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37259C

SPM-D11
Synchronizing Unit

Manual
Software version 6.3xx

Manual 37259C

Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

WARNING
Read this entire manual and all other publications pertaining to the work to be performed before installing, operating, or servicing this equipment. Practice all plant and safety instructions and precautions.
Failure to follow instructions can cause personal injury and/or property damage.
The engine, turbine, or other type of prime mover should be equipped with an overspeed (overtemperature, or overpressure, where applicable) shutdown unit(s), that operates totally independently of the
prime mover control unit(s) to protect against runaway or damage to the engine, turbine, or other type
of prime mover with possible personal injury or loss of life should the mechanical-hydraulic governor(s) or electric control(s), the actuator(s), fuel control(s), the driving mechanism(s), the linkage(s), or
the controlled unit(s) fail.

CAUTION
To prevent damage to a control system that uses an alternator or battery-charging unit, make sure the
charging unit is turned off before disconnecting the battery from the system.
Electronic controls contain static-sensitive parts. Observe the following precautions to prevent damage to these parts.

Discharge body static before handling the control (with power to the control turned off, contact a
grounded surface and maintain contact while handling the control).

Avoid all plastic, vinyl, and Styrofoam (except antistatic versions) around printed circuit boards.

Do not touch the components or conductors on a printed circuit board with your hands or with
conductive units.

Important Definitions
WARNING
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation that, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury.
Appropriate precautions have to be taken.

CAUTION
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation that, if not avoided, could result in damage to equipment.
This note should absolutely be observed when connecting the unit.

NOTE
References to other notes and supplements as well as tables and lists are identified by means of the
"i" symbol. Most of the referenced sections are included in the Annex.

Woodward Governor Company reserves the right to update any portion of this publication at any time. Information provided by Woodward Governor Company is believed to be correct and reliable. However, Woodward Governor Company assumes no responsibility
unless otherwise expressly undertaken.

Woodward Governor Company


All Rights Reserved.

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Woodward

Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Revision History
Rev.
B
C

Date
04-08-04
04-10-19

Editor
TP
TP

Change
LSR/LSXR update
1/3-phase measurement functionality updated; linguistic update

Contents
CHAPTER 1. GENERAL INFORMATION.........................................................................................6
CHAPTER 2. ELECTROSTATIC DISCHARGE AWARENESS .............................................................7
CHAPTER 3. INSTALLATION .......................................................................................................8
Wiring Diagram .......................................................................................................................................9
SPM-D11/LSR ..............................................................................................................................9
SPM-D11/LSXR ..........................................................................................................................10
Reference Point ....................................................................................................................................11
Power Supply ........................................................................................................................................11
Measuring Inputs...................................................................................................................................12
Voltage........................................................................................................................................12
Current ........................................................................................................................................13
Discrete Inputs ......................................................................................................................................14
Analog Inputs ........................................................................................................................................15
Relay Outputs .......................................................................................................................................16
Controller Outputs .................................................................................................................................17
SPM-D11/LSR ............................................................................................................................17
SPM-D11/LSXR ..........................................................................................................................18

CHAPTER 4. DESCRIPTION OF FUNCTIONS ...............................................................................20


Functional Description ..........................................................................................................................20
Table for Terminal 6 = "Enable Control" .....................................................................................20
Table for Terminal 6 = "Enable Power Set point Value 2"..........................................................21
Additional Conditions ..................................................................................................................22
Control Inputs........................................................................................................................................23
Isolation of the Power Supply from the Discrete Inputs ........................................................................23
Operating Modes...................................................................................................................................24
No Load Control..........................................................................................................................24
Synchronization ..........................................................................................................................24
Synch-Check...............................................................................................................................25
Isolated Operation ......................................................................................................................25
Closing the CB Without Synchronization (Dead Bus Start)........................................................25
Mains Parallel Operation ............................................................................................................26
Load and/or Var Sharing.............................................................................................................27
LED "Gen CB - ON" Flashes ......................................................................................................27
Control Outputs .....................................................................................................................................28
Analog Controller Outputs.....................................................................................................................29

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Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

CHAPTER 5. DISPLAY AND OPERATING ELEMENTS .................................................................. 32


Brief Explanation of the LEDs and Push Buttons ................................................................................. 33
LEDs........................................................................................................................................... 33
Buttons ....................................................................................................................................... 33
Others......................................................................................................................................... 33
LEDs ..................................................................................................................................................... 34
Push Buttons ........................................................................................................................................ 36
LC Display ............................................................................................................................................ 37
Display Monitoring in Automatic Mode: Double Voltage / Frequency Display........................... 37
Display Monitoring in Automatic Mode: Alarm Indication........................................................... 37

CHAPTER 6. CONFIGURATION ................................................................................................. 38


Basic Data ............................................................................................................................................ 38
Password Protection .................................................................................................................. 39
Direct Configuration.................................................................................................................... 40
Basic Settings ....................................................................................................................................... 41
PTs (Voltage Transformers)....................................................................................................... 41
CTs (Current Transformer)......................................................................................................... 42
Controller .............................................................................................................................................. 43
Idle Control ................................................................................................................................. 43
Frequency Controller.................................................................................................................. 43
Voltage Controller....................................................................................................................... 47
Power Factor Control ................................................................................................................. 50
Real Power Controller ................................................................................................................ 52
Power Limitation......................................................................................................................... 52
Part Load Lead........................................................................................................................... 52
Shut Down .................................................................................................................................. 52
Power Set point Value................................................................................................................ 53
Load/Var Sharing ....................................................................................................................... 56
Synchronization .................................................................................................................................... 57
Functions of Synchronization ..................................................................................................... 57
Synchronization Time Monitoring............................................................................................... 59
Dead Bus Operation ............................................................................................................................. 60
Protection.............................................................................................................................................. 61
Generator Reverse/Reduced Power Monitoring ........................................................................ 61
Generator Overload Monitoring.................................................................................................. 62
Generator Frequency Monitoring ............................................................................................... 63
Generator Voltage Monitoring .................................................................................................... 64
Auto Acknowledge Messages .................................................................................................... 64
Password .............................................................................................................................................. 65

CHAPTER 7. COMMISSIONING.................................................................................................. 66
APPENDIX A. DIMENSIONS ...................................................................................................... 68
APPENDIX B. LIST OF PARAMETERS ........................................................................................ 69
APPENDIX C. TECHNICAL DATA .............................................................................................. 72
APPENDIX D. SERVICE OPTIONS ............................................................................................. 74
Product Service Options....................................................................................................................... 74
Returning Equipment for Repair ........................................................................................................... 74
Packing a Control ....................................................................................................................... 75
Return Authorization Number RAN ............................................................................................ 75
Replacement Parts ............................................................................................................................... 75
How to contact Woodward.................................................................................................................... 76
Engineering Services............................................................................................................................ 77
Technical Assistance............................................................................................................................ 78

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Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Illustrations and Tables


Illustrations
Figure 3-1: Wiring diagram SPM-D11/LSR .............................................................................................................................. 9
Figure 3-2: Wiring diagram SPM-D11/LSXR ......................................................................................................................... 10
Figure 3-3: Reference point ..................................................................................................................................................... 11
Figure 3-4: Power supply......................................................................................................................................................... 11
Figure 3-5: Measuring inputs - Generator................................................................................................................................ 12
Figure 3-6: Measuring inputs - Synchronization voltage ......................................................................................................... 13
Figure 3-7: Measuring inputs - Current.................................................................................................................................... 13
Figure 3-8: Digital inputs......................................................................................................................................................... 14
Figure 3-9: Analog inputs ........................................................................................................................................................ 15
Figure 3-10: Load sharing........................................................................................................................................................ 15
Figure 3-11: Relay outputs control outputs I (CB control) ................................................................................................... 16
Figure 3-12: Relay outputs control outputs II (acknowledgements) ..................................................................................... 16
Figure 3-13: Controller - SPM-D11/LSR three-position controller ...................................................................................... 17
Figure 3-14: Controller - SPM-D11/LSXR - Three-step controller ......................................................................................... 18
Figure 3-15: Controller - SPM-D11/LSXR - Analog controller output - Speed/frequency/real power ................................... 19
Figure 3-16: Controller - SPM-D11/LSXR - Analog controller output - Voltage/power factor .............................................. 19
Figure 4-1: Control loop .......................................................................................................................................................... 29
Figure 4-2: Step response (example)........................................................................................................................................ 29
Figure 4-3: Step response - controller set-up ........................................................................................................................... 31
Figure 5-1: Front foil ............................................................................................................................................................... 32
Figure 7-1: Dimensions............................................................................................................................................................ 68

Tables
Table 4-1: Operating conditions - Terminal 6 = "Enable control" ........................................................................................... 20
Table 4-2: Operating conditions - Terminal 6 = "OFF" ........................................................................................................... 21
Table 4-3: Operating conditions - status of measuring inputs and configuration..................................................................... 22
Table 4-4: Power set point modes............................................................................................................................................ 26

Woodward

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Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Chapter 1.
General Information
The SPM-D11 is a synchronizing unit with integrated control functions for generator power levels and load sharing. Through the application of appropriate logic to the discrete inputs the following functions can be realized:

Synchronization,
Synch-check,
Black start,
Load/var control and
Load/var sharing.

Type designation of the SPM-D comprises a standard control plus options as follows:
SPM-D11 4 5 -h0018 B/ -ABDEF..Z

Options according to list of options.


These options can be found in this manual. Each chapter headline
points out if the described function is standard or has to be ordered as
an option.
Mounting
[B]..Flush-mounting
[M]..DIN-rail/rear panel mounting
Hardware variation
non-standard versions; e. g. green display, different relays
Current transformers, secondary
[1] = ../1 A
[5] = ../5 A
Voltage transformer, secondary
[1] = 100 Vac (Range 50-120 Vac
[4] = 400 Vac (Range 50-400 Vac)
Type

Examples:
SPM-D1145B/LSR (LSR package with 50-400 Vac voltage and ../5 A current measuring inputs)
SPM-D1111B/LSXR (LSXR package with 50-120 Vac voltage and ../1 A current measuring inputs)
Intended Use The control must only be operated for the uses described in this manual. The prerequisite for a
proper and safe operation of the product is correct transportation, storage and installation, as well as careful operation and maintenance.

NOTE
This manual has been developed for a control fitted with all available options. Inputs/outputs, functions, configuration screens and other details described, which do not exist on your control, may be
ignored.
The present manual has been prepared to enable the installation and commissioning of the control.
Due to the large variety of parameter settings, it is not possible to cover every combination. The manual is therefore only a guide. In case of incorrect entries or a total loss of functions, the default settings
can be taken from the list of parameters located in the rear of this manual.

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Woodward

Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Chapter 2.
Electrostatic Discharge Awareness
All electronic equipment is static-sensitive, some components more than others. To protect these components
from static damage, you must take special precautions to minimize or eliminate electrostatic discharges.
Follow these precautions when working with or near the control.
1.

Before doing maintenance on the electronic control, discharge the static electricity on your body to
ground by touching and holding a grounded metal object (pipes, cabinets, equipment, etc.).

2.

Avoid the build-up of static electricity on your body by not wearing clothing made of synthetic materials.
Wear cotton or cotton-blend materials as much as possible because these do not store static electric
charges as much as synthetics.

3.

Keep plastic, vinyl, and Styrofoam materials (such as plastic or Styrofoam cups, cup holders, cigarette
packages, cellophane wrappers, vinyl books or folders, plastic bottles, and plastic ash trays) away from
the control, the modules, and the work area as much as possible.

4.

With the opening of the control the guarantee expires!


Do not remove the printed circuit board (PCB) from the control cabinet unless absolutely necessary. If
you must remove the PCB from the control cabinet, follow these precautions:
Do not touch any part of the PCB except the edges.
Do not touch the electrical conductors, the connectors, or the components with conductive controls or
with your hands.
When replacing a PCB, keep the new PCB in the plastic antistatic protective bag it comes in until you
are ready to install it. Immediately after removing the old PCB from the control cabinet, place it in the
antistatic protective bag.

WARNING
To prevent damage to electronic components caused by improper handling, read and observe the precautions in Woodward manual 82715, Guide for Handling and Protection of Electronic Controls, Printed
Circuit Boards, and Modules.

Woodward

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Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Chapter 3.
Installation
WARNING
A circuit breaker must be located near to the control and in a position easily accessible to the operator.
This must also bear a sign identifying it as an isolating switch for the control.

NOTE
Inductive devices connected to the system (such as operating current coils, undervoltage tripping
units, or auxiliary/power contacts) must be connected to a suitable interference suppressor.

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Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Wiring Diagram

SPEED / REAL POWER


Three-position controller

Generator voltage
L1
s1 (k)
Generator current L1
s2 (l)
Reply: CB is open
Enable CB
Command: close CB

N.O.
L2

Command: open CB
(for shutdown)

Mains voltage or
Busbar voltage

L1

N.O.

Generator overvoltage
generator undervoltage

N.O.

Reverse/reduced power
overload

N.O.

Power
limit value

N.O.

var sharing

0 to 4 Vdc

Load sharing

0 to 4 Vdc
0 to 20 mA

External real power setpoint value


GND

Ready for operation

N.O.

Common (term. 3, 4, 5, 6)
Release control or
Setpoint power
Release isolated operation / dead bus
- Power supply

SPM-D11

#Battery

+ Power supply (refer to label for actual rating Vaux)


Reference point (terminal 29/30)

Subject to technical modifications.

SPM-D11

L2

Generator overcurrent
generator undercurrent

VOLTAGE / POWER FACTOR


Three-position controller

raise

7 18 19 27 28 29 30 16 17 37 38 41 42 43 44

lower

4 25 26 20 21

11 12 13 8

raise

alternatively

lower

SPM-D11/LSR (Synchronizing Unit)

CB
3

CB

alternatively

23 24 39 40 14 15 3

Drive

9 10

The socket for the PC configuration


is situated on the side of the unit.

SPM-D11/LSR

2004-10-14 | SPM-D11 Wiring Diagram spmd11ww-4204-ap.skf

Figure 3-1: Wiring diagram SPM-D11/LSR

Woodward

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Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Frequency / Real Power

Voltage / Power Factor

Speed
Governor

AVR

AVR

Reply: CB is open
Enable CB
Command: close CB

N.O.
L2

Command: open CB
(for shutdown)

Mains voltage or
Busbar voltage

L1

IA

N.O.

Generator overcurrent
generator undercurrent

N.O.

Generator overvoltage
generator undervoltage

N.O.

Reverse/reduced power
overload

N.O.

Power
limit value

N.O.

var sharing

0 to 4 Vdc

Load sharing

0 to 4 Vdc
0 to 20 mA

External real power setpoint value


GND

Ready for operation

N.O.

Common (term. 3, 4, 5, 6)
Release control or
Setpoint power
Release isolated operation / dead bus
- Power supply

SPM-D11

#Battery

+ Power supply (refer to label for actual rating Vaux)


Reference point (terminal 29/30)

Subject to technical modifications.

SPM-D11

Generator current L1
s2 (l)

Control:
- frequency higher (f+)
- voltage higher (V+)

s1 (k)

N.O.

Generator voltage
L1

Control:
- frequency lower (f-)
- voltage lower (V-)

L2

SPM-D11/LSXR (Synchronizing Unit)

VOLTAGE / POWER FACTOR


Analog controller

11 12 13

7 18 19 27 28 29 30 16 17 37 38 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48

11 12 13

9 10

SPEED / REAL POWER


Analog controller

11 12 13 8
4 25 26 20 21

N/C

VA

VA

9 10

N/C

9 10
alternatively

23 24 39 40 14 15 3

Drive

G
CB
3

CB

alternatively

9 10

GND

Speed
Governor

GND

Speed
Governor

GND

Current

IA

Voltage

GND

Current

GND

Voltage

PWM

PWM

The socket for the PC configuration


is situated on the side of the unit.

