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QoS 2.

Configuring LFI
Lab Solutions

Lab Solution
Task 1: Configuring Multilink PPP
Step 1

The following commands need to be entered on R1 and R2 routers.


interface serial0/1
no ip address
Configuration 1: Configuration description

Step 2

The following commands need to be entered on R1 router.


interface multilink1
ip address 10.2.1.1 255.255.255.0
bandwidth 384
Configuration 2: Configuration description

The following commands need to be entered on R2 router.


interface multilink1
ip address 10.2.1.2 255.255.255.0
bandwidth 384
Configuration 3: Configuration description
Step 3

The following commands need to be entered on R1 and R2 routers.


interface serial0/1
encapsulation ppp
ppp multilink
ppp multilink group 1
Configuration 4: Configuration description

Step 4

The following commands need to be entered on R1 and R2 routers.


interface serial0/1
no service-policy output llq-policy
Configuration 5: Configuration description

Task 2: Enabling Interleaving


Step 6

The following commands need to be entered on R1 router.


R1#ping 10.2.1.2
Type escape sequence to abort.
Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 10.2.1.2, timeout is 2 seconds:
!!!!!
Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 104/139/152 ms
Configuration 6: Configuration description

The following commands need to be entered on R2 router.


R2#ping 10.2.1.1
Type escape sequence to abort.
Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 10.2.1.1, timeout is 2 seconds:
!!!!!
Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 96/132/164 ms
Configuration 7: Configuration description
Step 7

The following commands need to be entered on R1 and R2 routers.


R1#show ip ospf neighbor
Neighbor ID
10.3.1.2
101.1.1.8
R1#

Pri
0
1

State
FULL/ FULL/BDR

Dead Time
00:00:36
00:00:34

Address
10.2.1.2
10.1.1.10

Interface
Multilink1
FastEthernet0/0

Dead Time
00:00:38
00:00:37

Address
10.2.1.1
10.3.1.10

Interface
Multilink1
FastEthernet0/0

R2#show ip ospf neighbor


Neighbor ID
10.2.1.1
102.1.1.8

Pri
0
1

State
FULL/ FULL/DR

Configuration 8: Configuration description


Step 8

The following commands need to be entered on R1 and R2 routers.


interface multilink1
ppp multilink fragment delay 10
ppp multilink interleave
Configuration 9: Configuration description

The following commands need to be entered on R1 and R2 routers.


R1#show ppp multilink
Multilink1, bundle name is R2
Bundle up for 00:03:27, 158/255 load
Receive buffer limit 12192 bytes, frag timeout 1000 ms
0/0 fragments/bytes in reassembly list
0 lost fragments, 0 reordered
0/0 discarded fragments/bytes, 0 lost received
0x3D38 received sequence, 0xA3A6 sent sequence

Configuring LFI Lab Solutions

Copyright 2006, NIL Data Communications

Member links: 1 active, 0 inactive (max not set, min not set)
Se0/1, since 00:03:27, 480 weight, 472 frag size
Configuration 10: Configuration description

Q: What is the fragment unit size?


A: The fragment unit size is 472 bytes
Step 9

The following commands need to be entered on R1 and R2 routers.


interface multilink1
service-policy output llq-policy
Configuration 11: Configuration description

Step 10

The following commands need to be entered on R1 and R2 routers.


R1#clear counter serial0/1
Configuration 12: Configuration description

Step 12

The following commands need to be entered on R1 and R2 routers.


R1#show interface serial0/1
Serial0/1 is up, line protocol is up
Hardware is PowerQUICC Serial
Description: towards R2
MTU 1500 bytes, BW 384 Kbit, DLY 20000 usec,
reliability 255/255, txload 212/255, rxload 195/255
Encapsulation PPP, LCP Open, multilink Open, loopback not set
Last input 00:00:00, output 00:00:00, output hang never
Last clearing of "show interface" counters 00:01:42
Input queue: 0/75/0/0 (size/max/drops/flushes); Total output drops: 0
Queueing strategy: weighted fair [suspended, using FIFO]
FIFO output queue 0/40, 0 drops
5 minute input rate 295000 bits/sec, 342 packets/sec
5 minute output rate 320000 bits/sec, 367 packets/sec
42747 packets input, 4652623 bytes, 0 no buffer
Received 0 broadcasts, 0 runts, 0 giants, 0 throttles
0 input errors, 0 CRC, 0 frame, 0 overrun, 0 ignored, 0 abort
42665 packets output, 4654281 bytes, 0 underruns
0 output errors, 0 collisions, 0 interface resets
0 output buffer failures, 0 output buffers swapped out
0 carrier transitions
DCD=up DSR=up DTR=up RTS=up CTS=up
Configuration 13: Configuration description

Q: On R1 and R2 routers, observe what type of queuing operates on the Serial0/1


interface now?
A: On the Serial0/1 interface FIFO queuing is active now.
Step 13

The following command needs to be entered on R1 and R2 routers.


R1#show interface multilink1
Multilink1 is up, line protocol is up
Hardware is multilink group interface
Internet address is 10.2.1.1/24
MTU 1500 bytes, BW 384 Kbit, DLY 100000 usec,
reliability 255/255, txload 211/255, rxload 204/255
Encapsulation PPP, LCP Open, multilink Open
Open: CDPCP, IPCP, loopback not set
DTR is pulsed for 2 seconds on reset
Last input 00:00:06, output never, output hang never
Last clearing of "show interface" counters 00:48:02
Input queue: 0/75/0/0 (size/max/drops/flushes); Total output drops: 28405
Queueing strategy: weighted fair
Output queue: 63/1000/64/28405/30642
(size/maxtotal/threshold/drops/interleaves)
Conversations 1/2/128 (active/max active/max total)

Copyright 2006, NIL Data Communications

Configuring LFI Lab Solutions

Reserved Conversations 5/5 (allocated/max allocated)


Available Bandwidth 120 kilobits/sec
5 minute input rate 308000 bits/sec, 354 packets/sec
5 minute output rate 319000 bits/sec, 372 packets/sec
24253 packets input, 2568170 bytes, 0 no buffer
Received 0 broadcasts, 0 runts, 0 giants, 0 throttles
0 input errors, 0 CRC, 0 frame, 0 overrun, 0 ignored, 0 abort
27834 packets output, 3078306 bytes, 0 underruns
0 output errors, 0 collisions, 6 interface resets
0 output buffer failures, 0 output buffers swapped out
0 carrier transitions
Configuration 14: Configuration description

Q: On R1 and R2 routers, examine the multilink interface and observe how many
packets have been interleaved?
A: 30642 packets have been interleaved.
Note

Configuring LFI Lab Solutions

The values can vary based on the moment the command is used.

Copyright 2006, NIL Data Communications