December 2007

CAMBODIA Trivani Foundation has partnered with Sustainable Cambodia; an organization dedicated to the sustainable development of under-developed villages in Cambodia. Their focus is on education, health, and micro-enterprise. • Kravanh Primary School Construction: Trivani Foundation is happy to announce the near completion of the Kravanh Primary School. As per Sustainable Cambodia’s projected schedule, the school should be refurbished by the end of this month. • Primary School Teacher: Trivani has provided subsidy for the employment of a primary school teacher in the Kravanh district. This is a crucial step in our student sponsor program—prior to Trivani’s involvement, the Kravanh community was unable to pay a teacher’s salary.

ETHIOPIA Trivani is mainly focusing on child sponsorship in Ethiopia with the help of our country manager Melaku. • Taget Primary School: Trivani has paid the tuition for twenty-seven students in the Taget Primary School to attend school all year. Also, we have donated funds for school uniforms and books for these students. This is very exciting because these children’s families are too poor to afford tuition. Had Trivani not supplied funding for their schooling, these students would not be attending school this year.

Inside this issue:

Trivani Foundation 2007 YearEnd Updates More Foundation Year-End Updates More Foundation Year-End Updates Country Context—Nepal!





Chitwan Medical 5 Center, Nepal / Chitwan “Fun to Know Facts” Nepal’s Bishnu Adhikar: The Value of Child Sponsorship! 6

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NEPAL In association with the child sponsorship program we have engaged in other, school-based efforts. • Sanskriti Sudan School: In collaboration with the Sanskriti community, Trivani has built two classrooms as additions to a very over-crowded, poorly-built school. With these two classrooms, students will have more space, better light and safer conditions, which allows for a richer educational experience and more opportunities for learning and growth. • Neta School: With the help of the Leslie Dee Ann Foundation, CHOICE Humanitarian, and the Neta community, the Neta Primary School is finished. This school is a six classroom school and will give hundreds of students opportunities for a better learning environment and learning experience. KENYA In addition to the child sponsorshop program, Trivani has participated in many school-related projects. • Ndohivyo Village: We have sent funds for twenty desks to be built. Each desk is made to sit three students, so we have provided enough desks for sixty students. Before these desks were built, these sixty students were sitting on the floor. • Mdomo Village: Trivani has finished three classrooms in the Mdomo Primary School. These classrooms were the finishing measure of the school’s completion, and are a joint effort with the Mdomo community and CHOICE Humanitarian. Teachers will no longer be required to teach 100 students at a time, and classes will not be held under the shade/protection of a tree, or canceled due to inclement weather. Instead, students will attend classes indoors, in a clean, safe environment.

UGANDA In sponsoring the orphans of Asayo’s Wish Foundation, we are also able to engage in other projects of relief that benefit our sponsored students. • Most Recent Contribution: Trivani has funded a feeding program for the orphans of Asayo’s Wish for the months of October, November, and December. In addition to feeding these children, we have also donated funds for matron support. Such support provides emotional, psychological, and even physical care for the children. In this way, Trivani is not only able to provide material aid for Asayo’s Wish orphans, but also emotional and psychological care. • Child Sponsorship Program: Currently, we have 25,000 students waiting to be sponsored in the Kabermaido District. At the moment, we have agreed to sponsor 1,000 of these students but need more distributors in order to take on more students!

Megan with class previously held outdoors

Matron support for orphans

New Mdomo indoor classrooms

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PHILIPPINES Trivani had collaborated with Desert International to organize surgical screenings with the hope of conducting more corrective surgeries. • Surgical Screenings: Trivani has organized two surgical screenings in Lapu-Lapu City, assessing the needs of over 150 people. These people now have the opportunity to qualify for free surgeries.
As Chad’s photos document, these surgeries have immeasurable, life-changing effects.

