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: WAVE

Week

Week 1 4–8 Jan 2010

Learning Objective

6.1 Understanding Waves

Learning Outcomes

A student is able to: • describe what is meant by wave motion.

Suggested Activities

Observe situations to gain an idea of waves as illustrated by vibrations in ropes, slinky springs, or ripple tank. Carry out activities using a ripple tank and slinky spring to demonstrate: a) that waves transfer energy without transferring matter. b) transverse and longitudinal waves c) wavefronts d) the direction of propagation of waves in relation to wavefronts. View computer simulation to gain an idea of : a) transverse and longitudinal waves b) wavefronts c) direction of propagation of waves in relation to wavefronts for transverse and longitudinal waves.

Notes

**Minimum Requirement & Sources
**

JPNP Module Ex. 6.11 Module for excellent P1 : 10 P2 (Structured) : 2

•

recognize that waves transfer energy without transferring matter. • compare transverse and longitudinal waves and give examples of each. • state what is meant by a wave front. • state the direction of propagation of waves in relation to wavefronts.

Week 2 11 – 15 Jan 2010

•

define i. amplitude ii. period iii. frequency iv. wavelength v. wave speed

Observe an oscillating system such as a simple pendulum or a loaded spring to define amplitude, period and frequency. View computer simulations to gain and understanding of : a) amplitude (a) b) period (T)

JPNP Module Ex. 6.11 Module for excellent P1 : 10 P2 (Structured) : 2

1

Week

Learning Objective

Learning Outcomes

Suggested Activities

c) frequency (f) d) wavelength (λ ) e) wave speed (v)

Notes

Minimum Requirement & Sources

• •

sketch and interpret a displacement – time graph for a wave. sketch and interpret a displacement – distance graph for a wave. clarify the relationship between speed, wavelength and frequency. solve problems involving speed, wavelength and frequency. describe damping in a oscillating system. describe resonance in a oscillating system.

Discuss amplitude and period with the aid of a displacement- time graph for a wave. Discuss amplitude and wavelength with the aid of a displacement- distance graph for a wave Discuss the relationship between speed, wavelength and frequency. Discuss to solve problems involving speed, wavelength and frequency. Observe and discuss the effect of ; a) damping in an oscillating system b) resonance in an oscillating system such as a Barton’s pendulum.

•

•

V = fλ from v= s t

can be derived

• •

Week 3 18 – 22 Jan 2010

6.2 Analysing reflection of waves

A student is able to: • Describe reflection of waves in terms of angle of incidence, angle of reflection, wavelength, frequency, speed and direction of propagation

Carry out activities to observe reflection of: a) plane waves in a ripple tank, b) light, c) sound waves. Discuss the characteristics of the reflected wave in terms of the angle of reflection, wavelength, frequency, speed and direction of propagation in relation to the incidence wave. View computer simulations of reflection of waves.

Reflection of circular water waves and the use of curved reflectors are not required.

JPNP Module Ex. 6.21 P1 : 10 P2 (Structured) : 2

•

Draw a diagram to show reflection of waves

6.3 Analysing refraction of

A student is able to:

Carry out activities to observe refraction of : a) plane water waves in a ripple tank,

Include refraction of water waves over

JPNP Module Ex. 6.3

2

Week

Learning Objective

waves •

Learning Outcomes

describe refraction of waves in terms of the angle of incidence, angle of refraction, wavelength, frequency, speed and direction of propagation. Draw a diagram to show refraction of b) c)

Suggested Activities

light waves, sound waves.

Notes

straight, concave and convex transparent blocks.

**Minimum Requirement & Sources
**

P2 (Structured) : 6

•

waves

Discuss the characteristics of the refracted wave in terms of the angle of refraction, wavelength, frequency, speed and direction of propagation in relation to the incident wave. View computer simulations of refraction of waves

Week 4 25 – 29 Jan 2010

6.4 Analysing diffraction of waves

A student is able to:

•

Describe diffraction of waves in terms of wavelength, frequency, speed, direction of propagation and shape of waves. Draw a diagram to show diffraction of waves.

