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ANSWER KEY

An kara , 2006

Compiled, Edited and Prepared by

Canset Cezair[io/J[u 'Iiir{an aruf iJecmiye 'Iiir{an

TEXT 1 SONIA AND SAM


A.
1. Sam's
2.

Ted and Jane

B.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

It's in New Jersey


He's a doctor
Because she works (for a large company) in New York City/ there
(She goes to work) by train
(He lives) with his wife, Maria
(She lives) in Alaska
They work in the garden

D.
1. T

2.

3. F

TEXT 2 Los ANGELES


A.
1. Venice Beach
2. the Sunset Strip (, an area in Hollywood with famous clubs)
3. Van Go's Ear

B.
1.

2.

3. F

C.
1.

2.

(It is) sunny.


(It is famous) (for) (cooking) the most delicious Mexican dishes in LA.

TEXT 3 COMPUTERS AND GIRLS


A.
1. girls use computers less than boys
2. (the) people
B.
1. computer science classes

2.

less computer ability (than)

3. confident
4. (vety) often

C.
1. ([hat) they find them incredibly boring.
2. (Because) otherwise they will not be able to compete effectively with men in the
job market (in the 21st century) or
To compete effectively with men in the job mat'ket (in the 21st century).

TEXT 4 DIFFERENT COUNTRIES, DIFFERENT EATING HABITS


A.
1. Brazilians
2. rice
B.
1. F

2.T

3. F

4. F

C.
1. fast foodl sausages and pizza

2.

beer

D.
1. (very late) at about ten o'clock at night
2. strong coffee, fruit drinks and beer
TEXT

5 THE AMISH

A.
2. F

l.F

3. F

4. T

5. T

B.
1.

2.

(fhey speak) their own language


(Because) they (all) wear the same style of clothes

TEXT
A.
1. F

6 THE MAN WITH THE GLOVES


2.F

3. F

5. F

4. T

B.
1.
2.

(He has) papers, books, (several pairs of) gloves (in his briefcase)
To look for poor people with cold hands

TEXT 7 THE STATUE OF LIBERTY


A.
1. in the crown
2. [he museum (in the pedestal)

B.
1. T

2. F

3. T

C.
1. The people of France I The French (people Igovernment) (did I gave the USA the Statue of
Liberty)
2. (The French sculptor) Frederic Auguste Bartholdi (is the designer of the Statue of Liberty)
3. (The construction of the Statue I It took) 11 years I from 1875 to 1886
4. (It took) 4 months
5. (The seven rays of the Statue's crown I They symbolize) the seven seas and seven continents
of the world
6. (Because) it's the Independence Day of America
T'EXT 8 A NEW ARTIST IN NEW YORK
A.
1. in J'viexico
2. the excitement
3. Mario Arroyo's paintings

B.
l.F

2. T

C.
1. married . . ... Brazil

5. F

4. T

3. T

2.

excellentl colorful/ exciting

TEXT

9 AN ALL-Boy BAND

A.
1. AJ and Howie

2.

album

B.
1. T

2. F

3. F

C.
1. (It had) three / 3 (members).
2. At Disney World in Orlando
3. At an audition/At one of the auditions
4. Brian Littrell, Kevin's cousin
5 . Yes, it was. They received a gold record for this album
6. (They live in) Orlando(, Florida / FL) / Florida.
TEXT

10 BUDDY HOLLY

A.

3. T

2. F

1. F

4. T

B.
1. Charles Hardin Holly
2. Because they were tired
3. (It was) cold, windy, (and it was) snowing
It was a cold and windy night. It was snowing too
TEXT 11 Turn

A.
1. the white people
B.
1.T

2.F

2.

Australian history

4. F

3. T

5. T

C.
1.
2.
3.
4.

In Alice Springs in the center of Australia


Because she is the only Aborigine in her class at university
Because she doesn't want Aboriginal children to forget their history OR
Because she wants to teach her people their history
They are about the beginning of the world, the bnd, trees and animals
They are about their history
They are about Aboriginal life

TEXT 12 NATALIE IMBRUGLIA


A.
1. Mark (Fox) / (creative director for BMG publishing)
2. (her hit song,) "Torn/ her hit song

B.
1. T

2. F

3. T

4. F

5. F

C.
(Because) she got bored 'with it
2. (Because) (she needed) to earn money
3. (He is) the former member of (the rock band) The Cure
4. (Natalie / She's made) 3 (albums)
1.

TEXT 13 CELINE DION


A.
l.F
2. T
3. T
4. T

5. F

B.
1. (Because) all her songs were in French / (Because) she sang only in French / (Because) she
didn't sing in English.
2. By sending her to an English school to learn English (and also by changing her hair style
and her physical appearance)
3. (Because) her husband had throat cancer (and she wanted to spend more time at home) .

TEXT 14 HETTY ROBINSON


A.
1.

(the) dress

2. Hetty (Robinson) and Edward (Green)

B.
l.b

2. c

C.
l.T

2. T

3. F

4. F

5. F

6. F

D.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

(Because) she made money quite easily


(fhey lived) in cheap hotels
(Because) he lost all his money
They removed it
She died of a heart attack
She argued "vith a shop assistant because of the price of a bottle of milk
He spent it (all on parties, holidays and expensive jewellery)

TEXT 15 A NEW DOWRY ITEM: THE COMPUTER


A.
1. her / Min Huang's (new) in-laws
2. a computer
3. Chinese marriage customs
4. VCRs, stereos and computers

B.
1.
2.

A computer and traditional items Oike furniture, dishes and linens)


a) To improve her professional skills
b) To connect to the Internet (at home) / to broaden her horizon
3. (They are responsible for) supplying the daily necessities
4 . (Because they wanted) to protect her from hunger and cold
5. To make her part of a new world
6. (She thinks) they are generous and intelligent

TEXT 16 MIRRORS
A.
1. breaking a mirror is bad luck
2. brass mirrors

B.
1.
2.

C.
1. T
2. F

drag
destroys

D.
1.
2.

3.

4.

learn about their future


a) (the) calm water b) (the) clear reflection
a) rough water b) distorted reflection
seers

a bowl of water
6. reflection
7. drop the bowl
S.

TEXT 17 FUTURE CITIES IN THE SEA


A.
1. Kobayashi's city

B.
1.
2.

Because they have an enormous population density / Because of their dense population
Because in K.obayashi's design some structures are securely tied to the bottom

C.
4.

1. enough land
2. afford to live / find affordable homes
3. boats that are tied close to each other

5.

6.

(several) futuristic designs for oceanic cities


N ew Venice
(built on) floating (containers)

D.
1.

TEXT 18 GOING FOR GOLD


A.
1. hundreds of men (from other civilizations)
2. pure gold
3. the largest nugget / the Holtermann Nugget
4. the USA, England and France
C.
1.T

2. F

3. F

B.
1. fascinated
2. diseases
3. nuggets
4. fields

5. F

4. T

6.T

D.
1.
2.

3.

(The first use of gold was) in tool-making


(Because)
it has more metals (but less gold) in it
it has less gold in it
it is mixed with more 1netals
the proportion of metals in it is more / higher / larger
it has the lowest amount of pure gold

Any two of the following:


a. (In 19205,) doctors in France started using gold to treat a disease called rheumatoid
a.rthri tis .
b. (In 1960s,) scientists used gold-coated nurrors to maximize infrared reflection.
c. (In 19805,) car manufacturers used gold for the metal parts of airbags.

TEXT 19 THE BEETLE


A.
1. (many) models ofVolkwagens
2. the Beetle

B.
1. T

3. F

2. F

4. T

C.
1.
2.
3.
4.
S.

increase the number of car owners


a) affordable
b) reliable
(well-known) constructor
he was afraid of Hitler
Wolfsburg car factory

D.
1.
2.
3.
4.

(Because) the Germans used the Wolfsburg car factory to make all-terrain cars and airplanes
for the army
(Because) the Beetle sales started to go down
(Because) the Beetle lost the war against technology
(Because) it is one of the most comfortable and powerful cars in Europe
The history behind it / Its history / It has a history behind it

TEXT 20 .AN UNUSUAL STYLE


1.e
2. a
3. b
4. c
5. a
TEXT 21 COLOR THERAPY
A.
1. Chromatotherapy / healing with colored lights
2. Spectro-Chrome lamps
3. red light

B.
1.T

2. T

3. F

C.
1.

They broke up the sun's rays into separate colors. / They were (specifically) designed
to break up the sun's rays into separate colors
2. The healing colors of the exotic plants and flowers found there
3. It was born when Sir Isaac Newton did his prism experiments and showed that light is
a_m.ixture of colors from the visible spectrum
4. By obselving the colors a person chooses or rejects
5. (He was trying to show) how color can affect (he nervous system
6. Because studies have shown that .it has positive effects on forms of depression

TEXT 22 CITIES IN THE SEA


A.
1. (the) sea
2. Aquapolis
3. (the) experiments

B.
l.F

2. T

3. T

C.
1.

2.

3.
4.

5.

a) Living space
b) Shelter
c) Food
d) Natural resources
By means of a species of green algae (known as chlorella) (rather than by chemical means)
OR
By using a biological waste-water system (rather than by chemical means)
They would pennit deep sea miners and their families to live near their work places on
the ocean floor.
a) (the) enormous pressure exerted by the ocean at great depths
b) (the) lack of easy access to air
They may feel isolated

TEXT 23

EQ OR IQ

A.

B.

1. embraces
2. enhance

1.
2.

qualities
women

C.
1.

2.
3.

4.