PROJECT TYPES: Child Sponsorship (see story on Bishnu, Pg. 6) Kenya • 4,000 students—4,500 students waiting for sponsorship! • Schools: Fuleye, Mgalani, Chengoni, Sambura, Bahakwenu, Mwaraphesa, and Silaloni Primary Schools Ethiopia • 100 students • School: Taget Primary School Nepal • 2,000 students • Schools: Global Vision, San Skriti Sadan Archaleni, Shanti Sadan, Janapriya, Saubhagya Sadan Dhuseni, Vidya Jyoti Khahare, Panini Sanskrit, and Panini Primary Schools Uganda • 300 students—25,000 students waiting for sponsorship! • School: Asayo’s Wish Orphanage Cambodia • 250 students • School: Kravanh Primary School Environmental • Four biogas digesters in Nepal Medical • Over 600 surgeries in the Philippines • Cataract Clinic (under construction) • Women’s Center (under construction) Micro-Credit • 5 loans to Yehu women School Construction • Passachuar Primary School—Passachuar,Nepal (finshed!) • Jana Priya Primary School—Neta, Nepal (finished!) • Kravanh Primary School—Kravanh, Cambodia (nearly finished!) • Chicomani Primary School—Mheniyenzeni, Kenya • Domo Primary School—Samburu, Kenya

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Nepal is a landlocked nation in South Asia, bordering Tibet to the north and India to the south, east and west. For a relatively small country, the Nepali landscape is uncommonly diverse, featuring three major regions: the humid Terai in the south, the Hill region in the center, and the lofty Himalayas in the north. Nepal boasts eight of the world's ten highest mountains, including Mount Everest. Kathmandu is the capital and largest city. Nepal is roughly the same size as the U.S. state of Arkansas or the country of England. Its landlocked location, technological backwardness, and long-running civil war have prevented Nepal from fully developing its economy. Most houses in rural Nepal are made up of a tight bamboo framework with mud and cow-dung walls and corrugated tin roofs. These dwellings remain cool in summers and retain warmth in winters. A typical Nepalese meal is dal-bhat, a kind of a lentil soup served with rice and vegetables. Chura (beaten rice), meat, eggs, and fish are also eaten. Nepal's workforce of about 10 million suffers from a severe shortage of skilled labor. Agriculture employs 81% of the workforce.
Photo of Terai region taken on Chad and Megan’s recent trip to Nepal—this area is where the Passachuar School is located.

Nepal had previously been the world's only Hindu state, with over eighty percent of the people following this faith. However, Nepal became a secular state in May of 2006. Differences between Hindus and Buddhists have been, in general, very subtle and academic in nature due to the intermingling of Hindu and Buddhist beliefs. Both share common temples and worship common deities. Stupas, originally simple funerary monuments to Buddha, have evolved into elaborate objects of religious veneration. Contemporary stupas are large hemispherical mounds with various features atop, such as this harmika. Stupas display the all-seeing eyes of Adi-Buddha (primordial Budha) on all four sides of the edifice, staring in the four cardinal directions.
Megan and Chad ‘s photo of the Swayambhunath stupa in Kathmandu.

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The need for adequate healthcare in Nepal, in both the urban and rural areas, has been a growing concern for many years. Currently, the Nepalese healthcare system fails to provide sufficient general and specialized healthcare services, properly trained professionals, and medical institutions necessary to meet the growing needs of the Nepalese population. Trivani Foundation is pleased to announce its collaborative role in a major thrust to rectify this problem; the Chitwan Medical School, Teaching Hospital, and Research Center [CMC(P)Ltd.] is to be built in the Chitwan district of Nepal. CMC will satisfy the growing need and demand for quality healthcare by creating a fully accredited, world-class international medical school and teaching hospital. CMC will accomplish its mission through the following objectives: 1. Provide world-class medical education, advanced medical degrees, and tropical medicine research 2. Provide a full range of high quality medical services (including specialty medical services unique to Nepal and neighboring countries, such as India and Bangladesh) 3. Strengthen doctors’ commitment to provide services to the impoverished communities of Nepal through the volunteer Humanitarian Outreach Program 4. Promote international doctor to doctor skills transfer program 5. Implement “Green Technology,” which will provide a sustainable source of power, water, and waste management Chitwan district is the best location in the country from both the density of population and access to the facility prospectives. About 4.3 million people live in the area (a 80-120 km radius) and existing district hospitals and primary health care centers can provide service to only one fourth of the people there. Funding for the Center will be provided by two principle sources: participating doctor’s investments and international investors. Twenty-five Nepalese doctors and professionals will invest approximately 4 million U.S. dollars or 29% of the total required start-up capital. International investors will invest approximately 9.83 million U.S. dollars or 71% of the total required start-up capital. A four year roll-out is estimated for completion of the facility, however, student admissions and hospital services will be offered by the end of year two. Trivani will be contributing medical supplies once medical services begin. We are proud to have the opportunity to participate in such a worthwhile and significant venture.