Carry out activities to observe refraction of : a) water waves in a ripple tank, b) light waves, c) sound waves. Discuss the characteristics of the diffracted waves in terms of wavelength, frequency, speed, direction of propagation and shape of waves in relation to the incident wave. View computer simulations on diffraction of waves. A student is able to:

Discuss the effect of size of gap on the degree of diffraction.

JPNP Module Ex. 6.4

•

P1 : 10 P2 (Structured) : 2 P2 (Essay) : 1

Week 5 1- 5 Feb 2010

6.5 Analysing interference of wave

Observe a mechanical model such as a slinky spring to gain an idea of superposition. Carry out activities to observe interference patterns of: a) water waves in a ripple tank, b) light waves, c) sound waves Discus constructive and destructive interference

•

state the principle of superposition

• • •

explain the interference of waves draw interference patterns interpret interference patterns

Young’s double slit experiment may be used to show interference of light.

JPNP Module Ex. 6.5

**P1 : 10 P2 (Structured) : 2 P2 (essay) : 1
**

λ - wavelength X – the distance

• Discus λ = ax

solve problems involving

3

Week

Learning Objective

Learning Outcomes

D

Suggested Activities

λ = ax D

Notes

between two consecutive nodes A – the distance between the two wave sources D – the perpendicular distance from the source to the position where x is measured

Minimum Requirement & Sources

Week 6 8 -12 Feb 2010

6.6 Analysing sound waves

A student is able to: • describe sound waves

Discuss a) b)

the production of sound by vibrating sources sound waves as a longitudinal wave requiring a medium for propagation

JPNP Module Ex. 6.6

explain how the loudness relates to amplitude • explain how the pitch relates to frequency • describe applications of reflection of sound waves • calculate distances using the reflection of sound waves •

View computer simulations or carry out activities to observe the effect of : a) amplitude on loudness b) frequency on pitch View computer simulations or video to gain an idea of applications of sound waves Research and report on applications of the reflection of sound waves, e.g sonar and ultrasound scanning

P1 : 10 P2 (Structured) : 2 P2 (essay) : 1 P3 (Q2) : 1 P3 (essay) : 1

**Perayaan Tahun Baru Cina 14 – 16 Februari 2010 Week 7 17 – 19 Feb 2010
**

6.7 Analyzing electromagnetic waves A student is able to: describe the electromagnetic spectrum state that visible light is a part of electromagnetic spectrum. list sources of electromagnetic waves describe the properties of electromagnetic waves Research and report on the component of the electromagnetic spectrum in terms of; a) b) decreasing wavelength and increasing frequency sources Emphasize that the electromagnetic spectrum is continuous.

JPNP Module Ex. 6.7

Discuss the properties of electromagnetic waves.

P1 : 10 P2 (Structured) : 2

4

Week

Learning Objective

Learning Outcomes

describe applications of electromagnetic waves

Suggested Activities

Discuss applications of electromagnetic waves such as: a) radio waves in broadcasting and communications, b) microwaves in satellites and cellular telephones c) infra- red rays in household appliances, remote control and night vision devices, d) visible light in optical fibres and photography,

Notes

Minimum Requirement & Sources

e)

f) g) • describe the detrimental effects of excessive exposure to certain components of the electromagnetic spectrum

ultraviolet rays in fluorescent lamps and sterillisation, x-rays in hospital and engineering applications gamma rays in medical treatment

JPNP Module Ex. Reinforcement P1 : 10 P2 (Structured) : 3 P2 (essay) : 1

Research and report on the detrimental effects of excessive exposure to certain components of the electromagnetic spectrum.

5

**LEARNING AREA: ELECTRICITY
**

Week

Week 8 22 – 26 Feb 2010 Week 9 1–5 Mac 2010

Learning Objective

Learning Outcomes

Suggested Activities Ujian 1

Notes

Minimum Requirement & Sources

7.1 Analysing electric fields and charge flow

A student is able to:

• • • •

State the relationship between electron flow and electric current. Define electric current. Describe an electric field. Sketch electric field lines showing the direction of the field.

Discuss electric current as the rate of charge flow, i.e.

Carry out activities/view computer simulations to study electric field lines for different arrangements of charges. Observe the effect of an electric field on: a ping-pong ball coated with conducting material, a candle flame. Discuss to solve problems involving electric charge and current.

