---------------------------------------------------------------| | | | | Digital Equipment Corporation | | | | M M A CCCC RRRRRR OOOOO 1 1 | | MM MM A A C C R R O O 11 11 | | M M M M A A C R R O O 1 1 | | M M M AAAAAAA C RRRRRR O O XXX 1 1 | | M M A A C R

R O O 1 1 | | M M A A C C R R O O 1 1 | | M M A A CCCC R R OOOOO 111 111 | | | | General PDP-11 MACRO-11 Assembler | | Symbol, Directive and Error Summary | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |XXXXXXXX XXXXXXXX XXXXXXXX XXXXXXXX XXXXXXXX XXXXXXXX XXXXXXXX| |XXXXXXXX XXXXXXXX XXXXXXXX XXXXXXXX XXXXXXXX XXXXXXXX XXXXXXXX| |XXXXX X XXX XXX XXXXXXXX XXX XXX XX XXXX XXXXXXXX XXX XXX| |XXXXX X XXXXXXXX XXXXXXXX XXXXXXXX XX XXXX XXXXXXXX XXX XXX| |XX X XXX XXX XX XX XXX XXX X XXX XX XX XXX XXX| |X XX X XXX XXX X XX X XXX XXX XX XXXX XXXXX X XXX XXX| |X XX X XXX XXX X XX X XXX XXX XX XXXX XX X XXX XXX| |X XX X XXX XXX X XX X XXX XXX XX XXXX X XX X XXX XXX| |XX X XXX XXX XX X XXX XXX XXX XX XX X XXX XXX| |XXXXXXXX XXXXXXXX XXXXX X XXXXXXXX XXXXXXXX XXXXXXXX XXXXXXXX| |XXXXXXXX XXXXXXXX XX XX XXXXXXXX XXXXXXXX XXXXXXXX XXXXXXXX| |XXXXXXXX XXXXXXXX XXXXXXXX XXXXXXXX XXXXXXXX XXXXXXXX XXXXXXXX| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |

| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |Written by Jonathan Bowen | | Programming Research Group | | Oxford University Computing Laboratory | | 8-11 Keble Road | | Oxford OX1 3QD | | England | | | | Tel +44-865-273840 | | | |Created September 1981 | |Updated April 1985 | |Issue 1.5 Copyright (C) J.P.Bowen 1985| ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|Symbol/Directive |Description | |---------------------+----------------------------------------| | CR,LF |Line terminator [1]| | FF |Page terminator [1]| | SP |Item terminator or field terminator | | HT |Item terminator or field terminator | | VT |Source line terminator | | : |Label terminator | | :: |Global label terminator | | = |Direct assignment operator | | == |Global direct assignment operator | | % |Register term indicator | | # |Immediate expression indicator | | @ |Deferred addressing indicator | | ( |Initial register indicator | | ) |Terminal register indicator | | , |Operand field separator | | ; |Comment field indicator | | + |Arithmetic addition or auto-increment | | |Arithmetic subtraction or auto-decrement| | * |Arithmetic multiplication | | / |Arithmetic division | | & |Logical AND | | ! |Logical inclusive OR | | " |Double ASCII character indicator | | ' |Single ASCII character or concatenation | | . |Assembly location counter | | < |Initial argument indicator | | > |Terminal argument indicator | | ^ |Unary operator or argument indicator | | \ |Macro call numeric argument indicator | |---------------------+----------------------------------------| |.ASCII /string/ |ASCII string | |.ASCIZ /string/ |ASCII string with Zero byte terminator | |.ASECT |Absolute Section |