SPM-D11/LSXR

2004-10-14 | SPM-D11 Wiring Diagram spmd11ww-4204-ap.skf

Figure 3-2: Wiring diagram SPM-D11/LSXR

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Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Reference Point

Reference point

Figure 3-3: Reference point


Terminal
0

Description
Reference point: Neutral point of the three-phase system or neutral terminal of
the voltage transformer (Measuring reference point);
with three-conductor (delta) systems, do not connect

Amax
Sold.lug

Power Supply

WARNING
There are two different versions of this unit with different voltage input ratings. Look at the DATA
PLATE of the unit to determine the correct voltage input ratings. An incorrect power supply may destroy the unit. The voltage input ratings are:

Vaux = 24 Vdc

Vaux = 12/24 Vdc

24 Vdc / 12/24 Vdc

24 Vdc
12/24 Vdc

0 Vdc

Power supply

Figure 3-4: Power supply


Terminal
1
2

Woodward

Description
+24 Vdc or +12/24Vdc
0 Vdc

Amax
2.5 mm
2.5 mm

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SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Measuring Inputs

Voltage
NOTE
The SPM-D11 can only operate (monitor) one synchronization point (one power circuit breaker), due to
the 1-power-circuit-breaker configuration. The measured voltage at terminals 23/24 is the voltage reference point for the synchronization at terminals 20/21. The synchronization reference voltage can be the
mains or busbar voltage.

NOTE
There are generally three variations for connection of the measuring circuit voltage:
c Direct connection to a low voltage system
d Connection to medium voltage via two-phase isolated transformer (e. g. in the case of a
delta connection)
e Connection to medium voltage via single- phase isolated transformer (e. g. Y-connection).
The SPM-D11 may be connected to L1/L2 or L1/N. Regardless of what connection is used, the generator and mains/busbar must always be connected identically. Correct measured values can be achieved
for three-phase and single-phase systems if the SPM-D11 is configured accordingly (refer to CTs (Current Transformer) on page 42).

Generator
MCB

GCB

L1

L2
L3

0 20 21

L2

Generator
voltage

L1

Figure 3-5: Measuring inputs - Generator


Note: Connection corresponding to the mains configuration (see wiring diagram)
Terminal
Measurement
Description
Connection of the measuring circuit voltage corresponding to the variant c, d or e
20
Generator voltage L1
21
Generator voltage L2
direct or
Reference point: N-terminal of the low voltage system or
Transformer
star point of the voltage transducer (measuring reference
../100
V
0
point);
do not connect in delta connection installations

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Amax
2.5 mm
2.5 mm
Solder.lug

Woodward

Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Mains/Busbar
MCB

GCB

L1

L2
L3

23 24

L2

Synchronizing
voltage

L1

Figure 3-6: Measuring inputs - Synchronization voltage


Note: Connection corresponding to the Bus configuration (see wiring diagram).
Terminal
Measurement
Description
Connection of the measuring circuit voltage corresponding to variant c, d or e
23
Synchronization ref. voltage L1
direct
or ../100 V
24
Synchronization ref. voltage L2

Amax
2.5 mm
2.5 mm

Current
WARNING
Before disconnecting the secondary terminals of the current transformer or the connections of the current transformer at the unit, ensure that the transformer is short-circuited.

NOTE
Current transducers are generally to be grounded on one side of the secondary.

MCB

GCB

L1
L2

S2
s2

S1
s1

L3

25 26

s1 (k)
s2 (l)

L1

Generator current
../1 A or ../5 A

Figure 3-7: Measuring inputs - Current


Terminal
25
26

Measurement
Transformer
../1 A o. ../5 A

Description
Generator current L1, transformer terminal s2 (l)
Generator current L1, transformer terminal s1 (k)

Amax
2.5 mm
2.5 mm

NOTE
If the generator load is always symmetrically, the current may also be measured in L2 or L3. This must
be considered when configuring the SPM-D11 (refer to CTs (Current Transformer) on page 42). If there
is a possibility that the load may be asymmetrical, the current must be measured in L1.

Woodward

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Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Discrete Inputs

WARNING
There are two versions of this unit with different discrete inputs. The discrete inputs have different
maximum voltage ratings. Look at the DATA PLATE of the unit to determine the correct voltage input
ratings. Applying incorrect voltages to the discrete inputs may destroy the hardware. The voltage input
ratings are:

+
VCont, dig. input = /-18 to 250 Vac/dc

VCont, dig. input = 12/24 Vdc

+/-18 to 250 Vac/dc


12/24 Vdc

CB

B A

Reply

Digital input

D C

Signal device

Digital input

Figure 3-8: Digital inputs


Terminal

Associated
zero-terminal

Description
(to DIN 40 719 part 3, 5.8.3)

Make contact
A
B
3
Enable CB
7
5
Enable isolated operation / dead bus start
6
Enable control or release power set point value 2 *
Normally closed contact
C
D
4
7
Reply: CB is open
* see parameter "Terminal 6" on page 43

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Amax

2.5 mm
2.5 mm
2.5 mm

2.5 mm

Woodward

Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Analog Inputs

0 A

VA

additional SPM-D11s

IA

0V

Analog input
0 to 4 V

0V

Analog input
0/4 to 20 mA

Figure 3-9: Analog inputs


Terminal
0 to 4 Vdc
A
29
30
0/4 to 20 mA
B
28

Associated
zero-terminal

Description
(to. DIN 40 719 part 3, 5.8.3)

Amax

Real power load sharing


Reactive power load sharing

2.5 mm
2.5 mm

27

Real power set point value

2.5 mm

All controls that are load sharing must be interconnected via terminal 29 (terminals 30 must also be interconnected for var sharing). If an SPM-D11 is switched off, the load/var sharing line must be disconnected to prevent
the disabled SPM-D11 from influencing the other controls.
0 Vdc
24 Vdc

30 29 2

var sharing

24 Vdc

Reference point

var sharing

24 Vdc

Reference point

SPM-D11
Analog output
0 to 4 Vdc

SPM-D11
Analog output
0 to 4 Vdc

0 Vdc

Load sharing

30 29 2
0 Vdc

Load sharing

1
24 Vdc

0 Vdc

var sharing

Load sharing

30 29 2

Reference point

additional
SPM-D11s

SPM-D11
Analog output
0 to 4 Vdc

Figure 3-10: Load sharing

Woodward

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Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Relay Outputs

external device

B A

max. 250 V AC

Relay output

Figure 3-11: Relay outputs control outputs I (CB control)


Root
A
14
39

Switched
B
15
40

Description

Amax

Synchronizing pulse, Command: close CB


Command: open CB for shutdown

2.5 mm
2.5 mm

NOTE
The relay "open CB for shutdown is used to automatically open the CB after the power has been reduced (see also Control Outputs on page 28). This relay is not controlled by monitoring functions.

external device

B A

max. 250 V AC

Relay output

Figure 3-12: Relay outputs control outputs II (acknowledgements)


Monitoring relay

N.O. functionality
Root
A
37
41
43

Signal relay

Switched
B
38
42
44

Description
Note: The relays are de-energized and open in case of an fault.
Reverse/reduced load, overload
Generator over/under voltage
Generator over/under frequency

Amax
2.5 mm
2.5 mm
2.5 mm

N.O. functionality
Root
A

Switched
B

18

19

Description
Note: The relay is energized and closed when the function is
fulfilled.
Ready for operation

Amax

2.5 mm

N.O. functionality

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Root
A

Switched
B

16

17

Description
Note: The relay will be de-energized and opens when the power
limit is exceeded.
Power limit

Amax

2.5 mm

Woodward

Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Controller Outputs

The SPM-D11/LSR is equipped with two three-position controllers for voltage and frequency (each comprising a
form C and form A relay). The SPM-D11/LSXR permits various analog or PWM output signals to be selected by
configuration, which can then be utilized in different ways.

SPM-D11/LSR
9 10

Voltage
controller

Lower

Speed
controller

Common

11 12 13

max. 250 Vac

Lower

Raise

Raise

Speed / frequency
controller

Voltage controller

Common

Figure 3-13: Controller - SPM-D11/LSR three-position controller


8
9
10
11
12
13

Woodward

Terminal
common
raise
lower
common
raise
lower

Description
Speed/frequency controller
Real power controller
Voltage controller
Power factor controller

Amax
2.5 mm
2.5 mm
2.5 mm
2.5 mm
2.5 mm
2.5 mm

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SPM-D11/LSXR
The SPM-D11/LSXR has various controller outputs with the following types of signal, which can be changed by
configuration as well as an external bridge/jumper.
Versions
- Three-step controller via the relay manager
- Controlling n/f: Parameter "f-controller type" = THREE-STEP
n+/f+ = relay at terminals 45/46
n-/f- = relay at terminals 47/48
- Controlling V: Parameter "V-controller type" = THREE-STEP
V+ = relay at terminals 45/46
V-- = relay at terminals 47/48
- Analog controller output
- Control of n/f/P: Parameter "f controller type" = ANALOG
Current output (mA) = no external bridge/jumper necessary
Voltage output (V) = external bridge/jumper between 8/9
Connect the Controller to terminals 9/10
- Control of V/cosphi: Parameter "V controller type" = ANALOG
Current output (mA) = no external bridge/jumper necessary
Voltage output (V) = external bridge/jumper between 11/12
Connect the controller to terminals 12/13
- PWM controller output
- Control of n/f/P: Parameter "f controller type" = PWM
PWM output = external bridge/jumper between 8/9
Connect the controller to terminals 9/10
Connecting the Controllers
Setting: 'THREE-STEP' (Three-step controller)

B A

max. 250 Vac

Relay output

The contactor has to be attenuated externally.

Figure 3-14: Controller - SPM-D11/LSXR - Three-step controller


Terminal
45 / 46
47 / 48

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Description
higher
lower

Speed / frequency controller or voltage controller

Amax
2.5 mm
2.5 mm

Woodward

Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Setting: 'ANALOG' and 'PWM' (Analog Controller)

9 10

GND

IA

9 10

GND

Speed / power
controller

9 10

VA

Speed / power
controller

GND
PWM

Speed / power
controller

PWM

Current

GND

VA

Voltage

Speed
Governor

GND

IA

N/C

PWM

Speed
Governor

GND

Speed
Governor

Frequency/real power controller

Figure 3-15: Controller - SPM-D11/LSXR - Analog controller output - Speed/frequency/real power


Type

Terminal
8
9
10
8
9

I
Current

V
Voltage

Amax
2.5 mm
2.5 mm
2.5 mm
2.5 mm
2.5 mm

GND
Speed controller /
Frequency controller /
Real power controller

VA

10
8
9
10

PWM

Description
IA

GND

2.5 mm
2.5 mm
2.5 mm
2.5 mm

PWM
GND

Setting: 'ANALOG' (Analog Controller)

VA

11 12 13

AVR

GND

N/C

GND

11 12 13

IA

Voltage

AVR

GND

Current

Voltage / power factor controller

GND

IA

VA

Voltage / re-active
power controller

Voltage / re-active
power controller

Figure 3-16: Controller - SPM-D11/LSXR - Analog controller output - Voltage/power factor


Type

I
Current

V
Voltage

Woodward

11
12
13
11
12

Terminal

Description

GND

VA

Amax
2.5 mm
2.5 mm
2.5 mm
2.5 mm
2.5 mm

13

GND

2.5 mm

IA
Voltage controller
Power factor cosphi controller

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Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Chapter 4.
Description of Functions
Functional Description

Table for Terminal 6 = "Enable Control"


With this setting, the control can be used as an SPM-A.
The status of the discrete inputs "Reply: CB is open" and "Enable CB" is displayed via the LEDs "Gen CB - ON"
and "Gen CB free" on the pressure-sensitive front membrane. Additional to the input signals the conditions Table
4-3: Operating conditions - must be observed.

LED
"Gen-CB ON"

LED
"Gen CB free"

Discr. input term. 5: "Enable


Isolated operation/ dead start"

Discrete input term. 6


"Enable controller"

Input signal

Operating condition

Cond.

Relay "Command:
close CB"

OFF or
automatic idle control
Idle operation or
synchronization
OFF
Idle operation or
synchronization
OFF
Idle operation or
synchronization or
dead bus start
OFF
Mains parallel operation or
shut down
Mains parallel operation
Distribution control or
Isolated operation
Distribution control or
isolated operation or
shut down

C1
C
A
A
C
A
A
C
A
B
E
F
D
F
D
E

OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
Slip or phase matching
OFF
Slip or phase matching
Synchro-Check
Slip or phase matching
dead bus start
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF

Operating mode
SPM-A

OFF
CHECK
PERMISSIVE
RUN
RUN
(extended)
-

0: "OFF" / 1: "ON" / x: Signal of no significance (0 or 1)

Table 4-1: Operating conditions - Terminal 6 = "Enable control"

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Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Table for Terminal 6 = "Enable Power Set point Value 2"


The status of the digital inputs "Reply: CB is open" and "Enable CB" is displayed via the LEDs "GCB closed"
and "Release GCB" on the pressure-sensitive front membrane. Additional to the input signals the conditions
listed in Table 4-3: Operating conditions - must be observed.

LED
"Gen-CB ON"

LED
"Gen CB free"

Discr. input term. 5: "Enable


Isolated operation/ Blackstart"

Input signal

Operating condition

Cond.

Relay "Command: close CB"

OFF or
idle operation
Idle operation or
synchronization
Idle operation or
synchronization or
dead bus start
Mains parallel operation or
shut down
Mains parallel operation
Load/var sharing or
isolated operation
Load/var sharing or
isolated operation or
shut down

C1
C
A
C
A
B
E
F
D
F
D
E

OFF
OFF
OFF
Slip or phase matching
OFF
Slip or phase matching
Black start
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF

0: "OFF" / 1: "ON" / x: Signal of no significance (0 or 1)

Table 4-2: Operating conditions - Terminal 6 = "OFF"

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Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Additional Conditions
The function of the control is also dependent, apart from the digital input signals, on the state of the available
measured voltages. The particular function must also be enabled in configuration mode:
Condition
A

Synchronization
Generator circuit breaker

Dead bus
Generator circuit breaker

C1

Automatic no-load control

No-load operation

Isolated operation

Shut down

Load/var sharing control

- Generator and synchronization voltage must comply with the following:


50 % < V < 125 % of the rated voltage VN
80 % < f < 110 % of the rated frequency fN
(after time monitoring expires, the synchronization will be aborted)
- Parameter "Dead bus GCB ON"
- Synchronization voltage must be less then 5% of the rated voltage
- Generator voltage and frequency must be within the configured limits of the dead
bus start
- Parameter "Automatic no-load control ON"
- The frequency controller complies with the following conditions:
Generator voltage > 50 % of the rated voltage VN
- The voltage controller complies with the following conditions:
Generator frequency > 90 % of the rated frequency fN
- for f control:
Generator voltage > 50 % of rated voltage VN
- for V control:
Generator frequency > 90 % of rated frequency fN
- Generator voltage > 50 % of rated voltage VN
- For voltage controller: Parameter "Voltage controller in no-load operation ON"
- For frequency controller: Parameter "Frequency controller in isolated operation
ON".
- Parameter "Shut down ON"
- for load sharing:
Parameter "Load sharing ON"
- for var sharing:
Parameter "var sharing ON"

Table 4-3: Operating conditions - status of measuring inputs and configuration

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Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Control Inputs

Release CB Terminal 6 = "Release control"


Terminal 3

A signal into this discrete input enables operation of the power circuit
breaker. For tests during commissioning, ensuring that no voltage is applied to this input will prevent the power circuit breaker from operating,
even if the control functions are enabled.
Terminal 6 = "Set point power"
A signal into this discrete input enables the operation of the breaker and
the control functions.

Reply:
CB is open
Terminal 4

Enable: Isolated operation/dead bus start


Terminal 5

Enable control
Enable Pset 2
Terminal 6

The status of the CB must be transmitted to the unit through this input. The
input must be energized if the CB is open. The status of this input is checked
for its plausibility and is signaled with the LED "Gen CB - ON".
Energizing this input when the breaker is open enables a dead bus start. Energizing this input when the breaker is closed enables the frequency and
voltage controllers for isolated operation or load sharing control.
If "terminal 6 = Release control" is energized,, the frequency and voltage
controllers are enabled by energizing this input. For tests during commissioning, ensuring that no voltage is applied to this
input will prevent the power circuit breaker from operating,
even if the control functions are enabled.
If "terminal 6 = Set point power" is energized, the second set point value
or the set point value via analog input is enabled.

Isolation of the Power Supply from the Discrete Inputs

NOTE
Please observe the notes about the maximum voltage ratings in the section Discrete Inputs on page 14!

By means of appropriate external wiring, the common reference point of the discrete inputs (terminal 7) can be
galvanically separated from the supply voltage (0 V, terminal 2) . This is necessary, for instance, if the discrete
inputs are not to be controlled with +24 Vdc and a galvanic separation of the control voltage (e. g. 220 Vdc,
220 Vac) from the supply voltage needs to be ensured.
Wiring should be made as follows:
Reference points connected with 0 V
Jumper between terminal 7 and terminal 2 (0 V)
Reference point of the discrete inputs potential-free:
Terminal 2: 0 V (supply voltage)
Terminal 7: 0 V or N (control voltage)

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Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Operating Modes

No Load Control
The generator voltage and generator frequency are adjusted to the configured set point values. The generator circuit breaker is open.

