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proiectant .

designer
proiectorspot light
punctatorcentre point
raboteza..planer
sabar scraper/rabbler
saiba plata .plain washer
saiba de siguranta ..lock washer
sarma pentru sudura ..welding rod
smirghel..emery
spiral drill bit
stanta stamping masine
strung..lathe
subler .calliper
subler roti dintate ..tooth calliper
subler de adancime depth gauge
sudura autogena..oxi fuel gas welding
surubelnita . screw driver
surub cu cap imbus .socket head cap screw
sursa de energie. .power supply
taiere cu arc aer.. air carbon arc cutting
triodinagenerator/power source
valt pentru tabla plate roller
vinci hidraulic..hy draulic jack
banc de lucru....working bench

CUPTOARE
(FURNACES)
(HEATERS)
aprinzatorignition
arzator.burner
camera radiatie.radiation (radius) casing
combustibil..fuel
convectie..convection
cos de gaze arsestack
diagrama de uscare torcret..dry out diagram refractoring lining
economizor...economizer
fereastra de observatie..observer port
fundatie.foundation
pilot arzatorpilot burner ignition
perete..wall
scara acces cu rezematoare.ladder with cage
serpentina....coil
suflatoare de funinginesoot blowers
supapa de siguranta....safety valve
suport..support
suprafata de incalzire..heating surface
supraincalzitorsuper heater
torcret..refractory lining
tuburitubes
usa de acces.access door
ventil de scurgeredrain valve
ventilator..fun

DEFECTE IN SUDURA conf. CR-20


(WELDING DEFECTS in accordance with CR-20)
crestatura continua....undercut continuous
crestatura intermitenta.. undercut intermittent
defect de forma..imperfect shape
defect la radacina...root defect
exces de patrundere....excessive penetration
fisura...crack
fisura longitudinala.longitudinal crack
fisura ramificata..radiating crack
fisura transversala...transversal crack
incluziuni de flux aliniatelinear flux inclusions
incluziuni de flux izolate.isolated flux inclusions
incluziuni de zgura aliniate..linear slag inclusions
incluziuni de zgura izolate...isolated slag inclusions
incluziune metalica..metallic inclusions
incluziuni solidesolid inclusions
lipsa de topire...lack of fusion
lipsa de topire laterala
lack of side wall fusion or
sau la radacina...at root of the weld
lipsa de topire intre straturi..lack of inter run fusion
nepatrundere.lack of penetration
picatura.globule
retasura la radacina root concavity
sufluri...gas cavities
sufluri aliniate...linear porosity
sufluri sferoidale...gas pores
sufluri tubulare..worm holes
suprafete neregulate..irregular surface
DEFECTE SUDURI conf. ASME VIII
(WELDING DEFECTS in accordance ASME VIII)
sufluri tubulare.hole / wire
lipsa de topire...lack of fusion
nepatrundere.lack of penetration
fisuri..cracks
sufluri si ciupituri pe fata.blowholes and pitting
incluziuni.incluzions
crestaturi..under cuts
film echivoc.defect film
defect de suprafata.surface defect
INTERPRETARE (INTERPRETATION)
activitate radioactiva...radioactive activity
clasa de severitateseverity class

ETANSARE METALICA
(MECHANICAL SEAL)
arcurisprings
bucsa etansare..seal sleeve
burdufbellows
caseta etansarii..retainer
conwedge ring
corp etansare.seal body
inel O.O ring
inel carbune....face
inel metalic (stationar)....seat
presetupa.gland
sistem spalare.flushing sistem
sistem racirecooler sistem

VIBRATII
(VIBRATIONS)
acceleratie.acceleration
accelerometruaccelerometer
amplitudineamplitude
analizare.analysis
axial...axial
colector de date.data collector
diagnosticare..diagnosis
faza.phase
orizontal..horizontal
spectru.spectrum
soft organizare baza de datedata organiser
vibrometru...vibrometer
viteza....velocity
vertical..vertical