|.BLKB exp |Block Bytes (8-bit) | |.BLKW exp |Block Words (16-bit) | |.BYTE exp(s) |Byte(s) (8-bit) | |.CSECT (name) |Relocatable program Section | |.DSABL arg |Disable function [3]| |.ENABL arg |Enable function [3]| |.END (exp) |End of program (and start address) | |.ENDC |End Conditional assembly | |.ENDM (name) |End Macro definition or repeat block | |.ENDR |End Repeat block | |.EOT |End Of Tape (ignored) | |.ERROR exp ;text |User-invoked Error | |.EVEN |Set current location to Even address | |.FLT2 arg(s) |2-word Floating Point number(s) [1]| |.FLT4 arg(s) |4-word Floating Point number(s) [1]| |.GLOBL sym(s) |Global symbol(s) | |.IDENT /string/ |Identity string (up to 6 radix-50 chars)| |.IF cond,arg |If condition true then assemble code [4]| |.IFF |If last condition False assemble code | |.IFT |If last condition True assemble code | |.IFTF |If last cond True or False assemble code| |.IIF cond,arg,stat|Immediate conditional assembly [4]| |.IRP sym,<arg(s)> |Indefinite Repeat block | |.IRPC sym,<string> |Indefinite Repeat block | |.LIMIT |Reserve 2 words for program Limits | |.LIST (arg) |Enable Listing (option) [5]| |.MACRO name(,arg(s))|Macro name (and parameter(s)) | |.MCALL arg(s) |Macro Call system macro(s) | |.MEXIT |Exit Macro or indefinite repeat block | |.NARG sym |Equate Number of macro Arguments [2]| |.NCHR sym,<string> |Equate Number of Characters in a string | |.NLIST (arg) |Disable Listing (option) [5]| |.NTYPE sym,aexp |Equate addressing mode Type (6-bit) [2]| |.ODD |Set current location to Odd address | |.PAGE |Skip Page in assembly listing | |.PRINT exp ;text |User-invoked message | |.PSECT name(,arg(s))|Program Section (and attributes) [6]| |.RADIX n |Set program Radix (n=2,8,10, default=8) | |.RAD50 /string/ |Radix 50 string (space,A-Z,$,.,?,0-9) | |.REPT exp |Repeat lines | |.SBTTL string |Subtitle | |.TITLE string |Title | |.WORD exp(s) |Word(s) (16-bit) | ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|Symbol/Error |Description | |---------------------+----------------------------------------| | <...> |Expression precedence or macro argument | | ^x...x | ditto | | x...x |Character string (x not <, = or ;) | | 'x |ASCII form of 1 character (8-bit) | | "xx |ASCII form of 2 characters (16-bit) | | ^Bn |Binary number | | ^Cexp |Complement of expression | | ^Dn |Decimal number | | n. | ditto | | ^Fn |Floating-point number (16-bit) [1]| | ^On |Octal number |

| ^Rxxx |Radix-50 form of 3 characters (16-bit) | |---------------------+----------------------------------------| | CR |ASCII carriage return (Octal 15) | | FF |ASCII form feed (Octal 14) | | LF |ASCII line return (Octal 12) | | SP |ASCII space character (Octal 40) | | HT |ASCII tab character (Octal 11) | | VT |ASCII vertical tab character (Octal 13) | |---------------------+----------------------------------------| | aexp |Addressing mode expression | | arg |Argument | | cond |Condition | | exp |Constant expression | | n |Number | | name |Name | | stat |Statement | | string |String of ASCII characters | | sym |Symbol | | text |Any text string | | x |Single ASCII character | | (s) |Optional continuation of argument list | | ... |Any string | |---------------------+----------------------------------------| | [1] |Not applicable on all assemblers | | [2] |May only be used in macro definitions | | [3] |arg = (ABS/AMA/CDR/CRF/FPT/LC/LSB/PNC/ | | | REG/GLB) | | [4] |cond = (EQ/NE/GT/LE/LT/GE/DF/NDF/B/NB/ | | | IDN/DIF/Z/NZ/G/L) | | [5] |arg = (SEQ/LOC/BIN/BEX/SRC/COM/MD/MC/ | | | ME/MEB/CND/LD/TOC/SYM/TTM) | | [6] |args = (RO/RW, I/D, GBL/LCL, ABS/REL, | | | CON/OVR) | |---------------------+----------------------------------------| | A |Assembly error | | B |Bounding error | | D |Doubly-defined symbol referenced | | E |End directive not found | | I |Illegal character detected | | L |Line length greater than 132 characters | | M |Multiple definition of a label | | N |Number with digit not in current radix | | O |Opcode error | | P |Phase error | | Q |Questionable syntax | | R |Register-type error | | T |Truncation error | | U |Undefined symbol | | Z |Instruction error | |--------------------------------------------------------------| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |

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