Synchronization
Synchronization with slip
The generator voltage will be corrected to the amplitude and frequency of the synchronization voltage. The close
command for the power circuit breaker will be issued, taking into account the inherent switching delay. The synchronization is carried out under the following conditions (see also tables in chapter "Function" at page 20):

The control is in the automatic mode (LED "Automatic" lights up)


The synchronization is switched on
The voltages and frequencies are within the specified range
The input "Enable CB" is energized (if terminal 6 = OFF)
The input "Enable CB" is energized to enable the close command and the input "Release control" is energized, to enable the control functions (if terminal 6 = Release control)
The input "Reply: CB is open" is energized
The synchronization time monitoring is not switched on or has not tripped

Synchronization with zero phase control


The voltage controller will correct the generator voltage to the amplitude of the synchronization voltage. The frequency controller operates in two possible stages:
Frequency correction: - As long as the difference of the frequency between generator and busbar/mains does
not fall below the configured value "df start", the generator frequency is corrected to that of the busbar/mains.
Phase angle correction: - If the frequency difference between generator and busbar/mains is less than the
value "df start", the frequency controller adjusts the phase angle of the generator to that of the busbar/mains,
in order to drive the phase difference to zero. The control of the phase angle is stopped only when the frequency difference between the generator and the busbar/mains becomes greater then the value "df start" plus
a fixed programmed hysteresis of 0.8 Hz.
The close command for the power circuit breaker is issued under the following conditions:
The configured limits for voltage and frequency are met
The phase angle between the systems is less then the maximal permissible angle for at least the configured
time
The input "Enable CB" is energized (if terminal 6 = OFF)
The input "Enable CB" is energized, to enable the close command and the input "Release control" is energized, to enable the controls (if terminal 6 = Release control)
The input "Reply CB is open" is energized
The close command is issued without consideration of the inherent switching delay. In the phase-angle-zerocontrol mode, the analog input should be selected for the frequency controller.

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Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Synch-Check
In this condition, the unit can be used as a check-synchronizer. No control is carried out. The relay "Command:
CB close" remains energized, as long as the following conditions are met:
The configured limit for the voltage difference is met
(screen "synchronization dVmax)
The configured limits for the frequency difference are met
(screen "synchronization dfmax and dfmin")
The configured limit for the phase angle is met
(screen "slip synchroniz. phasemax")
The input "Reply: CB is open" is energized
The parameter "Terminal 6" is configured to "Release control"
The terminal 6 is not energized (the control is disabled)
The input "Enable isolated operation / dead bus start" is energized
The input "Enable CB" is energized
The synchronization time monitoring is disabled.

Isolated Operation
The generator voltage and frequency are controlled according to the configurable set point values. The generator
breaker is closed. To activate the voltage controller, the parameter "volt. controller in isol. oper." must be set to
"ON". To activate the frequency controller, the parameter "freq. controller in isol. oper." must be set to "ON".
Additionally, the discrete input "Enable isolated operation / dead bus start" must be energized to enable isolated
operation.

Closing the CB Without Synchronization (Dead Bus Start)


A close command for the power circuit breaker will be output without synchronization if the following conditions are met:

The control is in the automatic mode (LED "Automatic" lights up)


The parameter "Gen. circ.break. Dead bus op." has been set to "ON"
The bus bar is not energized (VSS < 5 % VN)
The generator voltage and frequency are within the configured limits
The input "Enable isolated operation / dead bus start" is energized
The input "Enable CB" is energized
The input "Reply: CB is open" is energized

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Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Mains Parallel Operation


In mains parallel operation both circuit breakers are closed and the real power and the power factor cos phi are
controlled to the configured set point values, provided that the controllers are configured to enabled. If the parameter "terminal 6 = Release control" is set, terminal 6 must also be energized, so that the controllers operate.
Selection of the power set point value
If the generator is connected in parallel with the mains via the CB, initially a partial load is assumed.
When the partial load pre-run is completed (or deactivated) the following table is valid for the selection of the
power set point mode:
Parameter
"Terminal 6"
Release control
Set point power

Condition
"Terminal 6"

Parameter
"Power set point external"
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
x

x
1
0

active set point value

External: via 0 to 20 mA
Internal: Power controller Pset2
External: via 0 to 20 mA
Internal: Power controller Pset2
Internal: Power controller Pset1

0: "OFF" / 1: "ON" / x: Signal of no significance (0 or 1)

Table 4-4: Power set point modes


If an external signal has been selected for the parameter "Power set point external", the correct signal type
must be selected on the following configuration screen.
The power set point upper limit must be configured as the value "Power controller P max"
The power set point lower limit must be configured as the value "Power controller P min"
The power set point has a configurable ramp rate. This slope can be configured in the parameter "Power controller Ramp".
Shutdown
If the parameter "Download and open GCB" has been configured as "ON", the controller can be configured to
perform a shutdown function in the following manner:
Terminal 3 "Enable CB" is re-energized, initiating the shutdown
The power will be reduced
When the real power falls below 10 % of the generator rated power, the relay "Command: open CB" will
open

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Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Load and/or Var Sharing


The SPM-D11 is designed so that when several generators are operating in parallel (isolated operation) on a
common mains bus, the real power of the isolated system (in reference to the relevant rated load) is shared
equally among the generators.
Isolated/mains parallel operation. Each controller participating in load/var sharing influences the genset to
which it is assigned in such a manner that the preset rated frequency (main control variable) remains constant.
All units are interlinked via an analog signal against which any deviation in real power (generator power) can be
determined for each genset. This control variable (secondary variable) is taken into consideration in controlling
the frequency. The weighting, with which the secondary and the main control variable (= "reference variable")
are processed, can be set via a weighting factor (parameters "Act. load share Factor/React. load share Factor"). In
settled state, the isolated system has the set rated frequency, whereby the total real power (in reference to the
relevant rated power) is subdivided equally amongst those gensets involved.
Note The frequency and voltage regulators of the generators must be suitably configured for parallel operation
(i.e. droop operation mode)
Note Other SPM-D11 units, which are not participating in load/var sharing, must not be connected to the load
sharing signal line (terminals 29 and 30)
Prerequisite The following values and adjustments of each unit in the load/var sharing system must be identical
Load sharing of active power:
All units must have identical configured rated frequencies
All units must have the "Load sharing" function configured to "ON"
All units must have the same status signal for "Enable CB" (either all logic "1" or all logic "0")
All units must have the same status signal for "Reply: CB closed" (either all logic "1" or all logic "0")
Only one unit may have the parameter "Gen. circ.break. Dead bus op" configured as "ON"
The "Gen. circ.break. Dead bus op" parameter can be enabled for several units, provided that a control is available to override the function via the digital inputs "Enable CB" or "Enable isolated parallel operation".
Load sharing of reactive power:
All units must have identically configured rated voltage
All units must have the parameter "Reactive power Load-share" configured as "ON"
All units must have the same status signal for "Enable CB" (either all logic "1" or all logic "0")
All units must have the same status signal for "Reply: CB closed" (either all logic "1" or all logic "0")

LED "Gen CB - ON" Flashes


LED "Gen CB - ON" flashes: Incorrect signal state of the "Reply: CB is open" on terminal 4.
Possible faults:
Reply "closed" is present (= 0 V) and the generator and mains/busbar voltage not synchronized
If the LED flashes, one must check to see whether the input on terminal 4 is wired correctly. If the terminal is
wired correctly, there will be 0 V applied to the input when the power circuit breaker is closed.

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Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Control Outputs

Synchronization pulse: Energizing this relay will close the CB. The relay de-energizes after the
Command: Close CB close pulse is output. Exception: "Synch-check" operating mode.
Terminals 14/15

Readiness for operation


Terminals 18/19

Command: open CB
(for shut down)
Terminal 39/40

The relay contact is closed when the control is ready for operation. The relay will de-energize if any of the following occurs:
a) The internal self-monitoring system signals an alarm condition. In this
case a trouble-free function of the control cannot be guaranteed and
other appropriate corrective measures must be taken.
b) The synchronization time monitoring system is enabled and the configured time has expired before synchronization has occurred.
The contact for this function is a N.O. contact. In normal operations, this
contact is continuously energized. It is de-energized when the "Shut down"
function is enabled.
Prerequisites:
The parameter "Download and open GCB" is configured to ON
The circuit breaker is closed
The controller can be configured to perform a shutdown function in the following manner:
Terminal 3 "Enable CB" is re-energized, initiating the shutdown
The power will be reduced
When the real power falls below 10 % of the generator rated power,
the relay "Command: open CB" will open
This relay is reserved for shut down functions and operates independently
from the watchdogs.

Power limit
Terminal 16/17

Page 28/79

This relay serves for controlling the power to a configured limit. The relay
opens when the power limit value is exceeded for the configured time and
closes again, when the power falls below the limit value minus the configured hysteresis. Using this relay, it is possible for example to disconnect loads or activate further generators.

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Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Analog Controller Outputs

The analog PID controller forms a closed-loop control loop together with the controlled system (usually a firstorder lag element). The parameters of the PID controller (proportional-action coefficient KP, derivative-action
time TV and reset time Tn) can be modified individually.
Kpr

Tn

Tv

Influenciny
quantity

Tt

PID controller

Lag element (Tt)

Kp

T1

Controlled system (PT1)

Figure 4-1: Control loop


If an abrupt disturbance variable is applied to the control loop, the reaction of the controlled system can be recorded at the output as a function of time (step response).
x
xm
Tolerance band
xd

T rise
T sett
xm
xd
0

Trise

Tsett

Rise time
Settling time
Overshoot
System deviation

t/s

Figure 4-2: Step response (example)


Various values can be derived from the step response; these are required for adjusting the controller to its optimum setting:
Rise time Trise: Period starting when the value of the control variable leaves a predefined tolerance range for this
variable following a jump in the disturbance variable or reference input variable and ending the first time the
value re-enters this range.
Settling time Tsett: Period starting when the value of the control variable leaves the predefined tolerance range
for the control variable following a step in the disturbance variable or reference input variable and ending when
the value re-enters this range permanently.

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Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Overshoot xm: Highest transient deviation from the set point value during the transition from one steady-state
condition to a new steady-state condition, following a change in value of the disturbance variable or reference
input variable (xm Optimal 10 %).
Permanent control deviation xd: The resultant deviation between set point value and output variable in the
steady-state condition (PID controller: xd = 0).
From these values, the values KP, Tn and TV can be derived. It is possible, to determine the optimal controller settings by calculating compensation or adjustment of the time constants, T-sum rule, or symmetrical optimum.
Other setting procedures and information may be obtained from current literature.

CAUTION
The following must be observed regarding the controller setting:

Ensure that the emergency shutdown system is ready for use.

While determining the critical frequency, pay attention to the amplitude and frequency.

If the two values change in an uncontrollable manner:

EMERGENCY SHUTDOWN
Initial state: The initial state determines the start position of the controller. If the controller is switched off, the
initial state can be used to output a fixed controller position. Even when the analog controller is switched off, the
initial state can be freely adjusted (e.g. the speed controller can be controlled in a static manner).
Controller output
Initial state 000%

Initial state

0 to 100 %

Analog controller output setting with controller switched off.

General settings: The setting rule described below only serves as an example. Whether this method is suitable
for setting your particular control system is not and cannot be taken into account, as each controlled system behaves uniquely.
There are various methods of setting a controller. The setting rules of Ziegler and Nichols are explained below
(determination for abrupt disturbances on the system input); this setting method assumes a pure lag element connected in series with a first-order lag system.

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Manual 37259C

5.
6.

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Controller operated as a P-only controller


(where Tn = [screen setting: Tn =0], TV = 0).
Increase gain KP (P gain) until the control loop oscillates continuously at KP = KPcrit.

CAUTION
If the control starts to oscillate uncontrollably, perform an emergency shutdown and change the
screen setting accordingly.

7.
8.

Measuring of the cycle duration Tcrit


Set the parameters:
PID controller
KPcrit
KP = 0,6
Tn = 0,5
Tcrit
TV = 0,125 Tcrit

PI controller
KP = 0,45 KPcrit
Tn = 0,83 Tcrit

Step response
Controller setting
Optimum (xm 10 %)
x

Controller setting
Incorrect

Controller setting
Tcrit

t/s

t/s

t/s

Figure 4-3: Step response - controller set-up


---

Pr.-sensitivity
Kp = 000

Reset time
Tn = 00.0s

Reset time (Tn)

0.2 to 60.0 s

The reset time Tn represents the I-component of the PID controller. The reset time
corrects for any offset (between set point and process variable) over time until the
process variable and the set point are the same. This parameter defines how quickly
the reset attempts to correct for any offset. If Tn is configured as 0.00 s, the Icomponent of the PID loop is disabled.
---

Woodward

1 to 240

The proportional-action coefficient KP indicates the closed-loop control system


gain. By increasing the gain, the response is increased to permit larger corrections
to the variable to be controlled. The optimum setting depends on the behavior of
the system. If the gain is too low, the control action becomes slow. If the gain is
configured too high, the result is excessive overshoot/undershoot of the desired
value.
---

Derivative act.
time
Tv=0.00s

P gain (KP) Proportional-action coefficient

Derivative-action time (TV)

0.00 to 6.00 s

The derivative-action time TV represents the D-component of the PID controller.


The D-component of the controller output becomes effective with large variations
of the offset, e.g. in case of load-shedding. The lower the derivative-action time is
configured, the higher the controller reaction is. If TV is configured as 0.00 s, the
D-component of the PID loop is disabled.

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Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Chapter 5.
Display and Operating Elements
The foil of the front plate is made of coated plastic. All keys have been designed as touch-sensitive membrane
switch elements. The display is a LC-display, consisting of 2 rows each with 16 characters, which are indirectly
illuminated red. Contrast of the display is infinitely variable by a rotary potentiometer at the left side.

1
2
3
4

Synchronizing System

Bus CB
Free
Gen CB
Free
Automatic

SPM-D

15

CB close

f-

f+

V-

V+

5
Gen CB - ON

10

Bus CB - ON

11

12

13

14

Figure 5-1: Front foil

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Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Brief Explanation of the LEDs and Push Buttons

LEDs
No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

Description
Bus CB Free
Gen CB Free
Automatic
CB close
Synchroscope
ff+
VV+
Gen CB - ON
Bus CB - ON

Function
Non-functional
Enable CB
Automatic mode
Close command to the CB issued
Display of phase position
Governor output: lower frequency (reduce speed)
Governor output: raise frequency (increase speed)
Governor output: lower voltage (reduce excitation)
Governor output: raise voltage (increase excitation)
Reply: CB is closed
Non-functional

Buttons
No
12
12
13
14
14

Description
Display
Select
Digit
Clear
Cursor

Function
scroll display
Confirm selection
Increase digit
Acknowledge alarm
Shift input position one digit to the right

Others
No Description
15 LC-Display
Potentiometer

Woodward

Function
LC-Display
Adjust LCD contrast

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Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

LEDs

Bus CB Free
here: non-functional
Color: green

Gen CB Free

Enable mains circuit breaker

NOTE: This LED is non-functional, as this is a "One-power-circuit-breaker


configuration".
Enable generator circuit breaker

Color: green

The LED "Gen CB Free" indicates that the power circuit breaker has been
enabled for operation. The status of the LED corresponds to the status of the
discrete input "Enable CB".
3

Automatic

Automatic mode

Color: green

The LED "automatic" illuminates when the control is in automatic mode. It


will extinguish as soon as you switch to the configuration mode.
4

CB close

CB close

Color: green

The LED "CB close" illuminates when the control outputs a close command
to the power circuit breaker. The status of the LED corresponds to the status
of the relay "synchronizing pulse command: close CB.
5

LED-row: too fast

Phase position / synchroscope

Color: red/yellow/green

The row of LEDs indicates the current phase position between the two voltages indicated on the display. The green LED in the middle of the 15 LEDs
indicates that the measured phase angle between the voltage systems is less
than 12 electrically. The phase position is only displayed in the automatic
mode and only if the difference between the frequency values is smaller
than 2 Hz and both voltages are within the specified permissible ranges.
These ranges are defined as follows:
Frequency ranges
Voltage ranges

Generator and mains


Generator and mains

80-110 % fN
50-125 % VN

There are two different directions of rotation:


left right ..If the LED's run from left to right, the generator frequency is
too high, i. e., the generator or the variable bus frequency is
too fast.
right left ..If the LED's run from right to left, the generator frequency is
too low, i. e., the generator or the variable bus frequency is
too slow.