(any two) sociability / optimism / empathy


(any two)cooperation / communication / the ability to listen to others / to speak one's
mind
(can/will) learn how to understand theIr feelings
(can/v..rill) get in touch with their intuitive selves
a) (really) understand how you feel
b) analyze emotions about your work

D.
1.

2.
3.

Those who are good at motivating themselves and working within a team
Having a high IQ
Self-awareness (Understanding how one feels and analyzing emotions about one's work)

E.
1. c

2. d

TEXT 24 BGM
A.
1. fdmed events
2. purchasing situations

B.
1.
2.

3.

purchase
means
altering

C.
To show / prove that / support the idea that (,contrary to common belief,) background
music / BGM / Muzak.is not cotnposed only by second-rate composers but also composed
by world famous composers / To show that it's not new
2. The average gain of each supermarket was between $12,000 and $16,000, an increase of
nearly 40% . Because shoppers stayed in the store longer and purchased lTIOre
3. (Because) music / it may provide a form of non-verbal communication whose message
cannot be expressed in words
OR (Because) some messages cannot be measured or described in words
1.

4. It (dramatically) increases the impac t of a movie and helps people remember scenes
S. Goods / Those that reguire (th e use of) low cogni tive processes (a nd high emouonal
involvement) / not much thought but plenty of feelings (such as jewelry, sportswear,
cosmetics and beer)
Goods that do not reguire the use of high cognitive processes (but high ema uonal
involvement) reguire high emotional involvement / plenty of feelings (Goods such as)
jewelry, sportswear, cosmetics, and beer

TEXT 25 ANCIENT ARTIFACTS


A.
1 boa t
2 (the) air in the second cryp t
3. (the second) crypt

AND ANCIENT AIR

e.

B.
F
5. T
6. F

F
F
3. T

4.

1.
2.

1. b
2. d

4 . scientis ts and archeologists

T E XT 26 JUST AS GOOD AS THE ORIGINAL


A.
B.
1 d
4. e
1. c
2. g
5. a
2. d
3. b
3. b

4. a

5.
6.

b
c

TEXT 27 THE HEALING POWER OF MUSIC


A.
1. (having) a positive outlook
2. patients with neuro logical disorders who canno t talk o r move

B.
1.
2.
3.

ten slon

bout
confined

e.
1.
2.

(Because) ten years ago she had to struggle with cancer herself, and singing help ed h er relax
and take her mind 0 ff the disease
a) By giving/ It gives our minds a break (as it lets us focus on something else for a few
minutes) By letting/ It lets us focus on something else for a few minutes
b) By helping/ It helps us to co pe with daily problems more e ffec tively

D.
1.

a) help to avoid seri o us complications during illn ess


b) enhance pa tie nts' well-being
c) sho rten hospital stays
2. a) regulating blood pressure
b) respiration rates
3. produces more
4. natural pam reli evers
5. S-lg A (salivary immun oglobu lin A)

E.
1.c
TEXT 28 KWANZAA
A.
B.
1 F
1. c
2. T
2. d

e.
1. In th e U nited Sta tes / USA / US
2. T o attract children (to the festival)

VOCABULARY PRACTICE:
A.
1.b

2. d

3. a

4. c

5. e

B.

----------------

Verb

Noun
tradition

Adjective
traditional

Adverb
traditionally

cooperate

cooperation

cooperative

cooperatively

1. organizer

organized

---------------

influential

---------------

~.

organize

2. organization

influence

1.
2.

3.
4.

orgamze
cooperate
traditional
influenced

itifluence

5.
6.
7.
8.

9. organization
10. Cooperation
11. influential

orgamzers
cooperative
organ.ized
Traditionally

TEXT 29 PICKING APPLES


A.
B.
1. hours
1. fully grown
2. orchards
2. attracted
3. apples
4. apples

C.
1. T
2.

3.

F
F

D.
1.
2.
3.
4.

aroma
fresh( est) / ripe(s t) / delicious
sunshine / sun/nature
entertainment / activities

VOCABULARY PRACTICE:
B.
C.
1. worth
1. a
2. c
2. advised
3. regarding
3. c
4. removal
4. b
5. allowed
5. d
TEXT
A.
1. F
2. T

3. T
4. T
5. F

5.
6.
7.
8.

bags/containers
attached
return/go
list

D.
1. provide
2. local
3. damage
4. pr1vacy

30 MEN IN SKIRTS
B.
1. national costume
2. (big) blanket
3. wool
4. a factory owner
5. Tartan

TEXT 31 RITUALS OF MARRIAGE IN AMERICAN CULTURE


A.
1. (the) (social) ritual (which is usually performed befo re the day o f the weddin g)
2. the stag party
3. the bride and the groom I the (young) couple

B.
J. pros pective

2,

concermng

C.
1. T o help the couple set up a home

I to help in setting up a home


2. They go to a bar and talk about the good times shared with friends in the pastl Th ey have
fun with d1eir close friend s all night

VOCABULARY PRACTICE:
W o rd

Other fo rmes)

perform(v.)

performer (n.)
performance (n.)

customarily (adv.)

custom (n.)
custo mary (adjl

1.
2.

appropriate (adj .)

appropriately (adv.)

attend (v.)

attendance (n.)

loca tion (n.)

located (v.)

pros periry (n.)

prosperous (adj .)

performer
perform ance

3. perform
4. custom
5. customary

6.

cus to marily

7.

appropriately

11.
12.
13.
14.

8. appropnarc
9. attendance
10. attended

located
loca tion

prosperous
prosperity

TEXT 32 ABORIGINES
A.
B.
1. (Aborigines I They lived) in Indonesia
1. F
2. T
2 Because) Au stralia / It has no river sys tem s and i.t doesn't rain very
3. F
much
3. They hunted animals and insects (for food)
4. (There were) 600 (languages amo ng the Aborigines I them)
TEXT 33 THE SHAKERS
A.
1. The (U nified Sociery 0 f) Believe rs
2.
3.

males and fema les / Brothers and Sisters / men and women
(the)conversation between a nun and a woman

10

B.
1.F

2.

3. T

4. F

5. T

C.
1. (Because they wanted) to freely practice their religious belief
2. (rhe fact that) even the roads were swept clean
3. (They are falTIOUS for) their celibacy and hard work
4. ([hey met) once a day / every day (to talk and sing)
5. (Unlike some other religious groups,) the Shakers / they liked technology_and labor saving
devices
6. (Because) they didn't have any children (to carryon their traditions and beliefs) (, and their
numbers became fewer)

VOCABULARY PRACTICE:
A.
B.

C.

1.

e
2. d
3. f
4. b
5. a

1.

D.

1.

2.

d
e

2.

3.

3.

1.

conununity
include
3. extremely
4. industrious
5. sufficient
6. admire
2.

TEXT 34 VISITING JAPAN


A.
1. Japan is an unusual mixture of the traditional
and ultra-modern
2. (in) summer

B.
1.

2.

hotel / accommodation
traditional hotel
the traditional Japanese hot bach

C.
1.F

3. F

2. F

4.T

5. F

6. T

D.
1. Kneeling / To kneel down on the floor on a cushion in front of a low table \
2. Because he can nearly always find someone who speaks English
3. (The fact that) you have to drive on the left-hand side of the road / Having to drive on the
left hand side of the road
TEXT 35 JAPANESE CULTURE
A.
B.
1. tatami mats
1. barefoot
2. (the) food
2. CUlslt1e

3. numerous
4. ritual

C.
1. (Because) they use the bedroom as a living or dining room.
(Because/So that) the bedro01TI can (then) also function as a living or dining room.
(Because/So that) the bedroom can (then) be used as a living or dining room during the
daytime.
2. In traditional Japanese rooms, in cultural cOlTImunity centers or private houses
3. (Because) (especially) tying the belt (obi) alone is difficult.

D.
1. a

2.

11

YEARS ON

A.
1.
3.

with their customs and

B.
1.
2.
3.

conceal

4.

D.

C.

1.

2.
3.
4.

T
F
T

3.
4.

reveal
outsider
settle / live
customs

b.

OF THE

A.
1.

c.

B.
T

a few leaves

2.

2.

3.
D.
1. Because there wasn't
area
2.
made their land into a
land any

A.
1.
2.
3.

In

the forest for

LUUHlll:::.

for gold or cut

'~F-.~F..'-~U

stand next to Hindu


generous to the
brain drain made the

on this

L\....LJtJIJJ ..... "'.

brain

4.
~unnarrle

Nature Reserve is

L\J .... a.L ..... U

can

war.
was convinced
would be much more
term alternatives would be much more
was convinced

ecotourism would be much more

12

j..Ji.\Jl.l.U:I.I..1l.'-.

TEXT

39 BARASANA INDIANS OF THE VAPUES

A.
1.
2.
3.
4.

B.

C.
T

1.

2.

3.

4.

3.
4.

1.
2.

(small) group (of Indians)


(Barasana) men and women
languages
(on the) rocks (in the rivers)

tributary
susplClOn
dusk
gtant

D.
1.
2.
3.
4.

5.
6.
7.
8.

(some/the) carvings on the rocks


(the) legends
malocas/ communal houses
villages

compartmen t
(any) work
(are expected to) look after
is freer

TEXT 40 THE MOHANA

A.
1.
2.

3.

B.
1.

herons
training herons
the Mohana

2.

3.

The life of the Mohana


floating villages
houseboats

4.
5.
6.

the climate is unpredictable


traveling down the nver IS too
dangerous
to locate the fish / to catch the fish

C.
1. The traditional river trades
2. The oils on the surface of their eyes that function as color filters
3. They ferry Cor carry,) cargoes / By ferrying (, or carrying,) cargoes (by boat to the northern
and Southern parts of Sind)

D.
2. d

1. b

TEXT 41 THE QUALITIES WE PRIZE IN OUR CHILDREN


A.
1. (the newly-capitalist) Eastern bloc countries
2. (the virtues of) tolerance and respect for others

B.
1.
2.
3.

F
T

4.
5.

