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# MATH 219 Mr.

## Vu NORMAL DISTRIBUTION ON CALCULATORS

Like binomial, on calculators, there are two modes for calculating normal probabilities: pd or
PDF for the height of the probability graph, and cd or CDF for the area of the graph.
HOWEVER, because normal distributions involve continuous variables, we NEVER use pd or
PDF with normal. With normal, we ALWAYS USE CUMULATIVE: Ncd or normalcdf(

## Click on MENU to move to STAT.

It will get you to the table entry screen, but we dont need to enter data into tables. Look
at the tabs for DIST

Click F5 (for DIST tab). Well get a list of different distributions. Look for BINM.
Click F1 (for NORM)

We get three tabs now: Npd, Ncd, and InvN. We will NEVER use Npd, only Ncd and InvN.
I. To calculate a probability (a regular problem)

## Choose Ncd. (F2)

The first line should say Data: Variable. If it says Data: List then click F2 to make it
say Data: Variable
Enter Lower, Upper, for standard deviation, for mean.
Then Execute. You can use F1 for CALC or F6 for DRAW

II. To calculate the variable value, given the probability (an inverse problem)

## Choose InvN. (F3)

The first line should say Data: Variable. If it says Data: List then click F2 to make it
say Data: Variable
Choose the tail that the problem asks for: Right, Left (or Center, which is rare in this
class).
Area: Enter the area of that tail.
for standard deviation, for mean.
Execute

On TI-83 or 84

Click 2nd

## DISTR (above VARS)

The first 3 choices all involve normal distribution. We NEVER use normalpdf(, only
normalcdf( and invNorm(.
I. To calculate a probability (a regular problem)

Choose normalcdf(
If you have a newer TI-84, there will be a dialog. Enter Lower, Upper, Mean,
Standard deviation
If you have a TI-83 or an older TI-84, you need to manually enter the numbers, in that
exact order, separated by the comma key: Lower , Upper , Mean , Standard
Deviation )

II. To calculate the variable value, given the probability (an inverse problem)
Choose invNorm(
Enter the AREA TO THE LEFT ONLY , Mean , Standard Deviation )

On StatCrunch
Open any homework problem, the StatCrunch button is on the right of the homework window.
When StatCrunch has fully loaded, click on STAT then Calculators then Normal.
Use either STANDARD for a one-tail calculation, or BETWEEN for a between calculation.
Fill in the values of the Mean and Standard Deviation.
I. To calculate a probability (a regular problem)
Enter the X value(s) and the correct inequality symbol.
Click COMPUTE.
II. To calculate the variable value, given the probability (an inverse problem)
Enter the probability value and the inequality, leaving an X value blank.
Note that in BETWEEN mode, you can only leave one X value blank, not both.