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Wuhan WACO Formwork Co.

, Ltd

Cao Lanh Bridge in VN

Calculation of Auto-climbing System

Design
Check
Examine

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Wuhan WACO Formwork Co., Ltd

Cao Lanh Bridge in VN

Wuhan WACO Formwork Co., Ltd


2014-09-30
1. Standard and regulations for calculation
AASHTO LRFD 2012 BridgeDesignSpecifications 6th Ed (US)
AASHTO 2007 SI Units
22TCN272-05_GOC
Auto-climbing content
Auto-climbing system contains: Anchor system, Wall attached device, Rail, Bracket,
Formwork and Hydraulic system. As follows:

2. Calculation parameters
3.1 Parameters of bracket
Distance of 2 brackets5m
Height of bracket 12m
Width of platform upper=1m ,main=2.8mhydraulic=2.8mlift=1.7m
Rated pressure 16Mpa
Cylinder travel
300mm
Rail step
225mm;
Discharge of pumping station 1.6L/min
speed
about 200mm/min
Rated thrust
80KN
Synchronization error 20mm
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Wuhan WACO Formwork Co., Ltd

Climbing speed
Inclination
Pouring height

Cao Lanh Bridge in VN

6m/hour
18
4m

Auto-climbing can be climbed and bear force when the concrete


strength achieve 10MPa.
3.2 Platform and load
upper1KN/m2main3KN/m2hydraulic1.5KN/m2lift0.75KN/m2
3.3 Calculate value
Face up side max angle is 32 brackets formwork height 4.2m.
Structural steel shear design valueFV=125Mpa; pulling force design value
F=215Mpa;the formwork width for 1 bracket is 3.25m as the drawings.
In fact, the construction load is max when pouring on face up side.
3. Use software SAP analyze
4.1 Force diagram

Bar No.

LoadKN

Note No.1,2,3,4,5 is important frame need checking alone.


4.2 Use SAP2000 calculate

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Wuhan WACO Formwork Co., Ltd

Cao Lanh Bridge in VN

Axial forceKN

Shear forceKN

Bending momentKN.m

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Deformation

Wuhan WACO Formwork Co., Ltd

Cao Lanh Bridge in VN

Structural Testing

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Wuhan WACO Formwork Co., Ltd

Cao Lanh Bridge in VN

Surface stressKN
4.3 Axial,bending,shear of important frame as follows:
NO.
1
2
3
4
5

AxialKN

ShearKN

41
-16
-41
-15
-14

28
22
0
0
-6

BendingKN.M

-4
-5
0
0
-3

Deformation(mm)
0
0
0
0
2

4.4 Stability checking for stressed frame.


NO.3, 4, 5 is stressed frame, checking as follows
NO

Spec.

Axial(N)

Sectional

Calculated

area(mm2)

Radius of

Slendern

Stability

Stress

length

gyration

ess

factor(

(N/mm

(mm)

(mm)

ratio()

2)

140x5

41000

21200

3100

47

65.96

0.859

2.3

77.5x4

15000

898

2300

25

92

0.699

24

2-12][

14000

3072

3000

50

60

0.807

5.6

The slenderness ratio is less than permit 150 and stress less than design value

215N/mm2.SAFE
Strength checking for NO.1, 5
NO.1 is ][16#, sectional area is 4390 mm2section factor is W=216000
Max shear stress =281000/4390=6.4(N/mm2)
Max bending stress=M/W=(41000000)/216000=18.5(N/mm2)
[3(/125)2+ (/215)2]1/2=0.131 SAFE
NO.5 is ][12#, sectional area is 3072.4 mm2section factor is W=115400
Max shear stress=61000/3072.4=2 (N/mm2)
Max bending stress=M/W=(31000000)/115400=26(N/mm2)
[3(/125)2+ (/215)2]1/2=0.121 SAFE
Deformation of every frame is less than permit value by SAP checking.

