This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Table Of Contents
Background Indonesia’s Plan Of Action Jambi Master Plan Action Programmes Experience and Lessons Learnt Conclusion Annex A: Timeline of Activities by the Singapore Project Team Annex B: Speeches at Handover Ceremony of the Air and Weather Monitoring Stations on 24 July 2009 in Jambi Province State Minister of Environment (Indonesia) H.E. Rachmat Witoelar Minister for the Environment and Water Resources (Singapore) Dr. Yaacob Ibrahim Governor of Jambi H.E. Zulkifli Nurdin Muaro Jambi Regent H.E. Burhanuddin Mahir Acknowledgements 3 4 5 9 18 20
Transboundary smoke haze from land and forest fires during the dry period between June and October has been a regular feature in the southern South-East Asia region in the past few decades. These annual fires are caused mainly by land clearing and “slash and burn” agricultural practices in Sumatra and Borneo. The smoke haze situation is usually exacerbated when it coincides with the El Niño, a climatic phenomenon that often leads to extended drier weather conditions in the region.
In 1997-98, about 10 million hectares of Indonesia’s forests, one of the world’s centres of biodiversity, were destroyed in fires started mostly in oil palm plantations and agricultural and forestry holdings on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo. More than 20 million people were exposed to breathing high levels of pollutants known to cause both acute and long-term health effects.Several airports in the region had to be shut down due to poor visibility. Total economic losses across the region were estimated at around US$9 billion.
Regional Haze Map showing the smoke haze in 2006
Indonesia’s Plan of Action
Following the last major smoke haze episode in 2006 which had affected Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore and southern part of Thailand quite badly, the five ASEAN countries have taken action to tackle the transboundary smoke haze issue by setting up Sub-Regional Ministerial Steering Committee on Transboundary Haze Pollution (MSC). Notwithstanding this, the regional smoke haze problem continues to persist. One possible reason could be the need to tackle the land and forest fires in Sumatra and Borneo have not cascaded down to the community at the provincial and district levels. Recognizing this, Indonesia formulated specific action plans to prevent and mitigate fires at the provincial and district levels under its National Plan of Action (PoA). Indonesia identified 35 fire-prone districts in 8 provinces for attention. Indonesia’s PoA invited ASEAN member countries to collaborate with a fire-prone province or district in Indonesia to enhance its capacity to tackle land and forest fires there.
Indonesia’s Plan of Action Commencement Date Budget Allocated Target Provinces Identified 9 November 2006 750 billion Rupiah Hotspots reduction to 50% of 2006’s levels 1. Central Kalimantan 2. East Kalimantan 3. Jambi 4. Riau 5. South Kalimantan 6. South Sumatra 7. West Kalimantan 8. West Sumatra
Jambi Master Plan
In response, Singapore offered to collaborate with Jambi Province and Indonesia’s State Ministry of Environment [Kementerian Negara Lingkungan Hidup (KLH)] to develop a Master Plan to deal with land and forest fires in Jambi Province. Jambi Province is located in Southern Sumatra and has a population of 2.7 million with a land area of 5.3 million hectares. Singapore sent a team of officers to Jambi for a fact-finding mission in January 2007 to understand and assess the ground conditions, legislation and enforcement regime of the existing fire prevention and mitigation capabilities and programmes in Jambi. Jambi officials briefed the Singapore Project Team on the institutional set up, availability of resources, etc, in Jambi to deal with land and forest fires. Jambi Governor, Bapak Zulkifli Nurdin also met with the Singapore Team to express his commitment to the collaboration between Jambi and Singapore.
Following the fact-finding mission, the Singapore Project Team prepared the Framework of the Master Plan, which was then sent to Jambi and Jakarta, for comments and inputs. Officials from Jambi and KLH were also invited to Singapore to work on the Framework of the Master Plan. The framework was finalized with the signing of the Letter of Intent (LOI) between KLH and MEWR (Ministry of the Environment and Water Resources) in November 2007 to formalize the development of the Master Plan and the implementation of agreed activities to deal with land and forest fires in Muaro Jambi Regency for a period of two years.
