Mech of Materials - Lab 1 - report

© All Rights Reserved

55 views

Mech of Materials - Lab 1

Mech of Materials - Lab 1 - report

© All Rights Reserved

- Tensile Test
- Unit1 From Mechanics of Materials by b c Punmia
- tensile testing asm standard
- Tensile Test
- Exp 1
- manufacturing processes
- L3 Process Technology.pdf
- Aaron Hill Thesis
- MEMORANDUM REPORT NO. 2760
- 05 Tension Test
- Correlation Between Engineering Stress-strain and True Stress-strain Curve
- assign
- ENGINEERING MATERIALS
- mechnical properties or polymers and metals
- Experimental Investigation on the Confining Effect of Fibers in SHFRCC
- uniaxial test
- CHAG-MEC32-CO1.pdf
- 10-Chapter 5 Text 2011
- Overheads 2 Mechanical Properties(1)(1)
- Papr Hassan

You are on page 1of 15

Abstract ...................................................................................................... 2

Introduction ............................................................................................... 3

Errors Faced And their effects ............... Error! Bookmark not defined.

Conclusion ................................................................................................. 9

Recommendation ..................................................................................... 13

References ............................................................................................... 14

Appendix ................................................................................................. 15

1

Mechanics Of Materials Lab

Abstract

We conducted the tensile test experiment to get the force elongation data and diagrams

for the tested materials (like TH 4015 of 0.1% carbon steel). The diagram would include the

stress-strain graph. The main aim of performing this experiment is to get the elasticity E, yield

strength, ductility, modulus of toughness and ultimate strength. Finally, describe the specimen

profile at each step in the test for the material.

2

Mechanics Of Materials Lab

Introduction

As we mentioned before, the aim of this experiment is to find the material properties of

the selected specimen. How we are going to do that is by finding the stress- strain curves of the

specimen. To find out stress and strain we are going to apply a certain force on the specimen and

find out the corresponding deflection in the specimen.

So let us start by defining some important terms and concepts that we will face in this lab

report.

Stress is the force applied on a specified area. Its unit is same as Pressure Pascal. There

are two types of stress compressive and tensile stress.

Strain is the ratio of the change in length over the original length. It is a unit less

property.

Youngs Modulus of Elasticity is the ratio of stress over strain before the limit of

proportionality. It is discovered by a scientist named Thomas Young. It is called as the stiffness

of a material the bigger the Modulus value, the more the stiffness.

Limit of Proportionality is the limit till which point the Hookes Law is valid. Before

that point stress is directly proportional to stress.

Elastic Limit is the limit after which a material experiences plastic deformation. The

material will not return to the original length.

Ultimate Tensile Strength is the point where the maximum stress is applied. At this

point the slope of the stress strain curve is zero and necking starts to occur.

3

Mechanics Of Materials Lab

Breaking Point/ Fracture - The point where the specimen breaks/ fractures.

Necking The point at which even reduced loading can lead to increased extension.

Ductility It is the ability of a material to withstand plastic deformation without

breaking. It can be found by using any one of the two equations below.

Toughness Total area under the curve.

4

Mechanics Of Materials Lab

Apparatus

1)

most important apparatus in this

lab is the tensile testing machine.

Using this machine we can apply

tensile force on the specimen and

find out the corresponding

extension. We can connect the

machine to laptop to record the

measurements of force applied

and the corresponding extension.

2)

in this experiment is 0.1 %

Carbon Steel (TH 4015).

3)

the thickness/ diameter and the

gauge length of the specimen.

5

Mechanics Of Materials Lab

4)

to the testing machine to collect

all the measurements and give us

the readings.

Figure 4- Laptop

6

Mechanics Of Materials Lab

Test Procedures

1) Measure the original length of the gauge.

2) Calculate the cross sectional area of the specimen by finding its diameter using Vernier

Caliper.

3) Put the specimen between the two chucks of the testing machine and fix it.

5) Increase the tension force slowly at a constant rate until the breaking point occurs. And

then report the changes in the specimen profile during testing.

6) Use the software program to draw the diagram that will show the relationship between

the force and extension.

7) Take out the tested specimen and examine its fracture surface pattern.

8) Lastly, measure the final cross section area and the gauge length.

7

Mechanics Of Materials Lab

Results

Since the number of values measured is too much, we are not attaching the data file here.

But we will attach the graph here.

500

450

400

350

Stress (MPa)

300

250

200

150

100

50

0

-0.05

0.05

0.1

0.15

0.2

0.25

0.3

Strain

Nominal Stress,

8

Mechanics Of Materials Lab

Problems Faced

The original graph of the readings that we are given has some problems with it. That is why we

had to edit the graph. Here are some problems we faced with the previous graph and the changes

we made to it.

1)

The first few readings in the

original graph shows an

enormous extension with

ZERO stress. Using logic, we

know that this is

IMPOSSIBLE. Thus we have

removed the first few values

and have taken the first

extension point only when the

stress is applied.

2)

used to find the values of strain.

We found that the formula used

to find the values of strain had

the wrong values of total length.

It should be 83 mm instead of

173 mm. This gave us wrong

strain values.

ZERO

STRESS

9

Mechanics Of Materials Lab

Data Analysis

2) a)

b)

c)

d)

e)

f)

10

Mechanics Of Materials Lab

11

Mechanics Of Materials Lab

Discussion

This experiment was intended to find the tensile strength of different material. To

conduct this experiment, we used Universal Testing Machine; the machine was set in a way that

we can pull the specimen from each side and the force applied can be calculated. The elongation

of the specimen was measured by extensometer attached to the upper side of the specimen. The

process was continued until the specimen ruptured.

The values of force applied at different times and the respective extension was noted.

With these tabulated values, we calculated the corresponding values of stress and strain by

computing values in the above mentioned formulae. After getting values of stress and strain, we

plot the graph of stress against strain. With the help of the graph, we will find and predict the

properties of the material. From the graph, we predicted the proportionality limit, toughness,

ultimate strength, and the ductility of the specimen material.

With respect to the results we got,

12

Mechanics Of Materials Lab

Conclusion

In this experiment, we find out the ability of the specimen under a force i.e. how much it

can bear the force. This test reflects the kind of material whether it is good for the different

applications. The very first step that was taken was to measure the length of the specimen and

calculate its area. By using the tensile-testing machine tensile force was applied on the specimen

until it breaks. Later, finding the stress, strain and the change in length that occurred after the test

has been performed. Lastly, the software program produces the graph showing relationship

between the force and the extension.

However, there were several factors that may have affected the results. Temperature can

be one of the factors as due to change in temperature it may cause expansion and contraction.

Thus, the dimensions may vary, and it can give us false results. The following picture below

shows the break of the specimen. As it is clear from it that the breaking point didnt occur from

the middle. That is the machine used applied the tensile force from once side. Whereas, the

correct elongation require the tensile strength on both sides of the specimen.

Recommendation

[how to remove the errors]

13

Mechanics Of Materials Lab

References

14

Mechanics Of Materials Lab

Appendix

Formalus and one example of finding the solution

15

Mechanics Of Materials Lab

- Tensile TestUploaded bydwimukh360
- Unit1 From Mechanics of Materials by b c PunmiaUploaded bysimalaravi
- tensile testing asm standardUploaded byNinad Pawar
- Tensile TestUploaded byMohamed Reeza
- Exp 1Uploaded bySharania Udhaya Kumar
- manufacturing processesUploaded bySubramanian Manivel
- L3 Process Technology.pdfUploaded bywalter091011
- Aaron Hill ThesisUploaded byefackopa
- MEMORANDUM REPORT NO. 2760Uploaded byAnonymous UmsFkI
- 05 Tension TestUploaded byamokhta
- Correlation Between Engineering Stress-strain and True Stress-strain CurveUploaded byrodrigo93_vg
- assignUploaded bynicole
- ENGINEERING MATERIALSUploaded byAmit Singh
- mechnical properties or polymers and metalsUploaded byWyatt Gray
- Experimental Investigation on the Confining Effect of Fibers in SHFRCCUploaded byJorge Garcia
- uniaxial testUploaded byanil chejara
- CHAG-MEC32-CO1.pdfUploaded byCloie Chavez
- 10-Chapter 5 Text 2011Uploaded bymedievolo
- Overheads 2 Mechanical Properties(1)(1)Uploaded byMason Said
- Papr HassanUploaded byFABIAN FIENGO
- 09.Yasmine Material Lab ReportUploaded byJack Jong
- Solution 1Uploaded byNooruddin Sheik
- Tensile Testing of MetalsUploaded byAli Alanni
- lab material 1.docxUploaded byEssa Baker Hazaimah
- 6_Tests for Mechanical PropertiesUploaded byf1yy
- ResumoUploaded byrafroid
- theory qts and prac. numericals SOM.pdfUploaded byKevin Dias
- 1.AEP Intro.pdfUploaded byanon_999896239
- ch06Uploaded byMert Turfanda
- Informe MantequillaUploaded byCamila Buenaventura