C.
1- b
2. d

T
T

3.

VOCABULARY PRACTICE:
A.
1. think
2. itTIportant
3. Inaln
4. clifferent
5. prevlOus
6. answers

B.
1. priority
2. regards
3. primary
4. Responses
S. flexible
6. fonner

13

4. d
5. c
6. a

TEXT 42 COMETS
A.
2.F
1.T

3. F

4. F

B.
1.

2.

That it moves quickly across the sky, disappearing in a few seconds


It is neither solid nor rocky / It is not solid or rocky

VOCABULARY PRACTICE:
Word

Other form(s)

real (adj.)

really (adv.)
reality (n.)
realistic (adj .)

assume (v.)

assumption (n .)

immense (adj .)

immensely (adv.)

collision (n.)

collide (v.)

predict (v.)

prediction (n.)
predictable (adj.)
predictably (adv.)

B.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

assume
reality
collide . .. collide
realistic
assumption / prediction

6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

TEXT 43 THE MILKY WAY


l.d
2. c
3. a

Predictably
immense / teal
predictable
collision
real

4. b

11. immensely / really


12. predict
13. prediction
14. really

5. d

TEXT 44 THE ORIGINS OF THE MOON

A.
1. c

2. a

B.
l.T

2. T

3. T

4.F

C.
1. It is dry / drier than the Earth, and it has very little iron in its center
2. The trips to the moon (between 1969 and 1972)
TEXT 45 THE MOON
A.
1. one / a (small) bulge
2. three principal theories

C.

B.
1.
2.

extra terrestrial
relatively

14

T
T
3. F
l.

2.

D.
1.
2.

A few deep craters near the poles


The heavily cratered and very old highlands
3. (rhe study of) the Apollo) Luna 2 and Luna 3 samples OR the new and detailed infonnation
from the moon rocks

E.
1. a

2. c

VOCABULARY PRACTICE:
B.
A.
1. f
l. effect
2. d
2. provide
3. a
3. claim
4. c
4. fine
5. b
5. obvious
6. e
6. majority
TEXT 46 VENUS
A.
1. can't see
2. turn into / become liquid
3. large Bat lands

B.
1.

the atmosphere of Venus

C.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

circular
225
SIze
density
craters on the surfaces
(safe) distance

D.
1.

a) That its day is longer than its year


b) (Unlike the Earth and most of the other planets) Venus rotates from East to West
2. Because they thought it was two different objects (as it appears both in the morning sky and
the evening sky)
3. It leads to an increase in the surface temperature and / or it makes the planet one of the
hottest places in the solar system)
4 . They made a map of the planees surface using radar telescopes on the Earth

VOCABULARY PRACTICE:
1. extremely
5. loca ted
2. orbit
6. visible
3. consists
7 . similar
4. layers
TEXT 47 NASA LISTENS FOR SPACE ALIENS
A.
B.
1 . (in the) early 1900s
1. b
2. signals
2. a
3. galaxy
4. intelligent ETs

C.
1. T
2. F
3. F

D.
1.
2.

To find evidence of Life in one of the billions of galaxies in the universe .


(Because) any nusunderstanding may create a panicky situation

15

TEXT

A.
1.
2
3.
4.
5.

48 MISSION TO MARS
B.

d
e
f
b
h

C.
1. c
2. c
3. d
4. a

1.
2.

m ap
(a) (b) atmosphere ... surface
3 a) evidence of life (dead or alive)
b) biological ac6vity in the soil
4 . environmental conditions

VOCABULARY PRACTICE:
A.
1.
2.
3.

g
h
f

4.

5.
6.

b
d

7.
8. e
9. c

B.
1. prevlO us
2. resemble
3. dissatisfied

4.

7. eventually
8. environmental
9. approach

eXIstence

5. evidence
6

contact

TEXT 49 L IFE ON MARs


A.
1. (basic) reason
2. (very ac6ve) chemica ls (on Jupiter)
3. scientlsts

B.
1. moving slowly
2. very big
3. liv e
4. v ery smaU

C.
1.

2.
3.
4.

5.

F
F

T
F
F

6.
7.
8.
9.

F
F
T
T

D.
1. We know this from the btight colors o f the planet and (th o u sands of) scientifi c studies.
From th e brig ht colo rs of th e planet and (th o usands of) scientific studies,
The bright colors o f th e planet and tho usands o f scien6fic studies about it tell us that there
are ac tive ch emicals o n Ju piter.
2. (Because) there is n ol enough water or oxygen or ozone (for human beings 1'0 live)

TEXT 50 SPACE WARDROBE


A.
1. In space
B.
1. insulate

2.

crew

C.
1 T

2 F

3. T

4. F

5. F

D.
1.
2.
3.

At low pressure, th e blood wou ld accumulate in the lower body,and this wou ld cause the
astrona ut to lose conscious n ess
(Becau se) it has interchangeable parts (that can be assemb led to fit dIffer ent astronams)(so It
can be assembled to fit different astronauts)
1V1icrometeoroids, solar radiation, infrared radiarjon, temperature changes, pressure c hanges
and oxygen deprivation

16

TEXT 51 HISTORY OF AsTRONOMY


A.
1. (the) Earth
2 each space body m oved in a small circle which moved around a larger circle
body moved in an epicycle
3. the Sun was at the center of the Universe
4. (brilhant new) starl supern ova
5. (the) known facts

I each sp ace

B.
1.
2.
3.

a piece of wood
sun-centered
showed

C.
1.F

2. F

3T

4. F

5. T

D.
1. T yc ho Brahe's precise o bservatio ns of the sky and Galileo's use of the telescop e
2. By explaining bow o bjec ts move o n earth as well as in space
VOCABULARY PRACTICE:
A.
5. b
1. a
2. b
6. b
7. a
3. b
4. a
8. b
B
Word

Other formes)

challenge

challenge (n)
challenging (adj)

preClse

precisely (adv)

observe

observa tion (n) ,observer (n.), observable (adj.)

lfl venlJ on

invent (v.), inventor (n.)

attribute

attribute (v.), attributable (adj.), attributi on (n.)

constantly

cons tant (adj.)

Jn splre

inspira tion (n.)

evolution

evolve (v.), evolutionary (adj.)

C.
1. observed
2 challenge
3. inventions

4.
5.
6.

7.

precisely
inspired
constantly.

8.
9.

17

evolu tio n / in spiratio n


attributed
evolved

TEXT 52 HISTORY OF SPACE TRAVEL


A.
1. exploring/ to explore life outside Earth
2. (the) criticism

B.
l.F

2. F

4. T

3. F

C.
1. to develop rockets
2. to travel to the moon
3. experiments
4. patents

D.
1. The basic laws of force, motion and gravitation

Oxygen and hydrogen


He wrote science-fiction about space travel which influenced scientists
He made people/ scientists believe/ think that space travel was possible
TEXT 53 CORN
2.

3.

B.

A.
Indians
2. (corn) bread
flour (and corn bread)
3. Europe
4. feed (to) animals
5. Food Industry
TEXT
1.
2.

7. pellagra
8. a & b: heart disease and cancer
9. eight hours
10. sugar

54 ALL You WANT To LEARN ABOUT

A.

B.
Today's corn plant
crop

1.
2.

1. F
2. T

6. (a) (b) niacin .. . Vitamin A

1.

3. F

CORN

C.
grow
fully grown

1.
2.

3. T

T
F

4.

D.
leaves
g.rass family
3. teosinte
1.

2.

4.
5.
6.

(single) bushel
(very) hard (outer) shell
dent / field corn

VOCABULARY PRACTICE:
A.
Word

other forms

1. survive (v.) (para. 1)

survival (n.)/ survivor (n.)

2. depend (v.) (para. 2)

(in)dependence (n.), (in)dependent (adj .)

3. source (n.) (para . 2)

------------------

4. produce (v.) (para. 3)

product (n.), production (n.), producer (n.), productive


(adj.) / productivity (n.)

5. remove (v.) (para. 4)

removal (n.) , removable (adj.)

18

6. range (n.) (para. 5)

range (v.)

7. various (adj .) (para. 5)

variety (n.), variously (adv.)

8. contain (v.) (para. 5)

container (n.), contents (n.)

B.
1.
2.

3.
4.

8. vanous
9. contain.
10. range

5. source
6. remove
7. products

survIve
depend
dependent
survival

TEXT 55 TURKISH COFFEE


A.
2. in vain
1. district

B.
1.
2.
3.
4.

5. (a la turque' (coffee sets)


6. with sugar
7. some aromatic substance (such as jasmine,
ambergris, cloves or coriander)
jasmine, ambergris, cloves or coriander

religious people
a harmful drug/ sinful/harmful
gentlemen's clubs
discuss literature and listen to Turkish
classical music

TEXT 56 SALT
A.
1. lowering the amount of salt

B.
1.
2.

3.
4.