Q I = t

Recall the activity carried out using a Van de Graff generator to show the relationship between electric charge and current flow.

JPNP Module Ex. 7.1

I – current Q – charge T - time

P1 : 10 P2 (Structured) : 2

•

Describe the effect of an electric field on a charge.

•

Week 10 8 – 12 Mac

7.2 Analysing the relationship between electric current and potential difference

Solve problem involving electric charge and current

A student is able to: • Define potential difference.

View computer simulations to gain an understanding of potential difference. Discuss potential difference(V) as work done (W) when moving 1 C of charge(Q) between two points in an electric field , i.e.

Potential difference and voltage may be used interchangeably here.

JPNP Module Ex. 7.2 P1 : 10 P2 (Structured) : 2 P2 (essay) : 2 P3 (Q1 ) : 2 P3 (Q2) : 2

6

Week

Learning Objective

Learning Outcomes

• Plan and conduct an experiment to find the relationship between current and potential difference • Describe the relationship between current and potential difference. State Ohm’s law • Define resistance V=

Suggested Activities W Q

Notes

**Minimum Requirement & Sources
**

P3 (essay) : 2

Plan and conduct an experiment to find the relationship between current and potential difference for an ohmic conductor. Discuss Ohm’s law as the relationship between potential difference and current at constant temperature. Discuss resistance as the ratio of potential difference to current for an ohmic conductor. conduct experiments to study and discuss factors that affect resistance, i.e. the type of material, cross-sectional area, length and temperature. Discuss to solve problems involving potential difference, current and resistance. Research and report on superconductors

•

Module Enrichment JPNP

•

Explain factors that affect resistance.

•

Solve problem involving potential difference, current and resistance. Describe superconductors

•

Week 11 15 – 19 Mac 2010 Week 12 22 – 26 Mac 2010

1st Mid Term Break 7.3 Analysing series and parallel circuits A student is able to : • Identify series and parallel circuits. • Compare the current and potential difference of series circuits and parallel circuits.

Carry out activities to identify series and parallel circuits. Carry out activities to study the current, I and potential difference, V in series and parallel circuits using ammeters and voltmeters to show the value of I and V. Calculate the effective resistance of resistors connected in :

JPNP Module Ex. 7.3

• •

Determine the effective resistance of resistors connected in series. Determine the effective resistance of

P1 : 10 P2 (Structured) : 2 P2 (essay) : 2

7

Week

Learning Objective

•

Learning Outcomes

resistors connected in parallel. Solve problems involving current, potential difference and resistance in series circuits, parallel circuits and their combinations a) series b) parallel

Suggested Activities

Notes

Minimum Requirement & Sources

Week 13 29 Mac – 2 Apr 2010

7.4 Analysing electromotive force and internal resistance

A student should be able to: • Define electromotive force (e.m.f)

Discuss and apply principles of current, potential difference and resistance in series and parallel circuits to new situations and to solve problems. Discuss e.m.f as the work done by a source in driving a unit charge around a complete circuit. Carry out activities to distinguish between e.m.f and potential difference Carry out an activity to study internal resistance

•

Compare e.m.f and potential difference

Clarify that e.m.f is not a force but energy per unit charge

JPNP Module Ex. 7.4

• •

Explain internal resistance Determine e.m.f and internal resistance

Carry out an activity to determine e.m.f and internal resistance of a battery by plotting a voltage against current graph Discuss to solve problems involving e.m.f and internal resistance

P1 : 10 P2 (Structured) : 2 P2 (essay) : 1 P3 (Q2) : 2

•

Solve problem involving e.m.f and internal resistance

Week 14 5–9 Apr 2010 Week 15 12 – 16 Apr 2010

Ujian 2

7.5 Analysing Electrical energy and power A student is able to: • Define electrical energy. • Define electric power. Discuss the relationship between : a) energy (E), voltage (V), current (I) and time (t) b) power (P), voltage (V) and current (I). Discuss to solve problems involving electrical energy and power. Compare the power rating of various household appliances and calculate energy used for a fixed period of time. Carry out activities to compare household electrical appliances that perform the same function such as a tungsten-filament light bulb in

JPNP Module Ex. 7.5

•

Solve problems involving electrical energy and power. Compare power rating and energy consumption of various electrical appliances. Compare various electrical appliances in terms of efficient.