Chitwan District—”Fun-to-Know Facts”
Chitwan, one of the seventy-five districts of Nepal, sits at the foot of the Himalayas in south, central Nepal. It is one of the few remaining undisturbed vestiges of the Terai region. District headquarters is Bahratpur, the seventh largest city in the country. Bharatpur is the commercial and service center for higher education, health, and transportation in the region. Chitwan is famous in Nepal for its production of mustard, used to make mustard oil. It also produces 70% of the country’s poultry, and is known for its floriculture, bee farming, and mushroom cultivation. The district is the site of Nepal’s oldest national park, the Royal Chitwan National Park. The park is home to at least 43 species of mammals, 450 species of birds, and 45 species of amphibians and reptiles. One of the last populations of single-horned Indian rhinoceros lives there, as well as panthers, leopards, crocodiles, pythons, sloth bears, mongoose, monkeys, hyenas, jackals, civets, and linsangs. The park is also one of the last refuges of the Royal Bengal tiger.

Elephant-Rhino safari in Royal Chitwan Nat’l Park

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Bishnu Adhikari is the poster-child of child sponsorship. He grew up in the remote village of Okelhpani in the Annapurna Mountain range of Nepal. A reality for many in this mountainous region—Bishnu had to walk over an hour each direction to attend the primary school which was located atop a mountain above his home. Between working long hours in the rice paddies, cutting grain for his family, and collecting wood for the home fire and wood-burning stove, Bishnu excelled in school and consistently placed among the top in his class. Unfortunately, Nepalese public education beyond primary school is not free and Bishnu’s family did not possess the financial resources necessary to continue his education. Luckily, he was adopted into a school sponsorship program, allowing him to continue attending school beyond primary level. His interest in the sciences led him to pursue a degree in engineering—Bishnu went to Russia, where he attended university and obtained a bachelor's degree in engineering. Upon graduation, he returned to his hometown of Oklehpani where he began his tireless efforts to give back to his community, help in the development of his village, and improve its education system. Bishnu created and kindled relationships with village leaders. He mobilized entire communities. He worked to instill a vision of hope, growth, progress, and a life made easier with a few simple changes. The village members believed in Bishnu and took his vision to heart. Sadly, Bishnu's stay in Oklehpani was short lived. The danger of the Maoist insurgency and civil unrest led Bishnu to seek refuge in Kathmandu. He was displaced for several years, but never forgot the villages of his childhood, the rice paddies where he labored most mornings in his youth, and the long treks to primary school when he was young. His vision of development for Nepal was unshakable; he knew he had to return sometime and complete what he had started. Eventually Bishnu made his way to the United States where he completed a Master's degree in Civil Engineering at Monterey, California. He was an enormous success in his program and learned innovative, yet simple, technologies that could change the daily labors of entire communities. He learned of the invaluable economical, environmental, and house-hold benefits of biogas, and of simple construction techniques that could provide light and warmth to a dismal and dark classroom. With this new found expertise and enough time passing from the Maoist uprisings, Bishnu teamed up with CHOICE Humanitarian and Trivani Foundation (as our country manager), and began development work once again in Okelhpani and neighboring villages. Since then, Bishnu's impact has been unmeasurable. He has organized and aided in the development and graduation of several villages. He leads the cutting edge in developmental engineering technology. He is changing the standard of living in countless Nepalese homes. Bishnu credits much of his opportunity to the child sponsorship program; had he not been given a hand up on the ladder of life through child-sponsorship, his many accomplishments would not have been realized. He is truly an inspiration to us all; he has shown us what is possible through the efforts and support of child sponsorship. Bishnu’s dedication to serve his people and improve their lives can teach us what it means to be a true humanitarian. We are very fortunate to be working with him.

Chad with Bishnu (in front) in Passachuar, Nepal