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CNCA -3KT. Programming manual.

(Chapter 1)
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Chapter 1 of this book describes chiefly the text-input commands, which can be used
for alterations of the existing text.

The Stoll C.N.C.A.-3 machine is controlled by a mini-computer.
Mini computers contain a great variety of micro processors, therefore a flexibility in
the service of the machine is reached, which previously was not possible.
How does this work in practice?
A pattern is typed into the mini-computer via a typewriter.
The main computer, which in future we shall refer to just as a computer, then gives its
instructions in the form of electrical signals to the electronic control. The electronic

. in the second case the present "text lines" are altered. stitch cams. Y: 1/2. The electronic control on its side passes information back e. until you are satisfied.strikers and needle selection. rear RR 2nd system front RR. you type the pattern directly into the machine. in order to make a transposition. which contains all instructions such as: cams. Further possibilities you can get to know from this handbook. Example: 60 <<S: R-R/R-0.g. With yam feeders 1 and 2 NP4-4 Stitch cam-position-front 4 and rear 4 SI S2 Knitting system 1 and knitting system 2 are in operation A knitting instruction for a carriage row can be written in one line in this manner. In the first case new instructions must be put in the computer. as for example yarn feeders. rear out (zero»out) Y: 1/2. then altered and. is the link between computer and machine. when the carriage runs through the reversal. yarn feeders. A computer SAVES material and time. But first we will look at one line with knitting instructions. A computer FACILITATES the servicing of the machine. alter it. racking etc. knit the sample. Then the data carrier is automatically created by the computer. A computer REDUCES the necessary time for the pattern and with it the cost of pattern creation. NP 4-4 SI S2 and a short explanation: 60 is the line number of this line Akmeans: carriage direction from right to left S:RR/R-0. The person attending must then only choose a size. Both are explained here. All the dependent size data for any number of sizes can be contained in a programme.control switches the magnets. The pattern input Normally for a pattern a knitting specification is made. Knitting instructions 1st system front RR. for data security. The electronic control therefore. A computer CHECKS an input knitting programme. In addition a computer allows you to knit patterns. which before could not be punched. What advantage does a computer offer to a knitting machine? A computer SIMPLIFIES the input of a knitted pattern. During the patterning the computer does not need data carrier. punched out again. These instructions are subsequently typed into the computer or an existing pattern is read into the computer.

AYYYYYYA "A" means 1st contrast 1005.. 1008. each one has an individual line number.... . AAYAA... means ground colour 1003. that each line begins with a line number All pattern information. Also here you see. A new line instruction replaces an old instruction.A. . The computer memorises the lines in ascending order of number. is put into the computer as text lines.A. Each line.. followed by the information. The line numbers from 1-999 are generally used for the input of control information (pasteboard cards). An example for this: 1000. 1002. AAYAA. AAAYAAA 1006.. 1004. machine control as well as jacquard.. On each shelf only one line can be laid. (As only one instruction can be held on one shelf). The knitting machine must be stopped for our example.AYA...AYA.. Jacquard motifs are "typed" in this way. The line numbers 1000-1999 are used for the jacquard information input. . So that you can specify to the computer which line of text you are altering or which you wish to print out. Or you could use the lines 60-80. Now the explanation of these line numbers: The line-memory of the computer is similar to a cupboard with 1999 shelves (For 1999 lines). The lines 81-90 would thus be free for later extension. the lines 81-90 for later extension and continue with 91119.AAAYAAA. Line numbers can be left free (for later extension). On each shelf exactly one line can be laid. Input via the keyboard We will now carry out the input of lines directly on the typewriter.. ... on which the line is laid. The line number now determines the shelf. beginning with the line numbers 1-50. .. A "programme" could thus be laid on the shelves 1-50.A pattern consists of several lines of this kind/. The typewriter is connected to the computer.. 1001. which stands on that line.. which is to be memorised begins with a line number.. "Y" means 2nd contrast 1007....Also jacquard information is memorised in lines.

