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PRESENTE SIMPLE

Forma afirmativa.
Equivale en espaol al presente de indicativo.
La forma del simple present es igual al verbo en infnitivo sin to, excepto la tercera
persona del singular a la que se aade una s. Los verbos acabados en -ch, -sh, -ss, -x, y
-o aaden es. Los verbos acabados en -y precedida de consonante, cambian - y por
-i, y aaden -es:
I catch, he catches.
We
finish she fnishes
I kiss, he kisses.
They finish it finishes
You go, it goes.
You do
she does
You study, he studies.
They fly,
it flies.
I
You
He
She

walk
walk
walks
walks

It
We
You
They

walks
walk
walk
walk

Negativa.
Sujeto + Do/does + not + Verbo en infinitivo sin to
I
do not work.
It
does not work
You do not work.
We
do not work
He does not work.
You do not work
She does not work.
They do not work
Does slo se usa en la tercera persona del singular en todas las dems se usa DO
Do not se contrae en don't, y does not en doesn't
Interrogativa.
Su estructura bsica es: Do/Does + Sujeto + Verbo (en infinitivo sin to)?
Do

run ?

Do

you run ?

Does it

run?

Do

we

run ?

Does he

run ?

Do

you

run?

Does she

run ?

Do

they

run?

USOS.
Se utiliza generalmente para expresar acciones que hacemos habitualmente(recuerda
que se llama presente simple o habitual).

PRESENTE PROGRESIVO 0 CONTINUO


(Present continuous tense)
Forma. El presente continuo o progresivo se forma con la persona correspondiente del
presente del verbo to be ms el verbo principal en la forma -ing.
John is working.
Forma afirmativa

Forma negativa

Forma interrogativa

I
You
He
She
It
We
You
They

I
You
He
She
It
We
You
They

Am
Are
Is
Is
Is
Are
Are
Are

am reading
are reading
is reading
is reading
is reading
are reading
are reading
are reading

am not reading
are not reading
is not reading
is not reading
is not reading
are not reading
are not reading
are not reading

I
you
he
she
it
we
you
they

reading ?
reading ?
reading ?
reading ?
reading?
reading ?
reading ?
reading?

Modificaciones grficas que se producen al aadirle al verbo -ing


Los verbos terminados en una sola -e pierden la -e al aadirle -ing:
To love, loving To hate, hating
To live, living
To ride, riding
Pero: To agree, agreeing (termina en dos -e).
Excepciones: To be, being
To dye (teir), dyeing
Los verbos monoslabos, terminados en una sola consonante, precedida esta
consonante de una nica vocal de sonido breve, duplican la consonante final al
aadrseles el sufijo -ing:
To set, setting

To run, running

To hit, hitting

To stop, stopping

Observad los cambios que sufren los verbos terminados en -ie: Cambian ie por y
y aaden -ing
To lie (mentir, tumbarse), lying
To die, (morir), dying
Nota: Los verbos terminados en -y no cambian, siguen la regla general:
To study, studying
To play, playing
Usos
El presente continuo se usa principalmente para expresar una accin que est en
progreso, que est sucediendo en el momento en que se habla.
Por ello con mucha frecuencia el verbo va acompaado implcita o explcitamente del
adverbio now (ahora):
I am looking at Jim (now).
She's reading a book now.