•

P1 : 10 P2 (Structured) : 2

•

8

Week

Learning Objective

•

Learning Outcomes

Describe ways of increasing energy efficiency.

Suggested Activities

terms of efficient use of energy. Research and report on ways of increasing energy efficiency in the home or school. Discuss the importance of maintenance in ensuring efficiency of electrical appliances.

Notes

Minimum Requirement & Sources

**LEARNING AREA: ELECTROMAGNETISM
**

Week

Week 16 19 – 23 Apr 2010

Learning Objective

8.1 Analysing the magnetic effect of current- carrying conductor

Learning Outcomes

A student is able to: • State what an electromagnet is • Draw the magnetic field pattern due to a current in a : i. ii. iii. Straight wire Coil Solenoid

Suggested Activities

Recall what an electromagnet is. Carry out activities to study the pattern and direction of the magnetic field due to the current in a i. Straight wire ii. Coil iii. Solenoid Plan conduct experiment to study factors that effect the strength to the magnetic field of an electromagnet example: a) The number of turns on the coil b) The size of current carried by the coil c) The use of a soft iron core Research and report on application of electromagnets such as in electric bells, circuit breakers, electromagnetic relays and telephone ear-pieces. Carry out activities to show the force on a current – carrying conductor in a magnetic field including the effect of reversing the direction of

Notes

The right-hand grip rule may be introduced.

**Minimum Requirement & Sources
**

JPNP Module Ex. 8.1

P1 : 10 P2 (Structured) : 2 P2 (essay) : 1

•

Plan conduct experiment to study factors that effect the strength to the magnetic field of an electromagnet.

•

Describe and application of electromagnet

Week 17 26 – 30 Apr 2010

8.2 Understanding the force on a current –

A student is able to: • Describe what happens to a currentcarrying conductor in a magnetic field

Fleming’s left-hand rule may be introduced.

JPNP Module Ex. 8.2

9

Week

Learning Objective

carrying conductor in a magnetic field . •

Learning Outcomes

Suggested Activities

the current and a magnetic field.

Notes

Minimum Requirement & Sources

•

Draw a pattern of the combined magnetic field due to current – carrying conductor in a magnetic field. Describe how a current – carrying conductor in a magnetic field experiences a force. Explain the factors that affect the magnitude of the force on a currentcarrying conductor in a magnetic field

View computer simulations to gain an understanding of the resultant magnetic field obtained by combining the magnetic fields due to a current –carrying conductor and a magnet

P1 : 10 P2 (Structured) : 2 P3 (essay) : 1

•

Carry out experiments to study factors that affect the force on a current-carrying conductor in a magnetic field and discuss how the effect the force on a current- carrying conductor in a magnetic field. Carry out activities to observe the turning effect of a current carrying coil in a magnetic field.

The working principle of a moving – coil ammeter may also be discussed

•

Describe how a current carrying coil in a magnetic field experiences a turning force Describe how a direct current motor works

•

Discuss how the turning effect of a current carrying –coil in a magnetic field is used in the action of motor Carry out activities or view computer simulations to study factors that affect the speed of rotation of an electric motor. Carry out activities to observe electromagnetic induction in a : a) straight wire b) solenoid Discuss electromagnetic induction as the production of an electromotive force in a conductor when there is relative motion of the conductor across a magnetic field.

•

Week 18 3–7 May 2010

8.3 Analysing electromagnetic induction

State factors that affect the speed of rotation of an electric motor..

Comparisons to an alternating current motor may also be discussed. Faraday’s law and Lenz’s law may be introduced Fleming’s right-hand rule may be introduced

A student is able to: • Describe electromagnetic induction

JPNP Module Ex. 8.3

P1 : 10

10

Week

Learning Objective

•

Learning Outcomes

Indicate the direction of the induced current in a : straight wire solenoid explain factors that affect the magnitude of the current.

