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University

Alcatel-Lucent
7302-7330-735x ISAM

Product overview : XD Equipment Practice

Alcatel-Lucent University
1

Alcatel-Lucent University

During class please switch off your mobile, pager or other that may interrupt.

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Table of contents
Why the ISAM?

What is the ISAM Family? .

General topology

Hardware

Equipment practice .

XD

FD

REM .

SEM .

RU

Addendum
2

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University
Equipment practice - XD

eXtreme Density

Alcatel-Lucent University

> XD equipment
ALTS-T: ETSI shelf for line boards
ASPS-A: ETSI splitter shelf with backplane
ASPS-C: ETSI splitter shelf without backplane
ARAM-D: Mini shelf 7330 FTTN host (4LT-slots)
EREM-A: 7330 FTTN Remote expansion Module (1LT)

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XD shelf types
ISAM 7302 - XD
XD-LT

ALTS-T

ETSI shelf for 16 line boards (48 lines)

XD-SP

ASPS-A

ETSI splitter shelf with backplane for 16 splitter boards (48 lines)

XD-SP

ASPS-C

16 slot ETSI splitter shelf without backplane for 16 splitter boards (48 lines)

ISAM 7330 FTTN - XD


XD-ARAM-D
mini-RAM shelf for 4 line boards (LT 48 lines)

REM-XD
EREM-A
1XD-LT 24 ports VDSL and 1 XD-PS
can be connected to 7330 FTTN XD or FD

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XD equipment practice
Single-shelf ASAM equipment practice
XD-LT ETSI splitterless shelf

TRU

ALTS-T

Mounted in ISAM XD RACK (with TRU)


LEDs

SUB 1

power:
incoming from office battery
outgoing to shelves

Different rack configurations


splitterless deployment

SUB 2

Max 2 shelves per rack


2 ISAM systems per rack

Deployment with splitters integrated in rack


1 shelf per rack
1 ISAM system per rack

splitterless deployment
5

> The ISAM equipment is a 2200mm tall dedicated rack system, which will include one of the
following items, depending on the rack configuration: TRU, for power termination and distribution,
splitter shelf and one or two splitterless shelves
> It is not possible to extend the ISAM with multiple shelves. One ISAM system is limited to 1shelf.
> For the ISAM shelf the ASAM XD-LT ETSI splitterless shelf is reused.
> When the splitter-shelf is not integrated in the rack, one rack will be able to accomodate 2 ISAM
systems (see drawing). splitterless deployment is used in case of splitters collocated with MDF or
splitterless deployment (CLEC).
> In case the splitters are integrated in the rack itself, one ISAM system can be accomodated within
the rack.

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XD rack configurations
TRU

splitterless
shelf 1

TRU

TRU

splitterless
shelf 1

splitter
shelf

splitterless
shelf 2

splitterless
shelf

dust filter

dust filter

splitterless deployment
1 ISAM systems in 1 rack

dust filter

splitterless deployment
2 ISAM systems in 1 rack

combo deployment
splitters integrated
in rack

> In the 7302 ISAM we use the XD modular rack equipment practice, i.e. the XD LT shelf and the splitter
shelf is used.
> Three rack configurations are defined based on a standard ETSI rack (2200mm x 600mm x 300mm):
7302 ISAM rack with one LT shelf/splitterless shelf

one 7302 ISAM top rack unit (TRU): ATRU-Q

one 7302 ISAM XD splitterless shelf: ALTS-T

capacity of 768 xDSL lines, no splitters included


7302 ISAM rack with two LT shelves/splitterless shelves

one 7302 ISAM TRU: ATRU-Q

two 7302 ISAM XD splitterless shelves: ALTS-T

capacity of 1,536 xDSL lines, no splitters included


7302 ISAM rack with one splitter shelf and one LT shelf - combo deployment

one 7302 ISAM TRU

one 7302 ISAM XD splitter (SP) shelf: ASPS-A

one 7302 ISAM XD splitterless shelf: ALTS-A

capacity of 768 xDSL lines, splitters included


> Note: as each ISAM shelf is a stand-alone unit, there is in principle no extension between subsequent
LT shelves in a rack, i.e. in order to grow the capacity of a node, combinations of A, B and C are
possible knowing that each LT shelf will contain its own aggregation function and its own (external)
interfaces.

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ALTS-T Line terminating shelf

ISAM NT

I/O

Back panel

PWR

LINE(1..24)

connector
area

LINE(25..48)

ACUNT
NT
LT
LT
LT
LT
LT
LT
LT
LT
LT
LT
LT
LT
LT
LT
LT
LT

ACU

LT board

line board
area

XDSL x 24
XDSL x 24

SMAS

Fan unit

fan area

Dust filter

FAN
dust filter

> This eXtreme Density ETSI shelf is a splitterless shelf with front access and backpanel
architecture:
NT slots: NT-A and NT-B (for NT redundancy).
NT I/O slot: to insert the NT I/O applique board.
ACU slot: for the ACU card also used in ASAM. ACU performs alarm management of the
shelf
LT board area: 16 slot positions where LT cards are inserted (48 ports XDSL / 24 ports
SHDSL / 24 ports VDSL. In the future also 48 port SHDSL and VDSL cards will be
supported)
POLT and IVPS cards can also be inserted in the LT area (ISAM-V)
1 SMAS slot: for the SMAS (System Mac Address Storage) card, contains a remote
inventory PROM that contains the MAC address(es) of the system
1 fan unit with or without dust filter.
The upper part of the shelf is referred to as the connector area (also see one of the following
slides).
> 16 LT boards in one sub-rack and only one sub-rack in one ISAM system means that the max
number of xDSL lines that one ISAM system can support is 48*16=768 lines.
> The ALTS-T has no splitter area. The splitter function can be done in the same rack or in another
rack (external splitters).

