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Multiphase Flow 2006 Conference

27th to 28th March
The Marcliffe at Pitfodels

Sacha Sarshar and Najam Beg
Caltec Ltd. UK

1- Introduction

The gradual depletion of the reservoir
pressures in both oil and gas fields reduce
production. A pressure boosting system is
therefore highly desired to maintain
production and increase total recovery from
the fields.

The production from many oil and gas fields
is reduced as the field ages and the
reservoir pressure declines. This problem is
further aggravated in the case of satellite
fields and those which are located in deep
waters because of the added length of the
pipelines transporting the well fluids to a
production or process station.

There are a variety of boosting systems, all
of which help to reduce the back pressure
on the producing wells , while delivering the
well fluids at the pressure dictated by the
downstream transport and process system.
In selection of the boosting system factors
such as the economics, space requirement
and weight issues, complexity of the system,
power requirements, operation costs and
maintenance costs play an important role.
This paper introduces a relatively simple
system for boosting production based on the
use of jet pump technology. The key factor
which affects the attractiveness of these
systems is the maximum use of the
available energy in each field or on
platforms. In oil production, a number of
patented systems under the name of “The
Wellcom System” use jet pump technology
and utilize the energy available from
sources such as high pressure (HP) wells,
HP gas or HP liquid phase.
This paper discusses the key features of
these systems with reference to some
recent field applications.

There are also specific demands by the
process systems in term of the optimum
operating pressure. This is often dictated by
the characteristics and the operating range
of the gas compression system, the capacity
of the separators in terms of the gas flow
rate capacity, and the amount of water they
can process as the water–cut increases.
The production therefore reaches a stage
that unless a pressure boosting system is
added the production from the field or part of
the field becomes severely restricted and
could lead to the seizure of production and
premature abandonment of many producing
There are a variety of ways or production
boosting systems by which the production
can be increased or maintained at an
economic level. The boosting systems can
be installed downhole, subsea or at surface
where the operators prefer. This is because
of the relative ease of access and the lower
capital and operation costs involved in
surface mounted systems.
There are a variety of options and systems
which may offer similar benefits in terms of

CALTEC Ltd,, +44 (0) 1234756056


its velocity is increased substantially and part of its potential (pressure) energy is converted to kinetic energy (velocity). the pressure downstream of the CALTEC Ltd. The mixture then passes through a diffuser where the velocity is gradually reduced and further pressure recovery takes place. www. Ideally both HP and LP flow should be of the same type. As the HP fluid passes through the nozzle. if not used by the jet The performance in this case is presented by the dimensionless ratio of the discharge to LP pressure (Pd/ Plp). while the LP flow is of a different phase or a mixture of the two. Jet pumps are simple passive devices and are easy to operate. ejectors or gas jet compressors. Fluids’ properties such as viscosity (liquid phase) and density etc. the power available. they may not be aware of the variety of ways by which this device can be used and it is hoped that this paper introduces some of the novel solutions which could be highly cost effective and attractive for many field applications. • • • • The HP to LP pressure ratio The LP to HP flow ratio The discharge to LP pressure ratio.Multiphase Flow 2006 Conference 27th to 28th March The Marcliffe at Pitfodels Aberdeen boosting the pressure of the produced fluids or the reduction in the back pressure on the producing wells to achieve the desired level of boost in production. 2. Jet pumps are not new and date back to mid ninetieth century. The amount of the increase in the LP pressure is mainly dependant on the following factors. The selection of the suitable production boosting system is generally made based on a number of factors which include the economics and the constraints imposed by the platform or the specific field conditions. a mixing tube and a diffuser as shown in figure1. Some of the common constraints are the available space. however. The high energy HP fluid carries the LP fluid through the mixing tube where transfer of energy between the HP and LP fluids takes place. Figure 2 shows some typical performance curves based on the above parameters in gas production applications. One of the main attractions of these devices is that in most cases the energy used from the HP source is the energy which is available and is often wasted. Jet pumps are also known as eductors. and the complexity of the system which is of concern for unmanned satellite fields or in subsea and down-hole environments. The examples of field applications outlined in this paper are typical and are a good proof of the use of the available energy. +44 (0) 1234756056 nozzle drops significantly. The production boosting system which is the subject of this paper relates to the use of jet pumps or eductors which offer a number of benefits. Their use in the oil and 2 . Both gas and both liquid phase. i. applications where gas or liquid is the motive (HP) flow. Whilst many operators may be familiar with this technology. It is at this point where a low pressure fluid can be introduced. There are. The pressure at the outlet of the jet pump is in an intermediate level between that of the HP and LP fluids. As a result. and weight constraints in the case of offshore platforms. with low capital cost and practically no operation cost.e. The key components are a nozzle. These are discussed in more detail when their applications are outlined.What is the jet pump and how it works? Jet pumps are simple devices with no moving parts which use energy from a high pressure (HP) fluid to boost the pressure of a low pressure (LP) fluid.caltec.

