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2

Part A

1. In an inelastic collision, which of the following quantities

remains constant before and after the collision?

A. Total acceleration

B. Total velocity

C. Total momentum

D. Total kinetic energy

A pencil

C iron rod

B sponge

D car

an object.

2. The graph below shows the motion of a trolley with mass 1.5 kg.

A. 1.5 kg m s-1

C. 4.0 kg m s-1

B. 3.0 kg m s-1

D. 6.0 kg m s-1

of water from its body.

A 0 s to 2 s

D 6 s to 8 s

B 2 s to 4 s

E 0 s to 8 s

C 2 s to 6 s

7. Which car has the greatest momentum when each of its velocity

is 20ms-1 ?

A conservation of energy

B newton's first law of motion

C conservation of momentum

A.

C.

false?

A an object with a lesser mass has a lesser inertia

B inertia is the property of matter that causes it to resist any

change in its motion or state of rest

C the SI unit of inertia is kilogram

8. A big ship will keep moving for some distance when its engine

is turned off. This situation happens because the ship has

A. great inertia

B. great acceleration

C. great momentum

D. great kinetic energy

Part B

1. What is inertia? Does 2 kg rock have twice the inertia of 1 kg rock?

2.

a)

Diagram 2.1(i) shows tin P that is empty and tin Q that is filled with water. A student find difficult to pushed tin Q. Write the

inference about the observation.

.

b) Diagram 2.1(ii) shows a tin being released from the different positions M and N. The hand of a student at position R needs

greater force to stop the motion of the tin falling from position M. Explain this observation.

..

..

c) Based on the observation (i) and (ii), state two factors that affect the magnitude of the momentum of the object.

.

d) If water flows out from a hole at the bottom of the tin Q, how would the inertia of Tin Q depends on time ?

.

3. Car A of mass 100 kg traveling at 30 m s-1 collides with

4. A trolley of mass 4 kg moves at 3 m s-1 and collide with a

-1

Car B of mass 90 kg traveling at 20 m s in front of it.

trolley of mass 2 kg which is moving in the opposite

Car A and B move separately after collision. If Car A

direction at 1 m s-1. After the collision, both trolleys move

-1

moves at 25 m s after collision, determine the

together with the same velocity. What is their common

velocity ?

velocity of Car B after collision.

5. A bullet of mass 2 g is shot from a gun of mass 1 kg with a velocity of 150 m s -1 . Calculate the velocity of the recoil of the

gun after firing.

6. The diagram shows a boy of mass 45 kg running with a velocity of 2.0 ms-1 towards a stationary trolley of mass 15 kg. He then

jumps onto the stationary trolley.

a) Name the physics principle involved when the boy jumps onto the trolley.

b) In what direction will the trolley moves after the boy jumped onto it?

c)

Calculate the velocity of the boy and the trolley after the boy lands on the trolley.

7. An arrow of mass 150 g is shot into a wooden block of mass 450 g lying at rest on a smooth surface. At the moment of impact,

the arrow is travelling horizontally at 15 ms-1. Calculate the common velocity after the impact.

8. A riffle of mass 5.0 kg fires a bullet of mass 50 g with a velocity of 80 m s -1 .Calculate the recoil velocity. Explain why the

recoil velocity of a riflle is much less than the velocity of the bullet.

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