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Hanoverian and Windsor

monarchies

The Royal Marriage Act of 1772
• That no descendant of the body of his late majesty
King George the Second, male or female, (other than
the issue of princesses who have married, or may
hereafter marry, into foreign families) shall be
capable of contracting matrimony without the
previous consent of his Majesty, his heirs, or
successors, signified under the great seal, and
declared in council, … and that every marriage, or
matrimonial contract, of any such descendant,
without such consent first had and obtained, shall be
null and void, to all intents and purposes whatsoever.

• George III ruled for
60 years
• 1760-1820

Prince of Wales marries Mrs. He straightway fell in love with her. she about six years older. the officiating minister being an Anglican curate.. However. she returned after a while to England. Fitzherbert turned a deaf ear to the prince's solicitations. In or about 1784 happened her first meeting with George. Maria Fitzherbert • A young and beautiful widow with a jointure of £2000 a year. . having at the same time a house in town. to get rid of which she withdrew to the Continent. 15 Dec. Mrs. Prince of Wales. on receipt of an honourable offer from the prince. Surrey. and they were privily married in her own London drawing-room and before two witnesses. Marriage with her princely suitor being legally impossible. 1785. then about twenty-two years of age. she took up her abode in 1782 at Richmond.

when they virtually parted. withdrawing into private life upon an annuity of £6000. and remained with him some nine years more. at Brighton. John the Baptist. because of a crowning affront put upon her on occasion of a magnificent fête given at Carlton House by the prince. the prince. Fitzherbert survived him seven years. at the same time continuing the pension of £3000 a year. Caroline of Brunswick. and wherein a mural monument to her memory is still to be seen. when. which he had allowed her ever since their marriage. Her husband. with a locket containing her miniature round his neck. Fitzherbert to return to him. Mrs. dying at the age of eighty.• they continued to live together on a matrimonial footing until 1794. Shortly after the birth of Princess Charlotte in 1796. at which entertainment no fixed place at the royal table had been assigned her. lately made regent. in 1811. where she was buried in the Catholic church of St. as King George IV. after consultation with Rome. being about to contract a forced legal marriage with his cousin. Fitzherbert off. the prince very reluctantly cast Mrs. and was so buried. At last. died in 1830. she at length did in 1800. who hated the Princess of Wales. to the erection of which she had largely contributed. she broke off connexion with the prince for ever. This. . separated from her and besought the forsaken Mrs.

détails de la salle à manger .Le palais ‘oriental’ du Prince de Galles à Brighton.

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• La Duchesse de Kent et sa fille en 1824 .

par son prof de dessein .• Portrait de la princesse Victoria âgée de 11 ans.

il permet aux officiers de marine de boire à sa santé ASSIS! .• William IV renvoie sa maîtresse et épouse Adelaïde de Saxe Meinginen • Pas d’enfants ( malgré 2 filles légitimes) pour le trône • Comme Amiral.

Speech ready by Queen Victoria in Council on the day of her accession. which has called me to this work. were I not sustained by the hope. Educated in England under the tender and enlightened care of a most affectionate Mother I have learned from my Infancy to respect and love the Constitution of my native Country. my beloved Uncle has devolved upon me the duty of administering the Government of this empire. The severe and afflicting loss. will give me strength for the performance of it. I esteem it also a peculiar advantage. 20 June 1837. This awful responsibility is imposed upon me so suddenly and at so early a period of my Life. I place my firm reliance upon the wisdom of Parliament and upon the loyalty and affection of my People. that I succeed to a Sovereign whose constant regard for the rights and Liberties of his Subjects & whose desire to promote the amelioration of the Laws and Institutions of the Country have rendered his name the object of general attachment and veneration. and that I shall find in the purity of my Intentions and in my zeal for the public welfare that support & those resources. which usually belong to a more mature age and to longer experience. which the Nation has sustained by the death of his Majesty. that Divine Providence. that I should feel myself utterly oppressed by the burthen [burden]. It will be my unceasing study to maintain the reformed Religion as by Law established securing at the same time to all the full enjoyment of religious liberty. . and I shall steadily protect the rights and promote to the utmost of my Power the happiness and welfare of all Classes of my Subjects.