a mixture of gas. the effect on the jet pump could be minimal and no separation of the liquid phase may be necessary. if the amount of the produced liquid is small and below 1% to 2% by volume of the HP or LP gas.It was during this period that their applications down-hole was developed and led to numerous patents between 1930 and 1980.Multiphase Flow 2006 Conference 27th to 28th March The Marcliffe at Pitfodels Aberdeen gas industry dates back to early 1930’s . jet pumps can be used in a wide range of applications which include the following. to assist in well revival and removal of liquid build-up in wells. Boost the pressure of LP gas from the process system Boost the pressure of very low pressure (LLP) gas which is usually flared. It is for this reason that a firm global number or limit can not be specified and the said 1% or 2% is only approximate. which is the ratio of the volumetric flow rate of the produced gas divided by the total volumetric flow rate of the combined gas and liquid phases at the operating pressure and temperature. 3 .caltec. Further development work and field trials have led to an increase in their applications in the oil and gas industry in the past ten years. although this application is limited to specific exceptional cases CALTEC Ltd. Boost production from a group of manifolded wells. +44 (0) 1234756056 In addition to oil production applications. the separation of the liquid phase may become necessary. The significance of the effect on the performance of the jet pump is also affected by the ratio of the HP/LP pressures and the LP/HP gas flow ratio. Figure 3 shows an example of the effect of some liquid produced with the LP gas and confirms that the effect on the performance of the jet pump becomes significant beyond the above said limit.Applications in oil production 3. www. oil or water may be involved. See reference 1. If the amount of the liquid reaches the limit that affects the performance of the jet pump significantly in gas production applications. • • • • • • • Boost production from LP gas wells. condensate or water. The examples of field applications in recent years and key features of such systems in gas applications are highlighted in other technical papers. there are many cases when the produced gas contains some liquid phase in form of oil.Jet pump production applications in gas In gas production applications. Revival of dead wells or wells with erratic flow behavior because of the liquid build-up in the wells. Down-hole. The motive flow could be from a variety of sources which include. De-bottleneck compressors and extend their range of operation. This paper focuses on oil production applications where multiphase flow. In gas production. • • • • • HP wells HP gas from downstream of compressors Gas lift gas Gas from a high pressure pipeline which transports gas from a HP source HP liquid phase. The liquid content in the LP gas flow is often presented by the gas volume fraction (GVF).