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Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

f-

Governor output decrease frequency

Color: yellow

Three position controller

Analog controller

f+

The LED "f-" indicates if the control outputs a pulse to decrease the frequency. The status of the LED corresponds to the status of the relay "speed
lower".
If the actuator output signal of the controller is changing to reduce the frequency, the LED illuminates.
Governor output increase frequency

Color: yellow

Three position controller

The LED "f+" indicates if the control outputs a pulse to increase the frequency. The status of the LED corresponds to the status of the relay "speed
raise"."

Analog controller r

If the actuator output signal of the controller is changing to increase the frequency, the LED illuminates.

V-

Governor output reduce voltage

Color: yellow

Three-position controller

Analog controller

V+

The LED "V-" indicates if the control outputs a pulse to decrease voltage.
The status of the LED corresponds to the status of the relay "voltage lower".
If the actuator output signal of the controller is changing to reduce the voltage, the LED illuminates.
Governor output increase voltage

Color: yellow

Three-position controller

Analog controller r

10

Gen CB - ON

The LED "V+" indicates if the control outputs a pulse to increase


voltage. The status of the LED corresponds to the status of the relay
"voltage raise".
If the actuator signal of the controller is changing to increase the
voltage, the LED illuminates.
Power circuit breaker ON

Color: green

The LED "Gen CB - ON" signals the response of the generator circuit breaker. The LED illuminates if the discrete input "Reply: CB is
open" is not energized and will extinguish as soon as the discrete input is energized. (see also chapter "LED "Gen CB - ON" Flashes" on
page 27).
11

Bus CB ON
here: non-functional
Color: green

Woodward

Mains power circuit breaker ON

NOTE: This LED is non-functional, as this is a "One-power-circuitbreaker configuration".

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Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Push Buttons

In order to facilitate the setting of the parameters the buttons are equipped with an "AUTOSCROLL" function
while the controller is in the configuration mode. It permits the user to rapidly advance to the next setting and
configuration screens, the digits, or the cursor position. The "AUTOSCROLL" function will only be enabled
when the user presses and holds the corresponding buttons.
12

Display / Select

Display / Select

Automatic mode: Display - By pressing this button, one advances


through the display of operating and alarm messages.
Configuration: Select - By pressing the button the user advances to
the next configuration screen. If the value originally
displayed has been changed via the "Digit" or "Cursor" push-buttons the newly set value is saved by
pressing the "Select" push-button once. By pressing
this push-button again, the user causes the system to
advance to the next configuration screen.
13

Digit

Digit

Automatic mode: Digit - non-functional


Configuration: Digit - With this push-button, the number at which
the cursor is currently located is increased by one digit.
The increase is restricted by the permissible limits (see
list of parameters included in the appendix). If the
highest permissible number has been reached, the
number automatically returns to the lowest permissible
number.
14

Clear / Cursor

Clear..Cursor

Automatic mode: Clear - By pressing this button, all alarm messages are deleted, provided that they are no longer detected.
Configuration: Cursor - This push-button is used to move the cursor one position to the right. When the cursor reaches
the extreme right position it may be returned to the extreme left position by pressing the Cursor button
again.

Page 36/79

Woodward

Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

LC Display

LC-Display

15

LC-Display

Performance values can be monitored from the two-line display, provided that the control is in automatic mode. In configuration mode,
the individual parameters are displayed.

Display Monitoring in Automatic Mode: Double Voltage / Frequency Display


LCD type 1 (V configured)
B: 000 V 00.00Hz
G: 000 V 00.00Hz
LCD type 2 (kV configured)
B:00,0kV 00.00Hz
G:00,0kV 00.00Hz
LCD type 1 (V configured)
Gen

000V
000A

i0.95
000kW

LCD type 2 (V configured)


Gen 00,0kV i0.95
000A 000MW

Double voltage and double frequency displays, Generator values

The generator and synchronization voltage and -frequency are displayed. The phase
angle between the generator and synchronization voltage is displayed by the synchroscope (LED strip).
B........Synchronization voltage and frequency
G .......Generator voltage and frequency
Generator values

Generator values are monitored:


G .......Generator values
upper line:
- Line voltage L1-L2
- phase angle
bottom line:
- current L1
- Real power

Display Monitoring in Automatic Mode: Alarm Indication


---------------xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Alarm indication, bottom line

The indications are displayed according to the following list:


Type of alarm
Synchronization time is exceeded
Wire break 0/4-20mA input for set point value
Generator underfrequency
Generator overfrequency
Generator undervoltage
Generator overvoltage
Generator overload
Generator reverse-/-reduced load

Woodward

Displayed text
Synchr. time
Wirebreak Pset.
Gen. underfrequency.
Gen. overfrequency.
Gen.undervoltage.
Gen.overvoltage.
Gen.overload.
Reverse/reduced load.

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Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Chapter 6.
Configuration

CAUTION
Please note that configuration should not be carried out while the control unit is in operation.

NOTE
A list of parameters may be found in Appendix B in this manual.

The configuration mode will be enabled through the front face panel by simultaneously pressing the "Digit" and
"Cursor" buttons. The user may advance through the configuration screens by pressing the "Select" button.
Pressing and holding the "Select" button will enable the "AUTOSCROLL" function, permitting the user to rapidly advance through the configuration screens. Note that it is possible to back up to previous configuration
screens, but the user may only move back up to four (4) screens and cannot back up from the first configuration
screen to the last configuration screen. If the controller is left idle for 10 minutes, the controller automatically returns to the automatic mode.

Basic Data

SPRACHE/LANGUAGE
----------------

Software version
x.xxxx

Page 38/79

Language selection

English / German

The desired language for the controller to operate in is set by this parameter. The
screens (configuration and display screens) can be displayed either in German or
English.
Software version

Indicates the software version currently installed.

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Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Password Protection
The control is equipped with a three-level code and configuration hierarchy, which enables it to project various
configuration screens for different categories of users. A distinction is made between:
Code level 0 (CL0) - User: Third party
The user assigned this code level may view the monitored values but is prohibited from accessing any parameters. All configuration operations are blocked.
Code level 1 (CL1) - User: Operator
This code level entitles the user to change selected parameters. Changing a password is not permitted at this
level. This password expires two hours after entering the password and the user is returned to the CL0 level.
Code level 2 (CL2) - User: Commissioning personnel
Allows direct access to all parameters (displaying and changing). In addition, the user may also set the password for levels CL1 and CL2. This password expires two hours after entering the password and the user is returned to the CL0 level.
Enter code number

Enter code
XXXX

0-9999

Upon enabling the configuration mode, the user is required to enter an access code
number, which identifies the various users. The displayed number XXXX is a randomly generated number (RN). If the random number is confirmed by pressing the
"Select" button without being changed, the current level of access is maintained.
Upon entering either a level 1 or level 2 access code the corresponding level of access is granted. If an incorrect access code is entered the control unit changes to
code level 0 and all access is blocked until a code level 1 or 2 access code is entered.

NOTE
Two hours after entering a code level 1/2 access number, the code level automatically returns to CL0!
The default code number for code level 1 (CL1) is "0001"!
The default code number for code level 2 (CL2) is "0002"!
The password protection can only be disabled in code level 2!

Password
Protection

Woodward

Password protection
ON

ON/OFF

ON................ Access to configuration is achieved by entering the correct code


number (code level 1/2). If a wrong code number is entered, the configuration will be blocked.
OFF.............. The user has direct access to all parameters, the code number is not
requested.

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Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Direct Configuration
NOTE
To carry out direct configuration, you require a direct configuration cable (Part #5417-557), the LeoPC 1
program (supplied with the cable), and the corresponding configuration files. Please consult the online
help installed when the program is installed for a description of the LeoPC 1 PC program and its setup.

Direct configuration permits the user to display the controls parameters at any time. If the password protection is
disabled or the control has had the code level 2 access code entered, the user may change all of the parameters
via direct configuration. If the password protection has been enabled or the control has access code levels 0 or 1
entered, the access code for code level 2 must be entered via direct configuration, to modify any of the parameters. The ability to modify parameters through the display is not affected.

Direct para.
YES

Page 40/79

Configuration via the programming jack

YES/NO

YES ..............Configuration via the DPC cable is possible. The following additional conditions must be met:
- A connection between the control and the PC via the direct
configuration cable must be available
- the baud rate of the LeoPC program must be 9.600 Baud
- the corresponding configuration file (filename: "*.cfg" and
"*.asm") must be installed properly in the LeoPC1 program being
used.
NO ................Configuration via programming plug cannot be carried out.

Woodward

Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Basic Settings

WARNING
Incorrect entries may lead to wrong measuring values and result in damage to the generator!

PTs (Voltage Transformers)


Rated Frequency
fn = 00.0Hz

Generator freq.
Set
point=
00.0Hz

Gen. voltage
secondary 000V

Mains voltage
secondary 000V

Gen. voltage
primary 00.000kV

Mains voltage
primary 00.000kV

Rated voltage
Vn = 000V

Gen. voltage
Set
point
000V

Woodward

Rated generator frequency

48.0 to 62.0 Hz

Enter the rated frequency of the generator (or the utility mains) which in most cases
is 50 Hz or 60 Hz.
Generator set point frequency

48.0 to 62.0 Hz

The set point frequency of the generator is to be entered in this screen. It will be
needed for the frequency controller while in no-load operation.
Secondary generator voltage (potential transformer)

1] 50 to 125 V, [4] 50 to 440 V

The secondary generator voltage (busbar voltage) is set here in V. This information
serves to show the primary voltage in the display. For voltages of 400 V measured
without a potential transformer, 400 V must be entered here.
Secondary mains voltage (potential transformer)

1] 50 to 125 V, [4] 50 to 440 V

Secondary mains voltage (busbar voltage) is set here in V. This entry serves to indicate the primary voltages in the display. In the case of measured voltages of
400 V without a potential transformer, 400 V must be entered here.
Primary generator voltage (potential transformer)

0.1 to 65.0 kV

The primary generator voltage is set here in kV. This entry serves to show the primary voltage in the display. For voltages of 400 V measured without a potential
transformer, 0.40 kV must be entered here.
Primary mains voltage (potential transformer)

0.1 to 65.0 kV

The primary mains voltage (busbar voltage) is set her in kV. The entry is serves to
show the primary voltages on the display. In the case of measured voltages of
400 V without a potential transformer 0.40 kV must be set here.
Rated voltage

[1] 50 to 125 V, [4] 70 to 420 V

This value is used, among other things, to determine the permissible range for the
synchronization.
Generator set point voltage

[1] 50 to 125 V, [4] 50 to 440 V

This value of the voltage specifies the set point of the generator voltage for no-load
and isolated operation.

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Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

CTs (Current Transformer)


Current transf.
Generator 0000/x

Generator current transformer

10 to 9.990/x A

For the indication and control of the generator current, it is necessary to enter the
current transducer ratio. The ratio must be selected in a manner to ensure that at
maximum power, at least 60 % of the transformer rated current is flowing. Lower
percentage values may lead to malfunctions. Moreover, additional inaccuracies occur in the control and monitoring functions.
{X} / 1 A .......Secondary rated current = 1 A at primary rated current = {X} A;
{X} / 5 A .......Secondary rated current = 5 A at primary rated current = {X} A;

NOTE
Starting with software version 6.3640 it is possible to perform power measurement for single-phase or
three-phase generators with the SPM-D11. The necessary settings have to be made in the following two
screens.
Connection type
Gen.
1W2
from version 6.3640

Angle adjustment
Gen. Curr.
000
from version 6.3640

Connection type generator

1W / 1W2

1W ................Power measurement in single-phase system


1W2 ..............Power measurement in three-phase system
Angle adjustement generator current

-180 to 180

The angle adjustment allows the use of current transformers, which are installed in
a different current path than L1, for measurement. The angle adjustment serves to
adjust the shift between current and voltage.

Single-phase System
The voltage VL1N is shifted by 30 compared with VL1L2. This difference must be corrected for power measurement. Additionally, the phase of the current measurement must be taken in consideration.
Current transformer in phase
L1
L2
L3

Connection type generator


1W
1W
1W

Angle adjustment
-030
090
-150

Three-phase System with Symmetrical Load


For three-phase systems, the angle must be corrected only if the current is measured in L2 or L3, or if a counter
clockwise rotating field is present. If the load is not symmetrical, the current must be measured in L1.
Current transformer in
phase
L1
L2
L3

Rated power
Gen. = 0000kW

Page 42/79

Connection type generator


1W2
1W2
1W2

Generator rated power

Angle adjustment for


rotating field right
000
120
-120

Angle adjustment for


rotating field left
-060
060
-180

[1] 100 to 9,999 kW; [4] 5 to 9,999 kW

Value of the generator rated power.

Woodward

Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Controller

Entering the values in the subsequent screens will change the parameters of the controller.

CAUTION
Incorrect entries may lead to wrong measuring values and result in damage to the generator!

Idle Control
Automatic idle
Running
ON

Terminal 6
----------------

Automatic no-load control

ON/OFF

ON................ With the generator power circuit breaker open, frequency and voltage are controlled to the adjusted set point values in spite of the controller not being enabled (see also chapter "Function" on page 20).
OFF.............. No-load control is carried out only with controller enabled (see also
chapter "Function" on page 20).
Function of terminal 6

Release control / Set point power

Release control The controller is enabled via the discrete input on terminal 6. The
power circuit breaker is enabled separately via terminal 3 (Enable
CB). Changing the set point value is not possible.
Set point power: The power set point value is changed by energizing terminal 6.
Enabling of the controller occurs along with enabling of the power
circuit breaker via terminal 3 (Enable CB).

Frequency Controller
The SPM-D11/LSR is equipped with a three-position controller for frequency and does not contain the following
screens. Only the screens for setting the three-position controller are available. With the extended version SPMD 11/LSXR, several controller output signals can be selected via the screens, which are listed by the controller
model.
f control type
-------SPM-D11/LSXR only

Frequency controller type

THREE-STEP/ANALOG/PWM

THREE-STEP The frequency controller operates as three-step controller and issues raise (f+) and lower (f-) pulses via the configured relays. Only
one of the two controllers (the frequency or the voltage controller)
can be used for relay output at a time.
ANALOG .... The frequency controller operates as a continuous controller with an
analog output signal (mA or V).
PWM ........... The frequency controller operates as a continuous controller with a
pulse-width-modulated output signal and constant level.
Note: The controller setting and the following screens differ, depending on which
type of controller is selected here.

Woodward

Page 43/79

Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Three-Step Controller (SPM-D11/LSR and SPM-D11/LSXR, Setting 'THREE-STEP')


Freq. controller
ON
for SPM-D11/LSR and
SPM-D11/LSXR 'THREE-STEP'

Freq. controller
Isol. oper. ON
for SPM-D11/LSR and
SPM-D11/LSXR 'THREE-STEP'

Freq. Controller
Ramp =.00.0Hz/s
for SPM-D11/LSR and
SPM-D11/LSXR 'THREE-STEP'

Freq. controller
Dead band=0.00Hz
for SPM-D11/LSR and
SPM-D11/LSXR 'THREE-STEP'

Freq. controller
Time pulse>000ms
for SPM-D11/LSR and
SPM-D11/LSXR 'THREE-STEP'

Freq. controller
Gain Kp
00.0
for SPM-D11/LSR and
SPM-D11/LSXR 'THREE-STEP'

Page 44/79

Frequency controller

ON/OFF

ON ................The generator frequency is controlled. The control is executed in


various manners depending on the task (no load / isolated operation /
synchronization). The following screens of this function are displayed.
OFF ..............Control is not carried out, and the following screens of this function
are not displayed.
Isolated operation frequency controller

ON/OFF

The setting of this screen has no influence on the load sharing control.
ON ................In isolated operation the frequency controller is enabled.
OFF ..............In isolated operation the frequency controller is disabled.
Frequency controller set point ramp

0.1 to 99.9 Hz/s

A change in set point is supplied to the controller via a ramp. The slope of the ramp
is used to alter the rate at which the controller changes the set point value. The
more rapidly the change in the set point is to be carried out, the greater the value
must be which is entered here.
Frequency controller insensitivity

0.02 to 1.00 Hz

No load/Isolated operation: The measured generator frequency is controlled so


that it does not deviate from the configured frequency by more than
the value configured in this dead band setting while operating in a
steady state.
Synchronization: The measured generator frequency is controlled so that the differential frequency does not exceed this dead band setting while operating in a steady state. The mains or busbar frequency is used as
the set point value.
Minimum ON period frequency controller

10 to 250 ms

The minimum ON period of the relay should be selected in such a manner that the
downstream control element responds reliably to the pulse length set here. The
smallest possible time must be set in order to ensure optimum control behavior.
Frequency controller gain

0.1 to 99.9

The gain factor Kp influences the ON time of the relays. By increasing the gain, the
response is increased to permit larger corrections to the variable to be controlled resulting in longer ON time periods. The optimum setting depends on the behavior of
the system. If the gain is too low, the control action becomes slow. If the gain is
configured too high, the result is excessive overshoot/undershoot of the desired
value.

