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E

6 fw '

sTAg-qdil=e,F?,:

: PERFOR|VIANCE
ENGINES
RECIPROCATING
CAIVIBUSTION
I NTERNAL
PARTII : TEST|V|ET|.|ODS

' .
DEPARTEMEN

PERTAMBANGAN

DA.N

ENERGI

I . t

PERUSAHAANUMUM LISTRII( ruEGARA


J L . T R U N O J O Y OM I / 1 3 5

K E B A Y O R A NB A R U . J A K A R T A

7)
t s o 3 0 4 6 / ! r - 1 9 7( E

I N T E R I . ! A T IO N A L S T A I JD A R D

Reciprocatinginternalcombustionengines: PerfoiriancePart ll : Test methods

'

SCOPE

l - ; l ; i i e r n a i i c n a lS ' r a n d e r ds p e c i ife s a c c e p t a n c ea n d t y p e
: - : : ' : : e r l r c c sf o r r e c i p r o c a t i n gi n t e r n a lc o m b u s t i o ne n g i n e s
i 3 c o m n r e r c i a l p r o d u c t i c n . l V h e r e n e c e s s a r y ,i n d i v i d u a l
r q u i r e m e n t sa r e g i v e nf o r p a r t i c u l a re n g i n ea p p l i c a t i o n s .

F T E L DO F A P P L I C A T I O N

T : r i s l n t e r n a t i o n a l S t a n d a r d d o e s n o t c o v e r e n g i n e su s e d t o
g:opel :
a) aircraft;
5)

a u t o m o b i l e sa n d t r u c k s ;

c)

aEriculturaa
l n d i n d u s t ' r i a tl y p e s o f t r a c t o r s ;

dl

r o a d c o n s t r u c t i o n a n d e a r t h - m o v i n gm a c h i n e s ;

REFERENCES

ISO 1204, Reciprocating internal combustion


Designation of the direction of rotation.

engines -

combustion

engines -

ISO 1205, Reciprocating internal


Designation of the cylinders.

4 - 3 s p e c i a l t e s t s : T e s t s a i d i t i o n a l t o a c c e p t a n c eo r t y p e
t e s t s c a r r i e d o u t t o m e e t t h e r e q u i i ' e m e n t so f i n s p e c t i n ga n d
l e g i s l a t i v ea u t h o r i t i e s , C l a s s i f i c a i i o nS e c i e t i e so r c u s t o m e r s Special tests shall be subject to agreementbetween the
m a n u f a c t u r e ra n d s u c h a u t h o r i t i e s a n d l o r t h e c u s t o m e r .

e) motorcycles.

4 . 2 t y p e t e s t : A t e s t c a r - r l e Co L i o n r e p i ' e s e n i c i i ' . e' e' n g ' n e s


o f a c e r t a i n m o d e l t o e s t a b l i s hr h e m a i n p e r f o r m a n c ed a t a
o f t h e e n g i n e a n d t o e ; i a b i e , e s f a r a s p o s s i b l e .t h e i r
r e l i a b i l i t y a n d d u r a b i l i t y i n s e : ' " , i cteo b e a s s e s s e d ,

fSO 3046/1, Reciprocating internal combustion engines:


Performance - Part | : Standard reference conditions and
declarations of power, fuel consumptian and lubricating oil
consumption.

t s o 3 0 4 6 / l l l ,Reciprocating internal combustian engines :


techniques of
Common
Part lll :
Performance
1 )
measurement.

