Instructions for building a passive line level mixer capable of mixing numerous line outputs down to a single channel

. Ideal as a mini-submixer. You need a drill, some tools, a soldering iron, and about an hour of free time. Parts will cost about $10.00. Passive Line Level Mixer First make a run down to your local Radio Shack and pick up a small metal box (aluminum is OK, metal will last longer when pulling jacks in and out of the thing all the time though), and some 4.7K ohm 1/2 watt resistors. The quantity of resistors you buy depends on how many synths you want to mix down to one channel. For two synths you need two resistors, three synths needs 3 resistors, etc.etc. You will also need an appropriate number of 1/4" mono phone jacks, one for each synth and one for the sum output. If you don't already have some lying around, you'll need about six inches of 22ga. solid wire. All of this shouldn't cost more than about $12. The theory of operation is this... You are not really supposed to just "Y" two or more outputs together as they can sometimes "talk" to each other which is undesirable. It also places a heavier load on both synths due to the impedance changes that happen when you connect two outputs together. Most modern day IC output amps are current protected so as to not blow out when connected like this, but they don't really work quite right in the mean time. This circuit is simply a "legal" way of doing this so that no extraneous loads will be imposed on the output amps and everything will work just the way it's supposed to. Since all synths have output controls of their own, you can set individual balances using those. You can connect as many synths as you want together using this circuit, with little or no gain loss. If your synths utilize stereo outputs and you wish to retain stereo, I recommend you build two of these little boxes, one for left and one for right and send the sum output from each box into a channel in your main mixer so you can pan them accordingly. As for the construction, drill and mount the 1/4" jacks into the box first keeping in mind a sensible layout such as the inputs on one side and the sum output on the other. The wiring is a simple "series resistor in the output wire of each synth" method. In other words, take one end of each of your resistors, tie them all together and solder them to the hot pin of the SUM OUTPUT 1/4" jack. Now the other end of each of those resistors connects to the hot lead of an INPUT 1/4" jack ( using a piece of wire if the resistor lead won't reach). If you are using a metal or aluminum box you really don't need to connect any ground wires to each other because the box will ground them together. Make sure you mount the 1/4" jacks WITHOUT any insulators as they need to be firmly grounded to the box. You are in business! Simply connect the output of each synth into an INPUT 1/4" jack and connect the sum output to a line input channel on your mixer board. If you sit back and look at the wiring now, and follow the flow of any one of the INPUT jacks coming from one of your synths, you will see that it need only travel through 4.7K ohms of resistance to get to your main mixer board input. But it must travel through 9.4K ohms to be able to "talk" to the output of another synth. This 9.4K is seen as a pretty "normal" load to the output amp and no interaction will occur. Put the cover to the box on now and try it out, you will find that since there are no active electronics involved, it will be completely noise & distortion free and each synth will sound just like it always does. Have fun with it!! Curt[75076,3126] #