Woodward

Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Analog Controller Outputs (SPM-D11/LSXR, Settings 'ANALOG' and 'PWM')


f control output
xxxxxxx
SPM-D11/LSXR 'ANALOG'

Controller output signal

This configuration screen only appears if the frequency controller is configured as


ANALOG type! The range of the analog output signal is adjusted here. To choose
between a current signal in mA or a voltage signal in V, the appropriate jumpers
must be connected to the output terminals. (see chapter "Controller Outputs" on
page 17). The following output signals are possible:
Type

Current

Voltage

f control output
Level PWM 00.0V
SPM-D11/LSXR 'PWM'

PWM-signal
Logic
-------SPM-D11/LSXR 'PWM'

see table

Setting in above configuration screen


+/-20mA (+/-10V)
+/-10mA (+/-5V)
0 to 10mA (0-5V)
0 to 20mA (0-10V)
4 to 20mA
10 to 0mA (5 to 0V)
20 to 0mA (10 to 0V)
20 to 4mA
+/-20mA (+/-10V)
+/-10mA (+/-5V)
+/-3V
+/-2.5V
+/-1V
0 to 10mA (0- to 5V)
0.5V to 4.5V
0 to 20mA (0 to 10V)
10 to 0mA (5 to 0V)
4.5V to 0.5V
20 to 0mA (10 to 0V)

PWM signal level

Jumper
between
terminal 8/9
no

yes

Adjustment Adjustment Adjustment


range
range
range
max.
min.
+/-20mA
-20 mA
+20 mA
+/-10mA
-10 mA
+20 mA
0 to 10mA
0 mA
10 mA
0 to 20mA
0 mA
20 mA
4 to 20mA
4 mA
20 mA
10 to 0mA
10 mA
0 mA
20 to 0mA
20 mA
0 mA
20 to 4mA
20 mA
4 mA
+/-10V
-10 Vdc
+10 Vdc
+/-5V
-5 Vdc
+5 Vdc
+/-3V
-3 Vdc
+3 Vdc
+/-2,5V
-2,5Vdc
+2,5 Vdc
+/-1V
-1 Vdc
+1 Vdc
0 to 5V
0 Vdc
5 Vdc
0,5 to 4,5V
0,5 Vdc
4,5 Vdc
0 to 10V
0 Vdc
10 Vdc
5 to 0V
5 Vdc
0 Vdc
4,5 to 0,5V
4,5 Vdc
0,5 Vdc
10 to 0V
10 Vdc
0 Vdc
3.0 to 10.0 V

This configuration screen only appears if the frequency controller is configured as


PWM type! The voltage level of the PWM signal is adjusted here.
PWM signal logic

positive / negative

This configuration screen only appears if the frequency controller is configured as


PWM type!
positive ........ If the controller output signal is at 100 %, the adjusted PWM level is
output continuously, at 0 % output signal the output the PWM level
is 0 V.
negative ....... If the controller output signal is at 100 %, 0 V is output continuously,
0 % output signal corresponds to the adjusted PWM level.

f control output
Init.state 000%
SPM-D11/LSXR
'ANALOG'& 'PWM'

Woodward

Initial frequency controller state

0 to 100%

This parameter is the start point for the output signal when the frequency controller
parameter is configured as OFF. The percentage value relates to the range between
the minimum and maximum values that control unit can output (see below).

Page 45/79

Manual 37259C

Freq. controller
ON
SPM-D11/LSXR
'ANALOG'& 'PWM'

Freq. controller
Isol. oper.
ON
SPM-D11/LSXR
'ANALOG'& 'PWM'

Freq. controller
Ramp
00.0Hz/s
SPM-D11/LSXR
'ANALOG'& 'PWM'

f control output
(max.)
000%

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Frequency controller

ON/OFF

ON ................The generator frequency is controlled. The generator frequency is


controlled in various manners depending on the task (no load / isolated operation / synchronization). The following screens of this
function are displayed.
OFF ..............Control is not carried out and the following screens of this function
are not displayed.
Frequency controller isolated operation

ON/OFF

The setting of this screen has no influence on the load share control.
ON ................In isolated operation the frequency controller is enabled.
OFF ..............In isolated operation the frequency controller is disabled.
Frequency controller set point ramp

0.1 to 99.9 Hz/s

A change in set point is supplied to the controller via a ramp. The slope of the ramp
is used to alter the rate at which the controller follows the set point value. The more
rapidly the set point should change, the greater this setting should be.
Maximum value frequency controller

0 to 100%

Upper limit of the analog controller output.

SPM-D11/LSXR
'ANALOG'& 'PWM'

f control output
(min.)
000%

Minimum value frequency controller

0 to 100%

Lower limit of the analog controller output.

SPM-D11/LSXR
'ANALOG'& 'PWM'

Freq. controller
Gain Kp
000
SPM-D11/LSXR
'ANALOG'& 'PWM'

Freq. controller
Reset Tn
00.0s
SPM-D11/LSXR
'ANALOG'& 'PWM'

Freq. controller
Derivat.Tv 0.00s
SPM-D11/LSXR
'ANALOG'& 'PWM'

Page 46/79

P gain of the frequency controller

1 to 240

The proportional-action coefficient KP indicates the closed-loop control system


gain. By increasing the gain, the response is increased to permit larger corrections
to the variable to be controlled. The optimum setting depends on the behavior of
the system. If the gain is too low, the control action becomes slow. If the gain is
configured too high, the result is excessive overshoot/undershoot of the desired
value. Refer to "Analog Controller Outputs" on page 29.
Reset time frequency controller

0.0 to 60.0 s

The reset time Tn represents the I-component of the PID controller. The reset time
corrects for any offset (between set point and process variable) over time until the
process variable and the set point are the same. This parameter defines how quickly
the reset attempts to correct for any offset. If Tn is configured as 0.00 s, the Icomponent of the PID loop is disabled. Refer to "Analog Controller Outputs" on
page 29.
Derivative-action time frequency controller

0.00 to 6.00 s

The derivative-action time TV represents the D-component of the PID controller.


The D-component of the controller output becomes effective with large variations
of the offset, e.g. in case of load-shedding. The lower the derivative-action time is
configured, the higher the controller reaction is. If TV is configured as 0.00 s, the
D-component of the PID loop is disabled. Refer to "Analog Controller Outputs" on
page 29.

Woodward

Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Voltage Controller
The SPM-D11/LSR is provided with a three-step controller for voltages and does not contain the following
screen. Moreover, only the screens for setting the three-step controller exist. Several controller output signals can
be selected using the following screen with the SPM-D11/LSRX. Depending on the selected controller type, the
following screens belonging to it appear.
V contr. type
xxxxxxx
only SPM-D11/LSRX

Voltage controller type

THREE-STEP/ANALOG

THREE-STEP: The voltage controller operates as three-step controller and issues


raise (V+) and lower (V-) pulses via the respective relays. Only one
of the two controllers (the frequency or the voltage controller) can be
used for relay output at a time.
ANALOG .... The voltage controller operates as continuous controller with an analog output signal (mA or V).
Note: The controller setting and the following screens are different, depending on
the controller type selected here.

Three-Position Controller (SPM-D11/LSR and SPM-D11/LSXR, Setting 'THREE-STEP')


Volt. controller
ON
only SPM-D11/LSR and
SPM-D11/LSXR 'THREE-STEP'

Volt. controller
Isol. oper. ON
only SPM-D11/LSR and
SPM-D11/LSXR 'THREE-STEP'

Volt. controller
Ramp
= 00V/s
only SPM-D11/LSR and
SPM-D11/LSXR 'THREE-STEP'

Woodward

Voltage controller

ON/OFF

ON................ Generator voltage control is carried out. The generator voltage is


controlled in various manners depending on the task (no load / isolated operation / synchronization). The following screens of this
function are displayed.
OFF.............. Control is not carried out, and the following screens of this function
are not displayed.
Voltage controller isolated mode

ON/OFF

The setting of this screen has no influence on the load share control.
ON................ In isolated operation the voltage controller is enabled.
OFF.............. In isolated operation the voltage controller is disabled.
Voltage controller set point ramp

1 to 99 V/s

A change in set point is supplied to the controller via a ramp. The slope of the ramp
is used to alter the rate at which the controller follows the set point value. The more
rapidly the set point should change, the greater should be the value set here.

Page 47/79

Manual 37259C

Volt. controller
Dead band= 00,0V
only SPM-D11/LSR and
SPM-D11/LSXR 'THREE-STEP'

Volt. controller
Time pulse>000ms
only SPM-D11/LSR and
SPM-D11/LSXR 'THREE-STEP'

Volt. controller
Gain Kp
00.0
only SPM-D11/LSR and
SPM-D11/LSXR 'THREE-STEP'

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Voltage controller insensitivity

[1] 0.1 to 15.V, [4] 0.5 to 60.0 V

No load/Isolated operation: The measured generator voltage is controlled so that


it does not deviate from the configured voltage by more than the
value configured in this dead band setting while operating in a steady
state.
Synchronization: The measured generator voltage is controlled so that the differential voltage does not exceed this dead band setting while operating
in a steady state. The mains or busbar voltage is used as the set point
value.
Minimum voltage controller ON period

20 to 250 ms

The minimum ON period of the relay should be selected in such a manner that the
downstream control element responds reliably to the pulse length that has been set
here. The smallest possible time must be set in order to ensure optimum control behavior.
Voltage controller gain factor

0.1 to 99.9

The gain factor Kp influences the ON time of the relays. The gain factor Kp influences the ON time of the relays. By increasing the gain, the response is increased to
permit larger corrections to the variable to be controlled resulting in longer ON
time periods. The optimum setting depends on the behavior of the system. If the
gain is too low, the control action becomes slow. If the gain is configured too high,
the result is excessive overshoot/undershoot of the desired value.

Analog Controller Outputs (SPM-D11/LSXR, Setting 'ANALOG')


V control output
------SPM-D11/LSXR
'ANALOG'

Controller output signal

The range of the analog output signal is adjusted here. To choose between a current
signal in mA or a voltage signal in V, the appropriate jumpers must be connected to
the output terminals. (see chapter Relay Outputs on page 16).
The following output signals are possible:
Type

Current

Voltage

Page 48/79

see table

Setting in above configuration screen


+/-20mA (+/-10V)
+/-10mA (+/-5V)
0 to 10mA (0 to 5V)
0 to 20mA (0 to 10V)
4 to 20mA
10 to 0mA (5 to 0V)
20 to 0mA (10 to 0V)
20 to 4mA
+/-20mA (+/-10V)
+/-10mA (+/-5V)
+/-3V
+/-2.5V
+/-1V
0 to 10mA (0 to 5V)
0.5V to 4.5V
0 to 20mA (0 to 10V)
10 to 0mA (5 to 0V)
4.5V to -0.5V
20 to 0mA (10 to 0V)

Jumper
between
terminal 8/9
no

yes

Adjustment Adjustment Adjustment


range
range
range
max.
min.
+/-20mA
-20 mA
+20 mA
+/-10mA
-10 mA
+10 mA
0 to 10mA
0 mA
10 mA
0 to 20mA
0 mA
20 mA
4 to 20mA
4 mA
20 mA
10 to 0mA
10 mA
0 mA
20 to -0mA
20 mA
0 mA
20 to 4mA
20 mA
4 mA
+/-10V
-10 Vdc
+10 Vdc
+/-5V
-5 Vdc
+5 Vdc
+/-3V
-3 Vdc
+3 Vdc
+/-2,5V
-2,5Vdc
+2,5 Vdc
+/-1V
-1 Vdc
+1 Vdc
0-5V
0 Vdc
5 Vdc
0,5 to 4,5V
0,5 Vdc
4,5 Vdc
0 to 10V
0 Vdc
10 Vdc
5 to 0V
5 Vdc
0 Vdc
4,5 to 0,5V
4,5 Vdc
0,5 Vdc
10 to 0V
10 Vdc
0 Vdc

Woodward

Manual 37259C

V control output
Init.state 000%
SPM-D11/LSXR
'ANALOG'

Volt. controller
ON
SPM-D11/LSXR
'ANALOG'

Volt. controller
Isol. oper. ON
SPM-D11/LSXR
'ANALOG'

Volt. Controller
Ramp
= 00V/s
SPM-D11/LSXR
'ANALOG'

V control output
(max.)
000%

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Voltage controller - initial state

0 to 100%

This parameter is the start point for the output signal when the frequency controller
parameter is configured as OFF. The percentage value relates to the range between
the minimum and maximum values that control unit can output (see below).
Voltage controller

ON/OFF

ON................ Generator voltage control is carried out. The generator voltage is


controlled in various manners depending on the task (no load / isolated operation / synchronization). The following screens of this
function are displayed.
OFF.............. Control is not carried out, and the following screens of this function
are not displayed.
Voltage controller isolated mode

ON/OFF

The setting of this screen has no influence on the load share control.
ON................ In isolated operation the voltage controller is enabled.
OFF.............. In isolated operation the voltage controller is disabled.
Voltage controller set point ramp

1 to 99 V/s

A change in set point is supplied to the controller via a ramp. The slope of the ramp
is used to alter the rate at which the controller follows the set point value. The more
rapidly the set point should change, the greater should be the value set here.
Voltage controller maximum output

0 to 100 %

Upper limit of the analog controller output.

SPM-D11/LSXR
'ANALOG'

V control output
(min.)
000%

Voltage controller minimum output

0 to 100 %

Lower limit of the analog controller output.

SPM-D11/LSXR
'ANALOG'

Volt. controller
Gain Kp
000
SPM-D11/LSXR
'ANALOG'

Volt. controller
Reset Tn
00.0s
SPM-D11/LSXR
'ANALOG'

Woodward

Voltage controller P-gain

1 to 240

The proportional-action coefficient KP indicates the closed-loop control system


gain. By increasing the gain, the response is increased to permit larger corrections
to the variable to be controlled. The optimum setting depends on the behavior of
the system. If the gain is too low, the control action becomes slow. If the gain is
configured too high, the result is excessive overshoot/undershoot of the desired
value. Refer to "Analog Controller Outputs" on page 29.
Voltage controller reset time

0.0 to 60.0 s

The reset time Tn represents the I-component of the PID controller. The reset time
corrects for any offset (between set point and process variable) over time until the
process variable and the set point are the same. This parameter defines how quickly
the reset attempts to correct for any offset. If Tn is configured as 0.00 s, the Icomponent of the PID loop is disabled. Refer to "Analog Controller Outputs" on
page 29.

Page 49/79

Manual 37259C

Volt. controller
Derivat.Tv=0.00s
SPM-D11/LSXR
'ANALOG'

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Voltage controller - derivative-action time

0.00 to 6.00 s

The derivative-action time TV represents the D-component of the PID controller.


The D-component of the controller output becomes effective with large variations
of the offset, e.g. in case of load-shedding. The lower the derivative-action time is
configured, the higher the controller reaction is. If TV is configured as 0.00 s, the
D-component of the PID loop is disabled. Refer to "Analog Controller Outputs" on
page 29.

Power Factor Control


Pow.fact.control
ON

Pow.fact.control
Set point = 0.00

Pow.fact.control
Ramp
0.00/s

Page 50/79

Power factor controller

ON/OFF

ON ................A load-independent control of the power factor is carried out during mains/parallel operation. The power factor cannot be measured
accurately and the controller is automatically locked to prevent instability when small currents (less than 5 % of the CT secondary rated
current) are detected. The following screen masks of this option will
be displayed.
OFF ..............The frequency is not controlled, and the following screens of this option will not be displayed.
Power factor controller set point

i0.70 to 1.00 to k0.70

While operating in a mains/parallel operation, the reactive load is controlled so that


this preset power factor is maintained when the generator is in a steady state. The
letters "i" stands for "inductive = lagging" (overexcited generator) and "c" for "capacitive = leading" (underexcited generator) reactive load. This parameter is only
enabled when operating in mains/parallel.
Set point ramp of the power factor controller

0.01 to 0.30 /s

The set point ramp determines how fast the power factor set point approaches its
target value. The slope of the ramp is linear.

