Contoh Penandaan Nota

6.4 ANALYSING DIFFRACTION OF WAVES 1. Diffraction of waves is …….......................................................................... they move through a gap or around an obstacle. 2. The effect of diffraction is obvious only if small (a) the size of the aperture or obstacle is …………..small / large enough. large (b) the wavelength is ……………… small /large enough. 3. Frequency, wavelength and …………………of waves do not change direction of propagation and the pattern 4. The …………………………………………. of the waves are change Diffraction of water waves

the spreading out of waves when

speed

Exercise 6.4 1. The table shows the properties of diffracted water waves as they pass through a gap. Choose the correct answers given into the blanks. Unchanged Increased Decreased After passing through a gap

Properties of diffracted water waves Wavelength Speed Frequency

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

2. Complete the diagrams below by drawing the wavefronts to show the diffraction of water waves. (a) Narrow gap ≤ λ (b) Wider gap > λ

(c)Wider obstacle

(d) Narrow obstacle

incorrect
From the diagram above, 1. The ………….(narrower/wider) the gap, the more the waves spread out. little 2. When the gap is much wider than the wavelength of the waves, there is …………. (little/more) diffraction.

Please do correction Checked 16/1/09

Contoh Penandaan Latihan Part C : Essay Questions 1.

(ii) Diagram 1.1 Diagram 1.1(i) shows the condition of a car moving at high velocity when it suddenly crashes into a wall. Diagram 1.1(ii) shows a tennis ball hit with racquet by a player. a) (i) What is the meaning of momentum? Based on the observations of Diagram (i) and (ii), compare the characteristics of car when it crashes into the wall and the tennis ball when it is hit with a racquet. Hence, relate these characteristics to clarify a physics concept, and name this concept. Explain why a tennis player uses a taut racquet when playing. In launching a rocket, a few technical problems have to be overcome before the rocket can move upright to the sky. By using appropriate physics concepts, describe the design of a rocket and the launch techniques that can launch the rocket upright. (ii)

(i)

b) c)

Answer a)

(i) (ii)

p=mv

1

- shape of car changed but the shape of wall remained. - The shape of ball and the shape of the racquet string was changed. - The time taken of collision between the ball and racquet string more than the time taken when the car hit the wall. - The impulsive force will increase when the time of collision increased.
1

1

- The concept is the impulsive force

1

b)

- To decrease the time of collision between the ball and 1 the racquet string. - Impulsive force will be increased. 1 - The player can hit the ball harder. - The velocity of ball will be increased.
2

c)

– Front of rocket torpedo shape : To decrease air friction 2 - Body of rocket made with strong material : To withstand high pressure 2 - Material must be of low density : To reduce the mass/weight 2 - Rocket fuel made in stages : To be ejectedto reduce mass - Made of low heat capacity of materials1 :will not get hot easly

14/20 Good, please do correction 16/3/09

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful