The Epistle of St.

Paul

The Apostle to the Galatians

This letter was written to the Galatians, which lived in Asia Minor between Cappadocia and Phrygia. Gentile Christians. Holy Spirit. again. They were converted 52 A.D. by St. Paul, and were

They were good Christians, being baptized and recieved the

Paul visited them a second time, and saw their great faith

But after his second visit, Paul learned that some Jewish teachers had

come to the area to teach beliefs contrary to his doctrines, such as the necessity of circumcision and other Mosiac rites. They also wanted to make

Paul look like he didn't know what he was talking about, and make his teaching look bad. They said that Paul disregarded the sacredness of Mosaic Law and

circumcision, which were external signs of God's covenant with man, and thereby doubted the truth of the Lord's divine promises. Since Paul was in

Ephesus at the time, he was unable to make correction by visiting his Galatian friends, so he corrected it by writing this letter. contains his own defense of his doctrine and purpose. This Epistle

He shows justification

in Mosaic Law, but also faith in Jesus Christ, who rose from the dead for our sins. He concludes by stating that Mosaic Law was not something that was The subject

permanent, and that it is not an essential part of Christianity.

matter of this Epistle is similar to the Epistle to the Romans and the Second Epistle to the Corinthians. The reason for this is that these Epistles were It was

written when Paul was in the same frame of mind, so his work showed it. probably written at Ephesus about the year 54 A.D., but it may have been written somewhat later, from Macedonia or Corinth. and divided Epistle. Its format is:

It is a very well-organized

Introduction Chapter 1 I. Personal Defense

1. Defense of his Apostolate 2. Defense of his Gospel Chapter 2 II. Doctrinal

1. Justification from Faith not from the Law Chapter 3 2. Christians live in a State of Freedom Chapter 4 III. Moral 1. General Counsels Chapter 5 2. Specific Counsels Chapter 6 Conclusion Paul opens with a prayer, giving peace to the reader. He then says that if

anyone tries to teach a gospel other than that of Christ's, they should be cursed and taken out of God's kingdom. it is not of human origin. Apostles. He defends his Apostate and states that

He then talks of how he was approved by the He tells the

He then gives a short doctrinal on Christianity.

Galatians that to be a Christian you need faith, and you need the Spirit in you. The men of faith are sons of Abraham, he tells them. He then tells them

that you are cursed if you rely on the Law.

The Law was meant to lead Christ. By dying on the cross

Therefore when Christ came, the Law had no more purpose. Christ redeemed us from the curse of the Law. now, and that there is no return to slavery.

He says that Christians are free He says that you should walk in The fruit of the

the Spirit, and you will be guided along the road to heaven. Spirit is:

charity, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faith, modesty,

continency.

Paul says that they who belong to Christ have crucified their He says that we should bear one another's Therefore if anyone Be

flesh with its passions and desires.

burdens, and so we will fulfill the law of Christ.

thinks himself to be something, whereas he is nothing, he fools himself. not decieved, God is not mocked. should do good to all men.

Paul tells us that while we have time, we

In his conclusion, Paul states that the Galatians

should follow Christ and His way to be saved and enter God's kingdom, and then he gives a blessing.