EXTENT OF TESTS

5 . 1 T h e p r o g r a m m e o f a c c e p t a n c ea n d t y p e t e s t s s h a l l b e
e s t a b l i s h e db y t h e m a n u f a c t u r e r .
5 . 2 l t i s t h e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y o f t h e m a n u f a c t u r e rt o d e f i n e
t h e e x t e n t o f m e a s u r e m e n t sa n d t h e s e s h a l l b e a g r e e dw i t h
the customer.Table 1 may be taken asa guidefor selecting
the engihe groups appropriate to the test measurements
g i v e ni n t a b l e 2 .
T A B L E 1 - M e a s u r e m e n ts e l e c t i o ng u i d e
E n g i n eg r o u p
number

Typical characteristics
of engine grouP

Engines whose oPeratlng conditions are not measured in serv i c e , u s u a l l yw i t h m a x i m u m d e s i g n


rotat.ional f requencies of more
than 1 Bg0 min-1

1l

At present at the stage of draf t.

of

1 500 min-1

rotational

aPProximatelY

and above

Pressure-charged engines wirh


design rotational
maximum
approximatelY
f reqr.rencies of
1 5 O Om i n - 1 a n d a b o v e

Engines with maximum design


r o t a t i o n a l f r e q u e n c i e so f a p p r o x i mately 250 to 1 500 min-1

C A T E G O R I ' E S , O .TFE S T S ( D E F I N I T I O N S }

4 . 1 a c c e p t a n c et e s t : A t e s t c a r r i e d o u t a s a n o v e r a l lc h e c k
o n t h e m a n u f a c t u r i n g q u a l i t y a n d t o e s t a b l i s ht h a t t h e
c o n t r a c t u a cl o m m i t m e n t sh a v eb e e n f u l f i l l e d .

design

f reguencies

fSO 3046/lY, Reciprocating internal combustion engines :.


Performance - Part tV : Speed governing.ll

asPirated engines with

Naturatly
maximum

Engines

with

rotational
250 min-1

maximum

f requencies

design
uP

to

{, -.1

tso3046
l u - 1 e 7 7{ E l

5 . 3 F o r ' h i g h v o l u m e p r o d u c t i o n e n g i n e sn o t a l l t e s t e d o n
l o a d ,a n a d e q u a t ei n s p e c t i o np r o c e d u r em a y b e u s e d i n s t e a d
o f a f u l l a c c e p t a n c et e s 1 .
5 - 4 D e p e n d e n t o n t h e t e s t c a t e g o r i e sa n d t h e e x t e n t o f
t e s t s , f i v e l i s t s o f r e c o m m e n d e d m e a s u r e m e n t sa n d c h e c k s
( A , B , C , D , E ) a r e g i , r e ni n c l a u s eB .

TEST CONDITIONS

8 . 1 t i g t S r r ga r i e n g i n e t . s ' i " ,i h e n : a r r u i e c t u r c rs i - , ; , isl u ! ; n ' i - l


c o i n l - 1 1 ' J ti E
e c h r r i c a i C c c u l r - , e ; r t a i i c ,c. io i ' , c ent i r t q 1 i -e; J i l , 1 - l i ^ , i :
type a'nd application, r'yhen mutually agreed by the
r n a n u f a c t u r e ra n d t h e c u s t o m e r .
period of running-in and preliminary tests
6.2 A
c o n s i d e r e da d e q u a t eb y t h e m a n u f a c t u r e rs h a l lp r e c e d et h e
accepta'hcetest.
6.3 Unless otherwise agreed between the manufacturer
and the customer, tests shall be carriedout on a test bed at
t h e m a n u f a c t u r e r ' sw o r k s .
6 . 4 T e s t s s h a l l b e c a r r i e do u t o n t h e e n g i n ee q u i p p e dw i t h
ciependent auxiliaries, supplied with the engine and
n e c e s s a r yf o r i t s o p e r a t i o n .

6.10 Correction or adjustment of pov/er output and


s p e c i f i ef u e f c o n s u m p t i o n
6.10.1 \A/herethe test conditions cjiffer significantly
( s e e 6 . 1 0 . 3 ) f r o m t h e s t a n d a r d r e i e r e n c : c . ; r r d i t i c n s ,o r
from site conditions, the test po'"l'er oul; ui rnay be,
i f r e q u i r c d , c o r r e c t e d b y c a l c u l a t i o n . A l i u ; n a t i t , e l v ,t h e
e n g i n e m a y b e t e s t e d a t a s u b s t i t u t e p o v " ' e ra r ^ ' j l o r u n d e r
I
test conditions altered artificially io simuiate the site
conditions.