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so kind . • I have only now to beg you. and to take him under your special protection. that all will go on prosperously and well. and how much I like him in every way.• Kensington Palace June 7th 1836 • My dearest Uncle. now so dear to me. my dearest Uncle. the most pleasing and delightful exterior and appearance. He has besides. on this subject of so much importance to me. my dearest Uncle. to take care of the health of one. • These few lines will be given to you by my dear Uncle Ernest. that could be desired to render me perfectly happy. Allow me. • I must thank you. my dearest Uncle. to tell you how delighted I am with him. and so amiable too. you can possibly see. my beloved Uncle. He is so sensible. He possesses every quality. when he sees you. in the person of dear Albert. then. you have contributed to give me. and so good. • Believe me always. your most affectionate devoted & grateful niece • Victoria. for the prospect of great happiness. I hope and trust. .

10 February 1840 .Le mariage de Victoria et Albert. par Sir George Hayter.

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La Reine Victoria fait des esquisses de sa vie domestique .

appelée ‘Pussy’ .Le bain pour la princese Victoria.

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• 1845 avec la
princesse
Victoria

Les 9 enfants royaux








Victoria, Princess Royal (born 1840);
Albert Edward, Prince of Wales (born 1841);
Alice (born 1843);
Alfred (born 1844);
Helena (born 1846);
Louise (born 1848);
Arthur (born 1850);
Leopold (born 1853)
and Beatrice (born 1857).

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In 1877 Queen Victoria was proclaimed Empress of India .

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Imperial Crown of India .

Ouverture du Parlement en 1880 .

the Woolsack where the Lord Chancellor sits .House of Lords.

• Bague de la reine consort .

avec le plus grand diamant .• Le sceptre.

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• Petite couronne en diamants . créée pour la Reine Victoria en 1870 .

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• Painting by Queen Victoria • 1854 .

and the subsequent uproar it provoked.• her relationship with a Scottish servant. Brown had been a trusted servant of Victoria's then deceased and beloved Prince Consort. John Brown (played by Billy Connolly). hoping to subtly coax the Queen toward resuming public life after years of seclusion. Prince Albert. . Victoria's chief servants thought Brown might help to ease an inconsolable Queen since the Prince Consort's death in 1861. In 1863.

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designed by Prince Albert .Osbourne House. Isle of Wight.

Abdul Karim à Balmoral. c. .• La Reine et son domestique hindoue. 1890.

Charge of the 21st Lancers at Omdurman. 1898 .

1898 at Osbourne House .

• ‘Cape to Cairo’ • Or the Rhodes colosseus .

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• Jubilé de diamant de la Reine Victoria .

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Queen Victoria Eugenia of Spain. Albert I of Belgium. Duke Charles Edward of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. there was one relation whom Edward did not like and his difficult relationship with his nephew.[72] However. Tsar Nicholas II of Russia. Empress Alexandra of Russia. to the consternation of their governesses. George I of Greece and Frederick VIII of Denmark were his brothers-in-law. Crown Princess Sophia of Greece. and Duke Ernst August of Brunswick were Edward's nephews. Charles I and Manuel II of Portugal. Crown Princess Margaret of Sweden. and Tsar Ferdinand of Bulgaria were his second cousins. Crown Princess Marie of Romania. Grand Duchess Alexandra of MecklenburgSchwerin. Edward doted on his grandchildren. exacerbated the tensions between Germany and Britain .• Edward was related to nearly every other European monarch and came to be known as the "uncle of Europe". The German Emperor Wilhelm II. and indulged them. Wilhelm II. Grand Duke Ernest Louis of Hesse. Haakon VII of Norway was both his nephew by marriage and his sonin-law. and Duchess Charlotte of Saxe-Meiningen were his nieces.

• 4 générations de souverains en 1899 .

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• Cousins Willy and Nicky • (German and Russian Emperors) .

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Found poor Lalla very resigned but heartbroken. Little Johnnie looked very peaceful lying there… For him it is a great release as his malady was becoming worse as he grew older and he has thus been spared much suffering. just peace for the poor little troubled spirit. no struggle. I brought the news to George & we motored down to Wood Farm. which had been a great anxiety for us for many years ever since he was four. death came as a great release. I cannot say how grateful we feel to God for having taken him in such a peaceful way. that our poor darling Johnnie had died suddenly after one of his attacks. The news gave me a great shock. Wolferton. he just slept quietly… no pain.Prince John. though for the little boy's restless soul.’ . souffre d’épilepsie. né en 1905-1919 • ‘Lalla Bill telephoned from Wood Farm.

• Edward VII, le
futur roi George
V, les futurs rois
Edward VIII et
George VI

La Reine
Mary et sa
fille Mary
pendant la
première
Guerre
mondiale

• At a meeting of the Privy Council on 17 July
1917, George V declared that 'all descendants
in the male line of Queen Victoria, who are
subjects of these realms, other than female
descendants who marry or who have married,
shall bear the name of Windsor'.