Signing ceremony of the Letter Of Intent (LOI) on the development and implementation of the agreed activities to deal with land and forest fires in Muaro Jambi Regency
The Jambi Provincial Government selected Muaro Jambi Regency based on the following considerations: • The Regency is fire-prone • The proximity of the Regency to Kota Jambi (many residents in Kota Jambi were affected by the smoke haze caused by the land and forest fires in 2006.) • The Regency has many archaeological sites of great historical importance that warranted protection from fires Muaro Jambi Regency is one of nine regencies in Jambi province. The Master Plan sets out the strategy and approach for land clearing without the use of fire, as well as the prevention and mitigation of peatland fires in Muaro Jambi Regency. It outlines a model for sustainable “land clearing” practices. The key focus of the Master Plan is on Fire Prevention. The Master Plan belongs to Jambi and is implemented by Jambi authorities.
Jambi Province highlighted in green
Under the Master Plan, Singapore provided technical assistance to Jambi in the implementation of some specific programmes. If successfully implemented, the Jambi Master Plan can serve as a model for other fire-prone regencies/districts in Indonesia.
Summary of Master Plan
It is under the ownership of the Indonesian Government. Jambi and KLH are responsible for the development and implementation of the Action Programmes under the Master Plan. Singapore and other stakeholders, including ASEAN Member Countries, international and regional organizations, will assist Jambi and KLH in the implementation of the programmes under the Master Plan, if requested by Indonesia. Singapore offers funding, technical expertise and assistance to implement some specific action programmes under the Master Plan.
For a period of 2 years, Jambi provincial officials worked closely with Singapore’s project team to ensure the successful implementation of the Action Programmes (AP) under the Master Plan. In terms of financial support, Singapore set aside a sum of S$1 million to implement seven selected Action Programmes under its technical assistance to Indonesia. The seven selected Action Programmes are as follows: 1. Workshop to develop the capacity of the Jambi officers in reading and interpretation of satellite imagery and hotspot Information 2. Socialization workshop on sustainable farming and zero-burning practices 3. Development of land-use map for Muaro Jambi Regency 4. Installation of a Geographical Information System (GIS) to support regional fire and haze monitoring and assessment 5. Setting up air and weather monitoring stations and development of a Fire Danger Rating System (FDRS) 6. Review of the fire prevention and suppression capability and capacity of plantation companies and relevant stakeholders in Muaro Jambi Regency 7. Training workshop on fire prevention and suppression capabilities Jambi and Singapore have successfully completed all the seven programmes identified under the ambit of the Indonesia-Singapore collaboration. In the meantime, Singapore has also developed 2 new additional action programmes, viz “Peatland management knowledge base and training programme” with Singapore-Delft Water Alliance (SDWA) and “Enhancement of aquaculture expertise in Jambi” with Singapore Food Industries (SFI).
(1) Workshop to Develop the Capacity of the Jambi Officers in Reading and Interpretation of Satellite Imagery and Hotspot Information Objective: To train the Indonesian officials in the area of satellite imagery interpretation. Details: Under this Action Programme, a workshop was organised for officials dealing with environment, forestry and land management issues. The workshop covered the principles of satellite remote sensing, understanding of the basis for hotspot and smoke haze detection using satellites, interpretation of satellite images and basic knowledge of ambient air quality monitoring. Two runs of the workshop were conducted in Singapore in January 2008 and March 2008, by officers from Meteorological Services of Singapore and the Pollution Control Department of the National Environment Agency (NEA). Outcome: Officials from Jambi provincial government and KLH who attended the workshops became proficient in satellite imagery interpretation and subsequently acted as trainers for their respective officers in their provinces and organisations.
Participants attending the satellite imagery interpretation workshop
(2) Socialization Workshop on Sustainable Farming and Zero-Burning Practices Objective: To increase the knowledge and capability of participants in preventing and managing fires in the land and forests. Details: Jambi provincial government and NEA jointly organized the workshop with support from PT Wira Karya Sakti, a pulp plantation company. Held in April 2008 in Jambi, the workshop was attended by participants comprising village chiefs, community leaders, government officials and non-governmental organizations. International experts on peatland management and forest fire suppression such as Singapore-Delft Water Alliance (SDWA) and Asia Pacific Resources International Ltd (APRIL) also shared their experiences at the workshop. Hands-on training were conducted at PT Wirkarya Sakti’s Community Development Centre. Outcome: Besides increasing the knowledge and capability of participants in preventing and managing fires in the land and forests, the workshop also raised the awareness among local community on fire prevention & suppression, sustainable farming practices and zero-burning land clearance methods.
