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Submitted by:
Lorraine L. Lacuesta
10 - Molave
Submitted to:
Mr. Jerwin N. Icocruz
Expressionism is a movement or tendency that strives to express subjective
feelings and emotions rather than to depict reality or nature objectively. The
movement developed during the late 19th and early 20th centuries as a reaction
against the academic standards that had prevailed in Europe since the Renaissance

(1300-1600), particularly in French and German art academies. Expressionism is

also the term that embraces an early 20th century style of art, music and literature
that is charged with an emotional and spiritual vision of the world.In expressionism
the artist tries to present an emotional experience in its most compelling form. The
artist is not concerned with reality as it appears but with its inner nature and with
the emotions aroused by the subject. To achieve these ends, the subject is frequently
caricatured, exaggerated, distorted, or otherwise altered in order to stress the
emotional experience in its most intense and concentrated form.
While the word expressionist was used in the modern sense as early as 1850,
its origin is sometimes traced to paintings exhibited in 1901 in Paris by an obscure
artist Julien-Auguste Herv, which he called Expressionismes. Though an
alternate view is that the term was coined by the Czech art historian Antonin
Matjek in 1910, as the opposite of impressionism: "An Expressionist wishes,
above all, to express himself... (an Expressionist rejects) immediate perception and
builds on more complex psychic structures... Impressions and mental images that
pass through mental peoples soul as through a filter which rids them of all
substantial accretions to produce their clear essence [...and] are assimilated and
condense into more general forms, into types, which he transcribes through simple
short-hand formulae and symbols.
In a broader sense Expressionism is one of the main currents of art in the later
19th and the 20th centuries, and its qualities of highly subjective, personal,
spontaneous self-expression are typical of a wide range of modern artists and art
movements. Unlike Impressionism, its goals were not to reproduce the impression
suggested by the surrounding world, but to strongly impose the artists own
sensibility to the worlds representation. The expressionist artist substitutes to the
visual object reality his own image of this object, which he feels as an accurate
representation of its real meaning. The search of harmony and forms is not as
important as trying to achieve the highest expression intensity, both from the
aesthetic point of view and according to idea and human critics.
Expressionism assessed itself mostly in Germany, in 1910. As an international
movement, expressionism has also been thought of as inheriting from certain
medieval artforms and, more directly, Czanne, Gauguin, Van Gogh and the
fauvism movement.
The most well known German expressionists are Max Beckmann, Otto Dix,
Lionel Feininger, George Grosz, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, August Macke, Emil
Nolde, Max Pechstein; the Austrian Oskar Kokoschka, the Czech Alfred Kubin and

the Norvegian Edvard Munch are also related to this movement. During his stay in
Germany, the Russian Kandinsky was also an expressionism addict.


Vincent Van Goghs Starry Night

Still Life, Tulips by Emil Nolde

Edvard Munch

Franz Marcs Blue Horses

The Scream by

Pink Flutter by Sam Gilliam



Still Life by Dimitris

Parts of Guitar

>The Headstock - the focal point of the tuning system, headstocks come in two
distinctive designs. The square headstock has three tuners on either side, whilst
Fender style instruments have all six tuners on the left.
>Tuner -there are six tunersone for each string. They are used in guitar tuning to
tune strings to their proper pitch. Each tuner consists of a nut and cog to tighten or
slacken the string. Also known as machine heads.
>Nut - the nut keeps the strings in position as they leave the head, by way of six
small grooves. If you own an expensive guitar the nut will probably be made of
ivory. If youre a conservationist or just an economist itll be plastic.
>Frets - are wire inserts which mark the points on the neck where you pass each
string to make different notes. They are normally made of nickel alloy, hammered
>Fretboard - Generally made of rosewood, the fretboard is glued to the neck. Its
usually decorated with tortoise shell or plastic inlays which help you to see where
you are on the fretboard.
> Strings - are the lifeblood of the instrument, and a poor or worn set can make
even the most talented player sound bad. Generally constructed from alloy, strings
very in thickness from the bottom (the thickest) to the top (thinnest). The three bass
strings are wound to give them depth, whilst their skinny counterparts are simply
tensioned alloy wire. Strings are measured by gaugethe lower the number, the
thinner the string. Its important to select a set suitable for your guitar, whether
electric or acoustic. The two arent generally interchangeable.
>Pick Guard - Located next to the sound hole (on acoustic guitars) or pick-ups (on
electric guitars) the pickguard protects the main body of the instrument from
pectrum scratches and finger marks.
>Soundboard - the top piece of wood on the main body. The sound hole is cut into
>Pick-ups - transmit the string sound from the guitar to the amplifier by way of an
electric lead. In reality, pick-ups are no more than miniature Microphones. You can
in fact talk into a guitar pick-up and your voice will be broadcast through the amp.
>Bridge - come in all shapes and sizes, but their purpose is the same. They adjust
the pitch, harmonics and string height. The classic set-up is the retaining tailpiece,

and individual bridge, which is adjustable on electric models as you can see below
in the guitar diagram. Modern acoustic and many electric guitars have a one-piece
bridge set-up, which eliminates the separate tailpiece. The bridge on a acoustic
guitar is slightly offset to achieve perfect harmonics, whilst the electric counterpart
has a series of independent mechanisms, one for each string. These are adjusted
with a small screwdriver, until the pitch is correct.