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DURATION AND EFFECT OF PENALTIES

Art. 27. Reclusion perpetua. — Any person sentenced to any of the perpetual penalties

one day to twenty years.
Prision mayor and temporary disqualification. — The duration of the penalties
of prision mayor and temporary disqualification shall be from six years and one day to
twelve years, except when the penalty of disqualification is imposed as an accessory
penalty, in which case its duration shall be that of the principal penalty.

Temporary disqualification and suspension, when imposed as accessory penalties, have

reason of his conduct or some other serious cause shall be considered by the Chief

Reclusion temporal. — The penalty of reclusion temporal shall be from twelve years and

the maximum duration of the convict’s sentence shall in no case exceed 40 years
different durations – they follow the duration of the principal penalty

shall be pardoned after undergoing the penalty for thirty years, unless such person by
Executive as unworthy of pardon.

a

Destierro is imposed in the following circumstances:
serious physical injuries or death under exceptional circumstances (spouse finding other

spouse in pari delicto)
b

failure to give bond for good behavior ( a person making threat may be required to give

bond not to molest the person threatened, if not destierro)
c

penalty for the concubine

d

in cases where the reduction of the penalty by one or more degrees results in destierro

Prision correccional, suspension, and destierro. — The duration of the penalties

Bond to keep the peace is not specifically provided as a penalty for any felony and

of prision correccional, suspension and destierro shall be from six months and one day

therefore cannot be imposed by the court. It is required in Art 284 and not to be given in

to six years, except when suspension is imposed as an accessory penalty, in which case,

cases involving other crimes.

its duration shall be that of the principal penalty.

Arresto mayor. — The duration of the penalty of arresto mayor shall be from one month

Summary:

and one day to six months.

a

Arresto menor. — The duration of the penalty of arresto menor shall be from one day to

pardon by reason of his conduct and some other serious cause, it won’t exceed 40 years.

thirty days.

b

Reclusion Temporal – 12 yrs and 1 day to 20 yrs

Bond to keep the peace. — The bond to keep the peace shall be required to cover such

c

Prision Mayor and temporary disqualification – 6 yrs and 1 day to 12 yrs; disqualification if

period of time as the court may determine.

accessory follows the duration of the principal penalty

Perpetual penalties – after 30 years, can be pardoned, except when he is unworthy of

3 fold rule: the maximum duration of the convict’s sentence shall not be more than 3

d

Prision Correccional, suspension and destierro – 6 mos and 1 day to 12 yrs; disqualification

times the length of time corresponding to the most severe of the penalties imposed upon

if accessory follows the duration of the principal penalty

him.

e

Arresto Mayor – 1 month and 1 day to 6 months

unless pardoned: -Civil Interdiction or during his sentence -Perpetual absolute disqualification -Civil interdiction -Civil Interdiction -Temporary absolute or during his disqualification sentence -Perpetual special -Perpetual absolute -Perpetual disqualification from disqualification absolute the right of suffrage disqualification which the offender suffers although for 30 years pardoned Correctional and Light Penalties Prison Correctional Imprisonment Accessory Penalties 6 months and 1 day to 6 years Arresto Mayor Arresto Menor 1 month and 1 day to 6 1 day to 30 days months -Suspension from public office -Suspension of right to -Suspension of right to hold office hold office -Suspension from the right to -Suspension of the right -Suspension of the right follow a profession or calling of suffrage during the of suffrage during the -Perpetual special term of the sentence term of the sentence disqualification on the right of .f Arresto Menor – 1 day to 30 days g Bond to keep the peace – the period during which the bond shall be effective is suffrage discretionary to the court Capital and Afflictive Penalties Death Term of Imprisonment Accessory Penalties Reclusion Reclusion Perpetua Temporal Prison Mayor None 20 days and 1 day 12 years and 1 day 6 years and 1 day to to 40 years to 20 years 12 years None.