Programme Partners: Asia Pacific Resources International Ltd (APRIL) PT Wira Karya Sakti Singapore-Delft Water Alliance (SDWA)
Participants attending the Workshop
” From the workshop, we learn about sustainable farming…identify obstacles and ways of overcoming them. “ - Pak Roslan from ArangArang Village 11
(3) Development of Land-Use Map for Muaro Jambi Regency Objective: To develop an up-to-date land use map for Jambi officials to identify and monitor areas affected by forest/plantation fires and which they can use for their fire prevention planning. Details: The map was developed by Singapore’s Centre for Remote Imaging, Sensing and Processing (CRISP), in close consultation with officials from Muaro Jambi Regency Planning Board. Satellite imagery data was utilized to conduct a general land analysis of the Muaro Jambi region to map out forested areas, grasslands, plantations etc. Outcome: The up-to-date land use map has enabled the Jambi officials to identify and monitor areas that are affected by forest/plantation fires. In addition, the map is useful to the Jambi government in their land resource planning to meet the challenges faced by the Regency, especially in the area of deforestation.
Discussion on the land use map
“The land use map will be useful in our land resource planning. It also helps identify areas that are affected by land and forest fires.” - Pak Dasra, Muaro Jambi Regency
Programme Partner: Centre for Remote Imaging, Sensing and Processing (CRISP)
(4) Installation of a Geographical Information System (GIS) to Support Regional Fire and Haze Monitoring and Assessment Objective: To develop a system to support regional fire and haze monitoring, and generate information on hotspot activities in Muaro Jambi Regency. Details: GIS can be used to manage, analyze and display geographically referenced information, such as hotspot information generated from satellite data. It could also be used to generate useful monitoring information, which can be used by the Indonesian officials to identify areas affected by land and forest fires. Such information is useful in the assessment of the regional fire and smoke haze situation. Outcome: GIS was implemented since July 2008 to generate accurate information on areas affected by land and forest fires from satellite data.
GIS application enables zooming into the regency from the regional image of Sumatra
(5) Setting up Air and Weather Monitoring Stations and Development of a Fire Danger Rating System Objective: To install monitoring stations to measure the level of particulate matter (PM10) in ambient air, wind speed and direction, temperature, relative humidity and rainfall. Details: Two automated air monitoring stations and two weather monitoring stations were installed in Jambi Province. The air monitoring stations enable Jambi residents to have access to daily Pollutant Standards Index (PSI) readings. These readings are useful during periods of haze episodes, as the PSI readings would be used to activate the issuance of health advisories and implementation of health protection measures for the local residents. In addition, during periods of dry weather, the data obtained from the newly installed weather monitoring stations are used as inputs for the Fire Danger Rating System (FDRS). The System generates a Fire Danger Rating Index (FDRI), which denotes the risk of forest/vegetation fire occurrence. The Index is helpful in planning fire management resources and giving early warning to prevent land and forest fires. Outcome: The air and weather monitoring stations have been installed succesfully and are operating well. The officers from Muaro Jambi’s environmental office have been trained to operate and carry out simple maintenance and trouble-shooting of the air and weather monitoring equipment. To mark the completion of the air and weather monitoring stations, a handover ceremony was held on 24 July 2009 in Jambi Province. The event was hosted by the Governor of Jambi and graced by the Environment Ministers from both Indonesia and Singapore.
State Minister of Environment (Indonesia) Bapak Rachmat Witoelar giving his Opening Address at the Handover Ceremony
Minister for the Environment & Water Resources (Singapore) Dr Yaacob Ibrahim giving his remarks
Air and Weather Monitoring Station at Sengeti Bapak Zulkifli Nurdin, Dr Yaacob Ibrahim, Bapak Rachmat Witoelar signing the plaque at the handover ceremony of the air and weather monitoring stations in Jambi Province
(from right) CEO(NEA) Mr Andrew Tan, Deputy Minister (KLH) Ibu Nelly (center) together with officials and students at the tree planting ceremony
Equipment used to monitor particulate matter (PM10)
(6) Review of the Fire Prevention and Suppression Capability and Capacity of Plantation Companies and Relevant Stakeholders in Muaro Jambi Regency Objective: To conduct a review of the fire prevention and suppression capability and capacity of plantation companies and relevant stakeholders in Muaro Jambi Regency. Details: NEA had partnered Asia Pacific Resources International Ltd (APRIL), a company with pulp and paper concessions in Sumatra to carry out this action programme. APRIL had offered the services of their fire safety and aviation manager, Mr Brad Sanders, who has extensive ground experience and expertise on fire prevention and suppression in Indonesia. Mr Sanders conducted the review in Jambi in November 2008, together with a team of officers from NEA, Jambi Provincial Government and Muaro Jambi Regency.