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ALTS-T connector area


AL - AR
BL - BR
RET

remote CT

previous
subrack
* Not
supported

connectors for ADSL lines

PWR

extension

dial-in modem

PSTN

TRU
A

next subrack
* Not supported

> The connector area contains:


TRU interface (50 way D-sub connector): to connect the subrack to the top rack unit.
extender interfaces (26 way connector, not used in ISAM)
interfaces for xDSL: 24 lines per connector, for the LT board immediately below.
The connectors used are 48 CHAMP connectors: via these connectors, the xDSL is brought
into the shelf. One connector contains 24 pairs. Therefore we need 2 connectors for each
board/slot position
remote craft terminal interface (9 pin connector): will allow for remote management via a
Craft Terminal through a permanent connection to the ASAM subsystem This can be a
modem connection (see drawing)
REMARK: the CT connector on the ACU board is DCE type and the CT connector
mentioned here is of DTE type (modem = DCE) See also above
power plugs

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ALTS-T PLID switches

splitter shelf (ASPS-A) does not


have PLID jumpers.
in case a splitter shelf is
equipped, the next splitterless
shelf (ALTS-T) in the rack is considered
as subrack 1.

> The Physical Location Identification Switches (PLID) identify the position of the subrack/shelf in
the ASAM. Depending on the shelf type (LT or combo) you have 2 or 3 per rack!
> The PLID jumpers are located on the ASAM back-plane behind the NT board (see slide).

SR-ID0 SR-ID2: identifies the position of the subrack inside the rack.

R-ID0 R-ID3: identifies the position of the rack within the DSLAM.

R-TYP0 R-TYP3: identifies the type of DSLAM to the AWS.

> The ALTS-T subrack provides the PLID setting. This requires 21 PLID bits for extreme density
equipment.
> PLID setting is done on the backplane.
Nine bits (SLOT-IDxx, BP-TYP) are fixed by the backplane lay-out, the other twelve (SR-IDxx, RIDxx, R-TYPxx and ACU-EN) are altered at the installation with jumpers.These jumpers are
placed on the backplane in two columns between the ACU and the NTA slots.

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Cabling Internal splitters (2/2)


splitter shelf cabling
ADSL lines
25-48
ADSL
25-48

connector area splitterless shelf

POTS
25-48

ADSL
1-24
POTS
1-24

ADSL lines
1-24
10

> On this slide an ASPS-A splitter shelf is depicted.

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Cabling External splitters

MDF

POTS

External splitter
device

LPF

POTS

ADSL

POTS

POTS

ADSL

Incumbent LEC

SPLIT
POTS

ADSL

Competitive LEC
Subscriber line

splitterless ISAM
shelf + service hub

POTS

ADSL

11

> In case external splitters are used, typically the incoming subscriber lines are connected at the
MDF (Main Distribution Frame). From there they will be further connected towards an external
PSTN POTS splitter rack and also towards the splitterless shelf.

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ARAM-D based 7330 ISAM FTTN host

GFC - PWIO

PWR

GENC
NT-B
NT-A
LT-4

FAN
UNIT

LT-3
LT-2
LT-1
LP4
LP3
LP2
LP1
DSL
25-48

DSL
1-24

POTS
25-48

POTS
1-24

12

> The ARAM-D (4-LT shelf) has the following front-accessible slots:
> GFC slot: The General Facilities Card (GFC) is mounted on top of the shelf. In case of the
ARAM-D, the GFC provides power input and filtering, fan control, SMAS functionality, external
alarm collection, a craft interface and Test Access Port connectors.
In the case of the ARAM-D shelf the GFC functionality is provided by the PWIO board.
> In the slot beneath the GENC card needs to be inserted - alarm control and host expansion
interface unit on the 7330 ISAM FTTN.
> NTA and NTB slot: These slots can be equipped with the standard NT board types on the 7330
ISAM FTTN host shelf. Additional NT I/O interfaces are located on the GENC card. The
component side for these NT boards is UP. If the shelf is used as a slave, then a single slave
expansion card must be inserted at the position of NT A. The NT B slot must be covered with a
filler plate.
> LT1 through LT4 slots for LT units: The LT boards supported are e.g. EBLT-C, EBLT-E, EBLT-K
(48 ports multi-DSL) and EVLT-A, EVLT-C (24 ports VDSL)
> LP1 through LP4 slots for appliques: The splitterboards supported are e.g. AVPC-A, HCUT-C,
HLPC-H, HLPC-J and VPSC-D
> Fan slot: only the NTs, combo I/O card and LTs are cooled directly by the fan unit. The LPs and
the GFC will only receive some limited cooling.
The fan unit for ARAM-D exists out of a four-fan assembly, the AFAN-L.
> The ARAM-D shelf supports MTA.

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ARAM-D vertical mounting

ETSI
600mm rack

ARAM-D does not fit horizontally in


an ETSI rack

ARAM-D

ARAM-D

19 rack

20 or
512mm

2200mm

ALTR-E 4
Free space
2,5/side

adapters required for vertical


mounting:
mounting kit

Free space
125mm/side

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Other system components


top rack unit
ATRU-Q

Up to 2 XD
XDLT
LTshelves
shelves
per rack
power provisioning

fuses for boards/fans


Fan units
AFAN-H
with or without dust filter

air flow

splitter shelf can be integrated


in rack or separate (as shown)

14

> The slide depicts a single rack holding 2 ISAMs (splitterless deployment).
> So two ALTS-T shelves are housed in this rack. Each shelf holds a fan tray. This is an 8-fan fanunit with or without dust filter. Only one dust filter is needed per rack.
> The top rack unit (TRU) is the unit providing the power interface between the office power plant
and the subracks. It is also the interface between the office alarm system and the rack equipment
(including up to five customer defined external alarms) and displays the rack alarm conditions.
> Fan unit:
One fan unit (AFAN-H) provides forced air cooling in the subrack. The fan unit is a field
replaceable unit in the subrack fan area, it plugs directly into the backplane.
> There are two variants, one with dust filter and one without dust filter. The fan unit of the subrack
in the lowest rack position must always contain a dust filter.

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ATRU-Q Top rack unit for ISAM 7302 XD


2 variants exists
top rack unit for splitterless rack configuration
one or two LT subracks

top rack unit for rack configuration with splitter


one LT subrack + one SP subrack

15

> The TRU is installed in the top position of the rack and is always cabled for two subracks, even if
the configuration only requires one subrack . This is due to anticipated difficulties in adding
cables after initial installation.
> The top rack unit terminates the feed(s) of the office battery branches A and B and distributes the
power to up to two subracks via individual feeds and via circuit breakers.
> In an XD rack, the top rack unit (ATRU) distributes fused -48 Vdc or -60 Vdc power to all the
subracks and fan units via two redundant branches. It interfaces between the DSL equipment
and the Central Office alarm system.
> The ATRU-Q contains the following functional blocks:
Front panel with circuit breakers and alarm display
termination for external wiring
alarm and control boards with interface to internal ACU boards and external CO alarm
systems.