- Introduction to lego ev3Uploaded byshihabsultan
- Project DroneUploaded byshihabsultan
- Life Coaching Sana InputUploaded byshihabsultan
- Advanced Robotics - DesignUploaded byshihabsultan
- MTT101 Syllabus - SpringUploaded byshihabsultan
- Cover Page-MEC 351Uploaded byshihabsultan
- Solved Problems-Ch30 - Sources of Magnetic Field- NewUploaded byshihabsultan
- 11)Printing, Plotting and Layout Commands (1)Uploaded byshihabsultan
- 192 Uncer t RulesUploaded bySiddharth Rajendran
- Insaf Homeo HealthUploaded byshihabsultan
- Ch 29 Tutorials Problems.with SolutionsUploaded byshihabsultan

- M.tech Mech Machine DesignUploaded bykishorebondada78
- Small-Scale Safety and Performance Characterization of New PUploaded bybrowar444
- deformasi plastisUploaded byAbitama Mukti
- D-Bolt TDS 20140129Uploaded byMatt Clark
- Advanced Failure TheoriesUploaded byFatima Ahmed
- Torsion TestUploaded byanon-735529
- Parameter Refreched Chaboche Model for Midl Steel Cyclic PlasticityUploaded byFred
- Ratcheting - Appropriate Hardening Rule for A516Uploaded byAnonymous UoHUag
- Hardening Soil Model (Plaxis)Uploaded bybogdan tanasoiu
- CE 6306 Strength of Materials Two MarksUploaded byGokulraju Rangasamy
- 663.pdfUploaded byAgustin Jose Marcuzzi
- 4. Non Linear Analysis of Bolted Extended End Plate Steel Beam to Column ConnectionUploaded bymirosek
- Application to Fracture MechanicsUploaded byupi_v_foru256
- Steels explainedUploaded byradou99
- CryogenicsUploaded byRetheesh Balakrishna Pillai
- IBR-Piping STD. CatalogueUploaded byKARTHIGEYAN.R
- Analytical Investigation On Cold-Formed Steel Built-Up Section Under FlexureUploaded byijaert
- MMD2501_Session_15 & 16Uploaded bygulsrik
- ANSYS Autodyn Users Subroutines TutorialUploaded bymedvehagyma
- JMat_users_guide.pdfUploaded byNafisa
- 2005.06 Design of Shear Tab Connections for Gravity and Seismic LoadsUploaded bygreg_mercurio_1
- Practical Advanced Analysis for Semi-Rigid Space Frames - S.E. Kim S.H. ChoiUploaded byloox600
- metallurgyUploaded bycsrajesh
- Computational Modeling of Tungsten Carbide SphereUploaded byVan Thanh Doan
- zap lok.pdfUploaded bysimon
- Mechanical Report Scrubber.rev3Uploaded byluthfi fikri baskoro
- Dnvgl Ru Ship Pt3ch1Uploaded byDavid Ignacio Cueto Collao
- UT-1-2012-06-17Uploaded byvishal27042233
- Wave Load and StructuraAnalysis for a Jack-Up Platform InUploaded byshuyong2006
- #Derivation of Mechanical Properties for SandUploaded bykingmajor