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# Contoh Penandaan Nota

## 6.4 ANALYSING DIFFRACTION OF WAVES

the spreading out of waves when
1. Diffraction of waves is ……..........................................................................
they move through a gap or around an obstacle.
2. The effect of diffraction is obvious only if
small
(a) the size of the aperture or obstacle is …………..small / large enough.
large
(b) the wavelength is ……………… small /large enough.
speed
3. Frequency, wavelength and …………………of waves do not change
direction of propagation and the patternof the waves are change
4. The ………………………………………….

## Diffraction of water waves

Exercise 6.4
1. The table shows the properties of diffracted water waves as they pass through a
gap. Choose the correct answers given into the blanks.

## Properties of diffracted water waves After passing through a gap

Wavelength Unchanged
Speed Unchanged
Frequency Unchanged
2. Complete the diagrams below by drawing the wavefronts to show the diffraction of water
waves.

## (a) Narrow gap ≤ λ (b) Wider gap > λ

(c)Wider obstacle
(d) Narrow obstacle

incorrect
From the diagram above,
1. The ………….(narrower/wider) the gap, the more the waves spread out.
little
2. When the gap is much wider than the wavelength of the waves, there is ………….
(little/more) diffraction.

Checked
16/1/09
Contoh Penandaan Latihan

## Part C : Essay Questions

1.

(i) (ii)
Diagram 1.1
Diagram 1.1(i) shows the condition of a car moving at high velocity when it
suddenly crashes into a wall.
Diagram 1.1(ii) shows a tennis ball hit with racquet by a player.
a) (i) What is the meaning of momentum?

(ii) Based on the observations of Diagram (i) and (ii), compare the
characteristics of car when it crashes into the wall and the tennis
ball when it is hit with a racquet. Hence, relate these characteristics
to clarify a physics concept, and name this concept.
b) Explain why a tennis player uses a taut racquet when playing.

## c) In launching a rocket, a few technical problems have to be overcome

before the rocket can move upright to the sky. By using appropriate
physics concepts, describe the design of a rocket and the launch
techniques that can launch the rocket upright.

a) (i) p=mv

## (ii) - shape of car changed but the shape of wall

remained.
- The shape of ball and the shape of the racquet
string was changed. 1
- The time taken of collision between the ball and
racquet string more than the time taken when
the car hit the wall.
- The impulsive force will increase when the time
of collision increased.
1
- The concept is the impulsive force
1
b) - To decrease the time of collision between
1 the ball and
the racquet string.
- Impulsive force will be increased.
- The player can hit the ball harder. 1
- The velocity of ball will be increased.

2
c) – Front of rocket torpedo shape
: To decrease air friction 2
- Body of rocket made with strong material
: To withstand high pressure 2
- Material must be of low density
: To reduce the mass/weight
2
- Rocket fuel made in stages
: To be ejectedto reduce mass
- Made of low heat capacity of materials1
- :will not get hot easly

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