C.
indicate
reluctant
identical
diminish

1.
2.
3.

d
b
c

D.
(Because) it is an important t1.avor enhancer and preservative

TEXT

57 MEAT? No THANKS

A.
1.

(in the) 60s and early 70s / (when the "hippy" movements of the 60s and early 70s just
started
2. who do not eat meat because they cannot accept or put up with the suffering that animals
feel OR \vho cannot accept or put up with the suffering animals feel
3. (the) religions that prohibit the eating of meat
4. meat

B.
1.d

C.
1.
2.
3.
4.

2. c

health (reasons)
(a) (b) (serious) hormonal imbalances / hyperactivity in children
(a) exposed to artifIcial periods of day and night
(b) softer and more delicious
religion / religious (reasons)

19

VOCABULARY PRACTICE:
A.
Word

Other formes) in the text

aware (adj .)

awaren ess (n.)

suspicion (n.)

suspicious (adj.)

con scious (adj .)

consciously (adv.)

r:reat (v.)

treatment (n.)

similar (adj .)

similarl y (adv .)

con sume (v.)

consumption (n.)

include (v.)

including (prep .)

r act (v .)

reaction (n.)

B.
1. consClously
2. similar
3. consumption
TEXT

4.
5.
6.

incl\Kling
treatment
reacuon

suspicious
8. ilware

7.

58 A HEALTIIY DIET FOR EVERYONE

A.
there are four basic food groups: meat, dairy, tr ains, and fruit and vegetables
2. they have high rates of cancer and heart disease
3. they eat \ arge amounts of grains and) vet) little meat
4. hamburgers and ice-cream are becoming popular / are getting more and more popular
5. plenty of fruie and vegetables are consumed \ve / people consume plenty of fruit and
vegetables
6. lmprove our cliet
1.

B.
1.

By eating healthy food and giving healthier snacks to their children

TEXT

59 JUNK FOOD & No EXERCISE- THE NEW LI F ESTYLE

A.
1.

2.

B.
junk food
saturated fat

1.
2.

now and then


go for

C.
contains a lot of fat
2. (3 greater risk of) cancer / gaining w eigh t or obesity
3. speed means excitement, whereas anything traruLional is slow and boring
4. (hav ing) a heart attack in la ter life
1.

D.
1. (that) although they are mo re aware of the importance of exercise and
were a few years ago, th ey prefer an unhealthy way of life
2. the pressures of m o der n life

20

h althy diet than th )

FOR

B.

A.
3.
4.
5.
G.

1.
2.

C.
assist

1.
2.
3.

H
A

4.

reduce fat
beans and lentils
blood sugar levels

B.

A.
1. outnumber

1.
food

2.

3.

3.

restricts
collaboration

4.

l!on
a) nutritional

b) minerals

C.

D.
1.

virus - resistant crops


seeds
too much aluminum
.l..l.J-\JI,..U.J,.l ...... u d

Jrougnt-toLer~ant

4.

VOCABULARY
A.
1.

5.
6.

2.

8. b

4.

B.
2.

4.
/
5. estimates

3.

G.

,Hj;U."'-"'-H....Ol-U

8.
9.

distribution

AND

A.
milk
Hindus
3.

B.
1.

food frOlTI their own culture / food

3.

21

familiar

TEXT
A.
1.F

63 MEALS IN BRITAIN
2. F

3. T

4. T

B.
1.

2.

sandwich bars
sco nes, cream, Jam

C.
1. Because they serve good cheap food.
2. (They ea t)roast m eat (beef, lamb, chicken, or p ork)with vegetables and gravy
3. (It shows) that eating in Britain is qui te international
TEXT

A.

64 HEALTHY DIETS FROM AROUND THE WORLD


B.

1. cuisin e / a country's distinct style o f cooking


2. some chicken dish es like chicken tos tadas
3. the dullest dishes

C.
1.
2.
3.
4.

a. Oriental mush rooms.


1.
chili peppers
Vitamin s A and C.
smoked, salted and pickled foo ds.

distinct
tremendo u s
3. assortment
1.
2.

b. garlic

D.
1. Because it is balanced / it is made up of 69 percen t carboh ydra te, 10 percen t p ro tein , and
(o nly) 21 p ercent fat.

OR
Because the Chinese have a balanced diet, (which is made up o f. 69 p ercen t carbohydrate, 10
percen t pro tein, and (only) 21 p ercent fat.

OR
Because i t h as a good p ercentage o f nutrients.
2. (The) excessive use of soy sau ce / salt and the use o f mo no sodium glutamate (MSG).
This diet can cause high blood pressure and allergic reactions.
3. Avoca do because mos t of the fat in avocado is mono satura ted (like the fat in o liv e oil) (which
is believed to lower cho lesterol and be good fo r th e develo pmen t of cells.)

OR
Because m ost o f the fat in avocado is believed to lower choles terol and be good for th e
developmen t o f cells.
4. Because eating fi sh/ it prevents heart disease.

OR
Because eating fish / it cuts the dea th rate from coronary heart disease by half
TEXT 65 CHANGING DIETS
A.
1. F
2. T
3. F

4. T

5. F

B.
1. (Because) it is generally high in sugar, salt, fat and cholestero l, (and th ese substances ca n
cause certai n .illnesses.)
2. (Because) these foods do no t contain much fat
3. Th ey either eat th em raw or steamed to keep the vitamins

22

OF
A.
1 . New Mcxlco
2.
Christmas cookies
3. foods

FOODS

In

B.
2.

<J"'>-LL'"-,,,

C.
famous
mixed

1.

bland

D.
1.

2.

lmnugnlnrs, so there
an "'~"Y71T rr
out the fact that the US is made up
foods
Because the US is
with
cultural
1S an amazIng
Foods
Because root
could be stored all winter
the introduction of
..

E.
1

VOCABULARY PRACTICE:
A,
1
2.

c synonym

3.

b anLOnym
a synonym

B.
1. c
2. a
3. d

5.

C.
1.

5.

2.

6.

4.

8.

praise
obviOus

4.d

A.

B.

1.
2.

i.

C.
1

T
T

the blood pressure


homemade
or snails

4.
5.

2.

3.

D.
1

2.

Because there are more than 90


nUlnber of old
the
live
children and
who live

A.
1

3.

Samoa
chemical COJ11p'OUfld
natural substances

B.
L C
c
3. c

between 75 and 99 / Because


between 75 and 99 /

Canada / a group from the

5.

of [he

the children and

a
b

who

C.
1. (Because) she thinks/believes that they enhance 'spiritual transmission' between the healer
and the patient
2. He sees it as the key to the preservation of vast collection of species and a pathway to halting
many diseases

D.
1. (using) \'<{/estern medicine
2. has drug potential

3.
4.

trIgger human diseases


the action of a particular enzyme

VOCABULARY PRACTICE:
A.
1. g
2.

3. d
4. e
5. h

B.
6.
7.
8.

f
9. b

TEXT 70 TYPICAL OR NOT?


A.
1.c
2. c
3. b
B.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

4. d

vast
crucial
enhances
incurable
endangered

6.

trigger
concerned
8. determine
9. ordinary

7.

5. c

flow along / circulate within the human body / the system of body channels
(a) illnesses (b)psychological proble1TIs
any four of the following: asthma, hypertension, insomnia, allergies, aches
national health care system
(a) how much exercise the patient gets (b) the individual's psychological motivation

C.
1. (Because) in addition to its simplicity, it is a good way of reducing stress, stimulating the
circulation and strengthening the body's immune system

TEXT 71 ACUPUNCTURE

A.

B.

1. circulation, pulse and the heart

2.

meridia

C.
1. Electro-acupuncture
2. very small electrical impulses
3. general pain relief
4. ear

1. energy force
2. a person's health
3. Insufficient or unbalanced

5. obesiLY, drug addiction, alcoholism


6. Moxibustion
7. specific herbs

D.
1.

(Because) Acupuncture can rid the body of the physical dependency, but cannot rid the mind
of the habit

24

TEXT 72 WHERE DID THEY COME FROM?


A.
B.
L Potatoes and tomatoes
1. d
2. (the) Tartars (of Central Asia)
2. c
3. th e word sauce
3. a
4. b

C.
1.
2.
3.

T
T

4.
5.
6.

F
T
1:

D.
1.

Ie is food made from wheat flour, cut and formed into various shapes, ea[en after being

2.

boiled in water, and usually combined with a sauce


Modern ketchup is made mosdy of tomatoes> but Ke-tshtap did not have any tomatoes in it

E.
1.
2.

3. many forms of pasta


4. a meat and vegetable filling

noodles
Marco Polo

TEXT 73 OCEAN EXPLORATION


A.
B.
1. submarines
1. giant
2. (April) 1991

C.
1. F

2. T

D.
1. Any two:
a) Because the oce ~ ns contain rich rruneral deposits / because of the rich mineral deposits
that the oceans contain / to obtain the minerals that the oceans contain
b) (Because they wanted) to docwnent the (wide variety of) life foans (found) in the
depths/ oceans
c) (Because they wanted) to investigate the earth's structure
(Because they wanted) to better understand the (constant) movements of the earth 's
structure (such as the creation of mountain ranges as a result of the eruption of the
volcanoes)
d) (Because they wanted) to make maps of the ocean floor (and to prevent submarines from
having accidents / , which enabled scientists to guide submarines to prevent them from
having accidents)
2. Because it / the ocean floor / the seabed is covered with mountain ranges, plains and valleys
(,which can be dangerous for submarine vehicles)
3. The chemical and geological changes and the l:enewal of plant and animal life (in the sea)
(after the volcanic eruption)
4. They took samples (from chimneys) for analysis / By taking sample~ (from chimneys) for
Analysis

VOCABULARY PRACTICE:
A.

Word

Other formes) if any

enable (v .)

---- ~ ---

rely (v.)

reliable (adj.)

d evelop (v.)

developed (adj.) , development (n.),


developing (adj .)

25

explore (v .)

exploration (n .)

investigate (v.)

investigation (n.), investigative (adj.)


investigator (n .)

prevent (v.)

preventive (adj.), prevention (n.)

constant (adj .)

constantly (adv.)

disaster (n.)

disastrous (adj.)

