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65-45-12 Ductile Iron

Color
Code

Iron Family: Ductile Iron

65-45-12 Ductile Iron contains nodular graphite in a matrix of ferrite with small
amounts of pearlite. The ferritic structure gives excellent machinability with good
surface finishes along with optimal impact strengths, fatigue properties, electrical
conductivity and high magnetic permeability. This iron has approximately the
same tensile and yield strengths as AISI 1020 Steel in the as-rolled condition. This
specification conforms to ASTM A536 grade 65-45-12. The microstructure consists
of Types I & II nodular graphite as defined in ASTM A247. The matrix is ferrite with
approximately 5-25% pearlite. The “rim” will have a higher nodular count and will be
mostly ferrite. Chill carbides will be less than 5% in any field at 100x and will be well
dispersed.

Available from stock
at Morgan Bronze in:

Equivalent Specifications
ASTM A536

Rounds

65-45-12 Ductile Iron
Equivalent specifications are verified and updated annually.
Specifications shown are current as of May 4, 2010.

Chemical Composition (%)*
Carbon

Silicon

Manganese

Sulfur

Phosphorus

3.50 – 3.90

2.25 – 3.00

0.15 –0.35

0.025 MAX

0.05 MAX

Mechanical Properties**
English

Metric

Tensile Strength, min.

65,000

448

Yield Strength, min.

45,000

310

12%

12%

Elongation in 2 in. or 50 mm, min.

Hardness Properties*
Size Range
Inches

BHN
Millimeters

MIN

MAX

1.000 - 2.000

25 - 51

156

217

2.001 - 3.000

51 - 76

153

207

3.001 - 6.000

76 - 152

143

207

6.001 - 20.000

152 - 508

131

207

* Values shown are reference. It is the intent of ASTM A536 to subordinate chemical composition to mechanical properties.
** Values shown pertain to ASTM A536.

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Journals. Chuck Bodies. Pulleys. Sprockets Pump & Compressor: Gears. Pulleys. Tie Rod Nuts Miscellaneous: Plunger Pin Power Transmission: Coupling Hubs. Pistons. Gear Rack Housings. Gerotors. Gears. Rotary Screws. End Caps. Flywheels. Hardness in the core will be less than the hardness on the outside surfaces. It is well suited for austempering because of the low residual alloy content. Plungers Machinery: Bushings. Pistons. and the highly ferritic matrix provides predictable growth with minimal heat distortion. This grade also responds well to surface hardening methods such as flame or induction heat treating. Housings. Spindle Housings. Manifolds. Rotors. Rotary Tables.morganbronze. Side Frames. Valves Glass Mold: Bank Molds. Rams. Housings. Typical Applications Automotive: Gears Fluid Power: Cylinder blocks.com . Die Blocks. Sprockets www. Gears. Gears.65-45-12 Ductile Iron Color Code Iron Family: Ductile Iron (continued) Heat Treat Response 65-45-12 Ductile Iron can be oil quench hardened from 1600° F (885° C) to Rockwell C 50 minimum on the outside of the bar. Glands. Rotors Transportation: Coupling Hubs. Rail Spacers. Pulleys.