dictate that intensifies a reduction of governing. A uncrown of aureole of over-social pre-establishing, everlasting of law, an association of legislative horrors of implementations of governing such as: ever lasting chaos, and so on -- with will of hierarch and so with personification in him of negative repressive beginnings results in lowering of that aspect of the barrier of dogmas and purposes of super-I. Together with determination of I determined by the above mentioned essences, lowering of the barrier eases breaks through of hedonism of It of a sufficient power that is present among potential negative passionaries. In widening of continuum of that social essence connected with intensification of suppression and arbitrary rule, it leads to negative to dictate activations: criminals, riots, departure from loyal activity. Many thinkers starting from antique period, for example, Pomponius in "(?)Enhiridion" have analyzed official evolution of law in Rome without accounting dictate-evolution determinations and connections with arbitrary rule. Some concretions of evolution of Rome law are presented below and an educated reader will easily compare them with a historical chronology and evolution of dictate in the ethnos (see chap.3). Law of Rome was shaped in a commune, than in struggle of patricians and plebes, in formation of magistrates and principarts(?). It was created as a law of civil commune and for a long time kept elements caused by introspective reasons although was affected by external influences (see above). An equality of civilians in front of law was changed by a differentiation of honestires -- humiliores. A categorical ban on enslaving of a Rome citizen was substituted for legislative acceptance of self-selling in slavery. The Earth law was also changed and a community control over it was substituted for a state control. Law as a whole responded to interests not of commune (socium) but of big hierarchs and at the end of evolution -- to interests of autocrat, i.e., from an instrument of increasing of efficiency of suppression it is converted in an instrument of an arbitrary rule. Of cause, a concrete law in China or Greece is different from the Rome law just as are different the processes of their evaluations. Ethnogenesis, biota, ethnic surrounding shape a peculiarity of concretions of dictate evolution and a respective concrete law, legal procedure and a character of arbitrary rule of hierarchs. When in Rome a written law starts from laws of XII tables, i.e., at epoch of commune, in China, for example, it has happened at epoch of Tsin (513 y. BC), i.e., at epoch of tzar power; the Lycurgus laws are different from the Nyma laws, and so on. It is as natural as differences in concrete historiography of dictate evolution caused by the same reasons plus by the strategic one -- by technology. However, the basement of the process of dictate evolution, its phases and so determinations of law are strategically the same and present invariable essences. History of China from the reign of Tsin to epoch of Ch’in (Shih Huang-ti, (?)Hyan Ydi, (?)Van Man and further) demonstrates the same dictate-determined essences of legislative evolution that have been analyzed above. A period from the first known written law (513 y. BC) to uprising of "Red brows" encompasses all phases and essences of law evolution that are characteristic for evolution of the Rome law. The same is true of other regions, ethnoses, epochs corresponding to logical, strategic evolution of dictate leaving along deadlock fluctuations of a type of extremist forms. Any law official and unofficial and a willed arbitrary rule (which are interconnected and interdependent essences) are in need of institutes of

fulfillment -- penitential system and organs of secret suppression. As official law and level of arbitrary rule so penitential system and the very essence of punishment are evolving all together and are determined by dictate evolution. Of cause, capital punishment, deprivation of life at all times and epochs has been the highest punishment since there is nothing more a person can be deprived of than life. Still, there are other punishments such as imprison, ostracism, castigation, material deprivations, and so on. These punishments are deprived of applied to them by later formations of dictate functions of re-education, social isolation, psychotype transformation, motivations and accidentals. A low level of development of structures and essences of super-I as a whole (excluding contradictate ones) conditions a domination in activations of psychotype structures, and an essence of punishment is aimed at creation of negative barriers against breaking through of It. It accounts for a presence among many nations a law connected with an adequate response, punishment such as: for killing -- death, for raping a woman -- raping a relative woman of the ravish or in the case of lack of such woman -- driving a black radish into anus of the ravish, for material damage -- payment of penalty, and so on. Yet, these forms of punishment are unstable and exist in sociums with weakly developed forms of dictate, i.e., at a low level of development of hierarchic dictate structure, since as shown above, law in its penitential aspect has a stable tendency of differentiation according to dictate-evolving determination. In other words, severity of punishments connected as with evolving growth of intensity of suppression so with differentiation of rights is conditioned by formation of dictate pyramid and is a causal product of dictate evolution as a whole, of its interests and interests of hierarchs. At epoch of appearance and blossoming of the considered form of dictate,, when motivations of self-assigning to dictate have a prevailing character and suppression has a maximum efficiency (temple-towns of the East: Sumer, Elam, Ur, Akkad, Babylon; early Rome, polises of Greece), ostracism, proscription, deprivation of civil rights was a punishment not less effective than deprivation of life. There could not be any imprisonment for the reason that a producer was ready to be a slave in temple-town that to be free outside of it, because an alienation almost for certain meant death. Besides that, a level of technology at the epoch is low and imprisonment implies a necessity of provision as a prisoner so a guard, i.e., a level of development of dictate-evolving determinant partly conditions an essence of penitential system directly without application of dictate. In other words, external determinants of dictate and its motivational foundation corresponding to a form and stage of evolution determine a character of punishment and an essence of its realization. The main factor accompanying evolution of dictate is a lowering of efficiency of suppression with a synchronous growth of intensity. In the form under consideration the process is manifested extremely visually and brightly. A radical stratification, formation of hierarchy in structures of socium (115) (115-- Imperial autocracy of caesars and soldiers' emperors are the most expressed pyramidal structure (analogy is Pharaohs, Inks)) results in an important consequence -- a division of official-legislative aspects and penitential system, i.e., a system claiming dogmas of law (restricting an arbitrary rule of dictate) and injected by accompanying layer in total structure of loyal determinants of super-I, and system realizing the law on a basis of functioning of layer of conductors and executors composing one of the highest layers of dictate hierarchy and due to it having a considerable subjective freedom of will and activity. Both of the factors: intensification of suppression (i.e., activity of conductors) and alienation of penitential system -- determine a single essence -- a transformation of penitential system into an autonomous powerful structure, which activity during evolution (with coming of epoch of obstruction and disintegration) more and more is determined and initiated directly by will of a hierarch (116) (116 -- The phenomenon has as well strategic character and determinants as dictate evolution itself and is historically confirmed at corresponding stages of evolution of all

sociums and everywhere.). Institutes of penitential system existed before of the epoch are added by structures directly fulfilling a willed arbitrary rule: secret services, spies, elite formations of conductors (personal cohorts of Sulla, praetorians, and so on). The transformation (to one or another degree determined by a stage of dictate evolution) of penitential system from a component of legislative structures of state into a mean of will and arbitrary rule of hierarchs deprives the system of an aureole of just punishment, common weal, instrument of social harmony and gives it properties of alien (to producers) negative force of suppression. Lowering of introspective component of functioning of penitential system inevitably entails an increase of connected with it external, physical component -- a punishing side of penitential system. Burning alive, castigation, cutting heads, torture become at cesarean epoch by a norm not only a single will of a hierarch but of the whole penitential system. A public devour of convicted by wild animals at times of Sulla does not look more humanitarian than a swimming pool with moorenours(?) of Caligyla. This consequence of evolution of penitential system -- changing of ratio of introspective and physical component -- speeds up a process of dictate disintegration due to intensification of negative--dictate motivational determinants in a whole continuum of social introspection. Crimes, riots, alienation of interests of suppression structures from interests of dictate and other social phenomena of the same kind negative to dictate are intensified, in particular, by the character of evolution of penitential system. At some level of intensity of suppression and alienation of penitential system from legislative structures, the system becomes a self-containing essence with own teleology of existence and functioning opposing to dictate interests in structure, where it existed. It results, as was shown in the previous chapters, in conversion of conductors into hierarchs. Soldiers' emperors, Mameluk's sultans, gray caftans of mazdakism, and some examples of nowadays show that penitential system is an immanent and strategic feature of the process of dictate evolution; from one side it demonstrates an adequate causality of law evolution respective to dictate, from the other side, it is as a sign, reagent showing a presence of extreme suppression in socium. Let us consider another form of dictate that chronologically follows the introspective-physical one, -- an imposed-introspective and its concrete stage that is used to be called by absolutism (117) (117 -- All intermediate forms and formations of dictate with causally determined by them forms of law are skipped here as the work and the chapter are devoted to an analysis of strategic dictate essences but not of concretions.). That stage of dictate evolution is present in all regions in respective chronological epochs: kings and emperors of Europe, tzars of Russia, emperors of China, Maya, Inca, kogans(?) of Mongolians, shoguns of Japan, Zulu's king, and so on -- all these labels in spite of external differences of carriers and concretions of socium represent the same dictate essence (118) (118 -- See chap.2) and so , a stereotype of law's essence (but not form), penitential system, arbitrary rule. This form of dictate includes in its structure such immanent components as: hierarch (he is also the highest law maker, penitentiary and the summit of bureaucracy of executors), official legislative structures with quit various names in different regions, a developed bureaucratic system of conducting a suppression (119) (119 -- Since absolutism is a form of autocracy, it carries all its peculiarities. Bureaucracy in conducting interests of hierarch (i.e., bureaucracy of a layer of conductors) is one of them.), powerful ideological systems as well of state as religious-ontological, and a loyal creative activity of accompanyings; the latter at epoch under consideration already have a significant weight in a whole continuum of ideological basement of state. A combination, a functional conglomerate of these social-dictate components, their interaction and mutual influence being a characteristic of a given stage of dictate evolution determine an essence and a form of the legislative aspects

discussed above: official law, penitential system, arbitrary rule. Inclusion in the structure of suppression of significant introspective components connected with imposition, faith (the faith that is based on a mystic -ontological foundation and operates with essences of a global-human kind), determines the fact that these essences are also transferred on legislative aspects, structures as on realities of a formed suppression. Due to it, both a hierarch as the highest lawmaker and a penitentiary acquire an associated status of a personified, dissented to earth, embodied in human cover mystic principle. Of cause, all of these is invested in consciousness and accepted only by the suppressed -- by producers separated from hierarch since the rest layers coming in contacts with him hardly could be effectively injected. Given by God, God's anoiting, God's vicegerent -- these are the ideological dogmas that are injected in consciousness of the suppressed by ideology of the form also by ministers of mystic cults (120)(120 -- Sun of heavens, God's anointing, vicegerent of Christ, and so on -- are the labels assumed by hierarchs of dictate in various regions.). "God in heavens -- tzar on the Earth". It adds to hierarch's activations including legislative, penitential, willed a character of associative manifestations of the highest, over human will, divine-mystical realities in socium. From the other side, personification of negative aspects of suppression that are characteristic of autocracy of any form (being a reason of its inefficiency), reducing both an efficiency of suppression and acceptance, application by the suppressed of legislative norms, dictates a necessity of inclusion in a structure of state power (dictate) of legislative institutes. They have not only to realize a will of hierarch in concrete law and penitential acts but also to segregate concretions of legislative suppression from hierarch -- at least in consciousness of the suppressed; it lowers an influence of the reducing factors mentioned above. However, official legislation here is fulfilled by persons, individuals from other dictate layers -- not by hierarchs, i.e., by people having a different stereotype of psycho genotype, different structures of motivational dominants. Under some subjective conditions such as: decline of absolutism, low level of personal qualities of hierarchs, combination of external perturbations -- a level of determination of law by these law-makers increases and it becomes a result of activity of various forces acquiring double, eclectic nature. The law becomes a manifestation, a concretion of the two trends: of a hierarch's will striving to absolute arbitrary rule and despotism and a will of official law-makers having egoistic motivations and desire to restrict arbitrary rule of hierarch at least with respect to themselves and alike, i.e., to individuals of their layer. At a stage of absolutism, this hidden striving rare comes into realities of law that antagonizes, opposes itself to interests of suppression of hierarch-autocrat. "Queen reins but does not govern" -- the motto is not valid at that epoch. King both reins and governs and a buffer structure of official law-makers is only a screen of hierarch's will. Examples are presented by General state, British parliament of epoch before Karl I, Spanish courtesies, and so on. It results in the situation, when law becomes a product of subjective will of hierarch or, in other words, motivational determinants and all structures of activational determinants of hierarch determine both a character of law and a level of arbitrary rule. There are many confirmations to the statement in history of China and Russia (Ivan the Terrible, Peter the First), France (Lettre de cachet), Turkey, and so on. So, an existence of official legislation in a whole structure of dictate -- the motivational buffer and screen (irrespective of name -- whether parliament, Duma, divine, Cortes, and so on) represents an extremely thin shield against a direct legislative arbitrary rule and a transition to trivial despotism with all its shortcomings. It is eased by the fact that hierarch-autocrat is also a supreme penitentiary having concentrated in his hands military, executive force and leadership of penitential system, i.e., under necessity, whether dictate's or subjective, with respect to an individual or a group of individuals or a whole

layer penitential measures can be applied without participation of legislative structures. Well-known Lettre de cachet is a bright example. The considered motivation buffer -- official legislative structures, being a strategic feature of dictate-determined law, in further evolution of dictate acquires a primer importance. We have to understand the peculiarities that convert the simple equipment, a trick of dictate into such effective mean of injection of a loyal-dictate law into consciousness of the suppressed (121) (121-- All the latest history of industrial developed countries with their parliament systems and legislative governing represents an argument in favor of the statement.). The first cardinal feature -- is an application, assuming by these legislative structures of a mask of common social, public that in turn causally determines an association with these structures of categories of common weal, protection of interests of majority and materialization in legislative norms of collective interests, and so on. These structures are created officially of individuals of various layers but in reality these individuals due to their functional teleology in dictate structure are alienated from their layers and are included in a layer of conductors. Eventually, these legislative functions turn to be only a small brick in a gigantic bureaucratic apparatus of suppression always connected with presence in socium of an autocratic or oligarchic form of dictate. Still, that side is hidden and for contemplation of the suppressed, for external decoration such aspects as electivity, collegiality of solution, democratism, and so on, are presented, i.e., the essences that were immanent to antique legislative structures of Greece and Rome at epochs of blossoming of republican system. The second aspect is an application to legislative actions of the structures a character of expression of a people's will , i.e., law, form of law and in essence an official process of suppression gets a status of people's will and is claimed on behalf of it. This mask on hierarch's will expression is a reason of a significant reduction of negative-dictate motivational determinants, conditioned by negative representation in consciousness of categories and concretions of dictate due to reflection in I of actions of suppression that are always antagonistic to the essence of hedonistic subconsciousness. Presence of a bureaucratic, many staged apparatus of official law, penitential structures and structures of conduction of suppression result in the situation, when there is no personified source of evil of suppression (in eyes of the suppressed) in hierarch (122) (122 -- Namely personification of negative aspects of suppression in hierarch was a powerful factor of forming negative-dictate tendencies and due to it an instability of dictate form, for example, of a despotism.). The source of negative aspects is dissipated; hierarchs and dictate structure partly acquires features of social weal and a role of lighting-rod played here by structures of official law and bureaucracy of conductors. Bright examples are presented by events of 1905 y. in Russia, revolt of Watt Taller, and so on -- against suppression but not against tzar, king. The third functioning aspect of official law structures -- is a generation of illusion of a universal social action, universal-social responsibility to legislative norms of all individuals and injection of the idea into consciousness of the suppressed. In front of law, all are equal -- this demagogic formula is a characteristic of all dictate forms having alienated from hierarch, autonomous (at least, declared) legislative structures but with dictate evolution and strategic strengthening of positive-introspective suppression a meaning of the aspect is growing. That aspect is correlated with the first, since a law as a universal social category is directly connected with categories of social weal or good for majority. Official law declared to be alienated from dictate (i.e., eventually from dictate's interests) uses speculatively such ontological essences of being as justice, just retribution, and so on. However, it is left out of attention that official law instrument includes only exclusively negative, punishing actions, i.e., the same that have the structures providing suppression. As for positive

encouraging-hedonistic measures of stimulation of loyal activity, they are left exclusive to be a prerogative of hierarchs and the highest conductors, i.e., in essence, of individuals having a possibility of an arbitrary rule. These strategic features of official law clearly and directly show a dictate determination of its introspective basements, forms and concretions, a direct reflection of dictate's interests, of suppression in structures of official law providing a possibility of injection into consciousness of the suppressed the essences and dogmas that were discussed above. A further introspective formation of suppression determines a continuation of official law evolution (in correlation with an arbitrary rule) and penitential system. Evolution of law and accompanying aspects includes both a development and sometimes a hypertrophy of early appeared characteristic features (determined by introspective component of suppression) and an appearance of new features connected with evolutive transition of introspection of suppression at a new qualitatively and quantitatively (an expansive-intense) stage of evolution. The peculiarities and the new elements of introspection compared to the previous forms of dictate have been analyzed in chap.3. Peculiarities of the official law that are characteristic of introspectivephysical and imposed-introspective forms of dictate (123) (123 -- Here, the aspects of law are meant that are determined by namely imposed-introspective component of suppression.) during transition to a total-introspective dictate form become hypertrophied and are losing features of direct demagogy, of damping of negative motivations of the suppressed -- the features connected with direct determination of law by will of hierarch, by his interests, interests of dictate. A dissipation of hierarch layer, its formal amorphism (a characteristic of a developed state of the dictate form) is directly reflected in law that here represents a conglomerate of legislative norms, destined for a balance, compromise between interests of hierarchs of various sublayers of a plutocratic in its basement layer of hierarchs. A dissonance, antagonism of interests of various groups, layers, sublayers of hierarchs forces them to make partly objective the features of law (see above) that in previous forms have represented only demagogic, hypocritical essences destined for introspective-injected damping and deviation of negative motivations of the suppressed caused by concretions of suppression. A compromise between the interests forces hierarchs to make a law universal and total-social, since in opposite case a group of hierarchs might be victim of an arbitrary rule of others taking part in conduction of suppression; besides that, it would result in inheriting of all shortcomings immanent to the previous form reducing efficiency of suppression that is in principle unacceptable for the form professing and realizing a strategic introspective suppression. Due to the same reason -- to a presence of opposing hedonistic motivational activations of subgroups of the layer of hierarchs -- a collegial generation of legislative structures and dogmas are establishing in socium as well as a universal application of penitential structures with qualitative reduction of an arbitrary rule (124) (124-- It is an arbitrary rule of a subject, since the layer of hierarchs being dissipated in the form includes individuals with various psychotypes, i.e., with various motivation complexes.). A hidden realization of dictate-hierarchic prerogatives of hierarchs of the form based on plutocratic essences, i.e., on an immanent possibility to manipulate by functionaries of legislative and penitential systems using a continuum of appropriating material and other hedonistic wealth, determines a necessity to dictate, more exactly, to hierarchs, an immanence of layer gradation of these aspects of social being. A lack of pure declarative forms of the essences of official law gives in hands of hierarchs great advantages as it allows to represent a plutocratic gradation of these structures in a case of reveal, removing of the screen as a criminal deviation from declared legislative egalitarianism and in this way reinforces in consciousness of the suppressed injected positive-dictate, loyal-motivational dogmas and notions, connected with

law. A new feature of law determined by that dictate form is a presence in it the purposes oriented on an increase of the whole social economic efficiency often even at the expense of hierarchs' interests (125) (125 -- The expense takes place only at the first glance, it is short-living and local, since eventually an efficiency of suppression is a basement of well-being of hierarchs.). Dictate structure of the form is in need of production of such amount of hedonistic wealth that allows to satisfy not only hedonism of hierarchs but to pass a significant part of it for hedonistic compensation of a loyal activity of the suppressed. The production of big continuum of material and non-material wealth implies a motivational loyalty of producers-suppressed. The loyalty should include striving to increase skill, perfection of experiences, introduction in an activity structure some elements of creation. It can be in the case when an arbitrary rule of hierarchs, here -- plutocrats, is restricted by real, objective legislative norms, i.e., when dictate guarantees (to one or another degree) to producer a firm interconnection between a character and a quality of loyal activity and a level of hedonistic compensation. Law here envisages measures of legislative and other protection by the suppressed of a level of this interconnection, i.e., for the first time the structure of law includes notions directed on provision of stable (or progressing) economical, material and so, hedonistic rights of the suppressed and these guarantees are directly determined by the character of dictate. While pinching to some sense of particular, individual prerogatives of certain hierarchs in appropriation of hedonistic wealth, namely this legislative essence is a cardinal factor that secures a stability of the conscious-introspective form of dictate by stimulating positive-dictate determinants of motivations and activations. A necessity to reduce negative to dictate ideas, motivations, thoughts connected with the character of suppression of the form based on positivehedonistic foundation with a minimal external suppression directly determines a minimization of a spiritual, ideological dictate, since negative to dictate ideas and thoughts are generated most intensively under an increase of spiritual pressure (example is given by chronology of heresies in history of Christianity). That dictate necessity is a basement of ideological pluralism and a dictate tolerance to various acts of thinking fixed in basic legislative structures. A declaration of independence, constitution of the most logically evolving state formations is a direct argument in favor of the statement. Basic, ontological values of individual being such as freedom of thought, way of life and so on that are traditionally present in constitutions of developed countries are transformed from categories of just demagogues, hypocritically-camouflage into features of objective reality. A reason for that lies in the essence of suppression immanent to that dictate form based on a motivational self-inclusion in structure using positive-dictate motivations but not a negative compulsion. It is left to consider a character and forms of dictate determination of law in such specific forms of dictate as extremist and out-of-state. As any radical essences, these forms the most brightly and clear exhibit a connection of dictate, suppression and determined by them social and state aspects, it that case law. The statement is valid to the most extreme degree with respect to extremist form of dictate, since the form is chronologically invariant, its essence is little influenced by ethnic and other peculiarities of evolution of a certain socium, and concretions of suppression are manifested in the most bright, orthodox form (its analysis is presented in the previous chapters), it is characterized by suppression in a kind of negative-motivational influence of all aspects of being of an individual and a socium: mental, creative, industrial, personal, common, religious-mystical, and so on. As shown before, the character of suppression is completely negative and is directed on all structures of mind: I, super-I, It. Such forms of state formation as oligarchy and autocracy correspond to that form of dictate with an extreme type, without any limitations on power and arbitrary rule of hierarchs.