B.
enables
disasters
3. prevent
4. constant

S. develop
6. investigation
7. rely
8. explore

1.

2.

TEXT 74 SAVING THE UGLY


A.
B.
1. (Australia's) fishermen
1.
2. free a Great \Vhite shark
2.
3. (mesh) nets
3.
4. Sydney
4.

C.
entangled
struggle
roughly
inadvertently

1.
2.

3. F
4. T
5. F

D.
1. Jim Lumb / he protects swim1ners on Sydney's beaches froln "the jaws" of the deep/ sharks
and helps protect the sharks from humans / he is a shark policeman
2. The Great \XThite and (the less-threatening) Gray Nurse hark
3. By placing nets around its beaches (and by hiring people like Jim Lwnb.)

VOCABULARY PRACTICE:
Verb

Noun

Adjective

Adverb

deepen

depth

deep

deep I deeply

endanger

---------------

endangered

---------------

---------------

---------------

release

release

---------------

prospect

prospective

---------------

establish

establishment

established

--------------..

free

freedom

free

freel freely

rematn

remains

remaining

--------------

threaten

threat

threatening

--------------

26

7.

1. released
2. deepen

12.
J 3.
14.
15.
16.

prospecnve

prospec t
9. deepen
10. established
11. threatened
8.

3. remaIn s
4. Freedom

5. release/ freedo m
6. establish

free
thre~ t

freely
endangers/ thtea tens
remained

17. a) endangered
b) re main ing
18. deeply
19. es tablishlTIen t
20 . th reat
21. threatening

TEXT 75 EXPLORING THE DEPTHS OF THE O CEAN


A.
p2_b_
p .6 _ c_
p. 4 _ a_

B.
1. T

2. F

3. F

4. T

5. T

C.
1.d

2. B

3. D

4. a

5. b

6. d

D.
1. It c~n get wi thin a centimeter o f its target
2. Their fear of the unknown

VOCABU LARY PRACTICE:


1. enable
3. featu re
2. explore
4. sho rtage
TEXT

S. develop
6. target

76 WHAT IS AN MPA?

A.
1. past fi shery m anagetnen t

2.

Ml'As

B.
1. Th ey bo th / Bo th (of them) try to conserve the life and habitat within
2. (I-Iuman) activities that des troy the habita t o r endanger a sp ecies by rem ovIng too many
individuals
3. (Because) T hey improve fi sheries and increase local economic opp ortunities.

C.
1.b

2. c

3. a

VOCABULARY PRACTICE:
A.
1. protect
2. involve
3. harm ful
4. aIm
5. who le
6. implement
7. regional

B.
1
2.

3.

en tire
destru ctive
co nserve

4. goal
5. include
6. local
7. enfo rced

27

TEXT 77 DESIRE TO FLY


A.
1. (the) three passengers
2. steam engines

B.
1. b

3. c

2. d

4. a

VOCABULARY PRACTICE:
A.
d

1.
2.

3.

6.
7.

4. g
S. a

c
b

B.
Verb
constnlt:!

Noun

Adjective

Adverb

construction

--------------

----------------

sufficient

sufficiently

constructor
----------------

sufficiency

gather

gathering

---------------

---------------

---------------

capability

capable

capably

encourage

encouragement

encouraging

encou~agingly

trained

------------------

intense

intensely

train

1. training

2. trainee
3. trainer
intensify
1.
2.
3.

4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

9.
10.

intensity

gathering
encourages
intensify
sufficient
a) trainer
capable
gathered
trained
capabilities
a) construction

b) intensity

11. a) trained
12. sufficiently
13. trainees
14. encouragemen t
15. intensely
16. encouragmg
17. a) constructed
18. a) encouragement
19. intense

b) construct

28

b) capable

b) encouraging]y
c) capably
b) training

A.
1, The first means of air rranSt)Ofrt'l
a balloon
3. in 1783
B.
1

l.

2,

it

not safe

4.
5.
6.
basket
the . . . . . "' .. "'"...' ...

8.

"'1

VOCABULARY PRACTICE:
Verb

Noun

attach

attachment

free

freedom

Ad'ective

free

ex ected
invent

invention

inventive

2. inventor

a) invented

1.

b) free
attached

3.

6.
7.

inventor

freedom

8.

9.

A.
l.b
B.
1.
2.

2. d

3. d

extremes in [en1p(~ra'[Ure,
them where the most
To minimize the effects of both heat and cold on

winds were located


helium gas

c)

VOCABULARY PRACTICE:

B.
5. ensure
6. avoid
7. mimmize

1.

obtained/received
2. received/obtained
3. accomplish
4. Team
TEXT 80 LAST BALLOON To NOWHERE
A.
1.T
2. T
3. T
4.F

S. T

6. F

B.
1. c

2. b

C.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

fly / travel to the North Pole


attaching a sail to the bag
First Andree Polar Expedition
gave up in frustration or became/was frustrated and gave up
financially supported him or gave him financial support
it / the balloon had a / one dangerous fault: air escaped from it / the bag
three days
33 years

VOCABULARY PRACTICE:
1. remarkable
2. significant/remarkable
3. devote
4. frustration

S. courage
determined
protective/ remarkable
8. delTIonstrates

6.
7.

TEXT 81 AIRLINERS
A.
1. airliners that were powered by piston engines
2. The first turbojet airliner and / or de Havilland DB 106 COinet
B.
loT

2. T

C,
1.

2.
3.
4.

5.

development of passenger aeroplanes


a) single wing
b) two engines
less safe / more dangerous
b) economical/cheap
a) fast / quick
a) the Boeing 247
b) (Douglas) DC-2

D.
1. By saying that nine out of every ten airliners in use throughout the world were DC-3s by
1939
2. \Veaknesses in the design of the cabin structure
3. a) (A.[ this height) the air is calmer b) The wings can operate at the highest efficiency
4. (Because) by carrying lTIOre passengers, it made flying more economical

30

E.
l.c

VOCABULARY
A.
1. c
2. a
3. e
4. d
5. b

B.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

efficiency
consume
versIon
fault

A.
1.
2.
3.
4.

(getting on the open-cockpit


for) 10-rninute fligh t over Los
flight over L.A on an
biplane
(a prototype of the Kinner) airplane
accidents
Amelia and (her
Fred Noonan / Amelia and her
(Fred N

B.
1
2.

3.
4.

A 10-minute

C.
1 F

striking
formulate
seek
abound

2.

3.
4.
5.

T
F
F
T

D.
1. He offered her the chance to become the first woman to fly across the Atlantic
He
her life by
her to bec01ue the first woman to fly across the Atlantic
2.
was expected) to attract women passengers
3. She wrote a book about the Atlantic ilight (, 20 bours, 40
By writing a book about the Atlantic flight
1
4. To
Aluelia s name in the forefront / He thought she would need to
the tnp to
keep her name in the forefront.
5. (Because) she showed that aviation was a science which could not be limited to men

VOCABULARY PRACTICE:
A.
B.
1
2.

3.
4.
5.
6.

e
a
b
f

d
c

3.

concept
abandon

3.
4.
S.

claim
formulate

6.

B.

A.
1.
2.

1.
2.

traditions
people
rules

1
2.

3.

C.
different
keep/save
holy

1.
2.
3.
4.

D.

F
T

1.
2.

3.
4.

r:;'

social/ religious
white

E.
you go in the
games, and listen
think it

2.

the same

"evil

MARRIAGES

C.

B.

A.
The Vedic

1.

3.

1.
2.

3. T

4.

T
F

D.
1.

an unmarried person is considered


and not suitable for
certain social and .LL1.'~J.\..IU"
Her
as
envIronment.
could lead to
is unsuitable in character or '-'L<'~nc~

In

3.

.. '-' .....

AND

A.
1.
2.
3.

C.

B.
means
declined
demanded
transacUon

2.

business .... education

2.

bride wealth / .... ,"" . . ,-" .. M,

3.

D.
to the

... lrlPfT"'I"\A,.-n

to the bride's

servant

MAKES US DIFFERENT FROM

A.
L other

like rhe1n

B.
1. Iv!

2.

3.F

4.F

S.M

C.
1. le::tder

2.

command

direct

D.
a chance to
'With them.
of their differences are
there

com,municate.

IS

not
/
more rhan one way

(Q

TEXT
A.
1. a

87 Is AMERICA CLOSING THE 'GOLDEN DOOR?'


2. c

B.
1. econonues
2. food
3. people
4. vast (amounts of) land
5. (the first US immigration) quota system

C.
1.

2.
3.

any answer thai comes to the .fame eJ/ed


It causes people to find ways to enter the country illegally/It leads to illegal entry to the
country
a) legal imrnigrants cannot find employment.
b) legal immigrants are ridiculed because of the misconduct of illegals.
Because it shares massive borders with Canada and Mexico

D.
1.

(far) less pay


b. fewer benefits
false identification papers/ false I.D.'s
(American) taxpayers
(over-burdened) economy

a.

2.
3.
4.

TEXT
1. c

88 A DIFFERENT WINDOW
2. a

3. d

6. c

5. a

4. b

TEXT 89 COOPERATIVE KIDS

A.
1. (encouraging) competition
B.
1.d

2. f

3. a

2.

cooperative learning

5. e

4. c

6.g

C.
1. (creative) problem-solving
2. motivation
3. fun of learning

4.
5.
6.

share ideas
helper
remember (much) more

D.
1. Because the idea that students are empty containers which the teacher fills \v'"ith kno\,vledge
hasn't changed / remains the same. OR
There hasn't been a change in the idea that students are empty containers \'vhjch the reacher
fills \'vith knowledge OR Teachers/People still think (that) students are empty containers that
they fill with knowledge.
2. The strong srudents helped the weak ones / sludents (so that they could participate in [he
class activities.)