Options for the boosting systems If HP oil wells are available. www. motive flow for the jet pumps could be supplied from one of the following sources.caltec. This patented solution is named “The Wellcom System”. A gas-gas jet pump is used for the gas phases and a liquid.Multiphase Flow 2006 Conference 27th to 28th March The Marcliffe at Pitfodels Aberdeen In oil production applications. These systems were also given the trade name of the “WELLCOM” system. This system is shown in figure 6 and shows that the gas and liquid phases of both HP and LP wells are separated and two jet pumps are used. • • • • HP wells HP oil phase which its pressure is boosted for export or long distance transport HP water (Injection water) HP gas It is the source of the HP. This solution is CALTEC Ltd. which is short for the well commingling system. using a commingler. The separated liquid phase is then used as the motive flow for the jet pump and the separated gas phase by-passes the jet pump and is combined with the flow downstream of the jet jet pump is used for the liquid phases. both HP and LP flow are usually of multiphase nature and for this reason a different approach is needed to maximize the benefit gained from the jet pumps. 5 . The performance is in this case can be shown by the ratio of the discharge pressure to the LP pressure (Pd/Plp). In this case a compact separator is used to separate the HP gas and liquid phases. In such cases an alternative patented system named” The Wellcom Boost” may be used. motive flow which dictates the design and the configuration of the solutions described below. The total flow from the selected LP wells is fed to the jet pump as the LP flow. The use of HP gas in this case helps to improve the efficiency and the performance of the total system. Increasing the production from low pressure (LP) oil wells can be achieved by allowing the wells to produce at a lower flowing well head pressure (FWHP). their high pressure may not be sustainable long enough to justify their use. The systems for oil production applications were developed extensively by Caltec and a number of patents were registered during the late 1990’s. or if they do exist. The amount by which the FWHP of the LP wells can be reduced is dependant on the HP/LP pressure ratio and the flow ratio of the HP and LP fluids. Figure 5 shows the typical performance for a range of conditions. The difference between the two systems in Table 1 is shown by the achievable discharge pressure in each case. 4 . The use of HP wells may not be practical in all cases as either such wells may not exist. +44 (0) 1234756056 simple and effective when the HP/LP pressure ratio is relatively high (above 3 to 1) and the amount of gas produced from the LP wells is relatively low (low GOR wells). The amount of the free gas produced from the selected LP wells also affects the performance of the system. the Wellcom system may not be very effective and an alternative system named “The Dual WELLCOM”system may be used. If the amount of LP gas produced is high. The flow from the outlet of the two jet pumps can be combined to allow the total flow to be transported via a single production line. Table 1 shows the comparison of the two boosting systems when the volume of the LP gas is significant or the gas oil ratio (GOR) of the LP wells are relatively high. the system shown in figure 4 could be suitable. The HP.

the GVF could exceed 95% or higher. This also means that the power requirement for a booster pump handling mainly the liquid phase is only a fraction of that demanded by multiphase pumps which handle the total gas and liquid phases. The ratio of the produced LP gas is often quoted as the gas volume fraction (GVF) described If. In most cases the volumetric flow rate of the LP gas produced with oil is very high compared with that of the liquid phase at the CALTEC Ltd. This major difference in the duty and power requirement makes the liquid booster pump relatively small and of low cost compared to the multiphase pumps. It is worth noting that the Wellcom Boost system in this case performs the duties of the multiphase pumps which are designed to handle the entire multiphase LP well fluids. The choice of the pump is important in this case as the separated LP liquid phase is not fully stabilized and could carry some free gas. while the equivalent multiphase pump power requirement would be in the range of 150 to 500 KW or more.Multiphase Flow 2006 Conference 27th to 28th March The Marcliffe at Pitfodels Aberdeen Figure 7 shows the flow diagram for the Wellcom Boost system. www. Ideally. The main difference between the two systems becomes clearly apparent when the nature of the LP flow is further investigated. The 5 . the liquid phase could be boosted by using a single phase (liquid) boosting pump as shown in figure 8. none of these is available. The HP gas used as the motive flow for the jet pump could be from any sustainable source which could be HP gas wells or the HP gas which is usually used as lift gas. The amount by which the back pressure on the LP wells can be reduced is in this case primarily dictated by the HP gas pressure and the amount of the HP gas available for the jet pump. +44 (0) 1234756056 operating pressure and temperature. however. But this is mainly dependant on the above said pressure ratio and flow ratios of the HP and LP fluids. The separated LP gas phase is then fed to a jet pump to boost its pressure. The best suitable pump is a pump which can handle a small amount of free gas without affecting its performance or its operation. a maximum amount of increase in production is desired. The selected LP wells are manifolded and the flow passes through a compact separator to separate the gas and liquid phases. Separating the gas phase from the LP multiphase mixture in this case reduces the flow rate of the fluids handled by the booster pump and the duty requirement of the booster pump is reduced dramatically. The so called positive displacement (PD) pumps are therefore suitable in such applications as they can tolerate free gas. The separated LP liquid phase may be boosted by a jet pump if a source of HP liquid phase is available. The gas-gas jet pump in this case performs a highly beneficial duty of reliving the booster pump from handling the gas phase. The source of HP liquid could be HP oil or HP water (injection water).caltec. This means that the flow rate of the LP gas is in most cases in excess of 9 times that of the liquid phases and in some cases could even exceed 20 or more when the GVF exceeds 96%. This also implies that in many cases the power required by the booster pump in the Wellcom Boost system could typically range between 15 to 50 KW. as the duty of the booster pump can be specified to almost any practical level desired. the HP gas from the outlet of the existing compression system can be used. This value is often in excess of 90% and if the LP well is also gas lifted. Alternatively.