Regarding even these extremely generalized characteristics of the given dictate form, it becomes clear what kind of law it should have, when we use the basic statements of the treatises on the general determination by evolving dictate of all aspects of functioning socium. Historical facts confirm all extrapolated essences of law of extremism -- from Sicilian tyrannies, (?)Saudelers, mazdakism to the modern ones. Law of the form does not play even a role of motivational screen as in the case of absolutism. It is a direct applied expression of hierarch's will, i.e., of the essence, inefficiency of which was analyzed at the very beginning of the chapter. Any concrete necessity and actions of suppression are shaped immediately on a form of law and right. A cruelty of the legislative norms is directly proportional to the intensity of suppression and due to it has no analogous in history exceeding everything in volume and in nightmares of oppression. A demagogic application of a doctrine and particular aspects of egalitarianism to an ideological basement of the form has an immediate and direct reflection in the essence and in form of legislative structures, which is sure to assume the labels of will and weal of people. On behalf of people and for people's weal, Dionysios had exterminated thinkers, under the same banner mazdakits exterminated dissidents, the same essence is present in extremist formations of nowadays. Extremist form of governing always, at all epochs of its existence and in all sociums, where it has been, is realized as a bureaucratic autocracy with a structure conglomerated by orthodox and in principle intolerable ideology. The latter is always based on ideas that are extremely demagogic, primitive and speculative and due to it they need an external-legislative, legal and repressive support. It determines legislative norms and purposes directed on protection of a miserable ideology from mind's and creative encroachments. The protection is fulfilled in two ways: first, by production of corresponding legal norms prohibiting under various pretenses a disloyal, mental and creative activity and in any way stopping their import from outside and by stimulation of prostitutedcreative works of accompanyings and persons alienated from contradictate layer; second, by direct application of all structures and penitential apparatus, i.e., by direct application of physical suppression in all its aspects. Such legislative policy is fulfilled by quit various methods: by a legislative claim of uniqueness and firmness of a dictate form ideology; by inclusion in structure of legislation of acts protecting ideology from critics and reforms under fear of physical punishment and laws punishing import, propaganda and development of ideas from an external respective to a given socium world, and so on. None of any other forms of dictate is characterized (or is characterized to much less degree) by such renunciation, alienation of a penitential system of state from official legislative structures and by initiation of its activity exclusively by a will of hierarch-autocrat (126) (126 -- At some stage of evolution of the dictate form, the role of initiative beginning is spreading on less and less responsible executors -- conductors, accompanyings and a dogma and will of hierarch become a screen of their hedonistic egocentrism.). These all are a direct causal consequence of the essence of the dictate form, i.e., a bright example of evolving-dictate determination of law. There is another aspect also arguing and illustrating the statement. A necessity of injected-introspective justification of the cruelest external suppression inside the form, besides a hypertrophy of ideological apparatus (of accompanyings) leads to a development in the extreme degree that is unacceptable to any other form of dictate, --of secret penitentiary structures, i.e., structures fulfilling actions of suppression initiated by a will of hierarch (and by conductors) not only in alienated way from functioning law but in secrecy from other members of socium. A hypertrophy of these structures -- whether they are club-men of Dionysios, gray caftans of Mazdak, assistants of Fouquier-Tinville or Savonarola -- creates a situation, where they dominate absolutely over other structures of official law evolving (in correspondence with the essence of dictate determination) in a new autonomous structure of official law realizing a part of

its functions. An application to the structure of a status of a secret one and surrounding its activity by a barrier of silence with its hypertrophy immensely increases its influence on dictate functioning and on socium as a whole. At a phase of obscuration and disintegration of the form, from a substructure of official law it is converted into a self-containing, self-sufficient essence with its own teleology. As is true of other similar structures of direct suppression alienated from official law and initiated by directly autocrat or oligarchy (as, for example, praetorians), the analyzed structure alienates from interests of dictate and generates hierarchs itself. On the whole, official law of the form becomes only a concrete formation of particular, subjective necessities of suppression. Legislative acts here are deprived of an aureole of pre-establishment of common weal, inheritance of ethic and mental values of previous generations, and so on. Frequent variations of legislative norms result in an appearance in consciousness of the suppressed of reflected categories of a negative (127) (127 -- Of a negative essence directed on pinching of hedonism of the suppressed that are not compensated in super-I by essences, aspects of a legislative aureole.) subjectivity of these laws and a law as a whole associated directly with an autocrat, i.e., a law deprived of an aureole becomes a source of negative motivations oriented on an autocrat and further of the form of dictate on the whole. Such negativism is always one of the main reasons of a quick collapse of both state formations (concretions of a form) and a form of dictate. In the case under consideration, it takes place to the extreme degree and a short-living existence of that dictate form concretions is the most weighty confirmation of the above made statement. Another seems less important feature of an extremist dictate law, determined by it, is a varying treatment of even those miserable legislative norms that at least superficially restrict a willed arbitrary rule of suppression. The given form of dictate implies an extremely high level of suppression as for intensity, variations of methods and continuum of actions. The essence of the given form would come in antagonism with the fact of existence of legislative restrictions on an arbitrary rule of suppression, if a law at the form lacked a peculiarity that can be called an adaptive variation. It consists in the following. Autocrat (oligarchs, the highest conductors) assumes a legislative prerogative not only to generate legislative dogmas but to treat and activate (or freeze at needs) existing, accepted legislative norms. Laws are not an obstacle here for an arbitrary rule, since an executor can pay or not pay attention to them and give them a sense necessary at a concrete situation. The same aim, a realization of the feature of law is served by a concentration of all aspects of law: legislation, execution, court-procedure, surveillance, and so on -- in one hands and functionaries of these services are only the individuals that are motivationally co-participate in suppression: conductors, accompanyings, functionaries of ideology. The same feature is present at a significantly reduced form in law of other formations of autocratic and oligarchic kind but at extremist dictate it reaches an apogee. A stratified gradation of applicability of legislative norms, dogmas and concretions that is an indicator of introspective suppression at the considered form of dictate has the most orthodox character. In essence, a legislation that is here only an instrument of direct realization of subjective will of hierarchs, is an aspect of direct suppression of producers and at need -- an instrument, pretense, basis of a willed arbitrary rule respective to internal opponents, who are almost always pretenders for higher steps of dictate hierarchy. In other words, law is applied to persons only when hierarchs (or conductors) regard it necessary. So a universality and an integral sociality of law here is not more than a demagogy of propaganda, an attempt of a breaking, compulsory-introspective inculcation into consciousness of the suppressed an illusion of a common weal of dictate and so the law (128) (128 -- In some concretions of the form, even this phenomenon is absent, i.e., a gradation of law is presented as an immanent feature

of social being). This example of an aspect of law evolution in different forms of dictate allows to trace clearly a dictate determination of law that has a character of suppression and complimentary levels of positive and negativeintrospective components. A side of the mentioned aspect, which is very characteristic of extremist dictate forms, is an application of law and penitential structures directly to hierarchs as to domestic so to alien. In all other forms following a primitivephysical one at the most early stages of evolution, their hierarchs in complete correspondence to basic motivations and dictate's interests assumed an oversocial, over-human, over-law status. That status of not being subject to law and due to it a non-applicability of punishing actions with evolution of an introspective component of suppression not connected with reflections in I of realities of a physical repression (i.e., oriented on super-I and I) is valid in great majority of cases for hierarchs of domestic sociums and aliens. All of these takes place in spite of intensity of ethnic antagonisms caused by non-coherence of techno-genesis and ethno-genesis. The reason is extremely simple: an execution of hierarch of a subjugated socium being reflected in I of members of own socium results in reduction of an over-social aureole assumed by hierarchs of dominated socium. Without dire necessity, hierarchs do not subject to execution of the persons similar to themselves (129) (129 -- The statement is completely invalid of extremist formations); at least openly, with proclaimed tendency of influence upon consciousness of the suppressed. Parthia and Persia, Rome and opposing Greece and Persia of antique, history of medieval Europe, history of Turkish expansion, and so on -- any of these examples of ethic and state antagonism confirms the above mentioned thesis. In spite of an ethno genetic determination of periodicity of dictate evolution, that essence is strengthening in correspondence with technologically determined evolution of dictate introspective formation. The total introspective formations of dictate of nowadays history demonstrate to the supreme degree a presence of that legislative essence, when the layer of hierarchs becomes cosmopolitan and is not destroyed even in periods of state and ethnic collisions. Extremist form of dictate -- is an out-of--evolution, chronologically invariable deadlock of evolution that is weakly influenced by strategic laws of dictate evolution. Namely due to it, hierarchs of the form completely reject the essence of law. A change of hierarchs, an appearance of new ones is always accompanied by an extermination of the previous. The action is accompanied by application to the latter of all negative common-humane features, a deviation from basic norms, a high treason of socium interests. A rather often change of hierarchs results in the situation, when legislative immunity, more exactly, an aureole assumed by hierarchs annihilates and there is a person obliged to respect the same laws and norms as the suppressed. We have here a direct antagonism because hierarch does not want, cannot and should not profess the same moral, ideology, law as the suppressed due to immanent to him a dictate-structural teleology and a layer stereotype of psychotype. It also influences instability and inefficiency of the given dictate form. Besides state formations -- concretions of the general category of dictate, there are out-of-state dictate forms having peculiarities of law features determined namely by a specific of these dictate forms in their evolution. These forms include: religious conglomerations from global religions such as Zoroastrianusm, Buddhism, Christianity, Islam to religious sects of all possible kinds; ideological conglomerates: parties, societies, and so on; negative-dictate structures: gangs, criminal societies of a type of Chinese triads or Sicilian Mafia and a couple family as a minimal-continual form of dictate having all characteristic features of dictate. All similar social conglomerations of individuals exhibit a full complex of features immanent to dictate: motivational and behavior self-assigning, a functional and hedonistic hierarchy, a stratification -- according to gradation of

psycho genotype, to presence of suppression. Irrespective of evolution duration of the forms lasting from a life of a generation to several thousand years, they demonstrate in their evolution all phases immanent to dictate evolution in general and to state formations in particular. The most long-living form -- a religious one, is an example of dictate evolution of a refined kind, although its motivational determinant of self-assigning is not a functional cooperation aimed on solution of vital tasks of withstanding against external perturbations as in the case of state-ethnic sociums but an ideology-mystical combination of dogmas. Besides that, religious, mystical basis of motivational self-assigning is only an external side of people's conglomeration, who in essence are united for opposing either external sociums or groups inside own socium (subsociums) or objective external perturbations of an arbitrary nature. Different mystic basis in religion concretions does not play here any role. Evolution of a religion passes the same stages and is characterized by the same aspects that the evolution of state formations. They all appear on a positivemotivational basement with an immanent high efficiency of suppression, evolve according to strategic determinants (130) (130 -- The essence of these determinants here is different from the state-social ones (ethno genetic and technological). The latter include those being considered here,-- as directly so indirectly through other social essences but the main component is a conglomerate of ideas -- ontological, existential, an interaction of which with mind structures determines the evolution.), have a principle tendency of a reduction of suppression efficiency and a growth of intensity of suppression. At a stage of appearance, religions of a global character have so high immanent efficiency of suppression, i.e., a positive-motivational involvement (131) (131-- Examples of mass religion selflessness and voluntary martyrdom, renunciations from strategic hedonism of It are present in all religions at early stages of evolution.) that a level of external, negative suppression is extremely low; in such religions as, for example, Christianity at a stage of appearance, it is completely absent. Dictate evolution with its immanent laws determines a social (here, dictatereligious, taking into account that religion in our analysis is not an ideological-mystical essence but a social conglomerate) necessity of intensification of external suppression that leads to an appearance and hypertrophy as their own institutes of suppression (inquisition, synods, courts of Sharia, and so on) so a usage of traditional state structures of suppression; besides that, religious dogmas and institutes are included both in an ideological basement of state and in structures of an accompanying layer. The appearance of their own, specific structures of suppression determines a specificity of law that is characteristic of religious dictate. The specificity of own institutes of suppression of religious forms of dictate consists in the fact that officially they are not directed at a protection of hierarchs' and suppression layers' interests but only at protection of direct religious doctrines, institutes, ideas from external perturbations: ideological, doctrinal, material (of an arbitrary nature). As religious dictate is completely based on acceptance (by structures of super-I of individuals) of ideas and dogmas of a given concrete religion so law is oriented at a protection of namely these essences. Yet, objective consideration of evolution of global religious forms such as Christianity or Islam shows that starting from a phase of blossoming an ideological-mystical basis is transformed only into an ideological basement of out-of-state forms of dictate, i.e., only in a screen of hierarchs' hedonism (with respect to the suppressed, whose sincere believe in dogmas takes place also in state forms). In other words, a legislative protection of dogmas and ideas, in essence, protects the same thing as a state law -- interests of dictate but namely specificity of suppression orientation determines a law of a religious dictate. The basic features of a religion determining stability of that form of dictate are: mystical transcendentalism of dogmatic essences, orthodox doctrine, metaphysics, inaccessibility to rational analysis, scholasticism, social-reflected hierarchy, a necessary presence among the highest adepts of mystical

personifications, reflectively-associated with mystical will of religious hierarch, basing on objective ethnical values of people, and so on (132) (132-- An educated reader can prolong the row of characteristic features of the ideology using Christianity as an example). Even the first analysis of these sides of ideology leads us to a logical conclusion on their principle similarity with characteristic features of state dictate forms. As in the case of state dictate forms, under corresponding objective external and evolutive-dictate determinations they acquire a character of an extremist form (medieval Christianity, Ismailian, Orthodox sects, and so on). Moreover, when such religious form is combined with a state and gets a possibility of external suppression that is immanent to state dictate, it is a foretelling of a coming extremism. The combination of the forms, of course, should be an organic one but not an eclectic symbiosis, i.e., when religion becomes an organic basement of state (Mazdakism, Islam, ismailian, and so on). The features of ideological basement mentioned above are an aspect of a basic protected by law essence and directly determine a gist of law. An orthodoxy of dogmatism and scholasticism give rise to legislative norms that reject any deformations of a doctrine and to penitential structures fulfilling this legislative rejection: synods, ecclesiastical court, inquisition, militant orders. Legislative norms here directly determine inviolability, invariance and being nonsubject to analysis of religious dogmas; any attempts to reform the basic dogmas are subject to a legislative punishment. If at early stages of evolution of religious form of dictate, the punishment for an attempt of reformation was an alienation of individual from religion, then in further the punishing functions more and more became a prerogative of penitential system and acquire a character of external suppression, i.e., a general evolution of law was the same as in the case of a state form of dictate. Ideological conglomerates of individuals: unions, parties, and so on, having an aim of functional opposition to arbitrary external perturbations, demonstrate the same dictate determinations of law and accompanying systems as any other forms of dictate (religious, in particular) as they have a very similar essence. They all are based not on a hedonism of the suppressed as state dictate but on structures of super-I, on its ontological, astral-human essences of individual's being, on his existence. Some words should be said about a dictate determination of law in a specific case -- for conglomerates of negative passionaries. It encompasses all their kinds: form antique pirates and triad of China to nowadays criminal syndicates. A unification of negative passionaries takes place on a basis of interconnection of their psychotype and teleology of a conglomerate. The criminal union is in need of a kind of law, since in the opposite case a militant autocracy of the union, which is necessary for a permanent antagonism with state, will inevitably lead to an absolute arbitrary rule of autocrats, to their appropriation of all hedonistic wealth representing the aim of an individual incoming into union. When a law in the unions is not shaped or has a form of a non-written law of external prevailing (133) (133 -- Primitive criminal gangs, bands.), there is an antagonism between hedonism of individuals-members and external (reflected in I) influence of autocrat that according to psychotype of individuals of the layer leads to a quick collapse of the union. There are opposite examples -- criminal unions having an orthodox universal law: Chines triads, Sicilian Mafia, and so on -- they demonstrate a prolonged existence that is comparable with a period of existence of state forms. A lack of a written law and securing structures make necessary its basing on essences of a common human ethical kind (used, of course, for concrete purposes of the form) and essences determined by hedonism. They include categories of ethical teleology of a conglomerate of negative passionaries, faithfulness to clan that provide with wealth and protection, selflessness in the name of clan, and so on, i.e., the essences lying in the basement of state ideology and law. It takes place in spite a permanent antagonism of these dictate forms. In other words, it is an additional confirmation of a universal nature of dictate and of

the fact that it determines (in evolution) all aspects of socium. An unwritten law and a centralization of hierarchy structure imply a universal and all-union acceptance of a law not only as an aspect of structure but as ethic-moral determinant of super-I by all members of a negative-dictate conglomerate, since in the opposite case there is a physical arbitrary rule of hierarch that just in the case of state form leads to instability and quick disintegration of the conglomerate. It happens in small bands and robbery gangs. An opposite situation takes place in Chinese triads and Mafia. As the next (and the last) example of dictate determination of law, we will consider and analyze a family. Family represents a minimal socium having all characteristic features: teleology, vital tasks of surviving and reproductions, withstanding against external perturbations, dictate, and so an internal law (134) (134 -- Of course, we are not talking about family's law as a part of state law, although the latter influences the internal law of family.). As in the case of state law, a partly determined by it (indirect dictate determination) internal law of family is determined by an essence of dictate, i.e., here by a character of functional subordination and differentiation of hedonistic rights among members of family. Law, more exactly, concretions of law are determined as by a declared structure of dictate in family so by a correspondence to dictate of psychotypes of individuals composing it, a correspondence objective and teleological. Let us take, as examples: matriarchy, (?)pynayla, coupled-patriarchal family. A hierarchic domination of woman contradicting to the structure of her psychotype results in the situation when an evolution if not a regress is coming extremely slowly, a socium represents an example of an unstable to external perturbations dictate with a corresponding hypertrophy of all nightmares of external suppression. History presents many examples confirming the statement (135) (135 -- Points of view on the essence (Engels. "Appearance of family, privet property and state") arguing its evolution by economical reasons have the same shortcomings that are present in the analysis of other aspects of socium.). A group marriage leveling dictate relationships and being a concretion of social egalitarianism also presents an unstable structure and exists only in ethnoses, where an external repression has a low level and deformation of the form due to it is negligible (for example, Hawaii). Coupled marriage (and polygamy) under conditions of male domination represents a logical social essence with an adequate correspondence of teleology of dictate (here, in family) and psychotypes of individuals composing it, with correspondent development, evolution of the dictate form meeting strategic laws. Law in these family forms corresponds to a dictate character. When in the case of matriarchy dictate acquires features of orthodox physical suppression of an extreme kind that is a consequence of non-adequacy of an essence of dictate and psychotypes of individuals composing its hierarchy, then law here acquires all features corresponding to the form (see above). It includes a lack of introspective, positive-hedonistic components, extreme level of arbitrary rule, differentiation of legislative norms regulating in particular potentials of hedonism, and so on. Group marriage, that immanently applies to individuals of both sexes the egalitarian family's and sexual rights, carries all the drawbacks of an orthodox social egalitarianism as a category and social essence; an amorphism of dictate hierarchy and a lack of expedient directionality of legislative protection, legislative teleology lead to an amorphism of law and penitents acquiring features of sporadic social actions. Coupled or polygamy patriarchal marriage due to an adequacy of dictate teleology and psychotypes of individuals composing it and due to a formed hierarchy of functional and hedonistic kinds, determine a presence of a shaped law corresponding to a given form of dictate and protecting interests of a certain hierarch. Due to the reasons mentioned above, it has an introspective basement, positive-hedonistic essences, objective teleology, comparatively high universality and often adjoins a state law as a whole. In distinction from matriarchy leveling the main feature of dictate --

motivational self-assigning of the suppressed, a patriarchal marriage realizes the essence on a basis of positive hedonism of a high level providing woman and children with food, shelter, protection from external influences, and so on. The essence determines an introspective accessibility of rightful norms namely by the suppressed that is a basis of stability of a law of the form. A concrete law of family form of dictate at a concrete period in a concrete ethnos has specific features determined by peculiarities of dictate evolution, ethnogenesis, and so on. It is out of the scope of present work to make a concrete analysis of family law in all existed forms of marriage but a skillful reader applying the suggested theory can analyze the concretion he is interested in. The presented analysis gives an additional confirmation of a totality of the global social dictate determination of law. Particular conclusions A correspondence of law and a form of dictate its determining has been analyzed and argued above. During evolution of each form, at least at the passed epochs of pre-civilization and civilization, dictate has come through phases having characteristic features of a strategic plan that is independent of forms, chronology as shown in the previous chapters. Dictate in cyclic development of epoch of civilization passes the phases of appearance, activation, blossoming, expansion, obscuration, disintegration (or decline, a slow disintegration). At each phase, law has corresponding realities. At phases of appearance, blossoming and obscuration as the most characteristic ones, law demonstrates basic essences of evolving dictate. An appearance of dictate form corresponds to a high level of motivational self-assigning, the most efficient introspection of suppression, and, naturally, a law level of external suppression, unification of vital motivations, i.e., a conformity is universal for all layers of dictate and socium. These dictate features determine an introspective-hedonistic positive form of reflection in I of legislative dogmas and norms, universal acceptability of law, orientation on an introspective basis of law but not on a fixed written law and penitential system, direct interconnection in consciousness of ideology and legislative norms, and so on. A brief numbering of these features reveals their direct causal connection with evolving dictate at that stage. At a phase of blossoming, there is a dictate expansion of shaped layers of suppression and accompanying, alienation of hierarchs' interests from interests of socium, differentiation of hedonistic wealth, moral, ethics, ideology, extensive and intensive growth of external suppression and of out-of-law secret structures of suppression. Law as a whole and in particularities changes respectively to these sides of dictate essences determining it . Law is deformed in a causal dependence of stratified shaping of dictate, acquires a teleological orientation on interests of hierarch and the highest layers. Ideology, ethics and moral reflecting at the stage of evolution concrete-temporal interests of suppression are tied closely with ideological basement of law, moreover , they are directly reflected in legislative structures, norms, dogmas. An alienation of law from an integral-dictate teleology and a reorientation on interests of hierarchs results in reduction of a weight of introspective basis and in a causal appearance of structures of out-of-law penitence directly realizing a will of hierarch. In other words, along with law there is an appearance of socially-acceptable arbitrary rule and structures of its concrete formation. At the third phase -- of obscuration and disintegration -- there is an obvious sharp reduction of introspective component of suppression, efficiency of suppression, a complete alienation of hierarch's interests from interests of dictate, an antagonism of motivations of suppression and dictate as a whole, intensification of external suppression and arbitrary rule; these basic features of the given phase of dictate are directly reflected in an essence of law. The most bright examples here leaving along concretions are the law in Rome at Cesarean epochs and at epochs of "soldiers' emperors". So, as the other elements of functioning socium considered in the previous sections, law in its essence and concretions is also a causal product and

