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Experiments on fluid mechanics

Sl.No

EXPERIMENTS

1.

Flow Through orifice

2.

Flow over notches


a) Flow Through Rectangular Notch.
b) Flow Through Triangular Notch.
c) Flow Through Trpizoidal Notch.

3.

4.

Friction Through Pipe (Minor Losses)


a) For sudden enlargement.
b) For Sudden Contraction.
c) For 900 Bend.
d) For Elbow
Friction through pipe (Major losses)

5.

Impact of Jet

6.

Flow Through venturimeter

7.

Flow through orificemeter

8.

Single stage Centrifugal Pump

9.

Efficiency of the Francis Turbine

10.

Air Blower

11.

Air Compressor

12.

Reciprocating Pump

13.

Pelton Wheel Turbine

2. CO-EFFICIENT OF DISCHARGE (Cd):- It is defined as the ration of actual discharge from


an orifice to the theoretical discharge. It is denoted by Cd

Qact = Actual discharge


Qth = Theoretical Discharge
Mathematically
Q actual is measured by with the help of collecting tank/ measuring tank.
If
L
=
Length of collecting tank
B
=
Breadth of collecting tank
Then A
=
Area of tank in m2
&
d
=
Depth of collecting tank in m.
t
=
Time of collection

Department of Mechanical engineering


Subject: Design of heat transfer equipments
Date:
Subject code:
Time: 1 hour
.THEORY: - A small hole made inside or bottom of the tank is called orifice.
HYDRAULIC CO-EFFICIENTS ARE
1.
2.
3.

Co-efficient of velocity.
Co-efficient of Discharge.
Co-efficient of contraction.

1. CO-EFFICIENT OF VELOCITY:- The ratio of actual velocity of jet of Vena-Contracta (Vc)


to that of the Theoretical velocity (Vth).
OR
Q2) 1,75,000lb/hr of distilled water enters an exchanger at 930 F and leaves at 850 F. The heat
will be transferred to 2,80,000 lb/hr of raw water supplied at 750 F and leave the exchanger at
800 F at 10 psi pressure drop may be expected on both the streams while Rd= 0.0005 for the
distilled water and 0.0015 for raw water. When the tube velocity exceeds 6FPS available for this
service is a 15.25 ID exchanger having 160 3.25 OD 18BWG 16 ft long tubes laid out on
15/16 triangular pitch. The bundle is arranged for 2 passes and baffles are spaced 12 apart will
the exchanger be suitable? (25 Marks)
Q1) 6900 lb/hr o Experiments on fluid mechanics

Sl.N
o

Experiments

1.

Flow Through orifice

2.

Flow over notches


a) Flow Through Rectangular Notch.
b) Flow Through Triangular Notch.
c) Flow Through Trpizoidal Notch.

3.

4.

Friction Through Pipe (Minor Losses)


a) For sudden enlargement.
b) For Sudden Contraction.
c) For 900 Bend.
d) For Elbow
Friction through pipe (Major losses)

5.

Impact of Jet

6.

Flow Through venturimeter

7.

Flow through orificemeter

8.

Single stage Centrifugal Pump

9.

Efficiency of the Francis Turbine

10.

Air Blower

11.

Air Compressor

12.

Reciprocating Pump

13.

Pelton Wheel Turbine

2. CO-EFFICIENT OF DISCHARGE (Cd):- It is defined as the ration of actual discharge from


an orifice to the theoretical discharge. It is denoted by Cd
Qact = Actual discharge
Qth = Theoretical Discharge

Mathematically
Q actual is measured by with the help of collecting tank/ measuring tank.
If
L
=
Length of collecting tank
B
=
Breadth of collecting tank
Then A
=
Area of tank in m2
&
d
=
Depth of collecting tank in m.
t
=
Time of collection

Department of Mechanical engineering


Subject: Design of heat transfer equipments
Date:
Subject code:
Time: 1 hour
.THEORY: - A small hole made inside or bottom of the tank is called orifice.
HYDRAULIC CO-EFFICIENTS ARE
1.
2.
3.

Co-efficient of velocity.
Co-efficient of Discharge.
Co-efficient of contraction.

1. CO-EFFICIENT OF VELOCITY:- The ratio of actual velocity of jet of Vena-Contracta (Vc)


to that of the Theoretical velocity (Vth).
OR
Q2) 1,75,000lb/hr of distilled water enters an exchanger at 930 F and leaves at 850 F. The heat
will be transferred to 2,80,000 lb/hr of raw water supplied at 750 F and leave the exchanger at
800 F at 10 psi pressure drop may be expected on both the streams while Rd= 0.0005 for the
distilled water and 0.0015 for raw water. When the tube velocity exceeds 6FPS available for this
service is a 15.25 ID exchanger having 160 3.25 OD 18BWG 16 ft long tubes laid out on
15/16 triangular pitch. The bundle is arranged for 2 passes and baffles are spaced 12 apart will
the exchanger be suitable? (25 Marks)
Q1) 6900 lb/hr of 260 API lubricating f 260 API lubricating