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General architecture 7302 ISAM-XD


4 External
Ethernet
links

XD equipment practice
16 LT boards
48 lines/LT

NT I/O

Control/Mgt function

Clock
3/4 External
Ethernet
links

Aggregation (service hub)


and control- & management
function integrated on NT
1GE connectivity between
NT and LT via backpanel
SMAS card

Control link
1..4
GE/FE

802.3
port

Power

802.3
port

NT

Each LT contains an IWF

(FE)

1..3/4
GE/FE

Aggregation
function
1 16 GE

ASAM link
ACU

LT 1
LT module

LT module

SMAS

ACU

System MAC address


storage

LT 16

SMAS

separate splitter shelf

ASAM-shelf

48 lines
16

> The slide above shows the 7302 ISAMs XD system architecture.
> The 7302 ISAM XD consists of a set of 16 subscriber line termination (LT) boards, 1 or 2 network
termination (NT) boards, 1 network termination I/O board, 1 alarm control unit (ACU) board, all
located in an eXtreme Density (XD) splitter-less shelf ALTS-T.
> The NT board contains an integrated aggregation function with a total switching capacity of 24
Gbps which is commonly referred to as the service hub (SHUB).
> Actually there are two ethernet switches on the NT having a capacity of 12 Gbps each, which
means the total switching capacity is 24 Gbps, corresponding with
16 GE ASAM links + 8 Ethernet links.
> Depending on the NT card type you will have 7 external Ethernet links + 1 control link or 8
external Ethernet links. In case of 8 external Ethernet links the connection of the SHUB with the
control and management function is no longer done via ethernet. This way the ISAM has an
additional network link (true e.g. for ECNT-C see later in this presentation)
> Whether a clock function (BITS) interface is present on the NT or not will also depend on the
variant of NT card.
> The 7302 ISAM XD does not have a dedicated power unit (the interface point to the external DC
power supply systems and provides power). On the shelf itself there are so called fast-on
connectors for providing power supply coming from the top rack unit (TRU).
The power signals BATA, BATB and BATRET are distributed via the backplane and feed the
plug-in units and fan units installed.
> You do not find the TAU module on this drawing, although ISAM XD equipment practice provides
this functionality. An RJ45 for test access (connection to TAU) is present on the NTI/O ( see
later), but the TAU module itself is on a TAUS-card which physically needs to be inserted in the
splitter-shelf.

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General architecture 7330 ISAM FTTN host-XD


ARAM-D => 4 LTs
NT

Control/Mgt function

802.3
port

GE/FE 1 ..
3
GE1 ..4

FE

Control link
External
Aggregation
function
Ethernet
links
GE1..2+2

GE1 ..10+2

Exp. link

ASAM link

LT 4
LTLT1
1

Clock

OR

ACU

Power

3/4 External
Ethernet
links

TAU
OR

PS

Ext Eth
Links
2+2

DSL lines

PWIO

GENC

SMAS

LT module

EXP links
10 +2

17

> The ARAM-D is a four-LT-slot shelf. It is used for the 7330 ISAM FTTN, and can be mounted
horizontally or vertically.
> The PWIO card functions as a General Facilities Card (GFC). It provides connectivity and
distribution for power feeds and external alarms. The PWIO card is integrated in the shelf.
in the ARAM-D the GFC functionality is provided by the PWIO card
the SMAS functionality is implemented using a remote inventory prom located on the PWIO
(a few fields in this prom are reserved for the contents of the SMAS prom).
> The ACU functionality is not on a separate card as in the ISAM XD equipment practice, but
integrated on the GENC card.

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NT network termination in 7302/7330 ISAM-XD


service hub

7302 / 7330
ISAM-XD
PSTN

LT
NT

3/4 FE/GE
elec or
GE optical

802.3
port

CTR

P
S

SHUB

Clock

.
.
.
LT

the main ethernet switch


electrical or optical Ethernet
interfaces

runs control plane software and


management software
management and control
interfaces
SW management
fault management
configuration management
DB management

clock functionality
P
S

Optional

7330: performs
aggregation,management and
control functions REM
Seen as one NE on 5523 AWS

18

> All the data that passes through the 7302 ISAM will always pass through the NT. It is the 24
Gbps Ethernet aggregation switching function, i.e. the service hub residing on the NT that is
responsible for the data forwarding towards the Ethernet aggregation network.
> Another functionality of the NT-board is the control plane of the 7302 ISAM required e.g. for
maintenance and operations, remote inventory information and shelf management.
It provides management interfaces (LAN, CRAFT, RCRAFT) to the outside world and control
interfaces towards the line termination (LT) boards and the network termination I/O.
> On the NT resides an interface and media conversion block which provides 3 or 4 (depending on
NT card type) external Ethernet interfaces. These interfaces are primarily intended to be used as
subtending and/or network links or for a directly connected user. In case optical interfaces are
needed the media converter on the NT converts the electrical signal coming from the service hub
into an optical signal.
> Whether a clock function (BITS) interface is present on the NT or not will depend on the type of
NT card.
> NT redundancy is supported
> The NT has the same functionality in the 7330 ISAM FTTN host shelf as in the 7302 ISAM.
> The NT in the 7330 FTTN host shelf however, will also provide the different functionalities for the
remote units connected to the 7330 FTTN host shelf.