The Jambi and Singapore project team members visiting a village in Muaro Jambi Regency
Outcome: The review carried out included an assessment of existing fire-fighting arrangements in Muaro Jambi Regency and their capabilities and effectiveness in fire prevention and suppression. The review also identified gaps in fire-fighting arrangement among the provincial government, concessionaires, community plantations, Manggala Agni (fire brigade) and local village brigades in Muaro Jambi Regency. The findings and recommendations have been shared with the Jambi provincial government and used in a training workshop to bridge the gaps identified. The training workshop is the 7th action programme. Programme Partner: Asia Pacific Resources International Ltd (APRIL)
(7) Training Workshop on Fire Fighting and Suppression Capabilities Objective: To conduct training on fire-fighting for the villagers, Manggala Agni (Fire Brigades) and other stakeholders such as plantation companies and District Officials. Outcome: The stakeholders were taught that fire prevention was the most effective way of minimizing and managing fires. Several strategic measures were identified and compiled into an Action Plan to be disseminated to the relevant stakeholders, especially the Provincial and Regency Government so that there would be better coordination between the stakeholders to suppress the land and forest fires. Programme Partner: Asia Pacific Resources International Ltd (APRIL)
Participants undergoing fire-fighting training practices
“…this workshop allows people from the government agencies, villagers and private sector to work together to develop sustainable fire management strategies….”- Pak Hari, participant from the local palm oil plantation.
Experience and Lessons Learnt
Importance of Communication The Singapore Project Team established contact with their Indonesian colleagues in Jambi Province in January 2007 after Indonesia invited ASEAN countries to collaborate with its fire-prone provinces/regencies to prevent and mitigate land and forest fires under the Indonesia Plan of Action (PoA). Together, they worked to understand the local ground conditions in tackling land and forest fires. The officials from both countries also met over several months to discuss and develop the action programmes. With the strong leadership from the Governor of Jambi, commitment by his provincial officials, as well as support from KLH, the officials from both countries were able to successfully complete all the 7 action programmes within two years. During the dry season in 2008, the Jambi officials were able to utilise the tools developed under the action programme such as hotspot information and land-used map, to monitor the hotspots situation in Jambi and also develop fire suppression strategies. NEA officials also provided support and worked closely with the Indonesian officials to understand the ground situation. Contributions of Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) Apart from the Jambi provincial government, Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) also played an important role in the implementation of some of the projects. For instance, Yayasan Pinang Sebatang (PINSE), an active environmental NGO in Jambi, was involved in some of the projects such as the socialisation workshop on sustainable farming and zero burning practices. PINSE worked closely with the Jambi provincial government and had built up good rapport with the Jambi community. During the socialization workshop, PINSE used their good local contacts to garner support from the village chiefs and villagers to participate at the workshops and also promote zero burning practices in the local community.
Partnership with Experts Experts not only bring on-board technical knowledge but also provide useful contacts in the area of fire control and management. Through partnerships with experts such as Singapore-Delft Water Alliance (SDWA), research and appropriate strategies were developed to mitigate the fires in degraded peatlands. Peatland fires are a major source of transboundary smoke haze affecting the region. Availability of Real-Time Information on Weather and Air Quality The Pollutant Standards Index (PSI) and the Fire Danger Rating Index (FDRI) provided useful information to provincial authorities and the local community to prevent and mitigate land and forest fires. These data benefitted the community by providing early warning of dry conditions and early detection of land and forest fires. The accurate measurement of the relative severity of dry conditions also serves as an aid to fire control programmes. In the longer term, the information obtained could be used to assist the province in agriculture, farming, aviation, research, etc. The Jambi provincial government through its Badan Lingkungan Hidup (Environment Office) has taken over and is now managing the air and weather monitoring stations.
While the Indonesia-Singapore collaboration in Jambi province has progressed well, we recognized that the combined efforts in Jambi represents only a small part of a much larger challenge faced by Indonesia, as land and forest fires are not just an environment issue in Indonesia, but also affects the economy and health issue as well. The experiences and lessons gained through this collaboration have enabled the local community and plantation companies in the province to be better prepared to do their part to prevent the fires and smoke haze problems. The experiences gained in the implementation of the Jambi Master Plan can be replicated in other fire-prone provinces and in the long run help to bring about a haze-free ASEAN.