in the case of the Wellcom Boost system . I-SEP is a dual involute cyclonic separator which Fluctuations in the multiphase flow and flow regimes such as the slug flow affect the performance of all separators including the I-SEP and any other compact separator.000 barrels per day (bbl/d) depending on the operating pressure and the gas volume fraction of the mixture at the operating conditions. Figures 10 and 11 show the pictures of this unit in two separate applications including the primary gas liquid separation and degassing liquids. The PI is the amount of the increase in oil production per every psi drop in the back pressure on the well and is often quoted in units of bbl/day /psi. 6. The flow fluctuations are typical characteristic of multiphase flow through pipelines. Figure 9 shows the comparison of two cases. in contrast. if the flowing well head pressure is reduced by 100 psi. The unit is very compact with no moving parts and requires no active control. But gravity separators are bulky and in addition to high cost. and is therefore suitable for upstream process and separation duties. I-SEP is designed to CALTEC Ltd. To overcome this problem. Caltec has a compact separator. The productivity characteristics of the wells are generally presented as the PI. www. See reference 2. Hydrocyclones are not generally efficient under fluctuating flow conditions. an increase in production of 500 bbls/day is achieved.Multiphase Flow 2006 Conference 27th to 28th March The Marcliffe at Pitfodels Aberdeen increase in production is also dependant on the productivity characteristics of the LP wells. occupy a large space.Key components of the Wellcom system The key components of the above described systems are: • • • • The compact separator The jet pumps The commingling spool The booster pump. I-SEP is suitable for a variety of separation duties including: • • • • • • • • Gas –liquid separation De-gassing oil or other liquids with dissolved gas Removing liquids from wet gas Sand separation De-bottlenecking gravity separators Bulk oil-water separation Multiphase metering Well testing. with wells having different PI values. Its foot print is small and ranges from 300X300 mm to 950X950 mm for flow rates ranging between 1000 to 60. named ISEP which can be used in this and many other separation applications. or the productivity Therefore for a well with a PI of 5 bbls/day/psi. I-SEP. +44 (0) 1234756056 6 . This results in a different amount of increase in production for the same level of drop in the back pressure on the producing wells.The compact separator creates high “g” forces to effect separation.caltec. is more tolerant to flow fluctuations. in combination with HISEP knock out vessel The function of the compact separator is to separate the gas and liquid phases of the HP or LP fluids. This separator is different from the hydrocyclones which are usually suitable for downstream separation duties such as treating oily water. Naturally a conventional gravity separator can be used for this purpose. Further details of this separator are given in a separate technical paper.

