CONDITIONAL SENTENCES

TYPE I

IF + SIMPLE PRESENT + SIMPLE FUTURE
(= SIMPLE FUTURE + IF + SIMPLE

PRESENT)

- If this area isn’t well advertised, people won’t come.
- I’ll pay cash if they don’t accept credit cards.

Variations:
1) If + Present Perfect + Simple Future
(= Simple Future + if + Present Perfect)
- If you have made the reservations, I’ll show you how to deal
with these
cancellations.
2) If + Present Continuous + Simple Future
(= Simple Future + if + Present Continuous)
- If you’re staying for another week, we’ll make you a
discount.
3) If + Simple Present + Simple Present
(= Simple Present + if + Simple Present)
- If I say “yes”, he says “no”.
4) If + Simple Present + Imperative
(= Imperative + if + Simple Present)
- If you want room service, dial 123.

- Let us know if you don’t accept the proposal.
5) If + Simple Present + must/should/ought to/can/may
(= must/should/ought to/can/may + if + Simple
Present)
- If your room doesn’t have air-conditioning, you should
change.
- If you are interested in local tours, you can take this leaflet.
- You may get there before ten if you take a taxi

TYPE II

IF + SIMPLE PAST + SIMPLE CONDITIONAL
(= SIMPLE CONDITIONAL + IF +
SIMPLE PAST)

- If the hotel had a swimming-pool, the price would be
different.
* In this type of conditional sentence, “were” can be used
instead of “was”.
- If I were you, I’d talk to the manager.

Variation:
1) If + Simple Past + could/might
(= could/might + if + Simple Past)

- If you worked in a travel agency, you could get cheap
holidays.
- You might alter the ticket if you tried again.

TYPE III

IF + PAST PERFECT + PERFECT
CONDITIONAL
(= PERFECT CONDITIONAL + IF + PAST

PERFECT)

- If we had known of your arrival, we would have prepared a
special room.
Variation:

1) If + Past Perfect + could/might + perfect infinitive
(have+past participle)
(= could/might + perfect infinitive + if + Past Perfect)

Conditional Sentences - Type I
a) Complete these sentences
1. If a credit card is damaged or defaced,
...................................................................
2. Dial 000 if
..............................................................................................
........................
3. I’ll have to change money at the hotel if
....................................................................
4. If you need any further information,
............................................................................
5. We’ll stay for a fortnight if
..........................................................................................
6. If you think the address is wrong,
..............................................................................
7. Call the manager if the guest
.....................................................................................
8. If Mr.Johnson calls,
..............................................................................................
.....
9. If Mrs. Green wishes to rent a car
,........................................................................
10. If the guests are not satisfied
,..................................................................................
11.Ask the housekeeper if
..............................................................................................
12.I’ll have to pay cash if
..............................................................................................
.....
13.Don’t bother other guests if
.....................................................................................
14.Turn off the air-conditioner if
....................................................................................

15.If the switch is faulty,
..............................................................................................
....
16. If you don’t speak English,
...........................................................................................
17.Don’t worry, sir, we’ll give you the money back if
................................................
18.I’ll be in the sauna if
..............................................................................................
.....
19.I’m sorry to hear that, madam. I’ll notify the police if
............................................
If we receive a MasterCard warning notice,
.........................................................