Department of Mathematics
Semester 1 2013/2014
SSCE 1793 Differential Equations
Instruction: Answer ALL questions.
Test 1 (15%)
Time: 60 minutes
y(1) = 0
[6 marks]
4. Show the following differential equation is homogeneous and find the general solution.
x
p
dy
y = x2 y 2
dx
[6 marks]
GOOD LUCK!
Solutions:
1.
1x
dx
x2
R 1
1
dx
x2
x
ln y
1
dy
y
R 1
dy
y
R 2
x dx ln x + C
=
=
[M1]
[M1]
1
ln x + C
[J1]
x
A
where A = ec [J1]
1
xe x
2.
M
xy 2 + bx2 y
x3 + x2 y
2xy + bx2
[J1]
3x2 + 2xy
[J1]
bx2
M dx + (y)
M
y
N
x
x2 y 2
+ x3 y + (y)
2
R
N dy + (x)
x3 y +
Thus, (y)
(x) = C
The solution is u
=
u
[M1]
[J1]
[M1]
[J1]
x2 y 2
+ x3 y + C = B
2
x2 y 2
+ x3 y = A where A = B C [J1]
2
3.
p(t)
(t)
e5t
[J1]
q(t)
t3 e5t
[J1/2]
e5t y
e5t t3 e5t dt
y
e5t
t3 dt
=
y
[J1/2]
5dt
[M1]
t4
+C
[J1]
4
4
t
e5t
+C
given y(1) = 0 [M1]
4
4
(1)
e5(1)
+C
4
1
4
e5t 4
t 1
[J1]
4
4.
dy
dx
f (x, y)
=
=
v+x
dv
dx
=
=
[M1/2]
[J1/2]
x2 x2 v 2
v+
[M1]
x
1 v2
v+x
x
1 v2
[J1]
dv
dx
1
dv
1 v2
R 1
dx
x
[M1]
sin1 v
ln x + C
[M1]
sin(ln x + C)
y
x
sin(ln x + C)
x
R
p
x2 y 2
y
+
x
x
p
2 (x2 y 2 )
y
+
x
x
p
y
x2 y 2
+
= f (x, y)
x
x
x sin(ln x + C) [J1]
5.
m2 + 3m
0, m = 3
[J1]
yh
A + Be3x
[J1]
yp
C sin t + D cos t
yp0
C cos t D sin t
yp00
C sin t D cos t
2 sin t
C sin t 3D sin t
2 sin t
C 3D
2 thus C = 2 3D
D cos t + 3C cos t
3C
3(2 3D)
Thus D
and C
3
5
1
A + Be3x
[M1]
[M1]
[M1]
[J1/2]
[J1/2]
1
3
sin t cos t [J1]
5
5