allowing gas to be free of liquids. The separated carry-over liquid phase can be combined with the liquids from the liquid outlet of I-SEP using a commingler described below. The main function of this unit is to cope with minor differences in the pressure of one stream. 7 – Modularization The complete system can be housed in a single skid with an approximate foot print ranging between 2X2 to 3. named HI-SEP. Figure 12 shows the arrangement of the I-SEP and HI-SEP operating as a combined unit. Their simplicity. low cost and reliability make them a highly attractive and beneficial component of the Wellcom system. The introduction of the booster pump adds some degree of complexity to the boosting system which is otherwise very simple and does not have any moving or complex parts. Pumps which have a much larger capacity are also available in the market. Figure 13 shows a typical PD. This pump is capable of handling up to 7000 bbl/d with a pressure boosting capacity of 7 bar. The commingler A commingler is a simple device which enables the two streams (gas and liquid phases) to be combined effectively without the loss of pressure.Multiphase Flow 2006 Conference 27th to 28th March The Marcliffe at Pitfodels Aberdeen favor the purity of the separated liquid phase.5 meters when the knock out vessel HI-SEP is 7 .5 meters. The combination of I-SEP and HI-SEP enables gas and liquid phases to be separated with an acceptable level of purity required by the down stream process or boosting system. ease of operation. For this reason the pump selected should be highly reliable with minimum maintenance and a good track record. The height of the skid could be up to 4. twin screw pump used in such applications. HI-SEP enables the carry-over liquid to be separated from gas. This applies particularly to start-up conditions or some transient conditions. are the key components of the above said boosting so that a jet pump can be used.caltec. but with a better efficiency and a lower loss of pressure. This feature results in the carry-over of some liquid in the separated gas phase. described earlier. - - The booster pump The booster pump is mainly used as part of the Wellcom Boost system when no other source of high pressure liquid phase is available. To meet this particular requirement. positive displacement pumps such as the twin screw type or Moino type could be selected. +44 (0) 1234756056 These pumps can be of fixed speed or variable speed if an added level of flexibility is needed. without allowing the stream with the higher pressure to restrict the flow from the stream with a lower CALTEC Ltd. It is these units which enable energy from an existing high pressure source to be used to reduce the back pressure on the LP wells - pressure. The separated gas phase with the associated liquid carry-over then enters a compact knock-out vessel. The liquid carry-over could be a few percent to up to 15% of the total liquid phase depending on the severity of the flow regime. The jet pumps Jet pumps. A by-pass and re-circulation system is often introduced to assist with start-up conditions or extreme turn-down conditions. www.5X3. This pump should ideally be able to handle some free gas as perfect separation of gas and liquid phases can not always be guaranteed. It simply provides the same duty as a Tee piece. A variety of pumps with good track records are available for this application.

The economics of the boosting system The simplest way to assess the economics of using any of the above described boosting systems is to calculate the pay back period needed for the recovery of the capital invested in installing the system from the added revenue.How to measure the increase in production The simplest way to estimate the increase in production as a result of using any of the above boosting systems is to measure the new reduced flowing wellhead pressure (FWHP). A small booster pump can boost the pressure of the LP liquid phase. The well revival system using the existing test separator is shown in figure 16. while the LP well is allowed to operate at a significantly lower FWHP. The above solution brings about a further effective way to revive LP wells and wells which suffer from excessive build up of liquids in the well bore. The amount by which the FWHP can be reduced in this case depends also on the pressure and flow rate of the HP gas used as the motive flow for the jet pump. www. 9. In cases when the PI values are not known or the values available are not accurate or reliable. This simple link with the test separator enables the flow from the selected LP wells to be diverted to the test separator for measurement of flow rates at the reduced FWHP which the Wellcom system enables the wells to This arrangement enables the fluids from the outlet of the test separator can be diverted back to the normal production line. In some applications the booster pump may not be needed as the produced liquid phase can be diverted to the second stage separator which normally operates at a significantly lower pressure. the pay back 8 . With the operating cost of these systems next to none. the solution shown in figure 15 can be adopted. The booster pump in this case can be supplied with a similar boosting capability that the gas-gas jet pump can offer.Multiphase Flow 2006 Conference 27th to 28th March The Marcliffe at Pitfodels Aberdeen included in the system. The significantly reduced flowing well head pressure will in most cases help to increase the velocity of the fluids flowing through the well bore and this added velocity will. By knowing the productivity index (PI) of the wells. This allows the true PI to be calculated under the reduced FWHP. in turn. The skid can be designed to suit the requirements and the constraints of the site and can be split into two or more units if there are any restrictions on the lifting tonnage capacity. It is worth noting that normally the test separators can be only operated at the manifold pressure as the outlet lines of the test separators are normally linked back to the existing production train which operates CALTEC Ltd. In this case a dedicated jet pump on the gas outlet line of the test separator can boost the pressure of the LP gas. The link between the Wellcom system and the existing test separator allows any well to be diverted to the test separator. the increase in production can be calculated by multiplying the PI with the difference between the FWHP pressures before and after installing the boosting system. This solution involves linking the outlets of the existing test separator to the inlet of the Wellcom boosting system. Figure 14 shows a Wellcom skid operation offshore Malaysia in 8. help to remove the liquids accumulated in the well to achieve the desired well revival. +44 (0) 1234756056 at a higher pressure than that offered by the Wellcom system.