Suggested Activities

Discuss the direction of the induced current in a : a) straight wire b) solenoid Carry out activities to study factors that affect the magnitude of the induced current and discuss how they affect the magnitude of the induced current Research and report on applications of electromagnetic induction such as in direct current (d.c) and alternating current (a.c) generators. Observe and discuss the output generated by a direct current and alternating current source on a display unit such as a cathode ray oscilloscope

Notes

Minimum Requirement & Sources

•

•

Describe applications of electromagnetic induction

•

Compare direct current and alternating current

Week 19 10 – 14 May 2010 Week 20 17 - 21 May 2010 Week 21 24 - 28 May 2010 Week 22 - 23 29 May 11 Jun 2010 Week 24 14 – 18 Jun 2010

Mid Year Exam 2010 Mid Year Exam 2010 Mid Year Exam 2010

**2nd Mid Term Break
**

8.4 Analysing transformer A student is able to: • Describe the structure and the operating principle of a simple transformer • Carry out activities to gain an understanding of the structure and the operating principle of a simple step up and a step down transformer.

JPNP Module Ex. 8.4 P1 : 10 P2 (Structured) : 2

11

Week

Learning Objective

•

Learning Outcomes

Compare and contrast a step up and step down transformer

Suggested Activities

Notes

**Minimum Requirement & Sources
**

P2 (essay) : 2

P3 (Essay) : 1

A student is shoud be able to:

• •

State that

Vp Vs

=

Np Ns

•

for an ideal

Carry out the activities to study the relationship between number of turns of the primary coil (

N p ), number of turns of the

transformer State that transformer

**secondary coil ( for an ideal •
**

p

V p I p =V s I s

**(V ) and secondary voltage (V ) .
**

s

Ns

), primary voltage

Discuss the relationship between output and input power in an ideal transformer,

V p I p =V s I s

Week 25 21- 25 Jun 2010

8.5 Understanding the generation and transmission of electricity

A student should be able to: • Describe the energy losses in a transformer • Describe ways to improve the efficiency of a transformer • Solve the problems involving transformer A student is able to : • List sources of energy used to generate electricity. Describe the various ways of generating electricity. Describe the transmission of electricity. Describe the energy loss in electricity transmission cables and deduce the advantage of high voltage transmission. State the importance of the National Grid Network.

• Discuss energy losses in a transformer and ways to improve the efficiency of a transformer. • Discuss to solve problems involving transformer.

Research and report on various sources or energy used to generate electricity such as hydro, gas, nuclear, diesel, coal, biomass, sun and wind. View computer simulations to gain an understanding on the use of various sources to generate electricity. Study a model of electricity transmission. Discuss the energy loss in cables and the advantage of high voltage transmission. View computer simulations to gain an understanding of the National Grid Network. Research and report on :

JPNP Module Ex. 8.5

•

P1 : 7

• •

•

12

Week

Learning Objective

•

Learning Outcomes

Solve problems involving electricity transmission. Explain the importance of renewable energy. Explain the effects on the environment caused by the use of various sources to generate electricity. c) a) b)

Suggested Activities

the importance of the National Grid Network in terms of efficient energy distribution, the importance of energy efficiency and renewable energy sources in view of limited energy sources, the effects on the environment caused by the use of various sources to generate electricity.

Notes

**Minimum Requirement & Sources
**

JPNP Module Ex. Reinforcement P1 : 20 P2 (Structured) : 3 P2 (essay) : 3

• •

**LEARNING AREA: ELECTRONICS
**

Week

Week 26 28 Jun – 2 July 2010

Learning Objective

9.1 Understanding the uses of the Cathode Ray Oscilloscope (C.R.O)

Learning Outcomes

A student is able to:

Suggested Activities

Notes

Minimum Requirement & Sources

• • • • • • •

Explain thermionic emission. Describe the properties of cathode rays. Describe the working principle of the cathode ray oscilloscope. Measure potential difference using the C.R.O. Measure short time intervals using the C.R.O. Display wave forms using the C.R.O. Solve problems based on the C.R.O. display.

View computer simulations to gain an understanding of thermionic emission. Carry out activities to study the properties of cathode rays using apparatus such as the Maltese Cross tube. Discuss the cathode ray oscilloscope from the following aspects: a) electron gun, b) deflection system c) fluorescent screen d) energy changes Carry out activities using a C.R.O. to : a) measure potential different, b) measure short time intervals, c) display wave form. Discuss to solve problems based on the C.R.O. display.

