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You are on page 1of 12

MATHEMATICS

MODULE 1

FUNCTIONS

CHAPTER 1 : FUNCTIONS

0

Contents

1.1 Concept map

Page

2

image and range of relation

2.2 Expressing functions using function

notation.

2.3 Determine domain , object , image and

range

4-5

6 -9

9 10

11 12

6.0 Answers

13 14

CONCEPT MAP

1

FUNCTIONS

Relations

Object

images

.,,

Functions

Function

Notation

Type

of

relation

Composite

Functions

Inverse

Functions

f: x y

Or

One to

one

fg ( x ) = .

Many to

one

..

Object

f(x)=y

1.1 Functions

Express the relation between the following pairs of sets in the form of arrow diagram,

ordered pair and graph.

Arrow diagram

Ordered pair

Graph

a ) Set A =

Kelantan, Perak ,

Selangor

Set B = Shah Alam ,

Kota Bharu ,Ipoh

Relation: City of the

state in Malaysia

b )Set A =

triangle,rectangle,

pentagon

Set B = 3,4,5

Relation : Number of

Sides

2

List down the domain , codomain , objects , images and the range of the following

relation .

9

3

2

-2

-3

Set P

Diagram 1

Set Q

Domain =

Codomain =

Object

=

Image

=

Range

=...

1.3 Classifying the types of relations

State the type of the following relations

x

2

a)

..

x

X2

-3

Type of number

d)

3

2

-2

-3

36

c)

16

xX

b)

Prime

Even

-3

..

2.0 Functions

2.1 Recognize functions as a special relation.

3

2.3 Determine domain , object , image and range

2.1 Identify each of the following relations is a function or not.

a)

b)

c)

p

a)

b)

Function notation

f : x ..

or f ( x ) =

c)

16

Function notation

g : x ..

or g ( x ) =

Function notation

h : x ..

or h ( x ) =

(i)f:x

2x + 9

f (5 ) =

( ii ) f : x

5x 3

2

f (-3 ) =

iii) h : x

x

+6

5

find h ( -2 )

4

..

i )f : x 2x 3 , find the

object when the image is 5.

ii )f : x

2x 8

, find the

3

i )f : x

6

7 , find the

x

i)

f ( x ) = 2x + 7

for which f ( x ) = 3

ii )

g(x)=

8

2x 1

5

iii)

h(x) =

x3

2

for which h ( x ) = x

fg

f: a b

g: bc

gf : a c

3.1 ( a ) Find the value for each of the following composite functions

i ) f( x ) = x + 2 and

g ( x) = 5x + 3

find fg ( 2 ) =

ii ) g ( x ) = 2 +5x

find g2(4)

=

6

1

and g ( x )

2

1

.Find fg ( 1 )

x 1

( i ) f( x ) = 2x + 3

g( x ) = 1 x

fg ( x ) =

( ii ) f( x ) = 2x + 3

g( x ) = 2 + 5 x2

gf ( x ) =

( iii ) f ( x ) = 1 g(x)=

x

2

4

x

fg ( x ) =

i) f ( x ) =

3

x

g ( x ) = 2x + 1

fg ( x ) = 5

ii )f( x ) = 2x + 4

iii) f ( x ) = 1 g (x ) =

g ( x ) = x -2

x

,

2

4

x

fg ( x ) = -1

fg ( x ) = 2

( d ) Solve

i )Given the function

7

f: x 4x + k ,

g : x x 2

fg : x mx + 8

f: x 9 2x ,

g : x ax + b and

fg: x 1 6x

f: x 2x 1 ,

g : x 4x and

gf : x ax + b

SPM 2004 ( paper 1, question no 1 )

1. Diagram 1 shows the relation between set P and set Q

z

Set P

Set Q

Diagram 1

State

( a ) the range of the relation,

( b ) the type of relation.

[2 marks]

Answer:

6

,x

x

(a)g(x)

( b ) the value of x when gh ( x ) = 5.

[ 4 marks]

Answer:

1. In Diagram 1 , the function h maps x to y and the function g maps y to z.

x

8

5

2

Diagram 1

Determine

( a ) gh ( 2 )

Answer:

9

1)

P

s

A

Diagram 1

The diagram above shows the relation between set A and set B. State

a) the type of relation

b) the range of relation

Answer:

Answer:

Answer:

Find

i ) fg ( x )

ii ) fg ( - 2 )

Answer:

5 ) Given the function f : x px + 2 and g : x qx + 3 . If the composite function fg is

such that fg ( x ) = 8x + 8 , find the values of p and q.

Answer:

6.0 ANSWERS

1.1

10

Arrow diagram

Ordered pair

KB

Kel

SA

Sel

Ipoh

Per

Graph

KB

S.Alam),

( Perak,Ipoh)

SA

Ipoh

Kel

4), ( Pen,5)

3

3

4

Tri

rec

Per

5

4

Pen

Sel

3

A

Pen

rec

Tri

1.3

2.1

2.2

Image = 1,3,4,5,9 , Range = 1,4,9

( a ) one to one ( b ) One to many( c ) many to one( d ) many to many

( a ) function ( b ) Not function ( c ) function

(a) 2x (b) x2 (c) 2x + 3

2.3

a) ( I ) 19

1.2

(ii) -6 (iii ) 3

b) (i) 2 (ii)

1

2

1

(iii) -3

2

3.1

a) ( i) 15

(ii ) 102

b) (i) 5 2x

(ii) 20x2+60x+47

c) (i) -

1

5

(ii) 1

d) (i) k=16,m=4

4.0 SPM QUESTIONS

SPM 2004( P1,Q1) a)

SPM 2004( P1,Q3)

( iii) 2

(iii) 1-

2

x

(iii) 1

(ii) a=3,b=4

(iii) a=8,b= - 4

(a) g(x) =

2

, x 0

3

( b) x = 15

8

5.0 Assessment( 30 minutes)

1)

( a)many to many

( b ) range = p,q,r

2)

-2

3)

k=3

4)

(i) 8x+11

(ii) -5

5)

p=

1

, q = 16

2

11

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