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Adverbs

Definition
Adverbs are words that describe, or modify, verbs, adjectives or other adverbs.

He ran quickly.
She spoke more slowly than he.

Most Spanish adverbs are formed by adding -mente to the feminine singular form of the adjective.
This ending corresponds to -ly in English.

Adjective

Fem. Form

Adverb

claro

clara

claramente

constante

constante

constantemente

difícil

difícil

difícilmente

Another way to form an adverb is to use the preposition con + the singular form of the noun.


Carefully
Perfectly
affectionately

Some adverbs do not follow any pattern of origination, and must simply be memorized. Here is a
list of some common ones:







too
badly
a lot
very
never
worse
little
always

Adverbs of Frequency   She takes the boat to the mainland every day. She finished her tea first. Adverbs of Purpose   She drives her boat slowly to avoid hitting the rocks. Positions of Adverbs One of the hallmarks of adverbs is their ability to move around in a sentence. Note that the first adverb is the same as the feminine singular form of the adjective.   Juan works slowly and carefully.    Solemnly the minister addressed her congregation. Adverbs of manner are particularly flexible in this regard. The minister solemnly addressed her congregation.") Kinds of Adverbs Adverbs of Manner  She moved slowly and spoke quietly. only the second one uses the -mente ending.When two adverbs modify the same verb. It's starting to get dark now. Adverbs We Can Do Without Review the section on Being Concise for some advice on adverbs that we can eliminate to the benefit of our prose: intensifiers such as very. The following adverbs of frequency appear in various points in these sentences: . She still lives there now. Adverbs of Place   She has lived on the island all her life. The minister addressed her congregation solemnly. Adverbs of Time     She tries to get back before dark. The boy spoke to him clearly and courteously. She often goes by herself. extremely. She shops in several stores to get the best buys. She left early. and really that don't intensify anything and expletive constructions ("There are several books that address this issue.

She has recently retired. Indefinite adverbs of time can appear either before the verb or between the auxiliary and the main verb:   He finally showed up for batting practice. . Before the verb used to:  I always used to see him at his summer home.Before the main verb:  I never get up before nine o'clock. Between the auxiliary verb and the main verb:  I have rarely written to my brother without a good reason.

1. He shouts ___________. She often sneaks out of the house ___________. He paints ___________. Fill in the words in brackets as adjective or adverb. Jim is a wonderful piano player. 9. This girl is very quiet. The boy is loud. 5. (Also) _________________________________ 2. 8. Did you enjoy the flight? (Both) _________________________________ 4. 3. (Hardly) (Ever) _________________________________ . 7. 2. 4. 7.Find the adjective in the first sentence and fill the gap with the adverb. 6. Our friends must write a test. She smiles ___________. 10. 5. 3.(pretty) The class is ________ lout today (terrible) Max is a ________ singer (good) You can ________ open this tin (easy) It’s a ________ day today (terrible) She sings the song ________ ( good) He is a ________driver (careful) He is a drives the car ________ (careful) The dogs barks ________(loud) Rewrite the complete sentence using the adverb in brackets in its usual position. The painter is awful. 6. She speaks English ___________. 10. Joanne is happy. He plays the piano ___________. 8. She is a good dancer. 1. He drives ___________. Our mum was angry. I was joking (only) _________________________________ 3. This exercise is simple. 2. She spoke to us ___________. Her English is fluent. He________ reads a book (quick) Mandy is a ________ girl. 1. 9. You ___________ have to put one word in each space. Mary watches TV. 4. She dances really ___________. My neighbour is a careless driver.

John fell off the bike.5. 8. We went to the cinema. My uncle is moving to Stockholm. Perfect Quiet Careful Regular Nice Terrible Heavy Good Hard Fantastic ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ . 2. (Careful) _________________________________ 6.(almost) _________________________________ 9. 10. 3. (Probably) _________________________________ 10. The children play football. 4. (in the garden) _________________________________ 7. Her boyfriend will buy her some flowers. 5. (Definitely) _________________________________ Form adverbs to the given adjectives 1. He drives his car. (Yesterday) _________________________________ 8. 7. 6. 9.