If such sources do not exist. The world energy situation has since changed dramatically and oil and gas are highly valued and rapidly depleting sources of energy. CALTEC Ltd. Typical amounts of the increase in production range from 100 bbl/d to 1000 bbl/d.2 million per annum. irrespective of the FWHP required. operation costs and maintenance costs which some of the more complex boosting systems such as downhole electric submersible pumps (ESP’S) have. In the case of the oil applications. these systems could also lead to an increase in the total recovery from the field.Conclusions In the nineteen seventies to nineties when the price of oil was low and in the range of 10 to 12 dollars for a period.Multiphase Flow 2006 Conference 27th to 28th March The Marcliffe at Pitfodels Aberdeen period can be simply calculated by dividing the capital cost by the daily revenue from the added production rate. in form of HP wells. HP gas or HP liquid phase. +44 (0) 1234756056 Naturally the Wellcom system relies on an available source of energy. the pay back period could be a matter of a few months in most cases.caltec. as shown in figure 17. then there is little choice other than relying on other types of boosting systems despite being less cost effective or attractive. The information available from many parts of the world shows that in some countries they still flare a substantial volume of gas because saving and using gas requires a substantial initial capital investment. simplicity. compactness and use of significantly less power in comparison with other boosting systems such as multiphase pumps or other boosting systems which involve the use of conventional separators. With the price of oil assumed at $50/bbl of oil. In addition. which is outside the control of the operator and the suppliers of any boosting system. because of the higher capital The high price of oil and gas has played a significant role in encouraging the operators to invest in production boosting systems and accept some of the added complexities. 10. the pay back period is very short and ranges between a minimum of ten days to a few weeks (see ref. This feature leads to other benefits such as lower cost. Field experiences to date have proven that in gas production applications.Benefits of the Wellcom System The main benefit of any production boosting system is the increase in production which it offers. The benefit which the Wellcom system offers is the maximum use of the energy which is available and in many cases is wasted if not used by the Wellcom system. compressors and booster pumps.8 million to $18. ease of operation. 11. Even in such cases the use of the Wellcom system could still be economical and beneficial. www. It is worth noting that the pay back period is in part also dictated by the PI of the LP wells.1). these were the prices below which the development of offshore fields in even shallow waters of the North Sea were uneconomical!. many fields are allowed to suffer from restricted production because the operators do not wish to use new techniques and solutions which they 9 . In the case of oil fields. The ESP’s are however in most cases used when the production pressure is so low that there is insufficient energy to transport the well fluids through the well bore to surface. the revenue related to this range of the increase in the low rate of oil is $1.

The boosting systems help to increase the total recovery from the fields and prevent premature abandonment of many fields. Caltec. ejectors gas jet compressor. separation. 12. It is therefore highly recommended to assess the availability of the sources of TABLE 1: Key Words : I-Sep.A novel application of jet pump technology to boost production. Caltec Ltd. of the total recoverable reserves from the field. Such a conservative approach and lack of investment has led to the recovery from many fields to be still kept at 35%. Sacha Sarshar & N.U.K. eductors. UAE. Abu-Dhabi. May 21-22. Second GCC-EU advanced Oil &Gas technology. multiphase pumping.M (Sacha) Sarshar. production boosting systems COMPARING THE PERFORMANCE WELLCOM SYSTEMS Case High Pressure (HP) OF SINGLE Liquid flowrate m3/h Gas flowrate sm3/d GVF A 70 100 423069 B-1 70 0 B-2 70 100 DUAL Discharge Pressure Low Pressure (LP) Pressure barg AND Pressure barg Liquid flowrate m3/h Gas flowrate sm3/d GVF (%) 75 30 40 221662 90 34 423069 100 30 0 221662 100 40 0 0 30 40 0 0 45 Case A: Single WELLCOM system CALTEC Ltd.Multiphase Flow 2006 Conference 27th to 28th March The Marcliffe at Pitfodels Aberdeen energy which can be cost effectively used to allow systems such as the Wellcom or Wellcom Boost to increase production and recovery from many fields. Beg. added simplicity and ease of operation.References 1. 2-The applications and performance of a novel compact separator in the oil and gas industry. +44 (0) 1234756056 (%) Case B-1 & B-2: barg Dual WELLCOM system gas & liquid jet pumps 10 .caltec. Dr.U. Beg. or below this value.A. 2001 The Wellcom system offers many advantages such as. Jet pumps. WELLCOM. compact separator. Offshore gas processing Technical conference. It is therefore a relatively low risk system for those who have not had any experience of this system in their fields.K. 22nd23rd February 2006.Field experience and lessons learned. are not fully familiar with and do not wish to take any risks. N. The use of most new production systems requires some capital investment. www. London The technology is available to increase production from most brown fields. some risk or risk sharing and enthusiasm and support from the operators to bring the new production boosting systems to the full status of maturity and improvement.

