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INDUSTRIAL TRAINING PRESENTATION

BHARAT SANCHAR NIGAM LIMITED

By:- ANUGRAH NARAIN

12-Nov-14

Anugrah Narain

CONTENT
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Certificate
Introduction
Exchange
Exchange Layout
Main sections of exchange
MDF

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Anugrah Narain

Power plant
Switching room
GSM
GSM Architecture
Basic Building Blocks
Media

INTRODUCTION ABOUT ORGANISATION

Today, BSNL is the No. 1 telecommunication company and the largest public sector
undertaking of India and its responsibilities includes improvement of the already
impeccable quality of telecom services, expansion of telecom services in all
villages and instilling confidence among its customers

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EXCHANGE

Equipment which effects interconnection of telephones is known as switching


equipment.
The switching centre, which houses the terminating and switching equipment is
called telephone exchange.

Types of exchanges:E10B Electronic -10000 subscribers capacity-B


OCB- Optical cable-B
5ESS- 50000 ,electronic sub-subscribers

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EXCHANGE LAYOUT
Typical exchange consist of :

Switch Room
Operations and Maintenance (OMC) Room
Input Output processor (IOP) Room
Power Plant Room
Battery Room
Main Distribution Frame (MDF) Room

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MAIN SECTIONS OF EXCHANGE:

There are three components of exchange:


MDF
Power plant
Switching Room.

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Main Distribution Frame (M.D.F) :


INTRODUCTION:

- MDF means Main Distribution Frame. Local cable contact at MDF .


- All types of cables out to the door contact connection at MDF .

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POWER PLANT

The main parts of the power room are:


1. Batteries
2. UPS (Uninterrupted Power Supply)
3. Charging - Discharging Unit
4. Inverter and Converter Unit

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GLOBAL SYSTEM FOR MOBILE COMMUNICATION


(GSM)
Global system for mobile communication (GSM) is a globally accepted standard for digital
cellular communication. GSM is the name of a standardization group established in 1982
to create a common European mobile telephone standard

GSM is a cellular network which means that mobile phones connect to it by searching
for cells in the immediate vicinity. GSM operates in the 900 MHz frequency band.

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GSM : (SYSTEM ARCHITECHTURE)

This system structured hierarchically as shown:

It consist of one administrative region, which is assigned to a MSC(Mobile


Switching Center).
Each administrative Region is made up of atleast one Location Area(LA). LA is
also called the visited area.
An LA consists of several cell groups.
Each cell group is assigned to a base station controller(BSC).
Cells of one BSC may belong to different LAs.

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BASIC BUILDING BLOCKS:

Mobile Station (MS)


Base Station (BS)
Mobile services Switching Center (MSC)
Databases
Operation and Maintenance Center (OMC)

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Media

1. Carrier system
2. Co-axial Cable
3. Optical Fiber Cable(OFC).
4. Satellite.

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THANK YOU

12-Nov-14

Anugrah Narain