CONDUCTE
(PIPES)
blindablind
brataraclamp
calaretriding
cot..elbow
dimensiune.size
dispozitivdevise
izolatie termica..thermal insulation
flanse..flange
formarea rostului.swelding
legatura prin flanse..flange joint
lira de compensaretube compensatory
mufa.bush
oala de condenstrap
pluta..cork
polistiren..polystyrene
polizor....grinding machine
por.pore
robinet de retinere.not return valve
reductie.reducer
saiba..washer
saniera/colier...collier plate
sapato dig
sita.strainer
stut.nozzle
sudurawelding
suflare cu abursteam blowing
suport sustinere.hanger
teu.T-square
tirant cu ochi sudat.weldet eyelet tir rod
vata de sticlaglass wadding

COLOANE DE FRACTIONARE
(TOWERS)
abaterea negativa la grosimeunder tolerance
adaos de coroziune..corosion allowance
breviar de calcul .calculation sheet
buton de ridicare.lifting lug
capac.cover
cartea recipientuluitehnical documentation
clopotei..bell cap
coeficientul de rezistenta al imbinarii sudatejoint efficiensy
cordon de sudura...bevel weld
dosar de sudura..weld dossier
desendrawing
deversor.dawn comer
echipament interior..internal equipment
electrod suduraelectrode
element fixare ..fixed element
flansa oarba.blind flange
fund elipsoidal.elliptical head
fund semisferic..hemispherial head
gaurahole
grinda.beam
grosimethickness
grosimea necesara.required thickness
grosimea adopata...adopted thickness
gura de vizitareman way
guseugusset
incercare la etanseitate..tightness test
inel...ring
inel de intarire.reinforcing ring
inel suport taler..tray support ring
interior utilaj.internally
izolatie termica.insulation
scurgere (de produs).leak
manson.wall sleeve
manta.shell
nervura...rib
piulita.nut
placa..plate
prezonbolt

perete lateral.wall plate


proba de presiune hidrostatica..hidrostatic test
racord alimentarenozzle feed
racord de aerisire.nozzle vent
raza interioara dupa corodareinside radius excluding
corrosion allowance
retea hexagonala...hexagonal mesh
rigidizare.stiffener
segment talertray floor
sarma de sudura.welding wire
saiba.washer
supapa glitchglitch valve
taler..tray
temperatura de lucru...operating temperature
ureche de ridicare.lifting lug

SCHIMBATOARE DE CALDURA
(HEAT EXCHANGER)
amplasare tuburi..tube spacing
camera de intoarcerereturn chamber
capaccover
capac plat.cover plate
camera de distributiechannel cover
distribution channel
canal..channel
capac flotant..floating head
capac micdished head
compensator de dilatatiebellow expansion joint
desen.drawing
desurubarea unui prezon..unbolt
deflector...deflector
distantierdistance pipe
distributia tevilortube pitch
-patrat
square
-triunghi
triangle
dop.plug
dop filetat NPT.plug NPT
fascicul tubulartube assembly (grid)
gaura.hole
garnitura capaccover gasket
garnitura racord..nozzle gasket
grosimetickness
inel prindere capac micclamp ring
insurubare prezon...bolt up
manta.shell
mandrinare.expanded
mufa filetata NPT..boss NPT
numar de tuburi.number of tube
opritor..split
parametrii de functionare.specifications
-presiunea de calcu
desing pressure
-presiunea de proba
test pressure
-temperatura de calcul
desing temperature
-numar de treceri
number of passes

placa tubularatube sheet


placa deflectoare..impingement plate
placa de intarire..saddle plate
placa de timbru.name plate
pozitie de montajitem
piulita...nut
prezon.bolt
pregatire pentru revizie personala..preparation for inside coating
racord..nozzle
racord pentru AMC.measuring connection for PI/TI
rigid.rigid/stiffness
ring de etansaresealing ring
ring de proba.test ring
schita de masuratoridimensioned sketch
sicana transversalabaffle
sicana longitudinalasealing strip
sicana camera de distributiepass particion plate
spatiu mantashell side
spatiu tubular...tube side
suport ghidaj fascicular tubular. ..sliding stripe
suprafata de etansare..gasket surface
suprafata fasciculului.tube surface
surub de deplasare.jackscrew
tiranttie rod
teava fascicul.tube
tija filetata.threaded rod
tratament termic..heat treatment
ureche de prindere..lifting lug
virola...shell ring