JPNP Module Ex. 9.1

P2 (Structured) : 8

13

Week

Week 27 5–9 July 2010

Learning Objective

9.2 Understanding semiconductor diodes

Learning Outcomes

A student is able to:

Suggested Activities

Notes

Minimum Requirement & Sources

• • • • • •

Describe semiconductors in terms of resistance and free electrons. Describe n-type and p-type semiconductors. Describe semiconductor diodes. Describe the function of diodes. Describe the use of diodes as rectifiers. Describe the use of capacitor to smooth out output current and output voltage in a rectifier circuit.

View computer simulations to gain an understanding of properties of semiconductors in terms of its resistance and free electrons. View computer simulations to gain an understanding of : a) n-type and p-type semiconductors, b) semiconductor diodes, Carry out activities to observe current flow through a semiconductor diode ( p-n junction) in forward bias or reverse bias. Build a half-wave rectifier circuit and full-wave rectifier circuit. Observe half-wave rectification and full-wave rectification using an instrument such as a C.R.O. Observe and discuss the effect of putting a capacitor in a : a) half-wave rectifier circuit b) full-wave rectifier circuit.

The term doping may be introduced.

JPNP Module Ex. 9.2

P1 : 10 P2 (Structured) : 2 P2 (essay) : 1

Week 28 12 – 16 July 2010 Week 29 19 – 23 July 2010

Ujian 3

9.3 Understanding transistors A student is able to:

• •

Describe a transistor in terms of its terminals. Describe how a transistor can be used as a

With the aid of diagrams, discuss a transistor in terms of its terminals i.e. base, collector and emitter. Carry out activities to show a transistor as a

JPNP Module Ex. 9.3

14

Week

Learning Objective

Learning Outcomes

current amplifier.

Suggested Activities

current amplifier. Set up a transistor-based electronic-based electronic circuit that functions as a light, heat or sound controlled switch.

Notes

**Minimum Requirement & Sources
**

P1 : 10 P2 (Structured) : 2 P2 (essay) : 1

•

Describe how a transistor can be used as an automatic switch.

Week 30 26 – 30 July 2010

9.4 Analysing logic gates

A Student is able to : • state that logic gates are switching circuits in computers and other electronic systems. list and draw symbols for the following logic gates : i) AND, ii) OR, iii) NOT, iv) NAND, v) NOR State the action of the following logic gates in a truth table : i) AND, ii) OR, iii) NOT, iv) NAND, v) NOR. Build truth tables for logic gates in combination for a maximum of 2 inputs. Describe applications of logic gate control systems. Discuss logic gates as switching circuits in computers and other electronic systems.

JPNP Module Ex. Reinforcement P1 : 20 P2 (Structured) : 4

•

Research and report on symbols for the following logic gates : a) AND, b) OR, c) NOT, d) NAND, e) NOR. Carry out activities to study the action of the following logic gates : a) AND, b) OR, c) NOT, d) NAND, e) NOR. Build truth tables for logic gates and their combinations. Research and report on logic gate control systems

Past year question SPM Paper 2.

•

•

•

15

Week

Learning Objective

Learning Outcomes

Suggested Activities

such as in security systems, safety systems and street lights.

Notes

Minimum Requirement & Sources

**LEARNING AREA: RADIOACTIVITY
**

Week

Week 31 2–6 Ogos 2010

Learning Objective

10.1 Understanding the nucleus of an atom

Learning Outcomes

Suggested Activities

Notes

**Minimum Requirement & Sources
**

JPNP Module Ex. 10.1

A student is able to:

• • • • •

Describe the composition of the nucleus of an atom in terms of protons and neutrons Define proton number (Z) and nucleon number (A) Explain the term nuclide Use the nuclide notation Z Define the term isotope

A

View computer simulations or models to gain an understanding of : a) the composition of the nucleus, b) isotopes. Research and report on the terms nuclide and isotope.

P2 (Structured) : 4

X

JPNP Module Ex. 10.2

10.2 Analysing radioactive decay

A student is able to:

View computer simulations or models to gain an understanding radioactivity. Discuss: a) that radioactivity is spontaneous disintegration of an unstable nucleus

• •

State what radioactivity is Name common detectors for radioactive emissions.

