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MODULE B RISK MANAGEMENT

UNIT 8
Check Your Progress
A) Investment in Post Office time deposit is
(i) Zero-risk investment
(ii) Low-risk investment
(iii) Medium-risk investment
(iv) High-risk investment
Ans: Zero-risk investment
B) Zero-risk investment implies
(i) Zero variation in cash flow from investment
(ii) Investment in zero coupon bonds
(iii) Investment in government securities
(iv) Investment in bank fixed deposit
Ans: Zero variation in cash flow from investment
C) Which of the following statements is correct?
(i) Higher the risk-higher would be risk premium
(ii) Higher the risk-lower would be risk premium
(iii) Lower the risk-higher would be risk premium
(iv) None of the statements is correct
Ans: Higher the risk-higher would be risk premium
D) Which of the following statements is correct?
(i) Higher the risk in a business, higher would be capital requirement
(ii) Higher the risk in a business, higher would be return expectation
(iii) Higher the risk in a business, higher would be capital requirement and higher would be return
expectation
(iv) None of the statements is correct
Ans: Higher the risk in a business, higher would be capital requirement
E) What is most critical function of Risk Management?
(i)Controlling the level of risk to an organization's capacity
(ii)Identification of risks
(iii)Estimating the costs of risk
(iv)Measurement of risk
Ans: Controlling the level of risk to an organization's capacity
Terminal Questions
(A) Capital charge component of pricing accounts for
1.Cost of capital
2.Internal generation of capital
3.Loss provision
Which of the following is True?
(i)All the statements are correct

(ii)Statements 1 and 2 are correct


(iii)Statements 2 and 3 are correct
(iv)Statements 3 and 1 are correct
Statements 3 and 1 are correct
(B) Daily volatility of a stock is 0.5%. What is its 10-day volatility?
(i)5%
(ii)0.25%
(iii)1.58%
(iv)None of these
1.58%
(C) Risk mitigation results in
1.Reduction of downside potential
2.Reduction in profit potential
Which of the following is True?
(i)All the statements are correct
(ii)Statement 1 is correct
(iii)Statement 2 is correct
(iv)Both are incorrect
All the statements are correct

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Unit 9
Tick the Correct Answer
(A) Financial Risk is defined as
(i)Uncertainties resulting in adverse variation of profitability or outright losses
(ii)Uncertainties that result in outright losses
(iii)Uncertainties in cash flow
(iv)Variations in net cash flows
Variations in net cash flows
(B) Strategic Risk is a type of
(i)Interest rate risk
(ii)Operational risk
(iii)Liquidity risk
(iv)None of these
None of these
(C) A bank funds its assets from a pool of composite liabilities. Apart from credit and operational
risks, it faces
(i)Basis risk
(ii)Mismatch risk
(iii)Market risk
(iv)Liquidity risk

Basis risk
(D) A branch sanctions Rs 1 crore loan to a borrower, which of the following risks the branch is taking
1.Liquidity risk
2.Interest rate risk
3.Market risk
4.Credit risk
5.Operational risk
(i)All of them
(ii)1, 2 and 3 only
(iii)1, 4 and 5 only
(iv)1, 2, 4 and 5 only
1, 2, 4 and 5 only
(E) Premature payment of a term loan will result in interest rate risk of type
(i)Basis risk
(ii)Yield curve risk
(iii)Embedded option risk
(iv)Mismatch risk
Embedded option risk
Answers to Terminal Questions
A.(iv), B.(iv), C.(i), D.(iv), E.(iii)
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Unit 10
Terminal Questions
(A) Systemic risk is the risk of
(i)Failure of a bank, which is not adhering to regulations
(ii)Failure of two banks simultaneously due to bankruptcy of one bank
(iii)Where a group of banks fail due to contagion effect
(iv)Failure of entire banking system
Failure of entire banking system
(B) Central Bank Governors of G-10 countries participate in the Basel Committee on Banking
Supervision. Total number of members:
(i) 10 (ii) 11 (iii) 12 (iv) 13
13
(C) 1988 Capital Accord framework accounted for
1.Credit risk
2.Market Risk
3.Operational risk
4.Defined capital component
Which of the following is true?
(i)All of them
(ii)1,2 and 4
(iii)1, 3 and 4