COMPRESOR CENTRIFUGAL
(CENTRIFUGAL COMPRESSOR)
ansamblu rotoric..rotor assembling
batiu.frame
calitatea uleiului...oil quality
carcasa compresorcompressor case
centrare.anilignment
corpul lagarului.bearing house
cuplaj dintat..gear coupling
curba caracteristica.characteristi (curve)
difuzorclock wise/contra clock wise diffuser
deplasare axiala.axial position
echilibrare..balansing drum
etansare fara contact..non contact mechanical seal
etansare cu labirintilabyrint gland
etansare mecanica.mechanical seal
fundatie.foundation
fusul arborelui...shaft neck
haba de uleioil tank
lagarbearing
lagar dintr-o bucata.bush bearing
lagar cu buzunare mulltiple.manifold pockets bearing
lagar axialthrust bearing
lagar cu pastile oscilante..tilting pad bearing
lagar axial cu pastile oscilantethrust bearing tilting pad
multiplicator....increase speed gear
nivel de ulei..oil level
pompaj..surge
pompa ulei etansare..seal oil pump
pompa ulei ungere.lub oil pump
presiune maxim admisibila..allowable pressure
presiune nominala...nominal pressure
pulsatie proprie..resonance frequency
randament.efficiency
rezonantaresonance
rotorrotor
sistem antipompaj..anti surge system
ulei de etansareseal oil
ulei de ungere...lub oil
ventil esapare..blow-off valve
ventil regulator.regulating valve
vibratie..vibration

POMPE CENTRIFUGE
(CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS)
arbore..shaft
bucsa distantierinter stage sleeve
bucsa labirintwear bushing
bucsa uzura.wear sleeve (wear bushing)
camera de racire..cooling housing
capac aspiratie.suction cover
capac lagar..bearing cover
corp pompa.casing
corp etansare...sealing body
corp intermediar.intermediate frame
corp lagarbearing housing
diafragma.inter stage diaphragm
difuzor aspiratie.suction diffuser
difuzor dreapta..clock wise diffuser
difuzor stangacontra clock wise diffuser
distantier....spacer
etansare mecanica..mechanical seal
etansare moalepecking
inaltime de aspiratie...suction lift
inel labirint.casing wear ring
inel labirint aspiratiesuction casing wear ring
inel O.O ring
instalatie spalare etansare..feeding piping
instalatie de descarcare...pressure relief
instalatie de amorsare.priming piping
lagar axialthrust bearing
lagar radialradial bearing
NPSHNet Positive Suction Head
rotor aspiratiesuction impeller
rotor dreaptaclock wise impeller
rotor stanga..opposite clock wise
rulment...ball bearing
rulment axial.thrust ball bearing
rulment conic..tapered roller bearing
rulment cu un singur rand de role...single row bearing
rulment cu doua randuri de role..two-row bearing

-inel interior rulment.inner race bearing


-incarcarea (capacitatea).load carrying capacity
-inel exterior rulment.outer race bearing
-rolaroller
-rola cilindricacylindrical roller
-role conice.taper roller
-role sferice.spherical roller
-role ac.needle roller
-bila..ball
-colivie.cage
-serie rulment...series bearing
rulment radial.radial boll bearing
sita..strainer
tambur echilibrare...balancing drum
vaselinavaseline/petrolatum

COMPRESOR CU PISTON
(RECIPROCATING COMPRESSOR)
arbore cotitcrank shaft
arc..spring
amortizor...damper
aspiratie..suction
baia carteruluicrankcase oil
bielaconnecting rod
boltpin
bucsa bielaconnecting rod bushing
dilatare...expansion
canal pentru segment...piston ring groove
cap crucecross head
cap biela.connecting rod big end
carter.crankcase
cilindru..cylinder
chiulasacover cylinder
clapet supapa.valve flap
contragreutate arbore cotit.crank shaft balance
corp biela.connecting rod body
cuplaj...coupling
expandor.expander
fanta.gap/slot
fund canal segmentgroove ring bottom
glisiera (patina).cross tie rod
joc lateral al segmentului..piston ring side clearance
lagar manetonconnecting rod bearing
lagar palier...crank shaft bearing
manta de racire cilindrucylinder case
motorengine
nervuri..cross ribs
pana...key
piston.piston
picior biela.connecting rod small-end
piulita.nut
racitor intermediar.inter cooler
refulare..discharge
rost de dilatareexpansion joint
segment de ghidare....guide ring
segment de etansarepiston ring/pressure ring
separator de picaturi.drop trap

spatiu mortdead space


supapa aspiratiesuctoin valve
supapa refularedelivery vulve
suprafata de etansare supapa...valve face
suprafata de etansare...guide surface
tija.rod
tirant transversalcross tie rod
volanta...fly wheel