Woodward

Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

NOTE
Refer to the parameter settings for the voltage controller starting on page 47. The parameter settings
performed for the voltage controller may be applied to the power factor controller as well.

Three-Position Controller (SPM-D11/LSR and SPM-D11/LSXR, Setting 'THREE-STEP')


Pow.fact.control
Dead band 00.0%
only SPM-D11/LSR
and SPM-D11/LSXR
'THREE-STEP'

Pow.fact.control
Gain Kp=00.0
only SPM-D11/LSR
and SPM-D11/LSXR
'THREE-STEP'

Power factor controller insensitivity

0.5 to 25.0 %

The control automatically calculates the amount of reactive load which corresponds
to the power factor set point. In mains/parallel operation, the reactive load is controlled
so that it does not deviate from the configured power factor set point by more than
the value configured in this dead band (%) setting while operating in a steady state.
The percentage value refers to the generator nominal power.
Power factor controller gain

0.1 to 99.9

The gain factor Kp influences the ON time of the relays. By increasing the gain, the
response is increased to permit larger corrections to the variable to be controlled resulting in longer ON time periods. The optimum setting depends on the behavior of
the system. If the gain is too low, the control action becomes slow. If the gain is
configured too high, the result is excessive overshoot/undershoot of the desired
value.

Analog Controller (SPM-D11/LSXR, Setting 'ANALOG')


Pow.fact.control
Gain Kp
000
SPM-D11/LSXR
'ANALOG'

Pow.fact.control
Reset Tn
00.0s
SPM-D11/LSXR
'ANALOG'

Pow.fact.control
Derivat.Tv 0.00s
SPM-D11/LSXR
'ANALOG'

Woodward

Power factor controller gain

1 to 240

The proportional-action coefficient KP indicates the closed-loop control system


gain. By increasing the gain, the response is increased to permit larger corrections
to the variable to be controlled. The optimum setting depends on the behavior of
the system. If the gain is too low, the control action becomes slow. If the gain is
configured too high, the result is excessive overshoot/undershoot of the desired
value. Refer to "Analog Controller Outputs" on page 29.
Power factor controller reset time

0.0 to 60.0 s

The reset time Tn represents the I-component of the PID controller. The reset time
corrects for any offset (between set point and process variable) over time until the
process variable and the set point are the same. This parameter defines how quickly
the reset attempts to correct for any offset. If Tn is configured as 0.00 s, the Icomponent of the PID loop is disabled. Refer to "Analog Controller Outputs" on
page 29.
Power factor controller derivative action time

0.00 to 6.00 s

The derivative-action time TV represents the D-component of the PID controller.


The D-component of the controller output becomes effective with large variations
of the offset, e.g. in case of load-shedding. The lower the derivative-action time is
configured, the higher the controller reaction is. If TV is configured as 0.00 s, the
D-component of the PID loop is disabled. Refer to "Analog Controller Outputs" on
page 29.

Page 51/79

Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Real Power Controller


Power controller
ON

Real power controller

ON/OFF

ON ................During mains/parallel operation the real power is controlled to the


pre-selected set point value. The following screens of this option are
displayed.
OFF ..............The power is not controlled, and the following screens of this option
not displayed.

Power Limitation
Power controller
P max.=
000 %

Power controller
P min.=
000 %

Maximum power limitation (maximum demand)

10 to 120 %

If limiting control of the generator maximum real power is required, a value in percent referring to the generator rated power is set in this screen. The value "Pmax"
limits only the set value of the real power controller and has no function in isolated
operation.
Minimum power limitation (minimum power)

0 to 50 %

If limiting control of the generator minimum real power is required, a value in percent referring to the generator rated power is set in this screen. The value "Pmin"
limits only the set value of the real power controller and has no function in isolated
operation.

Part Load Lead


Warm up load
Set point = 000
%

Warm up load
time
000s

Limit value partial load

5 to 110 %

If the engine requires a warming-up period a lower fixed power set point value can
be specified. The limit value of partial load refers to the generator rated power.
Period of partial load limit

0 to 600 s

If a warm up load set point value has been selected, the time period for this warm
up is configured in this parameter. The time period for the partial load imitates at
the closing of the generator circuit breaker. If a warm up period is not desired, enter
"0" for this parameter.

Shut Down
Download and
open GCB
ON

Page 52/79

Shut down

ON / OFF

ON ................The generator set will shut down if the input "enable GCB" is removed.
OFF ..............If "enable GCB" is removed, the CB will not be opened in isolated
operation. In parallel isolated operation the generator CB remains
closed.

Woodward

Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Power Set point Value


NOTE
The SPM-D11 does not take the connection to the utility into consideration. This means that if the plant
generates excess power, power will be exported to the utility. If the plant does not generate enough
power to meet demand, then power will be imported from the utility. This power controller does not
perform process control.

Power controller
P set1 = 0000kW

Power controller
P set2 = 0000kW

Power set point


External
ON

Analog input
0..00mA

External setp.
0mA
0000kW

External setp.
20mA
0000kW

External setp.
Value =
000kW

Power controller
Ramp
000 kW/s

Woodward

Set value 1 Real power controller

0 to 9,999 kW

Setting of the internal power set value 1( Pset 1). If this set point is selected, this is
the reference value for controlling the real power.
Set value 2 Real power controller

0 to 9,999 kW

Setting of the internal power set value 2 (Pset2). If this set point is selected, this is
the reference value for controlling the real power.
External set value

ON/OFF

Selection of the external power set point. If this set point is selected, the real power
is controlled to the external power set reference value.
External set point value: Range

0 to 20 / 4 to 20 mA

The analog reference signal input of the real power controller can be switched between 0 to 20 mA and 4 to 20 mA depending on the remote set point signal.
0 to 20 mA ... Minimum value of the set point value: 0 mA; Maximum value:
20 mA.
4 to 20 mA ... Minimum value of the set point value: 4 mA; Maximum value:
20 mA. Wire break monitoring is performed.
Scaling the minimum value

0 to 8,000 kW

The minimum value of the real power set point is defined here.
Scaling the maximum value

0 to 8.000 kW

The maximum value of the real power set point is defined here.
Display of the current set point value

0 to 8,000 kW

This screen is not used to enter a value, but to display the current measured value,
calculated into kW, of the analog input. This permits the mA signal to be validated
even if the engine is stopped.
Real power controller set point ramp

1 to 999 kW/s

A change in set point is supplied to the controller via a ramp. The slope of the ramp
is used to alter the rate at which the controller follows the set point value. The more
rapidly the set point should change, the greater should be the value set here.

Page 53/79

Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Three-Position Controller (SPM-D11/LSR and SPM-D11/LSXR, Setting 'THREE-STEP')


Power controller
Dead band= 00.0%
only SPM-D11/LSR
and SPM-D11/LSXR
'THREE-STEP'

Power controller
Gain Kp
00.0
only SPM-D11/LSR
and SPM-D11/LSXR
'THREE-STEP'

Power controller
Sens.red.
*0.0
only SPM-D11/LSR
and SPM-D11/LSXR
'THREE-STEP'

Real power controller insensitivity

0.1 to 25.0 %

In mains/parallel operation the real power will be controlled so that it does not deviate from the configured power factor set point by more than the value configured
in this dead band (%) setting while operating in a steady state. This percentage is
based on the generator nominal power.
Gain of real load controller

0.1 to 99.9

The gain factor Kp influences the ON time of the relays. By increasing the gain, the
response is increased to permit larger corrections to the variable to be controlled resulting in longer ON time periods. The optimum setting depends on the behavior of
the system. If the gain is too low, the control action becomes slow. If the gain is
configured too high, the result is excessive overshoot/undershoot of the desired
value.
Sensitivity reduction of real power controller

1.0 to 9.9

If the controller does not issue an actuating pulse at least 5 seconds after reaching
steady state condition, the sensitivity will be reduced by the entered factor.
Example: In case of a dead band of 2.5 % and a factor 2.0 the dead band will be increased to 5.0 % after
5 seconds. If the system deviation afterwards exceeds 5.0 %, the original dead band (2.5 %) of the controller will be set automatically. Using this entry, frequent unnecessary actuation processes can be
avoided, thus extending the life of the actuating device.

Analog controller (SPM-D11/LSXR, Setting 'ANALOG' & 'PWM')


Power controller
Gain Kp
000
SPM-D11/LSXR
'ANALOG' & 'PWM'

Power controller
Reset Tn 00.0s
SPM-D11/LSXR
'ANALOG' & 'PWM'

Power controller
Derivat.Tv 0.00s
SPM-D11/LSXR
'ANALOG' & 'PWM'

Page 54/79

P gain of the real power controller

1 to 240

The proportional-action coefficient KP indicates the closed-loop control system


gain. By increasing the gain, the response is increased to permit larger corrections
to the variable to be controlled. The optimum setting depends on the behavior of
the system. If the gain is too low, the control action becomes slow. If the gain is
configured too high, the result is excessive overshoot/undershoot of the desired
value. Refer to "Analog Controller Outputs" on page 29.
Reset time of the active load controller

0.0 to 60.0 s

The reset time Tn represents the I-component of the PID controller. The reset time
corrects for any offset (between set point and process variable) over time until the
process variable and the set point are the same. This parameter defines how quickly
the reset attempts to correct for any offset. If Tn is configured as 0.00 s, the Icomponent of the PID loop is disabled. Refer to "Analog Controller Outputs" on
page 29.
Derivative action time of the active load controller

0,00 to 6,00 s

The derivative-action time TV represents the D-component of the PID controller.


The D-component of the controller output becomes effective with large variations
of the offset, e.g. in case of load-shedding. The lower the derivative-action time is
configured, the higher the controller reaction is. If TV is configured as 0.00 s, the
D-component of the PID loop is disabled. Refer to "Analog Controller Outputs" on
page 29.

Woodward

Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Power Limit
The generator power is monitored for exceeding the configured threshold value. The excess is signaled with the
relay "Power limit". As long as the power is below the threshold value, the relay is energized (the contact is
closed). If the power has exceeded the threshold value for at least the configured delay, the relay contact will be
opened. The relay contact will close, after the power is below the threshold value minus the configured hysteresis
for at least a fixed delay of 1 second. Using this relay and external circuits it is possible to disconnect loads or activate further generators.

NOTE
This watchdog is not part of the generator protection functions. No message is displayed when the
watchdog is triggered, only a relay is energized.
The overload protection is intended for a generator that has been configured for equivalent operations
(see page 62).

Gen.active-power
Monitoring
ON

Power monitoring
Threshold =000%

Power monitoring
Hysteresis =000%

Power monitoring
Delay time =000%

Woodward

Generator power monitoring

ON/OFF

ON................ The generator real power is monitored. The following screens of this
option are displayed.
OFF.............. There is no active power monitoring performed and the following
screens of this option are not displayed.
Generator power monitoring threshold

0 to 150 %

The threshold relates to the rated power of the generator.


Generator power monitoring hysteresis

0 to 100 %

The hysteresis relates to the rated power of the generator. This value is how much
below the threshold limit that the monitored power must drop for the controller to
terminate the power threshold limit surpassed operations.
Generator power monitoring delay

0 to 600 s

To open the relay contact, the threshold hast to be exceeded continuously for the
time configured here.

Page 55/79

Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Load/Var Sharing
Active power
Load-share ON

Load sharing

Act. load share


Factor
=00%

Load sharing reference variable

Reactive power
Load-share ON

var sharing

React.load share
Factor
=00%

var sharing reference variable

Page 56/79

ON/OFF

ON ................Real power is distributed among the generators operating in parallel.


The generator outputs are distributed depending on the set values.
The following screens of this function are displayed
OFF ..............There is no load sharing control performed, and the following
screens of this function are not displayed.
10 to 99 %

The higher the weighing factor is configured, the more influence the main control
variable (frequency) has on the control. The lower the weighing factor is configured, the greater the influence of the secondary control variable (generator real
power).
ON/OFF

ON ................Re-active power is distributed among the several generators operating in parallel. The generator outputs are distributed depending on
the set values. The following screens of this function are displayed:
OFF ..............There is no var sharing control performed, and the following screens
of this function are not displayed.
10 to 99 %

The higher the weighing factor is configured, the more influence the main control
variable (voltage) has on the control. The lower the weighing factor is configured,
the greater the influence of the secondary control variable (generator reactive
power).

Woodward

Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Synchronization

Functions of Synchronization
Synchronizing
functions
ON

Synchronization
df max = 0.00Hz

Synchronization
df min =-0.00Hz

Synchronization
dV max = 00V

Synchronization
Brk.hold T>0.00s

Woodward

Synchronization functions

ON/OFF

ON................ Frequency and voltage matching for the generator and busbar is performed and a close command is issued. The subsequent screens of
this function are displayed.
OFF.............. No synchronization occurs, but no-load control functions are performed if necessary. No close command is issued. The subsequent
screens of this function are not displayed.
Max. permissible differential frequency (positive slip)

0.02 to 0.49 Hz

The prerequisite for initiating a close command that the differential frequency must
be lower than the value configured here. This value specifies the upper frequency
limit. A positive value indicates that the generator frequency is greater than the
busbar frequency.
Max. permissible differential frequency (negative slip)

0.00 to 0.49 Hz

The prerequisite for initiating a close command that the differential frequency must
be higher than the value configured here. This value specifies the lower frequency
limit. A negative value indicates that the generator frequency is less than the busbar
frequency.
Max. permissible differential voltage

[1] 1 to 20 V, [4] 1 to 60 V

A close command will not be issued until the measured differential voltage of the
generator and busbar falls below the value configured here.
Minimum pulse period of close relay

0.04 to 0.50 s

The length of the close command pulse can be adjusted to the requirement of the
subordinate switching circuit.

Page 57/79

Manual 37259C

Phase matching
ON

Slip synchroniz.
Max phase < 00
Zero phase control = OFF

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Phase matching control

ON/OFF

ON ................The synchronization is performed with Phase matching control and


circuit breaker closure operations are dependent upon the phase angle. The relevant phase matching screens are displayed.
OFF ..............The synchronization is performed with frequency and voltage matching for the generator and busbar with the circuit breaker being closed
at the synchronous point. The relevant screens for adjusting the synchronizing slip are displayed.
Max. permissible. differential angle

0 to 60

This configuration screen appears only if the phase matching control is configured
as OFF. The prerequisite for the close command to be issued is that the phase angle differential must be less than the value configured here.
Synchronization with slip - When operating in the "slip synchronization" mode
this phase angle may be set as the maximum value that a close breaker command
may be issued. This is determined by the formula:
= TClose * 360 * f
Example: If the frequency difference is 0.5Hz and the delay of the circuit breaker
delay is 80ms the delta phi is determined as follows:
TClose = 80ms, f= 0.5Hz => = 0.08s*360*0.5 = 14.4
As an example if the desired synchronization window is to be limited to a maximum of 10, then the limit value of 10 would be entered here. If this parameter is
not required, then the angle must be configured as 60
Synch-check - In the "Synch-check" operation mode, the phase angle differential
must be less than the value configured here in order to energize the relay "Close
CB".

Slip synchroniz.
TClose GCB=000ms
Zero phase control = OFF

Phase matching
Max phase < 00
Zero phase control = ON

Phase matching
Dwell time 00.0s
Zero phase control = ON

Page 58/79

Inherent delay of CB

40 to 300 ms

This configuration screen only appears, if the phase matching control is configured
OFF. This parameter is the close time of the circuit breaker. The time configured
here is the amount of time from when a breaker receives a close command until the
breaker contacts actually close. This permits the control to issue a close command
just prior to the synchronization point so that the breaker closes at that point.
Max. permissible differential angle for phase matching control

0 to 60

This configuration screen only appears, if the phase matching control is configured
ON! This is the maximum phase angle difference between the generator voltage
and the busbar/mains voltage that a CB close command will be issued.
Phase matching control breaker transition dwell time

0.2 to 10.0 s

This configuration screen only appears, if the phase matching control is configured
ON!
Once the synchronization window parameters have been met, a dwell timer is
started. The close breaker pulse will not be issued until this dwell time has expired.
If any of the required parameters leave the required ranges, the dwell timer will be
reset.

