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THE PRESENT

 WORD ORDER IN QUESTIONS
Questions with be, present continuous and going to
Question word

be
Is
are
is
are
are

What
Who
Where
What

subject
Anna
they
your mother
you
you

(adj., noun, verb +ing, etc)
a student?
doing?
?
going to live?
doing?

subject
you
Jenny
your children
you

infinitive
live with your mother?
live?
prefer?
want to do?

Questions with do, does, did (present and past)
Question word

do / does / did
Do
does
do
do

Where
What food
What

• PRESENT
• Verb to be (ser/estar)
Infinitive
Be
+
I am
You are
He is
She is
It is
We are
You are
They are

Past
Was/were
Contraction
I’m
You’re
He’s
She’s
It’s
We’re
You’re
They’re

Participle
Been

I am not
You are not
He is not
She is not
It is not
We are not
You are not
They are not

Gerund
Being

Contraction
I’m not
You aren’t
He isn’t
She isn’t
It isn’t
We aren’t
You aren’t
They aren’t

Question
Am I?
Are you?
Is he?
Is she?
Is it?
Are we?
Are you
Are they?

• Present simple

+

I

You
He/She/It

I

sing
sings

You
He/She/It

We
You

?

do not
(don’t)
does not
(doesn’t)

Do

sing.

Does

We
sing

You

They

I
you
he/she/it
we

do not
(don’t)

Do

They

you
they

• Frequency adverbs .... How often do you ....?
Always

Usually

Often

Sometimes

1

Rarely/Seldom
Hardly ever

Never

sing?

teaching. Yes. driving. having a shower. can’t come. can come. working. having a shower. you can. Yes. you can. Yes. 2 I am you are he is she is it is we are you are they are crying. I can. you can’t. they can. I you Can he/she/it we can’t swim. working. • PRESENT CONTINUOUS + - Full form Contraction Full form Contraction I am You are He is She is It is We are You are They are I’m You’re He’s She’s It’s We’re You’re They’re I am not You are not He is not She is not It is not We are not You are not They are not I’m not You aren’t He isn’t She isn’t It isn’t We aren’t You aren’t They aren’t crying.THE PRESENT • CAN / CAN’T (PODER / SABER) + I You He/She/It We You They can swim. x No. swim? come? help? No. they can’t. doing housework. teaching. Yes. he can. I You He/She/It We You They ? Yes. listening. No. Yes. listening. you they • LIKE (+verb + -ing) I love I like I don’t like I hate shopping. you can’t. dancing. No. I’m not you aren’t he isn’t she isn’t it isn’t we aren’t you aren’t they aren’t . he can’t. ? Am I? Are you? Is he? Is she? Is it? Are we? Are you? Are they? dancing? talking? arguing? sewing? having a coffee? + Yes. I can’t. we can. can help. we can’t. No. No. can’t help. No.

London is famous for its yellow buses. Make true sentences using am / is / are / ‘m not / isn’t / aren’t: 1. 1. Write the long forms. No. We’re teachers. 6. 7. What’s your name? 2. Where _______ you from? 2. ________________________________________ 9. ____________________________________________ 6. Christina _______ 21 years old. Complete the following sentences using the correct form of the verb to be’. 1. Lidia _____ English. 3. Example: My name is Claire 1. 3 . I’_______ from Italy. It’s Mexican food. I am a student. Diamond 2.THE PRESENT PRACTICE 1. 3. ________________________________________ 8. My friend and I _______ doctors. 3. They _____ expensive. We _______ very interested in our profession. 5. Paris is the capital of Spain. s ______ cheap. I _______ married. I’m British. My father’s name _____ Peter. 7. Example: I’m a student. It _____ an animal. You’re English. Correct them: Example: Britney Spears is an English football player. 5. 4. My mother is German. Lidia and John _____ married. He’s married. she isn’t. 8. ____________________________________________ 7. I ______ at work. She’s a nurse. ________________________________________ 5. Mike and Rosie _______ from London but their parents _______ from Glasgow. The following sentences are wrong. I’m eighteen. Bananas are vegetables. 3. My parents _____ at home. You’re Italian. 5. 8. A dog _____ a plant. Cava ____ a drink from Catalonia. Negatives. ___________________________________________ 3. Clara _______ married. 6. 4. 8. 10. ____________________________________________ 4. Her husband _______ a hotel manager. It ______ Wednesday today. 2. The month after June is September. 6. ____________________________________________ 5. ___________________________________________ 2. She is an American singer. My name’s Tim. What’_______ your name? 4. His name _______ Stephen. They’re from Belgium. 9. Michael Jordan is white. Short and long forms. 7.