Annex A: Timeline of Activities by the Singapore Project Team
• A team of MEWR and NEA officials visited Jambi to understand the ground situation, established contacts with key Jambi officials and worked with these Jambi officials to scope out the key elements of the Master Plan. • Following the Fact-Finding Mission, the team prepared the Framework of the Master Plan. The Framework was sent to Jambi and Jakarta for their views and comments.
• Invited Jambi and KLH officials to Singapore to develop the Framework with the objective to review and finalize the Master Plan. • Call on the Jambi Governor to discuss the Jambi Master Plan. • Visited Jambi with Singapore Food Industries (SFI) to establish contacts with the Jambi Governor and his officials, and to explore possible projects in Jambi province. • SFI conducted feasibility study on the fishery and pineapple industries and the infrastructure available to support them. • The findings were presented to the Jambi Governor.
Feb – Oct 2007
• Discussion with KLH on the Master Plan. • Jambi officials presented and sought endorsement from Jambi Governor and KLH on the Master Plan.
• Letter of Intent (LOI) was signed between Indonesia and Singapore on 7 Nov 2007 to formalize the development of the Master Plan and the implementation of agreed activities to deal with land and forest fires in Jambi for a period of two years. • Call on the Governor and presented to him the LOI. Also discussed the implementation of the programmes under the LOI. • NEA officers and the Jambi provincial officials conducted site visits to identify possible locations for the air and weather monitoring stations.
• First run of training on interpretation of satellite imagery and hotspot information workshop conducted for officials from Jambi provincial government and KLH. • Senior Jambi provincial officials visited Singapore to discuss the implementaion of other action programmes.
• Second run of training on interpretation of satellite imagery and hotspot information workshop was conducted for officials from Jambi provincial government and KLH.
• Socialization workshop on sustainable farming and zero-burning practices was conducted to increase the knowledge and capability of participants in preventing and managing land and forest fires. • Met with the Jambi provincial officials to seek feedback on the completed programmes and also to follow up on the outstanding action programmes.
• Muaro Jambi officials visited CRISP to discuss the development of the land-use map. • Finalised land-use map for Muaro Jambi Regency was developed and given to Indonesia.
• Geographical Information System (GIS) was installed. • Call on the Jambi Governor to seek his concurrence on the proposed handover ceremony of the air and weather monitoring stations to be held in Jambi. • Also updated the Governor on two new Action Programmes. • NEA technical officers and contractors assisted the Jambi officials to prepare the site for the air and weather monitoring stations.
Aug - Oct 2008
• Oversee the installation and commissioning of the air and weather monitoring stations. •Trained the Jambi provincial officials on the operation and maintenance of the air and weather monitoring stations.
• Review of the fire prevention and suppression capacity of plantation companies and relevant stakeholders in Muaro Jambi Regency was conducted. • The air and weather monitoring stations were commissioned. • Discussion with the Jambi and KLH officials on the handover ceremony of the air and weather monitoring stations. • Handover ceremony of the air and weather monitoring stations was held on 24 July 2009 in Jambi. • Training workshop on fire prevention and suppression capabilities was conducted.
Jan – Jun 2009
Annex B: Speeches at Handover Ceremony of the Air and Weather Monitoring Stations on 24 July 2009 in Jambi Province
SAMBUTAN MENTERI NEGARA LINGKUNGAN HIDUP PADA ACARA “HANDOVER OF PM10 AND WEATHER MONITORING STATIONS BY THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF SINGAPORE TO THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA” Muaro Jambi, 24 July 2009
Yth. H.E. Dr. Jacob Ibrahim, Minister of Environment and Water Resources, The Republic of Singapore, Yth. Bpk. Zulkifli Nurdin, Gubernur Jambi, Yth. Bpk. Burhanuddin Mahir, Bupati Muaro Jambi, dan Seluruh Undangan yang terhormat, Assalamualaikum warrohmatullahi wabarokatuh, salam sejahtera, Pertama-tama saya ucapkan puji syukur kepada Allah SWT yang dengan perkenanNya acara ini dapat diselenggarakan pada hari ini. Ucapan terima kasih saya sampaikan kepada Pemerintah Provinsi Jambi yang telah memfasilitasi penyelenggaraan acara serah terima peralatan pemantauan particulate matter kurang dari 10 mikron (PM10) dari Pemerintah Republik Singapura kepada Pemerintah Republik Indonesia. Selain itu, penghargaan juga saya sampaikan kepada Pemerintah Kabupaten Muaro Jambi yang telah bersedia menjadi tempat penyelenggaraan acara. Hadirin yang saya hormati, Saya mengajak seluruh elemen masyarakat Jambi untuk membangun Jambi dengan mengedepankan etika dan norma yang telah dibangun dan disepakati, termasuk didalamnya berbagai aturan hukum, baik di tingkat daerah maupun nasional.