4.5 Force of support


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Wuhan WACO Formwork Co., Ltd

Cao Lanh Bridge in VN

Force of support
On anchor position: the horizontal force is 29KNthe vertical force is 69KN
On wall attached device: the horizontal force is 24KN
Design pull force of single anchor is 150KN, shear force is 100KN SAFE
4. Anchor and important frame
5.1 Anchor system
Design pull force of single anchor is [Ft] =150KN, shear force is [Fv] =100KN.
5.1.1 Pullout force of concrete

Calculate as the concrete broken when anchor plate pull out.

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Wuhan WACO Formwork Co., Ltd

Cao Lanh Bridge in VN

There are tangential stress s and vertical stress s


F A s sin s cos
A

h
sin R r

b
R h ctg r ,when b/h in 0.191.9=45F=0.0203 fc,

F
There:

2 0.0203

c
sin 45o

2
h c tg 45o bh
0.1 f c 0.9h 2 bh

fcDesign of concrete compressive strength valueselect

C30fc=14.3N/mm2;
hThe height of concrete cone350mm;
bThe length of anchor plate100mm.
So. F=0.1fc (0.9h2+bh)=0.1X14.3X(0.9X3502+100X350)X10-3=208KN
Pullout force of concrete is F=208 KN >[Ft]=150 KN.

SAFE

5.1.2 Concrete local compression


According toCode for design of concrete structure
Fl 1.35 c l f c Aln

l Ab Al
There FL Design of concrete local compression valueKN
fc Design of concrete compressive strength
value14.3N/mm2
CConcrete intensity influence coefficient0.94
lConcrete added coefficient of strength2
Al Concrete local compression areamm2
AlnConcrete local compression net areamm2
AbConcrete local compression calculate areamm2
On anchor plate:
Aln= 3.14X(502-102) =7536mm2
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Wuhan WACO Formwork Co., Ltd

Cao Lanh Bridge in VN

F1.35Cl fC Aln =1.35x0.94x2x14.3x7536=273[Fv]=150KN.

SAFE

On climbing cone:

Aln =14918mm2 contact area on bottom of climbing cone with concrete


F1.35Cl fC Aln =1.35x0.94x2x15x14918=567KN[Fv]=150KN. SAFE
5.1.3 Tension bolt

Material40cr
The tension bolt is M3610.9 level. compression strength, tensile strength, bending
strength in Mechanical Design Manual is f=500N/mm2,fV=310 N/mm2.
2
effective area is Ae 804mm

Shear
V 100 KN ,

V
100 103

124 N / mm 2 f v 310 N / mm 2 . SAFE


3
A 0.804 10

Pull force

F
150 103

186 N / mm 2 f v 500 N / mm 2 .
3
A 0.804 10

SAFE

Equivalent stress
2

500
310

176
132
3
500
310

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0.79 1 .

SAFE

Wuhan WACO Formwork Co., Ltd

Cao Lanh Bridge in VN

Thread bearing of tension bolt:


The length of thread is 60mm,pitch is 4mm.effective bearing area is Ae=3195mm2
=N/Ae=150000/3195=47N/mm2<310N/mm2.

SAFE

5.1.4 Tie rod


Calculate the part of tie rod contact with concrete (D20L=300mm).
Material is steel 45#; design stress is 355 N/mm 2.
Tensile
la=1.1dfy/ft
There laAnchorage length
1.1correction factor of anchorage length
The shape coefficient0.14
dNominal diameter20mm
fyDesign stress355N/mm2
ftDesign of concrete compressive strength value14.3N/mm2
Get la76mmbut anchorage length in fact is 160mm,so the tensile less than design
stress.

SAFE

Thread bearing of tie rod


The length of thread is 60mm,pitch is 6mm. effective bearing area is At=660mm2
F=320202/4100KN
=F/At=152N/mm2<355N/mm2. SAFE
5.2 Shear force of bearing pin

Design shear force of pin is 280KN.section area isA=3.142020=1256mm2


Steel 45# design stress is 355N/mm2,shear force isfV =3550.58=206N/mm2
There are two shear surface:
Fv=2x1256x206x10-3=517KN>280KN. SAFE

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