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ECNT Network termination board XD (1/2)


service hub
24 Gbps line rate capacity
16 port reserved for line cards &
expansions
1 (0) port to the control & mgt function
7 (8) ports remaining for Ethernet user
links, subtending links and network links

contains FLASH, RAM and ROM


memory
interfacing with management and
control interfaces via backpanel
traffic management on NT

ECNT-A
ECNT-C
19

> ECNT-A NT board with integrated SHub. Provides three electrical FE, electrical GE or optical
GE links on the front panel.
> ECNT-C NT board with integrated SHub. Provides four GE links on the front panel: three GE
optical + one 10/100/1000Mbps optical/electrical (selectable)
> Besides providing network termination, the ECNT card performs Ethernet switching and control
functions for the 7302 ISAM-XD and the 7330 ISAM FTTN-XD, as well as for any connected
7330 REM. It handles the xDSL, the shelf, and the switching data path.
> The ECNT card handles high-bandwidth IP services for xDSL subscribers by providing a 24
Gigabit Ethernet switching fabric (service hub).
In the downstream direction, high-bandwidth IP services enter the network termination side of the
7302 ISAM or 7330 ISAM FTTN over connectivity at the ECNT card or through the NT I/O (7302
ISAM) or GENC card (7330 FTTN).
> The ECNT card switches the Ethernet IP traffic. The appropriate packets for each connected
xDSL subscriber are then forwarded over the backplane to the LT. In the upstream direction, the
ECNT card receives Ethernet packets from the LTs over the backplane. The ECNT card either
switches the Ethernet packets to the high-bandwidth IP services network or passes them to the
NT I/O (7302 ISAM) or GENC (7330 ISAM FTTN) card.
> For expansion configurations with REMs, the NT on the 7330 FTTN host shelf switches traffic
destined for remote subscribers to expansion ports on the GENC card via the shelf backplane.
Traffic from remote subscribers is forwarded to the NT over the expansion links that connect to
the GENC card on the host shelf.
> The ECNT card supports inband or outband management traffic received through its connectors.
Local management (craft terminal) is supported by the ECNT card through craft connections on
the AACU (7302 ISAM) and PWIO (7330 ISAM) cards. The NT on the FTTN host shelf is used to
manage REMs which cannot behave as standalone units.

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ECNT network termination board XD (2/2)

2 variants: 100 Mb or 1Gb to each LT


RJ45 auto-sensing 10/100/1000Base-T
On board media conversion to GE optical
SFP optical modules required

ECNT-C: 4 Ethernet interfaces


3 x 1Gbps SFP port
1 x 10/100/1000Mbps port electrical or
1Gbps optical

ECNT is used in:


7302 ISAM XD

port 1,2,3 optical

Optical itfs

Electrical
itfs

LEDs

port 0: optical
or electrical

ECNT-A: 3 Ethernet interfaces

7330 ISAM FTTN XD

20

> ECNT-A
Has three connectors for Gigabit Ethernet optical or electrical connections and three connectors
for Ethernet electrical connections to a high-bandwidth IP services network.
The six connectors on ECNT-A are logically grouped into three pairs of one electrical connector
and one optical connector each.
Only one of the two connectors in a logical pair can be active at any one time. For example, if
you are using the optical connector in the first pair, then you cannot use the electrical connector
of the pair until you disconnect the optical connector for the pair. If ECNT-A cards have been
installed for NT redundancy, a total of six NT connectors are provided, with three being active.
> ECNT-C:
port 0 10/100/1000 Mbps electrical or optical
port 1,2,3 1GE optical only!
> SFP (Small Form factor Pluggable units) for NT & NT-I/O or GENC:
optical modules exist for GE and FE. On one of the following slides some examples are given,
but the list is not complete!

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NT I/O NT Input Output in 7302 ISAM-XD


7302
ISAM-XD
PSTN

interfaces with the NT via the


backpanel

NT I/O

4 x elec or
optical

802.3
port

LT

NT

provide additional external


interfaces to the 7302 ISAM shelf.

P
S

interface for test access

.
.
.
LT

ethernet interface for


management
one NT-I/O per ISAM system
Supports NT redundancy

P
S

21

> The network termination Input/Output (NT I/O) board is an applique or interface card which
interfaces via the backplane with the network termination (NT) board. It is required in case
more than the available external interfaces on the NT board are required, or when different
physical interfaces are required than the NT board can offer.
> On the 7302 ISAM-XD, the NT I/O can provide up to 4 additional interfaces
> The NT I/O also provides:
- an outband management interface which currently cannot be used ( R3.2)
- the interface for communication between the NT and the TAU module on the TAUS board of the
XD splitter (SP) shelf

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NT I/O Network termination I/O board


provides 4 additional (external) Ethernet
interfaces
ECNC-A
RJ45 auto-sensing 10/100/1000Mbps
Or optical interfaces (1G only)

ECNC-B
FE optical interfaces

SFP optical modules required


RJ45 for test access (connection to TAU)

22

> Different types of NT I/O cards exist currently:


ECNC-A: 4 x 10/100/1000 electrical interfaces or 4 x optical GE interfaces
ECNC-B: 4 x optical FE interfaces
(ECNC-C: 4 x optical GE for ISAM-V!)
> ECNC also has an ethernet port labeled for outband management. This port cannot be used!

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SFP pluggable optical modules for NT & NT-I/O


Optical modules available for GE
GE SX MM 850nm

550m (4dB)

GE LX SM 1310nm

10km (11dB)

GE EX

SM

1310nm

GE ZX SM 1550nm

40km

80km (20dB)

List is not exhaustive more available

Optical modules available for FE


FE MM

850nm

550m (4dB)

FE SM

1310nm

10km (11dB)

List is not exhaustive

All modules do have an LC connector

23

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CWDM SFP transceivers


Eight center wavelengths
are available:
y 1471 nm,
y 1491 nm,
y 1511 nm,
y 1531 nm,
y 1551nm,
y 1571 nm,
y 1591 nm,
y 1611 nm.

CWDM SFP support

24

> CWDM technology uses an ITU standard 20nm spacing between the wavelengths, from 1310nm
to 1610nm. With CWDM technology, since the wavelengths are relatively far apart (compared to
DWDM), the transponders are generally not very expensive.
> The SFP-CW has the following features:
> Coarse Wavelength Division Multiplexing (CWDM) transceivers. These transceivers are available
for eight different wavelengths.
> Compliant with SFP Multi Source Agreement (MSA).
> Compatible with IEEE 802.3z Gigabit Ethernet 1000Base-LX PMD specifications.
> Digital diagnostic through serial interface.
> Internal calibration for digital diagnostics.
> Eye safe (Class 1 Laser Safety).
> Duplex LC optical interface.
> Loss Of Signal (LOS) output and TX Disable input.
> Hot pluggable.