C.',A.2

I his ccr t cclion

I
$

. ' v i i i * . e c j i i i c / . - ) - '1. : j r , - i u ' : r ; ; - r j

whether the values of por/rer an'J specific fuei ?


consumption attainei under engine'iest cona'iticns
:1
'd
c o r r e s p o n dt o t h e s p e c i if e d v a l u e s ;
I

:1

t h e p e r m i s s i b l e m a x i m u ; - n p o \ ^ / e ru n d e r c o n d i i i c n s
different from the standard reference conditions to
p r e v e n tt h e e n g i n eo v e r l o a d i n g .

6 . 1 0 . 3 C o r r e c t i o n o f p o w e r o u t p u t a n d s p e c i fi c f u e l
c o n s u m p t i o n i s c a r r i e d o u t o n l y i f a n ' y 'o f t h e e n g i n e
operating conditions differs from the stairdard reference l
,I
c o n d i t i o n sb y m o r e t h a n :

I
t:

il

t 6 K f r o m t h e a b s o l u t ea m b i e n t t e m p e r a t u r e ;

6.5 Provided that the contractual requirements are


fulfilled, test bed equipment may be used during the tests.
Any variations in the performance of the test equipment
shall be agreed between the manufacturer and the
customer.
6 . 6 O n l y t h o s e e n g i n e sw h i c h a r e s u p p l i e d w i t h b u i l t - i n
t r a n s m i s s i o ns y s t e m s( f o r e x a m p l e . h y d r a u l i c m e c h a n i s m s ,
reversing couplings) or electric generators, and which
cannot be tested separately, need to be tested with tlre
t r a n s m i s s i o ns y s t e m o r g e n e r a t o rc o u p l e d t o t h e e n g i n e .
6.7 During tests on the engine no additional adjustments,
other than those required to maintain the test conditions
and those required for normal operation as given in the
w o r k i n g m a n u a l ,m a y b e m a d e .
6.8 The only interruptions in testing permitted are those
n e c e s s a r yf o r e n g i n e m a i n t e n a n c e a s g i v e n i n t h e w o r k i n g
m a n u a l . I n a l l o t h e r c a s e s ,i f a n i n t e r r u p t i o n s h o u l d o c c u r
c a u s e db y s o m e d e f e c t o f p a r t s o f t h e e n g i n e , t h e d e c i s i o n
o n l v h e t h e rt o r e p e a tt h e t e s t s p a r t i a l l y o r e n t i r e l y s h a l lb e
m u t u a l l y t a k e n b y t h e m a n u i a c t u r e ra n d t h e c u s t o m e r .
6 . 9 T h e s r a n d a r dr e f e r e n c ec o n d i t l o n s a n d d e c l a r a t i o n so f
p o w e r , { u e l a n d o i l c o n s u m p t i o n ss h a l l b e a s s p e c i f i e di n

rso3046/1.

11 1 bar

tfi

*]--j

t 2 kPal ) f rom the barometricpressure;


t 6 K f r o m t h e a b s o l u t ec o o l a n t t e m o e r a t u r ea t t h e
i n l e t o f a c h a r g ea i r c o o l e r .

i
'ii
_i

6 . 1 0 . 4 P o w e r a n d s p e c i if c f u e l c o n s u m p t i o n s h a l l b e
d e t e r m i n e du s i n gt h e f o m u l a e i n I S O 3 0 4 6 / 1 .
,i

Ii

6 . 1 0 . 5 l f i n l S O 3 0 4 6 / l t h e r e i s n o s u i t a b l ef c r m u l a f o r
a d j u s t m e n t o f t h e p o w e r o u t p u t a n d t h e s p e c i fi c f u e l
c o n s u m p t i o n , t h e m e t h o d o f a d j u s t m e n t s h a l l b e a g r e e di n
w r i t i n g b y t h e m a n u f a c t u r e ra n d t h e c u s t o m e r .