The structure of detectors are not required

P1 : 20

16

Week 32 9 – 13 Ogos 2010

accompanied by the emission of energetic particles or photons b) the detection of radioactive emission using detectors such as cloud chambers and GeigerMuller tubes

P2 (Structured) : 2 P2 (essay) : 2

•

Compare the 3 kinds of radioactive emissions in term of their nature.

Discuss the characteristics of radioactive emission i.e alpha particles, beta particles and gamma rays in term of their: a) relative ionizing effects b) relative penetrating powers c) deflection by electric and magnetic fields

• • •

• •

Explain what radioactive decay is. Use equations to represent changes in the composition of the nucleus when particles are emitted. Explain half-life determine half-life from a decay curve solve problems involving half-life

Discuss radioactive decay with the aid of equations. Carry out activities to gain an understanding of half-life.

Discuss a typical decay curve. Discuss to solve problems involving half-life Discuss radioisotopes. Research and report on applications of radioisotopes in the fields of:

Week 33 16 – 20 Ogos 2010

10.3 Understanding the uses of radioisotopes

A student is able to: • Define radioisotopes. • Name examples of radioisotopes. • Describe applications of radioisotopes

JPNP Module Ex. 10.3

a) b) c) d)

Medicine, Agriculture, Archaeology, Industry.

P1 : 10 P2 (Structured) : 1

View computer simulations on applications of radioisotopes. Visit the Malaysian Institute for Nuclear Technology Research (MINT) or other suitable

17

places to see various applications of radioisotopes.

Week 34 23 – 27 Ogos 2010

10.4 Understanding nuclear energy

A student is able to :

• • • • • • •

Define atomic mass unit (a.m.u). Describe nuclear fission.

View computer simulations to gain an understanding of: a) nuclear fission, b) chain reactions, c) nuclear fusion

JPNP Module Ex. 10.4

P2 (Structured) : 2 P2 (essay) : 2

Give examples of nuclear fission. Describe chain reactions. Describe nuclear fusion. Give examples of nuclear fusion. Relate the release of energy in a nuclear reaction with a change of mass according to the equation

Discuss: a) atomic mass unit (a.m.u), b) nuclear fission, c) chain reactions, d) nuclear fusion.

Discuss the relationship between mass defect and the nuclear energy produced in nuclear fission and nuclear fusion, i.e

E = mc 2 .

E = mc 2 .

Research and report on the generation of electricity from nuclear energy. Discuss the pros and cons of using nuclear fission to generate electricity. Discuss to solve problems involving nuclear energy.

• Describe the generation of electricity from nuclear fission. • Justify the use of nuclear fission in the generation of electricity. • Solve problems involving nuclear energy.

Week 35 30 Ogos – 3 Sep 2010

10.5 Realising the importance of proper management of radioactive substances

A student is able to: • • • describe the negative effects of radioactive substances. describe safety precautions needed in the handling of radioactive substances. describe the management of radioactive waste

Research and reports on: a) the negative effects of radioactive substances b) safety precautions that should be taken when handling radioactive substances c) management of radioactive waste

JPNP Module Ex. 10.5 P2 (Structured) : 1 JPNP Module Ex. Reinforcement P1 : 10

18

P2 (Structured) : 2 P2 (essay) : 2 Week 36 4 – 12 Sept 2010 Week 37 13 – 17 Sept 2010 Week 38 20 – 24 Sept 2010 Week 39 27 Sep – 1 Oct 2010 Week 40 4–8 Oct 2010 Week 41 11 - 15 Oct2010 Week 42 18 – 22 Oct 2010 Week 43 25 – 29 Oct 2010 Week 44 1–5 Nov 2010 Week 45 8 – 12 Nov 2010 Week 46 15 – 19

3rd Mid Term Break Revision for Trial SPM 2010 Trial SPM 2010 Trial SPM 2010 Trial SPM 2010 Revision for SPM 2010 Revision for SPM 2010 Revision for SPM 2010 Revision for SPM 2010 Revision for SPM 2010 Revision for SPM 2010

19

Nov 2010 Week 47 -51

<< SPM 2010 >>

Week 52

End of Year Break

20

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