33

TEXT 90 THE TREND TOWARDS HOME SCHOOLING

A.
1.

2.

disillu sio nme nt

3.

o bsolete

compronus e

B.
I. Because o f bullying and lack of discipline in schools/ Because the re is bullYIng and a lack o f
disciphne in schools.
2. It could worsen their relationships with o thers because home schooled children spend long
periods/ too much time with their parents and children could becom e shy as they have
limited contac t wi th people o ther than their parents
3. a) T hey can learn the rules o f work in a democratic society
b) They can learn to dea l \.vi th relatio nsh ips \\!ith adults other than th e ir pare nts .

C.
I.F

2 T

3. T

4. F

5. F

TEXT 91 EXPANDING EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITY


A.
1. postseco ndary educatio nal oppor tuniti es

2. (mo re tha n 1,500) junior and community colleges


3. advan tage (of two-year colleges over more traditional four-year schools)

B.
1.

tu ition

C.
I. d

2.

enrollment

2.

D.
1. Tha t more train ed p eople were n eeded to build and maintain c omplex m o de rn so ciety
OR
The need for more trained people to build and tnaintain complex modern society.

TEXT
A.
I. g

B.
I. T

92 EXAM FITNESS
2. e

3. d

4.c

2. F

3. F

4T

3. d

4. b

5. F

C.

1. 0

2. F

D.
La

2. b

34

6. F

TEXT 93 A TERRIBLE CONFLICT


A.
l. (Domingo Perez) Gomez
2. Gomez and his family / the Gomez family
3. kicked out illegal forest dwellers

B.
1.
2.

3.

C.
indigenous
fled
irretrievable

1.
2.

F
F

3.

D.
1. (He knows that) he should not cut the forest down) but if he doesn't, he cannot survive
2. (Because) they are not fatniliar with I them
these / the alternative / new ways

TEXT
A.
1. c
2. d
3. g
4. a
5. e

94 How THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT WORKS

TEXT

95 THE JAPANESE WAY OF DEALING WITH TRASH

B.
1. (the) global warming (of the earth's atmosphere)
2.
3.
4.

lce

burning fossil fuels and cutting down forests


C02 / Carbon dioxide

A.
1.
2.

2.

3.
4.

96 CYCLONES

A.
1.
2.

B.
1. c

tendency
promote

TEXT

C.
1. T
2. F
3. T

B.

precautions
sea walls

C.
1. T
2. F

1. confined
2.
3.

immense
lessen

D.
1.
2.

E.
1.
2.

3.

a) how close the eye of the storm passes over densely populated areas
b) how flat the land is
a) drowning
b) disease
c) starvation (that resulted after the cyclone destroyed the crops there)
constant monitoring by weather satellites

TEXT
A.
1.
2.
3.

97 ENERGY EFFICIENT VEHICLES


B.

1. T

4.

B
A

2. F
3. T

5.

C.
1. (New) diesel fuels wh.ich have lower sulfur contents or which are produced from cleanburning natural gas.
2. Electric vehicles (which combine an engine with an electric motor) and fuel cells (which
produce electricity by converting a fuel into water).
3. a) To end the dependence on imported petrolewn b) to stop the increase in air pollution

35

TEXT 98 WASTE DISPOSAL


A.
1. dumps
2. methane (gas)
3. U .S. newspapers

CRISIS

B.
1.
2.

3.

C.
1. F
2. F
3. T

d
c
d

D.
1. Old newspapers can be separated from our trash and used to make new paper and paper
packaging can be reduced
2. By providing separate bins for collection (at convenient places)
3. a) Because it is becoming more difficult to dispose our trash and garbage / Because it is
getting more difficult to find sites for landfills
b) Because we are wasting precious natural resources
TEXT 99 RECYCLING
A.
1. long-lasting

2. organized plans

B.
1. c

2. c

4. c

3. b

5. a

C.
1. It can be expensive to run recycling schemes OR
It is not economical to transport materials for recycling from areas which still have a lot of
landfill space
2. Because they are trying to solve the problem at the production stage OR excess packaging
creates more waste
TEXT 100 JOJOBA OIL
A.
1. (the) diesel engine

B.
1.
2.
3.
4.

2.

jojoba plants

a) shrinking oil reserves


b) concerns over exhaust emissions
releases a lot of energy
chemically stable at the high temperatures and pressures
huge amounts / quantities

C. (any two)
1. They
release fewer pollutants / enut less carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide
run more quietly
run for longer
perform as well as diesels
2. (The non-toxic oil is widely used) as a non-greasy skin-smoothing ingredient (in cosmetics)

36

TEXT 101 SPICE TRADE


A.
l. Arab spice traders
2. (the Arabs and the other) traders

B.
1. T

C.
1.

2. F
3. F

2.
3.
4.

supply
monopoly
worthwhile
motive

D.
1. Because traders and merchants had to pay money to them to sell spices
2. (Because they wanted) to compete \vith J\lIiddle Eastern and Mediterranean spice traders
3. By bringing Europeans the knowledge of the American continents
TEXT

102 SO YOU WANT TO BE A MILLIONAIRE?

A.
1. the richest 200 (people) in Britain
2. (the) intrapreneurs
B.
1.

2.
3.
4.
5.

(the lives of) successful entrepreneurs


receive a proper education
personal development
quality of your / one's life
the price of success

C.
1.

2.

You can / might easily find yourself employed as a decorative figure (,while your less
attractive colleagues are lTIoving up the career ladder) / While a person 'with good looks is
employed as a decorative figure, the less attractive colleagues are moving up the career ladder
Harmony, creativity, and healthy relationships

TEXT

103 GLOBAL TRADE

A.
(the) late 1980s
2. a country that is landlocked / a landlocked country
3. developed countries
1.

B.
1.
2.

3.

curtail
startling
en trepreneurs

D.

C.
1. T
2.

3.
4.

T
T

1.
2.

c
c

3. d

E.
1.

They can have more choice of products at lower prices

TEXT

104 HAD T H EY EXPECTED THE GLOBAL ECONOMY To TAKE THEIR

JOBS?

A.
1. c

2.b

B.
1.
2.

developing countries
(new) technology / the introduction of the new technology

37

3.

skilled workers

5.

C.
1.
2. more
programs
3. less and less money available to fund them / there isn't __ . . H .
money to fund

.H....

"".H

money to fund

pnf""\lH'rn

OF

A.

B.

1. econOITllCS

3.
4.

nations
and invention

3.

C.
tracts
subsistence
condemned

L F
2. T

D.
1

E.
1. d

2. b

HONESTY ALWAYS
A.
1.

answer
lie you tell when you
told in order not to

B.
1.

2.

3.

AND PHOBIAS
A.

that make you anxious

Csuch as

nrr, .. Lr,:-n

too hard or

3.

B.

C.
1.
2.

3.

3. T
4. F

D.
1

tension and
ree'arclea as "mad."

t".o'~t"\"'Y'll,-,n-

TEXT 108 CONTROLLING YOUR DREAMS


A.

1.
2.

sporadically
devote

B.
1. (A lucid dream is different from other dreams in that in a lucid dream) the dreamer is
consciously aware of himself and of the fact that he is dreaming
2. 90 minutes
C.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

(The) dream state


overcome their fears
(a&b) self-confidence/ self-esteem
moving rapidly
dreaming/having a lucid dream
Learning to control lucid dreaming/ dreams/lucid dreaming

D.
1.

TEXT 109 TRANCE


A.

B.

l. (most) modern hypnotists


2. trance
3. (the) subject / hypnotized person

1.

con tradicted

2.

SUSP1CiOUS

C.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

F
F

D.
1. d
2. c

T
T
F

E.
a) The knee reflex (which'is absent in sleep, is present in the hypnotic state) .
b) Recordings of brain waves (show the typical patterns of the state in which we are awake).
TEXT 110 RAISING A SMILE
A.

1.
2.

made fun of other people


personal frustrations/ emotional difficulties
personal frustrations or emotional difficulties

B.

l.b

2. c

3. b

4. a

5. d

39

TEXT

111 THE MIND-BODY CONNECTION

A.

B.
1. b
2. b

1. (the) mind and (the) body


2. anger and fear

3.

C.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

a) energy channels/vehicles
b) (the) connection / energy flow
block(s) (the) prana
prevents / blocks our creativity
tradiLional treatlnent methods
(a) Mindful eating (b) physical activity (c) peaceful mind

D
1.c
TEXT 112 THE EFFECTS OF OUR ENVIRONMENT
A.
1. hOlnes (you have visited lately)
2. people who live in these "unliving houses"
3. (the) environment
4. house hunters
B.
1. their customers were occupying their seats too much without spending enough inoney
2. discourage people from spending too much time in waiting areas / force people to move to
restaurants and bars in the terminal, where they spend money
3. live in apartments near stairways and mailboxes / live in more heavily traveled parts of the
building

C.
1 . . (That) he should not touch anything, put his feet up or be comfortable /
2. The attractiveness of a room influences the happiness and energy of the people working
in it
3. Because dim-lightening or lowered noise levels encourage people to spend more time atthe
restaurants
4. They build their casinos without windows or clocks

TEXT 113 MONSTERS OR VICTIMS


A.
1. disguise
2. rage

3.

slaugh ter

B.
(Because) he is (a) usually nicely dressed and polite (individual) (and can mix among ordinary
people easily)
OR
(Because) he mostly seems quite Donnal (and calculates his acts Vel]! carefully)
OR
(Because) he hides behind a carefully constructed appearance of nonnality

40

C.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

authority (in general)


feel important
approach / gain access to their victims (who would otherwise never talk to strangers)
make / present a number of causes
pornography
(the / his) victims deserved to die

D.
2. c

l.b

3. a

TEXT 114 WHERE DO DREAMS COME FROM


A.
1. memories and feelings
2. (a famous French doctor) Charcot
3. (Dr.) Josef Breuer
4. (the/her/ this) childhood melTI01Y / the whole experience
B.

l.T

2. T

3. F

2. b

3. a

4.T

C.

l.c
D.