SUDURA
(WELDING)
analiza de metal depus..deposit analysis
arzatortorch
asamblare prin sudura..welded connection
carte de sudura.welding book
cordon de sudura..welded seam
cusatura..welded joint
cusatura la locul de montaj.welded on site
cusatura cu completare la radacinaweld with back sealing run
detaliu de sudura.joint design
electrodelectrode
flansa sudatawelded neck flange
margine a cusaturii.weld edge
masina de sudurawelding machine
material de bazabase material
metal depus..deposited metal (filler metal)
otel sudabilweld iron
preinalzire.preheat
procedeu de sudare.welding process
ruptura/crapaturawelded break/crack
sens de sudare.weld progression
ascendent..uphill
descendentdownhill
sarma de sudura..weld weir
spatiu la radacinaroot spacing
strat de suduraweld layer
sudorwelder
sudura cap la capbutt welding
sudura de colt..corner joint
teava sudatawelded pipe
temperatura intre straturiinter pass temperature
tensiune rezidualawelding stress
viteza de sudare..travel speed

METALE
(METALS)
alama.brass
aliaj.alloy
aliaj Ni-Cu (Ni~40-63%; Cu~28-34%)..MONEL alloy
aliaj Ni-Cr (Ni~45-78%; Cr~14-25%)INCONEL alloy
aliaj Ni-Fe-Cr (Ni~30-46%; Fe~22-42%; Cr~17-20%).INCOLOY alloy
aluminiu...aluminium
bronz..bronze
cupru..copper
crom..chrome
fontacast iron
otelsteel
otel inoxidabilstainless steel
staniu/cositor....tin
zinc.zinc
CARACTERISTICI MECANICE
(MECHANICAL SPECIFICATION)
alungire (A%)elongation
calire superficiala..surface hardening
calitatea suprafeteisurface finish
casant/fragil...britlle/frail
dur...hard
duritate.hardness
ecruisarestrain hardness
eprubeta...specimen
gatuire (Z%)reduction of area
moalesoft
otel calit.quenched steel
profil (U; I etc.).shape
rezilienta..impact test/energy of impact
rezistenta la curgere..yield point
rezistenta la tractiunetensile strength
sarcina/tensiune....stress
tractiune.tensile test

VERBE NEREGULATE
(Irregular verbs)
I. One forme
Infinitiv
To burst
To cast
To cost
To cut
To hit
To hurt
To let
To put
To set
To slit
To spread
To thrust
To upset
To wet

Trecut
burst
cast
cost
cut
hit
hurt
let
put
set
slit
spread
thrust
upset
wet

Participiu trecut
burst
cast
cost
cut
hit
hurt
let
put
set
slit
spread
thrust
upset
wet

Traducere
a crapa
a arunca
A costa
A taia
A lovi
A rani, a vatama
A permite , a lasa
A pune
A aseza, a pune
A crapa
A intinde
A imbranci
A rasturna
A uda

Trecut
abode
awoke
beat
became
besought
bent
bound
burnt
bought
caught
clung
came
crept
dared
durst

Participiu trecut
abode
awoke
beaten
become
besought
bent
bound
burnt
bought
caught
clung
come
crept
dared
durst

Traducere
a locui
a se trezi
a invinge, a bate
a deveni
a implora
a indoi
a lega
a arde
a cumpara
a prinde
a se agata
a veni
a se tr

II. Two forms


Infinitiv
To abide
To awake
To beat
To become
To beseech
To bend
To baind
To burn
To buy
To catch
To cling
To come
To creep
To dare

a ndrazni

Infinitiv
To deal

Trecut
dealt

To dig

dug
digged

To dream
To dwell
To feed
To feel
To fight
To find
To get
To have
To hear
To hold
To keep
To lay
To lead
To learn
To leave
To lend
To light
To lose
To make
To meet
To misunderstand
To overcome
To pay
To read
To run
To say
To seek
To sell
To send
To shine
To shoot
To sit
To sleep
To smell
To spend
To spoil
To stand

dreamt
dwelt
fed
felt
fought
found
got
had
heard
held
kept
laid
led
learnt
left
lent
lit
lost
made
met
misunderstood
overcame
paid
read
ran
said
sought
sold
sent
shone
shot
sat
slept
smelt
spent
spoilt
stood