reflection of dictate evolution, a dependent aspect of functioning suppression. Chapter 6 Dictate and war From the first skirmishes with stone axes at epoch of man appearance to gigantic massacres of the XX c., war is a permanent and necessary feature of social life. Big and comparatively small wars lasting one-day or Hundred years, internal and external have taken place and are going continuously during the whole history of mankind. According to the presented here theory, regarding dictate in evolution as a general determinant of varying human socium, we should reveal a causal interconnection of these categories that is determined by dictate essence and is based on psycho motivational potentials and activations of individuals of a stratified hierarchy of socium. Since a war never starts according to initiative of the lowest, suppressed layers of hierarchy, the question arises: Why is war necessary to hierarchs and to what extent is this necessity objective? This problem irrespective of dictate (as a category and an objective-social essence) has attracted many minds and has been considered using as a basis of various hypotheses and theories of a psychological pre-inclination, a necessity of common economy, an immanence of interstate relations as a whole, and so on. None of these theories (Plato, Marx, Clausewitz, and others) does account for anything, gives an answer to the following questions: why do wars take place at all, why the suppressed go to death, why do wars take place at the very given moment and are initiated by namely this state, ethnos. The list of questions can be prolonged but the essence is clear. An analysis of categories that condition an appearance and evolution of wars in these theories shows that they lack the most important quality -- of being socially general, universal and they respectively have a low level of extrapolating power of social future, here, of war. As this work shows, the basic structure of evolution is dictate that determines all aspects of socium individuals; partly, it has been illustrated by examples in the previous sections. Let us consider this determination in analyzing reasons and essence of war and militant structures in society. The fundamental aspects determining presence and evolution of dictate are: differentiation of psychotypes of individuals according to their layer teleology; presence of external influences on socium (natural, ethnogenetic) and of internal (technology); stratified gradation of interests and possibilities and functional duties. These essences, being refracted in consciousness of people and getting a concrete implementation in activity indirectly through mind of individuals and socium, represent the determinants of history. Let us scrutinize the determination using wars as an example. As was told, none of wars have been started by initiation of suppressed layers of socium. Teleology and essence of psychotype of individuals of the layers suppose a subordination and alienation from their own will with profession of a conscious and behavior conformism. A slaughter accompanying spontaneous riots is not a war in full sense but only an accidental break through of subconscious hedonism. Internal (civil) wars with a declared difference from external wars have in their essence no difference, since they are a result of collisions either groups of hierarchs or hierarchs and pretenders at the place in the case of organized riots and revolutions. The only difference is in ethnic origin of hierarchs of opposing sides. A reason of war in its essence can be found in analysis of the results, which hierarchs of opposing sides are going to reach at the beginning of war. Let us start from internal wars. Irrespective of names of opponents: Artaxerxes and Cyrus Junior, emperors (?)Bi-Shi and (?)Van-Man, Caesar and Antony, Commune and Thiers -- the essence is in a supposed result, namely, in a transformation of structure of dictate hierarchy to occupy in it the places in layers with maximum hedonistic possibilities and to seize an additional hedonistic wealth. A leader of opposing group wants to occupy a place of hierarch, generals

dream about places near him, and so on. War eases a hierarchy formation as it makes necessary a structural organization of socium in a military manner, i.e., in a bureaucratic autocracy with supreme leader as a head. Quit often, internal wars suppose a change not of structure of dictate (even in revolution) but only hierarchs, conductors and the suppressed. There are more than enough examples in history of all ethnoses. A characteristic peculiarity of internal war is an extermination by all opposing sides of contradictate passionaries. It will be clear, if we account for that teleology of the layer includes a necessity of deformation of ideological continuum of socium but internal war due to a lack of ethnic motives has to be based on a primitive-ideological proving of its necessity injected in consciousness of the suppressed in hypostasis of courageous soldiers. Especially, it takes place, when there are pretenders at a place of hierarchs (1) (1 -- In that case, a foundation of war is various ideological transformations of a repressed hedonism of the suppressed under a mask of egalitarianism, common weal, and so on.), since opposing groups of hierarchs of a previous form to less degree rest on an ideology but more on a sublimated hedonism of their supporters. So internal wars have their aim, a supposed result in a replacement of hierarchy of dictate, i.e., a formation of its highest layers from a number of leaders of a winning group. External wars have more variable aims: ethnogenetic, capture of wealth necessary to hierarchs, extermination of an alien ideology, and so on. It is possible to subject to analysis all thinkable variations of wars and show that all of them eventually are a result of initiation of hierarchs and the highest conductors. Let us scrutinize wars connected with an ethnogenetic expansion from the points of view of aggressive and defending ethnoses. A thorough analysis of reasons and essence of wars connected with ethical expansion has been given by L.Gumilev. Here, we will give the main theses and analyze a connection with dictate. A phase of ethnogenesis called by Gumilev as "overheating of passionarity" precedes to expansion and is characterized by a sharp increase of portion and influence of passionary individuals in a summary continuum of socium and in social activity. There is an obstacle hindering a complete understanding of a profound thought of L.Gumilev connected in particular with a basic introduced essence -- passionarity that represents a speculative structure. Here, it has the same treatment as in chap.2, i.e., the above mentioned characteristic of a phase of ethnogenesis means that there is at this phase in continuum of socium a comparatively big contingent of individuals sufficient for initiation of the other part of the suppressed and having a psychotype different from a conform stereotype of the suppressed layer. The difference mainly consists in a high level of hedonistic determinants of potentials and activations of mind and a low level of determinants (prohibiting barriers) connected with I and super-I. Presence of a sufficiently great continuum of individuals of that type connected with objective laws of ethnogenesis and a phase of ethnic blossoming puts in front of dictate several problems. Quite clear that individuals of the group at a presence of external repression are very soon invested in a layer of negative passionaries; due to a significance of their contingent, it will soon result in disintegration of the dictate form. From the other side, dictate lacks abilities to satisfy their hedonism (even at the last stages of technology evolution) -- also due to the significance of their contingent. Having in these (who are undoubtedly necessary for prosperity of ethnos and dictate) individuals potential enemies, dictate resorts to a trick of external inversion of passionarity, i.e., using a high level of ethnic dominants of consciousness that is characteristic of the phase and connected with motivation self-assigning, dictate finds external ethnic enemies of domestic ethnos (both objective and farfetched) and changes a direction of passionarity, i.e., redirects motivational activations of these individuals on a conquest of wealth of alien ethnoses. In its action, dictate is helped by another objective essence connected with

motivational determinations of passionaries, namely that for them an ethnic expansion means a possibility of satisfaction of hedonistic motivations, which are dominant for their psychotype: seize of material wealth, career, investment in the highest layers of hierarchy, and so on up to a primitive sex. In this unification, we have the essence and motivational basis of hoplits of Alexander, legionnaires of Rome (at epoch of conquests), conquistadors, cossacks of Yermak, soldiers of colonial army of Britain XVII- XIX cc., and so on. The accompanying aspects of expansion: material seizes, redivision of territory, dictate replacements -- while looking as superficially important, are secondary products of the above mentioned basic determinant that conditions a necessity and a concretion of wars for an expansive socium. It is opposed by an ethnos subject to aggression. What may be the results of war for it? The answer to the question has, of course, a layer-differentiated character that depends on a phase of dictate evolution. For hierarchs and conductors, a defeat means a loose or a cardinal reduction of hedonistic possibilities, for the suppressed it is only a change of yoke, for contradictate passionaries it is indifferent as they are repressed by any dictate. In distinction from the highest dictate layers, at phases of law dictate and ethnic passionarity (which are comparatively synchronous at epoch of civilization) the suppressed to one or another degree consciously profess at times of ethnic collisions a motto of Roman plebes of an epoch of decline: "Abe bene, ibi patria". For the highest dictate layers in spite a possibility of defeat, war is also desired (2) (2-- In opposite case, wars would be substituted for diplomacy), since objective laws of dictate evolution (see the previous chapters) necessitate an intensification and extensification of external suppression, for what is necessary to have a hierarchic apparatus of bureaucracy, which summit and a logical end are a militant autocracy. Strategic motivations of hierarchs follow the same tendency with their immanent striving for intensification of personal power of autocracy (connected with the maximum level of alienation of hedonistic wealth), the most straight way to which is a militant structure formation and a consolidation of socium facing an aggression of external ethnos. In other words, from a defending ethnos's side, war becomes also a dictate necessity and is determined by the essence of dictate evolution (3) (3 -- Motivations of the highest conductors: militaries, secret services, and so on, being adequate to motivations of hierarchs respective to wars, are secondary but sufficiently important determinants). These phases of dictate evolution are taken not occasionally, since namely at the phases of expansion, obscuration and disintegration dictate has an organic necessity to unleash wars under any pretense (4) (4-- It is necessary to mention here that motivations and needs of hierarchs at these phases of dictate evolution to great extent are similar -- it is a necessity " to blow off steam" in both cases but the reasons are different.). Peculiarities of other phases of dictate evolution, for example of an appearance or blossoming ones including objective and introspective-individual peculiarities, do not determine a presence of militant structures and wars. The presented argumentation is a particular confirmation of the universal-social generality of the category of dictate. Here, ethnic, external motivations are only a screen of dictate's interests and its introspective-motivation instrument for initiation and direction of necessary motivations. An indirect confirmation of dictate determination of ethnic (according to mask) wars is the relations of hierarchs of opposing ethnoses. Starting from a certain level of technology evolution (and of dictate, respectively) hierarchs exterminate each other only by a way of exception. Mostly, a defeat or victory results only in a decrease or increase of hedonistic possibilities of hierarchs and starting from a certain level of evolution -- in an amicable agreement on redivision of possibilities. An example is given by wars in Europe for the last 200 years. Wars caused by economical needs of a concrete dictate form (5) (5 -For example, a lack in area of socium's inhabitancy of some useful minerals, products, and so on, and inability to obtain them in other way than by a military

capture.) has so clear direct dictate determination that there is no necessity to analyze them. Let us consider wars connected with ideological differences that is especially characteristic of extremist forms including religious wars of an epoch of reduction of religious-introspective influence and of a conjunction with state dictate. Islam with its wars, Albigensian wars and crusades, an imposing of Christianity in Russia, wars of communism -- they all are united by one external indication -- by an ideology as a reason, banner and motivational dominant (in consciousness of participants) of war. A final aim of war and connected with victory enslaving (potential) is declared to be joining of ethnos subject to repressions to an ideology of aggressive ethnos. A complex of dogmas connected with an immanent, moral, spiritual, intellectual weal and a supremacy of ideas, composing ideology of aggressor, is beforehand injected in consciousness of individuals-aggressors. There is an evident principle adequacy of the essence of declared ideology of dictate and the above mentioned essence. Ideology as a complex of ideas should , if there were a lack of dictate determinations and interests, be injected in consciousness of individuals irrespective of ethnic origin, spontaneously, depending on ontological, ethic and any other its side and value. An investment of any idea, ideology, ethics, and so on using external repressions has always a dictate basis, i.e., an injection of alien ideas in that case pursues pragmatic aims connected with appropriation of hedonistic wealth. This obvious notion is directly applicable to the analysis of ideological wars since an ideology that is acceptable and declared by hierarchs is always a speculative essence used for purposes of suppression. Examples are: expansion of Christianity, especially in South America, expansion of Islam during the first hundreds of years after prophet. In distinction from ethnic wars, ideological wars being characteristic of higher stages of dictate evolution and socium have as a final result an inculcation of an ideology of aggressor to individuals of conquered ethnos. As hierarchs of dictate to one or another degree are a personification, carriers of domestic ideology, so a result of ideological war always includes an extermination of hierarchs of a conquered socium, of an alien dictate form (from Montezuma, a leader of Albigensians to nowadays fascism) with a following transition, personification of a new ideology in a person of new hierarch. There is a variety of ideological wars -- wars that one or other group of individuals proclaims to be liberating -- irrespective of whether it is from power of an alien ethnos or a domestic group. In the first case, it is a hybrid of ethnic and ideological war, in the second -- a pure ideological war. Anyhow, declared dogmas of liberation are an ideological basement for a change of form and formation of dictate, more exactly, for a change of dictate structure and, first, a change of hierarchs and the highest conductors, since the suppressed, producers in functional teleology are invariable in concrete changes of chronological dictate forms. (Suppression of producers by Inks was different from the Spanish one only by a level of cruelty). An ideology of liberation here is only a convenient screen and an instrument for influencing consciousness that is used by a group of individuals aspiring to summits of dictate hierarchy. Results of all successful liberating wars confirm it, as "heroes-liberators" always compose the highest floors of new hierarchy, and a level of suppression at new formations quit often surpasses the previous one. In other words, these wars are a result of dictate determination, in that case, a result of activity of pretenders in hierarchs. It is a proper place here to remind that liberating wars are impossible without preliminary creation of an organization, party, group initiating a beginning of war that immanently has a dictate-hierarchic structure. The structure due to objective circumstances is centralized, autocratic or in the best case oligarchic that often acquires features of extremist form. War -- internal, external, ethnic, and any other -- is a mean of solving dictate problems. The problems can be divided into internal and external. The firsts are connected with concrete tasks of physical suppression and affection of

introspection, motivations of the suppressed -- tasks put forward by further centralization of power, intensification of arbitrary rule, secret services, possibility of extermination of passionary individuals at front and out of it, speculation on ethnic motives and intensification of wealth alienation, and so on. The seconds, external problems are connected with a conquer of a continuum of wealth of alien sociums (or with protection of own), solution of economic tasks (a reflection of hedonistic claims of hierarchs), and so on, i.e., with acquiring additional hedonistic possibilities as for satisfaction of requirements of hierarchs and the highest layers of hierarchy, so for solution of internal tasks of dictate -- mainly for stimulation of hedonism of the suppressed aimed at leveling, reduction of motivations negative to dictate. Summing up the discussed above, it is possible using only a list of aims and possible results to claim that the essence of wars and their expediency is determined by an essence of category of dictate, a necessity of suppression, potentials and activations of individuals composing stratified hierarchy of dictate and socium. A stratified structure of dictate and a dictate differentiation of psychotypes according to immanent teleology of individualscarriers, determine a differentiation of individual participation in war, attitude to war and to its results. Hierarchs -- are a layer, interests of individual of which to great extent is a reflection of basic tendencies and essences of evolving dictate. Hedonistic motivations of individuals of the layer are a necessary component of social essences initiating concretions of social-dictate activations. Dictate's needs determining a presence of war as an immanent essence of evolution of the global socium (6) (6--Besides the analysis presented above, see chap.2, 3.) to great extent are realized through an activity on namely this layer. From one side, consciousness of hierarchs through structures of I is influenced by the factors that reduce or completely deprive hierarchs of possibilities of hedonism (external and internal) and repress motivational dominants of war beginning. From the other side, starting from a certain level of technology hierarchs are alienated from nightmares and burdens of war (indirectly trough I, negative barriers of their consciousness are leveled); moreover, due to war they acquire new possibilities. Due to this double positive determination, motivational potentials of hierarchs respective to war are transformed into concretions, when there is a presence of reflected in I a subjective-objective confidence in a positive for hierarchs end of war. A potential possibility of war (in a conscious potential of hierarchs) finds a positive-motivational position in consciousness as by an influence of structures of I, so by the most powerful -- of hedonism of It. The only structure of consciousness -- super-I able to repress of these (in particular) dominants of hedonism, due to stereotype of dominants of hierarchs, has a low level of determining activity. In cases when structure of super-I of hierarchs has a sufficient level of determination, i.e., has a significant deviation from a psycho motivational stereotype of hierarchs corresponding to their social teleology, a socium more rare takes part in war and more rare becomes an aggressor (7) (7-- Nevertheless, always only hierarchs with hypertrophied features of psychotype adequate to their teleology were regarded as outstanding ones: Cyrus, Caesar, Carl the Great, Ivan the Terrible, Napoleon, Peter I, and so on; an opposite example is Ulagh Beg.). The external, objective determinants of dictate evolution: technology, ethnogenesis, ideology, -- while getting concrete forms in realities of social life, are reflected in structures of I of hierarchs' consciousness in a kind of realized essences that are positive or negative to their personal hedonism. A character of contacts of reflections of I and basic structures (supporting life) of It may be manifested and realized not only in a kind of positive or negative to socium potentials and concretions of mind but (often) in a kind of subconscious motivations caused by prevailing (due to the layer teleology) of namely subconscious hedonism of It.

At a sufficiently high level of conscious collisions reflected in I (for example, an aggression of an external ethnos or an appearance of negative passionarity) and It, hedonism of subconsciousness determines activations of an extreme character, in particular, a war. Here, we have a manifestation of the global chain of reasons that includes: objective world -- consciousness (mind) of individual -- dictate -- teleology of the stratified hierarchy -- psychotypes -- differentiation of activity --- history (here, wars) just as in any other social event determined by dictate structure of socium. Conductors of dictate from the highest nobles to hangmen fulfilling functions of their layer in wars force the suppressed to participate in a slaughter. Motivations and activity of the layer are varying depending on a stage such as: prelude of war; a stage preliminary to victory or defeat, termination of war (with different yield). At a prelude to war, a structure of dictate is stable, there are no external influences, i.e., there are no factors (objective) determining variations of the structure connected with enlargement of hedonistic possibilities of individuals of the layer. Yet, factors of introspection of socium determining a propensity of hierarchs to war determine an objective necessity of intensification of suppression conditioned both by objective-social and introspective factors of dictate evolution and by subjective such as a will of hierarch, i.e., from one side, internal factors conditioning an intensification of suppression, from the other -- hedonisticly motivated tendency to enlargement of their own possibilities. A solution of these determinations in war allows as to intensify external repressions as well as due to deformations of dictate structures caused by war to move ahead of a hierarchic ladder of dictate. Besides that, a war provides conductors with a possibility to get hedonistic wealth outside dictate structure, i.e., not from hands of hierarchs. So under presence of external conditions, dictate as a whole, as a category and teleology of the layer at a prelude period of war has a positive direction respective to a will of hierarchs to unleash a war. The phenomenon is facilitated by the fact that conductors and executors do not take part directly in a slaughter (8) (8-- A direct instrument here is again producers (staring from a certain level of technology development); an alienation of hedonistic rights here is maximal -the life.), i.e., a lack of a direct threat to their life does not create negative-hedonistic barriers in consciousness that reduce or level the hedonistic motivations described above. A period of war before concrete formation of its outcome is the most wanted time for executors and conductors. A seize of material, sexual and other wealth from alien ethnoses, career possibilities, unofficial possibilities of alienation in their own favor of hedonistic wealth of individuals of domestic socium, possibilities of arbitrary rule connected with orthodoxy militant centralization of power (i.e., creation of a military-bureaucratic autocracy) -- these all and the other similar aspects make a war necessary and wanted for conductors. Using objective needs of war, speculating on ethnic motivations (9) (9 --A beginning and the first stages of war are always characterized by a revelry of chauvinism), imposing military hierarchy in all social institutes, dictate pursues (and conductors realize) a single aim -- to associate the interests and aims of war wanted by dictate (by hierarchs and conductors) with interests of socium and on that basis, while combining a voluntary and motivated rejection from hedonistic possibilities with a compulsory, repressive alienation from them, to increase a level of asceticism of the suppressed up to their self-sacrifice in the name of dictate interests. A stage preceding a victory or defeat is characterized by several peculiarities. A military domination (or defeat) (10 ) (10 -- The same tendencies as at victory but with the reverse sign) is connected with a seize of territory, material wealth, submission of a part of alien socium. An income of material wealth gives possibilities to direct some parts of them on satisfaction at least of a part of some primitive aspects of hedonism: bread, shows, and so on. From the

other side, the sops to hedonism of the suppressed result in lowering, reduction of imposed-introspective asceticism necessary to dictate as a whole and to teleology of wars in particular. At the same time, a seizure of territory and enslaving of alien sociums with hostile ethnic and social complexes of motivations necessitate a development of structures of suppression, since to usual negativedictate motivations of suppressed producers there is an addition of ethnic, ideological motivations, and so on. Together with intensification of hedonistic motivations of the suppressed of domestic socium, the phenomenon conditions a necessity of a hypertrophy of a layer of conductors with an immanent application of rights of authoritarian arbitrary rule and an increase of hedonistic objective potentials. Although a stage preceding a defeat has objective features directly opposite to the mentioned above, i.e., an amount of material wealth decreases, territory shrinks, continuum of socium is reduced, dictate essences and their variations have (at least to the given layer) to great extent the identical character (11) (11--That is why they are analyzed together), although it is determined by different motivations. All the essences mentioned above being reduced by military failures result in a single thing -- in a reduction of a social continuum of hedonistic wealth. Since hierarchs at any objective situation do not want to restrict their hedonistic potentials and concretions, so a reduction can be fulfilled only at the expense of other layers. Conductors and accompanyings are also excluded from a circle of persons done out of their share, because their loyalty as being absolutely necessary to dictate is secured by stimulation of hedonism. So there are left the traditional "scapegoats" --producers, contradictate passionaries, and so on. An intensification of alienation of hedonistic wealth from the suppressed is connected with an increase of suppression level, i.e., with an enlargement of the layer of conductors as well as a quantity of wealth utilized by the layer that in turn determines a necessity of intensification of suppression. In spite of an antagonism of objective determinants of dictate at these stages of war, dictate concretions to great extent are similar. Strengthening of a layer of conductors -continually, potentially and activationally -- determines under war conditions a structure of the layer and its place in dictate hierarchy, i.e., eventually its attitude to war and a character of influence on it. As in the previous case, let us analyze determinations and attitude to war starting from possible results of war respective to a given layer of dictate. End of war irrespective of its yield means objectively a termination of inflow of material wealth, disappearance the reason justifying an extreme suppression and presence of hierarchy autocracy, disappearance of introspective justifications, screens for dictate arbitrary rule and appearance of a necessity in legislative restrictions of it, reorientation of passionarity of the most active part of socium from ethnic opposition (expansion) on individual-hedonistic, egocentric purposes and alike. These negative to unrestricted arbitrary rule objective changes occur at a background of a grown during the war apparatus of suppression, individuals of which had during war giant personal possibilities connected with inflow of wealth and lowering of opposition of the passionary suppressed engaged in a concrete slaughter, in a mutual extermination. Besides that, with evolution of technology, with enlargement of territorial areas of military action a direct threat to life and hedonism of conductors is minimal (12) (12-- A technological explosion at epoch of transition to postcivilization and a jump of its military aspects has changed the situation in a cardinal way. An analysis of the epoch is presented below in a special subsection.). A combination of these prospects of war termination directly determines a motivation rejection, reluctance of conductors to stop war. Moreover, conductors, at least representatives of the highest layers acquire during a war such hedonistic possibilities and so a power and possibility of assuming prerogatives of hierarchs that under certain objective (natural and social) and subjective conditions connected with qualities of particular individuals they are directly invested in hierarchs. Soldiers' emperors,