. / he from Scotland? x  Articles – A /AN / THE A / AN . ___ newspaper 11. ___ dictionary 10.. Make questions and short answers. 1. indefinido . ___ train 22. ___ camera 25. / they from Italy? x 4. ___ astronaut 17. I have got an American car. / she Chinese? √ 6. ___ umbrella 20.THE PRESENT 6.. ___ envelope 9. ___ apple 15. ___ eye 19. Equivale a Un / Una THE --. There’s a student in the library. ___ house 18. ___ umbrella 13. / it German? x 3. / I in room 13? √ √ Yes. ___letter 12. ___ orangutan 4 . 2. ___ clock 16. ___ notebook 5. I am. There is a horse in the farm. Open the door. ___ boy 14. ___ eagle 23. Open the windows. / you Irish? x 7. There is an envelope in the drawer. Equivale a EL/LA/LOS/LAS We use AN: Before words beginning with a vowel or silent 'h'.definido. ___ stamp 2. ___ key 8. ___ pen 24. ___ key 21. ___ bag 4. There’s a letter on the table. ___ orange 6. ___ book 7. Write A/AN. / you Spanish Are you Spanish? 1. You are an hour late. / we in class 2? √ 5. 1. ___ egg 3.

this is _____ brother. Example : He’s (a/an) accountant. Hello. Fill in the gaps with his or her 1. 3. My parents (are/is) rich. es decir. _____ flat is in Paris. Darren. Their son lives in Jamaica. 1. 6. My sister (is/are) very beautiful. Darren. 5 . JENNY: Albert. David is from France. I have a daughter. She’s (a/an) housekeeper. ALBERT: Hello. Pronombres personales I You He She It We You They Adjetivos posesivos My Your His Her Its Our Your Their 1. 4. 4. 5. Choose the correct form. DARREN: Hello. John (is thirty years old/is thirty years). ‘What’s _____ name?’ ‘Eugene’ 2. Estos adjetivos tienen un antecedente. What’s _____ name? 2.THE PRESENT 2. 2. Fill in the gaps with my or your. 2. _____ name is Jim Burton. I’m (not/no) married 4. _____ name is Dorothy. Ejemplo: Mr and Mrs Plough have a son. There (are/is) a restaurant and two bars in the hotel. 1. Is Lynn _____ sister? 3. _____ name’s Sabina. 3. • Possessive adjectives Los adjetivos posesivos siempre acompañan a un sustantivo y nos indican de quién es algo. referencia a una persona o cosa nombrada con anterioridad y concuerdan en género y número con esta palabra.

NEGATIVA .Usamos There are para el plural. _____ _____ a computer in your home? Yes. are there? 1. Is your coffee all right? No. Complete the following with there is. 2. _____ _____ a train to the airport from the city centre? Yes.THE PRESENT • There is / There are . _____ _____ thirty-one days in November? 6. _____ _____ one.Usamos la forma there is para el singular. ____ ____ ten players in a football team? No. _____ _____eleven players.AFIRMATIVA .” “There aren't many parks in this city. Ejemplo: “There is a computer in my room. ____ _____ . 6 . 5.There isn't (There is not) / There aren't (There are not) Ejemplos: “There isn't any water on the table. _____ _____ a library in your school? Yes. . is there?.INTERROGATIVA.” . _____ _____ a train and __________ two buses: number 7 and 27. _____ _____ any sugar in it. 3. There _____ a lake and _____ _____ a lot of trees. There _____ a big park in our town. 7.” . _____ _____ two: one for me and one for my sister. . Ejemplo: “There are three dogs in the park. 4. there are. there aren’t.Is there? / Are there? Ejemplos: “Is there an English dictionary in the class?” “Are there any letters for me?” 1. there isn’t.

THE PRESENT 7 .

What’s your name? ________________________________________________________ 2.THE PRESENT • Jobs 1. 1. How old are you? ________________________________________________________ 4. What’s your telephone number? 8 . What’s your surname? ________________________________________________________ 3. Answer the following questions. What’s your address? ________________________________________________________ 5.

Write sentences with there is / there are. What’s your job? ________________________________________________________ 8. Where are you from? ________________________________________________________ 7. Look at the example. Are you married? ________________________________________________________ 2. 3. a/an. one.THE PRESENT ________________________________________________________ 6. Use the dictionary. Look at the following image and describe it. There is a scarf under the bed. 9 . two+objects. Write about the people in the exercise. There are three books on the floor.