+44 (0) 1234756056 11 .caltec.Multiphase Flow 2006 Conference 27th to 28th March The Marcliffe at Pitfodels Aberdeen Figure 1 : General configuration of a jet pump Figure 2 : Gas jet pumps performance curves for a range of pressure and flow ratios CALTEC Ltd.

www.caltec.Multiphase Flow 2006 Conference 27th to 28th March The Marcliffe at Pitfodels Aberdeen Figure 3 : Gas jet pump performance under liquid in the LP gas Figure 4 : The Wellcom system for oil production applications CALTEC +44 (0) 1234756056 12 .

+44 (0) 1234756056 13 . www.Multiphase Flow 2006 Conference 27th to 28th March The Marcliffe at Pitfodels Aberdeen N = (Pd-Plp) (Php – Pd) Figure 5 : Wellcom system performance at different GVF Figure 6 : Dual Wellcom system CALTEC +44 (0) 1234756056 14 .caltec.Multiphase Flow 2006 Conference 27th to 28th March The Marcliffe at Pitfodels Aberdeen Gas Compressor Gas Jet Pump HP Gas LP Separation System Optional Commingler LP Gas To Pipelines LP Liquid Pump Alternative liquid line LP Wells HP Injection Water Liquid Jet Pump Figure 7 : Wellcom boost system Gas Compressor HP Gas LP Separation System Jet Pump Optional Commingler To Pipelines LP Gas LP Liquid Booster Pump Alternative liquid line LP Wells Figure 8 : Wellcom boost system with booster pump CALTEC Ltd.

caltec. www.Multiphase Flow 2006 Conference 27th to 28th March The Marcliffe at Pitfodels Aberdeen Pressure Wells characteristics W1 P1 P2 W2 Q2 Q2a Q2b Q1 Q1a Q1b Flowrate Figure 9 : Backpressure reduction versus well productivity I-SEP Figure 10 : I-Sep in de-gassing application CALTEC Ltd. +44 (0) 1234756056 15 .com.

+44 (0) 1234756056 16 . Flow 2006 Conference 27th to 28th March The Marcliffe at Pitfodels Aberdeen Figure 11 : I-Sep for gas liquid separation with replaceable internals DP P T Gas HI-SEP I-SEP Compact Separator LT P T Liquid P Liquid Figure 12 : A general arrangement of I-Sep and Hi-Sep CALTEC Ltd.caltec.

+44 (0) 1234756056 17 .Multiphase Flow 2006 Conference 27th to 28th March The Marcliffe at Pitfodels Aberdeen Figure 13 : A typical PD twin screw pump Figure 14 : Wellcom boost system skid mounted on platform CALTEC Ltd.caltec.

caltec. www. +44 (0) 1234756056 18 .com.Multiphase Flow 2006 Conference 27th to 28th March The Marcliffe at Pitfodels Aberdeen Test Header Test Separator WBS Production Header Well Figure 15 : Wellcom boost system (WBS) linked to the test separator HP gas Jet Pump Test Header Test Separator Well Production Header Booster Pump Figure 16 : Well-kickoff by lowering test separator pressure with gas jet pump and booster pump CALTEC Ltd.

Figure 17 : Wellcom economics in oil production CALTEC Ltd. www.caltec. +44 (0) 1234756056 19 .com.Multiphase Flow 2006 Conference 27th to 28th March The Marcliffe at Pitfodels Aberdeen Areas marked as 1 to 5 in the graph represent examples of the effect of using the boosting system in total recovery from the field.