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LT line termination in 7302 / 7330 ISAM-XD


7302 / 7330
ISAM-XD

contains the LT-module

PSTN

contains the IWF


LT

LT module

i.e. the LT is on the data


forwarding path

P
S

provide connection to DSL


users
the applique boards are

.
LT BOARDS.
.
LT

transport function
determines type of card

For 7302:
P
S

in a separate shelf,
maybe even in a separate rack

For 7330: in the same shelf


APPLIQUE
BOARDS
25

> For the data path, in the 7302 ISAM-XD , the main building blocks are the LT boards on which we
can find the IWFs and the NT (see later) on which we can find the aggregation function. All the
data that passes through the 7302 ISAM-XD will always pass through the NT.
> The 7302 ISAM-XD is equipped with a large number of line termination
boards (LT). Different LTs exist for DSL access. Most of the LTs also need a paired applique
boards. These applique boards can reside in an equipment placed in the same rack or in another
location (see further in this document).
> In the 7302 ISAM-XD, each LT card is connected with the NT via the backpanel using a 1 GE
electrical interface. This way the Alcatel 7302 ISAM-XD offers wire speed delivery of services
towards each user through a non-blocking bandwidth of 1 Gigabit per slot.
> The 7330 ISAM FTTN host shelf perceives remote LT units as though they were installed locally
on the host shelf itself, adding them to its total number of LT units.

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EBLT MultiDSL line termination board


multi-ADSL line card
48 ports per card
ADSL/ADSL2/READSL2/ADSL2+ line termination
POTS and ISDN line cards

GE interface towards NT
ATM cell <-> Ethernet packet conversion
Inter Working Function (IWF)

L2 and L3 cards
difference in supported FW Models, QoS,...
EBLT-C-E (POTS, L3)
EBLT-D-F (ISDN, L3)
EBLT-J (POTS, L2)

26

EBLT-A/J L2 functionalities only (see forwarding models later on)

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EVLT VDSL line termination board


VDSL line card
24 ports per card
POTS and ISDN line cards

GE interface towards NT

EVLT-C (ETSI/POTS)
EVLT-D (ETSI/ISDN)

27

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SMLT SHDSL line termination board - XD


SHDSL line card
symmetric service:
bit rate from 192 kbps to 5696 kbps
in steps of 64 kbps

24 ports per card


EFM or ATM/IMA

GE interface towards NT
SMLT-J
SMLT-K

28

> The SMLT-J:


Provides symmetric variable rate service to CPE.
Provides 24 symmetric ports at line rates from 192 kbit/s to 5696 kbit/s payload rate in steps
of 64 kbit/s.
Supports symmetric spectral profiles.
Supports two-wire mode, channel bonding (four-wire/six-wire/eight-wire mode) using ATM
for extended range and/or greater payload.
Supports multi-link (up to 8 links) grouping using Inverse Multiplexing over ATM (IMA) for
extended range and/or greater payload.
If IMA grouping is used, up to 24 groups with a maximum of eight links per group are
allowed.
Supports Packet Transfer Mode (PTM / EFM).
The SMLT-J units do not require an applique, the SHDSL interface lines are immediately
connected to the UTP cables via the subrack connectors. But, if required, an applique in an
external splitter subrack can provide this connection.

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PSPS MultiDSL splitter board


48 lines per card
inserted in any of the 16 slots of
splitter shelf
separates the ADSL and POTS/ISDN
signals upstream & combines the
ADSL modem signals with POTS/ISDN
signals downstream
with or without relays

ADSL
25-48

POTS/ISDN
25-48
ADSL
1-24

supports connection to external test


device for line measurement
purposes

POTS/ISDN
1-24

AA variant: outward line testing


AB variant: full test access

XD-PSPC 48 lines
PSPS-A (POTS)
PSPS-B (POTS)
PSPS-C (POTS)
PSUS-A (POTS + ISDN)

ready to support N+1 LT redundancy

compatible with ADSL2+ (2.2 MHz)


POTS and POTS+ISDN 2B1Q variant

29

> The Pots splitter board will filter and combine ADSL and POTS/ISDN signals, thus allowing the
concurrent use of POTS/ISDN and ADSL on the same UTP. Exists in a wide range of
impedances (Real, Complex, ) Special version for ISDN due to different spectrum.
> The PSPS boards for the ISAM splitter shelf contains 48 LPFs or splitters so one board can
serve up to 48 ADSL lines. Note that the ADLT splitter function is performed by a High-Pass
Filter (HPF) on the ADLT board.
> The pots splitter boards are mounted in the applique slots of the ASPS-A.
> PSUS-A: universal POTS/ISDN splitter version A (PSUS-A) - with N+1 redundancy and limited
test access. The PSUS-A:
Can be installed in the XD splitter shelf, installed in the Central Office (CO)
Contains 48 Low-Pass Filters (LPFs)
Separates the ADSL and the POTS/ISDN signals in the upstream direction
Supports ADSL, ADSL2+ and RE-ADSL (multi-ADSL).
Combines the ADSL signals with POTS / ISDN signals to the customer
Protects the POTS/ISDN against interference from signals generated by the network
termination (NT) unit or the (multi) ADSL line termination unit
Protects the receivers at both the subscriber and the Central Office from all POTS/ISDN
related signals
Allows connection to the Spare bus to provide N + 1 redundancy (not supported for this
release)
Allows connection to the Spare bus for limited test access (only this variant).
For ISDN only 2B1Q encoding is supported

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2010 Alcatel-Lucent., All rights reserved

VSPB VDSL splitter board

24 lines per card


separates the VDSL and POTS/ISDN
signals upstream & combines the VDSL
modem signals with POTS/ISDN signals
downstream
POTS and POTS+ISDN 2B1Q variant

VSPB-A (POTS)
VSUB-A (POTS+ISDN)

30

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GENC Gigabit Ethernet Network Combiner in 7330 FTTN-XD


GENC houses

7330 ISAM
FTTN-XD host

802.3 port function


uplink and downlink (expansion)

Craft Terminal

2+ 2 optical

ACU

TAU
ITSC

802.3
port

GENC

ACU module
TAU module
ITSC module (optional)

10 + 2 optical

expansion link

802.3
port

LT P
S

PSTN
LT

P
S

.
.
.