'1
:1
.i,i

::

6.10.6 lf a turbocharged engine at the declared power


o u t p u t a n d u n d e r t h e s t a , n d a r dr e f e r e n c ec o n d i t i o n s a t t a i n s
n e i t h e r t h e t u r b o c h a r g e rr o t a t i o n a l f r e q u e n c y l i m i t s n o r t h e
g a s t e m p e r a t u r ea t t h e t u r b i n e i n l e t , t h e m a n u f a c t u r e rm a y
d e c l a r e s u b s t i t u t e r e fe r e n c e a m b i e n t c o n d i t i o n s f o r
s t a n d a r dr e f e r e n c ec o n d i t i o n s a s s p e c i fi e d i n I S O 3 0 4 6 / 1 .
6 . 1 0 . 7 W h e n a d j u s t i n g t h e s i t e - d e c l a ? e pd o w e r f o r t e s t - b e d
c o n d i t i o n s , r e s u l t sm a y b e a t t a i n e d w h e r e t h e m a x i m u m
c o m b u s t i o n p r e s s u r e i n t h e e n g i n e c y l i n d e r e x c e e d st h e
p e r m i t t e d v a l u e . l n t h i s c a s e ,t h e e n g i n et e s t s h a l lb e c a r r i e d
o u t a t s u c h p o r v e r c o n s i d e r e ds a f e b y t h e m a n u f a c t u r e r ,a t
w h i c h t h e m a x i m u m c o m b u s t i o n p r e s s u r ed o e s n o t e x c e e d
t h e p e r m i t t e dv a l u e .

100 kPa

'-1

t s o 3 0 . i sl n - 1 9 7 7( E l

t"ro 5
:

.
aa-.: '

?l-'":
;tr

^5

ll'leasurement grcups

be used:

Parameter to be measurei

'-- -)

'-

tfl

l''

3i :h:

outlet by an extraction

A1

Barometric pressure, lrumidity


and embient iemperature

AZ

Engine rotational frequency or


cycle frequency

ce

6tr

: -.
:ea'

.ea1ra3

bf

I:"<-ei

lr

I i:-

C,

3+ a.

C,\f

-'l

e . r : t " l i i p e r c t u r ea t t h e e n g i n e i n l e t
A3

{see table 1}

Engine toiciua
and/or

iernpe:'ature ai the inlet of the

l-:

A4

Fuel pump or governor or


thrortle conrrol rod setting

A5

Fuel consurnption

A6

Lubricating oil pressure

A7

Temperature and pressure of


exhaust gas leaving the engine

A8

A i r p r e s s u r ea n d t e m p e r a t u r ea t
e n g i n e o r p r e s s u r ec h a r g e ri n l e t

A9

Gas temperature

a=,: .'

d
c r i 7 : i ' . - . r -g * 3 r ? e d e n g i n e s h a v i n g a c h a r g e a i r
r r t t r - : r - l * ? : " : c : c f i n c r e a s e da t n b i e n t t e m p e r a t u r e
Cf,r O. al,jy ;:;'n,.:ialedby throttling at the turbocharger
d c t u ' : l ' : - ? a r r i a m p e r a t u r ea f t e r t h e i n t e r c o o l e ri s t h e
elt !-3: on site. The t'rottle ratio can be
F!
C t r - n " r e d : i , : g : h e f i g u r e ( p a g e6 ) .
.rc
:s illusir6ting how correction and simulation of
'.7
1?-U.3:j.e
ItbfF:
on site are applied when teSting are given
f rq?r

EASUREf,{ENT

TECHNIOUES

' : r . : : o o s t c b e u s e d d u r i n g a c c e p t a n c ea n d t y p e
fr
ftg
meisur:ag engine parameters, symbols for
II'
u n c e r ! ' n e a s u r e m e n t , u n i t s , e t c . , r e fe r t o
rcacrt
EO S6',ill