This is done by pressing and holding down the key "CTRL" and pressing the key A. For cancelling you type: EALL <RET> <RET> means: Press the "RETURN" key. A line. Practice makes perfect: Therefore please carry out the input of lines directly on the machine. After each input of a line or of a command the RETURN key must be pressed. as for example the key with the figure 1 (it contains 1 and above it the !). This star (*) shows that the computer is now waiting for your instructions. This extra "control" key is used for certain functions with the text input. The machine must be stopped for this practice. an asterisk is announced on the printer. a new asterisk will appear. The racking is in the ground position. which is always used in connection with other keys. Before you begin. now work! The RETURN key will be indicated from now on by: < RET > EALL< RET> is a direct command to the computer.(Normally an input can be made with a running machine. here A. Sit down in front of the typewriter and type: <CTRL A> After this. by pressing this key together with the "shift key". you will reach the exclamation sign. If a key of the typewriter contains two symbols. as the programme memory of the machine will be erased. If you miss-type. (the "run" lamp on the console of the computer lights up). memorised the pattern programme on tape?). The RETURN key says to the computer: Input finished. As soon as an instruction has been processed by the computer. which is to be memorised always begins with the line number (1-1999). It means: . The computer runs. First you must "announce" yourself to the computer. The "CTRL" key is a special key. so long as it does not alter the knitting programme) The Sintral-tape is read into the computer (see chapter 5). (You have however. then the "text on this line". When in the future you see <CTRL A> it means: Press the "CTRL" key and simultaneously the key of the following letters. Finally release both keys again. then press the "RETURN" key and simply input the line with its line number once more. please cancel the text memory of the machine completely.

<RET>(Write from line 3 to the end) W2-8<RET> (Write from line 2-8) W.<RET> (Write from start to the end) You now know. hese lines. The computer should now repeat these lines. For each symbol to be cancelled the "DELETE" key is pressed once. therefore cancelled!). AND LINE 3 <RET> 10. Correction of typing errors in input The correction of typing errors in input is done via the "DELETE" key.Erase ALL. The old line 5 is thereby automatically cancelled.out. or cancel all lines. or print . LINE 2 <RET> 3. With this the memory is empty and you can begin with the practice. which are in the programme. For each cancelled symbol an oblique sign appears. how lines are input and how you can get the computer to write. Type: 5 THIS IS THE LINE 5 < RET > Wl-10 <RET> 5 <RET> (Line 5 is replaced by "no instruction". Wl-10 <RET> 8 LINE 8 <RET> W <RETV (Write the last input line) W3 <RET> (Write line 3) W-3 <RET^ (Write from start up to line 3) W3. LINE 10 <RET> With this you have input 4 lines into the programme memory of the computer. Type for this: " align="left" height="17" hspace="27" width="103"> (Write lines 1-10) Now add line 5. please type: 1. Example: (<DEL> means press "DELETE"-key) 8 ABCXY <DEL> / DEL} DEF <RET> W < RET> 8 ABCDEF will be written by the computer . THIS IS LINE 1 < RET> 2. line 5 is to be replaced by a new instruction. 1st example for the test input. for this type: 5 LINE 5 < RET> Wl-10 <RET> (Write line 1-10) Now.

<RET> These commands.A line can also be repeated before it is stored using the <RET> key.the computer knows still more commands.IMPORTANT: We recommend you.. suffice for use for every knitting programme input.. 'NEW' in a line. Repeat by: <CTRL R> Example for repeating: 8ABCXY < DEL> <DEL> <CTRL R> DEFGH <RET> W <RET> 8 ABCDEFGH will be written by the computer NOTE . You can input symbols. merely by typing the line number and RETURN. Please type line 1000 (jacquard line number) so: 1000. A. In order to make the input still more simple. then the computer always takes the last signalled line. correctly place lines by new inputs and cancel lines. or also be completely cancelled. replace only the first 'OLD' by e. 'Y <RET> Only the first '. Correcting lines that have already been input In the next example we shall replace the word 'OLD' by the word 'NEW'.. replace 'THE' with 'A') Result: 8 THIS IS A NEW LINE If no line number is given. change the word 'OLD' to the word 'NEW'.replace 'OLD' with 'NEW' C 'THE' A' <RET> (i. Cancelling the input via: <CTRL X> Example for cancelling the information held in a line: 6 ABCDEFGH <CTRL X> (Cancels the current input on this line) 6 LINE 6 <RET> W. the line 8 appears so: 8 THIS IS THE NEW LINE The command: C8 'OLD'NEW' is actually saying: In line 8. when you have cancelled symbols with <DEL> In this way the printing head on the printer will be re-positioned and the tabular input simplified.g. always to use the <CTRL> ... replace the word 'NEW' with 'nothing') Result: 8 THIS IS A LINE C will however.A. which you now know... ) .e.' is replaced by 'Y': (1000Y.e. i... C 'NEW'<RET> (i... <RET> Now type C'.e.. 8 THIS IS THE OLD LINE <RET> w<<ret> C8 'OLD'NEW' <RET> With this.