Mamelukes' sultans, a raw of events in history of Iran, empire of (?)Chak Zyly, Napoleon and so on -- the list of examples may be very long. A hypertrophy of means of extermination in two ways -- directly and indirectly through dictate evolution (with an immanent growth of introspection) changes an attitude of the layer to war. First, extermination becomes total and anonymous, i.e., death becomes a lot not only the fighting suppressed (heroessoldiers) but of all members of socium-antagonists. Second, a regular, strategic intensification of introspective component of suppression implies a reduction of external aspects, repressions connected with an individual arbitrary rule of conductors, i.e., with reduction of namely those aspects of hedonistic potentials connected with war that are the most wanted by individuals of the layer. When at the previous epochs, ethnic motives (among defeated) at absence of a necessity of a total genocide forced to use conductors for management of defeated socium, that at epoch of postcivilization due to a considerable and growing ideological component of war conductors of a defeated ethnos are more often subject to physical extermination. These aspects and a determined by dictate evolution hypertrophy of an accompanying layer, diffusion of borders between creators of ideology and conductors leads to a situation, when conductors become powerful adepts of a winning war: the latter is possible only when combined efforts of creators of introspective dictate (of accompanyings) and of an external one ( conductors) produce so powerful repressions respective to the suppressed in hypostasis of heroes-soldiers that a victory becomes inevitable. Unsuccessful wars terminated with a defeat of domestic ethnos have similar even adequate dictate essences both in a basis and in consequences. A reduction of continuum of material wealth of socium on the threshold of defeat at constant appetites of conductors and hierarchs inevitably entails an intensification of suppression (of an expedient alienation of hedonistic wealth), i.e., an intensification of activity of the layer as continually so functionally. Besides shrinking of territory and a continuum of consumed material wealth, a threshold of defeat from the conductors' point of view is a phase of danger to lose as hedonistic prerogatives so their own lives. In a process of evolution, the statement does not at least get weaker and at epoch of transition to postcivilization it grows as wars at that epoch have a more expressed ideological coloration and conductors of ethnos under defeat acquiring some features of adepts of ideology become more dangerous to winning dictate imposing its own ideology (13) (13 -- Even to a grater extent it is true of concrete carriers and creators of ideology -- of accompanying layer.). A combination of the factors forced conductors to intensify suppression with the aim to achieve an epidemic military heroism for repulsing expansion and prevention of defeat. An intensification here includes also external aspects such as decimations, mass execution of "cowards" and imposition of ethnic dogmas, and introspective containing ideology-dogmatic essences and all the aspects have a character of totality. In its turn, a necessity of intensification of suppression in a frame of a given dictate form (14) (14 -- A military, i.e., ethnic pressure here plays a role of external perturbation for dictate and is a determinant o dictate deformation.) is a reason of a growth of importance of the layer in a whole continuum of social activations; at some level of external pressure on dictate (a military one, here) and a certain phase of dictate evolution, it may result in a deformation of structure and eventually -- in a change of hierarchs and variations (unimportant) of a layer of conductors. Arguments in favor of the statement are present in history of all ethnoses. Sometimes, a coincidence of the above mentioned social-dictate factors results in an appearance of extremist forms of dictate and one of the reasons of that is a weakness of concrete structures of conductors and executors of suppression (Paris commune, Mao, and so on). When hierarchs are a conservative structure of motivational, psychotype and activational continuum of socium, then conductors as a direct active force of suppression realizing the basic law of dictate evolution connected with reduction

of external and growth of introspective suppression along with transition of some functions of suppression to accompanyings undergo, if it can be said, an introspective formation of their activity, in particular, with respect to wars and during wars. War -- is in essence the most radical form of external suppression (extermination of negative to dictate passionarity) and a reduction of external suppression determined by dictate evolution here gets a concrete form in reduction of willingness, motivation of war in history. A bright exhibition of the regularity of dictate evolution is presented at the epoch of transition to postcivilization, at the current phase, when wars, at least big, are unleashed not by the sociums having the most successful, logical dictate evolution but by extremist forms of dictate and sociums being at a comparatively low steps of evolution and experiencing a pressure from outside connected with ethnogenesis and technology of alien ethnoses. For sociums at comparatively higher steps of dictate evolution, wars to less degree (in principle, less) are a mean of reduction of negative continuum but to greater extent are a mean of solution of problem of state formation (a concretion of dictate) such as economic, political, and so on. Due to it, wars initiated by advanced formations of dictate are distinguished by a restriction, a less scale and fewer consequences for introspective and objective essences laying in the basement of a concrete dictate form. War as an extreme condition of socium and dictate is necessarily based on powerful introspective foundations. A statement on an innate aggressiveness of a person may be true but it does not explain anything, especially when we consider a war with application of rifles, artillery, and so on, that allows to fulfill an anonymous killing at a distance. Any regimes, any forms of dictate up to the most terrible dictatorships are in need of an ideology preparation, an introspective initiation of the suppressed for participation in war with application of all those dogmas, essences, theories, faiths that traditionally have been used by dictate for introspective suppression realized by a layer of accompanyings. Evolution of dictate strengthening namely that side of suppression and basing partly on a positive activity of the layer completely and directly determines a potential, activations and attitude to war of namely the layer of accompanyings. From one side, an organic prostitution and a stimulated by hedonism loyal creative work of accompanyings initiate their activity on creation of introspective essences of influence on motivations of the suppressed with the aim of forcing them to participation in war. From the other side, a comparatively high (compared with hierarchs and conductors) development of super-I determined by a structure of psychotype and being necessary for their functioning in dictate is the reason that horrors of war, reflected in I and associated by categories of super-I, induce a presence of antagonism between super-I and dictate-stimulated hedonism. The hedonism together with the psychotype corruption determines an adequacy of their attitude to and activity during a war at all phases. A phase of war, a victory or possible defeat determines only a concrete character of activity: praising, justification, initiation, stimulation -- of the essences of mind, of the ontological, ethic, ethnic, and so on categories that are able to prompt the suppressed to the maximum self-alienation of hedonistic wealth up to a self-sacrifice. An essence of attitude to war of the layer of accompanyings is rather conservative and is determined by prostitution in principle of its individuals. They have no concrete advantages from a presence or a lack of war (at least sufficiently weighty) as their activity is necessary and is paid always; moreover, a war implies a possibility of a premature, violent death of each of them and besides negative determinants of super-I and I there is an addition of negative to war dominants of hedonism. To their leveling, dictate is forced to stimulate hedonism of accompanyings -- not only by primitive means but by increasing a social status, co-participation in hedonistic prerogatives of hierarchs, and so on. The tendency develops in direct accordance with the law of dictate evolution -- from a complete neglecting in physical forms at early epochs of dictate

evolution to a principle importance to dictate in advanced forms of introspective suppression and especially in its extremist forms. In other words, dictate determination of the layer attitude to war is an obvious and direct consequence of action of the laws of dictate evolution as objective so strategic psychotypemotivation introspective basements of its stratified structure. A motive and a material of war as of all other functional manifestations of an evolving socium are producers, the suppressed. In wars, individuals of the layer (as soldiers) are subject to maximum suppression, i.e., an alienation of material wealth reaches an apogee: right to live is alienated, the suppressed are forced to sacrifice themselves in a name of dictate interests. Efforts of all layers of suppression from hierarchs to accompanyings are directed on achievement of the aim. When a level and a character of influence of the layers on an essence and initiation of war vary in evolution-dictate determination, the layer of the suppressed (as well as hierarchs) is comparatively conservative in its attitude to wars, participation in them, introspective acceptance (15) (15 -- War is impossible at an active nonacceptance, since a soldier-suppressed possesses the same means of extermination as executors of dictate.). Suppression is always based on introspective essences of consciousness of the suppressed and its extreme levels inherent to military actions are determined by the same laws as in peaceful periods. Dictate forms, especially at epoch of civilization are characterized by a uniformity of basements, by an essence of pressure on producers only with some variations of composition of external, physical and introspective-hedonistic suppression. A suppression effectiveness, i.e., eventually a level of domination in consciousness of motivations of selfassigning to dictate that are determined mainly by hedonism of subconsciousness, varies during a cycle of evolution of a dictate form. It determines a character of attitude of the suppressed to war, a character of their military activity. Epochs of dictate blossoming including a stage of expansion that at a period of civilization are synchronous with epochs of ethnos blossoming exhibit a high level of loyal-dictate dominants of consciousness combined with a high level of ethnic passionarity; at the same time, a level of conscious dominants initiating a voluntary participation in war is sufficiently high for their transitions from potential determinants into accidental ones. A character of participation of the suppressed (producers) in war and a degree of their military activity are determined by an efficiency of suppression, i.e., by an optimal composition of physical and introspective suppression and so by a phase of evolution of a given concrete form of dictate. A level of positive attitude, dictate loyalty of motivations of the suppressed during and after war depends on a character of war, its success, price of victory, and so on. Expansion, threshold of victory, victory, especially a quick one and with small victims increasing a hedonistic objective continuum of socium, increases a level of loyal-dictate motivations. After such wars, a significant part of the suppressed having a higher level of passionarity, survived in slaughter and having got a skill in stimulation of individual hedonism in killing and robbery and who has lost an imposed stereotype aspect connected with a permanent self-alienation from hedonistic wealth, is invested in negative passionaries. The phenomenon is eased by an uneven, differential-layer redistribution of seized wealth and possibilities. Extermination of a part of passionary soldiers (namely they are the first to perish) and an alienation of other part result in the situation, when in the course of time successful wars become a reason of a significant reduction of loyal passionarity of soldiers-suppressed and eventually an indirect reason of disintegration of a form of dictate. Unsuccessful wars (16) (16 -- In essence, success or failure of war is determined by dictate genesis, ethnogenesis and by a level of technology, i.e., eventually by dictate and dictate evolution.) and a threshold of defeat connected with a reduction of continuum, from one side, reduce a volume of wealth in socium and, from the other, lead to their redistribution with an increase of hedonistic-

layer differentiation. It is aggravated by an alienation of hedonistic wealth by alien ethnos-winner. An integral pressure on hedonism of the suppressed (producers) is combined with disintegration of structures and dogmas of super-I of an ideology-dictate, ethnic, ethical-dictate, and so on kind that is immanent to a state formation of a defeated socium. Therefore, even a comparatively low level of hedonism as a determinant of activity becomes enough for its breaking through in a kind of negative to dictate activations. Depending on a phase of dictate evolution and socium ethnogenesis on the threshold of defeat and depending on a continuum of dictate passionaries (often connected with the first), the stage of war results in a wide spectrum of possible activity of the suppressed: from self-alienation as ethnic so dictate to intensification of military counteraction against an aggressive socium. A break through of hedonism and a formation of negative-dictate continuum of motivations of producers into negative passionaries at that stage of war are possible and are realized, when all aspects of dictate introspection located in I, super-I and It are reduced due to an objective evolution of dictate; it does not happen when motivations are still sufficiently strong, for the same reason. In distinction from the other layers with their active attitude to war, producers (in spate of the fact that namely they drive into action the whole terrible machine of war as well as a material-hedonistic production in peaceful times) are passive executors. Even on the threshold of defeat and collapse, only a small part of the most passionary producers (who are killed in war in the first turn) separates from the layer with a following investment in negative passionaries. An overwhelming majority of producers has so weak activational sublimation of hedonism due to a weakness of the very determinants of hedonism and structures sublimating it that a pressure even at this stage of war turns often to be insufficient for a concrete formation of negative to dictate activations. A factor determining a presence or absence of the negative to dictate motivations and concretions and their power is a war duration that directly determines a continuum of passionary producers survived in slaughter and the whole amount of producers survived in war. It in turn along with preservation or even growth (in spite of everything) of hedonistic consumption of the highest layers determines an intensification and extensive spreading of all aspects of suppression and deprivation of hedonistic even primitive but vitally necessary wealth to such degree that concretions of negative to dictate activations become impossible. Minimization of a continuum of wealth in a defeated socium and their concentration in hands of hierarchs increase their value, and motivational meaning of the wealth for hedonism of the suppressed necessary for life support becomes so great that hedonism infringed to the extreme degree (to physical extermination!) becomes an ally of hierarchs in their military activity. Under defeat, i.e., when even that minimum of wealth stops to be a mean of domestic dictate, a restraining dam of loyalty becomes broken and a full swing of negative to dictate activity starts, in which even individuals with a low level of sublimated hedonismpassionarity take part. Contradictate passionaries at any wars, any phases and yields are negative in their motivations and activity. Namely an intensification of suppression due to and during war conditioned by powerful sublimations of super-I repressing hedonism of these rare individuals is a basement for intensification of their contradictateship. In addition, an immanent power of intellect makes invalid all the screens of military actions and motivations of dictate injected into consciousness. Examples of such contradictateship are: Voltaire, pyrrhoniks, Lucian, Kierkegaard, Barbusse, Hemingway and some others. There is another aspect of layer teleology in dictate wars. A necessity of initiation and stimulation of loyal activity in a hypostasis of military valour determines a rise of hierarchy of a social, dictate and hedonistic status of militaries. With a growth of technology, i.e., with reinforcing of anonymity of military killing, when there is no concrete clash in a single combat, a necessity

of concrete-personal courage, fighting aggressiveness and military skills is reduces and respectively, there is lowering of necessity in individual perfection of a soldier - of a fighting machine of dictate. At early stages of evolution of dictate, when an outcome of war was determined to great extent by a quality of warriors, not by weapons, i.e., when technology determined outcome of military collisions indirectly through dictate essences (17)(17 -- Some cases are known having a direct determination as, for example, in the collision of Romans with Chinese arbalests near Thales at the epoch of Rome expansion.), hierarchs were forced to support a high dictate, social and hedonistic status of a warrior. The greater the danger threatening to socium and dictate as a result of military collisions and especially in the case of defeats (18) (18 -- Ethnic wars in the case of defeat may result in extermination or assimilation of defeated ethnos, ideological wars also have sever consequences.) the more dictate is forced to resort to this measure up to passing to the highest generals some attributes of hedonism of hierarchs and adjoining of individuals of military hierarchy to nonhedonistic possibilities not inherent to them in other times. A hedonism of warrior especially when it has a genotype intensification, with stimulation at a sufficiently high level (as during war) determines powerful loyal motivations. They can initiate a military activity of the suppressed that is necessary to dictate and especially activity of the most useful to dictate individuals with a high level of hedonism, i.e., namely of the essence, sublimation of which produces a passionarity of an arbitrary direction and gist. Antique wars and wars of medieval in Europe, China, Persia, Arab expansion, empire of Zulu at epoch of expansion, and so on -- armies of all these forms and formations present the examples in favor of the statement. As any effective category of suppression, this one represents a unity of declared-external, injected in consciousness and a real, objective-social essence. Dictate evolution: suppression, basic laws and wars Suppression as a main manifestation of functioning dictate at each period of war has the same tasks and uses the same complex of interconnected external an introspective influences as at peaceful time being distinguished only by a level of repression because here an object of alienation is the very life of the suppressed. The basic law of dictate evolution determines an immanent chronological reduction of physical suppression and an increase of positive-hedonistic component of suppression. However, as a war is always connected with changes even for a short time of dictate structure with tendencies of hierarchic autocracy, i.e., with deviation from the strategic tendency, so a war also determines a deviation from the essence of laws of evolution. An evolution of the main determinant of dictate -- of technology that increases possibilities of men slaughter and a volume of human masses activated in war, i.e., a necessity of using individuals having psychotype different from a military one (as in wars with direct contacts) makes the above made statement more strong and determines a necessity of autocratic hierarchic structure and an intensification of repressive influences. In other words, the main determinant of dictate evolution -- technology determines the essence of short-living military fluctuations of the law but here in an indirect manner. Let us consider an interconnection of dictate evolution and wars from early ethnoses to nowadays and variations of suppression conditioned by that interconnection. Wars between tribes are characterized by: a low level of technology, ethnoses just appear, a continuum of present wealth is hardly enough for life support, all individuals take part in production. These features condition a short duration of wars, a participation of all individuals (men), an extermination of the defeated. These external, objective features of war reflected in I determine as directly so through hedonism of It a motivational loyalty to proto-dictate of a very high level and the same motivational self-assigning to

direct participants of military actions, to warriors if not skilled but diligent and courageous, because a defeat was equal to death. Dictate of a strong man existing during such war has been more hypertrophied, since the strongest men acquire a hypostasis of the most effective protection -- of a strong and courageous warrior, whose activity and strength, and so on can safe from perishing of the rest members of socium. Due to it, the same combination of reflections in I with hedonism of It gets a significantly higher level of determinations of behavior motivations that becomes even more powerful, because structures of superI of individuals at the epoch due to objective-evolving circumstances have a low level of influence on conscious activity. A personification of hierarch with his immanent prerogatives in persons of powerful warriors with their features positively-reflected by conscious of the suppressed during war attaches to dictate of suppression the features of a positive essence, social weal and not in conscious categories but indirectly through hedonism -- the most powerful dominant of mind. In essence, there is minimum necessity of dictate in wars at this stage. Wars to great extent have a character of biological struggle for surviving deprived of social-dictate coloration, and therefore dictate determinations and a corresponding character and level of external suppression are significantly, qualitatively reduced in comparison with the following forms and formations of dictate. The next stage of dictate evolution is towns-temples of Sumer, Egypt, Greece and Rome of antique epoch. An evolution of technology -- of the basic determinant of dictate -- allows to alienate a part of individuals of socium from production as for the structures of suppression so for a military that secures a satisfaction of an important aspect of hedonism of hierarchs -- security from external aggressors and internal riots. Ethnoses have appeared and formed, i.e., the second determinant of dictate evolution comes into force -- an ethnogenetic one. Dictate has acquired a stratified structure that is shaped and evolves under influence of external determinants and conscious activity of individuals of socium. Hedonism of the highest layers and the suppressed gets differentiated levels of satisfaction or, in other words, different levels of repression of hedonism. Levels of repression of hedonism are different while having similar reflections of objective realities of war. Wars lose the features described above and acquire a dictate teleology. Hierarchs alienate themselves from concrete military actions and do not subject their life to danger shifting off these functions -- as on a voluntary basis so under compulsion -- on individuals from a layer of conductors and the suppressed by applying all the methods of positive stimulation of hedonism and negative-physical compulsion described above. A war already is not always combined with extermination, more often with assimilation and slavery; in most cases there is no prospects of total killing: wars are conducted for possessing of hedonistic wealth and people -- producers of defeated socium -- are a mean of their obtaining. Due to it, wars and warriors partly lose features of objectivity and reflections in I of these essences reduce their determining power in consciousness of the suppressed. A partial loss during wars of positivity, motivational loyalty of the suppressed respective to dictate is necessarily compensated by a negativemotivational, external suppression. The suppression in an evolution acquires all the features present in a given dictate form of state suppression: legislative, ethic-moral, physical, and so on. While a compulsion to an arbitrary asceticism may be effectively realized by these means, a compulsion to participation in war, i.e., to a loss of life demands more intensity and other, efficient measures. As an addition to a usual arsenal here, a powerful motivational dominant is used -ethnogenetic that is efficiently exploited by dictate as for initiation of a motivational acceptance of wars by the suppressed so for ethic, ideological, and so on justification of the very wars pursuing at that epoch purely dictate aims (19) (19 -- Internal-social and external aims (see the beginning of section).). An ethnic antagonism especially at epoch of ethnogenetic blossoming and expansion gives in hands of hierarchs a powerful instrument, which efficiency is great in