X
X

before

turbocharger

fOft

tnqtne orouc nutnSer

i l z l , zl a i s

.ncin.: i:ur bocharger) inlet with

l'

TABLE 2 - List A - Tcst r,casurements

:::s may be cerried cut at any other


i ? ' . 'e, . u n d : r a n r b i c n t c o n d i t ; o n s c r e a t e d
- : - : . 1 : s r i c C c n d i i i o n s T o s i m u l a t et h e

Frcr .:--:

A10

Boost pressure in the air


manifold

A11

Turbocharger
frequency

A12

coolant mean temperature in


and out of cylinder block

A13

Lubricating oil te::iperature at


the engine inlet and outlet

A14

Ai,r pressure drop through


air cooler

A15

rotational

the

Boost pressure after each air


cooler

TEST PROCEDURES
Acc.ptance tests

l.t

A c c e p t a n c e t e s t s c o m p r i s e a s p e c i f i e d s e q u e n c eo f
fl-f
i : t i n g s w i t h m e a s u r e m e n ta n d c a l c u l a t i o n o f t h e
|F!r
g i v e n i n l i s t s A a n d B a n d t h e c h e c k sg i v e n i n
Flt:ers

A16

Charge air temperature


each air cooler

A17

Charge coolant inlet and outlet


temperature

A18

Maximum

A19

Gas pressure at turbocharger


inlet

after

cylinder pressure

hc

A20

! . l e a s u r e m e n t si n l i s t A n o r m a l l y s h a l l b e m a d e
l.t2
r c o r c : n q t o t h e s p e c i fi e d e n g i n e g r o u p n u m b e r i n t a b l e 2
?tc: cperatrng condition wherever appropriateand
b
provrsron exists on the engine for doing so. The
-!!rc
of measurments in list A are arranged in an
tqrpr
!c2r''idjng order of test measurement complexlty and are
for guidance when the contract is drawn up
fcrantd
betrreen the manufacturer and the customer. Either party
may, by agreement, .add to or delete f rom the
t t r c a r { r r m e n t isn l i s t A , t o s u i t t h e p a r t i c u l a r t y p e o f e n g i n e
nt'olred. V/here no provision exists on the engine for a
F i r l r c u ; a r m e a s u r e m e n ti n t h e g r o u p c h o s e n , t h i s s h a l l b e
J : a : ob y t h e r n a n u f a c t u r e r .

A21

I ndividual coolant circuit


temperatures and pressures

422

Lubricating oil pressure in


individual circuits, e.g. turbocharger, piston cooling, etc.

A23

Lubricating oil pressure before


and after filters and coolers

A.24

Secondary coolant and


lubricating oil temperatures in
and out of heat exchangers

425

Fuet supply pressure and


temperature

A26

C o m p r e s s i o np r e s s u r e

A27

Additional items may be


i n c l u d e d b y a g r e e m e n tb e t w e e n
manufacturer and customer

Exhaust

temperature

of each

cylinder

A s a f u n c t i o n o f t h e c a l c u l a t e dv a l u e sb a s e do n t e s t
8.t3
t y : e a r u r : r n e n i so b t a i n e d f r o m l i s t A , t h e m a n u f a c t u r e rs h a l l
! ' r g o t . / l h e : c i l c r , v i n qc a l c u l a t e dv a l u e s:
Lsl 3
8.1.4
3l

Functional checks

: b:'a<epouier;

E 2 : b r a k e s p e c i f i cf u e l c o n s u m p t i o n .