(iv)1,2 and 3
1,2 and 4
(D) Back testing is done to
(i)Test a model
(ii)Compare model results and actual performance
(iii)Record performance
(iv)None of the above
Compare model results and actual performance
(E) Under Basel II, capital requirement under the accord is
(i)The maximum capital that is required to be maintained
(ii)The minimum capital that is required to be maintained
(iii)The capital as specified by the regulatory authority is required to be maintained
(iv)None of the above
The capital as specified by the regulatory authority is required to be maintained
(F) Capital charge for credit risk requires input for PD, LGD, HAD and M. Under advanced IRB
approach, who provides the input for LGD.
(i)Bank
(ii)Supervisor
(iii)Function provided by BCBS
(iv)None of the above
Bank
Answers to Terminal Questions
1. (iv), 2.(iv), 3.(ii), 4.(ii), 5.(iii), 6.(i)
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Unit 11
1. A bank expects fall in price of a security if it sells it in the market. What is the risk that the bank is
facing?
(a) Market risk
(b) Operational risk
(c) Asset liquidation risk
(d) Market liquidity risk
Asset liquidation risk
2. An 8-year 8% semi-annual bond has a BPV of Rs 125. The yield on the bond has increased by 5 basis
points. What is the profit or loss suffered due to increase in yield?
(a) A profit of Rs 1000 (c) A profit of Rs 625
(b) A loss of Rs 1000 (d) A loss of Rs 625
A loss of Rs 625
3. 1 day VaR of a portfolio is Rs 500.000 with 95% confidence level. In a period of six months (125
working days) how many times the loss on the portfolio may exceed Rs 500.000?
(a) 4 days (c) 6 days
(b) 5 days (d) 7 days
6 days

4. A bank suffers loss due to adverse market movement of a security. The security was how ever held
beyond the defeasance period. What is the type of the risk that the bank has suffered?
(a) Market risk (b) Operational risk (c) Market liquidation risk (d) Credit risk
5. A bank holds a security that is rated A+. The rating of the security migrates to A. What is the risk
that the bank has faced?
(a) Market risk (c) Market liquidation risk
(b) Operational risk (d) Credit risk
Credit risk
6. A bond with remaining maturity of 5 years is presently yielding 6%. Its modified duration is 5 years.
What is its McCauley's duration?
(a) 5.05% (c) 5.30%
(b) 3.77% (d) 6.00%
5.30%
7. VaR is not enough to assess market risk of a portfolio. Stress testing is desirable because
(a)It helps in calibrating VaR module
(b)It helps as an additional risk measure
(c)It helps in assessing risk due to abnormal movement of market parameters
(d)It is used as VaR measure is not accurate enough
It helps in assessing risk due to abnormal movement of market parameters
Answers to Terminal Questions
1. (c), 2. (d), 3. (c), 4. (b),
5. (d), 6. (c), 7. (c)

UNIT 12
Terminal Questions
1.Which of the following is not a type of credit risk?
(i)Default risk (ii)Credit spread risk (iii) Intrinsic risk (iv) Basis risk
2.Risk of a portfolio with over exposure in steel sector will be
(i)More than systematic risk
(ii)Equal to intrinsic risk
(iii)Less than intrinsic risk
(iv)None of these
3.
4.The risk that arises due to worsening of credit quality is
(i)Intrinsic risk
(ii)Credit spread risk
(iii)Portfolio risk

(iv)Counterparty risk
5.In order to develop our capability to actively manage our credit portfolio one must have in place
the
following:
(a)Credit Rating Model (or models for different categories of loans and advances)
(b)Develop and maintain necessary data on defaults of borrowers rating category-wise, i.e.. 'Rating
Migration'
(i)Both 1 and 2 are required
(ii)Only 1 is required
(iii)Only 2 is required
(iv)None of the above
6. The model that combines five financial ratios using reported accounting information and equity
values to produce an objective measure of borrower's financial health is
(i)Altman's Z Score
(ii)'CreditMetrics'
(iii)CreditRisk+
(iv)None of the above.
7. A transaction where financial securities are issued against the cash flow generated from a pool of
assets is called
(i)Securitization
(ii)Credit Default Swaps
(iii)Credit Linked Notes
(iv)Total Return Swaps

Answers to Questions
1. iv, 2. i, 3. 21, 4. ii,

5. i,

.6. i,

7. I

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Unit 13
1.Operational Risk arises from
(a)Inadequate or failed internal processes
(b)People and systems
(c)External events
(d)Defaults
(e)Market price fluctuations
Which of the following is true
(i)
All of them
(ii)
None of them
(iii)
(a), (b) and (c)
(iv)
(a), (b) and (e)

2.The third Consultative Paper recommended for


(a)Cause based classification (b)Effect based classification
For operational risk.
Which of the following is true
(i) (a)
(ii)None of them
(iii)(c)
(iv)(b)

(c)Event based classification

3.Benefits of integrated risk framework are


(a)To relate capital and reserves more effectively to their actual level of risk exposure.
(b)To evaluate pricing decisions and product profitability
(c)In making risk transfer decisions
Which of the following is true
(i)All of them
(ii)None of them
(ii) ( a ) a n d ( b )
(iv) (b) and (c)
4.Rewards of proper management of operational risks are
(a)Lesser risk capital
(b)Cost reductions in operations
(c)Competitive edge
Which of the following is true
(i)All of them
(ii)None of them
(iii)(a), (b) and (c)
(iv)(a) and (b)
5.Given the following
Probability of occurrence = 4
Potential financial impact = 4
Impact of internal controls = 0%
What is the estimated level of operational risk?
(a)3
(b)2
(c)0
(d)4
6.What is the beta factor for corporate finance under Standardised approach?
(a)15%
(b)18%
(c)12%
(d)None of the above
Answers to Terminal Questions
1. (iii), 2. (iii), 3. (i), 4. (i), 5. (d), 6. (b)

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