view that there is a lack of powerful ideological structures negative to dictate wars that could be injected in super-I as a counter-determinant to dictate-loyal injections and motivations. An application on the instrument -- of ethnic motivations -- at a sufficiently effective level can be realized if and only if dogmas of ethnic supremacy, animosity to alien ethnoses and connected with them are firmly inculcated, injected into consciousness of the suppressed. Here at a comparatively high level of repression of hedonism of the suppressed, it is enough of a quit small prompting push in a necessary to dictate direction, i.e., it is enough a propaganda action imposing in consciousness of individuals simple dogmas of ethnic antagonism and opposition that can be used as a sublimating beginning and as a result a repressed hedonism in its conscious breaking through is sublimated in loyal-dictate forms of passionarity. Greece-Persian wars, wars of Rome (before epoch of obscuration), Russian - France war of 1812 y. -- is a list of examples that can be much longer and every reader can add it using history of his own ethnos. Of course, application of the instrument of suppression in military purposes is efficient only at those stages of ethnogenesis, when a continuum of ethnic passionarity is sufficiently big for realization of large social actions, i.e., at stages before obscuration. If we account for the fact that a linearity of technical determination of dictate evolution is hardly visible on the background of cycles of ethic determination at epoch of civilization and so cycles of dictate evolution and of ethnogenesis not only synchronous but are causally connected, then we come to a conclusion that an efficiency of the instrument directly and indirectly through dictate evolution is determined by a character of ethnogenesis. Stages of decline of ethnic motivations of self-assigning to ethnic passionarity: obscuration, decline, disintegration of ethnos and dictate form, are characterized by a corresponding reduction of efficiency of ethnic dominant of conscious motivations of a participation and "heroism" in war that determines a dictate necessity to intensify an external suppression, compulsion to wars. Especially so, because these stages are characterized by the most dictate necessity, needs in external wars determined by objective essences of dictate evolution. Realities of suppression here should have very high level to create in consciousness of the suppressed a negative barrier of a sufficient banning power to prevent a breaking through of activation motivations connected with the most powerful structure of hedonism of It -- an instinct of self-preservation. An alternative to a possible death (in war) here may be only death -- and dictate uses decimations, individual public and mass executions for a rejection from participation in war or for "cowardice". Repressions of relatives are also used for the same aim involving parents, wives, children of individuals disloyal to dictate and in one or another way deviating from participation in war. A layer structure of dictate at the epoch has been already formed and consecrated by customs, law and institutes of state power and so it determines a differentiated-layer suppression and its military variations in compositions of positive and negative components of suppression with a maximum positive-hedonistic component for the highest layers and with its reduction according to lowering of social-dictate status with corresponding intensification of a negative, externalphysical suppression. A period of professional militaries has come. From the epoch when all adult men of socium were warriors, evolution of dictate leads to professional legionaries of Rome, to troops of seignior and kings, Vikings, Normans, to military hirelings. Now military activity of dictate is secured by a layer, more exactly, by a narrow-specific sublayer of conductors, for whom the main motivation of participation in war is a direct stimulation of hedonism -- paying, possibility of rape and robbery, possibility of movement higher along social and dictate ladder. A need in these individuals sharply grows at periods of military collisions, when there is a direct threat to hedonism of hierarchs. A realization of this objective truth by professional militaries

results in the situation, when wars become a permanent feature of social life and often do not correspond to dictate teleology being initiated by professionals themselves. A lack of ethnic dominants or prevailing over them of primitive-hedonistic ones creates a threat that in lowering of stimulation of warriors' hedonism they can desert to the enemy or apply their military skill against domestic hierarchs. That phenomenon and a complication of external collisions lead to an appearance of secret services. In distinction from an external intelligence service of hetaeras or Egyptian Pharaoh or sycophants of antique, these services combine in them a fulfilling of tasks of external and internal intelligence service, search of disloyal, conduction of actions of penetration, recruitment and all other well known to contemporary reader as functions of these services. These services are realized especially logically in ethnoses existing under conditions of tough internal and between ethnoses struggle of dictate forms (Mongolia of Jenghiz Khan, Japan at epoch of shogun wars, emperors' China of medieval and so on.). A thorough analysis of a place and functions of the services in structure of dictate and dictate determinations of their essences will be presented lower in a special section. Here, we will consider changes in a character of suppression in a light of appearance and functioning of this apparatus of dictate suppression, i.e., will consider only functions of internal suppression applied by dictate to that substructure. Its appearance is directly determined by shaping, harmonious formation of a suppression structure. A presence of dictate layers with their infrastructure and own teleology determined by a stereotype of dominants, psycho motivations and having a unidirectionality in protection of dictate interests, i.e., of hierarchs only under quit certain conditions -- a sufficient stimulation of hedonism of some, efficient suppression of others gives rise in need of information on a character of the dominated in socium as a whole and in dictate layers ideas, moods, and resulting activity. At periods of aggravation of internal collisions in socium and an appearance of powerful introspective antagonisms in dictate structure (wars, of course, belong to such periods) a role of the structures increases, since information determines a concrete activation of measures and a level of dictate suppression and the suppression, its efficiency completely determines an ability of socium to withstand external perturbations, here -- a military pressure of alien sociums or internal groups of pretenders in hierarchs. Besides purely information tasks, these structures both at peaceful times and even more at war times are executors of out-of-law suppression, repressive arbitrary rule that implies a passing them of instruments of suppression: people, means, dictate sanctions. The higher danger threatens to a concretion of dictate, the greater an extent of reduction of efficiency of suppression -- namely this strategic peculiarity corresponds to a threshold of defeat -- the more possibilities the substructures get. A character of suppression inherent to the substructure determines its functioning during wars: using a direct violence, a dictate arbitrary rule. As the structure is staffed (for an efficient correspondence to dictate teleology) from individuals having extremely clear orthodoxy psychotype of a layer of conductors, i.e., with hedonistic dominant of motivations sublimated by I, with underdeveloped super-I (especially on the threshold of defeat), it results in an alienation of activations of the layer from needs of dictate and in paying attention to themselves (egocentrism). In that case, a suppression is directed not at achievements of dictate aims but only at a war prolongation that provides with hedonistic possibilities as the given social group so professional militaries. Dictate evolution determines a reduction of a component of external, physical suppression in a whole sum of repressive actions, due to which a continuum and activity of the structure look as if it should be reduced with time. But here, history makes a surprise. Secret services are growing with time in many sociums especially at war periods and acquire a growing weight in social and dictate functioning, at least at the first glance. Let us contemplate it more

thoroughly. At peaceful period, that structures have a considerable influence in those forms of dictate, which either precede or are already extremist ones (Mazdakism, Savonarola, Commune, France in XVIII c., fascism, and so on.). In countries with a logical process of evolution, their influence is superficial as they are completely subject to dictate tasks and are controlled by it (Britain, France, later America). A hypertrophy of an influence of the services at war time is directly determined by a military deformation of suppression structures to the side of bureaucratic autocracy with features of extremism. It may be told that a hypertrophy of the services and their alienation from dictate teleology is always connected with a level of extremism in a dictate concretion. Gray caftans of Mazdak, Fouquier-Tinville, Gestapo and SS are the most bright arguments. So an extremism of suppression introduced by secret services in a whole continuum of dictate activity during war is only a partial manifestation of a general tendency of evolution of an extremist form of dictate, i.e., a consequence of the objective laws of dictate evolution. A development of technology -- of a determinant of dictate evolution -provides dictate with a possibility to alienate from productive labor an ever growing number of individuals-suppressed. A European expansion has started. European super-ethnos (after L. Gumilev) varies a character and a volume of wars. Both conquering and liberating wars caused by economic reasons in their varieties become more frequent and devastating. Slaughter of "heroes" acquires a global scale. Professional militaries are preserved but again a basis of killed material as at early stage of evolution is composed of all the suppressed, sometimes of all men-producers with fighting ability. This fact and a chronologically evolving growth of nightmares of mutual extermination reflected in consciousness of the suppressed and generating contradictate or negative to dictate motivations determine a character of suppression at war time. Professional militaries at this period are invested, more exactly, are returned into a layer of direct internal social suppression (layer of conductors) and realize a direct compulsion of producers to military activity. Assuming this role -- of professional militaries and conductors of dictate, -these individuals get a double possibility to stimulate hedonism connected with war that directly determines their motivational striving to permanent and prolonged wars. Due to a quantitative growth of the substructure of suppression and a presence in its hands of instruments of suppression (soldiers, weapon, intelligent service, and so on), it acquires a significant dictate and social influence and a high hierarchic status. At epoch of powerful ethnic and dictate collisions (an early medieval of Europe, wars of shoguns) individuals of the layer due to the above mentioned aspects of their functioning comprise a layer of hierarchs. A further their alienation from military activity changes little in the essence of that process respective to militaries-professionals, i.e., their status is preserved to be high. However, the situation cannot suit hierarchs as it is a threat to their security, i.e., it pinches their hedonism -- the basic pushing motivation of dictate. An efficient neutralization of the danger is made by hierarchs applying a simple trick (20) (20 -- That trick is used later: military formations fulfilling an internal suppression, i.e., the most dangerous to hierarchs too, are comprised mainly from aliens.) -- an alienation, putting aside professional militaries from the main mass of socium and often their formation from aliens (Mamelukes, Vikings, hirelings of Byzantium) and a contrast of them with socium, i.e., with the suppressed as a force of a pure negative compulsion, repression. In that way, militaries are deprived of all applied illusive categories and essences of a common weal and common necessity that create the introspective components justifying the very existence of dictate. A lack of introspective basis results in the situation, when usurped power is based on a direct physical compulsion and becomes even more unstable because militaries, as was shown above, from now are transformed into the suppressed. And

if a compulsion of them to military actions against alien sociums based on all those aspects of introspective suppression discussed above may be sufficiently effective, then with respect to internal wars all these aspects are absent. Due to it, a role of hired conductors of dictate is more acceptable for a hedonism of professional militaries, the main executors of suppression at war times. So wars become objectively necessary not only to hierarchs but to professional-militaries, because a maximum of hedonistic wealth they alienate in their favor namely at the periods of their necessity to dictate -- during wars. This aim of two layers determines as a permanent presence of wars so as an intensification of suppression. Instruments of suppression, in essence, are the same as analyzed at the beginning of section. However, an evolution of technology, its different aspects and appearance of powerful mystical cults give in hands of hierarchs and professional militaries significantly higher possibilities for injection of positive-dictate, loyal (respective to war) dogmas and ideas into introspection, in structures of consciousness of the suppressed. Religious cults such as Christianity, Islam, Buddhism initiating by their powerful ideas motivations of self-assigning give to dictate an instrument of suppression not less powerful than the very dictate (21) (21 --The statement becomes clear, when we account for that religion in a developed stage is also a form of dictate.) essence of suppression having great similarity with religious one and based on alike introspective factors. An injection of ideas of protection of a mystical faith of domestic ethnos (dictate) from an alien socium (religion) adds ethnic and other stimuli and determinants of prompting motivations. That addition (namely due to ontological and ethic ideas laying in its basis and injected in super-I), which development supported by technology evolution reaches quit a high level, is able to produce significant determinations and to influence so strongly consciousness of the suppressed (soldiers) that wars with religious coloration (but, of course, of dictate kind in essence) are distinguished for their fanaticism, courage and mass self-sacrifice. Wars of Islam, Albigensian Wars, crusades, Hussites wars, and so on -- are a few examples from many. Dictate evolves with the tendency to introspection, and its form with prevailing of positive-hedonistic suppression corresponds to a high level of technology evolution and, in particular, to means of distraction. Dimensions of area of inhabitancy of socium stop to play a role of a protecting factor. Human society acquires huge sizes and a number of participants of military massacres exceeds any imagination. Here we have a paradox -- suppression becomes less cruel but a number of participants of wars, which are more and more terrible, increases many folds. An influence of religion at this context is mush less than at previous epochs, at least in sociums with logical, surpassing others, evolution of dictate. In other words, a reduction of external suppression is accompanied by an increase of intensity of mutual extermination of individuals. A reason for that -- is a decrease of a number of war participants killing opponents in direct contact, i.e., experiencing a direct threat to life that requires a necessary level of motivations of individual quality. An extermination becomes indirect and fulfilled through a technical power of weapon. Still, these and alike aspects are, of course, secondary in essence of a suppression of producers in rank of soldiers. It is a paradox but namely the reduction of external and qualitative jump of introspective suppression directed on hedonism and to less degree on I and super-I are the basis of intensification of superficially different wars: wars between socium-hegemons caused by economic and other declared reasons; wars between a socium-hegemon and a socium standing at lower steps of dictate evolution; ideological wars that include all revolution, liberating and other wars initiated by pretenders in place of hierarchs. Wars between sociums-hegemons are in their essence a stage of hierarchic collisions, a consequence of a competition of hierarchs' interests. For example, conquering of China by Jenghiz Khan was accompanied by appropriation of some hedonistic wealth absent in socium of Mongol and being produced by a technology of

a higher level. As for the changes positive to hedonism of the suppressed of a winning socium, they were insignificant. So results of war were widening of hedonistic possibilities of hierarchs and layers of suppression and not only material but connected with power, sex, and so on. The second example -- BritainBoors war, the war for the right of exploitation of enormous natural wealth of South Africa. We have here the same external facade -- an economic necessity but in fact -- there is a tendency to widen hedonistic possibilities of hierarchs. Eventually, the motive forces of dictate evolution are the forces initiating wars. While here dictate determinations do not reveal themselves clearly, do not lay on the surface, than wars at epoch of introspective forms of dictate: liberating, ideological, and so on -- have a quit obvious dictate determinism. An initiation of wars by hierarchs at that epoch is combined with a sharp increase of a positive-hedonistic suppression, i.e., with stimulation of loyal to dictate motivations using an influence (satisfaction) on some aspects of the most powerful structure of consciousness -- hedonism of It. That structure, its deterministic potential does not depend on any external respective to individual essences -- whether natural, ethnic, and so on. A direct appealing to hedonism of the suppressed stimulates, from one side, a high level of loyal-dictate motivations and, from the other side, on a subconscious level it associates dictate with an essence generating a positive-hedonistic wealth for the suppressed. In that case, a military intervention on socium and consequently, on dictate is associatively invested in a direct threat to hedonism of the suppressed. It is true to greater extent with respect of sociums with more highly developed technology during military collisions with less developed sociums but experiencing a rise of ethnic determinants. A bright example is an offense of Japan on the USA. A similar direct appellation to hedonism of the suppressed with the aim of stimulation of participation in slaughter is possible under presence of both introspective, layer-dictate essences and objective-social ones, connected with technology, dictate, technics, and so on. The psychotype of the suppressed analyzed in previous chapters is composed namely of the structures of consciousness that allow effectively to use dictate instruments for aims of a military compulsion at the epoch. Hedonism of the suppressed being weak for generation of sublimated activations negative to dictate, nevertheless, is the main determinant of conscious activity, because the main sublimating structure --super-I -- of these individuals is underdeveloped and structure of I, determining a reflected-objective expediency of activity in the case of dictate external suppression helps positively to dictate purposes. The positiveness is facilitated by the fact mentioned above -- a reduction of direct contacts in mutual extermination. In a primitive consciousness, a missile bombardment is closer to natural calamities than to a concrete enemy, image of which is abstracted. A possibility of death from to significant extent abstracted enemy is also reflected in consciousness of the suppressed in an abstract-problematic way with an immanently low determination but a possibility of repression up to a violent death from hands of dictate conductors represents in their consciousness a quit concrete reflected essence that helps to hedonism in generation of positive-dictate activations. Weakly developed structures of super-I unable or near unable to generate sublimating actions of hedonism, nevertheless, preserve (although in a primitive way) a pure humane ability to assimilate dogmas, purposes, theories circulated in socium, an overwhelming majority of which represents loyal creative works of accompanyings also making their tribute in a military compulsion. Besides that, evolution of dictate leading to a hypertrophy of technical means, as a side effect, results in a hypertrophy of means of influence on super-I and not only using injections of conscious, logically shaped dogmas and notions. Very powerful influence on "subconscious" (Z. Freud. "I and It") structures of aesthetic, ethical, and so on kind is produced with cinema, music (with its means of dissemination: radio, tape-recorders), video, television, skilled means of public press, and so on.

An evolution of technology giving people powerful means of influence on nature and alien ethnoses and very strongly different by a level of development for sociums at various arias of the Earth (compare the USA and Bushmen or Indians of Amazon river (22) (22 -- It is namely the extreme cases most illustrative for the given statement.)) associatively introduces in consciousness of individuals of ethnoses-hegemons dogmas of ethnic, social, spiritual, and on the whole of a common-human supremacy, prevailing over less developed ethnoses. These ideas intensively stimulated by hierarchs and layers of suppression have a superficial but very attractive verisimilitude, since a look of civilization is well determined by technology. A reality of the statement is not analyzed here, since a contrast of it with the values of other evolution ways, for example, with an introspective-anthropocentric (that is characteristic of some stages of development , for example, in India) includes many aspects of various kinds. Nevertheless, an injection of these essences as of objective-dictate so of prostituted-ideological kinds (as of the whole creative work of accompanyings) generates in consciousness of individuals-soldiers the dogmas of inferiority, half-humanity of individuals of an opposing socium helping in this way to dictate in its compulsion to killing and often to genocide. It is more easy to kill an animal than a man. Ideological wars stand separately and are mainly initiated by extremist forms of dictate, whose analysis of military activity will be presented lower. Summarizing the mentioned above, it is possible to say that wars, as all essences of social being at epoch of existence of introspective forms of dictate, are determined by a combination of determining influences of objective and introspective character on layer-dictate stereotypes of consciousness; a functional interconnection of conscious potentials and behavior activity of individuals of dictate layers determined by the combination push the suppressed to participation in war, to extreme alienation of hedonism, to a possible violent death. The previous analysis is relevant to dictate evolution in sociums with a normal development corresponding to laws. Extremist forms of dictate -- shortliving dead-locks of evolution -- are based on a maximal high, all-around negative suppression regulating all aspects of socium and individual existence. So a high level of repression of spirit and action even during of one generation necessarily entails an introduction in a conscious continuum of essences and ideas justifying, applying an expediency, providing an objective teleology to extreme suppression. As natural determinants due to ontological objectivity are alienated from a dictate will, so the only and irreplaceable instrument of hierarchs of that form is an injection into consciousness of individuals the ideas of necessity of an ethnic opposition, of existence of aggressive ethnoses-antagonists and due to it a necessity of a military resistance. All examples of extremist forms of dictate presented in previous chapters: (?)Saudellers, Sicilian tyrants, Mazdakism, France at the end of XVIII - beginning of XIX c., fascism in Italy, fascism in Germany, China with Mao Tse-Tung, and so on -- illustrate the above made statement. War -is a necessary aspect, a necessary essence immanent in functioning of this dictate form and a war here is aggressive and connected with dictate expansion. Ideology as a basic foundation and a general social-dictate essence penetrating all aspects of suppression of the form and being contrasted with ideologies of other ethnoses due to its wretchedness and primitiveness can become also a dominating one in external ethnoses only under a violent, forced injection of it in conscious continuum of socium using state-dictate measures and instruments, among which a military aggression is one of the main means. An essence and a level of suppression in that form of dictate reach such intensity that war time does not introduce considerable variations in a structure of repressions of the suppressed. Variations of suppression have only a partial, concrete-dictate character and lack qualitative changes in comparison with peaceful periods.

Dictate and structures connected with war: foreign policy, diplomacy, intelligence departments, secret services Dictate evolution in its concrete-temporal realities also determines the aspects of state functioning connected with war and anticipating a war in a regular flow of social life. The separation of foreign policy and diplomacy in the heading is not occasional, although traditionally they are united in an organic essence. Foreign policy -- is an aspect of functioning with a specific direction of actions on external problems of hierarchs. As for diplomacy, it is an aspect of activity of conductors of dictate lacking their own teleology and as any action of conductors and executors it is completely determined by a will and interests of hierarchs and to great extent is combined with an activity of intelligence departments and secret services. External policy being a direct consequence of wars and activity of hierarchs is determined by the essence of dictate evolution, because categories, introspections and concretions of dictate in the first turn are reflected in consciousness (in hedonistic It) of hierarchs prompting their activity. External influences, activities of alien ethnoses affecting at the first glance a character of foreign policy in reality present only an external perturbation influencing formation of dictate, in the first turn, consciousness of hierarchs and in a reflected way through introspective determinants generate their response action realized in a social essence called by foreign policy. Going from that proposition, we will logically conclude that a character of foreign policy is directly determined by a level of a willed arbitrary rule inherent to a concrete form of dictate. As a level of a willed arbitrary rule is connected with a level of physical suppression (the statement is not true only of extreme forms of dictate) so an evolution of dictate, which laws determine complimentary levels of physical and introspective suppressions (23) (23 -- A reduction of physical suppression is connected with introduction in social life the essences that are determined by dictate with instruments of a positive hedonism, i.e., indirectly , in alienable way from a direct fulfillment of hierarch's will with a tendency of persuasion but not compulsion.), directly determines both an essence and concretions of foreign policy. Of course, concrete actions are influenced by particular factors such as: economy, technology, ethnogenesis, subjective reasons but a more thorough analysis shows that these essences either are directly determined by dictate or influence an essence of the aspect of socium under consideration indirectly through evolution of dictate, because they are its determinants. In a whole structure of external actions of dictate, a foreign policy represents an instrument of fulfilling of a hedonistic expansion similar to others (wars, initiation, inspiration of internal riots, inspiration of a negativedictate activity, direct terror, economic and other actions), due to which it either is connected with the aspects or includes them in a complex of its own concretions. Let us contemplate a character of dictate determination of foreign policy in its chronological evolution. Physical dictate of the epoch of appearance of stratified suppression structure is characterized by a direct external, physical suppression by a hierarch. A domination of his motivations, will directly determines social actions respective to external sociums. Claims of hierarchs for a wealth of external sociums: food, favorable area of inhabitancy, women, housing, and so on - are a motive basis for actions of foreign policy including a peaceful assimilation, violent capture, extermination of a part or all socium. A will, hedonism of hierarch here is the only determinant of social actions of external policy. Objective factors: natural conditions, reduction of available vital wealth, pressure of neighboring sociums, and so on -- are only external, consciouslyreflected factors influencing, deforming to one or another degree a basic structure of motivations generated by dominants of stereotype of psycho physiology