Woodward

Manual 37259C

Phase matching
Gain
00
Zero phase control = ON

Phase matching
df start 0.00Hz
Zero phase control = ON

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Phase matching control gain

1 to 36

This configuration screen only appears, if the phase matching control is configured
ON!
When phase matching control is enabled, this gain determines how much the output
signal is changed depending on phase difference. By increasing the gain, the response is increased to permit larger corrections to the variable to be controlled resulting in longer ON time periods. The farther out of tolerance the process is the
larger the response action is to return the process to the tolerance band. If the gain
is configured too high, the result is excessive overshoot/undershoot of the desired
value.
Prior to setting the value for this gain, the frequency controller must be enabled and
properly adjusted.
Differential frequency for starting phase matching control

0.02 to 0.25 Hz

This configuration screen only appears, if the phase matching control is configured
ON!
The phase matching control is not enabled, until the differential frequency between
generator and busbar/ mains is lower than the value configured here.

Synchronization Time Monitoring


Sync.time contr.
Alarm
ON

Sync.time contr.
Delay time 000s

Woodward

Synchronization time monitoring

ON/OFF

ON................ This setting ensures that the synchronization time is monitored. A


timer is started when synchronization is initiated. If the circuit
breaker has not closed prior the timer expiring, the warning message
"Synchronization time" is displayed. In addition, the synchronization
procedure is cancelled and the "Ready for operation" relay is deenergized. By pressing the "Clear" button for at least 3 seconds or by
removing one of the conditions which are necessary for the synchronization (e.g. terminal 3 "Release CB"), the synchronization timer is
reset. The following screens of this function are displayed.
OFF.............. The synchronization time will not be monitored. The following
screens of this function are not displayed.
Final value for synchronization time monitoring

10 to 999 s

Please refer to the above description of the configuration screen.

Page 59/79

Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Dead Bus Operation

If the busbar is in a voltage-free state (dead bus), a direct closing (dead bus start) of the generator circuit
breaker (GCB) may be carried out.
Gen. circ.break.
Dead bus op. ON

Dead bus op. GCB


df max = 0.00Hz

Dead bus op. GCB


dV max =
00V

Page 60/79

Dead bus start of power circuit breaker

ON/OFF

ON ................Enabling of the dead bus start function. To close the generator circuit
breaker on to the voltage-free busbar additional conditions must be
met [see chapter "Closing the CB Without Synchronization (Dead
Bus Start)" starting on page 25]. The following screens of this function are displayed.
OFF ..............Dead bus starts are not performed and the following screens of this
function are not displayed.
Maximum differential frequency for CB dead bus start

0.05 to 5.00 Hz

The prerequisite for issuing the close command is that the generator frequency may
not deviate from the rated frequency by more than this set value.
Maximum differential voltage for CB dead bus start

[1] 1 to 20 V, [4] 1 to 60 V

The prerequisite for issuing the close command is that the generator voltage may
not deviate from the rated voltage by more than this set value.

Woodward

Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Protection

Generator Reverse/Reduced Power Monitoring


Generator real power is monitored to ensure it does not fall below a preset limit. The watchdog assigned to this
relay is at terminals 37/38. The relay contact is a N.O. contact. When operating in normal operations the relay is
continuously energized. If the monitored values leave the configured range, the relay will de-energize, the contact will open, and the message "Reverse/reduced power" will be displayed. If the fault conditions exist for less
than 1 second, the relay returns to normal operations. The fault message on the display may be cleared automatically or by pressing the "Clear" button (see chapter Auto Acknowledge Messages at page 64).
Reverse/min.pow.
Monitoring ON

Reverse/min.pow.
Threshold = 00%

Reverse/min.pow.
Delay
00.0s

Woodward

Reverse/reduced load monitoring

ON/OFF

ON................ Monitoring of reverse or reduced generator real power is performed.


The following screens of this function are displayed.
OFF.............. There is no reverse or reduced power monitoring and the following
screens of this function are not displayed
Reverse/reduced power monitoring threshold value

-99 to 99 %

The threshold value refers to the configured rated power of the generator.
Reduced power monitoring: A reduced power condition is detected if the the
measured real power drops below the (positive) limit value.
Reverse power monitoring: A reverse power condition is detected if the measured
real power drops below the (negative) limit value.
A reverse power condition can only be detected if the current is at least 2% of the
CTs rating. This must be considered when configuring the reverse power protection.
Delay of reverse/reduced load monitoring

0.1 to 99.9 s

The generator real power must remain below the threshold value without interruption for at least the period of time specified in this screen for a fault condition to be
recogonized.

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Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Generator Overload Monitoring


Generator real power is monitored to ensure it does not exceed a preset limit. The watchdog assigned to this relay
is at terminals 37/38. The relay contact is a N.O. contact. When operating in normal operations the relay is continuously energized. If the monitored values leave the configured range, the relay will de-energize, the contact
will open, and the message "Gen. overload" will be displayed. If the fault conditions exist for less than 1 second,
the relay returns to normal operations. The fault message on the display may be cleared automatically or by
pressing the ""Clear" button (see chapter Auto Acknowledge Messages at page 64).
Gen. overload
Monitoring ON

Gen. overload
Threshold =000%

Gen. overload
Delay time = 00s

Page 62/79

Overload monitoring

ON / OFF

ON ................Monitoring of generator real power for overload is performed. The


following screens of this function are displayed.
OFF ..............There is no real power overload monitoring and the following
screens of this function are not displayed.
Generator overload threshold

0 to 150 %

The threshold value refers to the configured generator rated power.


Generator overload monitoring delay

0 to 99 s

The generator real power must remain above the threshold value without interruption for at least the period of time specified in this screen for a fault condition to be
recognized. If 0 seconds if configured here, the delay time is approximately 80ms.

Woodward

Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Generator Frequency Monitoring


Generator frequency is monitored to ensure it does not exceed or fall below the threshold value. The watchdog
assigned to this relay is at terminals 43/44. The relay contact is a N.O. contact. When operating in normal operations the relay is continuously energized. If the monitored values leave the configured range, the relay will deenergize, the contact will open, and the message "Gen. overfreq." or. "Gen. underfreq." will be displayed. If the
fault conditions exist for less than 1 second, the relay returns to normal operations. The fault message on the display may be cleared automatically or by pressing the "Clear" button (see chapter Auto Acknowledge Messages at
page 64).
Gen.frequencyMonitoring ON

Gen. overfreq.
f > 00.00Hz

Gen. overfreq.
Delay time=0.00s

Gen. underfreq.
f < 00,00Hz

Gen. underfreq.
Delay time=0.00s

Woodward

Generator frequency monitoring

ON/OFF

ON................ Generator frequency monitoring is enabled. The generator frequency


is monitored for overfrequency and underfrequency. The following
screens of this function are displayed.
OFF.............. There is no frequency monitoring, and the following screens of this
function are not displayed.
Threshold value: Generator overfrequency

40.0 to 70.0 Hz

If the value of the generator frequency exceeds the value set here, an overfrequency
alarm is issued.
Generator overfrequency threshold delay

0.04 to 9.98 s

In order to initiate an overfrequency alarm, the measured frequency must exceed


and remain above the configured threshold without interruption for at least the time
specified in this screen.
Threshold value: Generator underfrequency

40.0 to 70.0 Hz

If the value of the generator frequency falls below the value set here, an underfrequency alarm is issued.
Generator underfrequency threshold delay

0.04 to 9.98 s

In order to initiate an underfrequency alarm, the measured frequency must fall below and remain below the configured threshold without interruption for at least the
time specified in this screen.

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Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Generator Voltage Monitoring


The line voltages VL1/VL2 of the generator are monitored to ensure they do not exceed or fall below the threshold
values. The watchdog assigned to this relay is at terminals 41/42. The relay contact is a N.O. contact. When operating in normal operations the relay is continuously energized. If the monitored values leave the configured
range, the relay will de-energize, the contact will open, and the message "Gen. overvoltage" or. "Gen. undervoltage" will be displayed. If the fault conditions exist for less than 1 second, the relay returns to normal operations.
The fault message on the display may be cleared automatically or by pressing the "Clear" button (see chapter
Auto Acknowledge Messages at page 64).
Gen.voltageMonitoring ON

Gen.overvoltage
U > 000V

Gen.overvoltage
Delay time=0.00s

Gen.undervoltage
U < 000V

Gen.undervoltage
Delay time=0.00s

Generator voltage monitoring

ON / OFF

ON ................The generator voltage monitoring is enabled. The generator voltage


is monitored with regard to overvoltage and undervoltage. The
following screens of this function are displayed.
OFF ..............No overvoltage or undervoltage monitoring is performed and the following screens of this function are not displayed.
Threshold value: Gen. overvoltage

[1] 20 to 150 V; [4] 20 to 520 V

If the value of the generator voltage exceeds the value set here, an overvoltage
alarm is issued.
Generator overvoltage threshold delay

0.04 to 9.98 s

In order to initiate an overvoltage alarm, the measured voltage must exceed and
remain above the configured threshold without interruption for at least the time
specified in this screen.
Threshold value: Gen. undervoltage

[1] 20 to 150 V; [4] 20 to 520 V

If the value of the generator voltage falls below the value set here, an undervoltage
alarm is issued.
Generator undervoltage threshold delay

0,04 to 9,98 s

In order to initiate an undervoltage alarm, the measured voltage must fall below
and remain below the configured threshold without interruption for at least the time
specified in this screen.

Auto Acknowledge Messages


Auto-acknowledge
messages
ON

Acknowledge
Message aft. 00s

Page 64/79

Messages auto acknowledgment

EIN/AUS

ON ................When fault conditions are no longer detected and the clear message
delay time has expired, the corresponding message is automatically
deleted.
OFF ..............When fault conditions are no longer detected and the corresponding
message continues to be displayed. Pressing the "Clear" button for at
least 3 seconds will clear the fault message. The following screen is
not displayed.
Clear messages delay

1 to 99 s

This screen only appears if the screen "Messages auto-acknowledgement" is set to


ON. Clearing the messages occurs after the specified time.

Woodward

Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Password

NOTE
Once the code level is entered, access to the configuration menus will be allowed for two hours or until
another password is entered into the control. If a user needs to exit a code level then code level CS0
should be entered. This will block any configuration of the control. A user may return to CS0 by allowing the entered password to expire after two hours or by changing any one digit on the random number generated on the password screen and entering it into the unit.

Define level 1
code
0000

Define level 2
code
0000

Woodward

Code level 1 (Operator)

0000 to 9999

This code level entitles the user to change selected parameters. Changing a password is not permitted at this level. This password expires two hours after entering
the password and the user is returned to the CS0 level. For more information on
password protection refer to page 39.
Code level 2 (Commissioner)

0000 to 9999

This screen appears only in code level 2 (password protection enabled). The code
number entered here in this screen permits direct access to all parameters (displaying and changing). In addition, the user may also set the password for levels CL1
and CL2. This password expires two hours after entering the password and the user
is returned to the CL0 level. For more information on password protection refer to
page 39.

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Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Chapter 7.
Commissioning
DANGER - HIGH VOLTAGE
When commissioning the control, please observe all safety rules that apply to the handling of live
equipment. Ensure that you know how to provide first aid in the event of an uncontrolled release of energy and that you know where the first aid kit and the nearest telephone are. Never touch any live components of the system or on the back of the system.

LIFE

THREATENING

WARNING
Only a qualified technician may commission unit. The "EMERGENCY-STOP" function must be operational prior to commissioning of the system, and must not depend on the unit for its operation.

CAUTION
Prior to commissioning ensure that all measuring devices are connected in correct phase sequence.
The connect command for the unit circuit breaker must be disconnected at the unit circuit breaker. The
field rotation must be monitored for proper rotation. Any absence of or incorrect connection of voltage
measuring devices or other signals may lead to malfunctions and damage the unit, the engine, and/or
components connected to the unit!

Procedure
1.
Disconnect the close command connections at the power circuit breaker.
2.

After checking the unit wiring and ensuring all voltage-measuring devices are phased correctly, apply the
control system voltage (i.e. 12/24 Vdc).

3.

Before accessing the configuration mode, make sure to reset the discrete input "configuration locked"
(connect to 0 V or disconnect). By simultaneously pressing the two push buttons "Digit" and "Cursor", the configuration mode is accessed. After entering the access code number, the unit may be configured according to the application requirements (see the chapter regarding the parameters). The "automatic" LED will darken when in the configuration mode.

4.

Set all parameters according to Chapter Configuration on page 38. The setting limits can be either read
from the description in the controller display or from the list of parameters at the end of the operating
manual.

5.

After applying the measuring variables, the unit will display the measured values. These values should be
confirmed with a calibrated measuring instrument. It is possible to issue an asynchronous close command in case of an active dead bus start if a measuring voltage has been wired incorrectly or not at
all!

6.

Verify the status of all control and auxiliary inputs and the appropriate LEDs on the display of the control
are illuminated. Verify the status of all control and auxiliary outputs as well as the settings of the controller outputs.

Page 66/79

Woodward

Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

7.

Synchronizing the power circuit breaker:


a) Disconnect the breaker operation connection to the power circuit breaker;
b) The voltage to which the system has to synchronize must be within the permissible range
c) The signal "Enable CB" must be enabled.
e) When the generator voltage exceeds 50 % of the configured rated value, the frequency controller starts
to operate. Set the parameters of the controller in such a way that the set point value is controlled in an
optimum manner.
f) Prior to the automatic closing of the circuit breaker ensure that all measuring inputs are wired and applied correctly. Upon reaching the synchronous point check whether all conditions for synchronizing
have been met. This test is best done using a differential voltage meter direct at the power circuit
breaker.

8.

Dead bus start


a) Disconnect the breaker operation connection to the power circuit breaker.
b) Check all conditions and measuring voltages and test the close command.
c) Allow the generator circuit breaker to close automatically.

9.

After successful closing of the power circuit breaker the LED "Gen CB - ON" must illuminate.

Woodward

Page 67/79

Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Appendix A.
Dimensions
Front view

35

Configuration plug

27

65

72

Configuration plug

DIN rail
mount option
Bottom view
108.8

50

Back view with


connecting terminals

25

50

179

136

144

48

0 1

54

24

SPM-D
SPM-D11

2004-08-05 | SPM-D Dimensions spmdww-3204-ab.skf

Figure 7-1: Dimensions

Page 68/79

Woodward

Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Appendix B.
List of Parameters
Product number

P/N _____________________________

Version

SPM-D11 _____________________________________________________________

Project

_____________________________________________________________________

Serial number

S/N _______________
Parameter
100/400V; 1/5 A

Option

Rev _______________________________

Date
Adjustment range

______________________________
Standard
setting

Customer settings

CONFIGURE GENERAL PARAMETERS


SPRACHE/LANGUAGE
Software version
Enter code
Password
Protection
Direct para.

german/english
0000 to 9.999
ON/OFF
YES/NO

english
6.1xx
XXXX
OFF
NO

G E

G E

on off
Y N

on off
Y N

1W 1W2

1W 1W2

on off

on off

RC SP

RC SP

on off
on off

on off
on off

CONFIGURE BASIC SETTINGS


Rated Frequency
Generator freq.
Gen. voltage
Mains voltage
Gen. voltage
Mains voltage
Rated voltage
Gen. voltage
Current transf.
Connection type
Angle adjustment

fn
Set point
secondary
secondary
primary
primary
Vn
Set point
Generator
Gen.
Gen. Curr

Rated power

Gen.