Tujuannya adalah untuk memastikan bahwa berbagai kegiatan atas nama pembangunan untuk Jambi khususnya tidak hanya memikirkan kepentingan dan manfaat jangka pendek. Hal ini penting karena berbagai kegiatan pembangunan kita masih banyak bersandarkan kepada pemanfaatan langsung sumberdaya alam, yang apabila sumberdaya tersebut sudah terkuras maka fungsi lingkungan sangat sulit untuk dikembalikan mendekati keadaan semula atau bahkan jika dibiarkan rusak akan memerlukan biaya yang sangat besar untuk merehabilitasinya melebihi nilai pendapatan nominal yang diperoleh. Dalam hal pengendalian kebakaran hutan dan lahan, dengan dukungan semua pihak dibantu iklim yang basah maka pemerintah Indonesia telah berhasil menekan jumlah titik panas sebesar 52% pada tahun 2007 dan 49% pada tahun 2008 dibandingkan dengan jumlah titik panas pada tahun 2006. Tetapi pada tahun 2009, menurut data pemantauan titik panas Kementerian Negara Lingkungan Hidup (KLH) sampai dengan minggu ini, di wilayah Sumatra jumlah titik panas adalah 6615 dan sudah melebihi jumlah titik panas pada periode yang sama pada tahun 2006 yaitu 5365 titik panas. Keadaan yang sama ini juga terjadi di Jambi dimana jumlahnya adalah 710 titik panas pada tahun 2009 dibandingkan 392 titik panas pada tahun 2006. Khusus untuk Kabupaten Muaro Jambi, jumlah titik panas terdeteksi sampai saat ini di tahun 2009 adalah 15 titik panas, lebih rendah dibandingkan pada periode yang sama tahun 2006 yaitu sejumlah 46 titik panas. Kecenderungan peningkatan jumlah titik panas pada bulan akhir-akhir ini di tahun 2009 menimbulkan perhatian kita karena disamping Indonesia tidak akan dapat mencapai target penurunan titik panas, kondisi ini juga telah meniadakan upayaupaya yang telah dan sedang dibangun selama ini. Adapun target penurunan jumlah titik panas yang tertuang dalam rencana aksi nasional perubahan iklim adalah sebesar 50 % sampai tahun 2009, sebesar 75% sampai tahun 2012 dan 95% sampai tahun 2025. Hadirin yang saya hormati, Ijinkan saya untuk sekilas memberikan uraian tentang latar belakang terjadinya kerjasama Indonesia dan Singapura mengenai pengendalian kebakaran di Provinsi Jambi. Hal ini dibangun dari pertemuan Technical Working Group (TWG) dan Ministerial Steering Committee (MSC) yang secara rutin diselenggarakan di tingkat regional. Pertemuan ini bertujuan untuk membangun kerjasama regional terkait pengendalian kebakaran hutan dan lahan serta pencemaran asap lintas batas. Kerjasama diperlukan karena isu ini sudah menjadi perhatian tidak hanya di tingkat nasional, tetapi juga tingkat regional dan internasional. Isu yang dibicarakan termasuk dampak kebakaran hutan dan lahan yang berupa asap yang telah merugikan di berbagai bidang termasuk bidang ekonomi, kesehatan dan lingkungan hidup khususnya bagi Indonesia sendiri dan dirasakan juga di negara-negara lain seperti Singapura dan Malaysia. Pada gilirannya, dampak berupa asap lintas batas tersebut telah meng26
ganggu jalannya pembangunan di Indonesia dan negara yang juga terpapar. Undangan yang terhormat, Indonesia memerlukan dukungan dari negara lain dalam pengendalian kebakaran hutan dan lahan. Kerjasama yang dibangun antara lain dengan Pemerintah Singapura yaitu untuk mencegah dan menanggulangi kebakaran hutan dan lahan serta dampaknya di Provinsi Jambi. Kerjasama ini tertuang dalam Letter of Intent (LOI) yang telah ditandatangani pada tanggal 7 Nopember 2007. Berdasarkan LOI yang telah ditandatangani tersebut bahwa kegiatan yang diidentifikasi dan disepakati untuk dilaksanakan dalam kerangka LOI ini harus disepakati oleh dua negara. Untuk itu, kegiatan yang dilaksanakan harus dapat mendukung Provinsi Jambi dalam pengendalian kebakaran hutan dan lahan serta pencemaran asap lintas batas. Selain itu, juga dapat menggerakkan pihak terlibat untuk berperan langsung dalam pengendalian kebakaran hutan dan lahan. Hal ini supaya dapat menunjukkan bahwa seluruh pihak berkomitmen dan berkontribusi langsung dalam pengendalian kebakaran hutan dan lahan serta pencemaran asap lintas batas yang tidak hanya untuk mengatasi permasalahan nasional tetapi juga di regional. Pada hari ini, salah satu bentuk dari kerjasama yang dilakukan adalah melakukan pemantauan pencemaran asap dengan parameter yang dipantau adalah PM10. Pemantauan PM10 penting sebagai sistem deteksi dini sehingga pemerintah daerah