of hierarchs. Dictate acquires a stratified structure that determines a necessity of appearance of an introspective component of suppression in a whole continuum of repressive instruments of dictate. The basic instruments of introspective suppression use motivations of ethnic kind, categories of dictate as a commonsocial weal, and others described in the previous chapters. Dictate does not change its own tested instruments applying them to concrete tasks, since the instruments are based on stable, conservative structures of human consciousness; in other words, variations of suppression are always based on changes of consciousness structures that are hardly possible or with transformations of injected essences that represent a very long-lasting process. So a foreign policy, i.e., a complex of actions with respect to external sociums, is determined by the same essences of dictate and in a structure of introspective suppression it is used as a screen for hedonistic dominants of hierarchs. In other words, a structure of dictate indirectly through introspective essences of suppression determines as a character so an essence of foreign policy. Hedonistic claims of hierarchs shaped into a form of hedonistic expansion are enveloped in the cloths of ethnic opposition, antagonism of ethnoses, of objective supremacy of ontological, ethic and other categories of domestic ethnos over ethnoses-antagonists. These all are clothed into a formal will of hierarch associated (in consciousness of the suppressed) with a carrier of all above mentioned individual and social virtues. Here, a will (and eventually hedonism) of hierarchs and objective essences of dictate change their places in their cause-effect connection and a will becomes as if an expression, a concrete formation of social needs in given actions of external policy: inclusion into a socium composition, enslaving, extermination, peaceful relations and trade, and so on. As in the previous analyses, we have found here that external factors: natural, economic, ethnogenetic, an objective power of opposing ethnoses, i.e., a level of real threat to domestic dictate, technological one, and so on -- are in consciousness of hierarchs as the essences that only deform to one or another degree generations of psycho motivational stereotype of hierarchs. Even superficial accounts of history of antique Greece, Rome, Persia, Egypt present many arguments in favor of the statement and, that is the most important, give no negative examples opposing it that exhibits the strategic character of dictate determination of foreign policy. Even antique extremist forms of dictate, for example, Sicilian tyrannies present concretions of this dictate determination. At the same epoch, individuals appear from a layer of conductors having specific (in a sense of dictate functioning) professions -- diplomats and secret service men (24) (24 -- It is a generalized name as at various epochs they are called differently), whose activity is directly connected with various stages of war and whose status of hedonistic potentials and role and place in dictate hierarchy are also determined by an essence of dictate evolution. An evolution of these substructures of conductors has the so far reaching consequences in the following history and the so great influence on social concretions that it needs to have a special analysis. An influence of diplomats and secret service men is facilitated by the fact that these substructures fulfilling a secret external hedonistic expansion are interconnected with the instrument of direct expansion -with army. A direct relation of the substructures with external hedonistic expansion determines their attitude to war and army, to militaries that is differentiated according to a character of hedonism stimulation, participation in hedonistic continuum at various stages of war: a threshold, military actions, a stage preceding to victory or defeat. As at any other time and at any other form (including all the following) of dictate, this differentiation is determined by an objective necessity for dictate of a concrete activity of the given substructures of suppression conduction. A complication of versatile, many-sided relationships between an ever growing number of active ethnoses on historical stage demands a complication of

concretions of dictate expansion, an inclusion in their structure other instruments besides military ones. Even ethnoses-hegemon with expansive dictate could not fulfill successful actions of their influence spreading being opposed by united forces of others even less powerful ethnoses and formations of dictate. A threshold of wars and a peaceful time and a flow of wars unsuccessful for both sides that is accompanied by a reduction (compared to successful wars and a threshold of defeat) of meaning of direct instruments of dictate-hedonistic expansion -- of army and militaries -- are namely those periods of evolution, when a role of the substructure generally called by diplomacy is increased. Egypt, Hetaeras, Persia, Byzantinum, Arabs, European ethnoses at periods of peaceful (for themselves) expansion have reached not fewer successes in spreading of their influence than during military invasions. Dividing, playing off one against another, buying, using vile motives, natural, imposed, and so on features of psychotype of hierarchs and conductors of alien ethnoses, these substructures while providing non-military expansion of domestic form of dictate in this way rise social and dictate status of their individuals. In other cases, wars at the periods mentioned above with immanent prevailing of militaries (25) (25 -- Mutual ill success of wars exhibiting inability of militaries to solve dictate tasks of expansion, naturally, increase a role of diplomats.) sharply reduce a dictate necessity in diplomats and their participation in consumption of hedonistic wealth of dictate. According to an immanent-layer stereotype of psycho motivational dominants, it determines an attitude of these individuals of the substructure to wars , namely, a negative one. At the period under consideration, when dictate has all features of autocracy (of various kinds) or oligarchy, interests of dictate, more exactly, of hierarchs are directly reflected in a consciousness of the highest governor (he is also a hedonist hierarch). An interconnection of a stimulation in dependence on a necessity of militaries and diplomats is fulfilled concretely and is determined by a subject-hierarch. Since at that epoch the two instruments of expansion are united more often in the same individuals, i.e., a hedonistic stimulation is determined not by a particular success of one of the hypostasis but a final success, a result desired by hierarch, so an antagonism of hedonistic motivations (present in the case of division of diplomats and militaries) is absent. From the other side, a lack of antagonism and an integration of functions resulted in an individual (here, in the highest conductor) association of dictate expansion with an ethnic one and eventually with a person of the highest military, is a reason of a sharp growth of positive-hedonistic injections in consciousness of the suppressed connected with idealization of a warrior-winner. In its turn, at a presence in a structure of a military leader's psychotype of features of hierarch's psychotype and at a presence of passionarity, it results in dictate deformations and in change of hierarchs. There are ample examples in history of any ethnoses from China to South America. Another aspect of functioning of diplomats, determined by the evolving essence of dictate, is connected with creation of the situations, facts, events, initiation of activity of external sociums that introspectively justify in consciousness of the suppressed introspective activating (military) dominants. It may be a rejection of a peaceful agreement or prompting of aggression or some cruelty respective to domestic individuals, and so on: in any case an appearance of the functional aspect is determined by evolution of positive-hedonistic components, determining a dictate necessity in these introspective structures. Intelligence service at that epoch also acquires features of a stable, formed substructure of conduction, fulfillment of dictate. Professional secret service men informing on political, economical, social power of opposing ethnos were used as far bask as Egyptians of Ancient kingdom, Hetaeras and other ethnoses up to the branched intelligence services of Persians and Romans. There is an obvious connection of the structure with military structures of suppression, since a possibility of realization of expansive tendencies of dictate is determined by a

knowledge of real power of an ethnos-antagonist, its strong and weak sides, relations with neighbors, by an internal agreement and efficiency of suppression, i.e., of all those aspects of social being that show a viability and a level of resistance to the opposing dictate form. This basic function of intelligence service determines its attitude to war and military structures. Just as with diplomats at that epoch, with beginning of a war having at that period a character of a direct slaughter, an intelligence service loses its importance, since it is left only as a tactical military intelligence influencing some concretions of war (not always); correspondingly, a hedonistic stimulation of its individuals is reduced. A threshold of war, a tension of waiting is the most desirable period for intelligence service, since the most important vital tasks of dictate can be solved only on a basis of information from organs of intelligence service that increases dictate and hedonistic status of the layer individuals. At the epoch under consideration, decisions of hierarchs and military conflicts to very small extent were based on data of intelligence service, since a result of war was often hinged on occasional, particular facts and could be extrapolated on a basis of objective data with a very small reliability. War at the epoch was not an undertaking but a venture and as in any venture its yield was determined by quit particular, often subjective or natural factors. The next epoch -- is a concluding stage of evolution of introspectivephysical form of dictate with prevailing of imposed-introspective forms of suppression. The epoch is characterized by aggravation of wars, appearance of various its gradations, aggravation of ethnic and ideological (religious) collisions. All the factors accompanying dictate evolution are directly connected and determine the substructures, essences under consideration. Foreign policy -- as an aspect and an instrument of external expansion determined by dictate's needs, at the epoch loses features of consciously reflected hedonistic dominant of hierarchs. Expansive dominants of hierarchs due to an influence (indirectly through consciousness of individuals of socium) of laws of dictate evolution, in particular, to a growth of a positive-introspective component of suppression, with necessity are enveloped in the clothes of categories and dogmas connected with common-social weal, ontological and ethic virtues (26) (26 -- Of those of them that at a given moment are injected into consciousness of the suppressed.) with dominating religiousmystical dogmas, with primitive-hedonistic dominants of consciousness of the suppressed of domestic socium (often in a covered, indirect way). Non-military annexes of territory of alien sociums, ethnic and ideological assimilation, initiation of negative-dictate actions in alien sociums and other external political actions at the epoch are conducted under a banner of missionary of the essences discussed above. An imposition of Christianity by Byzantinum empire among south Slovaks is conducted under a sign of carrying of high dogmas in consciousness of these ethnoses covering tendencies of a non-military assimilation; an initiation of disobedience and a support of vassals against seniors (i.e., hierarchs) was also justified using the above mentioned arsenal, and so on. Injected essences while clothing expansive motivations of hierarchs in hypostasis of foreign policy are supplemented by functional actions of structures of state power that are officially autonomous from an autocrat's will: parliaments, cortexes, Soviets of all kinds, Duma, legislative structures, and so on. As in the general case (of suppression), this screen is very flexibly and obediently reacts according to hierarch's will, since it is formed of conductors and accompanyings and the levers of influence on dominants of consciousness of the layer individuals having immanent hedonistic prevailing are in hands of hierarchs. That is why the conquest and expedition of Ermak, and impositions of Christianity, Islam or Buddhism have been always accompanied and are accompanied now by approval of the actions, crowned additionally by applied virtues from a setting mentioned above. All these screens cover willed actions of hierarchs with an addition (reflected-consciously, indirectly through I) of influence of formed at that epoch

the highest layers of dictate: conductors and accompanyings. A gigantic, allaround growth of social influence of mystic-religious ideas of monotheistic teachings, their transformation into out-of-state, cosmopolitan forms of dictate and their adjoining to state dictate resulted in deformations of willed actions of heirarchs (in a form of foreign policy) according to interests of namely this super-ethnic form of dictate. A superposition of expansive motivations of the form of dictate existing at the epoch in an organic symbiosis, accounting for that monotheism becomes a basic declared ideology of socium, besides deformations of hierarchs' motivations (27) (27 -- It is often not deformations but a unification of motivations and actions) results in intensification of grounds, justifications of external political actions in consciousness of the suppressed, who in any case carry on their shoulders the burdens connected with them. At the epoch under consideration, a military aggression remaining an organic component of foreign policy from the main instrument of expansion becomes by one of many along with ideological, trade, ethnic, and so on expansion. A complication of relations between states, ethnoses, ideologies, i.e., a complication of foreign policy, of its tasks, methods and instruments determined by dictate evolution entails a structural formation of socium and dictate as a whole and the substructures of a layer of conductors, in particular. Diplomacy from a hypostasis of activity of the highest generals is transformed evolutively into a specific section of activity of professionals from conductors, who in a cause of time emanate in a special substructure with its own teleology, interests, an attitude to dictate and a place in dictate hierarchy. A division of functions determines a division, differentiation of hedonistic potentials, as in dictate as a whole. Since a diplomat type corresponds to a stereotype of conductors (or accompanyings), i.e., a level of hedonistic stimulation determines a power of motivations of self-assigning and so, an efficiency of their functioning (of a component of functioning of dictate as a whole), so dictate evolution as the strategic process determines as their loyalty so passionarity. So far as war is a periodic component of historic being, an immanent consequence of dictate necessities and an instrument of their solution, and since activity of diplomats is the most intensive at some stages (on a threshold of war, during war and immediately after it) and to great extent is determined by military necessities, so an interconnection of military and diplomatic substructures of conduction in the process of evolution present an undoubted interest, especially accounting for the fact that a raw of essences of that kind has gotten a great meaning in the following dictate evolution. At periods of direct military conflicts accompanying at that stage of history by direct contacts of a big mass of warriors (28) (28 -- At that epoch in lack of obligatory conscription, it is composed of a number of passionary producers, i.e., volunteers having hedonistic dominants.) largely professing a moral of hirelings, controlling of whom to a great extent is conditioned by a successful flow of war, an activity of diplomats directed on a centralized regulation of interstate collisions has a minimal efficiency. The second, not less important reason of a reduction of dictate necessity and so of dictate status of diplomat is an appearance and development in a structure of introspective continuum of socium of significant components connected with layer-egocentric teleology of warrior-hirelings, who very often are cosmopolites. Swiss, German, Bulgarians, Alans, and so on present historical examples of hereditary, permanent-chronological argumentation of the statement. A reduction of functional-social necessity of diplomats during war together with a layer-stereotype hedonistic determination of their basic individual motivations determines their negative attitude to war, especially at a balanced its flow without a weighty predominance of one of the sides, -- the most desirable phase for standing opposite warriors-hirelings. A threshold of defeat or victory provides diplomats with a possibility to assume a role of savers of state or to

pump out as much as possible from victory. In the first case while exhausting possibilities of solution of dictate tasks using military instruments, dictate (hierarchs) resorts to a help of other substructures of conduction securing external expansion, in particular, to diplomats and secret services (29) (29 -History presents many examples, when lost wars have been win by efforts of these structures but only at that epoch.) increasing respectively a level of their dictate-expedient functioning and so of hedonistic stimulation. The higher level of stimulation of the structures, the higher efficiency of their functioning up to exhibition of loyal passionarity of a high tension, since hierarchs have cardinal objective possibilities to influence these individual essences of diplomats: concentrated in their hands hedonistic wealth and the stereotype of motivations of layer of conductors. In the second case (victory in a war), as far as a mass genocide of defeated at that epoch in purposeless and dictate expansion has an aim to seizure of different hedonistic wealth, diplomats come forward as an instrument for fixing results of successful war, prolonging an expansion and creation of conditions preventing possible ethnic actions negative to dictate. An evolution of dictate form (30) (30 -- Being cyclic at epoch of civilization) connected with an increase of external-physical suppression reflects, more exactly, deforms this interrelation, a dictate dependence of militaries and diplomats. At the stages of evolution following ethnos blossoming (stagnation, obscuration, disintegration), dictate experiences a necessity in expansive wars, although there is usually a significant volume of hedonistic wealth produced or seized at previous stages of evolution by highly passionate individuals, i.e., there are no objectivehedonistic determinations for war unleashing or they are reduced. Determinants are left (as shown at the beginning of section) connected with a necessity of internal suppression. In that case, diplomatic settling of military conflicts does not correspond to the essence of dictate tasks that are solved using aggressive wars. Due to it, the center of gravity of dictate stimulation is shifted to the side of militaries-professionals. The closer a form of dictate to disintegration, the higher dictate meaning of militaries and the lower of diplomats. Secret services, officially destined to external intelligence, at epoch of dictate forms of civilization with a growth of introspection of suppression are also transformed into an autonomous substructure of suppression with their own teleology (not always adequate to a dictate's one), with ethics and methods that in several cases even written in concrete codes (code of Loyol(?), samurai code of regulations of Bushido). A complication of interrelations between sociums, of interests of opposing sociums (of dictate) and external, subjective claims of hierarchs results in a situation, when there is a necessity in information on conditions of external factors for concrete action of dictate and later on an infrastructure of domestic socium provided by secret services. That dependence being strategically determined by the same factors that the evolution of dictate as a whole: by technology, ethnogenesis, and directly by dictate essences -- results in an arise, evolving increase of status (social, dictate, common-ethical) of individuals of the substructure from contemptible and exterminated without trial up to a knight, a super-man-protector of interests, ideals and virtues of socium. A promotion of all aspects of human status as a dictate's one stimulated by hierarchs so a social to great extent confirmed by accompanyings (due to prostitution of their actions) and an immanent hiding, secrecy of their actions lead to several consequences that are important as for militaries and wars so to dictate. The first and an obvious consequence -- is a possibility to manipulate by actions of hierarchs and not only respective to external expansions but with applications to tasks of dictate suppression of domestic socium using information -- indirect reflections in I of hierarchs of an objective reality. As far as the same function -- an information -- is also provided by militaries and diplomats, so with division of functions always connected with hedonistic differentiation there is also a competition of the substructures for

hedonistic prevailing that in turn determines an appearance and evolution of their own, substructuraly-oriented teleology having motivational dominants identical to teleology of military and diplomatic substructures. This teleology in its basement is oriented on prevailing of their functional meaning in eyes of hierarch and so on hedonistic prevailing in dictate hierarchy. Namely this tendency, being a dominating one in teleology of the given substructure, having hidden from a control of hierarchs (in distinction, say, from militaries) instruments and means, lead to a situation, when the highest executors of the structure influencing hierarchs by a real and inspirited information initiate in their consciousness the ideas, reflections of an objective world that facilitate a realization of the aiming objects of their own teleology. At presence of some objective-subjective circumstances, it eases joining of leaders of secret services to prerogatives of hierarchs. The joint of at least the highest executors may be made preserving their level of functioning in structures of conduction ("gray cardinal" , Fouche, and so on) or at extremist forms of dictate may cause structural deformations (Fouquier-Tinville, Lin-Biao). Besides an influence on hierarchs' activations, secret services with enlarging of their status and material possibilities can conduct their own line of external expansion and internal suppression -- completely or partly alienated from dictate teleology and official-state means of suppression. An appearance of the essence in a continuum of dictate means at that epoch is helped by the fact that these services are present in socium in a single number, i.e., there is an absence of a permanent control from the side of competing (in eyes of hierarchs) structures. At early stages of evolution of dictate form, with presence of efficient traditional means of suppression, high level of positive-dictate loyalty, reduced tendency to external expansion, i.e., when military actions to significant degree are of a defense kind, the dictate needs in external and socially-introspective functions of secret services is respectively reduced. It is compensated by a military state power based on a high passionarity of warriors (31) (31 -- In spite of evolution of technology including weapon, wars preserve an initial character -- a direct opposition in fight with all entailing (for dictate) consequences.), securing a solution of external tasks of dictate and an efficient suppression inside own socium. Secret services here are restricted in their functioning by fulfillment of direct tasks conditioned by their substructurelayer teleology. A further evolution of dictate with its immanent features: reduction of efficiency of suppression, expansive wars, intensification of hedonistic component in socium, and so on -- causally determines as a compensation of the essences an intensification of meaning of secret services, of the two aspects of their functioning as internal so external. A reduction of passionarity of army, its military power, i.e., eventually of an ability to solve expansive tasks of dictate, is compensated by various actions of intelligence service, terror, corruption and demoralization of conductors of an opposing socium. The same things happen with respect to internal suppression. A fulfillment of these functions not packing up completely in a frame of declared ethics, moral, ideology of concrete forms of dictate (except extremist ones) and due to it requiring a secrecy, in its turn requires an enlargement of objective possibilities of the structure including material, staff, administrative aspects. Due to secrecy of operation of these dictate instruments, not only realization of the first two aspects (see above) is increased but also a possibility of allaround influence on individuals of all layers including the highest conductors and hierarchs. The higher level of evolution of a positive-hedonistic suppression, the stronger the influence. A control can be fulfilled as by employing information so directly using spiritual and physical repressions. Naturally, the above mentioned interconnection of secret services and militaries in realizations of all aspects of suppression determines their relationships, a complex of motivations connected with hedonistic competition, in

which militaries have means of direct suppression -- wars, weapon, and social status of socium defenders but secret services have their own immanent instruments deprived an aureole of social virtues but not less powerful. The picture changes sharply at appearance of extremist forms of dictate. A declared ideology, while being an everywhere piercing basement of the dictate form and driven into consciousness of the suppressed by all means, should preserve a reflected-conscious, lily-like whiteness of virgin that with an extreme level of repression entails a hypertrophy of functions and so a status -- as a dictatesocial so a hedonistic one -- of secret services. Officially, the services become a basement of dictate and are attached to its hierarchs. In a primitive way, it has happened at the epoch of Savonarola and in an official form, for example, during governing of Robespierre. Not only fulfilling the functions described above but assuming a role of adepts and keepers of purity of ideas (with their prostituted-egalitarian , i.e., carrying in it features of social weal, basis), the secret services applied, assumed a status of keepers and defenders of ideological dogmas and so of social virtues and others corresponding to them. Namely that screen of faith-keepers provides secret services with a possibility of powerful repressions of an out-ofstate, out-of-law character and correspondingly a possibility of appropriation of hedonistic prerogatives, since at some level of secret service development in extreme forms nobody is safe from their arbitrary rule in suppression -- from producers to hierarchs. History of France at the end of XVIII c. and the period of Paris Commune gives an example maintaining the statement. Respective to external aspects of functioning, secret services of that dictate form apply the same extreme means as to internal tasks: direct terror, inspiration and organization of riots, support of negative to dictate groups, and so on. A basis, a justification and a moral-ideological foundation of the secret expansion are the same basic introspective essence -- assuming of a role of adepts, defenders and missionaries of social and human virtues embodied in an ideology of extremism. Another aspect of external-expansive activity of secret services is recruiting of individuals and moving them along of social ladder up to high layers of hierarchy. Summarizing, we have come to conclusion that the essence and the character of activity of secret services of extremist forms completely, as in other cases, is determined by an essence and a form of dictate, by its external and introspective components. A role of diplomats in an extremist form of dictate is cut down to a subordinated duplication of some functions of secret services and to direct fulfillment of actions of non-military expansion according to hierarchs' will. An example is the activity of French diplomacy at the end of XVIII - beginning of XIX c., i.e., at epoch of existence of extremist dictate form. A humility of diplomacy with its extrovert teleology oriented on influencing an introspection of domestic and alien sociums in a positive-hedonistic way, is directly connected with a big reduction of positive-hedonistic aspects of suppression that is in principle inherent to that form of dictate. So the foreign policy represents a direct reflection of characteristic features of the dictate form: of a refined all-roundness of external-physical suppression and corresponding dictate structures, and so on. These features pass into foreign policy being a reflection of external aspects of suppression. A direct expansion with application of military force in combination with a permanent, refined, conducted on a gigantic scale external (with respect to domestic socium) activity of secret services and humility, narrow-pragmatic Jesuiticy of diplomacy, destined only to white-wash the expansion in eyes of individuals of socium -- these are the very features of foreign policy that are characteristic of extremism and are always present in a foreign policy of extremism. Alike an internal social activity of the form, its expansive, dictatenecessitated aggressiveness is enveloped in the cloths of social, to one or another degree common, weal being necessary for introduction into social life of