48.0 to 62.0 Hz
48.0 to 62.0 Hz
[1] 50 to 125 V, [4] 50 to 440 V
[1] 50 to 125 V, [4] 50 to 440 V
0.1 to 65.0 kV
0.1 to 65.0 kV
[1] 50 to 125 V, [4] 70 to 420 V
[1] 50 to 125 V, [4] 50 to 440 V
10 to 9,999/x A
1W/1W2
-180 to 180
[1] 100 to 9,999 kW
[4] 5 to 9,999 kW

50.0 Hz
50.0 Hz
400 V
400 V
0.4 kV
0.4 kV
400 V
400 V
1000/x A
1W2
000

ON/OFF

OFF
Release control
ANALOG
ON
AUS
5.0 Hz/s
0.10 Hz
80 ms
15.0
+/-20 mA
(+/-10 V)
10.0 V
positive
50 %
100 %
0%
15
2.5 s
0.00 s

100 kW

CONFIGURE CONTROLLER
Automatic idle -

Running

Terminal 6

Release control/Set point power

f control type
Freq. controller
Freq. controllerIsol. oper.
Freq. controller
Ramp.
Freq. controller Dead band
Freq. controllerTime pulse >
Freq. controller
Gain Kp
f control output

ANALOG/PWM
ON/OFF
ON/OFF
0.1 to 99.9 Hz/s
0.02 to 1.00 Hz
10 to 250 ms
0.1 to 99.9
see table

f control output Level PWM


PWM-signal
Logic
f control output Init.state
f control output
(max.)
f control output
(min.)
Freq. controller
Gain Kp
Freq. controller
Reset Tn
Freq. controller Derivat.Tv

3.0 to 10.0 V
positive/negative
0 to 100 %
0 to 100 %
0 to 100 %
1 to 240
0.0 to 60.0 s
0.00 to 6.00 s

Woodward

Page 69/79

Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Parameter
100/400V; 1/5 A

Option

V contr. type
Volt. controller
Volt. controllerIsol. oper.
Volt. controller
Ramp
Volt. controller Dead band
Volt. controllerTime pulse>
Volt. controller
Gain Kp
V control output
V control output
V control output
V control output
Volt. controller
Volt. controller
Volt. controller
Pow.fact.control
Pow.fact.control
Pow.fact.control
Pow.fact.control
Pow.fact.control
Pow.fact.control
Pow.fact.control
Pow.fact.control
Power controller
Power controller
Power controller
Warm up load
Warm up load
Download and
Power controller
Power controller
Power set point
Analog input
External setp.
External setp.
Power controller
Power controller
Power controller
Power controller
Power controller
Power controller
Power controller
Gen.active-power
Power monitoring
Power monitoring
Power monitoring
Active power
Act. load share
Reactive power
React.load share

Page 70/79

Init.state
(max.)
(min.)
Gain Kp
Reset Tn
Derivat.Tv
Set point
Ramp
Dead band
Gain Kp
Gain Kp
Reset Tn
Derivat.Tv
P max
P min
Set point
time
open GCB
P set1 =
P set2 =
External
0mA, 4mA
20mA
Ramp
Dead band=
Gain Kp
Sens.red.
Gain Kp
Reset Tn
Derivat.Tv
Monitoring
threshold
hysteresis
delay time
Load-share
Factor
Load-share
Factor

Adjustment range
THREE-STEP/ANALOG
ON/OFF
ON/OFF
1 to 99 V/s
[1] 0.1 to 15.V, [4] 0.5 to 60.0 V
20 to 250 ms
0.1 to 99.9
see table
0 to 100 %
0 to 100 %
0 to 100 %
1 to 240
0.0 to 60.0 s
0.00 to 6.00 s
ON/OFF
i0.70 to 1.00 to c0.70
0.01 to 0.30 /s
0.5 to 25.00 %
0.1 to 99.9
1 to 240
0.0 to 60.0 s
0.00 to 6.00 s
ON/OFF
10 to 120 %
0 to 50 %
5 to 100 %
0 to 600 s
ON/OFF
0 to 9,999 kW
0 to 9,999 kW
ON/OFF
0 to 20 / 4 to 20 mA
0 to 9.999 kW
0 to 9.999 kW
1 to 999 kW/s
0.1 to 25.0 %
0.1 to 99.9
1.0 to 9.9
1 to 240
0.0 to 60.0 s
0.00 to 6.00 s
ON/AUS
0 to 150 %
0 to 100 %
0 to 60 s
ON/OFF
10 to 99 %
ON/OFF
10 to 99 %

Standard
setting
ANALOG
ON
OFF
25 V/s
2.0 V
80 ms
15.0
+/-20 mA
(+/-10 V)
50 %
100 %
0%
15
2.5 s
0.00 s
OFF
1.00
0.01 /s
2.5 %
15.0
15
2.5 s
0.00 s
OFF
100 %
0%
20 %
15 s
OFF
300 kW
500 kW
OFF
0 to 20 mA
0 kW
500 kW
50 kW/s
2.5 %
15.0
2.0
15
2.5 s
0.00 s
OFF
80%
20 %
10 s
OFF
50 %
OFF
50 %

Customer settings
T A
on off
on off

T A
on off
on off

on off

on off

on off

on off

on off

on off

on off

on off

on off

on off

on off

on off

on off

on off

Woodward

Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Parameter
100/400V; 1/5 A

Option

Adjustment range

Standard
setting

ON/OFF
0.02 to 0.49 Hz
0.00 to -0.49 Hz
[1] 1 to 20 V, [4] 1 to 60 V
0.04 to 0.50 s
ON/OFF
0 to 60
40 to 300 ms
0 to 60
0.2 to 10.0 s
1 to 36
0.02 to 0.25 Hz

ON
0.18 Hz
-0.10 Hz
24 V
0.20 s
OFF
7
80 ms
7
10.0 s
2
0.20 Hz

on off

on off

on off

on off

ON/OFF
10 to 999 s

OFF
120 s

on off

on off

ON/OFF
0.05 to 5.00 Hz
[1] 1 to 20 V, [4] 1 to 60 V

OFF
0.25 Hz
40 V

on off

on off

ON/OFF
-99 to 99 %
0.1 to 99.9 s
ON/OFF
0 to 150 %
0 to 99 s
ON/OFF
40.0 to 70.0 Hz
0.04 to 9.98 s
40.0 to 70.0 Hz
0.04 to 9.98 s
ON/OFF
[1] 20 to 150 V; [4] 20 to 520 V
0.04 to 9.98 s
[1] 20 to 150 V; [4] 20 to -520 V
0.04 to 9.98 s
ON/OFF
1 to 99 s

OFF
-20 %
1.0 s
OFF
120 %
20 s
OFF
55.0 Hz
3.00 s
45.0 Hz
3.00 s
OFF
460 V
3.00 s
340V
3.00 s
ON
1s

on off

on off

on off

on off

on off

on off

on off

on off

on off

on off

0000 to 9999
0000 to 9999

0001
0002

Customer settings

CONFIGURE SYNCHRONIZATION
Synchronizing
functions
Synchronization
df max
Synchronization
df min
Synchronization
dV max
Synchronization Brk.hold T>
Phase matching
Phase matching Max phase <
Slip synchroniz. TClose GCB
Slip synchroniz.Max phase <
Phase matching
Dwell time
Phase matching
Gain
Phase matching
df start

CONFIGURE SYNCHRONIZATION TIME


Sync.time contr.
Sync.time contr. Delay time

CONFIGURE DEAD BUS


Gen. circ.break.Gen.schalter
Dead bus op. GCB
df max
Dead bus op. GCB
dV max

CONFIGURE WATCHDOGS
Reverse/min.pow. Monitoring
Reverse/min.pow. Threshold
Reverse/min.pow.
Delay
Gen. overload
Monitoring
Gen. overload
Threshold.
Gen. overload
Delay time
Gen.frequencyMonitoring
Gen. overfreq.
f >
Gen. overfreq.
Delay time
Gen. underfreq.
f <
Gen. underfreq. Delay time
Gen.voltageMonitoring
Gen.overvoltage
U >
Gen.overvoltage Delay time
Gen.undervoltage
U <
Gen.undervoltage Delay time
Auto-acknowledge
Messages
Acknowledge
Message aft

CONFIGURE PASSWORDS
Define level 1
Define level 2

Woodward

code
code

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Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Appendix C.
Technical Data
Measuring values, voltage ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Measuring voltage
Standard (VN)............................................ [1] 57/100 (120) Vac
[4] 230/400 Vac
Measuring range ............................................ [1] 50 to 120 Vac
[4] 50 to 400 Vac
- Measuring frequency ................................................................................... 40.0 to 70.0 Hz
- Accuracy ................................................................................................................... Class 1
- Continuous voltage input ........................................................................................ 1.3 VN
- Input resistance .........................................................................[1] 0.21 M, [4] 0.696 M
- Maximum power consumption per path ................................................................... 0.15 W
Measuring values, current ------------------------------------------------------- galvanically isolated
- Measuring current ............................................................................................ ../1 A, ../5 A
- Accuracy ................................................................................................................... Class 1
- Maximum continuous current ...................................................................................3.0 IN
- Maximum power consumption per path .............................................................. < 0.15 VA
- Rated short-time current (1 s) ....................................... [../1 A] 50.0 IN, [../5 A] 10.0 IN
Ambient variables (Attention! Please observe actual ratings on data plate!) --------------------- Power supply (Vaux) .......................................................................... 24 Vdc (18 to 32 Vdc)
- or alternatively............................................................................12/24 Vdc (9.5 to 32 Vdc)
- Intrinsic consumption.......................................................................................... max. 12 W
- Ambient temperature..........................................................................................-20 to 70 C
- Ambient humidity ............................................................................. 95 %, not condensing
Discrete inputs (Attention! Please observe actual ratings on data plate!) ----- galvan. isolated
- Input range (VCont, dig. input) ..........................................................................18 to 250 Vac/dc
- or alternatively..................................................................................................... 12/24 Vdc
- Input resistance ..............................................................................................approx. 68 k
- or alternatively..............................................................................................approx. 6.8 k
Relay outputs ------------------------------------------------------------------------ galvanically isolated
- Make contact.................................................................................................... potential free
- Contact material ........................................................................................................AgCdO
- General purpose (GP) (VCont, relay output)
AC...............................................................2.00 Aac@250 Vac
DC................................................................ 2.00 Adc@24 Vdc
0.36 Adc@125 Vdc
0.18 Adc@250 Vdc
- Pilot duty (PD) (VCont, relay output)
AC......................................................................................B300
DC................................................................ 1.00 Adc@24 Vdc
0.22 Adc@125 Vdc
0.10 Adc@250 Vdc

Page 72/79

Woodward

Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Analog inputs ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- freely scaleable


- Resolution....................................................................................................................10 Bit
- 0/4 to 20 mA input...............................................................................................load 250
Analog outputs ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ freely scalable
- Resolution....................................................................................................................12 Bit
- 0/4 to 20 mA................................................................................. external load max. 500
- 0 to 10 Vdc ........................................................................ internal source resistance 500
- PWM signal........................................................................... max. 10 Vdc, approx. 500 Hz
Load sharing -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Voltage .................................................................................................................0 to 4 Vdc
- Resistance ........................................................................................................ approx. 5 k
Housing --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Type............................................................................................APRANORM DIN 43 700
- Dimensions (W B H).................................................................... 144 72 116.8 mm
- Front cutout (WH)................................................................... 138 [+1.0] 68 [+0.7] mm
-

Wiring........................................................................... Screw-type terminals depending on


plug connector 1.5 mm or 2.5 mm
use 60/75 C copper wire only
use class 1 wire only or equivalent
Weight ............................................................................................................ approx. 800 g

Protection------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Protection system......................................................IP42 from front for proper installation


IP54 from front with gasket (gasket: P/N 8923-1037)
IP21 from back
- Front foil................................................................................................... insulating surface
- EMV test (CE)............................................... tested according to applicable EN guidelines
Listings
CE marking

Woodward

Page 73/79

Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Appendix D.
Service Options
Product Service Options

The following factory options are available for servicing Woodward equipment, based on the standard Woodward Product and Service Warranty (5-01-1205) that is in effect at the time the product is purchased from
Woodward or the service is performed. If you are experiencing problems with installation or unsatisfactory performance of an installed system, the following options are available:
Consult the troubleshooting guide in the manual.
Contact Woodward technical assistance (see "How to Contact Woodward" later in this chapter) and discuss
your problem. In most cases, your problem can be resolved over the phone. If not, you can select which
course of action you wish to pursue based on the available services listed in this section.

Returning Equipment for Repair

If a control (or any part of an electronic control) is to be returned to Woodward for repair, please contact Woodward in advance to obtain a Return Authorization Number. When shipping the control(s), attach a tag with the
following information:

name and location where the control is installed


name and phone number of contact person
complete Woodward part numbers (P/N) and serial number (S/N)
description of the problem
instructions describing the desired type of repair

CAUTION
To prevent damage to electronic components caused by improper handling, read and observe the precautions in Woodward manual 82715, Guide for Handling and Protection of Electronic Controls, Printed
Circuit Boards, and Modules.

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Woodward

Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Packing a Control
Use the following materials when returning a complete control:

protective caps on any connectors


antistatic protective bags on all electronic modules
packing materials that will not damage the surface of the control
at least 100 mm (4 inches) of tightly packed, industry-approved packing material
a packing carton with double walls
a strong tape around the outside of the carton for increased strength

Return Authorization Number RAN


When returning equipment to Woodward, please telephone and ask for the Customer Service Department in
Stuttgart [+49 (0) 711-789 54-0]. They will help expedite the processing of your order through our distributors or
local service facility. To expedite the repair process, contact Woodward in advance to obtain a Return Authorization Number, and arrange for issue of a purchase order for the control(s) to be repaired. No work can be started
until a purchase order is received.

NOTE
We highly recommend that you make arrangement in advance for return shipments. Contact a Woodward customer service representative at +49 (0) 711-789 54-0 for instructions and for a Return
Authorization Number.

Replacement Parts

When ordering replacement parts for controls, include the following information:
the part numbers P/N (XXXX-XXX) that is on the enclosure nameplate
the unit serial number S/N, which is also on the nameplate

Woodward

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Manual 37259C

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How to contact Woodward

Please contact following address if you have questions or if you want to send a product for repair:
Woodward Governor Company
Leonhard-Reglerbau GmbH
Handwerkstrasse 29
70565 Stuttgart - Germany
Phone:
Fax:
e-mail:

+49 (0) 711-789 54-0


(8.00 - 16.30 German time)
+49 (0) 711-789 54-100
sales-stuttgart@woodward.com

For assistance outside Germany, call one of the following international Woodward facilities to obtain the address
and phone number of the facility nearest your location where you will be able to get information and service.
Facility
USA
India
Brazil
Japan
The Netherlands

Phone number
+1 (970) 482 5881
+91 (129) 230 7111
+55 (19) 3708 4800
+81 (476) 93 4661
+31 (23) 566 1111

You can also contact the Woodward Customer Service Department or consult our worldwide directory on
Woodwards website (www.woodward.com) for the name of your nearest Woodward distributor or service facility. [For worldwide directory information, go to www.woodward.com/ic/locations.]

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Woodward

Manual 37259C

SPM-D11 - Synchronizing Unit

Engineering Services

Woodward Industrial Controls Engineering Services offers the following after-sales support for Woodward products. For these services, you can contact us by telephone, by e-mail, or through the Woodward website.

Technical support
Product training
Field service during commissioning

Technical Support is available through our many worldwide locations, through our authorized distributors, or
through GE Global Controls Services, depending on the product. This service can assist you with technical questions or problem solving during normal business hours. Emergency assistance is also available during nonbusiness hours by phoning our toll-free number and stating the urgency of your problem. For technical engineering support, please contact us via our toll-free or local phone numbers, e-mail us, or use our website and reference technical support.
Product Training is available on-site from several of our worldwide facilities, at your location, or from GE
Global Controls Services, depending on the product. This training, conducted by experienced personnel, will assure that you will be able to maintain system reliability and availability. For information concerning training,
please contact us via our toll-free or local phone numbers, e-mail us, or use our website and reference customer
training.
Field Service engineering on-site support is available, depending on the product and location, from our facility
in Colorado, or from one of many worldwide Woodward offices or authorized distributors. Field engineers are
experienced on both Woodward products as well as on much of the non-Woodward equipment with which our
products interface. For field service engineering assistance, please contact us via our toll-free or local phone
numbers, e-mail us, or use our website and reference field service.

Woodward

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Technical Assistance

If you need to telephone for technical assistance, you will need to provide the following information. Please write
it down here before phoning:

Contact
Your company______________________________________________
Your name_________________________________________________
Phone number ______________________________________________
Fax number ________________________________________________

Control (see name plate)


Unit no. and Revision:
P/N:____________________ REV: ______
Control type

SPM-D11 ____________________________

Serial number

S/N _________________________________

Description of your problem


_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
Please be sure you have a list of all parameters available.

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Woodward

We appreciate your comments about the content of our publications.


Please send comments to: icinfo@woodward.com
Please include the manual number from the front cover of this publication.

Woodward Governor Company


Leonhard-Reglerbau GmbH
Handwerkstrasse 29 - 70565 Stuttgart - Germany
Telefon +49 (0) 711-789 54-0 Fax +49 (0) 711-789 54-100
sales-stuttgart@woodward.com
Homepage
http://www.woodward.com/smart-power

Woodward has company-owned plants, subsidiaries, and branches, as well as authorized


distributors and other authorized service and sales facilities throughout the world.
Complete address/phone/fax/e-mail information
for all locations is available on our website (www.woodward.com).
04/10/S