NT

LT

ASAM link

P
S

14 optical GE interfaces
10 for expansion
2 for uplinks
2 selectable (expansion or uplinks)

31

> The GENC card has 14 Gigabit Ethernet optical connectors.


Two ports are dedicated for uplink connectivity to high-bandwidth IP services networks. The highbandwidth IP services network can provide service for the xDSL subscribers and supports inband
management of the 7330 ISAM FTTN-XD.
Two more ports are configurable as either uplinks or as expansion ports (downlinks.)
The GENC card has 10 expansion ports (downlinks) used to connect remote expansion units to
the host shelf.
> The ACU module and TAU module are integrated on the GENC card as well, so besides
providing 14 optical Gigabit Ethernet interfaces for uplink and downlink activity, the GENC card
provides alarm and control support as well as support for MTA (Mechanical test access) based
testing.
> It is the ACU-block in on the GENC-card that collect up to five external alarms, AC fail alarm,
door alarm, fuse alarm and two fan fail alarms and sends them to the NT. The ACU-block sends
its alarms to the NT board which transfers these signals to the element management system.
> The Test Access unit (TAU) module manages the switching of signals between the MTA ports
(located on the PWIO) and subscriber lines (connected to appliques).
> Depending of the type of GENC card, the board can be equipped with an Integrated Test and
Sealing Current (ITSC) module.
The ITSC module is present as a daughter card of the GENC-F. The ITSC module is used to
perform narrowband tests and provide sealing current on customer lines.

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2010 Alcatel-Lucent., All rights reserved

GENC: Gigabit Ethernet network Combiner 7330 XD

Generic Facility card for ARAM-D


power distribution to other units in the shelf
Redundant power infeed

alarm and control support


MTA support

14 optical GE interfaces
10 for expansion Downlinks
2 for uplinks towards
network/subtended/end-user
2 selectable (expansion or uplinks)
GENC-E
GENC-F (ITSC)
32

> The GENC card is a general facility card and is a field-replaceable unit . Its main functionality is to
provide connectivity and distribution for power feeds and external alarms
> The GENC is a plug-in unit that performs as stated above multiple functions in which also additional
optical Gigabit Ethernet connectivity for the 7330 FTTN ISAM 4-LT-slot host shelf and remote units
(REM).
> In total the GENC card provides 14 additional optical Gigabit Ethernet connectors to supplement the
connectors provided on the ECNT card.
On the GENC-E card faceplate, the first two optical ports (ports 4 and 5) are reserved for network
connections (uplinks).
Ports 6 and 7 are configurable as either uplinks or as expansion links (downlinks). The other 10
ports are expansion ports. It is possible to have up to 12 expansion links connected to remote
expansion units for each host shelf since each shelf has one GENC card.
> ITSC: Integrated Test and Sealing Current
The ITSC module is present as a daughter card of the GENC-F. The ITSC module is used to
perform narrowband tests and provide sealing current on customer lines. The ITSC module replaces
external test heads by providing:
a reduced-suite of narrowband tests to the customer
the ability to apply sealing current for dry (non POTS) lines.

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ACU alarm Control unit in 7302 ISAM-XD


7302 ISAM-XD
PSTN

collection of equipment
alarms (fans, fuses, )
customer external alarms

NT I/O
4 x FE/GE
elec or
GE optical

LT

P
S

drive alarm lamps in TRU


connection to craft terminal
Ethernet interface

NT

.
.
.

ACU
ACU

LT

not to be used for out-band


management

P
S

one ACU/ISAM system

Craft Terminal

33

> For the 7302 ISAM-XD the alarm control module is placed on a specific board, the ACU (alarm
Control unit) board.
> You need one ACU board in each 7302 ISAM-XD system. It takes care of the following functions:
collect equipment alarms from rack and sends them to the NT. These alarms are FAN
alarms, fuse alarms, power alarms, external customer definable alarms
the ACU sends its alarms to the network termination board, which transfers these signals to
the element management system (5523 AWS).
allows to connect a craft terminal using an RS232 (ACU in main rack)
drive rack alarm lamps and provides visual alarm indications via LEDs
> The ACU handles input and output alarm information via a cable connection to the top rack unit
(TRU):
20 input signals of which 10 are spare alarm inputs
20 output signals for audible, visual and telemetry alarms
> The RJ-45 port on the AACU-C card is not available for use on the ISAM.

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2010 Alcatel-Lucent., All rights reserved

ACU Alarm Control Unit in 7302 ISAM XD


inserted in the leftmost slot of the splitterless shelf
(ALTS-T)
five LEDs to indicate different levels of fault conditions
ACO/lamp test push button switch

craft interface
9-pin D-connector

Ethernet connection
RJ-45 for out-band mgmt
cannot be used

one ACU/ISAM system

AACU-C
34

> Five LEDs to indicate fault conditions


Critical red
Major red
Minor yellow
alarm local red
ACO active green
> Same ACU as for ASAM
> RJ45 for outband management cannot be used interfaces only to DSL boards not to the
Service Hub

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2010 Alcatel-Lucent., All rights reserved

PWIO Power Input/output


Craft terminal

7330 ISAM XD
FTTN host
Power

external test
equipment

PWIO

SMAS
2+ 2 optical

ACU

Connectivity to ACU module:


Collection of 5 customer
external alarms
Craft terminal connectivity

TAU
10 + 2 optical

expansion link

GENC

LT

P
S

.
.
.

NT

LT

ASAM link

LT P
S

P
S

PSTN

alarm lamps on PWIO driven


by ACU

Connectivity to TAU module


SMAS module
Power

35

> The power module and the SMAS module in the 7330 ISAM FTTN-XD equipment practice can
be found on the PWIO board.
> The main purpose of the PWIO is to provide power to the other units in the ARAM-D shelf,
including the fan unit, and to provide connectivity for a wide range of inputs and outputs for the
ARAM-D shelf. Most of the inputs and outputs are for the GENC.
> The main electrical power entry via redundant power feeds A and B happens on the PWIO. The
PWIO processes electrical power output for other cards in the shelf and for the fan tray.
> External alarm, MTA, and craft terminal connections are made on the PWIO card However the
ACU and the TAU unit itself is placed on the GENC board.