neighboring sociums. As in the case of internal suppression, a miserableprostituted egalitarianism of the dogmas gets a state domination in external sociums not due to power of their ideas, characterized by self-injections and applications, but due to external, forced compulsion to their profession. A joint presence and mutual influence of the pointed substructures of suppression in the given form of dictate correspond to that aim. A military component and secret services of the form always represent the main force inside socium. They assume the major part of hedonistic rights and they usually form a layer of hierarchs. A main competition for hedonistic prevailing is developed between them. However, to say a truth, the competition never takes a form of a struggle to death, as the two substructures are a basic foundation of a principle necessity to the given dictate form and an extermination of one of them is adequate to disintegration of the form as a whole. Diplomacy is taken into account only slightly in conduction of the internal war for hedonistic prevailing and only to the extent, to which it can be prostituted by one of the sides for it own aims in the struggle. An epoch of transition to post civilization has come and there are many new features, more exactly, hypertrophied old features resulted in basic changes in the considered essences. Wars became total by the number of participating states and regions of military actions. Military aspects of technology and those of secret services got a gigantic development. Extremist forms of dictate become more frequent as chronologically so regionally. A high level of evolution of positive-hedonistic suppression determines a growth of ideology involvement in wars and in state formation of dictate and, as a consequence, in suppression, in its substructures of external and internal orientation -- secret services and diplomacy, in their introspective, oriented on injection into consciousness of the suppressed an ideological screen, a justification. The positive introspection of suppression, a powerful positive-hedonistic basis of dictate analyzed in the previous chapters implies a qualitative reduction of its objective aspects as of external so of internal kinds. Yet, a necessity of external suppression in some cases as, for example, during wars, at intensive penetration of powerful secret services of extremism with an inherent to them swing of external actions, may be reduced but if so not to such extent (compared to the previous forms of dictate) as to be transformed into a social-dictate atavism. An intensification of external suppression with immanent cruelties being reflected in I and super-I results in the essences that reduce and level a domination of positive-dictate essences of consciousness, i.e., a possibility of a direct physical suppression, directly connected with suppression efficiency, is very restricted. These possibilities are restricted compared to other forms of dictate even regarding a military expansion and, excluding defense wars, are possible only in a presence of powerful ideas and grounds justifying their necessity. In the opposite case, they become a reason of a sharp decrease of efficiency of suppression, i.e., eventually of vital activity of dictate form as a whole -- up to its collapse. Examples are: the France-German war at the end of XIX c. resulted in Commune, the First World War with respect to Germany and separately to Russia, the war of the USA in Vietnam, and so on. This situation conditions the very meaning that is acquired by secret services and diplomacy that are working together in activation of external-social teleology of dictate and in that organic symbiosis are pushing aside military structures in their traditional hedonistic domination in composition of dictate layer of suppression conductors. The same reason accounts for a qualitative jump in the status and a change of its position in eyes of suppressed layers and hierarchs. A part of a necessary to dictate physical suppression is fulfilled by secret services with or without a state penitential system. For that aim secret services, in order not to turn themselves in eyes of suppressed individuals into a scarecrow (alike Gestapo or tonton-macoute of extremism) of antisocial kind and into an additional reason of reduction of positive loyalty, have to find a new hypostasis,

new ideological clothes and dogmas connected with categories of social weal and social virtues associated in consciousness of the suppressed with these services. Examples are: status (social and dictate) of gendarmes and in comparison with it of an army in Russia in the middle of XIX c. and at the beginning of XX c, intelligence service in Britain and the USA in XVIII and XX c. The second cardinal determinant of a progressive growth of dictate status of these services is connected with evolution of technology and its direct and indirect dictate consequences. An evolution of technology was different in various states that due to its explosion-like development at the epoch had sharply restricted economy, production, armament not only of lagging behind sociums, mainly out of Europe, in contrast to stormy evolving sociums of West Europe and North America but also of these logically evolving state forms of dictate. In turn , it is reflected as on differentiation of stages of evolution of the sociums so on corresponding to them tendencies, tasks, objective and introspective essences of dictate concretions that condition an intensification of competition between dictates. In the competition, an information on conditions of economy and technics (a component of technology) may be not less decisive than a power of the dictate concretion, since at a given stage, as shown above, an ethnic and dictate loyal passionarity of soldiers plays a less important role compared to a level of technology and a military one in particular. Examples are: wars of the USA and Spain, Great Britain and Argentine (the Malvinas conflict), the USA and Japan in the Second World War), and so on. From the other side, in addition to information the secret services using their instruments of functioning: terror, blackmail, scientific and technical spying, and so on -- can secure leveling of technological lagging behind, which is pregnant with military and dictate catastrophes. Examples are: a provision of the USSR with technology of atomic weapon production, a purchase of Chilean battleships by Japan before Russian-Japanese war, organization of disorders and sabotage at basic enterprises, for example, in docks of New-York at the beginning of the Second World war, and so on. There are plenty of examples in the XX c., as the history of that century -- is a history of fight of secret services of advanced states. Such a hypertrophy of functions and of a level of their necessity for dictate in provision of its vital ability as inside socium so in external expansion implies a hedonistic stimulation, a rise of dictate-social status and confer to them a lawful (open) and out-of-law (hidden) possibilities of repressive activations and an application to their actions, in spite of their cruelty and expediency, a status of common necessity and virtue. The situation could lead to a total universalization of their influence on socium, its functioning and, the most important, on distribution of hedonistic wealth. It is paradoxical but in logically evolving forms of dictate (non-extremist), an introspective foundation and essence of suppression, entailing a necessity and hypertrophy of activity of secret services, determine also restrictions (objective and subjective) preventing a totality of social prevailing of secret services and preserving layers of dictate form, which are necessary for its existence and functional efficiency. Any screens of a social weal and social virtues, hiding a real essence of secret services, are very primitive ideological structures speculating on immanent human categories of ethics, ideology, and so on injected exclusively in super-I by means and methods generated by a layer of prostituted (here, directly by secret services) accompanyings. As in any case, activations of the major part of the suppressed having an immanently weakly developed super-I are determined mainly by I and It. In other words, a high level of repressions conducted by secret services sufficiently soon results in powerful negative motivations and activations determined by hedonism. It comes in direct antagonism with the very essence of a given dictate form concentrated in a corresponding ideology, state institutes, legislative norms and possibilities of out-of-law arbitrary rule and eventually with combination of interconnected notions, motivations and activations of individuals comprising a

dictate layer and possessing immanent hedonistic prerogatives. All that to some or other degree harmonic (depending on efficiency of suppression, i.e., stage of dictate evolution) combination of introspective and objective essences formed by the layer structure is an objective barrier based on a necessity of stimulation (regular) positive-loyal hedonism of the suppressed that puts an obstacle in the way of evolving social domination of secret services. However, this is true only of sociums having an advanced dictate evolution and being non-extremist in their essence. In states of South America, Asia, Africa and in extreme forms (becoming more frequent at the epoch of transition to postcivilization) the picture is different but it also in principle is determined as by an evolution of domestic dictate so by an influence of more advanced sociums. Sociums occupying lower steps of dictate evolution at that epoch experience an intensive pressure from alien sociums, mainly of the sociums with more developed dictate structures; the pressure is not only military but also economic, technologic, and so on. The pressure as any external perturbation (32) (32 -- Complicated here by a formed opposition of two giants that has acquired features of not only a state but of ideological competition resulted in an increase of pressure on them from two sides.) induces deformations of dictate structures to the side of formation of bureaucratic autocracies of various kinds: from pseudo-democratic parliaments to direct dictatorships of the most primitive type. An existence of such dictatorships is impossible without a presence in dictate structure of powerful structures of suppression as direct (military structures) so secret (secret services) with a hypertrophy of internal aspect of their functioning, since a resistance to external perturbation is impossible due to a difference in development of dictate technology. So there are no restricting essences of dictate kind discussed above. Moreover, dictate (hierarchs) is directly interested in an unlimited growth of secret service activity, since namely functioning of the substructures allows dictate to exist separately in a surrounding of more powerful sociums (having more developed dictate forms). A lower level of technology evolution in these sociums conditions a presence of a less volume of hedonistic wealth compared to advanced forms of dictate. As in other cases, a reduction of volume of hedonistic wealth is immanently connected with a growth of differentiation, redistribution of the wealth between layers and individuals of socium. Under conditions of authoritarian dictatorship (the mostly abundant form of dictate in weakly developed sociums), the redistribution results in such monstrous differentiation of hedonistic possibilities of the highest layers and producers that none of direct, state-legislative structures could withstand a pressure of social continuum of negative-dictate motivations and actions. Only a hypertrophy of secret services, a hypertrophy of their dictate functions (and causally connected with it a hypertrophy of hedonistic stimulation) gives to dictate a possibility for some period to resist the pressure of negative-dictate essences. Due to the role, secret services in these dictatorships are transformed into one of the most important forces of socium that influences and often directly forms a dictate structure up to hierarchs. There is another difference in functioning of secret services of advanced and lagged behind forms of dictate that is determined as all other essences by dictate evolution. Due to the mentioned reasons, a center of gravity in functional activity of secret services of advanced forms is moved to external political actions and in weakly developed -- on internal social needs. A character of external policy varies respectively. Policy of advanced sociums has strategic tasks connected with various kinds of expansion: ecological, dictate, military, political, and so on. Policy of weakly developed sociums is oriented on solution of particular, narrow-pragmatic tasks relevant to internal problems and connected with them that in turn determines a corresponding status of diplomacy and mutual relations of all these dictate essences and structures. A foreign policy of advanced forms of dictate, its non-military aspects realized by diplomats and secret services prevail over external expansion,

activity of militaries, and the prevailing is determined by the very essence of introspective dictate form. The prevailing also entails an appearance of collisions between diplomacy and secret services. As secret services in that conflict have specific means of struggle, so diplomacy acquires similar instruments and functional structures. The functional uniformity of infra-dictate teleology of military structures and secret services with respect to external social tasks of dictate and a lack of collisions connected with them regarding internal tasks of suppression, due to alienation of militaries from an internal social suppression result in a reduction of their competition in eyes of hierarchs and correspondingly make close a level of hedonistic stimulation. The two substructures of state power are united in functional teleology adequate to a necessary to dictate stereotype of teleology of the layer and motivations of individuals composing it. A reverse picture is observed in weak forms of dictate. Army to great extent alienated from solution of external social expansion tasks of dictate together with secret services is oriented on solution of tasks of internal suppression, i.e., on the basic tasks of any form of dictate. That joint existence entails a functional and hedonistic competition of the substructures depending on concretesocial and dictate circumstances (subjective and objective ones) resulted in prevailing either one or another side. Examples are: military regimes of Africa, South America, Iran at epoch of Reza-shah, regime of Devalue and those similar to it. Extreme forms of dictate at epoch of transition to postcivilization while being more frequent and having all aspects of extremist suppression (determined by evolution of technology and dictate) preserve all cardinal essences and with respect of the considered substructures of suppression -- of secret service and diplomacy. In essence, gray caftans of Mazdak by their teleology, actions has a small difference with hangmen of Fouquier-Tinville, who in turn are identical to Gestapo and hangmen of Pol-Pot (33) (33 -- A difference is only in particularities, concrete methods and scale). Let us consider another aspect resulted from the previous analysis of dictate determination of wars and accompanying structures. Technology as a basic, universal-chronological determinant of evolution of dictate and so of a character of wars and structures securing them is a result of creative works of the only layer of socium that is alienated from direct dictate self-assigning and teleology -- contradictate passionaries. Besides indirect-dictate determination of an essence of wars, technology directly determines a character, a swing, concretions of wars. From one side, creative work of contradictate passionaries although distantly-prolongly in time gives birth to growing nightmares of wars and activity of secret services (that is sometimes not less terrible than wars). From the other side, due to stereotype of psycho motivations and creative work, it is directed antagonistically to concrete-temporal interests of dictate. Its orientation is not negative to dictate, i.e., against concretions of dictate in egoistic-hedonistic tendency but contradictate, i.e., against basic interests of suppression, -- due to their social psycho stereotype teleology. This paradoxical collision of contradictate passionarities also arises due to the essence of structure and evolution of dictate and to stereotypes of psychophysiology of individuals composing dictate layers. A creative passionarity of contradictate persons in the main, basic structure of their psycho stereotype determining their vital activity is not tied to interests of dictate and is nonadapted to them. Their creative work is a spontaneous and an immanent feature of their life as a whole and being not assimilated by other layers realizing dictate functions it could not be a basement for development of institutes and instruments of suppression including military and secret services. Persons alienated from the layer having a creative potential and passionary accompanyings and producers adopt the results of creative works to socium and dictate needs transforming them into means of physical extermination, influence on various structures of consciousness to inject loyal dogmas and categories, and so

on. A progressive evolution of this adaptation leads to a qualitative jump in a swing, volume and totality of wars transforming them into a mass slaughter without sense and aim (for sociums). The realities of wars reflected in consciousness (in I and super-I) of contradictate passionaries, in spite of generation of negative essences, cannot stop a further creative sublimation of their super-powerful hedonism, i.e., acts of creation that ground new stages of evolution of wars and distraction weapons. That flow of evolution could have a rather tragic termination for the global socium, if there were not the strategic essence of dictate evolution with the tendency of positive-loyal hedonism discussed above. Sociums lacking restricting the process essences of an objective-dictate kind (for example, extremist forms of dictate) are deprived, due to the above mentioned process, an objective possibility to acquire a military prevailing and due to it to violate a regular flow of dictate evolution on the global scale for the following reason. Extremism, in distinction from regular forms of dictate, due to a tough dogmatism of ideology is intolerable in principle to a presence in socium structure of necessary, although unpleasant to hierarchs contradictate passionaries, who are either exterminated or in the best case are subject to ostracism. Suffice it to recollect examples from history: Napoleon and Fulton, Hitler and atomic bomb, Italy and Fermi, and an expulsion by these dictators of all minds, whose application could profoundly change the history. However, their deeds are not occasional. They are only concretions of a regulation stemming from dictate evolution, from psycho physiology of individuals of its layer structure. The same conclusion may be used as a summary of the section: wars, in spite of their unpredictability and superficial spontaneity, are a direct consequence of objective essences of dictate evolution and an immanent component of global socium. Chapter 7 Dictate and economy Economy: direct and indirect dictate determinations, introspection and objectivities Material production with all its components: technical, industrial-administrative, exchange of goods, state-legislative formation -- is an aspect of creation of hedonistic wealth of socium, which volume and differentiation of distribution characterize every concrete form of dictate. Preceding of production to other aspects of socium functioning may be used as a basic idea of economic determination of the historic process and there are sufficiently many such theories. The question as itself on primary of social essences, proper to antique philosophy, is quit scholastic and has a weak interconnection with the analysis of objective determinants. Yet, in any case it is proper to remind the fact mentioned before in previous chapters that there is a presence of hierarchic structures with differentiated hedonism in all sociums of mummals having a flock existence and in human socium even at the epochs, when there was no common production at all. Economy just as other social essences except a category of dictate cannot account, that is of principle importance, for many historic and social events. For example, why do millions of people sacrifice their lives in military slaughters getting nothing back; why do powerful economically developed ethnoses all of a sudden instantly disintegrate under a pressure of dirty mops of barbarians; why do gigantic migrations suddenly occur -- not of nomads or cattle-breeders, i.e., without visible objective reasons; why do sociums living under the same geoclimatic conditions for the same period pass very different stages of evolution, and so on. The questions that can be readily accounted for using strategy of dictate evolution have no answers, when the history determination is looked for in laws of economy. The second important aspect consists in the fact that a concrete production is

fulfilled by one group of people while progress, technical evolution is a result of activity of others and besides that there is a huge amount of a third group having nothing in common with production except an allowed level of consumption: state apparatus, servicemen of cult, army, actors and painters, prostitutes (1) (1 -- In all forms of dictate, they comprise a noticeable part of population), individuals of cognition, and so on. Besides that, in some forms of dictate the right of hedonistic wealth redistribution and right on application of means of compulsion are in hands of individuals having no relations with economy except consumption: soldier's emperors in Rome, Mamelukes sultans, (?)Saudelers, Mazdakits, Savonatola, fascist leaders, Jenghiz Khan, and so on. Moreover, in some out-of-state sociums that have influenced a flow of history, a row of the most important aspects of economy was absent at all: ismailian, pirates and gangs of robbers, Hansa, some monk's and knight's orders, Christianity at epoch of its appearance, and so on. The third aspect -- is a creative work and creative individuals, in essence a fluctuation of mind that makes a foundation of technology and correspondingly determines directly and indirectly economy. This aspect being a causal determinant of economy does not depend on it, since creating individuals in their vital motivations are alienated from economy and in the cases when they are dependent they causally incapable to realize their teleology. It is possible to present some more cardinal essences that in no way are determined by economy, for example, all or almost all aspects of ethnogenesis, however the facts presented above give a basis to conclude that economy is a social element that in all aspects dependents on other social-strategic and individually-psychological reasons determining all aspects of socium functioning. It is appropriate to recollect a trivial, at the first glance, and a demanding no argumentation statement that economy is a result of activity of people, who to one or another degree are consolidated in groups for production and exchange of material wealth. Very often, the statement is pushed as if aside in attempts to derive some objective laws of economy alienated from an essence of individual, its motivations, psychology, physiology, actions. A concrete production as an act of creation of material objects is not anything more as an arithmetic sum of creative actions of individuals comprising a production collective. An individual attitude, a motivated desire of perfection of individual skill, a diligence in labor and other individual aspects relevant to a concrete productive activity and to accompanying aspects of economy -- even at a glance are the features of psycho motivational structures of consciousness. Accounting for the factor that economy either in productive, or in accompanying (trade, finances, and so on) or in consumption relations encompasses socium on the whole and as any social essence, in a differentiated way, we inevitably come to conclusion on a presence of undoubted connection between a dictate (the determinant) and its external factors (indirect determinants) and economy (a product). The connection confirms that economy in its essence is a social concretion of a process of production and redistribution of a part of dictate-social continuum of hedonistic wealth (2) (2 -- Another part of the wealth -- is a non-economic production: sex, defense, individual services, alienation from wars and labor, and so on.). Since the main instruments and essences of dictate (of suppression) are directed namely at redistribution, i.e., at alienation of hedonistic wealth from producers, so a causal determination of economy by dictate evolution becomes evident. A direct confirmation of dictate determination of an essence and teleology of economy is that with a growth of production all the wealth allowable for alienation without murdering of producers is used for hedonistic purposes of hierarchs and concretions of suppression. Temples, castles, pyramids, harems, wars, servants of cult, decorations and entertainments -- that are the things, on which the produced wealth is spent, i.e., in full accord with introspective hedonism of dictate basis but not according to certain "economic" laws. Anticipating an argumentation and analysis of the dictate determination, let us introduce particular determinations including some usual essences but in a

different treatment. Economy is subdivided into proper production and exchange of goods with financial system. Production is divided into means of production, producers, an apparatus of compulsion to production. Let us consider them separately. Means of production are a result of activity of producers plus materialized essences from "nous-sphere" (after Vernadsky(?)) comprising an idea of the mean. A gigantic complication of means of production and due to it a reduction of level and meaning of activity of producers increase cardinally (in a social aspect as well) a meaning of ideas and thoughts comprising a basement of the tools and a pragmatic design of the ideas. Such is a total historical process that has started from yoke, plough, ax and has come to a menless production factories of nowadays. It has a basic tendency to a growth of a role and a meaning of activity and, naturally, potentials of contradictate passionaries (creators of the ideas) and accompanyings, more exactly, investitures from accompanyings into layer of producers (creators of concretions and pragmatic realizers). So production is not a result of activity of only producers but is a consequence of an organic complexion of potentials, motivations and activity of all layers that are suppressed in dictate structure. In that treatment, it is logical to introduce a concept of evolutive (determined by evolution) motivation of production, i. e., a category determining a level of positive-hedonistic (or other) motivation of self-assigning of individuals of the layers to production depending on social and dictate evolution. Productive passionarity -- is an introspective-conscious superposition of motivations of a psychotype and external injected conscious essences that determine a level of individual productive activity. Production component -- is a sum of psychic and physical efforts that individual puts into a concrete production labor per unit of time or per unit of product. Instrument-technological component -- is a sum of individual's psychic and physical efforts in production labor (per unit of product or per unit of time) that is substituted by functioning of instruments or technology (of producers). Technology was used in the context of previous chapters in a wide meaning, so a concept of production technology is introduced with a semantic close to a traditional one -- it is a complex and a sequence of objectively determined actions in a concrete production. Objectively-determined actions -- are actions of producers in a concrete production determined by objective determinants -- by a level of instrumentally materialized ideas, qualification and productive passionarity of producers, character of present raw materials, requirements of consumption, and so on. In a process of production, individuals enter into relations with each other (that does not play an especial role) and with an apparatus of compulsion to labor that is much more important or, more exactly, cardinally important to economy essence. An apparatus of compulsion to labor with an apparatus of alienation of material wealth makes an economic component of suppression layer of dictate. Its functioning (efficiency, level of positive and negative suppression) determines to great extent a character of socium economy. Concept of producers in that chapter is more narrow compared with analogous notion in previous chapters, i.e., it is used, just as notions "technology"' in a semantic of "economy producer" or a producer of material wealth that represents only a part of hedonistic wealth of socium. The rest less significant determinations will be introduced later in the course of presentation. Being a component of social live and having its own hierarchy, economy includes without deformation components of a layer hierarchy of dictate. In layer hierarchy of economy, there are their own hierarchs, conductors, the suppressed and accompanyings. As in dictate hierarchy, there are contradictate passionaries who exist out-of-hierarchy and influence it (3) (3 -- Similar dictate subhierarchies are present in other social institutes such as army, ideology, and so on, but their importance is less significant than in economy.). A correspondence of dictate hierarchy and economy one is determined by a character of socialdictate evolution and a concrete its stage, character and official functions (in