List C comprises functional checks which may be made


a d d i t i o n a l l y t o e n g i n e s i n g r o u p s2 t o 5 i n l i s t A . T h e

l n - 1 9 7 7( E l
t s o3 0 4 6

s e l e c t i o n f r o n r l i s t C s h a l l b e m a d e b y a g r e e m e n tb e t w e e n
t l r e m a r r u f a C t u r ear n d t l r e c u s t o m e r List C
F u n c t i o n a lc h e c k sw i l l b e c a r r i e do u t t o d e m o n s t r a t e :
C 1 : ' t h e c o n e c t f u n c t i o r r n i t r go f t h e o v e r s p e e ds a f e t y
device;

8.3

Specialtests

Any special tests in list E r.rhich ffi?','b':; r:quireci by


le
irrspectina
g s t h o r i t i e s ,C l a s s iifc a t i o nS o c i e : i e sb, ; ' g i s l a t i o n
o r b y t h e c u s l o m e r , s h a l l b e s u b i e c tt c e g : e i l ; Y nbt e t w e e n
t l r e m a n u f a c t u r e ra n d s u c h a u t h o r i t ! e Sa r i ( i .l i' r i i - : C U s t o m e r .
L i s t E ( T y P i c a le x a m p l c s )
E 1 : s o u n dl e v e l ;

C2: the dynamic and steady state characteristics


o f t h e g o v e r ni n g s y s t e m i n a c c o r d a n c e w i t h

E 2 : e x l r a u s te m i s s i o nc h a r a c t e r i s t i c s ;

rsc3c46llV;

E3: tests in
m a c hi n e r Y ;

C3: the ability of all malfunction protection and


v , r a r n i n gd e v i c e s t o r e s p o n d c o r r e c t l y t o t h e f a u l t
conditions in 'ruhiclri.hey slrould operate (for
e x a m p l e ,l o r , vl u b r i c a t i n go i l p r e s s u r eh, i g h l u b r i c a t i n g
o i l t e m p e r a t u r e s ,h i g h c o o l a n t t e m p e r a t u r e s ,p r e s s u r e

conjunciion ',vith ccnii"act drrven


''

t el s t s o f
E4: parallet running and other elec-,.rica
e n g i n e - d r i v e gn e n e r a t o r s ;
l f marineengines;
E 5 : e m e r g e n c yr e v e r s a o

, tc.);
r i s e i n t h e e n g i n ec r a n k c a s e e
'ihe
function of all automatic pressure and
C4 :
t e m p e r a t u r ec o n t r c i l s;

EO : determination of minimum stabie rotational


frequencyof marine engines;
E 7 : c h a n g e o v eor n d u a l f u e l e n g i n e s ;

C 5 : .t h e a b i l i t y o f t h e s t a r t i n g s y s t e m t o p e r f o r m i n
with the contract;
acco-rdance

E 8 : a b i l i t v t o c a r r y o u t m a i n t e n a n c et a s k si v i t h i n t h e
time statedbY the manufacturer;

CO : vibration frequencies and amplitudes at


p r e s c r i b e dr o t a t i o n a l f r e q u e n c i e sa n d l o a d s w h e n t h e
engine is tested coupled to its contract driven
m a c hi n e r y ;

E 9 : a b i l i t y t o m a n o e u v r ea n d p r o v i d e a s t a t e d p o w e r
when operating with prescribed maifunctions, for
e x a m p l e r a r i t ho n e o r m o r e t u r b o c h a r g e r si n o p e r a t i v e '

, uilt-in
C 7 : t h e f u n c t i o n o f t h e r e v e r s i n gm e c h a n i s m b
r e v e r s er e d u c t i o n g e a r a n d c o u p l i n g s ;
C8 : the condition of one or more piston and cylinder
assemblies and bearings chosen at random by
inspection;
C 9 : a d d i t i o n a l c h e c k sm a y b e i n c f u d e d b y a g r e e m e n t .
b e t w e e n t h e m a n u f a c t u r e ra n d t h e c u s t o m e r 8.2

Type tests

8 . 2 . 1 A t y p e t e s t c o m p r i s e s a s p e c i fi e d s e q u e n c e o f
load/rotational trequency combinations, reversals and
stops.
8.2.2 Type tests will include, as far as applicable. all
m e a s u r e m e n t sc, a l c u l a t i o n sa n d f u n c t i o n a l c h e c k s i n l i s t A ,
e n g i n e g r o u p 5 , a n d l i s t sB a n d C a n d i n a d d i t i o n l i s t D a s
follows :
List D
D1 : air consumption;