then type: E20-40 <RET> (erase the lines 20-40).A.YAY.33. Both commands. this command can have a variety of effects in a line. P means check and replace all occuring 'OLD' in a line by 'NEW': Example: W <RET> (1000 Y.Y. also make line 20) W. thus: 1.<RET> Ml-2> 20<RET> (from lines 1 to 2. <TAB> <TAB> T1 SI S2 <RET> 16 <TAB> <TAB> <TAB> <TAB> <TAB> <TAB> <TAB> <TAB> T1 SI S2 <RET> C' <TAB> ' ' <RET> Repeats of text with other line numbers. ) P'. <TAB> <TAB> <TAB> Y:2/3/4.etc < TAB> is treated by the computer like a letter.41. Using the tabulator key <TAB> The <TAB> -key can be used to bring the input text into a tabulated form so that e.Y) As you see.25. the command 'P' is introduced. For this.Y. These tabulator columns occur in spaces of 8 'letters'.<RET> If you now wish to cancel the lines 30-40. . also make lines from 20) W.. so that pressure on the key always brings you to the next tabulator column.. The tabulator key operates.17.9. Example: 15 <TAB> S:R-R...Sometimes it is desirable to replace all "points" by 'Y'.. W. 'C' and 'P' can be used so that: P1000-1222 'OLD'NEW'.' <RET> (1000 Y. Example: M1>20<RET> (from line 1.. in this way can alter whole groups of lines automatically.'Y' <RET> (1000 YYYYYAYYYYY) and: P'YY'Y. all yarn feeder instructions can stand under each other. a^TAB>is therefore also cancelled by a < DEL") .<RET> Punching a tape .g..

we will read it again. Before a programme is read into the memory of the machine. or with the alphabet. If you wish only e. Produce a programme print-out with: W-<RET> (write from start to end) . then you could make the command: PP 1200-1300 <RET> . Now.<RET> This command means: Punch paper tape. correct. to check: W.g.<RET> (the memory is cancelled!) Now place the tape in the left tape holder and the start of the tape in the reader. Then you can reduce the 'typing' to a minimum. and alter the text in the computer. use all other commands. to punch a jacquard motif. Reading-in a punched tape After the tape is punched. When you have more practice the machine. or with the input of a programme out of the pattern library. Now we will read-in a programme out of the pattern library in order to increase the practice of a practical example. the computer waits for the next imput. Now type: i PR <RET> (Paper tape Read-in) And now. Please cancel the memory through: EALL <RET> W. we first cancel the memory of the computer. At the start you will find it quicker to correct a line by writing it in again. another suggestion: Practice once more the text input with particular examples. the memory must be cancelled. for this you type: PP. Otherwise the tape would only read-in the previous lines and we would have no check of whether the reading-in is functioning properly. from start to end. (is the punch switched on?).<RET> You know now all commands with which you can put-in. Otherwise parts of the previous programme in the memory will be read with the new one for example: Jacguard patterns Cancel the memory with: EALL <RET> Place the punched tape for the pattern library: JAC-3-COL in the reader and type: PR <RET> (programme in) When the programme has been read-in the '*' appears again. For this.Now we will punch these text lines.