common social activity) of dictate layers. In the course of formation (in evolution) of layer-teleological hierarchy of dictate starting from an alienation from productive activity of hierarchs, then accompanyings and conductors, these layers of dictate form layers of suppression of economic sub-hierarchy. At epoch of civilization, when there is a physical suppression in dictate structure, suppression in economic sub-hierarchy is fulfilled by substructures of dictate suppression. With intensification of introspective, positive-hedonistic components of suppression, especially at epoch of transition to post-civilization, the highest hierarchs of hierarchy of economic substructure are added to individuals of layer of conductors. In the course of inclusion of accompanying layers in the economic substructure and complication of a total structure, the layers of economic hierarchy are formed from individuals of corresponding dictate layers, i.e., there is an evolutive conglomeration of economic hierarchy (as a subordinated substructure of socium) and dictate hierarchy (as a universal essence of socium). It is regularly and comes out of the general theory presented in the work, since production of material wealth is an instrument of socium opposition to external perturbations. A presence of hierarchic economical structure made of layers of individuals with the same psycho physiological stereotypes, with layer psycho types analogous to dictate and with similar integral and individual teleologies, motivations, selfassigning determines a similarity of functioning regularities and evolution. A difference consists in the fact that an efficiency of suppression here determines not a dictate-loyal passionarity and corresponding vital ability of socium but a productive passionarity and progressively of an economic form of dictate. Accordingly, any concrete economy has in its continuum the components that are objective, activational-individual, introspective, layer-social, complex of which determines an essence of economy in its dictate determination. A basic question of economic evolution is a problem of motive force that initiates development and conditions a concrete character of economy and layers, groups of individuals of socium making the essences objective in concrete activations. Plenty of points of view on the problem makes their analysis here in the frame of the work inexpedient. Let us consider the problem in common features with application to the theoretical categories of presented work accounting of the components of economy and production, layer structure and its components discussed above. An activating essence or a motive force may imply (but it is erroneous to associate, identify them together) different factors determining: concrete production; concrete-chronological functioning of economy; prolonged, historical character of economy evolution; qualitative characteristics, efficiency of a concrete form of economy; quality and volume of material wealth produced inside socium. A concrete production, economy of a form is put into movement by producers with their skills, productive passionarity, substructures of socium framing production and appearing at some stages of evolution including financiers, traders, and so on, having a great influence on production, and structures of economic suppression (sub-layer) -- as a component of suppressing layer. As shown above, means of production necessary for a process of productive activity include materialized essences of knowsphere being a result of economic activity of contradictate passionaries. This component in its evolutive progression acquires at epoch of transition to post-civilization such a great meaning that makes possible to come to conclusion about strategy of the evolutive process on the whole. Since the essence in its turn is a result of prolonged activity of contradictate passionaries, clearly contradictate passionaries come forward as a determinant of evolution of means of production and, consequently, of economy. This fact has far reaching consequences due to a dictate determined antagonism between concrete needs of economy, production existing under given form of dictate and suppression on the whole: the latter is always connected with leveling of contradictate

passionaries' activity. However, namely contradictate activity is necessary to dictate and socium as it is a determinant of a prolonged evolution of economy. Since starting from a certain stage of dictate and economy evolution, with appearance and formation of dictate structure, a concrete production represents a part of a process of hedonistic alienation, so structures of economic compulsion become a motive force of production evolution. Their activity, efficiency of functioning determines several objective essences of economy such as productive passionarity, creative activity of contradictate passionaries (in a sense of minimization of its suppression), stimulation of trade exchange, and so on. That preliminary analysis of motive forces of economy shows that the end of a chain of social factors initiating economy always contains essences of a dictate kind that are in some way or other are connected with dictate evolution. As dictate evolution is a result of superposition in consciousness of individuals of layer-differentiated reflection of objective realities such as external-social perturbations, concretions of being, and so on and essences determined also by layer-differentiated stereotypes of psycho motivational dominants, so we start the analysis of dictate determination of economy from an introspective basis of productive activity of individuals of socium layers. Introspection of economy Since dictate is an integral social category, so individuals fulfilling economic functions have their places in dictate hierarchy, i.e., they correspond to all peculiarities of dictate-layer stereotype of psycho motivations. Yet, their combination, layer compatibility in sub-social and sub-dictate economic hierarchy, i.e., in specific productive sphere of activity, determines a specific continuum of introspective essences, and so, of objective activity. A specificity of suppression is contained in peculiarities of a proper action necessary to dictate -- in a productive activity during all the life, in striving to perfection of labor quality, because only such labor -- intensive and high quality -- can satisfy hedonistic needs of dictate. Let us consider introspective essences of economy in their dictate-evolutive determination with an analysis of adequacy of chronological dictate forms and respective economic sub-hierarchies. A strait physical dictate takes place at a stage of appearance of structured socium, when the main determinant of evolution (technology) is in embryo and the cyclic determinant of civilization epoch -- ethnogenetic one -- is absent. A technological (categorical) component in tools of production has a very low level due to the factors mentioned above, also because production is at a such level, when only continuos labor of all, including a hierarch (to the greatest degree) secures to some extent socium surviving. Socium has no objective possibility to cultivate creative individuals, contradictate passionaries by stimulating their creative work and excusing then from everyday routine work. A level of influence on socium of external perturbations such as: fluctuations of bio-sphere, competing species, hostile sociums, and so on -- is very high. It also forces of socium individuals to a continuos production to secure their surviving. All these factors condition a situation when a compulsion to productive activity of individual-producers by other individuals of socium is absent. The role of the compulsion is played by external, objective factors that indirectly through I stimulate powerful hedonistic motivations to productive activity. Here, determination of I by hedonism is so high that induces prevailing of prolongedhedonistic aspects over utility-instantaneous hedonistic motivations. Hedonistic motivations connected with protection, thoughts about presence of stock of vitalnecessary products, and so on entails a repression of those components of hedonism that hinder sublimated productive activity. A component of psycho physiology of men assisting this psycho motivation process is a presence in organism structure of neuro-humoral regulations stimulating physical labor of a certain intensity by appearance of emotions of euphoric type, a somewhat artificial hedonistic compensation of partial repression of hedonism in

a process of productive activity. Irrespective of genotype determined individual level of sublimated-hedonistic passionarity, a reflection in I of powerful external perturbations generates such strong sublimating factors in consciousness of individuals that a level of productive passionarity unified with interests of dictate and socium is high enough to secure an economic functioning of socium. It is also facilitated by the fact that a lack of layer structure of individuals alienated from productive labor does not create comparative consciously-reflected essences of hedonistic kind reducing productive passionarity especially of the most valuable for socium highly passionated individuals, whose activity is also stimulated by other hedonistic instruments, for example, by sex. A development of technology by efforts of contradictate passionaries (that is extremely slow at the epoch) entails an appearance of social and dictate structure. All factors connected with dictate determination of economy reveal themselves including: growing technological component of production tools, structure of economical suppression, individuals alienated from production, differentiation of hedonistic potentials, appearance and development of an ethno genetic dominant, and so on. Ethic, ideology and art are developing, i.e., namely those essences of consciousness, using which dictate forms loyal structures (under presence of objective possibilities) in super-I of socium individuals. All of these on the whole result in a sharp reduction of loyal determination of I forming a positive-social productive passionarity as it has taken place before. Besides that, a stratification of socium and a differentiation among layers of hedonistic potentials result in a situation, when the most passionary individuals, i.e., individuals having powerful hedonism and its sublimating structures (I, super-I) invest themselves in layers with maximum hedonistic possibilities, i.e., in hierarchs, conductors and appearing accompanyings. It is also facilitated by a reduction of repressions of hedonism (as reflected) by external objective perturbations due to a growth of technology and its aspects connected with technical and other means of opposition to bio-sphere fluctuations. Since economic, industrial suppression is a particular aspect of dictate suppression, a reduction of positive-hedonistic components of productive passionarity, as in the case with dictate regularities, is compensated by a growth of external, physical compulsion to productive activity. Even a primitive, leveled hedonism of producers under influence of reflected in I external objects of socium, luxury of hierarchs, hedonistic possibilities of suppression layers, and so on -- produces powerful dominants that negatively reduce productive passionarity, i.e., decreasing an efficiency of production of material wealth. Dictate accordingly intensifies a physical pressure to level these negative essences but no cruelties can eliminate an introspective basis of these negative behavior actions and eventually only intensify them entailing negative-dictate activations and disintegration of the form. At the same epoch, other instruments of satisfaction of hedonistic requirements of socium appear that were not peculiar to early forms of economic such as exchange of goods, trade, and financial-monetary systems. The main thesis of several theories accounting for an appearance of exchange of goods and its developed aspects -- is based on an objective necessity to exchange of natural and produced wealth being at a disposal of socium on those lacked due to either natural conditions or ethnogenetic peculiarities or features of a concrete technology evolution. This point of view looks competent and logical only under a superficial consideration of the problem. Any necessity either exists in a socium immanently and is invariable chronologically or appears at some stage of evolution. In the case, when the necessities are permanent, an exchange should be an immanent feature of socium at the very early forms. It is not true. So the necessity appears at some stage of evolution due to a rise of new infrastructural factors. As production and its results are means of satisfaction of human's requirements and accounting for the fact that the necessary vital requirements (i.e., necessary for surviving and prolongation of species existence) are satisfied at all stages of evolution, so an appearance of new factors is connected with exceeding of these

necessities and is not determined by biological needs. Non of animals, except men, consumes more than biologically necessary -- as for food, so for females, and so on. Only man under presence of social possibilities appropriates a huge amount of material wealth, gigantic palaces, thousands of women, while having no physical possibilities to use even a part of it. A structure of mind moving him in the tendency and determining correspondent motivations -- is a subconscious hedonism of It. So returning to exchange of goods, an appearance of new factors, determining a necessity of these structures of economy is conditioned by an evolutive-dictate hypertrophy of some infrastructures of a hedonistic continuum, layer-type hedonistic potentials. Since a progress of hedonistic potentials cannot be connected (at least, in a frame of this form) with producers-suppressed, so an appearance of these structures of economic is conditioned by introspective essences of the highest layers of dictate having prevailing motivations of hierarchs. The dominant of introspection of hierarchs -- is a hypertrophied hedonism in all aspects including primitive sensitive ones, alienation from production, provision of security, and so on. Namely these requirements determine a necessity of an exchange of goods. Alienation of hierarchs from a concrete activity (illogical at early forms of dictate), i.e., a non-sublimation of hedonism in social-positive action, releases hedonism in its refined form that determines requirements in hedonistic wealth lacking in socium. Weapon, production tools, and so on are to a small degree an object of trade at the epoch, because these material things are a part of ethnic complex of features peculiar to ethnoses that are intensively forming at that period. Persians with their akinaks(?) have no need in Romanian helmets and swords, just as Chinese arbalests have no needs in powerful bows of angles. At overwhelming degree, objects of exchange, goods are women's decorations and other subject of luxury, vines, unusual food, spices, and so on, i.e., material wealth instantly connected with primitive aspects of hedonism, and with hedonism of namely hierarchs. A development of this substructure of economy directed on an increase of versatility and level of hedonistic possibilities results in a situation, when a part, sometimes quit significant, of produced in domestic socium material wealth is alienated for exchange on luxury goods consumed by hierarchs, the highest layers of suppression and by individuals serving hedonism. In that way, an exchange of goods takes place namely at the given dictate form and so it becomes an aspect of determinations of hedonistic repression of producers. Naturally, mediators appearing in a development of exchange of goods including merchants, usurers, and so on, i.e., individuals belonging to that form of dictate and not ranking among hierarchs, producers, in layer of state conductors of suppression, form a new sub-structure of economic suppression becoming in that way an instrument of alienation of hedonistic wealth from producers and intensification of hedonistic potentials of hierarchs and conductors. In distinction from a layer of official-state conductors, the sub-structure of economic suppression is much wider and indirectly individuals of all layers are involved in it, who fulfill category-dictate suppression, alienated due to it from productive labor and playing a role of a parasite economic component. Economic conductors fulfilling some or other aspects of suppression (of dictate kind) include proper conductors, servants of cult, individuals having in their hands a large (compared with others) amount of units of universal equivalent of goods -money that get growing influence in social functioning, traders, and so on. Such amount of parasitic non-producing individuals entails an appearance of a powerful dictate-economical negativism in introspection of productive activity. The negativism varies somewhat depending on a level of alienation from hedonism, i.e., a level of legislative attitude of a producer to its product. Slave, colon and free handicraftsman get a different share of their products and accordingly a different level of hedonistic stimulation that determines a different level of positive-hedonistic motivation of productive labor. Different levels of essences sublimating hedonism in consciousness of free

handicraftsman and slave condition a cardinally different level of productive passionarity namely due to a cardinal difference in levels of a sublimated essence -- of a positive hedonism. In its turn, a level of productive passionarity completely determines a subjective-motivation attitude to labor that has a principle meaning in a complicated character of production requiring a perfection of knowledge, skill, profession experience. So a slave can work to one or another degree productively depending on a level of physical compulsion in those spheres of economy, where a quality of labor, a professional skill is less important. Yet even in these spheres, an efficiency of his labor decreases with an evolutivedictate growth of physical suppression. Negative-dictate motivations of a hedonistic kind concerning productive activity are determined, at least partly, by a joint growth of hedonism of hierarchs and enlarging of amount of individuals alienated from production and satisfying various aspects of hypertrophied hedonism of hierarchs and because productivity being a result of activity of contradictate passionaries growths extremely slow. So economic in the formation in its introspective foundation is a causal consequence of the external determinant of dictate evolution -- technology as a positive-evolutive (respective to economy) essence and various components of strategic process of dictate evolution -- as negative determinants of economy evolution. Being a consequence of activity of contradictate passionaries, the productivity of labor at a given stage of evolution does not compensate a continuum of alienated hedonistic wealth (for hierarchs and all layers of suppression), because an accumulated amount of knowledge is in embryo and does not create a basis for an acceleration of extensive-intensive growth of technology. A continuum of material weal of socium growths slowly due to a slow growth of technology and a part of it alienated for needs of hedonism of hierarchs and layers not producing but serving hedonism of hierarchs (from footman to prostitute) grows; it results in a reduction of its part destined for a hedonistic stimulation of producers that decreases a level of positive hedonism and so their productive passionarity. A spiral evolution of dictate at epoch of civilization with an immanent growth of physical component at every cycle conditions due to the mentioned above reduction of productive passionarity and so a production and economy on the whole during cycle. The next stage of dictate evolution -- is a development of introspective-physical and imposed-introspective forms of dictate. A continuum of accumulated human knowledge growths, technology evolves, positive-hedonistic component of suppression increases in evolution, complexity of instruments grows (due to a growth of technology component), meaning (social and dictate) of essences injected in super-I increases; powerful mystic teachings acquire dominating influence including Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Confucianism, and so on. A combination of these essences clearly determines a variation of social and differentiated-layer individual continuum of introspection. A growth of technology and connected with it possibilities and danger for dictate concretion being reflected in consciousness of hierarchs determines a necessity of motivational stimulation and a development of contradictate creative works (with social, material and dictate stimulation). Individuals of the layer get a high status and in spite of psychotype-organic antipathy to them of hierarchs are approached by them. Archimedes, Pythagoras, Leonardo da Vinci, Euler, Voltaire, Helvetius -- the list of contradictate passionaries of the epoch is large namely because their creative works are accepted by dictate and are not destroyed as at previous epochs. A toleration of dictate of some developed sociums to contradictate passionarity results in a technologically determined speed up of dictate evolution with an immanent growth of positive-hedonistic aspects of suppression and together with technology -- to acceleration of economy evolution. Both of the determinants condition a regular, causal reduction of physical component of compulsion and so an increase of a level of sublimated hedonism, i.e., a productive passionarity, which is the basic introspective characteristic of progressiveness of socium

economic structure. A growth of meaning and influence on socium and dictate of contradictate passionaries is also facilitated, due to a combined human knowledge accumulated to the period that may be used as a basis for formation of creative sub-layers of producers and accompanyings, i.e., to increase a quality and level of loyal functioning on these necessary to dictate layers. In other words, the continuum of contradictate creative works becomes a basement for strengthening of functional layers of dictate in spite of psychotype-motivation alienation of contradictate passionaries from teleology of dictate. An increase of functional stratification of socium, a division of production and state apparatus, i.e., a partial alienation of state suppression from a concrete production, results in a division of state and economic suppression, in differentiation of their immanent means and instruments. A general tendency to introspective formation of suppression, an increase of technological component of production instruments, a consolidation of efforts of many individuals in production of one final product (manufactures, shops), i.e., a necessity of combination and unification of motivations of productive activity of groups of individuals, comes into contradiction, social-dictate antagonism with a still high level of physical suppression at that epoch --epoch of absolutist consolidation and autocracy (4 (4 -- It is true not only of Europe). This antagonism is easily resolved in a dictate way: by keeping the character of suppression in socium and intensification of it in production but with lowering a dictate-social status of both proper production and economic hierarchy, by subordination of production to other institutes of socium and dictate, reduction of its official-legislative participation in dictate distribution of hedonistic wealth. Merchant, usurer, owner of manufacture, handicraftsman, moreover peasant, and inventor, engineer, and so on with all their necessity to dictate are alienated from dictate, hedonistic prerogatives that are immanently inherent to the highest layers of state (official-dictate) hierarchy. In that way, negative motivations that decrease a productive passionarity acquire a character of alienation (5) (5 -- In general, it should be mentioned as a historic regulation that integration of production and dictate suppression in united state forms results in a reduction of efficiency of both economic and dictate type (an analysis of the statement will be given later)) from structures of economic suppression and are associated (reflectively-consciously) with instruments of state suppression, which as shown, is detached from economic, production structures. Of course, the process of introspective differentiation is not a result of conscious, logically determined activity of one or several hierarchs or conductors. As all strategic processes of evolution of socium and dictate, the process occurs for a prolonged period as a causal consequence of an integral continuum of subconscious and conscious motivations and activations of all mind's structures of all individuals of socium and are concretized in motivations, ideology, ethics, moral, and so on, of dictate layers differentiated by a level of hedonism. Due to it, economic sublayers of suppression, being at a lower step of hierarchy inside dictate layer of conductors, fulfill an autonomous strategy of production compulsion based on a positive-hedonistic stimulation. An infrastructure-economic status of manufacturer, banker, merchant, handicraftsman is sufficiently high and provides him (compared with the previous epochs) with a high level of hedonistic stimulation. It is facilitated by an intensification of ethnogenetic collisions determining high requirements to efficiency of socium functioning, to its stability under external perturbations that in particular depends on a level of technology and a level of economy development. In its turn, due to a technical orientation of applied technology, the efficiency is determined by a level of development of industrial and joint aspects of economy that also in reflected-conscious way determines motivations and activations of hierarchs respective to given structures of economy based on a positive-hedonistic stimulation. There is a noticeable lack in the list of peasants --producers of the main

products of life provision; namely due to it, they are not separated by dictate into the mentioned above structure. A vital importance for dictate of products of peasants' activity (i.e., their functional-dictate meaning) under their separation in an autonomous sub-structure being even at least partly not subject to state suppression would result in a reduction of hedonistic possibilities of hierarchs, since it would reduce a possibility of dictate alienation of material wealth. Moreover, dictate has no objective necessity respective to this sublayer of producers to introduce a positive introspective suppression due to a lack in the character of productive activity those determining (this necessity) components mentioned above such as: increase of technological component in instruments, complication of production, increase of role of contradictate passionaries, consolidation of producers' efforts, and so on. The character of peasants' labor stays practically the same as in the previous epochs -- the same objects, instruments, skill, and so on. So due to a stereotype-determined motivational unwillingness to reject from official prerogatives of hedonistic alienation and not experiencing a reflected-conscious influence of external initiating it factors, hierarchs leave peasants in official structures of dictate suppression. The situation determines in economy all the consequences usual for physical suppression and namely it prevails respective to peasants of the epoch. Due to it, peasants of the epoch reveal much lower level of productive passionarity compared with town craftsmen and much higher level of negative motivations respective to structures of their economic suppression that simultaneously are the structures of official-state dictate. Joining of the suppression determines that namely peasants of the epoch are initiators of all negative-dictate actions (Wat Tyler, Razin, Pugachev, and so on.). At that epoch, religion becomes a powerful instrument of dictate suppression with its regional concretions: Christianity, Buddhism, Islam, Shinto, and so on. Religious essences are started to be used in economic suppression -- in the substructure of dictate suppression. Ethics of asceticism as a basis of religious virtue is completely accepted by dictate for practical purposes of economic suppression as well as dogmas of virtue, requital and other ethic dogmas of monotheism based on a powerful ontological foundation of a vital truth of death, afraid of non-being, consolation of possibility of a future life, and so on. Until a religion is alienated from a concrete suppression in general and an economical in particular, that as just in the case with social dictate, it does not determine, is not an object of motivations of a negative kind and its influence using injections in super-I of necessary to dictate dogmas has a rather high efficiency. The reverse also takes place: an appropriation of hedonistic prerogatives reduces the efficiency of loyal injections. At least, negativedictate actions of peasants always touch servants of religion, which in consciousness of the suppressed in such situations is associated with concretions of suppression and alienation of hedonistic wealth with all immanent features of the phenomenon. An introspection of the form of economic suppression is characterized by collisions, antagonism reflected in consciousness of all layers of dictate between positive-hedonistic tendencies determined by the linear technological component of evolution and negative, repressive-hedonistic tendencies determined by the cyclic ethnogenetic component of dictate evolution. Prevailing of one or another component determines an intensification or reduction of productive passionarity, which level eventually determines an economic efficiency of socium and dictate form. A reduction of economic efficiency at the end of ethnogenetic cycle due to the reasons mentioned above determines a level of material possibilities of dictate concretion that are also reduced at the end of a cycle. A change of dictate form does not mean a change of economic formation, i.e., a cardinal transformation of production and its framing structures. It happens because an essence of economy, its components determined by technology including means of production, level of material implementation of essences from integral continuum of "knowsphere" and others