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Tarragona, 13 November 2013

Low Carbon Industrial Manufacturing Parks

Climate Change Policies
Jesús Abadía


Panoramic view of West Rongbuk Glacier and Mount Everest, 1921-2009


IPCC Fith Assessment Report
WG1. The Physical Science Basis


The Physical Science Basis 3 Warming of the climate system is unequivocal. .IPCC Fith Assessment Report WG1. and since the 1950s. many of the observed changes are unprecedented over decades to millennia.

Observed Changes in the Climate System 4 The atmosphere and ocean have warmed… .

Observed Changes in the Climate System 5 …the amounts of snow and ice have diminished… …sea level has risen… .

Last 14 May 2013.Observed Changes in the Climate System 6 …and the concentrations of greenhouse gases have increased. the record of 400 ppm was reached .

Observed Changes in the Climate System 7 Human influence has been detected in warming of the atmosphere and the ocean. in reductions in snow and ice. It is extremely likely that human influence has been the dominant cause of the observed warming since the mid-20th century . and in changes in some climate extremes. in global mean sea level rise. in changes in the global water cycle.

Warming will continue to exhibit interannual-to-decadal variability and will not be regionally uniform. . Warming will continue beyond 2100 under all RCP scenarios except RCP2.5°C relative to 1850 to 1900 for all RCP scenarios except RCP2.5.6.Future Global and Regional Climate Change 8 Global surface temperature change for the end of the 21st century is likely to exceed 1.6. It is likely to exceed 2°C for RCP6.0 and RCP8. and more likely than not to exceed 2°C for RCP4.5.

Under all RCP scenarios the rate of sea level rise will very likely exceed that observed during 1971–2010 due to increased ocean warming and increased loss of mass from glaciers and ice sheets. Global mean sea level will continue to rise during the 21st century. .Observed Changes in the Climate System 9 It is very likely that the Arctic sea ice cover will continue to shrink and thin and that Northern Hemisphere spring snow cover will decrease during the 21st century as global mean surface temperature rises.

present and future emissions of CO2. .Future Global and Regional Climate Change 10 Cumulative emissions of CO2 largely determine global mean surface warming by the late 21st century and beyond. This represents a substantial multi-century climate change commitment created by past. Most aspects of climate change will persist for many centuries even if emissions of CO2 are stopped.

2 The Emissions Gap Report 2013 UNEP Syntesis Report. November 2013 11 .

big efforts of all sectors. technologies and regions are needed.Options to narrow the emissions gap in 2020 12 BaU 59 Gt To narrow this gap. A UNEP Synthesis Report. The Emissions Gap Report 2013. November 2013 . 2ºC Limit 44 Gt • • • • • • • Power sector Industry Transport Buildings Waste Forestry Aghriculture …and the international cooperation.

South Africa USA 2020 Gap: 8-12 Gt CO2e 16-25% current emmisions . November 2013 Japan Mexico Rep of Korea Russian Fed. A UNEP Synthesis Report. the gap is 8-12 GtCO2e/y consistent to a global increment of 2ºC 13 BaU 59 Gt 56 Gt Pletges 52 Gt PLEDGES. Copenhage Accord 2ºC Limit 44 Gt • • • • • • Brazil Canada China EU27 (-20%) India Indonesia • • • • • • The Emissions Gap Report 2013.Considering the pledges.

3 UNFCCC CoP 19 14 .

one of the most powerful typhoons to ever make landfall.: • We must clarify finance that enables the entire world to move towards lowcarbon development. • The second is the devastating impact of Typhoon Haiyan. • The first we experience every day and do not notice. This is why COP 19 must deliver on several key areas. of which I will mention only two. economic and development agendas. Opening statement by Ms. • We must deliver an effective path to pre-2020 ambition. • We must launch the construction of a mechanism that helps vulnerable populations to respond to the unanticipated effects of climate change. Please take a deep breath.UNFCCC Warsaw Climate Change Conference 15 Ladies and gentlemen. be aware that we are the first human beings to ever breathe air with 400 parts per million CO2. Christiana Figueres. we gather today under the weight of many sobering realities. UNFCCC Executive Secretary 11 November 2013 . and develop further clarity for elements of the new agreement that will shape the post-2020 global climate. As you do.

4 EU Climate and Energy Policies Emissions Trading Scheme 16 .

EU ETS has characterized by over allocation 17 Phase 2 ended with 1.800 Mt surplus Supply and demand balance EU ETS Phase 1 and 2 .

Price trends for EUAs and CERs. 2005–2012 18 .

How the carryover of Phase 2 surplus impacts on the -20% target 19 Source: Sandbag .

200 Mt at the end of Phase 3 20 COM(2012) 652 final. The state of the European carbon market in 2012 .The surplus could be around 2. REPORT FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL.

Discretionary price management mechanism.Reforms are needed to balance the EU ETS market 21 OPTIONS PROPOSED BY THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION 1. REPORT FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL. Limit access to international credits. COM(2012) 652 final. 4. 1. Retiring a number of allowances in the third trading period. Early revision of the annual linear reduction factor. Extension of the scope of the EU ETS to other sectors. 5. Increasing the EU reduction target to 30 % in 2020. 3. 2. The state of the European carbon market in 2012 .

role of shale gas. A 20% improvement in the EU's energy efficiency  Roadmap 2050 (-80% CO2 at 2050)  2030 framework for EU climate change and energy policies      2030 Targets: 35-45% GHG emissions. Raising the share of EU energy consumption produced from renewable resources to 20%. 22-33% EE ?? 2050 Target: The EU's present policies are not sufficient to reach the -80% Framework: Development of low carbon techs need a clear and coherent climate and energy policy Security of energy supplies: import of fossil fuels. RES Competitivenes: High prices of climate and energy policies .Main challenges of the EU 2030 framework 22  Key EU Climate and Energy Policies  2020 Package (20/20/20)    A 20% reduction in EU GHG emissions from 1990 levels. 25-35% RES. CCS.

5 To finalize… 23 .

energy efficiency and use of renewables is key  Evaluate the vulnerability of the company to climate risks and the options for adapting to climate change  Incorporate the mitigation and adaptation issues in the strategy of the company .Some recommendations for business 24  The pressure to transformation to a low carbon economic will increase  Know the carbon footprint of the chain value and the regulatory and markets risks  The innovation in low carbon processes. 25 .Thanks for your attention! Jesús Abadía Ibáñez Climate Change and Sustainability Advisor jesus.