COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES

We use the comparative when comparing one person or thing with
another and the superlative when comparing one person or thing with
more than one other.

Adjectives with one syllable
We add “-er” to form the comparative and “-est” to form the superlative.
COLD - COLDER than - the COLDEST
DIRTY - DIRTIER than - the DIRTIEST /// BUSY-HAPPY etc.///
HOT - HOTTER than - the HOTTEST /// BIG-FAT-WET etc.///

Adjectives with two or more syllables
We add the word “more” to form the comparative and the words “the
most” to form the superlative.
BEAUTIFUL - MORE BEAUTIFUL than - the MOST BEAUTIFUL
Other adjectives:
FAMOUS etc.

INTERESTING-EXCITING-FANTASTIC-COMFORTABLE-

Note: Some two-syllable
superlative forms.

adjectives

have

two

comparative

and

HAPPY - HAPPIER/MORE HAPPY than - the HAPPIEST/MOST HAPPY
Other adjectives: CLEVER-COMMON-PLEASANT-QUIET-SIMPLE

Irregular comparisons
GOOD/WELL - BETTER than - THE BEST
BAD - WORSE than - the WORST
FAR - FARTHER than - the FARTHEST /refer to distance/
- FURTHER than - the FURTHEST /refer to distance and also mean “in
addition”/

A- Complete these sentences
1. I think Chinese is ........................................... language to speak in the
world. /difficult/
2. Your hotel is ........................................... from the beach. /far/
3. This country has ........................................... weather in the world.
/bad/
4. Be careful! This is ........................................... part of the river. /wide/
5. It’s ........................................... hotel in the city. /modern/
6. ........................................... city in Scotland is Glasgow. /large/
7. Air travel is ........................................... rail travel. /quick/
8. Travelling by taxi is ........................................... travelling by bus.
/expensive/

9. Tokyo is ........................................... Rome. /big/
10. Egypt has much ........................................... summers than the U.K.
/hot/
11.Adventure holidays are ........................................... beach holidays.
/exciting/
12.Buenos Aires has ........................................... nightlife in South
America. /exciting/
B- Fill in the spaces in these dialogues with the comparative and
superlative forms of the adjectives in brackets.
1. A: I’d like to change my room, please. Have you got anything a bit
................................... ? /quiet/
B: Yes, of course. I’ll move you to room 423. It’s ...................................
part of the hotel.
2. A: $250 per person is very expensive. Can’t you offer us
................................... terms than that? /good/
B: I’m afraid not. $250 is ................................... deal that we can offer.
3. A: I’d like an excursion, but something a bit ...................................
than a museum visit. /interesting/
B: Try the trip to Coimbra. Most people think it’s ...................................
trip that we do.
4. A: My room is very hot. Is there any way of
................................... ? /cold/
B: Turn the AC to 5. That’s ................................... setting.

making

it

5. A: I can’t see the sea from my room. Have you got anything with a
................................... view? /nice/
B: I’m afraid the rooms with ................................... views are already
occupied.

C- Read these comments about three hotels
ALEXANDER HOTEL
*****
420 rooms
2 restaurants, bar, 2
pools, 6 tennis courts,
2
squash
courts,
jacuzzi.
10’ walk from beach
$ 560 -for 7 nights-

HELENA HOTEL
APOLLO HOTEL
***
****
320 rooms
540 rooms
restaurant, bar, tennis restaurant,
pool,
court.
tennis courts, shop.
15’ walk from beach
$ 470 -for 7 nights-

2

5’ walk from beach
$ 530 -for 7 nights-

Now answer these questions:
Which hotel:
1. is the biggest?
...................................................................................................................
2. is nearest the beach?
....................................................................................................
3. is the most luxurious?
....................................................................................................

4. has the best facilities?
...................................................................................................
5. has the widest choice of restaurant?
.......................................................................
6. is the cheapest?
..............................................................................................................
True or false?
7. The Helena is more expensive than the Apollo. T/F
...................................................................................................................
.............
8. The Apollo is farther from the beach than the Alexander. T/F
...................................................................................................................
..............
9. The Alexander has the largest numbers of rooms. T/F
...................................................................................................................
..............
10. The Alexander has more tennis courts than squash courts. T/F
...................................................................................................................
...............