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2010 Alcatel-Lucent., All rights reserved

PWIO in 7330 FTTN XD


Installed in ARAM-D
Field replaceable

Connectivity for
Power
External alarms
MTA
Craft Terminal

PWIO-B
36

> The PWIO board provides:


connectivity for external alarm, MTA, and craft terminal connections
provides connectivity for five general-purpose alarm inputs
provides connectivity for AC failure alarm input
provides connectivity for MTA up and down
provides local connectivity for a craft terminal
LEDs giving status information/control information
provides LEDs indicating alarm, fan, MTA, and power status
provides an alarm cut-off and a visual display of alarm cut-off
SMAS functionality: the system MAC-address is stored in a remote inventory prom on the
PWIO card.
> The following additional connectors are on the PWIO-B card, but they are not available for use:
out-of-band management over Ethernet
fan and fuse
ETSI BITS
> Two variants of the card are available: one provides connectivity for six user-definable external
alarm inputs and the other provides connectivity for three user-definable external alarm inputs
and critical, major, and minor alarm outputs. Both variants provide an AC failure input, MTA
connectivity, and a connection for a craft terminal.
> The PWIO board is seen as a integral part of the ARAM-D shelf and is normally delivered
together with the shelf.

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SMAS System MAC Address Storage card 7302 XD


located on the XD splitterless shelf (ALTS-T)
next to slot 16
contains only a remote inventory
contains the MAC address of the shelf
NT public MAC address

without SMAS the ISAM doesn't come online


SMAS is delivered with XD splitterless shelf

SMAS

37

> On the SMAS-card the MAC-addresses of the NT/service hub that will be used for management,
are stored. When the system boots, the service hub gets its MAC-address(es) from the SMAScard. The 24 MAC-addresses for each port on the SHUB, are stored on the PROM of the SMAScard.
The reason why the MAC-addresses are stored on a separate card, that only contains a remote
inventory of the ISAM shelf, is that if it would be on the NT and the NT would fail, the network
might have trouble. The MAC-address will have been learned and if you replace the failing NT
by another one, a new MAC-address would have to be learned. What if the old arp-entry first has
to age? (e.g. a delay of 5 minutes). With the MAC-addresses on the SMAS card, any NT will get
the same MAC-addresses after replacement, so the switches in the network dont need to learn
any new MAC-addresses from the NTs.
> The SMAS card as depicted on the slide is only used in 7302 ISAM CO XD.
For 7330 FTTN XD, the SMAS functionality is integrated on the PWIO card.

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General architecture
7342
FTTU

NT Network Termination
provides connection to
network
dedicated links to the LTs

LT

LT Line Termination
provides connection to
subscribers

.
.
.

NT

ACU

each LT has its own dedicated


link towards the NT

ACU Alarm Control Unit

LT

38

GLT4_1

EHNT_1

GLT4_2
NT-NT redundancy
HW ready
for 1:1
red.

EHNT_2

GLT4_14

Remote craft Local craft


ACU
Remote Enet Local Enet
PWR conn.

Fan conn.

3FL00276_A Ed 03

ALRM conn.

38

EXT BITS

SMAC

2010 Alcatel-Lucent., All rights reserved

General architecture
7342
FTTU

NT Network Termination
provides connection to
network
dedicated links to the LTs

LT

LT Line Termination
provides connection to
subscribers

.
.
.

NT

ACU

each LT has its own dedicated


link towards the NT

ACU Alarm Control Unit

LT

39

GLT4_1

EHNT_1

GLT4_2
NT-NT redundancy
HW ready
for 1:1
red.

EHNT_2

GLT4_14

Remote craft Local craft


ACU
Remote Enet Local Enet
PWR conn.

Fan conn.

3FL00276_A Ed 03

ALRM conn.

39

EXT BITS

SMAC

2010 Alcatel-Lucent., All rights reserved

EHNT-B Network termination unit


layer 2 switching
48 GbE switching matrix
room for up to 16000 MAC address entries
hardware assisted aging

interfacing to LTs
eHCL links

interfacing to network
4 x 1 GigE SFP port
1 x 10 GigE XFP port

NT-to-NT link
1 x HiGig (10 GigE) XFP port
via backpanel

new backpanel connectors


operates in new shelf only

40

> Communicates with the LTs using eHCL or XAUI interface.


> The EHNT-A cards provide two basic network interfaces to the network. The interfaces can be
supported by one to four 1-GE SFP optical modules or a single 10-GE XFP optical module.
Applications can use any combination of pluggable optical modules to provide network
connectivity.
> The typical application uses either the 1-GE ports or the single 10-GE port, not a mixture of 1-GE
and 10-GE ports.
> --> Be aware: the NT cards are not shipped with the optical modules installed: these are separate,
orderable items, see next page!
> --> The NT card supports Ethernet high-capacity link (eHCL) buses to LT cards. The card contains a
48 Gb/s layer 2 switch. The P-OLT can be configured to have a primary and secondary NT card
for load sharing.
> The NT card provides two basic network interfaces to the network. The interfaces can be
supported by a maximum of four 1-GE small form-factor pluggable (SFP) optical modules or a
single 10-GE small form-factor pluggable (XFP) optical module. Applications can use any
combination of pluggable optical modules to provide network connectivity.
> An electrical 10-GE XFP interface is used for interconnection between the redundant NT cards.
The interface is preassembled with two 10-GE XFP modules that are connected with an electrical
cable.
> --> The O&M port LEDs on the EHNT-B card, indicate the out-of-band management traffic activity on the
ACU card (indicated by RX LED).
> --> Fibers pointing down: less sensitive to dust
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EXNT-A Network termination unit


layer 2 switching
200 GbE switching matrix
hardware assisted aging

interfacing to LTs
XAUI links

interfacing to network
2 x 1 GigE SFP port
2 x 10 GigE XFP port

NT-to-NT link
4 x HiGig (10 GigE) XFP port
via backpanel

new backpanel connectors


operates in new shelf only

41

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SFP and XFP modules


they provide for optical termination and processing
for full-duplex GbE or 10 GbE interfaces

they mount on the NT unit


they interface with the network via LC connectors

SFP modules 1 GbE interfaces


1310

and 1550 nm

XFP modules 10 GbE interfaces


850

and 1550 nm

42

> The NT cards are not shipped with the optical modules installed. The optical modules are items
which have to be ordered separately which have their own product code.