dapat mengambil langkah segera seperti untuk melindungi masyarakat supaya tidak terpapar asap yang dapat mengganggu kesehatan, atau terhadap keselamatan transportasi. Alat yang dibantu oleh Pemerintah Singapura ini supaya dapat dioperasionalisasikan dan dipelihara dengan baik oleh Pemerintah Daerah. Hadirin sekalian yang saya hormati, Saya berharap bahwa kegiatan ini dapat berjalan lancar dan kerjasama yang dibangun dapat memberikan manfaat kepada dua negara. Sekali lagi saya ucapkan terima kasih kepada semua pihak yang terlibat dalam penyelenggaraan acara ini. Penghargaan juga saya berikan kepada Pemerintah Singapura atas berjalannya kerjasama selama ini. Wassalam, Ir. Rachmat Witoelar Menteri Negara Lingkungan Hidup Republik Indonesia
REPUBLIC OF SINGAPORE
REMARKS BY DR YAACOB IBRAHIM MINISTER FOR THE ENVIRONMENT AND WATER RESOURCES
AT THE HANDOVER CEREMONY FOR THE AIR QUALITY AND WEATHER MONITORING STATIONS 24 JULY 2009 JAMBI PROVINCE, INDONESIA
Dear Excellencies, Pak Rachmat and Pak Zulkifli Distinguished Guests, Ladies and Gentlemen I am very pleased to be here today on this happy occasion to witness the official taking over of the air quality and weather monitoring stations by our Indonesian friends and colleagues. Today’s event marks an important milestone in the Indonesia-Singapore Collaboration in Jambi Province. This collaboration would not be possible without the commitment from Pak Zulkifli and his officials in the Jambi provincial government to work together with Singapore. I also want to express deep appreciation to my dear colleague, Pak Rachmat, who has strongly supported this project together with his dedicated team from the Indonesian State Ministry of Environment. Background of Collaboration I recall that in 2006 after a haze episode, Indonesia had invited ASEAN countries to collaborate with the fire-prone provinces/regencies to prevent and mitigate land and forest fires under the Indonesian Plan of Action (PoA). Singapore had responded immediately to that invitation and offered to collaborate with the Jambi Provincial Government and Indonesia’s State Ministry of Environment to develop a Master Plan to deal with land and forest fires in Muaro Jambi Regency. Following this in Jan 2007, a team of officers from the Singapore Ministry of the Environment and Water Resources (MEWR) and the National Environment Agency (NEA) established contact with our friends in Jambi. Together, they worked on deeper understanding of the local ground conditions in tackling land and forest fires. A fact-finding mission was conducted and subsequently followed by several other similar visits to Jambi over several months. With the strong leadership of Pak Zulkifli, commitment by his provincial officials as well as support from our KLH colleagues, both our countries worked closely together to develop the Jambi Master Plan to implement measures to address the land and forest fires. The Letter of Intent (LOI) signed in Nov 2007 formalised our collaboration and the Jambi Master Plan. The LOI provided both Indonesia and Singapore the opportunity to jointly develop and implement action programmes and measures to effectively prevent and manage the fires on the ground. Action Programmes Under the Collaboration A total of 7 action programmes were developed. It is with great pleasure today that I announce that we have already completed 6 of these 7 action programmes. I was told that the Jambi officials appointed by Pak Zulkifli to implement the various action programmes had been very cooperative and helpful in ensuring the smooth
implementation of the action programmes. All these would also not have been possible without the hard work of the Jambi Provincial Government under Pak Zulkifli. They are committed because they recognise that the smoke haze affected the health and economic well-being of the people of Jambi more than anyone else in the region. Amongst the 6 programmes completed is the installation and setting up of the air quality and weather monitoring stations in Muaro Jambi Regency. These stations have been operational since Dec 2008 and I have been informed by Pak Zulkifli that data collected from these stations have given his people access to valuable information such as the state of the air quality and alerts on the fire danger situation. I hope that these stations