1. Most his patients were sick in mind rather than in body, and medicine did not help them.
2. During this treatment, patients talk freely about the things that are troubling them, so they
often feel better and learn to control their fears .

TEXT

115 SLEEP

A.
1.
2.

B.
dreams
sleeping pills

1.
2.

C.
1. T
2. F
3. F

phase
reqUIre

4. T
5. F

D.
1.

2.

During REM sleep , a person's eyes move under his eyelids . He breathes faster, and his
heart beats faster than it does in the previous stages
(Because) Some (sleeping pills) won't let YOll go into sleep stage four and others / some
(sleeping pills) won't let you go into REM sleep

E.
1.c

41

TEXT

116 ALL IN THE MEMORY

A.
1. phone numbers, names, and facts we stuclied only a few days ago
2. memorize packs of cards
3. the (various) ways of training your memory

B.
1.

remember

C.
1.
2.

Repeating (things)
Creating a picture in your mind associated with a word you want to remember.
Forming a mental picture of the item to be memorized.
3. Inventing a story that includes all the things you want to remember
4. Asking yourself (lots of) questions as you go along/as you are reading/ about the text you
are reacling

D.
1. T

2. F

E.
1. ([he fact that) repeating things does not / cannot help you to remember them for very
long.
(The fact that) repeating is not the best way to remelnber things for very long.
(The fact that) repeating things helps only short-term memory.
2. S/he confuses a pen with a knife ot S/he can/may confuse a pen with a knife .
S/he cannot recognize everyday objects.
TEXT 117 UNDERSTANDING THE HUMAN BRAIN
A.
1. contrasting an image taken of a brain at rest with an image of a brain doing a specific task

B.
1.

vague
2. sinister
3. intriguing

C.
2.

b
b

3.

1.

D.
1. Positron Emission Tomography (PET) and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
2. ([he) levels of activity across the entire brain, all at once
TEXT 118 DISEASE DETECTIVES
A.
1. successful transplants (of the heart, liver kidney and other organs of the body/of some
organs/ of certain organs/ of organs)
2. people with a new heart, liver or kidney / transplant patients

42

B.
1.
2.

3.
4.
5.

6.

people w:ith the disease


the outside environment
scien tis ts
determine the characteristics
the gene or combination of genes
birth defects and genetic illnesses

A.
12.
3.

gene structure
modern
accept
10.
of genes and DNA
11. match the charactenstics

8.
9.

C.

B.
1.
2. partially

functions
misconception
responds

D.
1. acUons
2. skills

4.
5.

3.

6.

TEXT

7.

hear/see
left frontal10be
(parts

1. c
2.

7.
8.
9.

(automatic) remembering
glucose
fewer

120 GENETIC ENGINEERING

A.
1.
2.

genetic en:~m!eenn{!
research groups

B.
1.

2.
3.

C.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

(They are restricted to


the symptoms of hereditary illness in humans
of
it)
(Because) there IS no chance that any copy of a hUlTIan
would be identical either
phYSIcally or mentally (, any more than children are identical to their parents)
They can only cure inherited diseases limited to a
there are relatively few of
such
(most
disorders have far \-vider

a new gene into a


/ deliver a gene to their
it to work properly
mental retardation / brain damage
extra chrOmOS01TIe (, a package of DNA compnsing several thousand
factors
more than one gene
new genes into a fertilized egg
are transferred into the uterus of the host lTIother
turn it on and

D.
1.c

2. b

3. a

43

TEXT 121 GENETIC ETHICS


A.
\. (th e) engineered species / the 'improve d' species
2. organIsms
3. perso nal gene tic inform ati o n
4. (i mpor tant) concern

B.
1.

2.

C.
foreseen
hazards

3.
4.

\. T

altering
lssue

2.

3. F
4. T

D.
1. Because th ey could get out o f control, spreading new, in curable diseases or destroying
agricul tural crop
2. By removing biologically undesirable ch arac teristics
3. They may fire or refuse to hire people wi th certain gene tic weaknesses

T EXT 122 THE INTERNET


A.
1. junior schools
2. m ost In te rnet sys tem s charge a st(lodard fee -with no time charges
3. In ternet users
4. telephon e companies
5. young people

B.
1. e
2. g
3. d

4.

5.

6.
7.

f
c

C.
It develops and supplies information system s, software, and services to junior sc hools,
colleges and unive rsities. Or It specializes in the British edu ca tio n system and o ffers some
very comprehensive packages
2. Because heavy Interne t users (spend h ours on the net and) jam local telep ho ne circuits.
1.

3. The type / kind o f informatio n ,hat is going to be used / allowed / transmitted o n the
Internet.
4. RJv[ res tricts the ability to reach unsuitable info rmation and demands tha t news groups
evaluate their programs.

T EXT 123 THE HISTORY OF THE INTERNET


1. a
2. d
3. d
4. a
5. a

44

6. c

7. b

TEXT 124 REFLECTING ON LIGHT


A.
1. light
2. certain silver compounds Oike silver br01nide)
3. light energy

B.
1. surpnslng
2. changes its direction
3. taken in

4.
C.

1. F

2. F

3. T

4. T

5. F

D.
1. Because light on a flat surface changes direction.
2. Light changes its speed and direction.
3. It is transferred into heat (energy) .

TEXT 125 TAKE A PICTURE THAT CAN FLY


A.
1. revelations
5. correlate
2. commute
6. update
3. commissioned
7. unfolded
4. pronuslng
B.
1.F

2. T

3. F

4. T

5. F

C.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

office-equipmen t / heavy office Inachines


digital technology
pictures / images / photos
website
high-quality
(slim gray plastic) stylus
(high) price / (high) cost

TEXT 126 WHAT THE FUTURE HOLDS


A.
1. b
B.
1. our world(s) / the world(,s)
2. ife
3. (an) economically feasible substitute for fossil fuels

C.
1.

con1pnse

D.
l.T

2. F

2. advent

3. F

4. T

45

6. F

exactly the same as

E.
1. fundalnen tal principles of the physical world
2. their energy
3. the genetic contents of plants and animals
4. living things
5, 6.(any two of the following)
the molecular details of infection
the complexities of the inunune system
the process of aging
the complexity of the brain
7. (the) (mysterious) dark matter
TEXT
A.

127 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

1. 1956
2.

the electronic computer


3. the Dartmouth conference
4. (a new technology called) the fuzzy logic

B.
1. a

2. e

3. b

4. d

C.
l.T

2. F

3. T

4. T

5. c

D.
1.
2.

3.

Because they required large, separate and air-conditioned rOOlns


The thermostat
Voice and character recognition

TEXT 128 STEPHEN HAWKlNG


1. a

2. d

3. a

4. b

5. d

6. c

TEXT 129 CULTURE CLASH

A.

B.

1. the relationship
2. rules

2.

1.

vary
civility
3. dash

C.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

a)mobile
b) open
(often) last (only) a short tilne / are not very long and deep
a) private
b) other cultures
a) (more) crowded
b) less mobile
long-term relationships
(break/ change/ disobey/bend the (formal) rules
(needs of the) situation
(importance of the) person

46

OF

A.

B.

2.

1.
2.

zealous

c.
shows

is not

/ a verbal experiment that has

not worked out

2.

It has

3.

a solution

4.

S.

not travel well

D.
2. d

1.

remember .aH,O,,.,,,,,,,,,,
become unable to
aLL'-U'l..lVJ'~, follow instructions
tell their most
secrets, shout out their
one another

3.
4.

television channel
certain programs
a

2.

c.

B.

A.

1.

and

4. F

2. T

D.
have state-fun
or
In Central
don't like the progralu schedules
xvill
restricted to limited nUluber

1.

2.

programs

IT ALWAYS

47

television
and to

15

c.
hand sIgns
use these movements tOE~e(t1er to resemble ASL sentences
the
of the
children were deaf. In the
and one neanng

2.

is

ACROSS CULTURES

A.
2. d

2. c

3. c

B.
1.b

4. a

A.
1.
2.

4.

relaxes
certain
media watchers / average
of

B.
2.

3.

kind of

news

C.
contract
envy
immoral

1.

2.

c
c
b

4.

D.
1.

benefit from

2.

it the role of a
time with their

audiOVisual instruction and aural


sitter. It

"''''''''''',-AC'

the

communication / Parents

'-LU,-,'-".'-U

A.
1.

/ the

wCltKJlnp- out
in a certain direction
3. crossed
Sahara
/ the desert /

who rec:entlVl crossed the Grand

2.

\""U ..........ULUC.Ul:;:.

Grand

Occidental

the distance traveled

Occidental

B.
1.
3.

terrain
detours

C.
1.
2.

........ r';-rv'ru .... Lo

and horse

to run when

a member of the

3.
4.

Because some of the tasks they have to carry out are hard and tiring OR Because there' s
a lot of hard work involved in rehearsing and doing the less glamorous jobs in
Better grip OR The grip is much better.