Description

Wavelength (nm)

Reach (Miles/Km)

Duplex Mode

GbE SFP, multimode, not


temperature hardened

850

0.55/0.89

Full

GbE SFP, single mode,


temperature hardened

1310

6.21/10

Full

GbE SFP, single mode,


temperature hardened

1310

24.86/40

Full

GbE SFP, single mode, not


temperature hardened

1310

49.71/80

Full

GbE SFP, single mode,


temperature hardened

1550

49.71/80

Full

10 GbE XFP, single mode, not


temperature hardened

850

0.19/0.3

Full

10 GbE XFP, single mode, not


temperature hardened

1550

24.86/40

Full

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2010 Alcatel-Lucent., All rights reserved

GLT4-A Line termination unit


layer 2 switching
on board ethernet switch

interfacing to NTs
eHCL links
XAUI links

interfacing to subscribers
4 x PON interface
SC connectors downwards
1 PON = 64 subscribers

G.984.x compliant
2.4 Gb/s optical line rate downstream
1.2 Gb/s optical line rate upstream

new backpanel connectors


operates in new shelf only

43

XAUI (a concatenation of the Roman numeral X, meaning ten, and the initials of "Attachment Unit
Interface") is a standard for connecting 10 Gigabit Ethernet (10GbE) ports to each other and to
other electronic devices on a printed circuit board.
--eHCL and XAUI links:
FGU4.4.10: utilizes up to two Ethernet-based 2 GE
eHCL backplane links for point-to-point connectivity
between the four PON interfaces and the EHNT-B
FGU4.5.10: EXNT will enable operation over 10 GE XUI

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AACU-C Alarm control unit


LEDs to indicate different levels of fault conditions
ACO/lamp test push button switch

serial interface
9-pin D-connector
serial craft interface

Ethernet interface
RJ45 connector
untagged ethernet traffic only
out-band mgmt
Ethernet craft interface

one ACU per system/shelf

AACU-C
44

> Five LEDs to indicate fault conditions


Critical red
Major red
Minor yellow
Alarm local red
ACO active green
> Same ACU as for ASAM/ISAM
> RJ45 ethernet interface: supported since 4.2
> Installed in each P-OLT shelf.
> --> The ACU card performs alarm control function for each shelf. The ACU card provides alarm
indication for CO alarms, telemetry alarms, and rack-level alarms.
> The alarm indication are visual as well as audible. The ACU card provides two RS-232 local craft
ports and two Ethernet ports for operations and maintenance activities. One craft port and one
Ethernet port are located at the ACU front panel. The other craft port and Ethernet port are
located on the backplane of the OLT shelf.
> --> EMC compatibility is only guaranteed with AC variant!

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2010 Alcatel-Lucent., All rights reserved

OLTS-M POLT shelf


Optical Line Terminating Shelf
includes BITS-B and SMAC
present in connector area

LSM area mounting slots


1 x ACU
2 x NT-unit
14 x LT-unit

mountable
19 rack
600 mm rack
mounting brackets!

amount of subscribers
3584 per shelf (1:64 split)

45

> Also known as OLTS Optical Line Termination Shelf


> --> CO = Central Office
> CEV = Controlled Environment Vault

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2010 Alcatel-Lucent., All rights reserved

ATRU-U Top rack unit


rack powering

alarm functions

for up to 2 P-OLT shelves

collection

two power braches (A/B)

display
distribution

circuit breakers CB
3 for board protection

to CO
to ACU

3 for fan protection

earth bonding point

to power
branches

conn. point for ESD wrist strap

circuit
breakers
46

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AFAN-S Fan unit


forced air cooling
eight fans

alarm interface board


alarm information to a top rack unit

front panel visual indication


lighted ALARM LED if a fan fails

enhanced reliability and cooling equipment redundancy


compensation for a failed fan by speeding up its associated
partner unit

power switch
remove power for servicing

replaceable dust filter


47

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ALTR-E Rack configuration


Top Rack Unit

Alarm Control Unit

NT Card

LT Card

Fan Unit
Alarm Control Unit

NT Card

LT Card

Fan Unit
48

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eHCL backpanel mode


backpanel tracks
eHCL 1Gbps Ethernet p2p links
XAUI 10Gbps Ethernet p2p links
10Gbps

Control

1Gbps

LT

eHCL
2 * 1Gbps

Packet Processing/
GPON MAC

10Gbps

1Gbps

48G
NT

Processor

Packet Processing/
GPON MAC

10 Gbps

48G
NT

Optics

GPON
#1

2.4 G
max

Optics

GPON
#2

2.4 G
max

Optics

GPON
#3

2.4 G
max

Optics

eHCL
2 * 1Gbps

GPON
#4

2.4 G
max

GLT4-A

4G aggregate
49

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XAUI backpanel mode


backpanel tracks
eHCL 1Gbps Ethernet p2p link
XAUI 10Gbps Ethernet p2p link
10Gbps

10Gbps
1Gbps

Processor

Packet Processing/
GPON MAC

4 x 10 Gbps

Control

1Gbps

LT

XAUI
10 Gbps

200G
NT

Packet Processing/
GPON MAC

200G
NT

XAUI
10 Gbps

2.4 G
max

Optics

GPON
#1

Optics

GPON
#2

2.4 G
max

Optics

GPON
#3

2.4 G
max

Optics

GPON
#4

2.4 G
max

GLT4-A

20G aggregate
50

> Between the NTs there are 4 10-GE links, but currently only 2 of them are enabled.

EHNT-B

EXNT-A

GLT2-B

eHCL

Not suppt

GLT2-C

eHCL

ANSI

GLT4-A

eHCL

XAUI

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2010 Alcatel-Lucent., All rights reserved