would continue to support Jambi’s efforts in the prevention and mitigation of the fires. I understand that the last remaining action programme, namely “Training on Fire Prevention and Suppression Capabilities”, will also commence soon. With the completion of that programme, Singapore and Indonesia would have then completed all the programmes identified under the LOI. These action programmes have benefitted the local authorities and communities by enhancing their capacities and knowledge in preventing fires. In this regard, we hope to continue collaborating with Jambi beyond the agreed programmes under the LOI. I am therefore pleased to note that two new action programmes have already been developed. One of them is the Jambi Peatland Management project, which is jointly implemented with our partners from the Singapore Delft Water Alliance (SDWA) and the Jambi University. The other project, which involves the “Enhancement of Aquaculture Expertise in Jambi”, would commence by this year, and it will be carried out in conjunction with our partner, the Singapore Food Industries (SFI) Transboundary Haze Pollution While our collaboration has progressed well, we must all be aware that our programmes in Jambi represent only a small part of a much larger challenge that we face, as land and forest fires are not just an environment issue, but also an economic and social one. We therefore have to rely on a coordinated multi-sectoral approach and long term commitment by not only all of us here today, but also by our colleagues in other agencies, partners in the private sector and also the local population. Only when every village and plantation in every province is committed to efforts to prevent smoke haze will the region be free from it every dry season. The region is now in the dry season and therefore must remain vigilant to ensure that smoke haze does not affect us. The main message that we want to convey from today is the need to step up efforts to prevent and mitigate land and forest fires. I
believe that all of us are aware of the economic, health and social repercussions, not to mention the financial effects such as loss of tourism receipts, increase in health costs, and environmental pollution costs, if a severe haze episode were to strike us again. Hence, I would like to urge all of us to continue cooperating closely with one another, so that all of our hard work done so far would not go to waste. We must work towards a haze-free ASEAN. Concluding Remarks Based on the feedback from my officers, one worthy takeaway from the IndonesiaSingapore collaboration in Jambi is the genuine friendship and close relationship built up over the years between officials from both countries. Singapore and Indonesia are committed to maintain this close relationship so that we may continue to work together effectively to jointly tackle the challenges associated with land and forest fires. In closing, I wish to express my special thanks to Pak Zulkifli for giving his support and leadership selflessly. The collaboration would not have been successful without Pak Zulifli’s pivotal role in guiding our officials and giving his full support to the implementation of the action programmes. I would also like to thank Pak Rachmat for taking precious time off your busy schedule to grace this important event and your commitment to preventing haze in the region. Last but not least, I would like to express our gratitude to the Government of Indonesia and the Provincial Government of Jambi for all the excellent arrangements and hospitality extended to me and my delegation. I look forward to further opportunities to develop and strengthen the collaboration and commitment with our Indonesian friends and colleagues. Thank you.
We would like to express our sincere appreciation to our colleagues from KLH, Jambi provincial government and partners who have assisted us in the implementation of the action programmes: Asia Pacific Resources International Ltd (APRIL) Centre for Remote Imaging, Sensing and Processing (CRISP) PT Wira Karya Sakti Singapore-Delft Water Alliance (SDWA) Singapore Food Industries (SFI)
National Environment Agency 40 Scotts Road Environment Building Singapore 228231 Republic of Singapore ww.nea.gov.sg
This booklet is printed on FSC paper.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.