9 TE S T R E P OR T
shal lprovi dea testrepor t 9.1 The manufacturer
9 . 1 . 1 N o r m a l l y ,acceptance test reports shall be provid
for engi negroupsn u m b e r s 3 , 4 a n d 5 o n l y .
9.1.2 Type test reports shall be provideci for
engi nes.

gr oups

9 . 2 T h e t e s t r e p o r t s h a ! l i n c l u d e e n g i n e i d e n r i f i c a t i o na n d
the following test information :
a ) d a t e , p l a c e , n a t u r e o f t e s t a n d i n s p e c t i n Ea u t h o r i t y ;
b)

t y p e o f f u e l a n d l u b r i c a t i n go i f s u s e dd u r i n g t e s t s ;

c) dependent auxiliaries, engine setiings and proprietary equiPment;

D 2 : l u b r i c a t i n go i l c o n s u m p t i o n ;
d)

t a b l e o f v a l u e sm e a s u r e dd u r i n g t h e t e s t ;

D 3 : e n g i n eh e a t b a l a n c e ;
D 4 : d i s m a n t l i n ga n d m e a s u r i n go { i m p o r t a n t p a r t s
s u b i e c tt o w e a r .

e ) i n t e r p r e t a t i o n o f c e r t a i n m e a s u r e m e n t sa s r e q u i r e d ;
f)

r e f e r e n c et o t h i s I n t e r n a t i o n a lS t a n d a r d .

l s o 3 0 4 6l u - 1 9 7 7( E )

ANNEX

RATUR= - =XAi\iPLES
C O R R E C T I OA
NN D S l r v l u L A T I O O
N F H I G HO N - S I T EAl\'lBI ENT TEI\4PE

r T S X A | . : PL E 1

$Jhen defining factcrs k anC a Ihe t:bls: :i:d nomc:rairi

A 4 - s : ; o i e i u r b o c h a r g e de n g i n ew i t h c h a r g ea i r i n t e r c o o l i n g
: J : ' ; : i o p 6 4 0 k \ / ( P , . n u) n d e r s i t e c o n d i t i c n s , , r , . r h e: r e
a." =
T,^ =
T.-. =
f- :

70 kPa
330 K
300 K
0'85

from ISO 3046/l may be used. In ihe abovecaicuiatic;r,:ltr


n o m o g r a m g i v e n i n a n n e x L i n I S O 3 0 . 1 G iI m a y b g u : : c .
Initially the engine output deveiooei unCer siteccncriio,-rs
' , v i i l b e a c j u s t e d - . o i i r e s t a n d : i ' , j I a ' : i . ' i , ; . . ' c c ' i r i j i t - i . - ' - s: - - ' :
t h e n t h e r e s u l t s a t t a i n e c iw i i l b e a d i u s t c d t o i e s t c o n d i t : o n s .

i ' . n 3 1 p o v r ' e rs h o u l d b e d e v e l o p e d u n d e r t e s t c o n d i t i o n s ,
trrrefg:

A.2

1 0 0k P a

9,:

The engine is required to be tested under conditions


s i m u l a t i n g s i t e c o n d i t i o n s ( e x a m p l ei ) , f o r e x a m p l e a t a
h i g h e ra m b i e n t t e m p e r a t u r ,T r a : 3 3 0 K .

r' :3oo K

T., :280 K
' . C T E - S e eI S O3 0 4 6 / l f o r e x p l a n a t i oonf t h es y m b o l s .
F o l l o w i n gt h e f o r m u l a e f r o m i S O 3 0 4 6 / l w e c a n f i r s t a d j u s t
i h e e n g i n ep o w e r o u t p u t d e v e l o p e du n d e r s i t e c o n d i t i o n st o
: n e r e f e r e n c ec o n d i t i o n s:
i n d i c a t e dp o w e r f a c t o r

\'