then you can read the number of revolutions for 1 piece on the display. As the computer "thinks in advance". Faults within jacquard patterns cannot be found. Explanation of the machine's display S6 L999 R2 > 45 < 55 T 123 S6 The piece counter stands at 6 (from 1 to 2000) L999 The current programme line is 999 R2> 45<55 Cycle has still to run 45 times out of a total of 55 T123 The machine has knitted 123 rounds of the piece When you instruct "TP" from the printer. but this helps you to read the written-out programme) Repeat "your" line 60 with: W <RET> Now practise with other lines. The computer does not need a tabulated input. When you instruct "TP" on the keyboard of the machine. We now cancel again the whole memory with EALL <RET> and read the "JAC-3C0L" programme in again (PR <RET>). The computer can find only "programme faults". You now have a finished pattern programme in the memory. or add optional lines to it. in this case it must be 1 round less. the display will overwrite "PATTERN OKAY". Type for this: TP<RET> (Test the Programme) and you can see on the display on the machine. You can obtain the number of rounds later however by asking for the contents of memory #126. Set the cycle counters RSI and RS 2 with: RSI = 4 <RET> (cycle counter 1 on 4 repeats) RS2 = 55 <RET> (cycle counter 2 on 55) (55 pattern revolutions) and the piece counter on 6 pieces: PC = 6 <RET> The computer should now check the input pattern.You can interrupt a print-out at anytime with <CTRL A> Now repeat the line 60 with: W60 <RET> Now cancel the line 60 and type this line with the same instructions again. (with <TAB> . as regards the input. thus 123 . so called "Syntax faults" or"logic faults". that "something happens" after a short time the computer announces: 999 PATTERN OKAY This means that the programme was checked up to the "END" which appears in line 999 and is in order. #126 <RET> (answer of the computer #126 = 124.

stop the machine again after the left reversal. For this. A mistakenly made alteration of the programme is thereby excluded.important: You should always set the machine in this position when you wish to switch off at the main switch. If you go too far into the needle bed and switch the current off. then. The computer cannot know. Besides. Now you will knit the pattern. 5 trailing. For this. As soon as you have knitted enough. you type: SO <RET> (security out. whether further instructions are to be given. when you switch on again. The number of rounds can then be converted into a "knitting time". the computer has automatically switched on a "memory security" for the programme lines. The yam feeders: Left Right 6 draw thread 2/5/6 ground yarn 3 1st contrast 4 2nd contrast The "ABCD" error indicator is still showing.the first knitting row must be "fixed" in order to knit a few rows rib or tubular. No attention need be given to the gauge. 'O' = NIL . in order to avoid needle breakage. The instructions in the programme will select the needles in the machine. During the first piece. start the programme with: SPF<RET> (Starts the programme and fixes the first knitting row) Turn a few rows with the crank handle before switching the machine on. Yam feeders: 2 leading. as the carriage could be already in the selection range of the needles. The carriage stands shortly after the left reversal.(the carriage should have moved l-5cm to the right).rounds). Now before a line in the programme can be altered. the computer will cancel the complete needle selection for the first row. or whether it may now work. now type SP <RET> (start the programme) and start the machine up. observe the stitch cam settings and the fabric take-down. The pattern programme has not yet started. NOTE . this safeguard must be held up. Now stop the carriage after the left reversal. Memory security By starting the programme.

S1<RET> switches the memory guard in) A pattern alteration: For example alter line 1416. W-<RET> PP-<RET>At the conclusion of the command "END". then the machine is freed with "start programme" and can be started. Printing-out or punching your pattern. then alter line "105 FA = 1-16" to "105 FA = 122". Or type from line 1400 to line 1430 a new pattern. If you get no "echo" from the machine when typing. you will also switch the text display to whichever keyboard you are using. you may stop this and continue. for example. or from line 1416 make line 1415 / <M1416> 1415 <RET> . By the way: Printing or punching can be done even when the machine is running. by: <CTRL S> (stops the display) CTRL< (Text on the display moves 16 places to the left) CTRL > (Text on the display moves 16 places to the right) <CTRL> (Continues with text output) . If the programme is okay. the carriage stands always at the left after the reversal. in order to switch off the keyboard completely: END <RET> (from the keyboard no input is possible except <CTRL A> An input is only possible again after <CTRL A> . For this. 16 stitches wide. then think of<CTRL A> With <CTRL A> . ( <CTRL A> = announce). If your pattern is to be wider than 16 stitches. After each alteration you should test the programme (TP). If details of the "running" display lines are given.