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1919 .

In 1947. • It was therefore declared in the Privy Council that The Queen's descendants. However.• The Royal Family name of Windsor was confirmed by The Queen after her accession in 1952. This reflected Prince Philip's surname. The effect of the declaration was that all The Queen's children. as Windsor is the surname used by all the male and unmarried female descendants of George V. that . For the most part. would have the surname Mountbatten-Windsor. other than those with the style of Royal Highness and the title of Prince/Princess. on occasions when they needed a surname. would carry the name of Mountbatten-Windsor. in 1960. members of the Royal Family who are entitled to the style and dignity of HRH Prince or Princess do not need a surname. The Queen and The Duke of Edinburgh decided that they would like their own direct descendants to be distinguished from the rest of the Royal Family (without changing the name of the Royal House). or female descendants who marry. but if at any time any of them do need a surname (such as upon marriage). when Prince Philip of Greece became naturalised. he assumed the name of Philip Mountbatten as a Lieutenant in the Royal Navy.

and her brother .• the Honourable Elizabeth Angela Marguerite Bowes Lyon.

• 1915

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3 mai 1923 .

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• Mars 1944 .

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Second Subaltern Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor. .No 230873.

Buckingham Palace bombed .

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Royal Troop Artillery dans Hyde Park .

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Churchill l’attend au pied de l’avion . elle revient Reine. le cabinet de W.Partie Princesse.

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He would have said 'Hyde Park Corner' which meant that the King had died. the Privy Councillors in attendance wore scarlet and gold medieval costumes • They had a code at Sandringham which was 'Hyde Park Corner'. The private secretary in Sandringham rung Buckingham Palace and got the private secretary there. . and then Churchill to inform them of the news.When a King or Queen dies. All these people had to be told before it could be officially announced. known as the accession declaration In 1952. • "That was his cue to go and see Queen Mary. the Accession Council meets in St James's Palace to announce a formal proclamation of the new monarch The new monarch must take a religious oath.

mère et fille . • épouse.• Trois reines en deuil.

elle accède au trône .Après avoir juré.

Proclamation de l’accession au trône .

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• Les deux épouses de Charles .

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dit Diana à la BBC .Dans notre mariage il y avait 3 personnes.

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Est-que tout le monde est tout à fait sûr que Mummy est morte? Demande le prince Harry .

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• Avant le dîner de ses 75 ans à Windsor .

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I dedicate myself anew to your service': Queen's vow as Diamond Jubilee celebrations begin with 62-gun Royal Salute on Accession Day .• 'In this special year.

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sa belle-fille et sa belle-petite-fille visitent Fortnum and Mason .La Reine.

1902 State Landau .

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TOUTES les autres princesses et duchesses doivent lui faire la révérence .La future Reine? • Elle vient de recevoir la plus haute distinction (Dame Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order).

La couronne impériale .

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en visite aux Etats-Unis et au Canada .• 1954.

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• ‘Il y avait trois personne s dans mon mariage’ .

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Raymill House .

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Le ‘Gloriana’. mais SM la Reine ne sera pas à bord .

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Le Britannia .

L'Ecosse ‘gardera’ la Reine si elle fait sécession .

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La Reine aime la couleur bleue .

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• 2002 • Portant les mêmes vêtements que lors de son couronne ment 50 ans plus tôt .

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legislation for the coming session and a review of the last session. • When is State Opening? • State Opening takes place on the first day of a new parliamentary session or shortly after a general election. • The Fixed Term Parliament Act. The next State Opening will take place on Wednesday 8 May 2013. received Royal Assent (became law) on 15 September 2011. This means that the next general election will be on 7 May 2015. Its main purpose is for the monarch formally to open Parliament and.• The State Opening of Parliament marks the beginning of the parliamentary session. . in the Queen's Speech. There will be a state opening soon after this date. which sets out new rules on the timing of general elections. deliver an outline of the Government's proposed policies.

The Duke of Edinburgh. The Queen. Her Majesty’s Coronation took place at Westminster Abbey on 2 June 1953. . and other Members of the Royal Family will attend a Service to celebrate the 60th Anniversary of the Coronation Service on Tuesday 4 June at 11am. nearly eighteen months after she succeeded her father.The 60th anniversary of The Queen’s Coronation in June 2013 will be marked with a service of celebration at Westminster Abbey. King George VI.

• L’avenir de la monarchie. les ducs de Cambridge et il reste toujours le Prince Harry en réserve .