'"./

\r ool

\r:o/

\ soo/

F,
- : - O , 9 2 5 ,f r o m t h e f i g u r e .
p*
Thus power correction and ad.iustmentfactors become :
/

The results thus attained ma;


c o n d i t i o n s:

kx

kw

b e a d j u s te dto the test

_
- ( t , o \ o , '( s o o \ ' , '/ : o o \ 1 : 1, O 7 1

\tpl

\*o/

\r*/

& * : 1 ' , 0 7 1 + ( 0 , 7 x 0 , 0 7 1 x 0 , 1 8 ): 1 , 9 9
P* :974

: 1 , 1 0a n d f o r a n a s s u m epdr e s s u rrea t i o

Pt

- 0 , 6 9 5- l O , 7x 0 , 3 0 5x 0 , 1 8 ): 0 , 6 5 7
P,^
640
:-:974
t h e e n g i n ep o w e r o u t p u t P r
d .( 0 ,6 5 7

kx

300

:-2,5:
p*

0,695

( 1- * ) ( l - )
\4-

330

v21i6
T,

p o w e r a d j u s t m e n tf a c t o r
ar

throttling (decompression)for a temperatllre

Tr z

/.",/

/t z_ or\ or , ,_( 3t 0t 0_\ r l. ,( s o o \ ' =

To simulate higher ambient temperature the method of


t h r o t t l i n g t h e a i r i n t a k e i s u s e d a n d t h e t e m p e r a t u r ea f t e r
the cooler will be equal to that reached under site
c o n d i t i o n s .T h e t e m p e r a t u r ec r c o o l a n t f l o w c o n t r o l a t t h e
c h a r g ea i r c o o l e r i n l e t r n u s t b e a d j u s t e da c c o r d i n g l y .
Ratio of

/ r , . \ - /t = r- ,l \ ' / l : r- ,. . \ n
: [ - ,
\ P. /

EXAMPLE 2

x i,08 = 1 052 kW

a.x

:(#

1,28

\70l
: 1 , 2 8 * ( 0 , 7x o,28x 0 , 1 7 6 :) 1 , 3 1

Therefore,when simulating site conditions usingthrottling


a t t h e a i r i n t a k e ,t h e e n g i n es h a l lb e t e s t e da t a p o w e r :
Pr:

&^ Pr.:

1 , 3 1x 6 4 0 : 8 2 8 k W

l f t h e m e a s u r e df u e l c o n s u m p t i o na t 8 2 8 k W i s 2 3 8 g / k W . h ,
t h e n t h e f u e l c o n s u m p t i o n c o r r e c t e dt o s i t e . c o n d i t i o nws i l l
be:
,

h
"x

: 238

Dru:T
lf there is a limitation in the maximum allowable
c o m b u s t i o n p r e s s u r e ,s a y , a t B 0 B k W , a n d t h e m a n u f a c t u r e r
s o d e c i d e s ,t h e e n g i n e s h a l l b e t e s t e d u n d e r l o a d s u p
to 808 kW.

/ r o o \o , 7 -

P1

1, 3 1
L,o--

243 s/kW h

11

r,vherep"

:-:
d

f u e l c o n s u m p t i o n a C j u s t m e n tf a c t o r
x

0 4 6 l . t - 1 s 7 (7E l

I
Pz/pn

t,25

-r---_l
i

{
t.5

\ - - :

T,a

1,2

T,
FIGURE

Determination

of depression Gt compressor inlet when simulating

high on-site air temperature

ambient test pressure


a i r p r e s s u r ea f t e r t h r o t t l e
a i r p r e s s u r ea t t h e c o m p r e s s o ro u t l e t
=

ambient test temperalure

:.. ambient site temperature


aCiabaric index

ional assumptrons
I compressor work

u a l p r e s s u r e sa r t n e c o m p r e s s o ro u t l e t
I chi,rge arr temperatures a{ter intercooler
I air consumption

through compressor

t
i

i
i

1,i

i
,

1.3