Participiu trecut
dealt
dug
digged

Traducere
a se ocupa

dreamt
dwelt
fed
felt
fought
found
got
had
heard
held
kept
laid
led
learnt
left
lent
lit
lost
made
met
misunderstood
overcome
paid
read
run
said
sought
sold
sent
shone
shot
sat
slept
smelt
spent
spoilt
stood

a visa
a locui
a hrani
a simti
a lupta
a gasi
a primi
a avea
a auzi
a tine
a tine, a pastra
a aseza
a conduce
a nvta
a lasa, a parasi
a imprumuta cuiva
a aprinde
a prinde
a face
a intilni
a intelege gresit
a invinge
a plati
a citi
a alerga
a spune
a cauta
a vinde
a trimite
a straluci
a trage, a impusca
a sedea
a dormi
a mirosi
a cheltui, a petrece
a strica
a sta in picioare

a scapa

To sweep
Infinitiv
To teach
To tell
To think
To understand
To win

swept
Trecut
taught
told
thought
understood
won

To work

worked

swept
Participiu trecut
tought
told
thought
understood
won
worked
wrought

a matura
Traducere
a invata, a preda
a spune
a gandi, a crede
a intelege
a castiga

Participiu trecut

Traducere

a lucra

III. Three forms


Infinitiv
To be
To begin
To bite
To break
To choose
To do
To draw
To drink
To drive
To eat
To fall
To fly
To forget
To forgiv
To forgo
To give
To go
To grow
To know
To mistake
To ring
To see
To sing
To slay
To slide
To smite
To speak

Trecut
was
were
began
bit
broke
chose
did
drew
drank
drove
ate
fell
flew
forgot
forgave
forwent
gave
went
grew
knew
mistook
rang
saw
sang
slew
slid
smote
spoke

been

a fi

begun
bitten
broken
chosen
done
drawn
drunk
driven
eaten
fallen
flown
forgotten
forgiven
forgone
given
gone
grown
known
mistaken
rung
seen
sung
slain
slid
smitten
spoken

a incepe
a musca
a sparge
a alege
a face
a trage
a bea
a conduce
a manca
a cadea
a zbura
a uita
a ierta
a renunta
a da
a merge
a creste
a sti
a intelege gresit
a suna
a vedea
a canta
a ucide
a aluneca
a lovi
a vorbi

To spring
Infinitiv
To steal
To stick
To stink
To swim
To take
To throw
To underlie
To wake
To wear
To withdraw
To write

sprang
Trecut
stole
stuck
stank
stunk
swam
took
threw
underlai
woke
wore
withdrew
wrote

sprung
Participiu trecut
stolen
stuck

a sari
Traducere
a fura
a lipi , a infige

stunk

a mirosi urat

swum
taken
thrown
underlain
woken
worn
withdrawn
written

a inota
a lua
a arunca
a sustine
a se trezi
a purta, a fi imbracat
a se retrage
a scrie

NUMERALUL CARDINAL
The cardinal numeral
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
101
152
200
300
400
1.000
1.001
1.012
1.247

one
two
three
four
five
six
seven
eight
nine
ten
eleven
twelve
thirteen
fourteen
fifteen
sixteen
seventeen
eighteen
nineteen
twenty
twenty-one
twenty-two
thirty
forty
fifty
sixty
seventy
eighty
ninety
one (a) hundred
one (a) hundred and one
one (a) hundred and fifty-two
two hundred
three hundred
four hundred
one (a) thousand
one (a) thousand and one
one (a) thousand and twelve
one (a) thousand two hundred and forty-seven

2.000 two thousand


3.000 three thousand
1.000.000
one (a) million
1.000.000.000
one (a) milliard

NUMERALUL ORDINAL
The ordinal numeral
1st the first
2nd the second
3(r)d the third
4th the fourd
5th the fifth
6th the sixth
7th seventh
8th eighth