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Classifying Reactions

Safety Reminder: Wear safety glasses and conduct experiment in a well-ventilated area.

Day 1
Materials:
Part I:
steel wool (HEB, Target, Lowe’s, Home Depot) You can also try SOS pads.
tweezers
vinegar
test tube (in your kit)
water
petri dish (in your kit)
Part II:
hydrogen peroxide
small pieces of raw potato (yeast or beef liver may be substituted for the potato)
small bowl
Procedures:
Part I: Reaction between iron and oxygen
1. Break off a small piece of steel wool and soak it in vinegar for at least one minute. Use tweezers to
push the steel wool around to remove all bubbles.
2. Using the tweezers, lift the steel wool out of the vinegar and shake if gently over a paper towel.
3. Stretch the steel wool out (don’t wad it up) and gently push it into the bottom of a test tube.
4. Add water to the petri dish until the water is approximately three-quarters of an inch deep.
5. Invert the test tube and place it in the petri dish of water.
6. At this point no water should be in the test tube. You have essentially trapped a test tube full of air
in the water-filled dish.
7. Allow to stand for 20 minutes and then record your observations.
8. While the mixture is standing, complete Part II of the lab. Be sure to record your observations for
Part I after 20 minutes.
Part II: Decomposition of hydrogen peroxide
1. Pour one third of a cup of hydrogen peroxide into a small bowl.
2. Cut up several small pieces of raw potato and place them in the hydrogen peroxide.
3. Record your observations.

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While the mixture is standing. 2. you can scratch the penny on the edge to get the same results. Part IV: Reaction between baking soda and vinegar 1. complete Part IV of the lab. Record your observations. Use a file or sandpaper to completely remove the copper from the edge of a penny.Observations: Part I: Reaction between iron and oxygen Appearance of steel wool after 20 minutes __________________it still looked the same___________________ Part II: Decomposition of hydrogen peroxide Appearance of potato and hydrogen peroxide combination ___________alot of foam came out of the potato because of the Hydrogen peroxide_____________ Day 2 Materials: Part III: a penny dated after 1983 metal file or coarse sandpaper (if your house is made of bricks. Be sure to record your observations for Part III after 30 minutes. Place the penny into a small jar of vinegar so that the penny sits upright. Fill a medium-size cup with a couple of ounces of vinegar. Add a spoonful of baking soda to the vinegar. you can also use the curb of a sidewalk for the same results) vinegar (CH3COOH) Part IV: baking soda (NaHCO3) vinegar (CH3COOH) cup spoon Procedures: Part III: Reaction between zinc and acetic acid 1. Allow the container to stand undisturbed for 30 minutes. 4. 3. 2. Once the copper is removed you can see the silvery zinc that composes the core of the penny. This will allow the hydrogen gas to readily escape and increase the rate of reaction. . LLC. 3. © 2010 Connections Academy®. All rights reserved.

it would be like a rusty nail. if it gets wet and left outside for a good time. you just have to balance. Well if it was supposed to rust.) Did I start with more than one reactant and end up with only one? Synthesis Part II: Decomposition of hydrogen peroxide 1. Apply this reaction to a real-world situation. What evidence was there that a reaction was taking place? © 2010 Connections Academy®. Classify the reaction that occurred between the iron and oxygen. __4Fe + __3O2 → __2Fe2O3 2. ___2H2O2 → ___2H2O + ___O2 2. The equation has been written. you just have to balance. . Write a balanced equation for the reaction between iron and oxygen.) Did I start with one compound and end up with more than one compound – Decomposition 2.Single Replacement 3. it will get rust. All rights reserved. In order to identify reactions ask your self these questions: 1. The equation has been written. Write the balanced equation for the breakdown of hydrogen peroxide.) Did two elements switch partners? – Double Replacement 4.Observations: Part III: Reaction between zinc and acetic acid Appearance of penny in vinegar after 30 minutes ___________there are a lot of bubble around the penny________________ Part IV: Reaction between baking soda and vinegar Description of what happened when the baking soda and vinegar were combined _________________it made a big boom________________________________________________ Questions and conclusions: Part I: Reaction between iron and oxygen 1.) Did one element get kicked off from his partner? . LLC.

LLC. Part IV: Reaction between baking soda and vinegar 1. Write a balanced equation for another decomposition reaction. I really cant classify the reaction due to the fact nothing happened other than a lot of bubbles around the penny. In order to identify reactions ask yourself these questions: 5. The equation has been written you just have to balance. . 3.) Did two elements switch partners? – Double Replacement 8. The first is a double replacement reaction. ___Na(HCO3) + ____CH(C2H3O2) → ______CHNa(C2H3O2) + ______H2CO3 ______H2CO3 → ______H2O + _____H2CO2 2.) Did one element get kicked off from his partner? . 3.) Did I start with one compound and end up with more than one compound – Decomposition 6. what happens during this type of reaction.Single Replacement 7. © 2010 Connections Academy®. Write the balanced equation for the reaction between zinc and acetic acid. Part III: Reaction between zinc and acetic acid 1.There was a lot of fiz and pus like substance floating on top of the hydrogen peroxide and the potato looked white as snow. Please balance both equations. All rights reserved. Classify the reaction between zinc and acetic acid and explain. Two types of reaction occur when baking soda and vinegar combine. What type do you think the second reaction is? Why? I think its a chemical reaction because it just started to fiz like crazy.) Did I start with more than one reactant and end up with only one? Synthesis ___Zn + ___2HC2H3O2 → ___Zn(CH3COO)2 + ___H2 2. Give an example of a type of element and a type of compound that are likely to participate in this type of reaction. Write a balanced equation for this reaction. in general terms.