TEXT

136 SPONSORING SPORTS

A.
1.
2.

B.
sports people
young people

1. bearing
2 . endorsing

C.
1.

2.
3.

a) (the) local community


buy (the best) equipment
a) training

b) national organiza tions


b) competition costs

D.
1.

So that spectators / people buy the sponsor's product


The name of the product / company is / will be / can be remembered any two Spectators /
people feel good about the company to get publicity
2. (Because) they like to be linked to success and excellence / they want thern to endorse their
products
3. By paying for the administration) organization, and expenses of the event
4. Private individuals, fundraisers) and large cOlnpanies
5. Find(ing) / To find a sponsor

137 THE HISTORY OF FOOTBALL


A.
1. football (that was) played in China/ football in China/ (the) Chinese football (game)
2. (the) head (of a Danish invader)

TEXT

B.
1.e

2. a

3. c

4. d

C.
1. c

2. d

3. a

4. d

D.
1. It helped them prepare for war by teaching them the skills needed for survival.
By teaching them / It taught them the skills for survival.
2. a) The players were often seriously injured.
b) There was a lot of property damage (throughout the town).

Text 138 Snowboarders Invade the Slopes


A.
1.

2.
3.
B.
1.
2.
3.
4.

novice
collisions
lure
Alertness and a fine sense of balance
By your third day, you can be going down slopes that beginning skiers wouldn't touch
(Because) they fear that adventurous snowboarders would frighten regular skiers
Next mon th, for example , the \Y'/orid Snowboard ClaSSIC will be held in Colorado wi th
more than 200 cOlnpetitors from ten countries

49

A.
the role of
reenagers
the (earn has

earn en()UQ'n money to pay its expenses

B.
3.

2. a

1. c

C.
1.
2.

4.

T
6. F

7.
8.

D.
1.

them.
aOITllre.look up to, and

3.

E.
1.

B.

A.
1.

C.

1.

4.

b
d

3.
4.

1. T
2. F

6.
7.

B.

A.

1.
2.

3.

T
F

/ babies /

scientists
4.

C.
fur /

1.

2.

4.

mountains
need to eat (1
their favorite
use their fron t

them

In

cold

A.
4.

3. F

2. F

B.
1.
2.

Chinese ....
you don't have many

'.v1th your

C.
because cats

143
A.
1

2.

pups

B.
3. T

2.

1.

D.

C.
1.

1. about the

Because its fur becomes


in winter
and fish eggs
fur coat

of its

A.
1 sharks
sharks
these / the vibrations
B.

/
2.

a)

eat
cancer

COlntnOn in

C.
1

2.

D.
aLULU."",>.J.0,

and anitnals.
and thus
it clean

GIANTS OF THE EARTH


A.
2.

B.
1.

Because
It is used for
a) to enjoy
b) to learn
to see

ma.Klnlg D.rac:elc~ts,

make money
and other ornaments

culture

U.I.-l.u.:>.uaJ.

51

their

c.
1.
2.
3.

to protect / to kill
its size .. .. . its trunk
(how) to use their trunks well

TEXT 146 THE EMPEROR PENGUIN


A.
1. insulation
3. breed
2. shelter
4. unique

B.
1.F

2. T

3. T

4. T

5. F

6. F

C.
2. b

I.e

TEXT 147 LANGUAGE FOR CHIMPS


A.
1. (the) cOffil11unicarive acts
2. (the) coordination of mouth and throat mechanisms
B.

l.T

2.F

3. F

C.
I.c

2. c

3. d

D.
1.
2.
3.
4.

language l11astery
Gua's increasing strength / (the) increasing strength of Gua.
(her) enormous agility / (her) being too active
human speech

TEXT
A.
l.T

148 How NEW YORK BEGAN


2. F

B.
1. Holland
2. the Half Moon
3. India

3. F

4.
5.

Manhattan
England

c.
1. (It means) hill island
2. (fhe Dutch/They built their town/it) in the south of the island/Manhattan
3. \X1hen All1erica won its independence from Britain / The United States was born) in 1776

52

TEXT 149 THE CALIFORNIA GOLD RUSH


A.
1. SutLer and Marshall
2. (fhe) Gold Rush
B.
1. T

2. F

3. F

2. b

3. a

4. T

5. F

C.
1.c

TEXT 150 THE GREAT WALL OF CHINA


A.
B.
1. (these/ the) walls
1. marauding
2. dynasty
2. boon
3. Mongol rulers (of the North)
3. erected
4. expelled
TEXT 151 ENGLISH
A.
1. these warriors/ (the) Angles
2. English
3. (the) East India Company

C.

D.
T
F

1. d
2. b

3. F

3. a

4.

4.

1.
2.

B.

C.

widespread
2. evaluate
3. head
4. indigenous

1.

1.

2. T
3. F
4. F

D.
1. the common people
2. religious freedom

3.
4.
5.
6.

northern part of Ireland


(the) Boer War
Afrikaans
C01nmetce (rather than immigration

TEXT 152J. Y. COUSTEAU


A.
1. the (boat) Calypso (part ocean-going lab and part yacht)
2. documentary / television series
B.
1. gadgets
2. synonymous
3. cemented
4. esteemed

C.
1. T
2.

3.
4.

T
F

D.
1.

2.
3.
4.
5.

(Because) he (becalne bored with school and) began to cause trouble


He fought (for the French) in \Vorld \V'ax II
To finance his trips and increase public awareness of his undersea investigations
To found the Undersea Research Group at Toulon
To protect ocean life

53

TEXT 153 ORSON WELLES


A.
B.
1. F
1- (respectable) middle-class family
2. T
2. playing the piano
3. T
3. started acting
4. director
5. career in the cinema

C.
1. d
2. b

TEXT 154 ALFRED NOBEL


A.
1. Alfred Nobel
2. Nobel Prizes

B.
l.T

2. T

3. F

4. T

C.
1.
2.

3.

The words "The Dynamite King" in the newspaper story disappointed him
There were no safe and powerful explosives to use (, so a lot of people working in the field of
construction lost their lives)
They remember- him asa man of peace (As) a man of peace
/

D.
1. the image that the world had of him
2. his fortune (of nine million dollars)
3. make a journey to reach the North Pole
4. encourage people who work for the good of the world

TEXT 155 A PEACEFUL REVOLUTIONARY


A.
1. the religious ideas of] ains
2. In prison
3. the poorest people (in India) / the untouchables
B.
1.
2.
3.

failures
boosted
victilTI

C.
(many) new) western ideas
a) wear his turban in court during a trial
b) leave the first-class C01TIpartment on the train (because he was not White)
3. the political rights of the Indians
4. a) civil disobedience
b) non-violent resistance
5. social problems
6. a) political
b)social

1.
2.

54

D.
1.

and
J..'-'L'~H.JUu

2.

1.
2.
3.

Muslims /

make the Hindus and

intolerance

South Poles
cross the island
cross over
sno'\..'V')T mountains and reach the
follow the
route

B.
1. sank
2. drifted

C.
1 F

D.

2.

2.
3.
4.

to make the
had very little food
froin the

station

E.
1.
2.

3.

weather

because of

B.
1. T

A.
1.
2.

2.

artificial

C.
1.
overstressed workers

two

the
2.

The

cold
any two
full of sharks

A.
l.F

5. T

B.
and lce- I1:smn,g

1.
2.

"'C1.r~"'''.''L homes

3.

55

the

TEXT 159 THE HEBRIDES ISLANDS

A.
l.T

2. T

3. F

2. b

3. d

4. T

5. F

6. T

B.
1.c

TEXT

160 THE NEW IMAGE OF MUSEUMS

A.
1. F

3. F

2. T

4. T

B.
1. They use the money to maintain the building, pay the staff, finance research, and buy new
exhibits
2. Because it will enable a member to visit / then you can visit the museum without paying and
at times when it's nonnally closed (so that you can admire the exhibits when the crowds have
gone.)
3. To give parties / as a setting for parties
C.
1. a) how a television camera works (by actually using one)
b) how to operate the controls of an airplane (and watch the wings and the tail move)
2. gift shops

TEXT 161 THE MAGIC OF THE SILVER SCREEN


A.
1. (the) scenes
2. (some of) the audience
3. the first film with synchronized sound / 1927
4. a/the background scene
C.
l.F

3. T

2. F

4. F

B.
1. escape
2. quick
3. decreased
4. developed

5. F

D.
1.
2.

Language
\XTith this techn.ique, the vlewers get the impression that Superman is flying over a
landscape.
3. The stop-action technique

TEXT

162 CINEMA

A.
1.
2.

d
b

3. c
4. a

5. a
6. b

7. c
8. c

9. d
10. a

B.
1. To show that film stars took an interest in other areas (as weB)
2. They are finding success not only in fealure films but also on (/in other areas like)
television and pop promotional videos

56

APPENDIX A. LOGICAL SEQUENCE


1.
12. b
23. c
c
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11 .

b
a

d
c
b
c
d
a

c
a

13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20 .
21.
22.

c
c
d
b
c
d
b
c
c

24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29 .
30 .
31.
32.
33.

c
b
b
d
a
a
c
b
a

I
34.
35.
36 .
37 .
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43 .
44.

d
d
b
a
c

d
c
b
c
a

APPENDIX B. PARAGRAPH COMPLETION


16. c
1. b
11. c
6. d
17. a
7. a
12. b
2. d
13. c
18. a
3. b
8. a
14. d
19. c
4. c
9. a

5. a

10. b

15. a

APPENDIX C. TEXT COMPLETION


4. E
2. G
3. A
1. C

20. c

5. B

57

45.
46.
47 .
48.
49.
50.
51.
52.
53 .
55 .

b
c
b
a

d
a
b
c
b
b

56.
57 .
58 .
59.
60 .
61.
62.
63 .

c
c
b
a

d
d
a